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Developmental science

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346135/behavioral-health-training-in-pediatric-residency-programs-a-national-survey-of-training-directors
#1
Jeffrey D Shahidullah, Paul W Kettlewell, Mohammed H Palejwala, Susan G Forman, Andrew Billups, Stephanie L Anismatta, Benjamin Madsen
OBJECTIVE: To identify perceptions of behavioral health (BH) training in pediatric residency programs, the degree of involvement from behavioral health providers (BHPs), and opportunities for and barriers to innovation in training. METHOD: A tailored design methodology was used to target all pediatric residency program directors in the United States (N = 214). Participants were identified from the Electronic Residency Application Service website of the Association of American Medical Colleges and were asked to complete a 22-item item survey on BH training...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339922/effect-of-rhythmic-auditory-cueing-on-gait-in-cerebral-palsy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Shashank Ghai, Ishan Ghai, Alfred O Effenberg
Auditory entrainment can influence gait performance in movement disorders. The entrainment can incite neurophysiological and musculoskeletal changes to enhance motor execution. However, a consensus as to its effects based on gait in people with cerebral palsy is still warranted. A systematic review and meta-analysis were carried out to analyze the effects of rhythmic auditory cueing on spatiotemporal and kinematic parameters of gait in people with cerebral palsy. Systematic identification of published literature was performed adhering to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses and American Academy for Cerebral Palsy and Developmental Medicine guidelines, from inception until July 2017, on online databases: Web of Science, PEDro, EBSCO, Medline, Cochrane, Embase and ProQuest...
2018: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301440/advancing-the-understanding-of-progression-in-multiple-sclerosis-an-interview-with-shibeshih-belachew
#3
Shibeshih Belachew
Shibeshih Belachew speaks to Laura Dormer, Commissioning Editor: Dr Shibeshih Belachew, MD, PhD, is a Senior Medical Director for Multiple Sclerosis (MS) Disease Area in Global Product Development Medical Affairs at Roche (Basel, Switzerland). Prior to joining Roche in January 2016, he was Director of MS Franchise and Head of Medical Director's office for Biogen Region Europe and Canada. Previously at Biogen he also served as a Director in Global Neurology for the natalizumab program in Cambridge (MA, USA)...
January 5, 2018: Neurodegenerative Disease Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284160/developmental-biology-the-stem-cell-of-biological-disciplines
#4
Scott F Gilbert
Developmental biology (including embryology) is proposed as "the stem cell of biological disciplines." Genetics, cell biology, oncology, immunology, evolutionary mechanisms, neurobiology, and systems biology each has its ancestry in developmental biology. Moreover, developmental biology continues to roll on, budding off more disciplines, while retaining its own identity. While its descendant disciplines differentiate into sciences with a restricted set of paradigms, examples, and techniques, developmental biology remains vigorous, pluripotent, and relatively undifferentiated...
December 2017: PLoS Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282835/registered-reports-introducing-a-new-article-format-in-developmental-science
#5
EDITORIAL
Daniel Ansari, Judit Gervain
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Developmental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276529/neurobiological-bases-of-reading-disorder-part-ii-the-importance-of-developmental-considerations-in-typical-and-atypical-reading
#6
Jessica M Black, Zhichao Xia, Fumiko Hoeft
Decoding-based reading disorder (RD; aka developmental dyslexia) is one of the most common neurodevelopmental disorders, affecting approximately 5-10% of school-aged children across languages. Even though neuroimaging studies suggest an impairment of the left reading network in RD, the onset of this deficit and its developmental course, which may include constancy and change, is largely unknown. There is now growing evidence that the recruitment of brain networks underlying perceptual, cognitive and linguistic processes relevant to reading acquisition varies with age...
October 2017: Language and Linguistics Compass
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251670/the-road-to-11th-edition-of-the-international-classification-of-diseases-trajectories-of-scientific-consensus-and-contested-science-in-the-classification-of-intellectual-disability-intellectual-developmental-disorders
#7
Luis Salvador-Carulla, Marco Bertelli, Rafael Martinez-Leal
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To increase the expert knowledge-base on intellectual developmental disorders (IDDs) by investigating the typology trajectories of consensus formation in the classification systems up to the 11th edition of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11). This expert review combines an analysis of key recent literature and the revision of the consensus formation and contestation in the expert committees contributing to the classification systems since the 1950s...
December 14, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250006/developmental-changes-in-learning-computational-mechanisms-and-social-influences
#8
REVIEW
Florian Bolenz, Andrea M F Reiter, Ben Eppinger
Our ability to learn from the outcomes of our actions and to adapt our decisions accordingly changes over the course of the human lifespan. In recent years, there has been an increasing interest in using computational models to understand developmental changes in learning and decision-making. Moreover, extensions of these models are currently applied to study socio-emotional influences on learning in different age groups, a topic that is of great relevance for applications in education and health psychology...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247672/prospects-and-progress-in-the-production-of-valuable-carotenoids-insights-from-metabolic-engineering-synthetic-biology-and-computational-approaches
#9
REVIEW
Mohan Sankari, Priya Rajendra Rao, Hridya Hemachandran, Phani Kumar Pullela, George Priya Doss C, Iftikhar Aslam Tayubi, Babu Subramanian, K M Gothandam, Pooja Singh, Siva Ramamoorthy
Carotenoids are isoprenoid pigments synthesized exclusively by plants and microorganisms and play critical roles in light harvesting, photoprotection, attracting pollinators and phytohormone production. In recent years, carotenoids have been used for their health benefits due to their high antioxidant activity and are extensively utilized in food, pharmaceutical, and nutraceutical industries. Regulation of carotenoid biosynthesis occurs throughout the life cycle of plants, with vibrant changes in composition based on developmental needs and responses to external environmental stimuli...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241363/science-state-and-spirituality-stories-of-four-creationists-in-south-korea
#10
Hyung Wook Park, Kyuhoon Cho
This paper presents an analysis of the birth and growth of scientific creationism in South Korea by focusing on the lives of four major contributors. After creationism arrived in Korea in 1980 through the global campaign of leading American creationists, including Henry Morris and Duane Gish, it steadily grew in the country, reflecting its historical and social conditions, and especially its developmental state with its structured mode of managing science and appropriating religion. We argue that while South Korea's creationism started with the state-centered conservative Christianity under the government that also vigilantly managed scientists, it subsequently constituted some technical experts' efforts to move away from the state and its religion and science through their negotiation of a new identity as Christian intellectuals ( chisigin)...
December 1, 2017: History of Science; An Annual Review of Literature, Research and Teaching
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235651/-the-way-we-do-the-things-we-do-decision-making-transparency-at-the-journal-of-child-psychology-and-psychiatry
#11
EDITORIAL
Edmund J S Sonuga-Barke
As in life generally, so in scholarly publishing, the turn of the year inevitably encourages editors to reflect soberly and take honest stock of the progress their journals have made over the previous 12 months. In this frame of mind, my own thoughts turned to our beloved Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry. Of course I say ours because we who currently work at the journal, know it actually belongs to you, the world-wide community of child and adolescent psychologists and psychiatrists: We are only its stewards...
January 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232535/why-interventions-to-influence-adolescent-behavior-often-fail-but-could-succeed
#12
David S Yeager, Ronald E Dahl, Carol S Dweck
We provide a developmental perspective on two related issues: (a) why traditional preventative school-based interventions work reasonably well for children but less so for middle adolescents and (b) why some alternative approaches to interventions show promise for middle adolescents. We propose the hypothesis that traditional interventions fail when they do not align with adolescents' enhanced desire to feel respected and be accorded status; however, interventions that do align with this desire can motivate internalized, positive behavior change...
December 1, 2017: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226784/the-reproductive-and-developmental-toxicity-of-nanoparticles-a-bibliometric-analysis
#13
Zengjin Wang, Tongchao Zhang, Fengyan Huang, Zhiping Wang
Because of the advantages of nanoparticles (NPs) in a variety of industrial, biomedical, and consumer applications, they are intentionally (such as in medicine) or unintentionally (environment exposure) introduced into the human body. However, to date, the detrimental effects of NPs are still unclear, especially in reproductive and developmental toxicity. In this study, we researched 266 articles related to the reproductive and developmental toxicity of NPs from 2006 to December 2016 based on the database of the Web of Science...
January 1, 2017: Toxicology and Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224642/drug-induced-cardiac-abnormalities-in-premature-infants-and-neonates
#14
REVIEW
Luana Pesco-Koplowitz, Gary Gintant, Robert Ward, Dominique Heon, Muriel Saulnier, Jeff Heilbraun
The Cardiac Safety Research Consortium (CSRC) is a transparent, public-private partnership that was established in 2005 as a Critical Path Program and formalized in 2006 under a Memorandum of Understanding between the United States Food and Drug Administration and Duke University. Our continuing goal is to advance paradigms for more efficient regulatory science related to the cardiovascular safety of new therapeutics, both in the United States and globally, particularly where such safety questions add burden to innovative research and development...
January 2018: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214124/culture-and-emotion-perception-comparing-canadian-and-japanese-children-s-and-parents-context-sensitivity
#15
Hajin Lee, Kristina Nand, Yuki Shimizu, Akira Takada, Miki Kodama, Takahiko Masuda
Prior research on the perception of facial expressions suggests that East Asians are more likely than North Americans to incorporate the expressions of background figures into their judgment of a central figure's emotion (Masuda et al. in J Pers Soc Psychol 94:365-381, 2008b). However, little research has examined this issue in the context of developmental science, especially during joint sessions where parents engage in a task in front of their 7-8-year-old children. In this study, 22 Canadian and 20 Japanese child-parent dyads participated in an emotion judgment task, and were asked to judge a central figure's emotion and explain their reasoning...
2017: Culture and Brain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206104/science-forum-the-human-cell-atlas
#16
Aviv Regev, Sarah A Teichmann, Eric S Lander, Ido Amit, Christophe Benoist, Ewan Birney, Bernd Bodenmiller, Peter J Campbell, Piero Carninci, Menna Clatworthy, Hans Clevers, Bart Deplancke, Ian Dunham, James Eberwine, Roland Eils, Wolfgang Enard, Andrew Farmer, Lars Fugger, Berthold Göttgens, Nir Hacohen, Muzlifah Haniffa, Martin Hemberg, Seung K Kim, Paul Klenerman, Arnold Kriegstein, Ed Lein, Sten Linnarsson, Emma Lundberg, Joakim Lundeberg, Partha Majumder, John C Marioni, Miriam Merad, Musa Mhlanga, Martijn Nawijn, Mihai Netea, Garry Nolan, Dana Pe'er, Anthony Phillipakis, Chris P Ponting, Stephen R Quake, Wolf Reik, Orit Rozenblatt-Rosen, Joshua R Sanes, Rahul Satija, Ton N Schumacher, Alex K Shalek, Ehud Shapiro, Padmanee Sharma, Jay W Shin, Oliver Stegle, Michael R Stratton, Michael J T Stubbington, Fabian J Theis, Matthias Uhlen, Alexander van Oudenaarden, Allon Wagner, Fiona M Watt, Jonathan S Weissman, Barbara J Wold, Ramnik J Xavier, Nir Yosef
The recent advent of methods for high-throughput single-cell molecular profiling has catalyzed a growing sense in the scientific community that the time is ripe to complete the 150-year-old effort to identify all cell types in the human body. The Human Cell Atlas Project is an international collaborative effort that aims to define all human cell types in terms of distinctive molecular profiles (such as gene expression profiles) and to connect this information with classical cellular descriptions (such as location and morphology)...
December 5, 2017: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204259/early-development-of-infants-with-neurofibromatosis-type-1-a-case-series
#17
Anna May Kolesnik, Emily Jane Harrison Jones, Shruti Garg, Jonathan Green, Tony Charman, Mark Henry Johnson
Background: Prospective studies of infants at familial risk for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have yielded insights into the earliest signs of the disorder but represent heterogeneous samples of unclear aetiology. Complementing this approach by studying cohorts of infants with monogenic syndromes associated with high rates of ASD offers the opportunity to elucidate the factors that lead to ASD. Methods: We present the first report from a prospective study of ten 10-month-old infants with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1), a monogenic disorder with high prevalence of ASD or ASD symptomatology...
2017: Molecular Autism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202549/clonidine-sedation-effects-in-children-during-electroencephalography
#18
Mohammad Barzegar, Reza Piri, Mohammad Naghavi-Behzad, Masoumeh Ghasempour
It is very important to have proper management in children with Seizure. Electroencephalography (EEG) as a diagnostic instrument has a key role in determining the management method of seizure in children. Because of poor cooperation of some children (especially children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorders and developmental disorders) in performing EEG, it is the best choice to sedate children before EEG. The aim of present study is to evaluate the sedation efficacy of clonidine in children before EEG...
September 2017: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199464/sperm-rna-elements-as-markers-of-health
#19
Rayanne B Burl, Stephanie Clough, Edward Sendler, Molly Estill, Stephen A Krawetz
Idiopathic infertility, an etiology not identified as part of standard clinical assessment, represents approximately 20% of all infertility cases. Current male infertility diagnosis focuses on the concentration, motility, and morphology of spermatozoa. This is of limited value when predicting birth success and of limited utility when selecting the optimum treatment. At fertilization, spermatozoa provide their genomic contribution, as well as a set of RNAs and proteins that have distinct roles in development...
December 3, 2017: Systems Biology in Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196426/a-model-for-postdoctoral-education-that-promotes-minority-and-majority-success-in-the-biomedical-sciences
#20
Arri Eisen, Douglas C Eaton
How does the United States maintain the highest-quality research and teaching in its professional science workforce and ensure that those in this workforce are effectively trained and representative of national demographics? In the pathway to science careers, the postdoctoral stage is formative, providing the experiences that define the independent work of one's first faculty position. It is also a stage in which underrepresented minorities (URMs) disproportionately lose interest in pursuing academic careers in science and, models suggest, a point at which interventions to increase proportions of URMs in such careers could be most effective...
2017: CBE Life Sciences Education
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