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Predicted adult height

Aletta Schutte
Cardiovascular risk prediction has developed significantly during recent years, as cardiovascular disease prevention guidelines recommend risk scores to identify patients at high and low risk. Where novel biomarkers were identified in recent years, it is simply impractical and expensive to perform laboratory testing as part of screening for non-communicable diseases in low- and middle-income countries. As part of a broader consortium we compared the ranking performance of a simple, non-laboratory-based risk score to laboratory-based scores in various South African populations...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Eralda Hegendörfer, Bert Vaes, Elena Andreeva, Catharina Matheï, Gijs Van Pottelbergh, Jean-Marie Degryse
OBJECTIVES: Forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) is proposed as a marker of healthy ageing and FEV1 expressions that are independent of reference values have been reported to be better at predicting mortality in older adults. We assess and compare the predictive value of different FEV1 expressions for mortality, hospitalization, and physical and mental decline in adults aged 80 and older. DESIGN: Population-based, prospective, cohort study. SETTING: The BELFRAIL study, Belgium...
October 14, 2016: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
Hani Ibrahim Taman, Ahmed Mohamed Farid, Waleed Mohamed Abdelghaffar
BACKGROUND: Lumbar puncture is a difficult medical skill and is used for administering subarachnoid anesthetic medications. Estimation of skin to subarachnoid space depth (SSD) helps to reduce post spinal anesthetic complications. AIMS: To measure the SDD in overall Egyptian population and to find a formula for predicting SSD in Egyptian patients. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Four hundred patients of American Society of Anesthesiologist class I and II adult Egyptian patients undergoing surgery using spinal anesthesia in general and obstetric surgery unit, Mansoura University main hospital, were included in this prospective, observational study...
September 2016: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
Christopher McKee, Dmitry Tumin, Don Hayes, Joseph D Tobias
Adults, older children, and adolescent patients with a BMI categorized as overweight or obese have decreased survival after HTx. Anthropometric correlates of survival after HTx in infants have not been well defined. In a retrospective analysis of the UNOS registry, patients age 0-24 months were classified according to the WHO height-for-age and weight-for-age norms, as well as arbitrary BMI-for-age percentiles. Outcomes of 1-year survival, conditional long-term survival, and cause-specific mortality were examined...
October 13, 2016: Pediatric Transplantation
Gilad Twig, Amir Tirosh, Adi Leiba, Hagai Levine, Dana Ben-Ami Shor, Estela Derazne, Ziona Haklai, Nehama Goldberger, Michal Kasher-Meron, Dror Yifrach, Hertzel C Gerstein, Jeremy D Kark
OBJECTIVE: The sequelae of increasing childhood obesity are of major concern. We assessed the association of BMI in late adolescence with diabetes mortality in midlife. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: The BMI values of 2,294,139 Israeli adolescents (age 17.4 ± 0.3 years), measured between 1967 and 2010, were grouped by US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention age/sex percentiles and by ordinary BMI values. The outcome, obtained by linkage with official national records, was death attributed to diabetes mellitus (DM) as the underlying cause...
October 12, 2016: Diabetes Care
Anika Frühauf, Martin Burtscher, Elena Pocecco, Martin Faulhaber, Martin Kopp
PURPOSE: There is an ongoing discussion how to assess acute mountain sickness (AMS) in real life conditions. Next to more-item scales with a cut off like the Lake Louise Self-Report (LLS), some authors suggested to use visual analog scales (VAS) to assess AMS. This study tried to contribute to this question using VAS items used for the Subjective Ratings of Drug Effects, including an additional single item for AMS. Furthermore, we investigated if instruments developed to assess psychological well-being might predict AMS assessed via LLS or VAS...
2016: SpringerPlus
Xubo Shen, Ruifeng Wang, Na Yu, Yongjun Shi, Honggang Li, Chengliang Xiong, Yan Li, Ellen M Wells, Yuanzhong Zhou
Decreased total testosterone (TT) is the recommended metric to identify age-related hypogonadism. However, average TT and the extent to which it varies by age, can vary substantially among different populations. Population-specific reference ranges are needed to understand normal versus abnormal TT levels. Therefore, the goal for this study was to describe androgen concentrations and their correlates among Western Chinese men. We completed a population-based, cross-sectional study including 227 young adults (YA) (20-39 years) and 939 older adults (OA) (40-89 years)...
2016: PloS One
H Sadhna, R Harris, J L Miles-Chan, S Yves, M Jean-Pierre, J Noorjehan, A G Dulloo
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Global estimates of overweight and obesity prevalence are based upon the World Health Organisation (WHO) body mass index (BMI) cut-off values of 25 and 30 kg/m(2), respectively. To validate these BMI cut-offs for adiposity in the island population of Mauritius, we assessed the relationship between BMI and measured body fat mass in this population according to gender and ethnicity. METHODS: In 175 young adult Mauritians (age 20-42 years) belonging to the two main ethnic groups-Indians (South Asian descent) and Creoles (African/Malagasy descent), body weight, height and waist circumference (WC) were measured, total body fat assessed by Deuterium oxide (D2O) dilution, and trunk (abdominal) fat by segmental bioimpedance analysis...
October 4, 2016: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
Lesley L Moisey, Marina Mourtzakis, Rosemary A Kozar, Charlene Compher, Daren K Heyland
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Lean body mass (LBM), quantified using computed tomography (CT), is a significant predictor of clinical outcomes in the critically ill. While CT analysis is precise and accurate in measuring body composition, it may not be practical or readily accessible to all patients in the intensive care unit (ICU). Here, we assessed the agreement between LBM measured by CT and four previously developed equations that predict LBM using variables (i.e. age, sex, weight, height) commonly recorded in the ICU...
September 23, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Vitor H Pereira, Patrício S Costa, Nadine C Santos, Pedro G Cunha, Margarida Correia-Neves, Joana A Palha, Nuno Sousa
Background: Adult height, weight, and adiposity measures have been suggested by some studies to be predictors of depression, cognitive impairment, and dementia. However, the presence of confounding factors and the lack of a thorough neuropsychological evaluation in many of these studies have precluded a definitive conclusion about the influence of anthropometric measures in cognition and depression. In this study we aimed to assess the value of height, weight, and abdominal perimeter to predict cognitive impairment and depressive symptoms in aged individuals...
2016: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
Martin Nilsson, Joel Eriksson, Berit Larsson, Anders Odén, Helena Johansson, Mattias Lorentzon
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the role of a fall risk assessment, using the Downton Fall Risk Index (DFRI), in predicting fall-related injury, fall-related head injury and hip fracture, and death, in a large cohort of older women and men residing in Sweden. DESIGN: Cross sectional observational study. SETTING: Sweden. PARTICIPANTS: Older adults (mean age 82.4 ± 7.8) who had a fall risk assessment using the DFRI at baseline (N = 128,596)...
September 30, 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Madhumita Bonnie Ghosh-Dastidar, Ann C Haas, Nancy Nicosia, Ashlesha Datar
BACKGROUND: Errors in reported height and weight raise concerns about body mass index (BMI) and obesity estimates obtained from self or proxy reports. Researchers have corrected BMI using linear statistical models, primarily with adult samples. We compared the accuracy of BMI correction in children for models that included child or parent reports versus both reports, and models that separately predicted height and weight compared to a single model for BMI. METHODS: Height and weight from child reports, parent reports, and objective measurements for 475 children participating in the Military Teenagers' Environment, Exercise and Nutrition Study were analyzed...
2016: BMC Obesity
Aletta Schutte
Cardiovascular risk prediction has developed significantly during recent years, as cardiovascular disease prevention guidelines recommend risk scores to identify patients at high and low risk. Where novel biomarkers were identified in recent years, it is simply impractical and expensive to perform laboratory testing as part of screening for non-communicable diseases in low- and middle-income countries. As part of a broader consortium we compared the ranking performance of a simple, non-laboratory-based risk score to laboratory-based scores in various South African populations...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Denise L Demmer, Lawrence J Beilin, Beth Hands, Sally Burrows, Craig E Pennell, Stephen J Lye, Jennifer A Mountain, Trevor A Mori
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Assessment of adiposity using dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) has been considered more advantageous in comparison to anthropometry for predicting cardio-metabolic risk in the older population, by virtue of its ability to distinguish total and regional fat. Nonetheless, there is increasing uncertainty regarding the relative superiority of DXA and little comparative data exist in young adults. This study aimed to identify which measure of adiposity determined by either DXA or anthropometry is optimal within a range of cardio-metabolic risk factors in young adults...
2016: PloS One
Katie A Meyer, David K Guilkey, Hsiao-Chuen Tien, Catarina I Kiefe, Barry M Popkin, Penny Gordon-Larsen
We used full-system-estimation instrumental-variables simultaneous equations modeling (IV-SEM) to examine physical activity relative to body mass index (BMI; weight (kg)/height (m)(2)) using 25 years of data (1985/1986 to 2010/2011) from the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study (n = 5,115; ages 18-30 years at enrollment). Neighborhood environment and sociodemographic instruments were used to characterize physical activity, fast-food consumption, smoking, alcohol consumption, marriage, and childbearing (women) and to predict BMI using semiparametric full-information maximum likelihood estimation to control for unobserved time-invariant and time-varying residual confounding and differential measurement error through model-derived discrete random effects...
September 15, 2016: American Journal of Epidemiology
Saartje Straetemans, Jean De Schepper, Muriel Thomas, Franciska Verlinde, Raoul Rooman
BACKGROUND/AIM: To validate prediction models for near final adult height (nFAH) by Ranke et al. [Horm Res Paediatr 2013;79:51-67]. METHODS: Height data of 127 (82 male) idiopathic growth hormone (GH)-deficient children, treated with GH until nFAH, were retrieved from the database of the Belgian Society for Pediatric Endocrinology and Diabetology (BESPEED). nFAH was predicted after first-year GH treatment, applying prediction models by Ranke et al. Bland-Altman plots and Clarke error grid analyses were performed to assess clinical significance of the differences between observed and predicted nFAH...
September 6, 2016: Hormone Research in Pædiatrics
Nikhil K Khankari, Xiao-Ou Shu, Wanqing Wen, Peter Kraft, Sara Lindström, Ulrike Peters, Joellen Schildkraut, Fredrick Schumacher, Paolo Bofetta, Angela Risch, Heike Bickeböller, Christopher I Amos, Douglas Easton, Rosalind A Eeles, Stephen B Gruber, Christopher A Haiman, David J Hunter, Stephen J Chanock, Brandon L Pierce, Wei Zheng
BACKGROUND: Observational studies examining associations between adult height and risk of colorectal, prostate, and lung cancers have generated mixed results. We conducted meta-analyses using data from prospective cohort studies and further carried out Mendelian randomization analyses, using height-associated genetic variants identified in a genome-wide association study (GWAS), to evaluate the association of adult height with these cancers. METHODS AND FINDINGS: A systematic review of prospective studies was conducted using the PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science databases...
September 2016: PLoS Medicine
Katherine M Morrison, Laura Ramsingh, Elizabeth Gunn, David Streiner, Ryan Van Lieshout, Michael Boyle, Hertzel Gerstein, Louis Schmidt, Saroj Saigal
BACKGROUND: Young adults born with extreme prematurity have increased blood pressure and insulin resistance. This study documents their metabolic health as they enter their fourth decade of life. The study objective was to compare body composition, glycemia, lipid levels, and blood pressure in adults born with extremely low birth weight (ELBW) versus age- and sex- matched normal birth weight (NBW) control subjects and to examine related previous and current exposures. METHODS: The study examines one of the oldest regionally representative cohorts of ELBW subjects (birth weight <1 kg) and NBW individuals born between 1977 and 1982...
September 2, 2016: Pediatrics
Lisa Schweitzer, Corinna Geisler, Maryam Pourhassan, Wiebke Braun, Claus-Christian Glüer, Anja Bosy-Westphal, Manfred J Müller
BACKGROUND: Assessing skeletal muscle (SM) and visceral adipose tissue (VAT) by a single MRI slice at lumbar vertebra (L) 3 can replace whole-body MRI in young and middle-aged adults. However, this technique has not been proven in older adults. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this analysis was to reinvestigate the best estimate for SM and VAT in an independent population of healthy elderly people. METHODS: SM and VAT were assessed by whole-body MRI in 84 subjects ≥60 y [45 men; mean ± SD age: 68...
October 2016: Journal of Nutrition
Stefan G Camps, Nan Xin Wang, Wei Shuan Kimberly Tan, C Jeyakumar Henry
BACKGROUND: Measurement of basal metabolic rate (BMR) is suggested as a tool to estimate energy requirements. Therefore, BMR prediction equations have been developed in multiple populations because indirect calorimetry is not always feasible. However, there is a paucity of data on BMR measured in overweight and obese adults living in Asia and equations developed for this group of interest. The aim of this study was to develop a new BMR prediction equation for Chinese adults applicable for a large BMI range and compare it with commonly used prediction equations...
2016: Nutrition Journal
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