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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232764/brain-biopsy-performed-with-the-ronna-g3-system-a-case-study-on-using-a-novel-robotic-navigation-device-for-stereotactic-neurosurgery
#1
Domagoj Dlaka, Marko Švaco, Darko Chudy, Bojan Jerbić, Bojan Šekoranja, Filip Šuligoj, Josip Vidaković, Fadi Almahariq, Dominik Romić
BACKGROUND: Robotic neuronavigation is becoming an important tool for neurosurgeons. We present a case study of a frameless stereotactic biopsy guided by the RONNA G3 robotic neuronavigation system. METHODS: A 45 year-old patient with a history of vertigo, nausea and vomiting was diagnosed with multiple periventricular lesions. Neurological status was unremarkable. A frameless robotic biopsy of a brain lesion was performed. RESULTS: Three tissue samples were obtained...
December 12, 2017: International Journal of Medical Robotics + Computer Assisted Surgery: MRCAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232379/comparison-of-nalbuphine-and-sufentanil-for-colonoscopy-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Chaoyi Deng, Xiao Wang, Qianmei Zhu, Yanming Kang, Jinlin Yang, Heng Wang
OBJECTIVES: Nalbuphine is as effective as morphine as a perioperative analgesic but has not been compared directly with sufentanil in clinical trials. The aims of this study were to compare the efficacy and safety of nalbuphine with that of sufentanil in patients undergoing colonoscopy and to determine the optimal doses of nalbuphine in this indication. METHODS: Two hundred and forty consecutive eligible patients aged 18-65 years with an American Society of Anesthesiologists classification of I-II and scheduled for colonoscopy were randomly allocated to receive sufentanil 0...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232314/postexercise-fructose-maltodextrin-ingestion-enhances-subsequent-endurance-capacity
#3
Ed Maunder, Tim Podlogar, Gareth A Wallis
PURPOSE: Restoring skeletal muscle and hepatic glycogen content during short-term (<6 h) recovery from prolonged exercise is pertinent for athletes seeking to maximize performance in repeated exercise bouts. Previous research suggests co-ingestion of fructose-glucose carbohydrate sources augments hepatic and has equivalent effects on skeletal muscle glycogen storage during short-term recovery from prolonged exercise compared to isocaloric glucose ingestion. The aim of the present investigation was to determine if this has a discernible effect on subsequent exercise capacity...
December 11, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232253/postoperative-nausea-and-vomiting-after-unrestricted-clear-fluids-before-day-surgery-a-retrospective-analysis
#4
Graham C McCracken, Jane Montgomery
BACKGROUND: Guidance on pre-operative fluids fasting policy continues to evolve. Current European guidelines encourage the intake of oral fluids up to 2 h before the induction of general anaesthesia. From October 2014, Torbay Hospital Day Surgery Unit commenced an unrestricted fluid policy, encouraging patients to drink clear fluids up until the time of transfer to theatre. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting before and after the change to the unrestricted pre-operative clear oral fluids...
December 11, 2017: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231783/dexamethasone-exacerbates-cytotoxic-chemotherapy-induced-lethargy-and-weight-loss-in-female-tumor-free-mice
#5
John Wong, Lisa T Tran, Kaari A Lynch, Lisa J Wood
Cytotoxic chemotherapy can induce a systemic inflammatory response which has been proposed to be an underlying mechanism of cancer treatment related fatigue. Dexamethasone, a synthetic glucocorticoid that has potent anti-inflammatory effects, is incorporated into chemotherapy regimens to prevent chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV). The purpose of this study was to determine whether by suppressing cytotoxic chemotherapy-induced inflammation, dexamethasone could ameliorate chemotherapy induced fatigue/lethargy in tumor free mice...
December 12, 2017: Cancer Biology & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231584/-electrothermal-acupuncture-in-the-prevention-and-treatment-of-chemotherapy-induced-nausea-and-vomiting-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Dianrong Lu, Dianxiang Lu, Dapeng Bai, Shengqi He, Fang Wang, Yin Gao, Yanlin Du, Ningjun Wang, Zhenglong Jiang, Zemin Wang, Shijie Zhu
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effectiveness and safety of electrothermal acupuncture in the prevention and treatment of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) in the cancerous patients of phlegm-stasis interaction in cisplatin-containing chemotherapy. METHODS: Sixty cases of phlegm-stasis interaction in cisplatin-containing chemotherapy were randomized into a trial group and a control group, 30 cases in each one. In the control group, the intravenous drip of granisetron hydrochloride injection was adopted, 3 mg before and after cisplatin-containing chemotherapy 30 min, continuously for 3 days...
April 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231481/-effects-of-auricular-point-sticking-on-plasma-motilin-in-patients-after-gynecological-laparoscopic-operation-under-general-anesthesia
#7
Tao Tao, Ting Chen, Aiming Yang, Hui Zheng, Mingyang Wei, Haiyan Jin, Xiaowen Guo
OBJECTIVE: To observe the clinical efficacy of auricular point sticking on prevention and treatment of gastrointestinal complications after gynecological laparoscopic operation of general anesthesia, and to explore whether it is achieved by regulating the secretion of plasma motilin (MTL). METHODS: Sixty patients who received selective gynecological laparoscopy under general anesthesia were randomly assigned into an observation group and a control group, 30 patients in each one...
February 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230803/peri-operative-management-of-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-undergoing-non-cardiac-surgery-using-liraglutide-glucose-insulin-potassium-infusion-or-intravenous-insulin-bolus-regimens-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#8
J A W Polderman, S C J van Steen, B Thiel, M B Godfried, P L Houweling, M W Hollmann, J H DeVries, B Preckel, J Hermanides
In this open-label multicentre randomised controlled trial, we investigated three peri-operative treatment strategies to lower glucose and reduce the need for rescue insulin in patients aged 18-75 years with type-2 diabetes mellitus undergoing non-cardiac surgery. Patients were randomly allocated using a web-based randomisation program to premedication with liraglutide (liraglutide group), glucose-insulin-potassium infusion (insulin infusion group) or insulin bolus regimen (insulin bolus group), targeting a glucose < 8...
December 12, 2017: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230280/a-case-of-mirizzi-syndrome-that-was-successfully-treated-by-laparoscopic-choledochoplasty-using-a-gallbladder-patch
#9
Masatsugu Hiraki, Junji Ueda, Hiroshi Kono, Noriyuki Egawa, Kiyoshi Saeki, Yasuhiro Tsuru, Takao Ide, Hirokazu Noshiro
The use of laparoscopic surgery in the treatment of Mirizzi syndrome is considered controversial due to the degree of technical difficulty. We herein describe the case of a 36-year-old woman who was admitted to our hospital due to appetite loss, nausea and back pain. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiography revealed a round-shaped filling defect at the confluence of the bile duct. The patient was diagnosed with Mirizzi syndrome Type II according to the Csendes classification. Before surgery, an endoscopic nasobiliary drainage tube was placed for intraoperative cholangiography...
November 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229674/efficacy-and-safety-of-linezolid-compared-with-other-treatments-for-skin-and-soft-tissue-infections-a-meta-analysis
#10
Yan Li, Wei Xu
Linezolid with other treatments for skin and soft-tissue infections (SSTIs) has been evaluated in several studies. However, the conclusions remain controversial. By searching PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane library databases, we conducted a meta-analysis to evaluate linezolid and other treatments for skin and soft tissue infections. The study was summarized, and the risk ratio (RR) and its 95% confidence interval (CI) were calculated. Eleven related articles were included in the meta-analysis.  Our results revealed that linezolid was associated with a significantly better clinical (RR=1...
December 11, 2017: Bioscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229211/the-use-of-rapid-onset-fentanyl-in-children-and-young-people-for-breakthrough-cancer-pain
#11
Lucy Coombes, Kimberley Burke, Anna-Karenia Anderson
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: No published studies have looked at the dosing and use of rapid onset fentanyl preparations in children. The primary aim of this study was to assess whether there is a correlation between effective dose of rapid onset fentanyl and background oral morphine equivalent analgesia in children less than 18 years old. Secondary objectives included establishing whether there is a correlation between effective dose of rapid onset fentanyl and age and weight. Reported side effects were also reviewed...
October 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228720/gastric-myoelectric-activity-during-cisplatin-induced-acute-and-delayed-emesis-reveals-a-temporal-impairment-of-slow-waves-in-ferrets-effects-not-reversed-by-the-glp-1-receptor-antagonist-exendin-9-39
#12
Zengbing Lu, Man P Ngan, Ge Lin, David T W Yew, Xiaodan Fan, Paul L R Andrews, John A Rudd
Preclinical studies show that the glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor antagonist, exendin (9-39), can reduce acute emesis induced by cisplatin. In the present study, we investigate the effect of exendin (9-39) (100 nmol/24 h, i.c.v), on cisplatin (5 mg/kg, i.p.)-induced acute and delayed emesis and changes indicative of 'nausea' in ferrets. Cisplatin induced 37.2 ± 2.3 and 59.0 ± 7.7 retches + vomits during the 0-24 (acute) and 24-72 h (delayed) periods, respectively. Cisplatin also increased (P<0...
November 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228499/high-dose-intravenous-immunoglobulins-for-the-treatment-of-dermatological-autoimmune-diseases
#13
Jochen H O Hoffmann, Alexander H Enk
Based on their immunomodulatory properties, high-dose intravenous immunoglobulins (IVIGs) are successfully used in the treatment of various dermatological autoimmune diseases, in particular pemphigus vulgaris and dermatomyositis. In autoimmune bullous diseases, IVIGs can be used in an adjuvant setting (second- or third-line therapy) once combined immunosuppressive regimens have failed. In dermatomyositis, IVIGs may already be employed as an adjuvant second-line therapy after failure of corticosteroid monotherapy...
December 2017: Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft, Journal of the German Society of Dermatology: JDDG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228200/ect-has-greater-efficacy-than-fluoxetine-in-alleviating-the-burden-of-illness-for-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder-a-taiwanese-pooled-analysis
#14
Ching-Hua Lin, Chun-Jen Huang, Cheng-Chung Chen
Background: The burden of major depressive disorder (MDD) includes suffering due to symptom severity, functional impairment, and quality of life (QOL) deficits. The aim of this study was to compare the differences between ECT and pharmacotherapy in reducing such burdens. Methods: This was a pooled analysis study including two open-label trials for MDD inpatients receiving either standard bitemporal and modified ECT with a maximum of 12 sessions, or 20 mg/d of fluoxetine for 6 weeks...
December 8, 2017: International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227441/potential-risk-factors-affecting-repeated-canalith-repositioning-procedures-in-benign-paroxysmal-positional-vertigo
#15
Junghee Yoon, Jong Bin Lee, Ho Yun Lee, Byung Don Lee, Chi Kyou Lee, Seong Jun Choi
OBJECTIVE: To define the risk factors and adverse effects associated with repeated canalith repositioning procedures (CRPs). STUDY DESIGN: A case series featuring chart review. SETTING: An academic university hospital. PATIENTS: We retrospectively reviewed 1900 patients (average age, 54.9 years; range, 11-88 years) diagnosed with benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). All underwent repeated CRPs. We recorded clinical features including age, gender, BPPV cause (idiopathic or secondary), symptom duration, the canal involved, the number of sessions of CRP, recurrence, follow-up duration, and complications...
December 7, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227301/palliative-care-in-gynecologic-oncology
#16
Daniel Karlin, Peter Phung, Christopher Pietras
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Patients with gynecologic malignancies face many difficult issues in the course of their diseases, ranging from physical symptoms to advance care planning in light of a poor prognosis. This review examines the evidence supporting integration of palliative care early in the course of disease and symptom management, and provides a framework for difficult conversations. RECENT FINDINGS: Palliative care has been demonstrated to improve quality of life and promote survival if integrated early in the course of disease...
December 8, 2017: Current Opinion in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226971/intravenous-dexamethasone-for-prophylaxis-of-postoperative-nausea-and-vomiting-after-administration-of-long-acting-neuraxial-opioids-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
S Grape, I Usmanova, K R Kirkham, E Albrecht
Long-acting neuraxial opioids provide excellent analgesia after surgery, but are associated with higher rates of postoperative nausea and vomiting. Dexamethasone effectively prevents postoperative nausea and vomiting after general anaesthesia, but its value in patients receiving long-acting neuraxial opioids is undetermined. Therefore, the objective of this meta-analysis was to assess the prophylactic anti-emetic efficacy of intravenous (i.v.) dexamethasone in this population. The study methodology followed the PRISMA statement guidelines...
December 11, 2017: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226903/case-image-unruptured-non-coronary-sinus-of-valsalva-aneurysm-presenting-with-nausea-secondary-to-functional-tricuspid-stenosis
#18
Mert İlker Hayıroğlu, Muhammed Keskin, Ahmet Yavuz Balcı, Servet Altay, Tolga Sinan Güvenç
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226749/is-ginger-really-effective-for-the-treatment-of-the-first-trimester-nausea-and-vomiting
#19
Ahmed M Abbas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 10, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226741/side-effects-associated-with-current-and-prospective-antimigraine-pharmacotherapies
#20
Abimael González-Hernández, Bruno A Marichal-Cancino, Antoinette MaassenVanDenBrink, Carlos M Villalón
Migraine is a neurovascular disorder. Current acute specific antimigraine pharmacotherapies target trigeminovascular 5-HT1B/1D, 5-HT1F and CGRP receptors but, unfortunately, they induce some cardiovascular and central side effects that lead to poor treatment adherence/compliance. Therefore, new antimigraine drugs are being explored. Areas covered. This review considers the adverse (or potential) side effects produced by current and prospective antimigraine drugs, including medication overuse headache (MOH) produced by ergots and triptans, the side effects observed in clinical trials for the new gepants and CGRP antibodies, and a section discussing the potential effects resulting from disruption of the cardiovascular CGRPergic neurotransmission...
December 9, 2017: Expert Opinion on Drug Metabolism & Toxicology
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