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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764455/nerve-trauma-of-the-lower-extremity-evaluation-of-60-422-leg-injured-patients-from-the-traumaregister-dgu%C3%A2-between-2002-and-2015
#1
Torge Huckhagel, Jakob Nüchtern, Jan Regelsberger, Mathias Gelderblom, Rolf Lefering
BACKGROUND: Nerve lesions are well known reasons for reduced functional capacity and diminished quality of life. By now only a few epidemiological studies focus on lower extremity trauma related nerve injuries. This study reveals frequency and characteristics of nerve damages in patients with leg trauma in the European context. METHODS: Sixty thousand four hundred twenty-two significant limb trauma cases were derived from the TraumaRegister DGU® between 2002 and 2015...
May 15, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755382/effect-of-the-symbolic-meaning-of-speed-on-the-perceived-duration-of-children-and-adults
#2
Giovanna Mioni, Franca Stablum, Simon Grondin, Gianmarco Altoé, Dan Zakay
The present study investigated how the symbolic meaning of speed affects time perception in children and adults. We employed a time reproduction task in which participants were asked to reproduce temporal intervals previously presented. In Experiment 1, 45 primary school children and 22 university students performed a time reproduction task with cars (meaning of fastness) and trucks (meaning of slowness) presented for 11 and 21 s in static and moving conditions. Results showed that young children under-reproduced the duration more than the older children and adults, especially when the stimulus presented was a car...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596397/vehicle-mode-and-driving-activity-detection-based-on-analyzing-sensor-data-of-smartphones
#3
Dang-Nhac Lu, Duc-Nhan Nguyen, Thi-Hau Nguyen, Ha-Nam Nguyen
In this paper, we present a flexible combined system, namely the Vehicle mode-driving Activity Detection System (VADS), that is capable of detecting either the current vehicle mode or the current driving activity of travelers. Our proposed system is designed to be lightweight in computation and very fast in response to the changes of travelers' vehicle modes or driving events. The vehicle mode detection module is responsible for recognizing both motorized vehicles, such as cars, buses, and motorbikes, and non-motorized ones, for instance, walking, and bikes...
March 29, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29536178/dizziness-in-europe-from-licensed-fitness-to-drive-to-licence-without-fitness-to-drive
#4
Doreen Huppert, Dominik Straumann, Mans Magnusson, Ilmari Pyykkö, Thomas Brandt
A common European Community driving licence was established in 1980. However, there are major differences among the countries as regards medical conditions that legally affect driving ability. This article discusses various assessment guidelines for dizzy patients. These range from a total absence of specified binding requirements in Finland or regulations open to clinical interpretation in Switzerland, to inappropriately strict regulations in Germany. We focus on requirements for patients with vestibular disorders in Germany which have been in force since 2014...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29518501/traumatic-knee-dislocation-and-popliteal-artery-injury-a-case-series
#5
Christos D Karkos, Georgios Koudounas, Ioakeim T Giagtzidis, Maria-Aphroditi Mitka, Ioannis Pliatsios, Konstantinos O Papazoglou
Popliteal artery injury is a potentially limb-threatening complication of traumatic knee dislocation. We describe 2 such cases that had been treated in our unit over the last decade. The first one was a 23-year-old woman who injured her right knee during a long jump competition, and the second was a 27-year-old man who had a motorbike accident. Both suffered traumatic knee dislocation along with significant ligament and neurovascular injuries. In the first patient, the popliteal artery was found thrombosed due to intimal rupture and required thrombectomy and vein patch repair, whereas in the second patient, the artery was completely transected and required end-to-end anastomosis...
March 5, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462976/a-theoretical-and-empirical-linkage-between-road-accidents-and-binge-eating-behaviors-in-adolescence
#6
Silvia Cimino, Alessandra Simonelli, Micol Parolin, Giulia Ballarotto, Paola Carbone, Luca Cerniglia
This study aimed at identifying specific clusters of maladaptive emotional-behavioral symptoms in adolescent victims of motorbike collisions considering their scores on alexithymia and impulsivity in addition to examining the prevalence of clinical binge eating behaviors (respectively through the Youth Self-Report (YSR), Toronto Alexithymia Scale-20 (TAS-20), Barratt Impulsiveness Scale-11 (BIS-11), and Binge Eating Scale (BES)). Emotional-behavioral profiles, difficulties in identifying and describing feelings, impulsivity, and binge eating behaviors have been assessed in 159 adolescents addressing emergency departments following motorbike collisions...
February 17, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441767/-forensic-analysis-of-498-road-traffic-accident-deaths-in-haikou-city
#7
R Bai, M Chen
OBJECTIVES: To analyse the characteristics of road traffic accident deaths in Haikou city, and to provide reference for the identification of causes of death and the preventive measures. METHODS: Totally 498 road traffic accident deaths accepted by the Traffic Police Branch of Haikou City Public Security Bureau in 2014-2016 were collected, and the related parameters such as sex, age, time of the accidents, travel mode of the victims, the types of vehicle and the cause of death were analysed...
December 2017: Fa Yi Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320935/modified-dorsal-approach-in-the-management-of-lisfranc-injuries
#8
Andrew Philpott, Callum Lawford, Simon C Lau, Simon Chambers, Michael Bozin, Andrew Oppy
BACKGROUND: Open reduction and internal fixation of Lisfranc injuries has typically used multiple longitudinal incisions or a single transverse incision to approach the tarso-metatarsal joint (TMTJ). The incidence of wound-related complications is considerable. We describe a novel single-incision approach that utilizes subcutaneous windows to the medial TMTJ. METHODS: A retrospective review identified 150 patients who underwent open reduction and internal fixation for Lisfranc injuries, via the modified dorsal approach, at our center between January 2011 and June 2016...
January 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298314/improving-mapping-for-ebola-response-through-mobilising-a-local-community-with-self-owned-smartphones-tonkolili-district-sierra-leone-january-2015
#9
Laura M Nic Lochlainn, Ivan Gayton, Georgios Theocharopoulos, Robin Edwards, Kostas Danis, Ronald Kremer, Karline Kleijer, Sumaila M Tejan, Mohamed Sankoh, Augustin Jimissa, Jane Greig, Grazia Caleo
BACKGROUND: During the 2014-16 Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak, the Magburaka Ebola Management Centre (EMC) operated by Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) in Tonkolili District, Sierra Leone, identified that available district maps lacked up-to-date village information to facilitate timely implementation of EVD control strategies. In January 2015, we undertook a survey in chiefdoms within the MSF EMC catchment area to collect mapping and village data. We explore the feasibility and cost to mobilise a local community for this survey, describe validation against existing mapping sources and use of the data to prioritise areas for interventions, and lessons learned...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285350/outcome-determinants-of-snakebites-in-north-bihar-india-a-prospective-hospital-based-study
#10
Takanungsang Longkumer, Lois J Armstrong, Philip Finny
Bihar is the state with the third largest number of snakebite deaths per year in India. This prospective, one-year study of 608 snakebites provides the first data from Bihar on determinants of unfavourable outcomes in snakebites. Any delay in reaching hospital raised the risk of a snakebite patient for an unfavourable outcome [OR 8.88, CI 2.04-38.8]. Attending a traditional practitioner prior to presenting to the hospital was the only specific, significant delay [OR 3.52, CI 1.26-9.7]. Prevention of unfavourable outcomes occurred by presenting to hospital in less than 1...
2017: Journal of Venom Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248315/on-eye-breakage-and-recovery-of-mini-scleral-contact-lens-without-compromise-for-the-ocular-surface
#11
Rute J Macedo-de-Araújo, Eef van der Worp, José M González-Méijome
PURPOSE: To report the on-eye breakage of a mini-scleral contact lens in a healthy cornea after being hit by a speeding object, without causing any severe corneal damage. CASE REPORT: A 24-year-old Caucasian male involved in a clinical study reported the in situ breakage of a mini-scleral contact lens during motorbike maintenance. The patient reported eye redness and irritation that significantly decreased after all the pieces of the lens were recovered from the eye...
December 13, 2017: Contact Lens & Anterior Eye: the Journal of the British Contact Lens Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214322/road-traffic-accidents-in-children-the-what-how-and-why
#12
Yue Yen Lee, Eric Fang, Yanyi Weng, Sashikumar Ganapathy
INTRODUCTION: Road traffic accidents (RTAs) in Singapore involving children were evaluated, with particular focus on the epidemiology, surrounding circumstances and outcomes of these accidents. Key factors associated with worse prognosis were identified. We proposed some measures that may be implemented to reduce the frequency and severity of such accidents. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of RTAs involving children aged 0-16 years who presented to the Children's Emergency at KK Women's and Children's Hospital, Singapore, from January 2011 to June 2014...
December 7, 2017: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127439/trauma-patients-centralization-for-the-mechanism-of-trauma-old-questions-without-answers
#13
S Magnone, A Ghirardi, M Ceresoli, L Ansaloni
INTRODUCTION: Centralization of trauma patients has become the standard of care. Unfortunately, overtriage can overcome the capability of Trauma Centres. This study aims to analyse the association of different mechanisms of injury with severe or major trauma defined as Injury Severity Score (ISS) greater than 15 and an estimation of overtriage upon our Trauma Centre. METHODS: A retrospective review of our prospective database was undertaken from March 2014 to August 2016...
November 10, 2017: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119222/the-influence-of-an-injury-prevention-program-on-young-road-users-a-german-experience
#14
Thomas Brockamp, Paola Koenen, Michael Caspers, Bertil Bouillon, Michael Köhler, Uli Schmucker
PURPOSE: Trauma remains a leading cause of mortality and morbidity in youth. The Prevent Alcohol and Risk Related Trauma in Youth (P.A.R.T.Y.) program is an injury prevention program. The aim of the study was to analyze the influence on risk-taking behaviors and risk awareness on young road users by a pre-post-questionnaire. METHODS: A pre-post intervention study was performed using a standardized questionnaire. The questionnaire contained three sections with different items (in total 22) to identify differences regarding students' risk behavior and risk awareness...
November 8, 2017: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986822/global-spread-of-hemorrhagic-fever-viruses-predicting-pandemics
#15
Jean-Paul Gonzalez, Marc Souris, Willy Valdivia-Granda
As successive epidemics have swept the world, the scientific community has quickly learned from them about the emergence and transmission of communicable diseases. Epidemics usually occur when health systems are unprepared. During an unexpected epidemic, health authorities engage in damage control, fear drives action, and the desire to understand the threat is greatest. As humanity recovers, policy-makers seek scientific expertise to improve their "preparedness" to face future events.Global spread of disease is exemplified by the spread of yellow fever from Africa to the Americas, by the spread of dengue fever through transcontinental migration of mosquitos, by the relentless influenza virus pandemics, and, most recently, by the unexpected emergence of Ebola virus, spread by motorbike and long haul carriers...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979606/volar-dislocation-of-second-third-and-fourth-carpometacarpal-joints-in-association-with-a-bennet-s-fracture-of-the-thumb-carpo-metacarpal-dislocation-a-case-report
#16
Pierluigi Di Felice Ardente, Joan Camí Biayna, Jordi Saus Sarrias, Antoni Nuñez Muñoz, Guillem Figueras Coll, Patricio Vergara
Injuries of the carpometacarpal joints of the long fingers are infrequent and go often unnoticed if a thorough clinical exploration and complete radiological assessment is not carried out. The overall frequency of carpometacarpal joints injuries is of 1-2% among trauma of the wrist and the carpus. These are normally secondary to high energy trauma (such as a car or a motorbike accidents). Among these kinds of injuries, the volar dislocation of the metacarpals is much less frequent than the dorsal dislocation, being even rarer the cases in which the three middle metacarpals are involved...
2017: Open Orthopaedics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875133/bennett-s-fracture-associated-with-fracture-of-trapezium-a-rare-injury-of-first-carpo-metacarpal-joint
#17
Tarun Goyal
Association of fracture of trapezium with Bennett's fracture is very rare and makes reduction and stabilisation more difficult. We are reporting a rare case of Bennett's fracture with fracture of the trapezium and subluxation of the carpo-metacarpal joint (CMC) joint. The patient was a 47-year-old school teacher who fell from his motorbike on his outstretched right dominant hand. Radiographs and computed tomography showed fracture of the trapezium with subluxation of the CMC joint, associated with Bennett's fracture...
August 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870229/potential-factors-associated-with-clinical-stage-of-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma-at-diagnosis-a-case-control-study
#18
Jun-Ting Ren, Meng-Yu Li, Xiao-Wen Wang, Wen-Qiong Xue, Ze-Fang Ren, Wei-Hua Jia
BACKGROUND: In China, most patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) are diagnosed at a late stage and consequently have a poor prognosis. This study aimed to investigate potential factors associated with the clinical stage of NPC at diagnosis. METHODS: Data were obtained from 118 patients with early-stage NPC and 274 with late-stage NPC who were treated at Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center between August 2014 and July 2015. Patients were individually matched by age, sex, and residence, and a conditional logistic regression model was applied to assess the associations of clinical stage at diagnosis with socioeconomic status indicators, knowledge of NPC, physical examinations, patient interval, and risk factors for NPC...
September 4, 2017: Chinese Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844364/factors-related-to-choice-of-place-of-birth-in-a-district-in-nepal
#19
Preeti K Mahato, Edwin van Teijlingen, Padam Simkhada, Zoe A Sheppard, Ram Chandra Silwal
OBJECTIVE: In Nepal, both percentage of women giving birth at health facility and proportion of birth assisted by skilled birth attendant is very low. The purpose of this research was to identify predictors for choice of place of birth: either at home, primary health care facility (including birthing centres) or at tertiary health care facilites (hospitals and clinics). METHODS: A cross-sectional household survey was conducted in seven village development committee of a district lying in plain area of Nepal: Nawalparasi...
October 2017: Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare: Official Journal of the Swedish Association of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712118/farm-injury-hospitalisations-in-new-south-wales-2010-to-2014
#20
Tony Lower, Rebecca J Mitchell
OBJECTIVE: To examine gender differences in the characteristics, treatment costs and health outcomes of farm injuries resulting in hospitalisation of New South Wales (NSW) residents. METHOD: A population-based study of individuals injured on a farm and admitted to hospital using linked hospital admission and mortality records from 1 January 2010 to 30 June 2014 in NSW. Health outcomes, including injury severity, hospital length of stay (LOS), 28-day readmission and 30-day mortality were examined by gender...
July 16, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
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