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External connection implant

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351113/fatigue-failure-of-external-hexagon-connections-on-cemented-implant-supported-crowns
#1
João Malta Barbosa, Daniel Navarro da Rocha, Ronaldo Hirata, Gileade Freitas, Estevam A Bonfante, Paulo G Coelho
PURPOSE: To evaluate the probability of survival and failure modes of different external hexagon connection systems restored with anterior cement-retained single-unit crowns. The postulated null hypothesis was that there would be no differences under accelerated life testing. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-four external hexagon dental implants (∼4 mm diameter) were used for single cement-retained crown replacement and divided into 3 groups: (3i) Full OSSEOTITE, Biomet 3i (n = 18); (OL) OEX P4, Osseolife Implants (n = 18); and (IL) Unihex, Intra-Lock International (n = 18)...
January 17, 2018: Implant Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340754/preoperative-evaluation-of-cochlear-implantation-through-the-round-window-membrane-in-the-facial-recess-using-high-resolution-computed-tomography
#2
Li-Hong Xie, Jie Tang, Wen-Jie Miao, Xiang-Long Tang, Heng Li, An-Zhou Tang
PURPOSE: We evaluated the risk of cochlear implantation through the round window membrane in the facial recess through a preoperative analysis of the angle between the facial nerve-round window and the cranial midline using high-resolution temporal bone CT. METHODS: Temporal bone CT films of 176 patients with profound sensorineural hearing loss at our hospital from 2013 to 2015 were reviewed. The preoperative temporal bone CT scans of the patients were retrospectively analysed...
January 16, 2018: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340343/what-is-the-impact-of-epstein-barr-virus-in-peri-implant-infection
#3
Luigi Canullo, Paolo Pesce, Daniele Botticelli, Ugo Covani, Sasha Jankovic, Tanja Jovanovic, Mia Rakic
PURPOSE: To compare the qualitative and quantitative profile of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) at external and internal implant surfaces between participants with peri-implantitis and healthy peri-implant tissues and to quantitatively assess the relation between EBV and periopathogens inside the microbiologic profile associated with peri-implantitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Microbiologic specimens were retrieved from 84 patients wearing 190 implants to estimate the levels of EBV and 10 periopathogens in the peri-implant pocket and internal-implant connection using quantitative polymerase chain reaction...
January 2018: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302289/preload-loss-of-abutment-screws-after-dynamic-fatigue-in-single-implant-supported-restorations-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Beatriz Pardal-Peláez, Javier Montero
Background: To carry out a systematic literature review of the causes of preload loss of the abutment screws, of internal and external connection implants, tightened to different torque values and subjected to cyclic loading. Material and Methods: A systematic search was conducted in PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library databases with reference to in vitro studies in which internal and external connection implants were subjected to cyclic loads to determine the degree of loosening of the abutment screws after loading...
November 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285325/a-new-system-of-implant-abutment-connection-how-to-improve-a-two-piece-implant-system-sealing
#5
F Grecchi, M DI Girolamo, F Cura, V Candotto, F Carinci
Purpose: Implant dentistry has become one of the most successful dentistry techniques for replacing missing teeth. The success rate of implant dentistry is above 80%. However, peri-implantitis is a later complication of implant dentistry that if untreated, can lead to implant loss. One of the hypotized causes of peri-implantis is the bacterial leakage at the level of implant-abutment connection. Bacterial leakage is favored to the presence of a micro gap at the implant-abutment interface, allowing microorganisms to penetrate and colonize the inner part of the implant leading to biofilm accumulation and consequently to peri-implantitis development...
July 2017: Oral & Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239053/effect-of-implant-connection-type-and-depth-on-the-seating-accuracy-of-hand-tightened-abutments
#6
Hakimeh Siadat, Simin Belbasi, Marzieh Alikhasi, Vahideh Nazari, Elaheh Beyabanaki
PURPOSE: Improper seating of abutment on the implant is a common problem. This study investigated the effect of the type of implant/abutment interface on the complete seating of the abutments on the head of implants placed at different gingival depths. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three implant systems with three different connections including straight external hexagon, butt-joint internal tri-lobed, and conical internal hexagon were used. Two gingival thicknesses (2 and 7 mm) were created using pink baseplate wax around the straight abutments seated on the implants...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221955/comparison-of-external-and-internal-implant-abutment-connections-for-implant-supported-prostheses-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
Cleidiel Aparecido Araujo Lemos, Fellippo Ramos Verri, Estevam Augusto Bonfante, Joel Ferreira Santiago, Eduardo Piza Pellizzer
OBJECTIVE: The systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to answer the PICO question: "Do patients that received external connection implants show similar marginal bone loss, implant survival and complication rates as internal connection implants?". DATA: Meta-analyses of marginal bone loss, survival rates of implants and complications rates were performed for the included studies. Study eligibility criteria included (1) randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and/or prospective, (2) studies with at least 10 patients, (3) direct comparison between connection types and (4) publications in English language...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128717/in-vivo-bioelectronic-nose-using-transgenic-mice-for-specific-odor-detection
#8
Keqiang Gao, Songmin Li, Liujing Zhuang, Zhen Qin, Bin Zhang, Liquan Huang, Ping Wang
The olfactory system is a natural biosensor since its peripheral olfactory sensory neurons (OSNs) respond to the external stimuli and transmit the signals to the olfactory bulb (OB) where they are integrated and processed. The axonal connections from the OSNs expressing about 1000 different types of odorant receptors are precisely organized and sorted out onto 1800 glomeruli in the OB, from which the olfactory information is delivered to and perceived by the central nervous system. This process is carried out with particularly high sensitivity, specificity and rapidity, which can be used for explosive detection...
October 10, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094038/intracorporeal-heat-distribution-from-fully-implantable-energy-sources-for-mechanical-circulatory-support-a-computational-proof-of-concept-study
#9
Jacopo Biasetti, Aliaksei Pustavoitau, Pier Giorgio Spazzini
Mechanical circulatory support devices, such as total artificial hearts and left ventricular assist devices, rely on external energy sources for their continuous operation. Clinically approved power supplies rely on percutaneous cables connecting an external energy source to the implanted device with the associated risk of infections. One alternative, investigated in the 70s and 80s, employs a fully implanted nuclear power source. The heat generated by the nuclear decay can be converted into electricity to power circulatory support devices...
2017: Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082637/peripheral-nerve-stimulation-for-painful-mononeuropathy-secondary-to-leprosy-a-12-month-follow-up-study
#10
Tiago da Silva Freitas, Erich Talamoni Fonoff, Oswaldo Ribeiro Marquez Neto, Iruena Moraes Kessler, Laura Mendes Barros, Ronan Wilk Guimaraes, Monalisa Ferreira Azevedo
OBJECTIVE: Leprosy affects approximately 10-15 million patients worldwide and remains a relevant public health issue. Chronic pain secondary to leprosy is a primary cause of morbidity, and its treatment remains a challenge. We evaluated the feasibility and safety of peripheral nerve stimulation (PNS) for painful mononeuropathy secondary to leprosy that is refractory to pharmacological therapy and surgical intervention (decompression). METHODS: Between 2011 and 2013 twenty-three patients with painful mononeuropathy secondary to leprosy were recruited to this prospective case series...
October 29, 2017: Neuromodulation: Journal of the International Neuromodulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067533/double-flanged-haptic-and-capsular-tension-ring-or-segment-for-sutureless-fixation-in-zonular-instability
#11
Sergio Canabrava, Leticia Bernardino, Thais Batisteli, Gabriella Lopes, Alberto Diniz-Filho
PURPOSE: This paper introduces a surgical technique for the sutureless management of zonular dialysis greater than 120° using a capsular tension segment (CTS) or a modified capsular tension ring (m-CTR; CTR with suturing eyelets) and a haptic removed from a 3-piece polypropylene IOL. METHODS: A CTR is used as normal. Cataract removal is followed by connection of the CTS or m-CTR to the single haptic and created using heat to make a flange in one haptic's extremity...
October 24, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059850/rodent-wearable-ultrasound-system-for-wireless-neural-recording
#12
David K Piech, Joshua E Kay, Bernhard E Boser, Michel M Maharbiz
Advances in minimally-invasive, distributed biological interface nodes enable possibilities for networks of sensors and actuators to connect the brain with external devices. The recent development of the neural dust sensor mote has shown that utilizing ultrasound backscatter communication enables untethered sub-mm neural recording devices. These implanted sensor motes require a wearable external ultrasound interrogation device to enable in-vivo, freely-behaving neural interface experiments. However, minimizing the complexity and size of the implanted sensors shifts the power and processing burden to the external interrogator...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045017/connecting-biology-to-electronics-molecular-communication-via-redox-modality
#13
REVIEW
Yi Liu, Jinyang Li, Tanya Tschirhart, Jessica L Terrell, Eunkyoung Kim, Chen-Yu Tsao, Deanna L Kelly, William E Bentley, Gregory F Payne
Biology and electronics are both expert at for accessing, analyzing, and responding to information. Biology uses ions, small molecules, and macromolecules to receive, analyze, store, and transmit information, whereas electronic devices receive input in the form of electromagnetic radiation, process the information using electrons, and then transmit output as electromagnetic waves. Generating the capabilities to connect biology-electronic modalities offers exciting opportunities to shape the future of biosensors, point-of-care medicine, and wearable/implantable devices...
October 18, 2017: Advanced Healthcare Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039642/self-powered-nanocomposites-under-an-external-rotating-magnetic-field-for-noninvasive-external-power-supply-electrical-stimulation
#14
Fengluan Wu, Long Jin, Xiaotong Zheng, Bingyun Yan, Pandeng Tang, Huikai Yang, Weili Deng, Weiqing Yang
Electrical stimulation in biology and gene expression has attracted considerable attention in recent years. However, it is inconvenient that the electric stimulation needs to be supplied an implanted power-transported wire connecting the external power supply. Here, we fabricated a self-powered composite nanofiber (CNF) and developed an electric generating system to realize electrical stimulation based on the electromagnetic induction effect under an external rotating magnetic field. The self-powered CNFs generating an electric signal consist of modified MWNTs (m-MWNTs) coated Fe3O4/PCL fibers...
November 8, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971013/presurgical-thalamocortical-connectivity-is-associated-with-response-to-vagus-nerve-stimulation-in-children-with-intractable-epilepsy
#15
George M Ibrahim, Priya Sharma, Ann Hyslop, Magno R Guillen, Benjamin R Morgan, Simeon Wong, Taylor J Abel, Lior Elkaim, Iahn Cajigas, Ashish H Shah, Aria Fallah, Alexander G Weil, Nolan Altman, Byron Bernal, Santiago Medina, Elysa Widjaja, Prasanna Jayakar, John Ragheb, Sanjiv Bhatia
Although chronic vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) is an established treatment for medically-intractable childhood epilepsy, there is considerable heterogeneity in seizure response and little data are available to pre-operatively identify patients who may benefit from treatment. Since the therapeutic effect of VNS may be mediated by afferent projections to the thalamus, we tested the hypothesis that intrinsic thalamocortical connectivity is associated with seizure response following chronic VNS in children with epilepsy...
2017: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934739/differential-pressure-shunt-for-simultaneous-diversion-of-ventricular-fluid-and-extracerebral-fluid
#16
Daniel Craig, Ken R Winston, Zach Folzenlogen, Kathryn A Beauchamp
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The management of extracerebral collections of fluid in patients with hydrocephalus can be problematic for either their simultaneous separate management or sequential management, each of which may require multiple surgeries and the management of external drains. The object of this report is to review the experience with a shunt configuration that simultaneously diverts ventricular fluid and extracerebral fluid, whether subdural or subarachnoid in location, through different outflow resistances...
September 22, 2017: Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874994/comparison-of-fit-accuracy-and-torque-maintenance-of-zirconia-and-titanium-abutments-for-internal-tri-channel-and-external-hex-implant-connections
#17
Hakimeh Siadat, Elaheh Beyabanaki, Niloufar Mousavi, Marzieh Alikhasi
PURPOSE: This in vitro study aimed to evaluate the effect of implant connection design (external vs. internal) on the fit discrepancy and torque loss of zirconia and titanium abutments. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two regular platform dental implants, one with external connection (Brånemark, Nobel Biocare AB) and the other with internal connection (Noble Replace, Nobel Biocare AB), were selected. Seven titanium and seven customized zirconia abutments were used for each connection design...
August 2017: Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867525/a-customised-digitally-engineered-solution-for-fixed-dental-rehabilitation-in-severe-bone-deficiency-a-new-innovative-line-extension-in-implant-dentistry
#18
Nils-Claudius Gellrich, Rüdiger M Zimmerer, Simon Spalthoff, Philipp Jehn, Philipp-Cornelius Pott, Majeed Rana, Björn Rahlf
OBJECTIVES: Numerous procedures including soft and hard tissue reconstructions are necessary to allow for final implant-borne dental rehabilitation in patients with severe alveolar atrophy or resected jaws. In these cases, customised digitally engineered patient solutions for fixed or removable dental rehabilitation provide an innovative line extension to conventional implant dentistry. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A wax-up was performed on plaster models that were scanned by 3D laser...
October 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866149/three-dimensional-finite-element-analysis-of-occlusal-splint-and-implant-connection-on-stress-distribution-in-implant-supported-fixed-dental-prosthesis-and-peri-implantal-bone
#19
Vívian Dos Santos Marsico, Roberto Brunow Lehmann, Cristiane Aparecida de Assis Claro, Marina Amaral, Rafael Pino Vitti, Ana Christina Claro Neves, Lais Regiane da Silva Concilio
The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of occlusal splint therapy on the stress distribution of implant-supported fixed dental prosthesis (FDP) and peri-implantal bone structures using three-dimensional (3D) finite element analysis (FEA). The system consisted of two implants (positioned on region of second premolar and second molar) as retainers of fixed porcelain-fused-to-metal 3-unit FDP (first molar as pontic element). Two implant connections systems (external and internal hexagon) were tested...
November 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842194/development-of-a-head-mounted-wireless-microstimulator-for-deep-brain-stimulation-in-rats
#20
Felix Fluri, Thomas Mützel, Michael K Schuhmann, Miloš Krstić, Heinz Endres, Jens Volkmann
BACKGROUND: Commercial neurostimulators for clinical use are effective in patients; however they are too large and prohibitively expensive for preclinical studies. Thus, there is an urgent need of a small inexpensive and wireless microstimulator which is fully programmable in frequency, pulse width and amplitude for rodent experiments. NEW METHODS: Rats were subjected to a photothrombotic stroke of the right sensorimotor cortex and a microelectrode was implanted in the right mesencephalic locomotor region...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Methods
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