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Predicted adult height

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926748/association-between-infection-burden-and-adult-height
#1
Dawson W Hedges, Andrew N Berrett, Lance D Erickson, Bruce L Brown, Shawn D Gale
Although highly heritable, adult height is also associated with numerous environmental factors, including exposure to infection. Particularly in developing regions of the world, infection burden appears to slow growth during childhood. Using a large database representative of the US population, we examined associations between adult height and leg length and an infection-burden index based on past exposure to Toxocara species, Toxoplasmosis gondii, cytomegalovirus, hepatitis A, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, herpes simplex virus 1, and herpes simplex virus 2...
September 2, 2017: Economics and Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919382/overweight-and-obesity-in-new-caledonian-adults-results-from-measured-and-adjusted-self-reported-anthropometric-data
#2
Philippe Corsenac, Isabella Annesi-Maesano, Damian Hoy, Adam Roth, Bernard Rouchon, Isabelle Capart, Richard Taylor
AIMS: To estimate the overweight (OW) and obesity (Ob) prevalence and associated socio-demographic risk factors in New Caledonian adults aged 18-67years. METHODS: From a randomly selected cross-sectional population survey, self-reported (n=2513) and measured (n=736) height and weight data were collected. Separate linear regression analyses for measured weight and height were performed, using cases with both self-reported weight and height and socio-demographic variables...
June 22, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912653/validity-of-a-newly-designed-rectilinear-stepping-ergometer-submaximal-exercise-test-to-assess-cardiorespiratory-fitness
#3
Rubin Zhang, Likui Zhan, Shaoming Sun, Wei Peng, Yining Sun
The maximum oxygen uptake (V̇O2 max), determined from graded maximal or submaximal exercise tests, is used to classify the cardiorespiratory fitness level of individuals. The purpose of this study was to examine the validity and reliability of the YMCA submaximal exercise test protocol performed on a newly-designed rectilinear stepping ergometer (RSE) that used up and down reciprocating vertical motion in place of conventional circular motion and giving precise measurement of workload, to determine V̇O2 max in young healthy male adults...
September 2017: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905440/child-fosterage-and-sex-biased-nutritional-outcomes-among-namibian-pastoralists
#4
Sean P Prall, Brooke A Scelza
OBJECTIVES: Across cultures, fosterage has been shown to impact child health. Contextual factors, such as the reason for fosterage and the relationship between foster parent and child, are known to magnify variance in nutritional outcomes for foster children. Another important, but less studied, factor is the role of gender. Sex-biases in physiology and cultural norms are both known to affect child nutrition, and we posit these effects might be magnified in the presence of fosterage. In this study, we investigate how sex interacts with fosterage to affect nutritional outcomes among Namibian pastoralists...
September 14, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893431/pulse-pressure-amplification-and-its-relationship-with-age-in-young-apparently-healthy-black-and-white-adults-the-african-predict-study
#5
Yolandi Breet, Hugo W Huisman, Ruan Kruger, Johannes M van Rooyen, Lebo F Gafane-Matemane, Lisa J Ware, Aletta E Schutte
BACKGROUND: Pulse pressure amplification (PPA), i.e. the amplification from central arteries to the periphery, is inversely related to arterial stiffness, organ damage and mortality. It is known that arterial stiffness is higher in black than white populations, but it is unclear if this is due to early vascular aging. We therefore investigated whether PPA declines earlier in young normotensive black South Africans, when compared to their white counterparts. METHODS: We included 875 black and white men and women from the African-PREDICT study (55% black, 41% men), aged 20-30years, with no prior diagnosis of chronic disease, screened for normotensive clinic blood pressure (BP)...
September 5, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885935/automated-bone-age-analysis-with-lossy-image-files
#6
Jordan E Pinsker, Michael S L Ching, Daniel P Chiles, Michael Lustik, C Becket Mahnke, Veronica J Rooks
BACKGROUND: In our U.S. Department of Defense hospital system, pediatric endocrinology and radiology resources to evaluate bone age radiographs are limited. Our tertiary care center provides expert specialty support to remotely stationed beneficiaries at more than 30 Department of Defense medical facilities using a well-established, asynchronous, Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act compliant system that allows for physician-to-physician teleconsultation. Up to 14% of these teleconsultations are for endocrinology assessment, many of which include bone age analysis...
September 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881338/simple-age-specific-cutoff-value-for-sarcopenia-evaluated-by-computed-tomography
#7
Ji Sun Kim, Won Young Kim, Hyun Kyung Park, Myung Chun Kim, Woong Jung, Byuk Sung Ko
OBJECTIVE: Until now, cutoff values of low skeletal muscle mass using computed tomography (CT) were driven by optimal stratification to predict mortality in cancer patients. The aim of the present study was to investigate the simple, age-specific, cutoff value of low skeletal muscle mass by CT in healthy adults. DESIGN: This is a retrospective, observational, single-center study. SETTING: This study was performed in the health screening department of a university-affiliated hospital during a 10-year period...
September 8, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870870/-spirometric-lung-age-reference-equations-a-narrative-review
#8
REVIEW
Mouna Ben Khelifa, Halima Ben Salem, Raoudha Sfaxi, Souheil Chatti, Sonia Rouatbi, Helmi Ben Saad
The aim of the present paper was to conduct a narrative review of the published norms of the "spirometric" lung-age (SLA). A literature search which covered the period 1970 to June 2017, was conducted using the Pubmed. The search strategy had used the following MeSH words: "Spirometry"[Majr]) AND "Aging"[Majr]. Six original studies have reported equations predicting SLA for adults aged 18-90 years [USA (n=2), Japan (n=2); Australia (n=1) and Tunisia (n=1)]. Their sample sizes varied from 125 to 15238, with a total of 32334 volunteers (11788 men)...
September 1, 2017: Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869480/genetically-predicted-adult-height-an-alzheimer-s-disease
#9
Susanna C Larsson, Matthew Traylor, Stephen Burgess, Hugh S Markus
BACKGROUND: Observational studies have linked increased adult height with better cognitive performance and reduced risk of Alzheimer's disease (AD). It is unclear whether the associations are due to shared biological processes that influence height and AD or due to confounding by early life exposures or environmental factors. OBJECTIVE: To use a genetic approach to investigate the association between adult height and AD. METHODS: We selected 682 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with height at genome-wide significance (p < 5×10-8) in the Genetic Investigation of ANthropometric Traits (GIANT) consortium...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867425/the-association-between-substantiated-childhood-maltreatment-asthma-and-lung-function-a-prospective-investigation
#10
Amanuel Alemu Abajobir, Steve Kisely, Gail Williams, Lane Strathearn, Sadasivam Suresh, Jake Moses Najman
BACKGROUND: Asthma reflects multiple and likely complex causal pathways. We investigate the possibility that childhood maltreatment is one such causal pathway. Childhood maltreatment can be interpreted as a form of early life adversity and like other life adversities may predict a range of negative health outcomes, including asthma. METHODS: A total of 3762 young adults (52.63% female) from the Mater Hospital-University of Queensland Study of Pregnancy (MUSP) participated in this study...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859208/height-increment-and-laboratory-profile-of-boys-treated-with-aromatase-inhibitors-with-or-without-growth-hormone
#11
Ludmila Fernandes Pedrosa, Joice Marquez de Oliveira, Paula Roberta Vieira Thomé, Cristiane Kochi, Durval Damiani, Carlos Alberto Longui
Aromatase inhibitors (AIs) have been used to recover height loss due to their capacity to delay growth plate closure. Long-term studies describing final heights are needed to determine the efficacy and safety profiles of these drugs for the treatment of impaired growth. This study aims to identify the therapeutic efficiency of AIs in improve growth and to describe potential adverse effects during treatment. Retrospective data analysis of 96 adolescents, among which 22 patients already attained near-final height, were followed at outpatient clinics of two referral centers...
August 31, 2017: Hormone and Metabolic Research, Hormon- und Stoffwechselforschung, Hormones et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854655/life-history-of-parthenolecanium-spp-hemiptera-coccidae-in-urban-landscapes-of-the-southeastern-united-states
#12
Ernesto Robayo Camacho, Juang-Horng Chong, S Kris Braman, Steven D Frank, Peter B Schultz
This study was conducted to better understand the life history of Parthenolecanium corni (Bouché) and Parthenolecanium quercifex (Fitch) (Hemiptera: Coccidae), and to develop degree-day models for crawler emergence of the two soft scale species in Georgia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Virginia. Both species were univoltine in the southeastern United States. In South Carolina, eggs hatched from mid-April to early June; second instars began to appear in September and migrated to twigs to overwinter in October; and third instars and adults appeared in mid-March to early April...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844849/frailty-and-skeletal-muscle-in-older-adults-with-cancer
#13
Grant R Williams, Allison M Deal, Hyman B Muss, Marc S Weinberg, Hanna K Sanoff, Emily J Guerard, Kirsten A Nyrop, Mackenzi Pergolotti, Shlomit Strulov Shachar
OBJECTIVE: Computerized tomography (CT) imaging is routine in oncologic care and can be used to measure muscle quantity and composition that may improve prognostic assessment of older patients. This study examines the association of single-slice CT-assessed muscle measurements with a frailty index in older adults with cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using the Carolina Senior Registry, we identified patients with CT imaging within 60days ± of geriatric assessment (GA)...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841881/reference-values-of-fractional-excretion-of-exhaled-nitric-oxide-among-non-smokers-and-current-smokers
#14
Kjell Torén, Nicola Murgia, Linus Schiöler, Björn Bake, Anna-Carin Olin
BACKGROUND: Fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FENO) is used to assess of airway inflammation; diagnose asthma and monitor adherence to advised therapy. Reliable and accurate reference values for FENO are needed for both non-smoking and current smoking adults in the clinical setting. The present study was performed to establish reference adult FENO values among never-smokers, former smokers and current smokers. METHODS: FENO was measured in 5265 subjects aged 25-75 years in a general-population study, using a chemiluminescence (Niox ™) analyser according to the guidelines of the American Thoracic Society and the European Respiratory Society...
August 25, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830906/autosomal-recessive-chondrodysplasia-with-severe-short-stature-caused-by-a-biallelic-col10a1-variant
#15
Noor Ul Ain, Outi Makitie, Sadaf Naz
BACKGROUND: Heterozygous mutations in COL10A1 underlie metaphyseal chondrodysplasia, Schmid type (MCDS), an autosomal dominant skeletal dysplasia. OBJECTIVE: To identify the causative variant in a large consanguineous Pakistani family with severe skeletal dysplasia and marked lower limb deformity. METHODS: Whole exome sequencing was completed followed by Sanger sequencing to verify segregation of the identified variants. In silico variant pathogenicity predictions and amino acid conservation analyses were performed...
August 22, 2017: Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822978/ecological-analysis-of-secular-trends-in-low-birth-weight-births-and-adult-height-in-japan
#16
Naho Morisaki, Kevin Yuji Urayama, Keisuke Yoshii, S V Subramanian, Susumu Yokoya
BACKGROUND: Japan, which currently maintains the highest life expectancy in the world and has experienced an impressive gain in adult height over the past century, has suffered a dramatic twofold increase in low birth weight (LBW) births since the 1970s. METHODS: We observed secular trends in birth characteristics using 64 115 249 live births included the vital statistics (1969-2014), as well as trends in average height among 3 145 521 adults born between 1969 and 1996, included in 79 surveys conducted among a national, subnational or community population in Japan...
August 19, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806410/the-influence-of-speed-abilities-and-technical-skills-in-early-adolescence-on-adult-success-in-soccer-a-long-term-prospective-analysis-using-anova-and-sem-approaches
#17
Oliver Höner, Daniel Leyhr, Augustin Kelava
Several talent development programs in youth soccer have implemented motor diagnostics measuring performance factors. However, the predictive value of such tests for adult success is a controversial topic in talent research. This prospective cohort study evaluated the long-term predictive value of 1) motor tests and 2) players' speed abilities (SA) and technical skills (TS) in early adolescence. The sample consisted of 14,178 U12 players from the German talent development program. Five tests (sprint, agility, dribbling, ball control, shooting) were conducted and players' height, weight as well as relative age were assessed at nationwide diagnostics between 2004 and 2006...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777477/prediction-and-validation-of-dxa-derived-appendicular-fat-free-adipose-tissue-by-a-single-ultrasound-image-of-the-forearm-in-japanese-older-adults
#18
Takashi Abe, Jeremy P Loenneke, Robert S Thiebaud, Eiji Fujita, Takuya Akamine, Mark Loftin
OBJECTIVES: To develop regression-based equations for estimating dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) derived appendicular fat-free adipose tissue (FFAT) using a single ultrasound image in the forearm, and to investigate the validity of those equations to calculate FFAT-free appendicular lean mass (aLM-minus-FFATappendicular ) in 311 Japanese adults aged 60 to 79 years. METHODS: Subjects were randomly separated into two groups: 215 in the model-development group (91 men and 124 women) and 96 in the cross-validation group (42 men and 54 women)...
August 4, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28775377/objectively-measured-sedentary-time-and-physical-activity-and-associations-with-body-weight-gain-does-body-weight-determine-a-decline-in-moderate-and-vigorous-intensity-physical-activity
#19
U Ekelund, E Kolle, J Steene-Johannessen, K E Dalene, A K O Nilsen, S A Anderssen, B H Hansen
OBJECTIVES: High levels of physical activity may prevent the development of obesity. However, the magnitude and direction of the association between physical activity (PA) of various intensities, sedentary time and weight status remain unclear. Thus, we examined whether objectively measured sedentary time and physical activity independently predict gain in body weight, change in body weight and to examine the possibility of reverse causation. METHODS: We examined the prospective associations between sedentary time, PA and body weight (BW)...
August 4, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768291/a-requiem-for-bmi-in-the-clinical-setting
#20
Maria Cristina Gonzalez, Maria Isabel T D Correia, Steven B Heymsfield
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Quetelet reported in the nineteenth century that body weight varies across adults with the square of height. Quetelet's index, now known as BMI, is accepted by most health organizations as a first-level measure of body fat and as a screening tool for diagnosing excess adiposity. Modern imaging methods now, however, indicate that BMI has limited predictive value for estimating body fat and lean mass at the individual level. The use of BMI as a measure of body composition in the clinical setting should therefore be challenged...
September 2017: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
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