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Predicted adult height

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318630/sarcopenia-and-its-individual-criteria-are-associated-in-part-with-mortality-among-patients%C3%A2-on-hemodialysis
#1
Piyawan Kittiskulnam, Glenn M Chertow, Juan J Carrero, Cynthia Delgado, George A Kaysen, Kirsten L Johansen
The relative importance of sarcopenia and its individual components as independent predictors of mortality in the dialysis population has not been determined. We estimated whole-body muscle mass using pre-dialysis bioimpedance spectroscopy measurements in 645 ACTIVE/ADIPOSE-enrolled prevalent hemodialysis patients from San Francisco and Atlanta. Low muscle mass was defined as two standard deviations below sex-specific means for young adults from NHANES and indexed to height(2), body weight, body surface area, or body mass index...
March 16, 2017: Kidney International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317611/accumulated-exposure-to-rural-areas-of-residence-over-the-life-course-is-associated-with-overweight-and-obesity-in-adulthood-a-25-year-prospective-cohort-study
#2
Kira A E Patterson, Seana L Gall, Alison J Venn, Petr Otahal, Leigh Blizzard, Terry Dwyer, Verity J Cleland
PURPOSE: This prospective cohort study investigated whether body mass index (BMI) and weight status in mid-adulthood were predicted by trajectories of urban-rural residence from childhood to adulthood. METHODS: Participants aged 7-15 years in 1985 (n = 8498) were followed up in 2004-2006 (n = 3999, aged 26-36 years) and 2009-2011 (n = 3049, aged 31-41 years). Area of residence (AOR) was classified as urban or rural at each time point. BMI and/or weight status was calculated from self-reported weight and height (2009-2011)...
March 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299370/change-in-commute-mode-and-body-mass-index-prospective-longitudinal-evidence-from-uk-biobank
#3
Ellen Flint, Elizabeth Webb, Steven Cummins
BACKGROUND: Insufficient physical activity is a determinant of obesity and cardiovascular disease. Active travel to work has declined in high-income countries in recent decades. We aimed to determine which socioeconomic and demographic characteristics predicted switching to or from active commuting, whether switching from passive to active commuting (or the reverse) independently predicts change in objectively measured body-mass index (BMI), and to ascertain whether any association is attenuated by socioeconomic, demographic, or behavioural factors...
December 2016: Lancet Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267356/ct-of-patients-with-hip-fracture-muscle-size-and-attenuation-help-predict-mortality
#4
Robert D Boutin, Sara Bamrungchart, Cyrus P Bateni, Daniel P Beavers, Kristen M Beavers, John P Meehan, Leon Lenchik
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to determine the association between muscle cross-sectional area and attenuation, as measured on routine CT scans, and mortality in older patients with hip fracture. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective 10-year study of patients with hip fracture was conducted with the following inclusion criteria: age 65 years or older, first-time hip fracture treated with surgery, and CT of the chest, abdomen, or pelvis. This yielded 274 patients (70...
March 7, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264672/reference-equations-for-spirometric-indices-from-a-sample-of-the-general-adult-population-in-nigeria
#5
Ademola Emmanuel Fawibe, Louis O Odeigah, Mohammed J Saka
BACKGROUND: The increasing importance of pulmonary function testing in diagnosing and managing lung diseases and assessing improvement has necessitated the need for locally derived reference equations from a sample of the general Nigerian population. METHODS: It was a cross sectional study in which we used linear regression models to obtain equations for reference values and lower limits of normal for spirometric indices in adult Nigerians from a sample of the general population aged 18-65 years (males) and 18-63 years (females)...
March 6, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255917/clinical-utility-of-berlin-questionnaire-in-comparison-to-polysomnography-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#6
Marta Stelmach-Mardas, Khalid Iqbal, Marcin Mardas, Magdalena Kostrzewska, Tomasz Piorunek
The aim of this study was to assess the utility of the Berlin questionnaire (BQ) in adult patients at high risk of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). The study consisted of 64 patients recruited for the polysomnography diagnostics of sleep respiratory disturbances. The anthropometric assessment included body weight, height, and body mass index (BMI), all related to the risk of OSA. The BQ consisted of the following three categories: 1 - snoring, 2 - daytime somnolence, and 3 - hypertension. Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), and negative predictive value (NPV) were evaluated...
March 3, 2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229984/anatomical-knee-variants-in-discoid-lateral-meniscal-tears
#7
Xu-Xu Chen, Jian Li, Tao Wang, Yang Zhao, Hui Kang
BACKGROUND: Discoid lateral meniscus was a common meniscal dysplasia and was predisposed to tear. There were some anatomical knee variants in patients with discoid lateral meniscus. The aim of this study was to analyze the relationship between anatomical knee variants and discoid lateral meniscal tears. METHODS: There were totally 125 cases of discoid lateral meniscus enrolled in this study from February 2008 to December 2013. Eighty-seven patients who underwent arthroscopic surgery for right torn discoid lateral meniscus were enrolled in the torn group...
2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223474/can-pediatric-hypertension-criteria-be-simplified-a-prediction-analysis-of-subclinical-cardiovascular-outcomes-from-the-bogalusa-heart-study
#8
Bo Xi, Tao Zhang, Shengxu Li, Emily Harville, Lydia Bazzano, Jiang He, Wei Chen
Prehypertension and hypertension in childhood are defined by sex-, age-, and height-specific 90th (or ≥120/80 mm Hg) and 95th percentiles of blood pressure, respectively, by the 2004 Fourth Report. However, these cutoffs are complex and cumbersome for use. This study assessed the performance of a simplified blood pressure definition to predict adult hypertension and subclinical cardiovascular disease. The cohort consisted of 1225 adults (530 men; aged 26.3-47.7 years) from the Bogalusa Heart Study with 27...
April 2017: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219431/assessment-of-triglyceride-and-cholesterol-in-overweight-people-based-on-multiple-linear-regression-and-artificial-intelligence-model
#9
Jing Ma, Jiong Yu, Guangshu Hao, Dan Wang, Yanni Sun, Jianxin Lu, Hongcui Cao, Feiyan Lin
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of high hyperlipemia is increasing around the world. Our aims are to analyze the relationship of triglyceride (TG) and cholesterol (TC) with indexes of liver function and kidney function, and to develop a prediction model of TG, TC in overweight people. METHODS: A total of 302 adult healthy subjects and 273 overweight subjects were enrolled in this study. The levels of fasting indexes of TG (fs-TG), TC (fs-TC), blood glucose, liver function, and kidney function were measured and analyzed by correlation analysis and multiple linear regression (MRL)...
February 20, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219302/relations-between-quantitative-ultrasound-assessment-of-calcaneus-and-grip-and-key-pinch-power-in-japanese-mountain-village-residents
#10
Ayako Nagai, Tsuyoshi Tajika, Atsushi Yamamoto, Chisa Okura, Saeko Kanazawa, Kenji Takagishi
PURPOSE: It seems to be important to recognize bone health condition using a simple method in Japanese super-aged society. The aim of our study was to investigate whether grip and key pinch strength were associated with bone quality. METHODS: Medical examinations were conducted of 337 adult residents (123 men, 214 women; average age of 64.7 years) of a mountain village. Bilateral grip and key pinch strength were measured. The sound of speed (SOS) of calcaneus was assessed using an ultrasound bone densitometer...
January 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218067/melanocortin-4-receptor-gene-mutations-in-a-group-of-turkish-obese-children-and-adolescents
#11
Selma Tunç, Korcan Demir, Fatma Ajlan Tükün, Cihan Topal, Filiz Hazan, Burcu Sağlam, Özlem Nalbantoğlu, Melek Yıldız, Behzat Özkan
OBJECTIVE: Melanocortin-4 receptor (MC4R) mutations are the most common known cause of monogenic obesity but there is limited data regarding MC4R mutations in Turkish subjects. To determine the prevalence of MC4R mutations in a group of Turkish morbid obese children and adolescents. METHODS: MC4R was sequenced in 47 consecutive morbidly obese children and adolescents (28 girls and 19 boys, aged 1-18 years) who presented during a 1-year period. Inclusion criterion was a BMI ≥120% of the 95th percentile or ≥35 kg/m2...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207550/retrospective-analysis-of-vocal-cord-to-suprasternal-notch-distance-implications-for-preventing-endotracheal-tube-cuff-induced-vocal-cord-injury
#12
Hyerim Kim, Jee-Eun Chang, Jung-Hee Ryu, Haesun Jung, Seong-Won Min, Jung-Man Lee, Jin-Young Hwang
Endotracheal tube (ETT) positioning using the cuff ballottement test, which confirms that the inflated cuff is positioned at the suprasternal notch with squeezing or inflating a pilot balloon, has been reported to be a simple and reliable method of preventing endobronchial intubation. However, in patients with a short vocal cord-to-suprasternal notch, ETT placement using the cuff ballottement test can cause vocal cord injury. In the present study, we assessed the distance from a point 15 mm below the vocal cord to the suprasternal notch (VSD-15), the safe position for ETT cuff placement above the suprasternal notch, and investigated variables for predicting VSD-15...
February 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207416/are-aromatase-inhibitors-in-boys-with-predicted-short-stature-and-or-rapidly-advancing-bone-age-effective-and-safe
#13
Jessica A Ferris, Mitchell E Geffner
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess aromatase inhibitor (AI) efficacy in increasing predicted adult height (PAH) and to describe clinical and biochemical safety profiles of AI-treated boys. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted at an academic children's hospital endocrinology clinic. Twenty-one boys with predicted short stature and/or rapidly advancing bone age, divided as Tanner stage (TS) I-III Group 1 (G1, n=9) and TS IV-V Group 2 (G2, n=12), were treated with AIs, either letrozole or anastrozole (mean duration, G1: 2...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199042/global-effects-of-income-and-income-inequality-on-adult-height-and-sexual-dimorphism-in-height
#14
Barry Bogin, Christiane Scheffler, Michael Hermanussen
OBJECTIVES: Average adult height of a population is considered a biomarker of the quality of the health environment and economic conditions. The causal relationships between height and income inequality are not well understood. We analyze data from 169 countries for national average heights of men and women and national-level economic factors to test two hypotheses: (1) income inequality has a greater association with average adult height than does absolute income; and (2) neither income nor income inequality has an effect on sexual dimorphism in height...
February 15, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161899/weight-gender-and-depressive-symptoms-in-south-korea
#15
A A Brewis, S Y Han, C L SturtzSreetharan
OBJECTIVES: Obesity consistently predicts depression risk, but the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. Body concerns are proposed as key. South Korean society is characterized by extremely high levels of explicit weight stigma, possibly the highest globally. Using cross-sectional Korean 2014 National Health Examination Survey (KNHANES) data, we test this proposition in a nationally representative sample of South Korean adults (N = 5,632). METHODS: Depressive symptoms (outcome variable), was based on the PHQ-9...
February 5, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156600/association-between-abdominal-adiposity-muscle-mass-and-metabolic-syndrome-in-survivors-of-testicular-germ-cell-cancer
#16
William Osai, Shi-Ming Tu, Lance C Pagliaro, Jeri Kim, Sai-Ching J Yeung
250 Background: Testicular germ cell tumor survivors (TGCTSs) contend with treatment side effects for decades after cure, and many have metabolic syndrome (MTS), a modifiable cardiometabolic risk factor. Because reliably predicting MTS could prompt interventionreducing risk, we analyzed clinical data and body composition in computed tomography (CT) scans to identify associations. METHODS: In a retrospective review of 196 TGCTSs treated at a single institution from 1970 to 2007, we collected patient (pt) demographics, clinical data, body fat composition measures, and evidence from CT scans from baseline through posttreatment...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145740/adaptive-alterations-in-shoulder-range-of-motion-and-strength-in-young-tennis-players
#17
Benoit Gillet, Mickaël Begon, Violaine Sevrez, Christian Berger-Vachon, Isabelle Rogowski
CONTEXT: Playing tennis requires unilateral and intensive movement of the upper limb, which may lead to functional adaptations of the shoulder and an increased injury risk. Identifying which athletes will be future elite tennis players starts at 5 to 6 years of age. Therefore, highly skilled players practice intensively in their childhood. However, whether these functional changes occur during the prepubertal years has not been established. OBJECTIVES: To assess changes in glenohumeral-joint-rotation range of motion and strength of the shoulder-complex muscles in prepubertal elite tennis players...
February 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143963/londrina-activities-of-daily-living-protocol-reproducibility-validity-and-reference-values-in-physically-independent-adults-age-50-years-and-older
#18
Thaís Paes, Letícia Fernandes Belo, Diego Rodrigues da Silva, Andrea Akemi Morita, Leila Donária, Karina Couto Furlanetto, Thaís Sant'Anna, Fabio Pitta, Nidia Aparecida Hernandes
BACKGROUND: It is important to assess activities of daily living (ADL) in older adults due to impairment of independence and quality of life. However, there is no objective and standardized protocol available to assess this outcome. Thus, the aim of this study was to verify the reproducibility and validity of a new protocol for ADL assessment applied in physically independent adults age ≥50 y, the Londrina ADL protocol, and to establish an equation to predict reference values of the Londrina ADL protocol...
January 31, 2017: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130688/akipredictor-an-online-prognostic-calculator-for-acute-kidney-injury-in-adult-critically-ill-patients-development-validation-and-comparison-to-serum-neutrophil-gelatinase-associated-lipocalin
#19
Marine Flechet, Fabian Güiza, Miet Schetz, Pieter Wouters, Ilse Vanhorebeek, Inge Derese, Jan Gunst, Isabel Spriet, Michaël Casaer, Greet Van den Berghe, Geert Meyfroidt
PURPOSE: Early diagnosis of acute kidney injury (AKI) remains a major challenge. We developed and validated AKI prediction models in adult ICU patients and made these models available via an online prognostic calculator. We compared predictive performance against serum neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) levels at ICU admission. METHODS: Analysis of the large multicenter EPaNIC database. Model development (n = 2123) and validation (n = 2367) were based on clinical information available (1) before and (2) upon ICU admission, (3) after 1 day in ICU and (4) including additional monitoring data from the first 24 h...
January 27, 2017: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122128/an-8-item-short-form-of-the-eating-disorder-examination-questionnaire-adapted-for-children-chede-q8
#20
Sören Kliem, Ricarda Schmidt, Mandy Vogel, Andreas Hiemisch, Wieland Kiess, Anja Hilbert
Eating disturbances are common in children placing a vulnerable group of them at risk for full-syndrome eating disorders and adverse health outcomes. To provide a valid self-report assessment of eating disorder psychopathology in children, a short form of the child version of the Eating Disorder Examination (ChEDE-Q) was psychometrically evaluated. Similar to the EDE-Q, the ChEDE-Q provides assessment of eating disorder psychopathology related to anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and binge-eating disorder; however, the ChEDE-Q does not assess symptoms of avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder, pica, or rumination disorder...
January 25, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
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