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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630854/stacked-flexible-nailing-for-radius-ulna-fractures-revival-of-a-lost-technique
#1
Qaed Dhariwal, Parvez Inamdar, Pankush Arora, Ashok Shyam
INTRODUCTION: Simultaneous radius and ulna fractures are common in adults and generally osteosynthesis with plating is the treatment of choice. Nailing of such fractures is infrequently advocated. We present our unique technique of radius ulna nailing in adults to achieve closed reduction and early predictable union with minimal or no complications. CASE REPORT: Case 1: 22 year old male with midshaft both bones forearm fracture was treated with stacked nailing. Two 2...
January 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613924/spirometry-reference-equations-from-the-hispanic-community-health-study-study-of-latinos-hchs-sol
#2
Lisa LaVange, Sonia M Davis, John Hankinson, Paul Enright, Rebbecca Wilson, R Graham Barr, Thomas K Aldrich, Ravi Kalhan, Hector Lemus, Ai Ni, Lewis J Smith, Gregory A Talavera
RATIONALE: Accurate reference values for spirometry are important, as the results are used for diagnosing common chronic lung diseases such as asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, estimating physiological impairment, and predicting all-cause mortality. Reference equations have been established for Mexican Americans but not for other Hispanic/Latino backgrounds. OBJECTIVES: To develop spirometry reference equations for adult Hispanic/Latino background groups in the United States...
June 14, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608942/a-risk-score-model-for-predicting-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-a-rural-chinese-adult-population-a-cohort-study-with-a-6-year-follow-up
#3
Hongyan Zhang, Chongjian Wang, Yongcheng Ren, Bingyuan Wang, Xiangyu Yang, Yang Zhao, Chengyi Han, Junmei Zhou, Lu Zhang, Minjie Qi, Yujia Zhai, Chao Pang, Lei Yin, Jingzhi Zhao, Dongsheng Hu, Ming Zhang
BACKGROUND: Several prediction tools have been developed to identify people with T2DM and to quantify the probability of developing T2DM. However, most of the risk models were constructed based on cross-sectional studies and tea-drinking was not included. METHODS: A total of 15,768 participants without known T2DM were followed up from 2007-2008 to 2013-2014; 12,654 were randomly assigned to the derivation dataset and 3114 to the validation dataset. We constructed a risk-score model for T2DM by using a Cox proportional-hazards model...
June 13, 2017: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590139/prehypertension-and-its-optimal-indicator-among-adults-in-hubei-province-central-china-2013-2015
#4
Mengdi Ma, Xiaodong Tan, Shuzhen Zhu
BACKGROUND: Hypertension accounts for 7% of the annual global disease burden, despite great efforts to counter this trend. Thus, interventions targeted at prehypertension might lead to a breakthrough for hypertension prevention. This study focused on the prevalence of prehypertension among adults in Central China and the best indicator of prehypertension, which would provide the basis for future interventions. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted using multistage stratified random sampling in seven counties in Hubei Province...
June 7, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574411/relationship-between-muscle-performance-and-dxa-derived-bone-parameters-in-community-dwelling-older-adults
#5
H Singh, D Kim, M G Bemben, D A Bemben
OBJECTIVES: To examine association between muscle strength, jump test performance, muscle mass, bone mineral density (BMD), and bone strength in older adults. METHODS: Sixty individuals (55-75 years) participated. Leg press strength and bilateral hip abduction strength were evaluated by one repetition-maximum testing. Jump power (JPow) and jump height (JHt) were assessed by jump test performance. Relative skeletal muscle mass index (RSMI), total hip BMD, femoral neck BMD, lumbar spine BMD, section modulus (Z), cross-sectional moment of inertia (CSMI), and bone strength index (BSI) were determined by DXA...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Musculoskeletal & Neuronal Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573749/obesity-impedes-functional-improvement-in-youth-with-chronic-pain-an-initial-investigation
#6
A M Stoner, K E Jastrowski Mano, S J Weisman, K R Hainsworth
BACKGROUND: Youth with chronic pain are at higher risk for obesity than the general population. In youth with chronic pain, obesity exacerbates pain-specific activity limitations, and in adults with chronic pain, obesity perpetuates a cycle of disability. The current study examined whether weight status predicts functional disability outcomes over time in youth with chronic pain. METHODS: Data were obtained from a retrospective chart review of patients who consented to participate in a longitudinal outcomes study...
June 2, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570492/estimation-of-peak-muscle-power-from-a-countermovement-vertical-jump-in-children-and-adolescents
#7
Alejandro Gomez-Bruton, Leigh Gabel, Lindsay Nettlefold, Heather Macdonald, Douglas Race, Heather McKay
Several equations to predict muscle power (MP) from vertical jump height (VJH) have been developed in adults. However, few have been derived in children. We therefore aimed to: 1) evaluate the validity of existing MP estimation equations from a vertical countermovement jump (CMJ) in children and adolescents, and 2) develop and validate a new MP estimation equation for use in children and adolescents. We measured peak MP (Watts) and VJH (cm) during a CMJ using a force platform in 249 children and adolescents (9-17 years; 119 boys)...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561038/the-role-of-energy-intake-and-energy-misreporting-in-the-associations-between-eating-patterns-and-adiposity
#8
R M Leech, A Worsley, A Timperio, S A McNaughton
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Research examining associations between eating occasion (EO) frequency and adiposity is inconclusive; studies examining the impact of energy misreporting are rare. This study examined associations between eating patterns and adiposity, with adjustment for energy misreporting, in a nationally representative sample of Australian adults. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Dietary intake was assessed via two 24-h recalls collected during the 2011-12 National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey (n=4050 adults, aged ⩾19 years)...
May 31, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557717/race-and-obesity-in-adolescent-hypertension
#9
Eric L Cheung, Cynthia S Bell, Joyce P Samuel, Tim Poffenbarger, Karen McNiece Redwine, Joshua A Samuels
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The overall prevalence of essential hypertension in adolescents may be growing. Differences in blood pressure (BP) are well established in adults, but are less clear in adolescents. We hypothesize that the prevalence of hypertension differs by race/ethnicity among adolescents at school-based screenings. METHODS: We performed school-based BP screening in over 20 000 adolescents from 2000 to 2015. Race/ethnicity was self-reported. Height and weight were measured to determine BMI, and BP status was confirmed on 3 occasions to diagnose sustained hypertension according to Fourth Working Group Report criteria...
May 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550762/forensic-age-estimation-by-morphometric-analysis-of-the-manubrium-from-3d-mr-images
#10
Naira P Martínez Vera, Johannes Höller, Thomas Widek, Bernhard Neumayer, Thomas Ehammer, Martin Urschler
Forensic age estimation research based on skeletal structures focuses on patterns of growth and development using different bones. In this work, our aim was to study growth-related evolution of the manubrium in living adolescents and young adults using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), which is an image acquisition modality that does not involve ionizing radiation. In a first step, individual manubrium and subject features were correlated with age, which confirmed a statistically significant change of manubrium volume (Mvol:p<0...
May 12, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545536/obesity-indices-predict-hypertension-among-indigenous-adults-in-krau-wildlife-reserve-peninsular-malaysia
#11
Ee Yin Chua, Mohd Shariff Zalilah, Karppaya Haemamalar, Sulaiman Norhasmah, Appannah Geeta
BACKGROUND: The disease burden of indigenous peoples has been augmented by the rising prevalence of obesity and hypertension in this population. This study assessed the ability of obesity indices to predict hypertension among indigenous adults of Peninsular Malaysia. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 482 adults (223 men, 259 women) aged ≥18 years old were measured for body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), waist-height ratio (WHtR), waist-hip ratio (WHR), and blood pressure...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535820/predicted-body-weight-relationships-for-protective-ventilation-unisex-proposals-from-pre-term-through-to-adult
#12
Dion C Martin, Glenn N Richards
BACKGROUND: The lung-protective ventilation bundle has been shown to reduce mortality in adult acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). This concept has expanded to other areas of acute adult ventilation and is recommended for pediatric ventilation. A component of lung-protective ventilation relies on a prediction of lean body weight from height. The predicted body weight (PBW) relationship employed in the ARDS Network trial is considered valid only for adults, with a dedicated formula required for each sex...
May 23, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509794/an-allometric-model-of-remifentanil-pharmacokinetics-and-pharmacodynamics
#13
Douglas J Eleveld, Johannes H Proost, Hugo Vereecke, Anthony R Absalom, Erik Olofsen, Jaap Vuyk, Michel M R F Struys
BACKGROUND: Pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic models are used to predict and explore drug infusion schemes and their resulting concentration profiles for clinical application. Our aim was to develop a pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic model for remifentanil that is accurate in patients with a wide range of age and weight. METHODS: Remifentanil pharmacokinetic data were obtained from three previously published studies of adults and children, one of which also contained pharmacodynamic data from adults...
June 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493988/prediction-of-whole-body-fat-percentage-and-visceral-adipose-tissue-mass-from-five-anthropometric-variables
#14
Michelle G Swainson, Alan M Batterham, Costas Tsakirides, Zoe H Rutherford, Karen Hind
BACKGROUND: The conventional measurement of obesity utilises the body mass index (BMI) criterion. Although there are benefits to this method, there is concern that not all individuals at risk of obesity-associated medical conditions are being identified. Whole-body fat percentage (%FM), and specifically visceral adipose tissue (VAT) mass, are correlated with and potentially implicated in disease trajectories, but are not fully accounted for through BMI evaluation. The aims of this study were (a) to compare five anthropometric predictors of %FM and VAT mass, and (b) to explore new cut-points for the best of these predictors to improve the characterisation of obesity...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475651/pharmacokinetic-modeling-of-gentamicin-in-treatment-of-infective-endocarditis-model-development-and-validation-of-existing-models
#15
Anna Gomes, Lars van der Wijk, Johannes H Proost, Bhanu Sinha, Daan J Touw
Gentamicin shows large variations in half-life and volume of distribution (Vd) within and between individuals. Thus, monitoring and accurately predicting serum levels are required to optimize effectiveness and minimize toxicity. Currently, two population pharmacokinetic models are applied for predicting gentamicin doses in adults. For endocarditis patients the optimal model is unknown. We aimed at: 1) creating an optimal model for endocarditis patients; and 2) assessing whether the endocarditis and existing models can accurately predict serum levels...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466067/predictive-regression-equations-of-flowmetric-and-spirometric-peak-expiratory-flow-in-healthy-moroccan-adults
#16
Khalid Bouti, Iliass Maouni, Jouda Benamor, Jamal Eddine Bourkadi
Introduction. PEF has never been characterized among healthy Moroccan adults. The objective of this study is to describe the values of PEF among healthy Moroccan adults, to study its relationship with anthropometric parameters (gender, age, height, and weight), to compare spirometric and flowmetric PEF, to establish the prediction equations for PEF, and to study the correlation between PEF and FEV1. Methods. Cross-sectional study conducted between May and June 2016. It involved healthy nonsmoking volunteers living in Tetouan, Morocco, gathered through a mobile stand realization of spirometry and peak flow measurements...
2017: International Scholarly Research Notices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464269/the-postcranial-skeletal-maturation-of-australopithecus-sediba
#17
Noel Cameron, Barry Bogin, Debra Bolter, Lee R Berger
OBJECTIVES: In 2008, an immature hominin defined as the holotype of the new species Australopithecus sediba was discovered at the 1.9 million year old Malapa site in South Africa. The specimen (MH1) includes substantial post-cranial skeletal material, and provides a unique opportunity to assess its skeletal maturation. METHODS: Skeletal maturity indicators observed on the proximal and distal humerus, proximal ulna, distal radius, third metacarpal, ilium and ischium, proximal femur and calcaneus were used to assess the maturity of each bone in comparison to references for modern humans and for wild chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes)...
May 2, 2017: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457512/sex-prediction-potential-of-hyoid-metric-measurements-in-iranian-adults
#18
Siamak Soltani, Kamran Aghakhani, Fardin Fallah
OBJECTIVES: Human hyoid is sexually dimorphic and is useful for sexing unknown skeletal remains. We aimed to find sex prediction potential of three linear dimensions of hyoid bones obtained from a series of cadavers with Persian ethnicity. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was carried out in 2015 at Forensic Pathology Organization of Tehran, Iran. We directly measured three linear dimensions of a series of hyoid samples obtained from cadavers during their neck autopsy in a convenience method...
March 2017: Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448582/comparison-of-multiple-obesity-indices-for-cardiovascular-disease-risk-classification-in-south-asian-adults-the-carrs-study
#19
Shivani A Patel, Mohan Deepa, Roopa Shivashankar, Mohammed K Ali, Deksha Kapoor, Ruby Gupta, Dorothy Lall, Nikhil Tandon, Viswanathan Mohan, M Masood Kadir, Zafar Fatmi, Dorairaj Prabhakaran, K M Venkat Narayan
BACKGROUND: We comparatively assessed the performance of six simple obesity indices to identify adults with cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors in a diverse and contemporary South Asian population. METHODS: 8,892 participants aged 20-60 years in 2010-2011 were analyzed. Six obesity indices were examined: body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), waist-height ratio (WHtR), waist-hip ratio (WHR), log of the sum of triceps and subscapular skin fold thickness (LTS), and percent body fat derived from bioelectric impedance analysis (BIA)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444432/childhood-growth-predicts-higher-bone-mass-and-greater-bone-area-in-early-old-age-findings-among-a-subgroup-of-women-from-the-helsinki-birth-cohort-study
#20
T M Mikkola, M B von Bonsdorff, C Osmond, M K Salonen, E Kajantie, C Cooper, M J Välimäki, J G Eriksson
We examined the associations between childhood growth and bone properties among women at early old age. Early growth in height predicted greater bone area and higher bone mineral mass. However, information on growth did not improve prediction of bone properties beyond that predicted by body size at early old age. INTRODUCTION: We examined the associations between body size at birth and childhood growth with bone area, bone mineral content (BMC), and areal bone mineral density (aBMD) in early old age...
April 25, 2017: Osteoporosis International
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