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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811751/bioactive-potential-of-3d-printed-oleo-gum-resin-disks-b-papyrifera-c-myrrha-and-s-benzoin-loading-nanooxides-tio2-p25-cu2o-and-moo3
#1
Diogo José Horst, Sergio Mazurek Tebcherani, Evaldo Toniolo Kubaski, Rogério de Almeida Vieira
This experimental study investigates the bioactive potential of filaments produced via hot melt extrusion (HME) and intended for fused deposition modeling (FDM) 3D printing purposes. The oleo-gum-resins from benzoin, myrrha, and olibanum in pure state and also charged with 10% of metal oxide nanoparticles, TiO2, P25, Cu2O, and MoO3, were characterized by ultraviolet-visible (UV-Vis) and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, energy-dispersive X-ray microanalysis (EDXMA), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC)...
2017: Bioinorganic Chemistry and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810162/standardized-anthropological-measurement-of-postcranial-bones-using-three-dimensional-models-in-cad-software
#2
Mikaela S Reynolds, Donna M MacGregor, Mark D Barry, Nicolene Lottering, Beat Schmutz, Lance J Wilson, Matthew Meredith, Laura S Gregory
This study introduces a standardized protocol for conducting linear measurements of postcranial skeletal elements using three-dimensional (3D) models constructed from post-mortem computed tomography (PMCT) scans. Using femoral DICOM datasets, reference planes were generated and plane-to-plane measurements were conducted on 3D surface rendered models. Bicondylar length, epicondylar breadth, anterior-posterior (AP) diameter, medial-lateral (ML) diameter and cortical area at the midshaft were measured by four observers to test the measurement error variance and observer agreement of the protocol (n=6)...
July 26, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809697/geometric-and-photometric-consistency-in-a-mixed-video-and-galvanoscopic-scanning-laser-projection-mapping-system
#3
Petar Pjanic, Simon Willi, Anselm Grundhofer
We present a geometric calibration method to accurately register a galvanoscopic scanning laser projection system (GLP) based on 2D vector input data onto an arbitrarily complex 3D-shaped projection surface. This method allows for accurate merging of 3D vertex data displayed on the laser projector with geometrically calibrated standard rasterization-based video projectors that are registered to the same geometry. Because laser projectors send out a laser light beam via galvanoscopic mirrors, a standard pinhole model calibration procedure that is normally used for pixel raster displays projecting structured light patterns, such as Gray codes, cannot be carried out directly with sufficient accuracy as the rays do not converge into a single point...
August 10, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809629/-talar-neck-fractures-treated-using-percutaneous-screw-fixation
#4
R Veselý, M Kelbl, J Kacián, V Hulka, J Kočiš, R Kunovský
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY Closed reduction and percutaneous fixation of nondisplaced talar neck fractures have been applied by some authors. The aim of this paper is to assess the results and complications of this minimally invasive technique. MATERIAL AND METHODS In the period from 2009 to 2014, twenty-one patients with a talar neck fracture were observed after closed reduction and percutaneous screw fixation in the Traumatological Hospital in Brno. The mean age of the patients was 38 years (range 18-56 years)...
2017: Acta Chirurgiae Orthopaedicae et Traumatologiae Cechoslovaca
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799676/morphology-visualization-of-irregular-shape-bacteria-by-electron-holography-and-tomography
#5
Eduardo Ortega, Jesús Cantu-Valle, Germán Plascencia-Villa, Sandra Vergara, Fernando Mendoza-Santoyo, Alejandra Londono-Calderon, Ulises Santiago, Arturo Ponce
In the current work, irregular morphology of Staphylococcus aureus bacteria has been visualized by phase retrieval employing off-axis electron holography (EH) and 3D reconstruction electron tomography using high-angle annular dark field scanning transmission electron microscopy (HAADF-STEM). Bacteria interacting with gold nanoparticles (AuNP) acquired a shrunken or irregular shape due to air dehydration processing. STEM imaging shows the attachment of AuNP on the surface of cells and suggests an irregular 3D morphology of the specimen...
August 11, 2017: Microscopy Research and Technique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797577/comparison-of-two-dimensional-methods-versus-three-dimensional-scanning-systems-in-the-assessment-of-total-body-surface-area-estimation-in-burn-patients
#6
Helene Retrouvey, Justin Chan, Shahriar Shahrokhi
BACKGROUND: Accurate measurement of percent total body surface area (%TBSA) burn is crucial in the management of burn patients for calculating the estimated fluid resuscitation, determining the need to transfer to a specialized burn unit and probability of mortality. %TBSA can be estimated using many methods, all of which are relatively inaccurate. Three-dimensional (3D) systems have been developed to improve %TBSA calculation and consequently optimize clinical decision-making. The objective of this study was to compare the accuracy of percent total burn surface area calculation by conventional methods against novel 3D methods...
August 7, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792033/monolayer-to-thin-film-transition-in-supramolecular-assemblies-the-role-of-topological-protection
#7
Zachary P L Laker, Alexander J Marsden, Oreste De Luca, Ada Della Pia, Luís M A Perdigão, Giovanni Costantini, Neil R Wilson
The ability to control the transition from a two-dimensional (2D) monolayer to the three-dimensional (3D) molecular structure in the growth of organic layers on surfaces is essential for the production of functional thin films and devices. This has, however, proved to be extremely challenging, starting from the currently limited ability to attain a molecular scale characterization of this transition. Here, through innovative application of low-dose electron diffraction and aberration-corrected transmission electron microscopy (acTEM), combined with scanning tunneling microscopy (STM), we reveal the structural changes occurring as film thickness is increased from monolayer to tens of nanometers for supramolecular assembly of two prototypical benzenecarboxylic acids - terephthalic acid (TPA) and trimesic acid (TMA) - on graphene...
August 9, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791302/in-vitro-laser-treatment-platform-construction-with-dental-implant-thread-surface-on-bacterial-adhesion-for-peri-implantitis
#8
Hsien-Nan Kuo, Hsiang-I Mei, Tung-Kuan Liu, Tse-Ying Liu, Lun-Jou Lo, Chun-Li Lin
This study constructs a standard in vitro laser treatment platform with dental implant thread surface on bacterial adhesion for peri-implantitis at different tooth positions. The standard clinical adult tooth jaw model was scanned to construct the digital model with 6 mm bone loss depth on behalf of serious peri-implantitis at the incisor, first premolar, and first molar. A cylindrical suite connected to the implant and each tooth root in the jaw model was designed as one experimental unit set to allow the suite to be replaced for individual bacterial adhesion...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783194/rapid-all-dry-microfabrication-of-three-dimensional-co3o4-pt-nanonetworks-for-high-performance-microsupercapacitors
#9
Xinyu Ma, Shuxuan Feng, Liang He, Mengyu Yan, Xiaocong Tian, Yanxi Li, Chunjuan Tang, Xufeng Hong, Liqiang Mai
On-chip electrochemical energy storage devices have attracted growing attention due to the decreasing size of electronic devices. Various approaches have been applied for constructing the microsupercapacitors. However, the microfabrication of high-performance microsupercapacitors by conventional and fully compatible semiconductor microfabrication technologies is still a critical challenge. Herein, unique three-dimensional (3D) Co3O4 nanonetwork microelectrodes formed by the interconnection of Co3O4 nanosheets are constructed by controllable physical vapor deposition combined with rapid thermal annealing...
August 7, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782187/sensitive-three-dimensional-ultrasound-assessment-of-carotid-atherosclerosis-by-weighted-average-of-local-vessel-wall-and-plaque-thickness-change
#10
Jieyu Cheng, Eranga Ukwatta, Shadi Shavakh, Tommy W S Chow, Grace Parraga, J David Spence, Bernard Chiu
PURPOSE: Vitamin B deficiency has been identified as a risk factor for vascular events. However, the reduction of vascular events was not shown in large randomized controlled trials evaluating B-Vitamin therapy. There is an important requirement to develop sensitive biomarkers to be used as efficacy targets for B-Vitamin therapy as well as other dietary treatments and lifestyle regimes that are being developed. Carotid vessel-wall-plus-plaque thickness change (VWT-Change) measured from 3D ultrasound has been shown to be sensitive to atorvastatin therapies in previous studies...
August 7, 2017: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777958/in-situ-synthesis-of-3d-ga-on-titanium-wire-as-a-binder-free-electrode-for-electro-fenton-removing-of-edta-ni
#11
Shulong Wen, Zhuyu Niu, Zhen Zhang, Lianghao Li, Yuancai Chen
Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) could form stable complexes with toxic metals such as nickel due to its strong chelation. The three-dimensional (3D) macroporous graphene aerogels (GA), which was in-situ assembled by reduced graphene oxide (rGO) sheets on titanium wire as binder-free electrode, was presented as cathode for the degradation of EDTA-Ni in Electro-Fenton process. The X-ray diffraction (XRD), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Transmission Electron Microscope (TEM) and Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) results indicated 3D GA formed three dimensional architecture with large and homogenous macropore structure and surface area...
July 8, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774804/an-innovative-mediator-free-immunosensor-for-detection-of-tumor-suppressor-protein-p53-in-unprocessed-human-plasma-and-cancer-cell-lysates
#12
Mohammad Hasanzadeh, Hosein Navayebagban, Ahad Mokhtarzadeh, Nasrin Shadjou, Soltanali Mahboob
An innovative mediator-free electrochemical immunosensor for quantitation of p53 tumor suppressor protein based on signal amplification strategy was fabricated. In this work, biotin conjugated p53-antibody (anti-p53) was immobilized onto a green and biocompatible nanocomposite containing poly L-cysteine (P-Cys) as conductive matrix and 3D gold nanoparticles (GNPs) as signal amplification element. Therefore, a novel nanocomposite film based on P-Cys and GNPs was exploited to develop a highly sensitive immunosensor for detection of p53 protein...
July 31, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772694/development-and-application-of-wood-flour-filled-polylactic-acid-composite-filament-for-3d-printing
#13
Yubo Tao, Honglei Wang, Zelong Li, Peng Li, Sheldon Q Shi
This paper presents the development of wood flour (WF)-filled polylactic acid (PLA) composite filaments for a fused deposition modeling (FDM) process with the aim of application to 3D printing. The composite filament consists of wood flour (5 wt %) in a PLA matrix. The detailed formulation and characterization of the composite filament were investigated experimentally, including tensile properties, microstructure, thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and X-ray diffraction (XRD)...
March 24, 2017: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771971/do-we-need-a-new-ct-scan-for-retreatment-of-intracranial-srs-patients
#14
David Wiant, Matthew Manning, Kyle Koch, Jacqueline Maurer, Lane Hayes, Han Liu, Qingyang Shang, Benjamin Sintay
PURPOSE: To determine if the treatment planning computed tomography scan (CT) from an initial intracranial stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) treatment can be used for repeat courses of SRS. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Twenty-five patients with 40 brain metastases that received multiple courses of SRS were retrospectively studied. Magnetic resonance scans from repeat SRS (rMR) courses were registered to CT scans from the initial SRS (iCT) and repeat SRS (rCT). The CT scans were then registered to find the displacement of the rMR between iCT and rCT registrations...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771886/alternative-method-to-evaluate-the-adaptation-of-implant-supported-multi-unit-prosthetic-frameworks
#15
Ying Zhou, Yong Li, Xiao Ma, Yiqing Huang, Jiawei Wang
PURPOSE: Various methods to evaluate the adaptation of dental prostheses are available; however, only a few of these methods assess the adaptation of the framework as a whole. This study aimed to propose an alternative method to evaluate the adaptation of implant-supported multi-unit Co-Cr alloy frameworks. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A four-unit framework supported by two implants was designed using a computer. Six dots with a diameter of 0.2 mm were designed randomly using 3Shape software on the abutment surface of the framework for measurement...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768230/thermal-stress-analysis-of-ceramic-laminate-veneer-restorations-with-different-incisal-preparations-using-micro-computed-tomography-based-3d-finite-element-models
#16
Alper Tunga Celebi, Esra Icer, Meltem Mert Eren, Cengiz Baykasoglu, Ata Mugan, Esra Yildiz
Main objective of this study is to investigate the thermal behavior of ceramic laminate veneer restorations of the maxillary central incisor with different incisal preparations such as butt joint and palatinal chamfer using finite element method. In addition, it is also aimed to understand the effect of different thermal loads which simulates hot and cold liquid imbibing in the mouth. Three-dimensional solid models of the sound tooth and prepared veneer restorations were obtained using micro-computed tomography images...
July 27, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759306/skeletal-muscle-regeneration-involves-macrophage-myoblast-bonding
#17
Laura Cristina Ceafalan, Tudor Emanuel Fertig, Alexandru Cristian Popescu, Bogdan Ovidiu Popescu, Mihail Eugen Hinescu, Mihaela Gherghiceanu
Regeneration in adult skeletal muscle relies on the activation, proliferation, and fusion of myogenic precursor cells (MPC), mostly resident satellite cells (SC). However, the regulatory mechanism during this process is still under evaluation, with the final aim to manipulate regeneration when the intrinsic mechanism is corrupted. Furthermore, intercellular connections during skeletal muscle regeneration have not been previously thoroughly documented. Our hypothesis was that a direct and close cellular interaction between SC/MPC and invading myeloid cells is a key step in order to control regeneration...
July 31, 2017: Cell Adhesion & Migration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756658/polymers-for-3d-printing-and-customized-additive-manufacturing
#18
Samuel Clark Ligon, Robert Liska, Jürgen Stampfl, Matthias Gurr, Rolf Mülhaupt
Additive manufacturing (AM) alias 3D printing translates computer-aided design (CAD) virtual 3D models into physical objects. By digital slicing of CAD, 3D scan, or tomography data, AM builds objects layer by layer without the need for molds or machining. AM enables decentralized fabrication of customized objects on demand by exploiting digital information storage and retrieval via the Internet. The ongoing transition from rapid prototyping to rapid manufacturing prompts new challenges for mechanical engineers and materials scientists alike...
August 9, 2017: Chemical Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756622/fully-automatic-multi-organ-segmentation-in-normal-whole-body-magnetic-resonance-imaging-mri-using-classification-forests-cfs-convolutional-neural-networks-cnns-and-a-multi-atlas-ma-approach
#19
Ioannis Lavdas, Ben Glocker, Konstantinos Kamnitsas, Daniel Rueckert, Henrietta Mair, Amandeep Sandhu, Stuart A Taylor, Eric O Aboagye, Andrea G Rockall
PURPOSE: As part of a programme to implement automatic lesion detection methods for whole body magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in oncology, we have developed, evaluated and compared three algorithms for fully automatic, multi-organ segmentation in healthy volunteers. METHODS: The first algorithm is based on classification forests (CFs), the second is based on 3D convolutional neural networks (CNNs) and the third algorithm is based on a multi-atlas (MA) approach...
July 30, 2017: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746797/a-novel-quantitative-volumetric-spreading-index-definition-and-assessment-of-astrocyte-spreading-in-vitro
#20
Volkan Müjdat Tiryaki, Virginia M Ayres, Ijaz Ahmed, David I Shreiber
A novel quantitative volumetric spreading index (VSI) is defined that depends on the total distance between object voxels and the contact surface plane in three-dimensional (3D) space. The VSI, which ranges from 0 to 1, is rotationally invariant around the z-axis. VSI can be used to quantify the degree of individual cell spreading, which is important for analysis of cell interactions with their environment. The VSIs of astrocytes cultured on a nanofibrillar surface and three different comparative planar surfaces have been calculated from confocal laser scanning microscope z-series images, and the effects of both culture surface and immunoreactivity on the degree of cell spreading were investigated...
July 26, 2017: Cytometry. Part A: the Journal of the International Society for Analytical Cytology
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