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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875133/bennett-s-fracture-associated-with-fracture-of-trapezium-a-rare-injury-of-first-carpo-metacarpal-joint
#1
Tarun Goyal
Association of fracture of trapezium with Bennett's fracture is very rare and makes reduction and stabilisation more difficult. We are reporting a rare case of Bennett's fracture with fracture of the trapezium and subluxation of the carpo-metacarpal joint (CMC) joint. The patient was a 47-year-old school teacher who fell from his motorbike on his outstretched right dominant hand. Radiographs and computed tomography showed fracture of the trapezium with subluxation of the CMC joint, associated with Bennett's fracture...
August 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870229/potential-factors-associated-with-clinical-stage-of-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma-at-diagnosis-a-case-control-study
#2
Jun-Ting Ren, Meng-Yu Li, Xiao-Wen Wang, Wen-Qiong Xue, Ze-Fang Ren, Wei-Hua Jia
BACKGROUND: In China, most patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) are diagnosed at a late stage and consequently have a poor prognosis. This study aimed to investigate potential factors associated with the clinical stage of NPC at diagnosis. METHODS: Data were obtained from 118 patients with early-stage NPC and 274 with late-stage NPC who were treated at Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center between August 2014 and July 2015. Patients were individually matched by age, sex, and residence, and a conditional logistic regression model was applied to assess the associations of clinical stage at diagnosis with socioeconomic status indicators, knowledge of NPC, physical examinations, patient interval, and risk factors for NPC...
September 4, 2017: Chinese Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844364/factors-related-to-choice-of-place-of-birth-in-a-district-in-nepal
#3
Preeti K Mahato, Edwin van Teijlingen, Padam Simkhada, Zoe A Sheppard, Ram Chandra Silwal
OBJECTIVE: In Nepal, both percentage of women giving birth at health facility and proportion of birth assisted by skilled birth attendant is very low. The purpose of this research was to identify predictors for choice of place of birth: either at home, primary health care facility (including birthing centres) or at tertiary health care facilites (hospitals and clinics). METHODS: A cross-sectional household survey was conducted in seven village development committee of a district lying in plain area of Nepal: Nawalparasi...
October 2017: Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare: Official Journal of the Swedish Association of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712118/farm-injury-hospitalisations-in-new-south-wales-2010-to-2014
#4
Tony Lower, Rebecca J Mitchell
OBJECTIVE: To examine gender differences in the characteristics, treatment costs and health outcomes of farm injuries resulting in hospitalisation of New South Wales (NSW) residents. METHOD: A population-based study of individuals injured on a farm and admitted to hospital using linked hospital admission and mortality records from 1 January 2010 to 30 June 2014 in NSW. Health outcomes, including injury severity, hospital length of stay (LOS), 28-day readmission and 30-day mortality were examined by gender...
July 16, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615044/comparison-of-transportation-related-injury-mechanisms-and-outcome-of-young-road-users-and-adult-road-users-a-retrospective-analysis-on-24-373-patients-derived-from-the-traumaregister-dgu-%C3%A2
#5
MULTICENTER STUDY
Thomas Brockamp, Uli Schmucker, Rolf Lefering, Manuel Mutschler, Arne Driessen, Christian Probst, Bertil Bouillon, Paola Koenen
BACKGROUND: Most young people killed in road crashes are known as vulnerable road users. A combination of physical and developmental immaturity as well as inexperience increases the risk of road traffic accidents with a high injury severity rate. Understanding injury mechanism and pattern in a group of young road users may reduce morbidity and mortality. This study analyzes injury patterns and outcomes of young road users compared to adult road users. The comparison takes into account different transportation related injury mechanisms...
June 14, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544997/exposure-to-ultrafine-particles-in-different-transport-modes-in-the-city-of-rome
#6
Mario Grana, Nicola Toschi, Laura Vicentini, Antonio Pietroiusti, Andrea Magrini
There is evidence of adverse health impacts from human exposure to particulate air pollution, including increased rates of respiratory and cardiovascular illness, hospitalizations, and pre-mature mortality. Most recent hypotheses assign an important role to ultrafine particles (UFP) (<0.1 μm) and to associated transition metals (in particular Fe). In a large city like Rome, where many active people spend more than one hour per day in private or public transportation, it may be important to evaluate the level of exposure to harmful pollutants which occurs during urban travelling...
September 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507999/risk-factors-of-road-traffic-accidents-associated-mortality-in-northern-iran-a-single-center-experience-utilizing-oaxaca-blinder-decomposition
#7
Faranak Sherafati, Enayatollah Homaie-Rad, Abolhassan Afkar, Ramin Gholampoor-Sigaroodi, Soheil Sirusbakht
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the differences in death after receiving emergency services in traffic accidents between urban and rural regions, and decompose factors of the gap in Langerood, Northern Iran. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in Langrood, Northern Iran during a 1-year period from 2013 to 2014. The hospital data of traffic crashes were used. Data contained those patients who survived at the scene of accident. Injury severity score, time to admission, age, gender, season of crash and type of collision were variables used in this study...
April 2017: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427480/lessons-from-a-large-trauma-center-impact-of-blunt-chest-trauma-in-polytrauma-patients-still-a-relevant-problem
#8
REVIEW
Konstantina Chrysou, Gabriel Halat, Beatrix Hoksch, Ralph A Schmid, Gregor J Kocher
BACKGROUND: Thoracic trauma is the third most common cause of death after abdominal injury and head trauma in polytrauma patients. The purpose of this study was to investigate epidemiological data, treatment and outcome of polytrauma patients with blunt chest trauma in order to help improve management, prevent complications and decrease polytrauma patients' mortality. METHODS: In this retrospective study we included all polytrauma patients with blunt chest trauma admitted to our tertiary care center emergency department for a 2-year period, from June 2012 until May 2014...
April 20, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396063/-morel-lavall%C3%A3-e-syndrome-and-post-traumatic-nodular-fat-necrosis-two-post-traumatic-complications-mimicking-cellulitis
#9
C Moulin, I Barthélémy, C Emering, M D'Incan
BACKGROUND: Dermal and subcutaneous inflammation following direct trauma is initially evocative of soft-tissue infection. However, two differential diagnoses must be considered: Morel-Lavallée syndrome and post-traumatic nodular fat necrosis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Case 1: a 51-year-old woman fell off her motorbike and had dermabrasions on her right and left tibial ridges that rapidly developed into dermo-hypodermitis of the entire limb. There was no improvement after 3 weeks of antibiotics...
April 7, 2017: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359296/motorbike-handlebar-hernia-a-rare-traumatic-abdominal-wall-hernia-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#10
REVIEW
Frank-Leonel Tianyi, Valirie Ndip Agbor, Tsi Njim
BACKGROUND: Handlebar hernias are very rare and arise following a sudden force from a handle-like object impacting a focal area of the abdomen, which results in a disruption of the underlying abdominal muscle and fascia without necessarily disrupting the overlying skin. Other than a reducible swelling on the abdominal wall, the physical examination of such patients is usually unremarkable and the diagnosis could easily be missed. CASE PRESENTATION: An 8-year-old Cameroonian boy with no significant past history presented to our emergency service with a tender left flank swelling following a road traffic accident...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336419/scarf-related-injuries-at-a-major-trauma-center-in-northern-india
#11
Pritish Singh, Ashok Kumar, Vishal Shekhawat
PURPOSE: Scarf is a long loose piece of cloth worn around the neck and shoulder. Despite cultural association of this apparel, it is part of numerous injury episodes of varying enormity. Entanglement of loose scarf in spoke wheels of bike, tricycle, belt driven machines like sugarcane juice machine, thresher, grinding machines, etc is observed both in social and industrial milieu. This study aims to investigate the scarf-related injuries at a major trauma center in northern India. METHODS: From June 2013 to May 2015, a hospital-based prospective observational study was done in patients who presented to a level 1 trauma center in northern India with the mode of injury involving scarf around the neck...
April 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330797/flexible-intramedullary-nailing-for-treatment-of-proximal-humeral-and-humeral-shaft-fractures-in-children-a-retrospective-series-of-118-cases
#12
Z Pogorelić, S Kadić, K P Milunović, I Pintarić, M Jukić, D Furlan
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to analyze outcomes of treatment and complications in children treated with flexible intramedullary nailing (FIN) due to humeral fracture. HYPOTHESIS: The FIN for treatment of humeral fractures in children would allow an early functional and cast-free follow-up with a quick pain reduction and low complication rate. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From May 2002 until May 2016 case records of all children who underwent fixation with titanium intramedullary nails because of humeral fracture were retrospectively reviewed...
March 19, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287503/a-multisensing-setup-for-the-intelligent-tire-monitoring
#13
Francesco Coppo, Gianluca Pepe, Nicola Roveri, Antonio Carcaterra
The present paper offers the chance to experimentally measure, for the first time, the internal tire strain by optical fiber sensors during the tire rolling in real operating conditions. The phenomena that take place during the tire rolling are in fact far from being completely understood. Despite several models available in the technical literature, there is not a correspondently large set of experimental observations. The paper includes the detailed description of the new multi-sensing technology for an ongoing vehicle measurement, which the research group has developed in the context of the project OPTYRE...
March 12, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241883/the-number-of-displaced-rib-fractures-is-more-predictive-for-complications-in-chest-trauma-patients
#14
Chih-Ying Chien, Yu-Hsien Chen, Shih-Tsung Han, Gerald N Blaney, Ting-Shuo Huang, Kuan-Fu Chen
BACKGROUND: Traumatic rib fractures can cause chest complications that need further treatment and hospitalization. We hypothesized that an increase in the number of displaced rib fractures will be accompanied by an increase in chest complications. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the trauma registry between January 2013 and May 2015 in a teaching hospital in northeastern Taiwan. Patients admitted with chest trauma and rib fractures without concomitant severe brain, splenic, pelvic or liver injuries were included...
February 28, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018898/economic-costs-associated-with-motorbike-accidents-in-kathmandu-nepal
#15
Diksha Sapkota, Bihungum Bista, Shiva Raj Adhikari
BACKGROUND: Road traffic accidents, considered as global tragedies, are in increasing trend; however, the safety situation is very severe in developing countries incurring substantial amount of human, economic, and social costs. Motorcycle crashes, the commonest form, occur mostly in economically active population. However, there is limited number of studies on economic burden of motorcycle crashes. This study aims to estimate the total cost and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) lost due to motorbike accidents among victims of Kathmandu Valley...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995048/proposal-for-optimal-placement-platform-of-bikes-using-queueing-networks
#16
Shinya Mizuno, Shogo Iwamoto, Mutsumi Seki, Naokazu Yamaki
In recent social experiments, rental motorbikes and rental bicycles have been arranged at nodes, and environments where users can ride these bikes have been improved. When people borrow bikes, they return them to nearby nodes. Some experiments have been conducted using the models of Hamachari of Yokohama, the Niigata Rental Cycle, and Bicing. However, from these experiments, the effectiveness of distributing bikes was unclear, and many models were discontinued midway. Thus, we need to consider whether these models are effectively designed to represent the distribution system...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982427/death-due-to-decapitation-in-two-motorcyclists-a-description-of-a-unique-case-and-a-brief-review-of-the-literature
#17
Antonio Osculati, Silvia D Visonà, Laura Della Chiesa, Filippo Navarra, Andrea Calbi, Luisa Andrello
Deaths due to decapitation, especially related to traffic accidents, are rarely found in forensic practice. The present case involves a man and a woman who died from decapitation due to an unusual mechanism while they were riding on a motorbike down a mountain road. The autopsy, which was completed as a physics study, allowed the accident to be reconstructed as follows: A plastic cable that had detached from a timber-transporting machine whipped the road and hit the two motorcyclists. The impact resulted in the complete severing of both riders' heads...
May 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880022/active-commuting-to-school-was-inversely-associated-with-academic-achievement-in-primary-but-not-secondary-school-students
#18
Jose Mora-Gonzalez, Carlos Rodríguez-López, Cristina Cadenas-Sanchez, Manuel Herrador-Colmenero, Irene Esteban-Cornejo, Francisco J Huertas-Delgado, Daniel N Ardoy, Francisco B Ortega, Palma Chillón
AIM: Physical activity has numerous benefits for children when it comes to academic achievements. This study determined whether active commuting - walking or cycling - to school, as a way of increasing total physical activity levels, was associated with academic achievements in students aged seven to 18 years. METHODS: A total of 2138 students participated in the study, which took place in the 2012/2013 academic year in three Spanish cities. We used a self-reported questionnaire to assess how the students travelled to and from school and their final school grades...
February 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812072/descriptive-epidemiology-of-karachi-road-traffic-crash-mortality-from-2007-to-2014
#19
Rashid Jooma, Masood Ali Shaikh
According to World Health Organization's estimate for Pakistan, there were 25,781 (95% CI: 20,979-30582) Road Traffic Collision (RTC) fatalities in year 2013. The Road Traffic Injury Research and Prevention Center, collects RTC data on injuries and fatalities from five major public and private hospitals' emergency departments in Karachi. For the eight-year period, from 2007-2014, 9129 fatalities were recorded. Males accounted for 8008 (87.7%) all RTC fatalities. Highest number of fatalities were recorded in the 21-25 age group with 1329 (15...
November 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812068/dupatta-long-scarf-related-injuries-in-female-pillion-riders-in-karachi-pakistan
#20
Muhammad Saeed Minhas, Muhammad Muzzammil Sangani, Kashif Mehmood, Anissudin Bhatti, Ayesha Mughal, Ranjeet Kumar
OBJECTIVE: To assess the frequency, type of injuries and reason behind avoidable injuries due to dupatta entrapment in motorcycle wheels among female pillion riders. METHODS: This observational / descriptive study was conducted at the Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre, Karachi, from July 2013 to December 2014, and comprised female patients with dupatta-related motorbike injuries. The patients had injuries around head and neck, face, chest, abdomen, etc. SPSS 11 was used for data analysis...
November 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
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