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Predicted adult height

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509794/an-allometric-model-of-remifentanil-pharmacokinetics-and-pharmacodynamics
#1
Douglas J Eleveld, Johannes H Proost, Hugo Vereecke, Anthony R Absalom, Erik Olofsen, Jaap Vuyk, Michel M R F Struys
BACKGROUND: Pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic models are used to predict and explore drug infusion schemes and their resulting concentration profiles for clinical application. Our aim was to develop a pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic model for remifentanil that is accurate in patients with a wide range of age and weight. METHODS: Remifentanil pharmacokinetic data were obtained from three previously published studies of adults and children, one of which also contained pharmacodynamic data from adults...
June 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493988/prediction-of-whole-body-fat-percentage-and-visceral-adipose-tissue-mass-from-five-anthropometric-variables
#2
Michelle G Swainson, Alan M Batterham, Costas Tsakirides, Zoe H Rutherford, Karen Hind
BACKGROUND: The conventional measurement of obesity utilises the body mass index (BMI) criterion. Although there are benefits to this method, there is concern that not all individuals at risk of obesity-associated medical conditions are being identified. Whole-body fat percentage (%FM), and specifically visceral adipose tissue (VAT) mass, are correlated with and potentially implicated in disease trajectories, but are not fully accounted for through BMI evaluation. The aims of this study were (a) to compare five anthropometric predictors of %FM and VAT mass, and (b) to explore new cut-points for the best of these predictors to improve the characterisation of obesity...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475651/pharmacokinetic-modeling-of-gentamicin-in-treatment-of-infective-endocarditis-model-development-and-validation-of-existing-models
#3
Anna Gomes, Lars van der Wijk, Johannes H Proost, Bhanu Sinha, Daan J Touw
Gentamicin shows large variations in half-life and volume of distribution (Vd) within and between individuals. Thus, monitoring and accurately predicting serum levels are required to optimize effectiveness and minimize toxicity. Currently, two population pharmacokinetic models are applied for predicting gentamicin doses in adults. For endocarditis patients the optimal model is unknown. We aimed at: 1) creating an optimal model for endocarditis patients; and 2) assessing whether the endocarditis and existing models can accurately predict serum levels...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466067/predictive-regression-equations-of-flowmetric-and-spirometric-peak-expiratory-flow-in-healthy-moroccan-adults
#4
Khalid Bouti, Iliass Maouni, Jouda Benamor, Jamal Eddine Bourkadi
Introduction. PEF has never been characterized among healthy Moroccan adults. The objective of this study is to describe the values of PEF among healthy Moroccan adults, to study its relationship with anthropometric parameters (gender, age, height, and weight), to compare spirometric and flowmetric PEF, to establish the prediction equations for PEF, and to study the correlation between PEF and FEV1. Methods. Cross-sectional study conducted between May and June 2016. It involved healthy nonsmoking volunteers living in Tetouan, Morocco, gathered through a mobile stand realization of spirometry and peak flow measurements...
2017: International Scholarly Research Notices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464269/the-postcranial-skeletal-maturation-of-australopithecus-sediba
#5
Noel Cameron, Barry Bogin, Debra Bolter, Lee R Berger
OBJECTIVES: In 2008, an immature hominin defined as the holotype of the new species Australopithecus sediba was discovered at the 1.9 million year old Malapa site in South Africa. The specimen (MH1) includes substantial post-cranial skeletal material, and provides a unique opportunity to assess its skeletal maturation. METHODS: Skeletal maturity indicators observed on the proximal and distal humerus, proximal ulna, distal radius, third metacarpal, ilium and ischium, proximal femur and calcaneus were used to assess the maturity of each bone in comparison to references for modern humans and for wild chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes)...
May 2, 2017: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457512/sex-prediction-potential-of-hyoid-metric-measurements-in-iranian-adults
#6
Siamak Soltani, Kamran Aghakhani, Fardin Fallah
OBJECTIVES: Human hyoid is sexually dimorphic and is useful for sexing unknown skeletal remains. We aimed to find sex prediction potential of three linear dimensions of hyoid bones obtained from a series of cadavers with Persian ethnicity. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was carried out in 2015 at Forensic Pathology Organization of Tehran, Iran. We directly measured three linear dimensions of a series of hyoid samples obtained from cadavers during their neck autopsy in a convenience method...
March 2017: Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448582/comparison-of-multiple-obesity-indices-for-cardiovascular-disease-risk-classification-in-south-asian-adults-the-carrs-study
#7
Shivani A Patel, Mohan Deepa, Roopa Shivashankar, Mohammed K Ali, Deksha Kapoor, Ruby Gupta, Dorothy Lall, Nikhil Tandon, Viswanathan Mohan, M Masood Kadir, Zafar Fatmi, Dorairaj Prabhakaran, K M Venkat Narayan
BACKGROUND: We comparatively assessed the performance of six simple obesity indices to identify adults with cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors in a diverse and contemporary South Asian population. METHODS: 8,892 participants aged 20-60 years in 2010-2011 were analyzed. Six obesity indices were examined: body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), waist-height ratio (WHtR), waist-hip ratio (WHR), log of the sum of triceps and subscapular skin fold thickness (LTS), and percent body fat derived from bioelectric impedance analysis (BIA)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444432/childhood-growth-predicts-higher-bone-mass-and-greater-bone-area-in-early-old-age-findings-among-a-subgroup-of-women-from-the-helsinki-birth-cohort-study
#8
T M Mikkola, M B von Bonsdorff, C Osmond, M K Salonen, E Kajantie, C Cooper, M J Välimäki, J G Eriksson
We examined the associations between childhood growth and bone properties among women at early old age. Early growth in height predicted greater bone area and higher bone mineral mass. However, information on growth did not improve prediction of bone properties beyond that predicted by body size at early old age. INTRODUCTION: We examined the associations between body size at birth and childhood growth with bone area, bone mineral content (BMC), and areal bone mineral density (aBMD) in early old age...
April 25, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427375/relation-between-metabolic-syndrome-and-body-compositions-among-chinese-adolescents-and-adults-from-a-large-scale-population-survey
#9
Tao Xu, Junting Liu, Junxiu Liu, Guangjin Zhu, Shaomei Han
BACKGROUND: Few nationally representative surveys regarding body composition and metabolic syndrome (MetS) have been done in a large-scale representative Chinese population to explore the prediction of body composition indicators for MetS. The objective of this study was to examine the relation of body composition and MetS and to determine the optimal cut-off values of body composition indicators that predict MetS in a large representative Chinese sample based on multiple provinces and ethnicities, covering a broad age range from 10 to 80 years old...
April 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420569/identification-of-factors-predicting-scar-outcome-after-burn-in-adults-a-prospective-case-control-study
#10
Hilary J Wallace, Mark W Fear, Margaret M Crowe, Lisa J Martin, Fiona M Wood
This study examined influences on scarring after burn in a prospective study using a defined outcome measure: scar height measured by a modified Vancouver Scar Scale (mVSS). A prospective case-control study was conducted among 616 adult subjects who sustained a burn in Western Australia. Patient factors influencing scar outcome including gender, Fitzpatrick skin type and selected co-morbidities were explored, as well as injury and clinical factors. A logistic regression model for raised scar after burn was developed which achieved an overall correct prediction rate of 81...
April 15, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417009/revised-definition-of-predicted-left-ventricular-mass-using-ambulatory-blood-pressure-in-healthy-korean-adults
#11
Bae Keun Kim, Enshi Xu, Bo Youl Choi, Yonggu Lee, Soon Gil Kim, Yukio Yamori, Jinho Shin
BACKGROUND: Left ventricular hypertrophy is influenced by both hemodynamic and non-hemodynamic factors. Ambulatory blood pressure is correlated with left ventricular hypertrophy. We established the influences of hemodynamic and non-hemodynamic factors, including ambulatory blood pressure, on variation in left ventricular mass in healthy Korean adults. METHOD: We included 172 subjects (male = 71, female = 101), with normal body mass index and blood pressure, in an analysis of data from the Yangpyung and Yeoju cohort studies and a tertiary cardiovascular center...
2017: Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409769/investigation-of-the-relationship-between-anthropometric-measurements-and-maximal-handgrip-strength-in-young-adults
#12
Christopher Eidson, Gavin R Jenkins, Hon K Yuen, Anne Abernathy, Mary Beth Brannon, Anna Pung, Kiara Ward, Tara Weaver
BACKGROUND: To identify physical measures that predict maximal handgrip strength (MHGS) and provide evidence for identifying lack of maximum effort with assessing upper extremity weakness. OBJECTIVE: This study investigated anthropometric measurements associated with MHGS of healthy young adults. METHODS: A convenience sample of 150 healthy adults ages 19 to 34 years old completed the MHGS assessment, which was measured using a Jamar dynamometer according to the protocol of the American Society of Hand Therapists, for both dominant and non-dominant hands...
April 12, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389120/reference-equations-for-handgrip-strength-normative-values-in-young-adult-and-middle-aged-subjects
#13
Jordão Lopes, Samantha Torres Grams, Edy Floriano da Silva, Luana Adriano de Medeiros, Christina May Moran de Brito, Wellington Pereira Yamaguti
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Handgrip strength (HS) has been widely used as a functionality parameter of the upper limbs (UL) and general health. The measurement of HS by dynamometry is a low cost, non-invasive method of simple applicability, widely used in pulmonary rehabilitation and in critical care units. However, there are no reports in the literature of reference equations for the Brazilian population involving young and middle-aged adults. The aim of this study was to establish reference equations to predict normal HS for young and middle-aged adults through demographic and anthropometric data...
March 24, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379964/body-weight-affects-%C3%AF-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acid-pufa-accumulation-in-youth-following-supplementation-in-post-hoc-analyses-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Lisa M Christian, Andrea S Young, Amanda M Mitchell, Martha A Belury, Barbara L Gracious, L Eugene Arnold, Mary A Fristad
Guidelines for suggested intake of ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) are limited in youth and rely primarily on age. However, body weight varies considerably within age classifications. The current analyses examined effects of body weight and body mass index (BMI) on fatty acid accumulation in 64 youth (7-14 years) with a diagnosed mood disorder in a double-blind randomized-controlled trial (2000mg ω-3 supplements or a control capsule) across 12 weeks. Weight and height were measured at the first study visit and EPA and DHA levels were determined using fasting blood samples obtained at both the first and end-of-study visits...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374508/free-triiodothyronine-free-thyroxine-ratio-rather-than-thyrotropin-is-more-associated-with-metabolic-parameters-in-healthy-euthyroid-adult-subjects
#15
So Young Park, Se Eun Park, Sang Won Jung, Hyun Seok Jin, Ie Byung Park, Song Vogue Ahn, Sihoon Lee
OBJECTIVE: The interrelation between TSH, thyroid hormones and metabolic parameters is complex and has not been confirmed. This study aimed to determine the association of TSH and thyroid hormones in euthyroid subjects and the relationship between thyroid function and metabolic risk factors. Furthermore, this study examined whether thyroid function has predictive power for metabolic syndrome. DESIGN: This is a cross-sectional study that included subjects in a medical health check-up programme at a single institution...
April 4, 2017: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369312/depressive-disorder-subtypes-as-predictors-of-incident-obesity-in-us-adults-moderation-by-race-ethnicity
#16
Brittanny M Polanka, Elizabeth A Vrany, Jay Patel, Jesse C Stewart
We compared the relative importance of atypical major depressive disorder (MDD), nonatypical MDD, and dysthymic disorder in predicting 3-year obesity incidence and change in body mass index and determined whether race/ethnicity moderated these relationships. We examined data from 17,787 initially nonobese adults in the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions waves 1 (2001-2002) and 2 (2004-2005) who were representative of the US population. Lifetime subtypes of depressive disorders were determined using a structured interview, and obesity outcomes were computed from self-reported height and weight...
May 1, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364286/adult-height-after-spontaneous-pubertal-growth-or-gnrh-analog-treatment-in-girls-with-early-puberty-a-meta-analysis
#17
Silvano Bertelloni, Francesco Massart, Mario Miccoli, Giampiero I Baroncelli
Early puberty (EP) has been defined as the onset of puberty in the low-normal range; it may be a cause for concern regarding a possible impairment of adult height (AH). This paper meta-analysed data on AH after spontaneous growth or after gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) analog treatment in girls with EP. A computerized literature search was conducted from 1980 to June 30, 2016. Only published studies in English were considered. Eight papers were selected (483 cases). In untreated girls (n = 300), predicted adult height (PAH) at start of follow-up (-0...
June 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363804/clusters-of-healthy-and-unhealthy-eating-behaviors-are-associated-with-body-mass-index-among-adults
#18
William J Heerman, Natalie Jackson, Margaret Hargreaves, Shelagh A Mulvaney, David Schlundt, Kenneth A Wallston, Russell L Rothman
OBJECTIVE: To identify eating styles from 6 eating behaviors and test their association with body mass index (BMI) among adults. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis of self-report survey data. SETTING: Twelve primary care and specialty clinics in 5 states. PARTICIPANTS: Of 11,776 adult patients who consented to participate, 9,977 completed survey questions. VARIABLES MEASURED: Frequency of eating healthy food, frequency of eating unhealthy food, breakfast frequency, frequency of snacking, overall diet quality, and problem eating behaviors...
March 28, 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353471/the-phenylephrine-test-revisited
#19
Arpine Barsegian, Adam Botwinick, Harsha S Reddy
PURPOSE: To characterize the phenylephrine test in ptotic patients to help clinicians perform the test more efficiently. METHODS: Adults with involutional ptosis (n = 24, 30 eyes) were assessed with digital photographs for response to topical 2.5% phenylephrine drop instillation. Patient characteristics (age, gender, iris color, dermatochalasis, brow ptosis, and baseline marginal reflex distance-1 [MRD-1] height) were recorded. From the photographs, change in (MRD-1), presence of conjunctival blanching, pupillary dilation, and Hering effect were recorded at specified time intervals, 1 minute to 1 hour after drop placement...
March 28, 2017: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343369/heavier-birth-weight-associated-with-taller-height-but-not-age-at-menarche-in-us-women-born-1991-1998
#20
Megan Workman, Karina Kelly
OBJECTIVES: Heavier birth weight predicts taller adult height, but it remains unknown the extent to which this additional height increment results from a faster average growth rate versus an extension of the growth period. Aiming to distinguish these effects, this study examined associations between birth weight (BW), age at menarche (an established proxy for growth duration), and near-adult height in a cohort of US young women born in the 1990s. METHODS: Multiple regression evaluated age-adjusted height as an outcome of BW, age at menarche, indicators of family socioeconomic status, and other potential confounders in a sample of US teens who participated in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey between 2007 and 2012 (N = 342)...
March 26, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
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