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COMT BDNF Interaction

Anna Mané, Daniel Bergé, Maria Jose Penzol, Mara Parellada, Miquel Bioque, Antonio Lobo, Ana González-Pinto, Iluminada Corripio, Bibiana Cabrera, Ana Maria Sánchez-Torres, Jerónimo Saiz-Ruiz, Miguel Bernardo, PEPs Group
Although an interaction between COMT Val158Met and BDNF Val66Met polymorphisms with cannabis use has been proposed with respect to the risk of psychosis emergence, findings remain inconclusive. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the different possible associations between these polymorphisms and early cannabis use and the age at the first episode of psychosis. The relationship between age at psychosis onset and COMT Val158Met and BDNF Val66Met polymorphisms with early cannabis use as well as those factors associated with early cannabis use were investigated...
April 2017: Psychiatry Research
Shraddha Sapkota, Lars Bäckman, Roger A Dixon
Recent studies have reported several genetic, health, and aging interaction effects in predicting cognitive performance and change. We used an accelerated longitudinal design to examine interactions among genetic, lifestyle, and aging for executive function (EF) in non-demented older adults (n = 634; age range = 53-95 years). The polymorphisms were apolipoprotein E (APOE), catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT), and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF). We tested (1) independent and additive effects of APOE, COMT, and BDNF and (2) APOE effect modification for COMT + BDNF, on EF performance and 9-year change as separated by age and lifestyle activities...
April 2017: Neurobiology of Aging
Anna Klimkiewicz, Anna Mach, Andrzej Jakubczyk, Jakub Klimkiewicz, Anna Wnorowska, Maciej Kopera, Sylwia Fudalej, Margit Burmeister, Kirk Brower, Marcin Wojnar
BACKGROUND: The neurobiology of alcohol dependence (AD) involves alterations in neurotransmitters and the stress response. We hypothesized that an interaction between functional variants of dopaminergic and neurotrophic genes may influence drinking in AD. METHODS: The relationship between alcohol consumption and single-nucleotide polymorphisms, Val66Met in the brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), and Val158Met in the catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT), was analyzed among 281 alcohol-dependent individuals...
March 2017: Journal of Addiction Medicine
Wen Chen, Chunhui Chen, Mingrui Xia, Karen Wu, Chuansheng Chen, Qinghua He, Gui Xue, Wenjing Wang, Yong He, Qi Dong
Catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) genes have been found to interactively influence working memory (WM) as well as brain activation during WM tasks. However, whether the two genes have interactive effects on resting-state activities of the brain and whether these spontaneous activations correlate with WM are still unknown. This study included behavioral data from WM tasks and genetic data (COMT rs4680 and BDNF Val66Met) from 417 healthy Chinese adults and resting-state fMRI data from 298 of them...
2016: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
Andrew A Somogyi, Alex T Sia, Ene-Choo Tan, Janet K Coller, Mark R Hutchinson, Daniel T Barratt
Although several genetic factors have been associated with postsurgical morphine requirements, those involving the innate immune system and cytokines have not been well investigated. The aim of this study was to investigate the contribution of genetic variability in innate immune signalling pathways to variability in morphine dosage after elective caesarean section under spinal anaesthesia in 133 Indian, 230 Malay, and 598 Han Chinese women previously studied. Twenty single nucleotide polymorphisms in 14 genes involved in glial activation (TLR2, TLR4, MYD88, MD2), inflammatory signalling (IL2, IL6, IL10, IL1B, IL6R, TNFA, TGFB1, CRP, CASP1), and neuronal regulation (BDNF) were newly investigated, in addition to OPRM1, COMT, and ABCB1 genetic variability identified previously...
November 2016: Pain
Rebecca A Lundwall, Claudia G Rasmussen
Attention is vital to success in all aspects of life (Meck and Benson, 2002; Erickson et al., 2015), hence it is important to identify biomarkers of later attentional problems early enough to intervene. Our objective was to determine if any of 11 genes (APOE, BDNF, HTR4, CHRNA4, COMT, DRD4, IGF2, MAOA, SLC5A7, SLC6A3, and SNAP25) predicted the trajectory of attentional development within the same group of children between infancy and childhood. We recruited follow up participants from children who participated as infants in visual attention studies and used a similar task at both time points...
2016: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
Amene Saghazadeh, Shadi A Esfahani, Nima Rezaei
INTRODUCTION: Heterogeneity of therapeutic response to brain stimulation techniques has inspired scientists to uncover the secrets to success or failure of these projects. Genetic polymorphisms are one of the major causes of this heterogeneity. AREAS COVERED: More than twenty genetic variants within more than ten genes (e.g. BDNF, COMT, DRD2, TRPV1, 5-HT1A, 5-HHT, P2RX7, VEGF, TPH1, TPH2, ACE, APOE, GNB3, NET, NMDA receptors, and RGS4) have been investigated, among which the BDNF gene and its polymorphism, Val66Met, is the best documented variant...
September 2016: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics
Judith Becker Nissen, Christine Søholm Hansen, Anna Starnawska, Manuel Mattheisen, Anders Dupont Børglum, Henriette Nørmølle Buttenschøn, Mads Hollegaard
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a neuropsychiatric disorder. Non-genetic factors and their interaction with genes have attracted increasing attention. Epigenetics is regarded an important interface between environmental signals and activation/repression of genomic responses. Epigenetic mechanisms have not previously been examined in OCD in children and adolescents. The aim of the present study was to examine the DNA methylation profile of selected genes in blood spots from neonates later diagnosed with OCD and in the same children/adolescents at the time of diagnosis compared with age- and sex-matched controls...
2016: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Wei Li, Bing Liu, Jiayuan Xu, Tianzi Jiang, Chunshui Yu
As modulators of dopamine availability and release in the brain, COMT and BDNF polymorphisms have demonstrated interactions on human cognition; however, the underlying neural mechanisms remain largely unknown. In this study, we aimed to investigate the interactions of COMT rs4680 and BDNF rs6265 on global functional connectivity density (gFCD) of the brain in 265 healthy young subjects. We found a significant COMT × BDNF interaction on the gFCD in the left frontal eye field (FEF), showing an inverted U-shape modulation by the presumed dopamine signaling...
July 2016: Human Brain Mapping
Fatemeh Noohi, Nate B Boyden, Youngbin Kwak, Jennifer Humfleet, Martijn L T M Müller, Nicolaas I Bohnen, Rachael D Seidler
The interactive association of age and dopaminergic polymorphisms on cognitive function has been studied extensively. However, there is limited research on whether age interacts with the association between genetic polymorphisms and motor learning. We examined a group of young and older adults' performance in three motor tasks: explicit sequence learning, visuomotor adaptation, and grooved pegboard. We assessed whether individuals' motor learning and performance were associated with their age and genotypes...
April 2016: Neuropsychologia
M Udina, R Navinés, E Egmond, G Oriolo, K Langohr, D Gimenez, M Valdés, E Gómez-Gil, I Grande, M Gratacós, F Kapczinski, F Artigas, E Vieta, R Solà, R Martín-Santos
BACKGROUND: The role of inflammation in mood disorders has received increased attention. There is substantial evidence that cytokine therapies, such as interferon alpha (IFN-alpha), can induce depressive symptoms. Indeed, proinflammatory cytokines change brain function in several ways, such as altering neurotransmitters, the glucocorticoid axis, and apoptotic mechanisms. This study aimed to evaluate the impact on mood of initiating IFN-alpha and ribavirin treatment in a cohort of patients with chronic hepatitis C...
April 2016: International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology
Rebecca A Lundwall, James L Dannemiller, H Hill Goldsmith
This study elucidates genetic influences on reflexive (as opposed to sustained) attention in children (aged 9-16 years; N = 332) who previously participated as infants in visual attention studies using orienting to a moving bar (Dannemiller, 2004). We investigated genetic associations with reflexive attention measures in infancy and childhood in the same group of children. The genetic markers (single nucleotide polymorphisms and variable number tandem repeats on the genes APOE, BDNF, CHRNA4, COMT, DRD4, HTR4, IGF2, MAOA, SLC5A7, SLC6A3, and SNAP25) are related to brain development and/or to the availability of neurotransmitters such as acetylcholine, dopamine, or serotonin...
May 2017: Developmental Science
Yeimy González-Giraldo, Andrés Camargo, Sandra López-León, Diego A Forero
Background. Major depressive disorder (MDD) is the second cause of years lived with disability around the world. A large number of studies have been carried out to identify genetic risk factors for MDD and related endophenotypes, mainly in populations of European and Asian descent, with conflicting results. The main aim of the current study was to analyze the possible association of five candidate genes and depressive symptoms in a Colombian sample of healthy subjects. Methods and Materials. The Spanish adaptation of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) was applied to one hundred eighty-eight healthy Colombian subjects...
2015: Depression Research and Treatment
Yvette N Lamb, Christopher S Thompson, Nicole S McKay, Karen E Waldie, Ian J Kirk
Single nucleotide polymorphisms in the brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) gene and the catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) gene influence brain structure and function, as well as cognitive abilities. They are most influential in the hippocampus and prefrontal cortex (PFC), respectively. Recall and recognition are forms of memory proposed to have different neural substrates, with recall having a greater dependence on the PFC and hippocampus. This study aimed to determine whether the BDNF val(66)met or COMT val(158)met polymorphisms differentially affect recall and recognition, and whether these polymorphisms interact...
2015: Frontiers in Psychology
D Nimmons, N Pendleton, A Payton, W Ollier, M Horan, J Wilkinson, S Hamdy
BACKGROUND: Catechol-O-methyl transferase (COMT) and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) are neuro-modulatory proteins that have been demonstrated to affect cortical plasticity, which in turn has been shown to affect age-related changes and neuronal functioning in humans. Here, we tested the hypothesis that single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) within COMT and BDNF genes are associated with dysphagia in older adults. METHODS: A total of 800 community-dwelling older individuals were sent the Sydney Oropharyngeal Dysphagia Questionnaire to identify swallowing difficulties...
September 2015: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
Jennifer Lynne Phillips, Lisa Ann Batten, Philippe Tremblay, Fahad Aldosary, Lisheng Du, Pierre Blier
OBJECTIVE: In major depressive disorder (MDD), single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in monoaminergic genes may impact disease susceptibility, treatment response, and brain volume. The objective of this study was to examine the effect of such polymorphisms on hippocampal volume in patients with treatment-resistant MDD and healthy controls. Candidate gene risk alleles were hypothesised to be associated with reductions in hippocampal volume. METHODS: A total of 26 outpatients with treatment-resistant MDD and 27 matched healthy controls underwent magnetic resonance imaging and genotyping for six SNPs in monoaminergic genes [serotonin transporter (SLC6A4), norepinephrine transporter (SLC6A2), serotonin 1A and 2A receptors (HTR1A and HTR2A), catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT), and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF)]...
December 2015: Acta Neuropsychiatrica
C Wang, B Liu, H Long, L Fan, J Li, X Zhang, C Qiu, C Yu, T Jiang
The frontostriatal system plays a critical role in emotional and cognitive control. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) influences the release of dopamine (DA) in the ventral striatum (VST), while catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) impacts DA availability in the prefrontal cortex (PFC). Behavioral studies have already shown a genetic interaction of BDNF Val66Met and COMT Val158Met, but the interaction on the DA-related neural circuit has not been previously studied. Here we show, using functional magnetic resonance imaging in a sample of healthy human subjects, that BDNF and COMT epistatically interacted on the functional connectivity between the bilateral VST and the anterior cingulate cortex...
July 9, 2015: Neuroscience
Alexander Kautzky, Pia Baldinger, Daniel Souery, Stuart Montgomery, Julien Mendlewicz, Joseph Zohar, Alessandro Serretti, Rupert Lanzenberger, Siegfried Kasper
For over a decade, the European Group for the Study of Resistant Depression (GSRD) has examined single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) and clinical parameters in regard to treatment outcome. However, an interaction based model combining these factors has not been established yet. Regarding the low effect of individual SNPs, a model investigating the interactive role of SNPs and clinical variables in treatment-resistant depression (TRD) seems auspicious. Thus 225 patients featured in previous work of the GSRD were enrolled in this investigation...
April 2015: European Neuropsychopharmacology: the Journal of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology
Goran Papenberg, Alireza Salami, Jonas Persson, Ulman Lindenberger, Lars Bäckman
Increasing evidence from cross-sectional and longitudinal molecular-genetic studies suggests that effects of common genetic variations on cognitive functioning increase with aging. We review the influence of candidate genes on brain functioning in old age, focusing on four genetic variations that have been extensively investigated: APOE, BDNF, COMT, and KIBRA. Similar to the behavioral evidence, there are reports from age-comparative studies documenting stronger genetic effects on measures of brain functioning in older adults compared to younger adults...
March 2015: Neuropsychology Review
Zoe H Brett, Margaret Sheridan, Kate Humphreys, Anna Smyke, Mary Margaret Gleason, Nathan Fox, Charles Zeanah, Charles Nelson, Stacy Drury
An individual's neurodevelopmental and cognitive sequelae to negative early experiences may, in part, be explained by genetic susceptibility. We examined whether extreme differences in the early caregiving environment, defined as exposure to severe psychosocial deprivation associated with institutional care compared to normative rearing, interacted with a biologically informed genoset comprising BDNF (rs6265), COMT (rs4680), and SIRT1 (rs3758391) to predict distinct outcomes of neurodevelopment at age 8 (N = 193, 97 males and 96 females)...
March 2015: International Journal of Behavioral Development
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