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Predicted adult height

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223474/can-pediatric-hypertension-criteria-be-simplified-a-prediction-analysis-of-subclinical-cardiovascular-outcomes-from-the-bogalusa-heart-study
#1
Bo Xi, Tao Zhang, Shengxu Li, Emily Harville, Lydia Bazzano, Jiang He, Wei Chen
Prehypertension and hypertension in childhood are defined by sex-, age-, and height-specific 90th (or ≥120/80 mm Hg) and 95th percentiles of blood pressure, respectively, by the 2004 Fourth Report. However, these cutoffs are complex and cumbersome for use. This study assessed the performance of a simplified blood pressure definition to predict adult hypertension and subclinical cardiovascular disease. The cohort consisted of 1225 adults (530 men; aged 26.3-47.7 years) from the Bogalusa Heart Study with 27...
February 21, 2017: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219431/assessment-of-triglyceride-and-cholesterol-in-overweight-people-based-on-multiple-linear-regression-and-artificial-intelligence-model
#2
Jing Ma, Jiong Yu, Guangshu Hao, Dan Wang, Yanni Sun, Jianxin Lu, Hongcui Cao, Feiyan Lin
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of high hyperlipemia is increasing around the world. Our aims are to analyze the relationship of triglyceride (TG) and cholesterol (TC) with indexes of liver function and kidney function, and to develop a prediction model of TG, TC in overweight people. METHODS: A total of 302 adult healthy subjects and 273 overweight subjects were enrolled in this study. The levels of fasting indexes of TG (fs-TG), TC (fs-TC), blood glucose, liver function, and kidney function were measured and analyzed by correlation analysis and multiple linear regression (MRL)...
February 20, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219302/relations-between-quantitative-ultrasound-assessment-of-calcaneus-and-grip-and-key-pinch-power-in-japanese-mountain-village-residents
#3
Ayako Nagai, Tsuyoshi Tajika, Atsushi Yamamoto, Chisa Okura, Saeko Kanazawa, Kenji Takagishi
PURPOSE: It seems to be important to recognize bone health condition using a simple method in Japanese super-aged society. The aim of our study was to investigate whether grip and key pinch strength were associated with bone quality. METHODS: Medical examinations were conducted of 337 adult residents (123 men, 214 women; average age of 64.7 years) of a mountain village. Bilateral grip and key pinch strength were measured. The sound of speed (SOS) of calcaneus was assessed using an ultrasound bone densitometer...
January 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218067/melanocortin-4-receptor-gene-mutations-in-a-group-of-turkish-obese-children-and-adolescents
#4
Selma Tunç, Korcan Demir, Fatma Ajlan Tükün, Cihan Topal, Filiz Hazan, Burcu Sağlam, Özlem Nalbantoğlu, Melek Yıldız, Behzat Özkan
OBJECTIVE: Melanocortin-4 receptor (MC4R) mutations are the most common known cause of monogenic obesity but there is limited data regarding MC4R mutations in Turkish subjects. To determine the prevalence of MC4R mutations in a group of Turkish morbid obese children and adolescents. METHODS: MC4R was sequenced in 47 consecutive morbidly obese children and adolescents (28 girls and 19 boys, aged 1-18 years) who presented during a 1-year period. Inclusion criterion was a BMI ≥120% of the 95th percentile or ≥35 kg/m2...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207550/retrospective-analysis-of-vocal-cord-to-suprasternal-notch-distance-implications-for-preventing-endotracheal-tube-cuff-induced-vocal-cord-injury
#5
Hyerim Kim, Jee-Eun Chang, Jung-Hee Ryu, Haesun Jung, Seong-Won Min, Jung-Man Lee, Jin-Young Hwang
Endotracheal tube (ETT) positioning using the cuff ballottement test, which confirms that the inflated cuff is positioned at the suprasternal notch with squeezing or inflating a pilot balloon, has been reported to be a simple and reliable method of preventing endobronchial intubation. However, in patients with a short vocal cord-to-suprasternal notch, ETT placement using the cuff ballottement test can cause vocal cord injury. In the present study, we assessed the distance from a point 15 mm below the vocal cord to the suprasternal notch (VSD-15), the safe position for ETT cuff placement above the suprasternal notch, and investigated variables for predicting VSD-15...
February 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207416/are-aromatase-inhibitors-in-boys-with-predicted-short-stature-and-or-rapidly-advancing-bone-age-effective-and-safe
#6
Jessica A Ferris, Mitchell E Geffner
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess aromatase inhibitor (AI) efficacy in increasing predicted adult height (PAH) and to describe clinical and biochemical safety profiles of AI-treated boys. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted at an academic children's hospital endocrinology clinic. Twenty-one boys with predicted short stature and/or rapidly advancing bone age, divided as Tanner stage (TS) I-III Group 1 (G1, n=9) and TS IV-V Group 2 (G2, n=12), were treated with AIs, either letrozole or anastrozole (mean duration, G1: 2...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199042/global-effects-of-income-and-income-inequality-on-adult-height-and-sexual-dimorphism-in-height
#7
Barry Bogin, Christiane Scheffler, Michael Hermanussen
OBJECTIVES: Average adult height of a population is considered a biomarker of the quality of the health environment and economic conditions. The causal relationships between height and income inequality are not well understood. We analyze data from 169 countries for national average heights of men and women and national-level economic factors to test two hypotheses: (1) income inequality has a greater association with average adult height than does absolute income; and (2) neither income nor income inequality has an effect on sexual dimorphism in height...
February 15, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161899/weight-gender-and-depressive-symptoms-in-south-korea
#8
A A Brewis, S Y Han, C L SturtzSreetharan
OBJECTIVES: Obesity consistently predicts depression risk, but the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. Body concerns are proposed as key. South Korean society is characterized by extremely high levels of explicit weight stigma, possibly the highest globally. Using cross-sectional Korean 2014 National Health Examination Survey (KNHANES) data, we test this proposition in a nationally representative sample of South Korean adults (N = 5,632). METHODS: Depressive symptoms (outcome variable), was based on the PHQ-9...
February 5, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156600/association-between-abdominal-adiposity-muscle-mass-and-metabolic-syndrome-in-survivors-of-testicular-germ-cell-cancer
#9
William Osai, Shi-Ming Tu, Lance C Pagliaro, Jeri Kim, Sai-Ching J Yeung
: 250 Background: Testicular germ cell tumor survivors (TGCTSs) contend with treatment side effects for decades after cure, and many have metabolic syndrome (MTS), a modifiable cardiometabolic risk factor. Because reliably predicting MTS could prompt interventionreducing risk, we analyzed clinical data and body composition in computed tomography (CT) scans to identify associations. METHODS: In a retrospective review of 196 TGCTSs treated at a single institution from 1970 to 2007, we collected patient (pt) demographics, clinical data, body fat composition measures, and evidence from CT scans from baseline through posttreatment...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145740/adaptive-alterations-in-shoulder-range-of-motion-and-strength-in-young-tennis-players
#10
Benoit Gillet, Mickaël Begon, Violaine Sevrez, Christian Berger-Vachon, Isabelle Rogowski
CONTEXT:  Playing tennis requires unilateral and intensive movement of the upper limb, which may lead to functional adaptations of the shoulder and an increased injury risk. Identifying which athletes will be future elite tennis players starts at 5 to 6 years of age. Therefore, highly skilled players practice intensively in their childhood. However, whether these functional changes occur during the prepubertal years has not been established. OBJECTIVES:  To assess changes in glenohumeral-joint-rotation range of motion and strength of the shoulder-complex muscles in prepubertal elite tennis players...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143963/londrina-activities-of-daily-living-protocol-reproducibility-validity-and-reference-values-in-physically-independent-adults-age-50-years-and-older
#11
Thaís Paes, Letícia Fernandes Belo, Diego Rodrigues da Silva, Andrea Akemi Morita, Leila Donária, Karina Couto Furlanetto, Thaís Sant'Anna, Fabio Pitta, Nidia Aparecida Hernandes
BACKGROUND: It is important to assess activities of daily living (ADL) in older adults due to impairment of independence and quality of life. However, there is no objective and standardized protocol available to assess this outcome. Thus, the aim of this study was to verify the reproducibility and validity of a new protocol for ADL assessment applied in physically independent adults age ≥50 y, the Londrina ADL protocol, and to establish an equation to predict reference values of the Londrina ADL protocol...
January 31, 2017: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130688/akipredictor-an-online-prognostic-calculator-for-acute-kidney-injury-in-adult-critically-ill-patients-development-validation-and-comparison-to-serum-neutrophil-gelatinase-associated-lipocalin
#12
Marine Flechet, Fabian Güiza, Miet Schetz, Pieter Wouters, Ilse Vanhorebeek, Inge Derese, Jan Gunst, Isabel Spriet, Michaël Casaer, Greet Van den Berghe, Geert Meyfroidt
PURPOSE: Early diagnosis of acute kidney injury (AKI) remains a major challenge. We developed and validated AKI prediction models in adult ICU patients and made these models available via an online prognostic calculator. We compared predictive performance against serum neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) levels at ICU admission. METHODS: Analysis of the large multicenter EPaNIC database. Model development (n = 2123) and validation (n = 2367) were based on clinical information available (1) before and (2) upon ICU admission, (3) after 1 day in ICU and (4) including additional monitoring data from the first 24 h...
January 27, 2017: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122128/an-8-item-short-form-of-the-eating-disorder-examination-questionnaire-adapted-for-children-chede-q8
#13
Sören Kliem, Ricarda Schmidt, Mandy Vogel, Andreas Hiemisch, Wieland Kiess, Anja Hilbert
Eating disturbances are common in children placing a vulnerable group of them at risk for full-syndrome eating disorders and adverse health outcomes. To provide a valid self-report assessment of eating disorder psychopathology in children, a short form of the child version of the Eating Disorder Examination (ChEDE-Q) was psychometrically evaluated. Similar to the EDE-Q, the ChEDE-Q provides assessment of eating disorder psychopathology related to anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and binge-eating disorder; however, the ChEDE-Q does not assess symptoms of avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder, pica, or rumination disorder...
January 25, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110468/effects-of-breakfast-eating-and-eating-frequency-on-body-mass-index-and-weight-loss-outcomes-in-adults-enrolled-in-an-obesity-treatment-program
#14
Maureen Megson, Rena Wing, Tricia M Leahey
This study examined the effects of breakfast eating and eating frequency on objectively assessed BMI and weight loss outcomes among adults enrolled in obesity treatment. Participants completed measures of breakfast eating and eating frequency before and after treatment and had their height and weight measured. Baseline breakfast eating and eating frequency were not associated with baseline BMI (p = .34, p = .45, respectively) and did not predict weight loss during treatment (p = .36, p = .58, respectively)...
January 21, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089986/estimating-glomerular-filtration-rate-for-the-full-age-spectrum-from-serum-creatinine-and-cystatin-c
#15
Hans Pottel, Pierre Delanaye, Elke Schaeffner, Laurence Dubourg, Bjørn Odvar Eriksen, Toralf Melsom, Edmund J Lamb, Andrew D Rule, Stephen T Turner, Richard J Glassock, Vandréa De Souza, Luciano Selistre, Karolien Goffin, Steven Pauwels, Christophe Mariat, Martin Flamant, Natalie Ebert
BACKGROUND: We recently published and validated the new serum creatinine (Scr)-based full-age-spectrum equation (FAScrea) for estimating the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) for healthy and kidney-diseased subjects of all ages. The equation was based on the concept of normalized Scr and shows equivalent to superior prediction performance to the currently recommended equations for children, adolescents, adults and older adults. METHODS: Based on an evaluation of the serum cystatin C (ScysC) distribution, we defined normalization constants for ScysC (QcysC = 0...
January 15, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071868/development-and-validation-of-two-equations-based-on-anthropometry-estimating-body-fat-for-the-greek-adult-population
#16
Spyridon Kanellakis, Efstathios Skoufas, Vladlena Khudokonenko, Eftychia Apostolidou, Loukia Gerakiti, Maria-Chrysi Andrioti, Evangelia Bountouvi, Yannis Manios
OBJECTIVE: To validate anthropometric equations in the current literature predicting body fat percentage (%BF) in the Greek population, to develop and validate two anthropometric equations estimating %BF, and to compare them with the retrieved equations. METHODS: Anthropometric data from 642 Greek adults were incorporated. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry was used as reference method. The comparison with other equations was made using Bland-Altman analysis, intraclass correlation coefficient, and Lin's concordance correlation coefficient...
January 10, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047472/su-g-206-12-the-correlation-between-table-height-and-patient-size-in-ct-a-simple-way-to-properly-position-patients
#17
T Szczykutowicz, E Janssen-Saldivar, D Miller, A Malkus
PURPOSE: Proper patient positioning is essential in CT to ensure automatic exposure control functions properly, noise uniformity, and CT number uniformity. This work describes how table height can be used as a surrogate for proper patient positioning and motivates incorporating table height recommendations as a function of patient size into technologist training programs. METHODS: Scan data were acquired from 551 adult and pediatric patients under IRB approval. The table height, mean anterior-posterior patient dimension, and mean lateral patient dimension were calculated for each patient...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046186/principal-component-analysis-of-breeding-values-for-growth-and-reproductive-traits-and-genetic-association-with-adult-size-in-beef-cattle
#18
A A Boligon, I S Vicente, R Z Vaz, G S Campos, F R P Souza, R Carvalheiro, L G Albuquerque
Principal component analysis was applied to evaluate the variability and relationships among univariate breeding values predicted for 9 weaning and yearling traits, as well as suggest functions of the traits that would promote a particular breeding objective. Phenotypic and pedigree information from 600,132 Nelore animals was used. Genetic parameters and breeding values were obtained from univariate analyses of birth to weaning weight gain; weaning to yearling weight gain; conformation, finishing precocity, and muscling scores at weaning and at yearling; and yearling scrotal circumference...
December 2016: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033125/validity-of-bmi-based-body-fat-equations-in-men-and-women-a-four-compartment-model-comparison
#19
Brett S Nickerson, Michael R Esco, Phillip A Bishop, Michael V Fedewa, Ronald L Snarr, Brian M Kliszczewicz, Kyung-Shin Park
The purpose of this study was to compare body mass index (BMI)-based body fat percentage (BF%) equations and skinfolds to a four-compartment (4C) model in men and women. One hundred and thirty adults (63 women and 67 men) volunteered to participate (age = 23±5 years). BMI was calculated as weight (kg) divided by height squared (m). BF% was predicted with the BMI-based equations of Jackson et al. (BMIJA), Deurenberg et al. (BMIDE), Gallagher et al. (BMIGA), Zanovec et al. (BMIZA), Womersley and Durnin (BMIWO) and from 7-site skinfolds using the generalized skinfold equation of Jackson et al...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003027/lifetime-body-size-and-estrogen-receptor-positive-breast-cancer-risk-in-the-california-teachers-study-cohort
#20
Pamela L Horn-Ross, Alison J Canchola, Leslie Bernstein, Susan L Neuhausen, David O Nelson, Peggy Reynolds
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a public health epidemic and an important breast cancer risk factor. The relationship between interrelated body measurements is complex and most studies fail to account for this complexity. We identified key aspects of body size which jointly, over the life-course (since adolescence), are associated with estrogen-receptor-positive (ER+) breast cancer risk. METHODS: Among 109,862 women participating in the California Teachers Study cohort, 3844 were diagnosed with invasive ER+ breast cancer between 1997-1998 and December 2011...
December 21, 2016: Breast Cancer Research: BCR
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