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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931228/civil-registration-and-vital-statistics-emergencies-and-international-law-understanding-the-intersection
#1
Claire E Brolan, Hebe Gouda
Civil registration and vital statistics (CRVS) systems are typically run by governments to record every birth, adoption, death, marriage, and divorce that occurs among a country's population. Registration of vital events provides individuals with a formal relationship with the State and each other, and is the foundation of a person's identity, nationality, and legal status. At a population level, vital statistics are essential for effective planning and implementation of policies and services. Globally, strong CRVS systems are increasingly recognised as a crucial backbone for redressing health inequities and as a priority in strengthening global health and development efforts...
May 1, 2017: Medical Law Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931219/long-term-chikungunya-sequelae-in-cura%C3%A3-ao-burden-determinants-and-a-novel-classification-tool
#2
Jelte Elsinga, Izzy Gerstenbluth, Symkje van der Ploeg, Yaskara Halabi, Norédiz T Lourents, Johannes G Burgerhof, Henry T van der Veen, Ajay Bailey, Martin P Grobusch, Adriana Tami
Background: Beyond the acute illness phase, chikungunya constitutes a public health problem given its chronic disease phase, which may include long-term arthralgia, arthritis, fatigue, and depression. Currently, there is no consensus on how to define chikungunya chronicity. Methods: A comprehensive cross-sectional survey was performed in Curaçao in June and July 2015 to evaluate 304 adult laboratory-confirmed chikungunya patients 3-16 months after diagnosis. We developed a novel tool, the Curaçao Long-Term Chikungunya Sequelae (CLTCS) score, to classify chronic chikungunya disease and estimate its burden regarding disease duration, clinical presentation, and impact on quality of life...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931210/long-noncoding-rna-pcat-1-promotes-invasion-and-metastasis-via-the-mir-129-5p-hmgb1-signaling-pathway-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#3
Deyuan Zhang, Jinyu Cao, Qingling Zhong, Liangtao Zeng, Chang Cai, Lang Lei, Wen Zhang, Fanrong Liu
OBJECTIVE: The long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) prostate cancer-associated transcript 1(PCAT-1) has been shown to be dysregulated and exert vital roles in tumorigenesis and progression of various malignancies. However, the precise molecular mechanism in the metastasis and invasion of HCC remain unclear. METHODS: The expression levels of PCAT1 derived from human HCC tissues and cell lines were analyzed through quantitative real-time PCR. QRT-PCR was also applied to detect the expression of HMGB1 and miR-129-5p...
September 16, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931167/the-cost-effectiveness-and-return-on-investment-of-a-combined-social-and-physical-environmental-intervention-in-office-employees
#4
J M van Dongen, J K Coffeng, M F van Wier, C R L Boot, I J M Hendriksen, W van Mechelen, P M Bongers, A J van der Beek, J E Bosmans, M W van Tulder
This study explored the cost-effectiveness and return-on-investment of a combined social and physical environmental worksite health promotion program compared with usual practice, and of both intervention conditions separately. Participants were randomized to the combined intervention (n = 92), social environmental intervention (n = 118), physical environmental intervention (n = 96), or control group (n = 106). The social environmental intervention consisted of group motivational interviewing and the physical environmental intervention of workplace modifications...
October 1, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931125/patients-with-mental-problems-the-most-defenseless-travellers
#5
Peter Felkai, Tamas Kurimay
Background: Severe mental illness occurring abroad is a difficult situation for patients, their families, and for the local medical community. Patients with mental problem are doublely stigmatized due to their mental illness and because they are foreigners in an unfamiliar country. The appropriate treatment is often delayed, while patients are often dealt with in a manner that violates their human rights. Moreover, repatriation - which is vital in this case - is often delayed due to the lack of international protocols for the transportation and treatment of mentally ill travelers...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930985/visualizing-angiogenesis-by-multiphoton-microscopy-in-vivo-in-genetically-modified-3d-plga-nhap-scaffold-for-calvarial-critical-bone-defect-repair
#6
Jian Li, Holger Jahr, Wei Zheng, Pei-Gen Ren
The reconstruction of critically sized bone defects remains a serious clinical problem because of poor angiogenesis within tissue-engineered scaffolds during repair, which gives rise to a lack of sufficient blood supply and causes necrosis of the new tissues. Rapid vascularization is a vital prerequisite for new tissue survival and integration with existing host tissue. The de novo generation of vasculature in scaffolds is one of the most important steps in making bone regeneration more efficient, allowing repairing tissue to grow into a scaffold...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930950/increased-mortality-in-trauma-patients-who-develop-postintubation-hypotension
#7
Robert S Green, Michael B Butler, Mete Erdogan
BACKGROUND: Postintubation hypotension (PIH) is common and associated with poor outcomes in critically ill patient populations requiring emergency endotracheal intubation (ETI). The importance of PIH in the trauma population remains unclear. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of PIH in trauma patients and assess the association of PIH with patient outcomes. METHODS: Retrospective case series of adult (≥16 years) patients who were intubated on arrival at a tertiary trauma center in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada, between 2000 and 2015...
October 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930851/an-analysis-of-foreign-body-ingestion-treatment-below-the-pylorus-in-children
#8
Wei Wu, Zhibao Lv, Weijue Xu, Jiangbin Liu, Qingfeng Sheng
We retrospectively studied records of patients who received conservative therapy or surgical operation for ingested foreign body (FB) located below the pylorus, and aimed to analyze the different treatment methods including prevention or operation of foreign bodies (FBs) when we found them in children of different age.The records of 16 patients (11 men and 5 women) who were hospitalized for FB ingestion between 2011 June and 2014 June were evaluated retrospectively. Mean age of the patients was 5.5 years (65...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930844/health-related-quality-of-life-assessment-in-surgical-patients-with-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma-a-single-center-analysis-from-mainland-china
#9
Juxiang Gou, Wenjie Cheng, Jianyong Lei, Qian Pan, Wei You, Ming Cai, Huairong Tang, Yali Lei, Zhihui Li, Rixiang Gong, Jinqiang Zhu
Even with a favorable prognosis, the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) patients remains unclear and conflicting. Thus, in the present study, we compared the HRQoL of PTC patients with that of the general population (GP).The study was performed in our thyroid and parathyroid surgery department, and 186 PTC patients who had undergone thyroidectomy were included. The exclusion criteria were an age < 18 years, no follow-up, and the presence of other malignant neoplasms...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930707/re-evaluating-the-ethics-of-uterine-transplantation
#10
Danish Zaidi
In February 2016, the Cleveland Clinic initiated the first attempt at cadaveric uterine transplantation (UTx) in the United States. The transplantation was ultimately unsuccessful, but it opened doors for further research on both live and cadaveric UTx. While initial strides toward successful transplantation have been made, questions persist on the ethics of UTx: whether the uterus is a vital organ, whether we should prioritize live or cadaveric options, and how the procedure should be covered by health insurance...
2017: Journal of Clinical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930594/lipid-metabolism-and-transport-define-longevity-of-the-yeast-saccharomyces-cerevisiae
#11
Darya Mitrofanova, Pamela Dakik, Melissa McAuley, Younes Medkour, Karamat Mohammad, Vladimir I Titorenko
Emergent evidence indicates that certain aspects of lipid synthesis, degradation and interorganellar transport play essential roles in modulating the pace of cellular aging in the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The molecular mechanisms underlying the vital roles of lipid metabolism and transport in defining yeast longevity have begun to emerge. The scope of this review is to critically analyze recent progress in understanding such mechanisms.
January 1, 2018: Frontiers in Bioscience (Landmark Edition)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930375/occupation-and-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-in-minsk-tractor-plant-workers
#12
Denis Vinnikov, Sergey Semizhon, Tatsyana Rybina, Ludmila Savich, Vicktor Scherbitsky, Igor Manichev
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to measure the association of exposure to dust at workplace with COPD using objective methods of exposure and outcome classification. METHODS: Forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1 ) to forced vital capacity (FVC) <70%; FVC below LLN, and FEV1 below LLN from the annual screening of Minsk Tractor Plant workers (N = 458) were tested for predictors in an adjusted logistic regression model. RESULTS: In a regression model, adjusted for pack-years of smoking, age, sex, and work duration, work in highly exposed workplaces was associated with FEV1 /FVC<70% (odds ratio (OR) 2...
September 20, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930373/venous-thromboembolism-in-obese-pregnant-women-approach-to-diagnosis-and-management
#13
Ann Kinga Malinowski, Dorota Bomba-Opoń, Jacqueline Parrish, Urszula Sarzyńska, Dan Farine
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) remains among the leading causes of maternal mortality in the developed world, presenting variably as deep vein thrombosis (DVT), pulmonary embolism (PE) or cerebral vein thrombosis (CVT), among others. Obesity in particular has been recognized as the principal contributing factor to the risk of VTE in pregnancy and with the global increase in the rates of obesity affecting reproductive age women, heightened awareness of the risk and consequences of VTE in this population are vital...
2017: Ginekologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930346/one-pot-solution-synthesis-of-shape-controlled-copper-selenide-nanostructures-and-their-potential-applications-in-photocatalysis-and-photothermal-therapy
#14
Xianwen Wang, Zhaohua Miao, Yan Ma, Huajian Chen, Haisheng Qian, Zhengbao Zha
Developing a facile and reliable method for the fabrication of transition metal chalcogenides is a vital and endless pursuit of scientific and technological disciplines. In this work, we develop a one-pot solution approach to obtain copper selenide nanostructures with different morphologies and crystal structures (Cu2Se nanoparticles, CuSe nanoplates and CuSe2 nanosheets). In comparison to previously reported methods, our method did not use expensive and very toxic raw materials. After detailed studies of reaction conditions, including temperature, reaction time, and feeding amount of surfactants and precursors, we found that the feeding ratio of precursors played a key role in the crystal structures and morphologies of the final products...
September 20, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930327/microscopic-rigidity-and-heterogeneity-of-ionic-liquids-probed-by-stochastic-molecular-librations-of-the-dissolved-nitroxides
#15
Mikhail Yu Ivanov, Olesya A Krumkacheva, Sergei A Dzuba, Matvey V Fedin
Microscopic molecular organization and heterogeneities in ionic liquids (ILs) are of significant fundamental and applied interest. Although many theoretical studies have been dedicated to this topic, the development of experimental methods for studying such heterogeneities is still in demand. In this work we propose a new approach for the characterization of microscopic rigidity and heterogeneities in ILs using stochastic librations (small angle motions) of the nitroxide radicals as a probe. Stable nitroxides are dissolved in ILs, which are then shock-frozen and investigated using pulse Electron Paramagnetic Resonance (EPR) at variable temperatures...
September 20, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930273/qigong-exercises-for-the-management-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#16
REVIEW
Amy L Putiri, Jacqueline R Close, Harold Ryan Lilly, Nathalie Guillaume, Guan-Cheng Sun
Background: The purpose of this article is to clarify and define medical qigong and to identify an appropriate study design and methodology for a large-scale study looking at the effects of qigong in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), specifically subject enrollment criteria, selection of the control group and study duration. Methods: A comprehensive literature review of English databases was used to locate articles from 1980-May 2017 involving qigong and T2DM. Control groups, subject criteria and the results of major diabetic markers were reviewed and compared within each study...
August 9, 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930006/fatal-rocky-mountain-spotted-fever-along-the-united-states-mexico-border-2013-2016
#17
Naomi A Drexler, Hayley Yaglom, Mariana Casal, Maria Fierro, Paula Kriner, Brian Murphy, Anne Kjemtrup, Christopher D Paddock
Rocky Mountain spotted fever (RMSF) is an emerging public health concern near the US-Mexico border, where it has resulted in thousands of cases and hundreds of deaths in the past decade. We identified 4 patients who had acquired RMSF in northern Mexico and subsequently died at US healthcare facilities. Two patients sought care in Mexico before being admitted to US-based hospitals. All patients initially had several nonspecific signs and symptoms, including fever, headache, nausea, vomiting, or myalgia, but deteriorated rapidly without receipt of a tetracycline-class antimicrobial drug...
October 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929891/la-haute-fiabilit%C3%A3-en-soins-de-sant%C3%A3-la-cr%C3%A3-ation-d-une-culture-et-d-une-mentalit%C3%A3-favorisant-la-s%C3%A3-curit%C3%A3-des-patients
#18
Bonnie S Cochrane, Mitch Hagins, Gino Picciano, John A King, David A Marshall, Brian Nelson, Craig Deao
Les préjudices que subissent les patients recevant des soins de santé représentent un fardeau considérable et peuvent avoir de graves répercussions sur les patients et les familles ainsi que sur la capacité des systèmes de santé de gérer l'accès des patients, leurs déplacements dans le système et les temps d'attente. L'intérêt pour la science de la haute fiabilité, mise au point à l'origine dans des secteurs comme l'aviation commerciale, qui ont un bilan exceptionnel en matière de sécurité, est une nouvelle tendance en soins de santé qui pourrait aider les organisations et les systèmes à atteindre le but ultime : zéro préjudice subi par les patients...
March 2017: Healthcare Management Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929881/high-reliability-in-healthcare-creating-the-culture-and-mindset-for-patient-safety
#19
Bonnie S Cochrane, Mitch Hagins, Gino Picciano, John A King, David A Marshall, Brian Nelson, Craig Deao
Occurrences of patient harm in healthcare represent a significant burden, with serious implications for patients and families and for the capacity of health systems to manage patient access, flow, and wait times. Interest in the science of high reliability, developed originally in industries such as commercial airlines that have demonstrated exceptional safety records, is an emerging trend in healthcare with the potential to help organizations and systems achieve the ultimate goal of zero patient harm. This article argues that zero patient harm is a fundamental imperative, and that high-reliability science can help to accelerate and sustain progress toward this vital goal...
March 2017: Healthcare Management Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929839/capturing-ecology-in-modeling-approaches-applied-to-environmental-risk-assessment-of-endocrine-active-chemicals-in-fish
#20
Kate S Mintram, A Ross Brown, Samuel K Maynard, Pernille Thorbek, Charles R Tyler
Endocrine active chemicals (EACs) are widespread in freshwater environments and both laboratory and field based studies have shown reproductive effects in fish at environmentally relevant exposures. Environmental risk assessment (ERA) seeks to protect wildlife populations and prospective assessments rely on extrapolation from individual-level effects established for laboratory fish species to populations of wild fish using arbitrary safety factors. Population susceptibility to chemical effects, however, depends on exposure risk, physiological susceptibility, and population resilience, each of which can differ widely between fish species...
September 20, 2017: Critical Reviews in Toxicology
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