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Predicted adult height

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149652/estimation-of-stature-from-hand-and-handprint-measurements-in-iban-population-in-sarawak-malaysia-and-its-applications-in-forensic-investigation
#1
Nuranis-Raihan Zulkifly, Roswanira Abd Wahab, Elizabeth Layang, Dzulkiflee Ismail, Wan Nur Syuhaila Mat Desa, Salina Hisham, Naji A Mahat
Handprints and dismembered hands are commonly found during crime scene investigations and disaster victim identifications, respectively. It has been indicated that the accuracy of handprint and hand measurements for estimating stature maybe population specific. Since Iban is the largest ethnic population in Sarawak, Malaysia and because the application of anthropometry of hand and handprint within this population as well as other populations within the Southeast Asian countries remain unreported, this present study that investigated the reliability and accuracy of these two anthropometric aspects acquires forensic significance...
October 31, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144249/effect-of-antiandrogen-aromatase-inhibitor-and-gonadotropin-releasing-hormone-analog-on-adult-height-in-familial-male-precocious-puberty
#2
Ellen Werber Leschek, Armando C Flor, Joy C Bryant, Janet V Jones, Kevin M Barnes, Gordon B Cutler
OBJECTIVE: Antiandrogen, aromatase inhibitor, and gonadotropin-releasing hormone analog (GnRHa) treatment normalizes growth rate and bone maturation and increases predicted adult height (AH) in boys with familial male-limited precocious puberty (FMPP). To evaluate the effect of long-term antiandrogen, aromatase inhibitor, and GnRHa on AH, boys with FMPP who were treated were followed to AH. STUDY DESIGN: Twenty-eight boys with FMPP, referred to the National Institutes of Health, were started on antiandrogen and aromatase inhibitor at 4...
November 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143718/prediction-of-a-new-body-shape-index-and-body-adiposity-estimator-for-development-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-the-rural-chinese-cohort-study
#3
Chengyi Han, Yu Liu, Xizhuo Sun, Xinping Luo, Lu Zhang, Bingyuan Wang, Yongcheng Ren, Junmei Zhou, Yang Zhao, Dongdong Zhang, Xuejiao Liu, Ming Zhang, Dongsheng Hu
To compare the ability of a body shape index (ABSI) and body adiposity estimator (BAE) to BMI, waist circumference (WC) and waist:height ratio (WHtR) for predicting development of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in rural adult Chinese. The prospective cohort study included 11 687 eligible participants who were free of T2DM at baseline. The risk of new-onset T2DM for ABSI, BAE, BMI, WC and WHtR quintiles was estimated by Cox proportional-hazards regression at follow-up. We also compared the power of ABSI and BAE to BMI, WC and WHtR for predicting the development of T2DM...
November 16, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133641/simultaneous-use-of-amniotic-membrane-and-mitomycin-c-in-trabeculectomy-for-primary-glaucoma
#4
Usha Yadava, Kirti Jaisingh, Sonal Dangda, Prolima Thacker, Kirti Singh, Yashpal Goel
PURPOSE: This study aimed to propose the role of amniotic membrane transplantation (AMT) as an additional modulator in primary Mitomycin C (MMC)-augmented trabeculectomy. METHODS: This was a randomized prospective interventional study. Forty eyes of 39 adult patients with uncontrolled primary glaucoma were randomly divided into two equal groups. Control group underwent trabeculectomy augmented with MMC while the study group underwent additional AMT. Patients were followed up for 12 months and outcomes measured were intraocular pressure (IOP), need for additional intervention, and bleb morphology...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121402/incorporating-functional-genomic-information-to-enhance-polygenic-signal-and-identify-variants-involved-in-gene-by-environment-interaction-for-young-adult-alcohol-problems
#5
Jessica E Salvatore, Jeanne E Savage, Peter Barr, Aaron R Wolen, Fazil Aliev, Eero Vuoksimaa, Antti Latvala, Lea Pulkkinen, Richard J Rose, Jaakko Kaprio, Danielle M Dick
BACKGROUND: Characterizing aggregate genetic risk for alcohol misuse and identifying variants involved in gene-by-environment interaction (G×E) effects has so far been a major challenge. We hypothesized that functional genomic information could be used to enhance detection of polygenic signal underlying alcohol misuse, and to prioritize identification of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) most likely to exhibit G×E effects. METHODS: We examined these questions in the young adult FinnTwin12 sample (n=1170)...
November 9, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110742/development-and-validation-of-anthropometric-prediction-equations-for-lean-body-mass-fat-mass-and-percent-fat-in-adults-using-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-nhanes-1999-2006
#6
Dong Hoon Lee, NaNa Keum, Frank B Hu, E John Orav, Eric B Rimm, Qi Sun, Walter C Willett, Edward L Giovannucci
Quantification of lean body mass and fat mass can provide important insight into epidemiological research. However, there is no consensus on generalisable anthropometric prediction equations to validly estimate body composition. We aimed to develop and validate practical anthropometric prediction equations for lean body mass, fat mass and percent fat in adults (men, n 7531; women, n 6534) from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1999-2006. Using a prediction sample, we predicted each of dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA)-measured lean body mass, fat mass and percent fat based on different combinations of anthropometric measures...
November 7, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108814/waist-to-height-ratio-and-sedentary-lifestyle-as-predictors-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-children-in-ecuador
#7
F Aguirre P, A Coca, M F Aguirre, G Celis
OBJECTIVE: To determine the predictors and prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MS) and the presence of vascular inflammation in apparently-normal children (10-15 years) of both sexes in Guayaquil, Ecuador. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: We included 395 apparently-healthy students from a middle-income school in a cross-sectional survey. Informed consent was obtained from students and parents. Anthropometric measurements including blood pressure (BP), body mass index (BMI) and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR), and blood tests were recorded...
November 3, 2017: Hipertensión y Riesgo Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103322/prehypertension-and-high-serum-uric-acid-increase-risk-of-arterial-stiffness
#8
Piyanuch Thitiwuthikiat, Duangduan Siriwittayawan, Teonchit Nuamchit
Prehypertension and serum uric acid are emerging as independent risk factors for arterial stiffness and may also predict cardiovascular diseases. Previous studies have demonstrated the association between serum uric acid and arterial stiffness in hypertensive adults, but there are limited studies in prehypertensive adults. We compared the serum uric acid (SUA) and cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) between normotensive and prehypertensive participants. The association between SUA, prehypertension and CAVI were investigated...
November 6, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089206/pre-burn-malnutrition-increases-operative-mortality-in-burn-patients-who-undergo-early-excision-and-grafting-in-a-sub-saharan-african-burn-unit
#9
Joana Grudziak, Carolyn Snock, Tiyamike Zalinga, Wone Banda, Jared Gallaher, Laura Purcell, Bruce Cairns, Anthony Charles
INTRODUCTION: In the developed world, pre-existing malnutrition in the burn population influences operative outcomes. However, studies on pre-existing malnutrition and operative outcomes of burn patients in the developing world are lacking. We therefore sought to characterize the burn injury outcomes following operative intervention based on nutritional status. METHODS: This is a retrospective review of operative patients admitted to our burn unit from July 2011 to May 2016...
October 28, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078073/detailed-assessment-of-pedestrian-ground-contact-injuries-observed-from-in-depth-accident-data
#10
Shi Shang, Dietmar Otte, Guibing Li, Ciaran Simms
Most pedestrians struck by vehicles receive injuries from contact with the vehicle and also from the subsequent ground contact. However, ground related pedestrian injuries have received little focus. This paper uses 1221 German pedestrian collision cases occurring between 2000 and 2015 to assess the distribution and risk factors for pedestrian ground related injuries. Results show that for MAIS 2, the ground accounted for 24% of cases, for MAIS 3 the ground accounted for 20% of cases and for MAIS 4-5, the ground accounted for 14% of cases...
October 24, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073535/rate-of-low-tidal-volume-ventilation-use-remains-low-in-patients-with-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-despite-improvement-efforts-at-a-single-center
#11
Laura J Spece, Kristina H Mitchell, Ellen S Caldwell, Stephanie J Gundel, Sarah E Jolley, Catherine L Hough
PURPOSE: Low tidal volume ventilation (LTVV) reduces mortality in acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) patients. Understanding local barriers to LTVV use at a former ARDS Network hospital may provide new insight to improve LTVV implementation. METHODS: A cohort of 214 randomly selected adults met the Berlin definition of ARDS at Harborview Medical Center between 2008 and 2012. The primary outcome was the receipt of LTVV (tidal volume of ≤6.5mL/kg predicted body weight) within 48h of ARDS onset...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063505/control-beliefs-are-associated-with-preserved-memory-function-in-the-face-of-low-hippocampal-volume-among-diverse-older-adults
#12
Laura B Zahodne, Nicole Schupf, Adam M Brickman
Growing evidence supports a link between locus of control and memory in older adults. Control beliefs may directly predict larger hippocampal volume (i.e., brain maintenance). Alternatively, control beliefs may be associated with smaller hippocampal volume at any given level of memory (i.e., cognitive reserve). Multivariable regression analyses examined associations between verbal episodic memory, locus of control and hippocampal volume among 236 non-demented older adults in the community-based Washington Heights-Inwood Columbia Aging Project...
October 23, 2017: Brain Imaging and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062099/a-novel-visceral-adiposity-index-for-prediction-of-type-2-diabetes-and-pre-diabetes-in-chinese-adults-a-5-year-prospective-study
#13
Jinshan Wu, Lilin Gong, Qifu Li, Jinbo Hu, Shuping Zhang, Yue Wang, Huang Zhou, Shuming Yang, Zhihong Wang
The Chinese visceral adiposity index (CVAI) is a recently developed indicator of visceral adiposity. We investigated the predictive value of the CVAI for the development of dysglycemia (pre-diabetes and type 2 diabetes) and compared its predictive power with that of the Visceral adiposity index (VAI) and various anthropometric indices. This community-based study included 2,383 participants. We assessed the predictive power of adiposity indices by performing univariate and multivariate binary logistic regression analysis and calculating the area under the receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curve according to their quartiles...
October 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047376/women-s-education-level-amplifies-the-effects-of-a-livelihoods-based-intervention-on-household-wealth-child-diet-and-child-growth-in-rural-nepal
#14
Laurie C Miller, Neena Joshi, Mahendra Lohani, Beatrice Rogers, Shubh Mahato, Shibani Ghosh, Patrick Webb
BACKGROUND: Many organizations seek to alleviate poverty in the developing world, often focusing their interventions on women. The role, status, and education of women are fundamentally important facets of development. Thus, understanding the interaction of women's educational level and the response to interventions is important. Therefore, we examined the impact of educational level of household adults on responses to a livestock-based community intervention. METHODS: Six pair-matched communities in 3 districts of Nepal (Chitwan/Nawalparasi/Nuwakot), were randomly assigned to receive community development activities via women's self-help groups at baseline or 1 year later...
October 18, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040272/woody-lianas-increase-in-dominance-and-maintain-compositional-integrity-across-an-amazonian-dam-induced-fragmented-landscape
#15
Isabel L Jones, Carlos A Peres, Maíra Benchimol, Lynsey Bunnefeld, Daisy H Dent
Tropical forest fragmentation creates insular biological communities that undergo species loss and changes in community composition over time, due to area- and edge-effects. Woody lianas thrive in degraded and secondary forests, due to their competitive advantage over trees in these habitats. Lianas compete both directly and indirectly with trees, increasing tree mortality and turnover. Despite our growing understanding of liana-tree dynamics, we lack detailed knowledge of the assemblage-level responses of lianas themselves to fragmentation, particularly in evergreen tropical forests...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030385/long-term-follow-up-after-bilateral-percutaneous-epiphysiodesis-around-the-knee-to-reduce-excessive-predicted-final-height
#16
Wesley J Goedegebuure, Frank Jonkers, Annemieke M Boot, Willie M Bakker-van Waarde, Vera van Tellingen, Minne Heeg, Roelof J Odink, Florens van Douveren, Arnold T Besselaar, Marieke C van der Steen
CONTEXT: Percutaneous epiphysiodesis (PE) around the knee to reduce predicted excessive final height. Studies until now included small numbers of patients and short follow-up periods. OBJECTIVE AND DESIGN: This Dutch multicentre, long-term, retrospective, follow-up study aimed to assess adult height (AH), complications, knee function and patient satisfaction after PE. The primary hypothesis was that PE around the knee in constitutionally tall boys and girls is an effective treatment for reducing final height with low complication rates and a high level of patient satisfaction...
October 13, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028834/validation-of-a-theoretically-motivated-approach-to-measuring-childhood-socioeconomic-circumstances-in-the-health-and-retirement-study
#17
Anusha M Vable, Paola Gilsanz, Thu T Nguyen, Ichiro Kawachi, M Maria Glymour
Childhood socioeconomic status (cSES) is a powerful predictor of adult health, but its operationalization and measurement varies across studies. Using Health and Retirement Study data (HRS, which is nationally representative of community-residing United States adults aged 50+ years), we specified theoretically-motivated cSES measures, evaluated their reliability and validity, and compared their performance to other cSES indices. HRS respondent data (N = 31,169, interviewed 1992-2010) were used to construct a cSES index reflecting childhood social capital (cSC), childhood financial capital (cFC), and childhood human capital (cHC), using retrospective reports from when the respondent was <16 years (at least 34 years prior)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017972/spirometry-reference-values-for-an-andean-high-altitude-population
#18
Orlando R López Jové, Santiago C Arce, Rene W Chávez, Alejandro Alaniz, Diana Lancellotti, María Nélida Chiapella, Alicia Julián, Eduardo L De Vito, Hernando L Sala
We compared the spirometric values of people living at High Altitude at the Andean Plateau with those predicted for lowland population. RATIONALE: Spirometry reference values are not yet available for the millions of people living at high altitude in the Andean High Plateau. OBJECTIVE: To obtain spirometric prediction equations from a healthy subset of adults living in Argentina at 3440m above sea level. METHODS: We randomly recruited 172 healthy men and 235 healthy women, ages 20-70...
October 7, 2017: Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988313/thermal-windows-and-metabolic-performance-curves-in-a-developing-antarctic-fish
#19
Erin E Flynn, Anne E Todgham
For ectotherms, temperature modifies the rate of physiological function across a temperature tolerance window depending on thermal history, ontogeny, and evolutionary history. Some adult Antarctic fishes, with comparatively narrow thermal windows, exhibit thermal plasticity in standard metabolic rate; however, little is known about the shape or breadth of thermal performance curves of earlier life stages of Antarctic fishes. We tested the effects of acute warming (- 1 to 8 °C) and temperature acclimation (2 weeks at - 1, 2, 4 °C) on survival and standard metabolic rate in early embryos of the dragonfish Gymnodraco acuticeps from McMurdo Sound, Ross Island, Antarctica...
October 7, 2017: Journal of Comparative Physiology. B, Biochemical, Systemic, and Environmental Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973010/improved-final-predicted-height-with-the-injection-of-leuprolide-in-children-with-earlier-puberty-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#20
Yi-Chun Lin, Chih-Ying Lin, Siew-Yin Chee, Hung-Rong Yen, Fuu-Jen Tsai, Chiu-Ying Chen, Chung-Hsing Wang
The adult height of children with early onset puberty is limited by the premature maturation of hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis. To evaluate the effects of gonadotropin-releasing hormone analog (GnRHa) treatment on the final height (FH) and bone maturation rate (BMR) in girls with early puberty (EP) or idiopathic central precocious puberty (ICPP), we examined data from girls who were diagnosed with EP or ICPP and underwent GnRHa (Leuplin Depot: 3.75 mg/month) at China Medical University Hospital, in Taiwan, between 2006 and 2015...
2017: PloS One
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