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3D scan AND breast

Cheng-Hung Chiu
Background: Cell-assisted lipotransfer (CAL) has been considered a promising technique for promoting adipogenesis and angiogenesis in fat grafts. Objectives: The author sought to objectively analyze the change of breast volume in patients who underwent stromal vascular fraction (SVF)-enriched fat grafting for breast augmentation and compared the clinical results with those who underwent conventional fat grafting without SVF by using 3D laser scanning. Methods: From April 2015 to March 2016, 105 patients who underwent traditional fat grafting without SVF enrichment for breast augmentation were assigned to group A and served as the control...
February 9, 2018: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
Li Yin, Ruigang Lu, Wen Cao, Lingling Zhang, Wenjing Li, Hong Sun, Ruijun Guo
OBJECTIVES: Two-dimensional (2D) shear wave elastography (SWE) can measure the elasticity of skeletal muscle, tendons, and ligaments. Three-dimensional (3D) SWE has been used to detect breast cancer but has not been applied to the musculoskeletal system. This study aimed to investigate whether 3D SWE could be used in skeletal muscles in vivo. METHODS: The study enrolled 20 healthy volunteers at Beijing Chaoyang Hospital from August to October 2016. Two-dimensional and 3D SWE scans were used to measure the Young modulus of the flexor carpi radialis in the relaxed state...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
M Aghili, M Barzegartahamtan, A Alikhassi, R Mohammadpour
PURPOSE: Historically, electron boost dose mainly was delivered by a direct field in adjuvant radiotherapy of breast cancer. In this prospective study, we investigated direct electron field, in terms of optimal coverage of tumour bed volume following localization using ultrasound and surgical clips. MATERIAL AND METHODS: First, for all 24 patients, a breast sonographer drew perimeter of tumour bed on the breast skin. Then an electron boost field was outlined on the demarcated territory, and a lead wire marker compatible with CT scan was placed on the field borders by a 2cm margin...
February 2, 2018: Cancer Radiothérapie: Journal de la Société Française de Radiothérapie Oncologique
Gezheng Wen, Mia K Markey, Tamara Miner Haygood, Subok Park
Model observers are widely used in task-based assessments of medical image quality. The presence of multiple abnormalities in a single set of images, such as in multifocal multicentric breast cancer (MFMC), has an immense clinical impact on treatment planning and survival outcomes. Detecting multiple breast tumors is challenging as MFMC is relatively uncommon, and human observers do not know the number or locations of tumors a priori. Digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT), in which an x-ray beam sweeps over a limited angular range across the breast, has the potential to improve the detection of multiple tumors...
January 29, 2018: Physics in Medicine and Biology
Yiqing Cai, Lihua Chen, Winnie Yu, Jie Zhou, Frances Wan, Minyoung Suh, Daniel Hung-Kay Chow
Previous models to predict breast movement whilst performing physical activities have, erroneously, assumed uniform elasticity within the breast. Consequently, the predicted displacements have not yet been satisfactorily validated. In this study, real time motion capture of the natural vibrations of a breast that followed, after raising and allowing it to fall freely, revealed an obvious difference in the vibration characteristics above and below the static equilibrium position. This implied that the elastic and viscous damping properties of a breast could vary under extension or compression...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
Emmanuel Kammerer, Jennifer Le Guevelou, Abdulhamid Chaikh, Serge Danhier, Julien Geffrelot, Christelle Levy, Eric Saloux, Jean-Louis Habrand, Juliette Thariat
BACKGROUND: Radiation therapy plays a major role in the management of adjuvant breast cancer with nodal involvement, with an iatrogenic increase of cardio-vascular risk. Photon therapy, even with intensity modulation, has the downsides of high mean heart dose and heterogeneous target coverage, particularly in the case of internal mammary irradiation. This systematic review of the literature aims to evaluate proton therapy in locally advanced breast cancer. MATERIAL AND METHODS: PubMed was searched for original full-text articles with the following search terms: «Proton Therapy» and «Breast Cancer»...
February 2018: Cancer Treatment Reviews
Richa Agarwal, Oliver Diaz, Xavier Lladó, Albert Gubern-Mérida, Joan C Vilanova, Robert Martí
Mammography is the gold standard screening technique in breast cancer, but it has some limitations for women with dense breasts. In such cases, sonography is usually recommended as an additional imaging technique. A traditional sonogram produces a two-dimensional (2D) visualization of the breast and is highly operator dependent. Automated breast ultrasound (ABUS) has also been proposed to produce a full 3D scan of the breast automatically with reduced operator dependency, facilitating double reading and comparison with past exams...
March 2018: Ultrasonic Imaging
Massimiliano M Villone, Pasquale Memmolo, Francesco Merola, Martina Mugnano, Lisa Miccio, Pier Luca Maffettone, Pietro Ferraro
We report a reliable full-angle tomographic phase microscopy (FA-TPM) method for flowing quasi-spherical cells along microfluidic channels. This method lies in a completely passive optical system, i.e. mechanical scanning or multi-direction probing of the sample is avoided. It exploits the engineered rolling of cells while they are flowing along a microfluidic channel. Here we demonstrate significant progress with respect to the state of the art of in-flow TPM by showing a general extension to cells having almost spherical shapes while they are flowing in suspension...
December 19, 2017: Lab on a Chip
Muhammad Omer, Elise C Fear
Anatomically realistic numerical breast models are essential tools for microwave breast imaging, supporting feasibility analysis, performance verification, and design improvements. Patient-specific models also assist in interpreting the results of the patient studies conducted on microwave imaging prototype systems. The proposed method employs automated and robust 3D processing techniques to construct flexible and reconfigurable breast models. These techniques include noise and artifact suppression with a principal component analysis (PCA) approach, and oversampling of the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data to enhance the intensity continuity...
November 13, 2017: Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing
Dong Dai, Xiuyu Song, Man Wang, Lin Li, Wenchao Ma, Wengui Xu, Yunchuan Ma, Juntian Liu, Jin Zhang, Peifang Liu, Xiaoyue Gu, Yusheng Su
Objective: To compare the diagnostic performance of three-dimensional (3D) positron emission mammography (PEM) versus whole body positron emission tomography (WBPET) for breast cancer. Methods: A total of 410 women with normal breast or benign or highly suspicious malignant tumors were randomized at 1 : 1 ratio to undergo 3D-PEM followed by WBPET or WBPET followed by 3D-PEM. Lumpectomy or mastectomy was performed on eligible participants after the scanning. Results: The sensitivity and specificity of 3D-PEM were 92...
2017: Contrast Media & Molecular Imaging
David M McClatchy, Elizabeth J Rizzo, Jeff Meganck, Josh Kempner, Jared Vicory, Wendy A Wells, Keith D Paulsen, Brian W Pogue
A multimodal micro-computed tomography (CT) and multi-spectral structured light imaging (SLI) system is introduced and systematically analyzed to test its feasibility to aid in margin delineation during breast conserving surgery (BCS). Phantom analysis of the micro-CT yielded a signal-to-noise ratio of 34, a contrast of 1.64, and a minimum detectable resolution of 240 μm for a 1.2 min scan. The SLI system, spanning wavelengths 490 nm to 800 nm and spatial frequencies up to 1.37 [Formula: see text], was evaluated with aqueous tissue simulating phantoms having variations in particle size distribution, scatter density, and blood volume fraction...
November 10, 2017: Physics in Medicine and Biology
Benjamin Brede, Alvaro Lau, Harm M Bartholomeus, Lammert Kooistra
In recent years, LIght Detection And Ranging (LiDAR) and especially Terrestrial Laser Scanning (TLS) systems have shown the potential to revolutionise forest structural characterisation by providing unprecedented 3D data. However, manned Airborne Laser Scanning (ALS) requires costly campaigns and produces relatively low point density, while TLS is labour intense and time demanding. Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV)-borne laser scanning can be the way in between. In this study, we present first results and experiences with the RIEGL RiCOPTER with VUX ® -1UAV ALS system and compare it with the well tested RIEGL VZ-400 TLS system...
October 17, 2017: Sensors
Douglas Kurrant, Anastasia Baran, Joe LoVetri, Elise Fear
PURPOSE: The authors have developed a method to combine a patient-specific map of tissue structure and average dielectric properties with microwave tomography. The patient-specific map is acquired with radar-based techniques and serves as prior information for microwave tomography. The impact that the degree of structural detail included in this prior information has on image quality was reported in a previous investigation. The aim of the present study is to extend this previous work by identifying and quantifying the impact that errors in the prior information have on image quality, including the reconstruction of internal structures and lesions embedded in fibroglandular tissue...
September 17, 2017: Medical Physics
Douglas Kurrant, Anastasia Baran, Joe LoVetri, Elise Fear
PURPOSE: The authors investigate the impact that incremental increases in the level of detail of patient-specific prior information have on image quality and the convergence behavior of an inversion algorithm in the context of near-field microwave breast imaging. A methodology is presented that uses image quality measures to characterize the ability of the algorithm to reconstruct both internal structures and lesions embedded in fibroglandular tissue. The approach permits key aspects that impact the quality of reconstruction of these structures to be identified and quantified...
September 17, 2017: Medical Physics
Yuan Le, Marcel Dominik Nickel, Stephan Kannengiesser, Berthold Kiefer, Bruce Spottiswoode, Brian Dale, Victor Soon, Chen Lin
OBJECTIVE: To develop a novel framework for evaluating the accuracy of quantitative analysis on dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) MRI with a specific combination of imaging technique, scanning parameters, and scanner and software performance and to test this framework with breast DCE MRI with Time-resolved angiography WIth Stochastic Trajectories (TWIST). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Realistic breast tumor phantoms were 3D printed as cavities and filled with solutions of MR contrast agent...
September 11, 2017: Magma
Natalia Saltybaeva, Hatem Alkadhi
PURPOSE: The objective of our study was to assess the effect of patient vertical off-centering on organ dose in chest CT with tube current modulation. METHODS: For this purpose, anthropomorphic phantoms representing adult male, female, and overweight male were scanned on 192-slice CT scanner at 11 different vertical positions (maximal off-centering ± 5 cm). Monte Carlo simulations were performed for each of the investigated setup, using tube current values extracted from the raw data, in order to obtain 3D dose distributions...
August 17, 2017: Medical Physics
Nicholas Bodenberger, Dennis Kubiczek, Frank Rosenau
Hydrogels are recognized as promising materials for cell culture applications due to their ability to provide highly hydrated cell environments. The field of 3D templates is rising due to the potential resemblance of those materials to the natural extracellular matrix. Protein-based hydrogels are particularly promising because they can easily be functionalized and can achieve defined structures with adjustable physicochemical properties. However, the production of macroporous 3D templates for cell culture applications using natural materials is often limited by their weaker mechanical properties compared to those of synthetic materials...
August 4, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Mohammad Hasanzadeh, Hossein Navay Baghban, Ahad Mokhtarzadeh, Nasrin Shadjou, Soltanali Mahboob
An innovative mediator-free electrochemical immunosensor for quantitation of p53 tumor suppressor protein based on signal amplification strategy was fabricated. In this work, biotin conjugated p53-antibody (anti-p53) was immobilized onto a green and biocompatible nanocomposite containing poly l-cysteine (P-Cys) as conductive matrix and 3D gold nanoparticles (GNPs) as signal amplification element. Therefore, a novel nanocomposite film based on P-Cys and GNPs was exploited to develop a highly sensitive immunosensor for detection of p53 protein...
December 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Daria Gauck, Silvia Keil, Bernd Niggemann, Kurt S Zänker, Thomas Dittmar
BACKGROUND: The biological phenomenon of cell fusion has been associated with cancer progression since it was determined that normal cell × tumor cell fusion-derived hybrid cells could exhibit novel properties, such as enhanced metastatogenic capacity or increased drug resistance, and even as a mechanism that could give rise to cancer stem/initiating cells (CS/ICs). CS/ICs have been proposed as cancer cells that exhibit stem cell properties, including the ability to (re)initiate tumor growth...
August 2, 2017: BMC Cancer
Osama Mohamad, Jean Shiao, Bo Zhao, Karen Roach, Ezequiel Ramirez, Dat T Vo, Kimberly Thomas, Xuejun Gu, Ann Spangler, Kevin Albuquerque, Asal Rahimi
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the utility of moderate deep inspiration breathhold (mDIBH) in reducing heart exposure in left breast cancer patients who have unfavorable cardiac anatomy and need internal mammary lymph node (IMLN) radiation therapy (RT). METHODS AND MATERIALS: We used maximum heart distance (MHD), defined as the maximum distance of the heart within the treatment field, >1 cm as a surrogate for unfavorable cardiac anatomy. Twenty-two left breast cancer patients with unfavorable cardiac anatomy requiring IMLN-RT underwent free-breathing (FB) and mDIBH computed tomography simulation and planning...
November 2017: Practical Radiation Oncology
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