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Predicted adult height

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906553/short-adult-stature-predicts-impaired-beta-cell-function-insulin-resistance-glycemia-and-type-2-diabetes-in-finnish-men
#1
Jagadish Vangipurapu, Alena Stančáková, Raimo Jauhiainen, Johanna Kuusisto, Markku Laakso
CONTEXT: Recent studies have highlighted the role of height in complex diseases but conflicting information has been reported on height as a predictor of changes in glycemia and risk of type 2 diabetes. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to investigate the association of height with insulin sensitivity, insulin secretion, glycemia, type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease in a large prospective population-based study. DESIGN: The study included 8,746 Finnish men (mean±SD, age 57...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904645/predicting-resting-energy-expenditure-in-underweight-normal-weight-overweight-and-obese-adult-hospital-patients
#2
Hinke M Kruizenga, Geesje H Hofsteenge, Peter J M Weijs
BACKGROUND: When indirect calorimetry is not available, predictive equations are used to estimate resing energy expenditure (REE). There is no consensus about which equation to use in hospitalized patients. The objective of this study is to examine the validity of REE predictive equations for underweight, normal weight, overweight, and obese inpatients and outpatients by comparison with indirect calorimetry. METHODS: Equations were included when based on weight, height, age, and/or gender...
2016: Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898706/prediction-of-body-mass-index-using-concurrently-self-reported-or-previously-measured-height-and-weight
#3
Zhaohui Cui, June Stevens, Kimberly P Truesdale, Donglin Zeng, Simone French, Penny Gordon-Larsen
OBJECTIVE: To compare alternative models for the imputation of BMIM (measured weight in kilograms/measured height in meters squared) in a longitudinal study. METHODS: We used data from 11,008 adults examined at wave III (2001-2002) and wave IV (2007-2008) in the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health. Participants were asked their height and weight before being measured. Equations to predict wave IV BMIM were developed in an 80% random subsample and evaluated in the remaining participants...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895689/waist-to-height-ratio-as-a-screening-tool-for-obesity-and-cardiometabolic-risk
#4
REVIEW
Eun-Gyong Yoo
The waist-to-height ratio (WHtR), calculated by dividing the waist circumference (WC) by height, has recently gained attention as an anthropometric index for central adiposity. It is an easy-to-use and less age-dependent index to identify individuals with increased cardiometabolic risk. A WHtR cutoff of 0.5 can be used in different sex and ethnic groups and is generally accepted as a universal cutoff for central obesity in children (aged ≥6 years) and adults. However, the WHtR has not been validated in preschool children, and the routine use of WHtR in children under age 6 is not recommended...
November 2016: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891425/estimation-of-skin-to-subarachnoid-space-depth-an-observational-study
#5
Rajib Hazarika, Dipika Choudhury, Sangeeta Nath, Samit Parua
INTRODUCTION: In a patient, the skin to Subarachnoid Space Depth (SSD) varies considerably at different levels of the spinal cord. It also varies from patient to patient at the same vertebral level as per age, sex and Body Mass Index (BMI). Estimation of the skin to SSD reduces complications related to spinal anaesthesia. AIM: To measure the skin to SSD in the Indian population and to find a formula for predicting this depth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three hundred adult patients belonging to American Society of Anaesthesiologist class I and II, undergoing surgery using spinal anaesthesia in various surgical specialities of Gauhati Medical College were selected by systemic sampling for this prospective, observational study...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875755/individual-differences-in-brainstem-and-basal-ganglia-structure-predict-postural-control-and-balance-loss-in-young-and-older-adults
#6
Matthieu P Boisgontier, Boris Cheval, Sima Chalavi, Peter van Ruitenbeek, Inge Leunissen, Oron Levin, Alice Nieuwboer, Stephan P Swinnen
It remains unclear which specific brain regions are the most critical for human postural control and balance, and whether they mediate the effect of age. Here, associations between postural performance and corticosubcortical brain regions were examined in young and older adults using multiple structural imaging and linear mixed models. Results showed that of the regions involved in posture, the brainstem was the strongest predictor of postural control and balance: lower brainstem volume predicted larger center of pressure deviation and higher odds of balance loss...
November 1, 2016: Neurobiology of Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871018/is-lower-peripheral-information-weighted-differently-as-a-function-of-step-number-during-step-climbing
#7
Valentina Graci, Marco Rabuffetti, Carlo Frigo, Maurizio Ferrarin
The importance of peripheral visual information during stair climbing and how peripheral visual information is weighted as a function of step number during step climbing is unclear. Previous authors postulated that the knowledge of predictable characteristics of the steps may decrease reliance on foveal vision and transfer the online visual guidance of stair climbing to peripheral vision. Hence the aim of this study was to investigate if and how the occlusion of the lower peripheral visual field influenced stair climbing and if peripheral visual information was weighted differently between steps...
November 13, 2016: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866087/a-predictive-model-for-estimating-regional-skeletal-muscle-size-by-two-point-dixon-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-healthy-koreans
#8
Cheol-Min Kim, Chang-Hyung Lee, Young A Choi, Byoung-Chul Kim, Duk-Young Jung, Myung-Jun Shin
This study was undertaken to develop and cross-validate reference and individual predictive models for estimating functional thigh muscle cross-sectional area (TCSA) by 2-point Dixon magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). TCSAs of dominant sides at the mid-thigh level were measured by 2-point Dixon MRI ((MRI)TCSA). Functional (MRI)TCSA were compared with the predictive models in a sample of 92 younger (20-40 years; 28.55±4.87; n=50) and older (>65years; 71.22±4.82; n=42) Koreans. Lean body masses were measured by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry ((DXA)LBM), and thigh isokinetic muscle strengths, extension peak torque at 60°/sec, were measured using a Biodex(®) dynamometer ((Biodex)EPT)...
November 6, 2016: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865240/prediction-equations-for-spirometry-in-adults-in-western-india
#9
Unnati Desai, Jyotsna M Joshi, S K Chhabra, Mujeeb-Ur Rahman
BACKGROUND: Spirometry is an essential investigation in pulmonology. The predicted normal spirometry values depend on various physiological parameters. This study was conducted to collect updated information on pulmonary functions in normal adults from western India. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A prospective observational study was undertaken at a tertiary hospital in Mumbai enrolling healthy subjects, 18-75 years, with ethnic origin from western India. Spirometry measurements were carried out as per ATS/ERS-2005 guidelines using a non-heated Fleish Pneumotachograph spirometer...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843117/height-and-cognition-at-work-labor-market-productivity-in-a-low-income-setting
#10
Daniel LaFave, Duncan Thomas
Taller workers earn more, particularly in lower income settings. It has been argued that adult height is a marker of strength which is rewarded in the labor market; a proxy for cognitive performance or other dimensions of human capital such as school quality; a proxy for health status; and a proxy for family background and genetic characteristics. As a result, the argument goes, height is rewarded in the labor market because it is an informative signal of worker quality to an employer. It has also been argued that the height premium is driven by occupational and sectoral choice...
November 5, 2016: Economics and Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832766/obesity-diet-quality-physical-activity-and-the-built-environment-the-need-for-behavioral-pathways
#11
Adam Drewnowski, Anju Aggarwal, Wesley Tang, Philip M Hurvitz, Jason Scully, Orion Stewart, Anne Vernez Moudon
BACKGROUND: The built environment (BE) is said to influence local obesity rates. Few studies have explored causal pathways between home-neighborhood BE variables and health outcomes such as obesity. Such pathways are likely to involve both physical activity and diet. METHODS: The Seattle Obesity Study (SOS II) was a longitudinal cohort of 440 adult residents of King Co, WA. Home addresses were geocoded. Home-neighborhood BE measures were framed as counts and densities of food sources and physical activity locations...
November 10, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832209/handgrip-strength-and-factors-associated-in-poor-elderly-assisted-at-a-primary-care-unit-in-rio-de-janeiro-brazil
#12
Valéria Teresa Saraiva Lino, Nádia Cristina Pinheiro Rodrigues, Gisele O'Dwyer, Mônica Kramer de Noronha Andrade, Inês Echenique Mattos, Margareth Crisóstomo Portela
INTRODUCTION: Sarcopenia is a condition diagnosed when the patient presents low muscle mass, plus low muscle strength or low physical performance. Muscle weakness in the oldest (dynapenia) is a major public health concern because it predicts future all-cause mortality and is associated with falls, disability, cardiovascular mortality and morbidity. Grip strength is a simple method for assessment of muscle function in clinical practice. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the grip strength and identify factors associated with handgrip strength variation in elderly people with low socioeconomic status...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825793/adherence-to-the-dietary-guidelines-for-americans-is-associated-with-psychological-resilience-in-young-adults-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Laura J Lutz, Erin Gaffney-Stomberg, Kelly W Williams, Susan M McGraw, Philip J Niro, J Philip Karl, Sonya J Cable, Thomas L Cropper, James P McClung
BACKGROUND: The 2010 Healthy Eating Index (HEI-2010), a measure of diet quality, is used to quantify adherence to the Dietary Guidelines for Americans. Better HEI scores have been associated with positive health outcomes; however, the relationship between diet quality and psychological resilience, a mental health attribute for coping with adversity, has not been assessed. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the present study was to assess the relationship between diet quality and psychological resilience, and the relationship between resilience and demographics, anthropometrics, socioeconomic status, and health behavior...
November 5, 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817870/biological-features-of-placental-programming
#14
Kent L Thornburg, Kevin Kolahi, Melinda Pierce, Amy Valent, Rachel Drake, Samantha Louey
The placenta is a key organ in programming the fetus for later disease. This review outlines nine of many structural and physiological features of the placenta which are associated with adult onset chronic disease. 1) Placental efficiency relates the placental mass to the fetal mass. Ratios at the extremes are related to cardiovascular disease risk later in life. 2) Placental shape predicts a large number of disease outcomes in adults but the regulators of placental shape are not known. 3) Non-human primate studies suggest that at about mid-gestation, the placenta becomes less plastic and less able to compensate for pathological stresses...
October 20, 2016: Placenta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811155/olfaction-is-related-to-motor-function-in-older-adults
#15
Qu Tian, Susan M Resnick, Stephanie A Studenski
BACKGROUND: Among older adults, both olfaction and motor function predict future cognitive decline and dementia, suggesting potential shared causal pathways. However, it is not known whether olfactory and motor function are independently related in late life. METHODS: We assessed cross-sectional associations of olfaction with motor and cognitive function, using concurrent data on olfactory function, mobility, balance, fine motor function, manual dexterity, and cognition in 163 Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Aging participants aged 60 and older without common neurological diseases (n = 114 with available cognitive data)...
November 3, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808397/energy-related-influences-on-variation-in-breastfeeding-duration-among-indigenous-maya-women-from-guatemala
#16
Luseadra J McKerracher, Mark Collard, Rachel M Altman, Daniel Sellen, Pablo A Nepomnaschy
OBJECTIVES: The causes of variation in breastfeeding duration in humans are poorly understood, but life history factors related to maternal energetics drive much of the variation in lactation duration in nonhuman animals. With this in mind, we investigated whether four energy-related factors influence variation in breastfeeding duration in a non-industrial human population: (1) mortality risk during mother's development (assessed via mother's adult height), (2) reliance on nutrient-dense weaning foods, (3) access to and need for help with infant feeding and care ("allomaternal care"), and (4) maternal tradeoffs between current and future reproduction (measured via child's birth order)...
November 3, 2016: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27804057/body-size-over-the-life-course-and-the-risk-of-endometrial-cancer-the-california-teachers-study
#17
Pamela L Horn-Ross, Alison J Canchola, Leslie Bernstein, Dennis Deapen, James V Lacey, Eunjung Lee, David O Nelson, Peggy Reynolds
PURPOSE: Obesity is a public health epidemic and a major risk factor for endometrial cancer. Here, we identify key aspects of body size which jointly, over the life-course (since adolescence), are associated with endometrial cancer risk. METHODS: Among 88,142 participants in the California Teachers Study, 887 were diagnosed with invasive type 1 endometrial cancer between 1997-1998 and 2012. Multivariable Cox proportional hazards models provided estimates of hazard rate ratios (HR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for endometrial cancer associated with life-course body size phenotypes, which incorporated validated measures...
December 2016: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785691/basal-body-temperature-as-a-biomarker-of-healthy-aging
#18
Eleanor M Simonsick, Helen C S Meier, Nancy Chiles Shaffer, Stephanie A Studenski, Luigi Ferrucci
Scattered evidence indicates that a lower basal body temperature may be associated with prolonged health span, yet few studies have directly evaluated this relationship. We examined cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between early morning oral temperature (95.0-98.6 °F) and usual gait speed, endurance walk performance, fatigability, and grip strength in 762 non-frail men (52 %) and women aged 65-89 years participating in the Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Aging. Since excessive adiposity (body mass index ≥35 kg/m(2) or waist-to-height ratio ≥0...
October 26, 2016: Age (2005-)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785477/junctional-kyphosis-how-can-we-detect-and-monitor-it-during-growth
#19
Alessandra Negrini, Sabrina Donzelli, Laura Maserati, Fabio Zaina, Jorge H Villafañe, Stefano Negrini
BACKGROUND: Despite its importance in affecting adult pain, and disability, there is a lack of universal criteria for the diagnosis and evaluation of thoraco-lumbar Junctional Kyphosis (JK) and a gold standard measurement and diagnostic system does not exist. This study aims to verify the sensibility and specificity of clinical, and Formetric surface topography (FST) data in identifying Junctional Kyphosis in respect to the radiographical standard references. METHODS: Design: This is a cross sectional study from a prospective database started in March 2003...
2016: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753833/sy-04-3-screening-for-non-communicable-diseases-using-a-simple-non-invasive-risk-assessment-instrument-in-developing-countries
#20
Aletta Schutte
Cardiovascular risk prediction has developed significantly during recent years, as cardiovascular disease prevention guidelines recommend risk scores to identify patients at high and low risk. Where novel biomarkers were identified in recent years, it is simply impractical and expensive to perform laboratory testing as part of screening for non-communicable diseases in low- and middle-income countries. As part of a broader consortium we compared the ranking performance of a simple, non-laboratory-based risk score to laboratory-based scores in various South African populations...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
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