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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427480/lessons-from-a-large-trauma-center-impact-of-blunt-chest-trauma-in-polytrauma-patients-still-a-relevant-problem
#1
REVIEW
Konstantina Chrysou, Gabriel Halat, Beatrix Hoksch, Ralph A Schmid, Gregor J Kocher
BACKGROUND: Thoracic trauma is the third most common cause of death after abdominal injury and head trauma in polytrauma patients. The purpose of this study was to investigate epidemiological data, treatment and outcome of polytrauma patients with blunt chest trauma in order to help improve management, prevent complications and decrease polytrauma patients' mortality. METHODS: In this retrospective study we included all polytrauma patients with blunt chest trauma admitted to our tertiary care center emergency department for a 2-year period, from June 2012 until May 2014...
April 20, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396063/-morel-lavall%C3%A3-e-syndrome-and-post-traumatic-nodular-fat-necrosis-two-post-traumatic-complications-mimicking-cellulitis
#2
C Moulin, I Barthélémy, C Emering, M D'Incan
BACKGROUND: Dermal and subcutaneous inflammation following direct trauma is initially evocative of soft-tissue infection. However, two differential diagnoses must be considered: Morel-Lavallée syndrome and post-traumatic nodular fat necrosis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Case 1: a 51-year-old woman fell off her motorbike and had dermabrasions on her right and left tibial ridges that rapidly developed into dermo-hypodermitis of the entire limb. There was no improvement after 3 weeks of antibiotics...
April 7, 2017: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359296/motorbike-handlebar-hernia-a-rare-traumatic-abdominal-wall-hernia-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#3
Frank-Leonel Tianyi, Valirie Ndip Agbor, Tsi Njim
BACKGROUND: Handlebar hernias are very rare and arise following a sudden force from a handle-like object impacting a focal area of the abdomen, which results in a disruption of the underlying abdominal muscle and fascia without necessarily disrupting the overlying skin. Other than a reducible swelling on the abdominal wall, the physical examination of such patients is usually unremarkable and the diagnosis could easily be missed. CASE PRESENTATION: An 8-year-old Cameroonian boy with no significant past history presented to our emergency service with a tender left flank swelling following a road traffic accident...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336419/scarf-related-injuries-at-a-major-trauma-center-in-northern-india
#4
Pritish Singh, Ashok Kumar, Vishal Shekhawat
PURPOSE: Scarf is a long loose piece of cloth worn around the neck and shoulder. Despite cultural association of this apparel, it is part of numerous injury episodes of varying enormity. Entanglement of loose scarf in spoke wheels of bike, tricycle, belt driven machines like sugarcane juice machine, thresher, grinding machines, etc is observed both in social and industrial milieu. This study aims to investigate the scarf-related injuries at a major trauma center in northern India. METHODS: From June 2013 to May 2015, a hospital-based prospective observational study was done in patients who presented to a level 1 trauma center in northern India with the mode of injury involving scarf around the neck...
April 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330797/flexible-intramedullary-nailing-for-treatment-of-proximal-humeral-and-humeral-shaft-fractures-in-children-a-retrospective-series-of-118-cases
#5
Z Pogorelić, S Kadić, K P Milunović, I Pintarić, M Jukić, D Furlan
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to analyze outcomes of treatment and complications in children treated with flexible intramedullary nailing (FIN) due to humeral fracture. HYPOTHESIS: The FIN for treatment of humeral fractures in children would allow an early functional and cast-free follow-up with a quick pain reduction and low complication rate. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From May 2002 until May 2016 case records of all children who underwent fixation with titanium intramedullary nails because of humeral fracture were retrospectively reviewed...
March 19, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287503/a-multisensing-setup-for-the-intelligent-tire-monitoring
#6
Francesco Coppo, Gianluca Pepe, Nicola Roveri, Antonio Carcaterra
The present paper offers the chance to experimentally measure, for the first time, the internal tire strain by optical fiber sensors during the tire rolling in real operating conditions. The phenomena that take place during the tire rolling are in fact far from being completely understood. Despite several models available in the technical literature, there is not a correspondently large set of experimental observations. The paper includes the detailed description of the new multi-sensing technology for an ongoing vehicle measurement, which the research group has developed in the context of the project OPTYRE...
March 12, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241883/the-number-of-displaced-rib-fractures-is-more-predictive-for-complications-in-chest-trauma-patients
#7
Chih-Ying Chien, Yu-Hsien Chen, Shih-Tsung Han, Gerald N Blaney, Ting-Shuo Huang, Kuan-Fu Chen
BACKGROUND: Traumatic rib fractures can cause chest complications that need further treatment and hospitalization. We hypothesized that an increase in the number of displaced rib fractures will be accompanied by an increase in chest complications. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the trauma registry between January 2013 and May 2015 in a teaching hospital in northeastern Taiwan. Patients admitted with chest trauma and rib fractures without concomitant severe brain, splenic, pelvic or liver injuries were included...
February 28, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018898/economic-costs-associated-with-motorbike-accidents-in-kathmandu-nepal
#8
Diksha Sapkota, Bihungum Bista, Shiva Raj Adhikari
BACKGROUND: Road traffic accidents, considered as global tragedies, are in increasing trend; however, the safety situation is very severe in developing countries incurring substantial amount of human, economic, and social costs. Motorcycle crashes, the commonest form, occur mostly in economically active population. However, there is limited number of studies on economic burden of motorcycle crashes. This study aims to estimate the total cost and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) lost due to motorbike accidents among victims of Kathmandu Valley...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995048/proposal-for-optimal-placement-platform-of-bikes-using-queueing-networks
#9
Shinya Mizuno, Shogo Iwamoto, Mutsumi Seki, Naokazu Yamaki
In recent social experiments, rental motorbikes and rental bicycles have been arranged at nodes, and environments where users can ride these bikes have been improved. When people borrow bikes, they return them to nearby nodes. Some experiments have been conducted using the models of Hamachari of Yokohama, the Niigata Rental Cycle, and Bicing. However, from these experiments, the effectiveness of distributing bikes was unclear, and many models were discontinued midway. Thus, we need to consider whether these models are effectively designed to represent the distribution system...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982427/death-due-to-decapitation-in-two-motorcyclists-a-description-of-a-unique-case-and-a-brief-review-of-the-literature
#10
Antonio Osculati, Silvia D Visonà, Laura Della Chiesa, Filippo Navarra, Andrea Calbi, Luisa Andrello
Deaths due to decapitation, especially related to traffic accidents, are rarely found in forensic practice. The present case involves a man and a woman who died from decapitation due to an unusual mechanism while they were riding on a motorbike down a mountain road. The autopsy, which was completed as a physics study, allowed the accident to be reconstructed as follows: A plastic cable that had detached from a timber-transporting machine whipped the road and hit the two motorcyclists. The impact resulted in the complete severing of both riders' heads...
May 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880022/active-commuting-to-school-was-inversely-associated-with-academic-achievement-in-primary-but-not-secondary-school-students
#11
Jose Mora-Gonzalez, Carlos Rodríguez-López, Cristina Cadenas-Sanchez, Manuel Herrador-Colmenero, Irene Esteban-Cornejo, Francisco J Huertas-Delgado, Daniel N Ardoy, Francisco B Ortega, Palma Chillón
AIM: Physical activity has numerous benefits for children when it comes to academic achievements. This study determined whether active commuting - walking or cycling - to school, as a way of increasing total physical activity levels, was associated with academic achievements in students aged seven to 18 years. METHODS: A total of 2138 students participated in the study, which took place in the 2012/2013 academic year in three Spanish cities. We used a self-reported questionnaire to assess how the students travelled to and from school and their final school grades...
February 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812072/descriptive-epidemiology-of-karachi-road-traffic-crash-mortality-from-2007-to-2014
#12
Rashid Jooma, Masood Ali Shaikh
According to World Health Organization's estimate for Pakistan, there were 25,781 (95% CI: 20,979-30582) Road Traffic Collision (RTC) fatalities in year 2013. The Road Traffic Injury Research and Prevention Center, collects RTC data on injuries and fatalities from five major public and private hospitals' emergency departments in Karachi. For the eight-year period, from 2007-2014, 9129 fatalities were recorded. Males accounted for 8008 (87.7%) all RTC fatalities. Highest number of fatalities were recorded in the 21-25 age group with 1329 (15...
November 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812068/dupatta-long-scarf-related-injuries-in-female-pillion-riders-in-karachi-pakistan
#13
Muhammad Saeed Minhas, Muhammad Muzzammil Sangani, Kashif Mehmood, Anissudin Bhatti, Ayesha Mughal, Ranjeet Kumar
OBJECTIVE: To assess the frequency, type of injuries and reason behind avoidable injuries due to dupatta entrapment in motorcycle wheels among female pillion riders. METHODS: This observational / descriptive study was conducted at the Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre, Karachi, from July 2013 to December 2014, and comprised female patients with dupatta-related motorbike injuries. The patients had injuries around head and neck, face, chest, abdomen, etc. SPSS 11 was used for data analysis...
November 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807487/tibiofibula-transposition-in-high-energy-fractures
#14
Peter R Loughenbury, Rebecca A Gledhill, Nick Evans
We report two cases of failed attempts at closed reduction of high-energy tibial fractures with an associated fibula fracture. The first case was a 39-year-old male involved in high-speed motorbike collision, while the second was a 14-year-old male who injured his leg following a fall of three metres. Emergency medical services at the scenes of the accidents reported a 90-degree valgus deformity of the injured limb and both limbs were realigned on scene and stabilized. Adequate alignment of the tibia could not be achieved by manipulation under sedation or anaesthesia...
2016: Case Reports in Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27791220/food-accessibility-and-perceptions-of-shopping-difficulty-among-elderly-people-living-alone-in-japan
#15
M Ishikawa, T Yokoyama, T Nakaya, Y Fukuda, Y Takemi, K Kusama, N Yoshiike, M Nozue, K Yoshiba, N Murayama
OBJECTIVES: This aim of this study was to describe the association between shopping difficulty and food accessibility for elderly people living alone in Japan. DESIGN: A cross-sectoral, multilevel survey was designed to measure shopping difficulty from a food accessibility perspective. The questionnaire was distributed by mail. SETTING: The sample was drawn from seven towns and cities across Japan. PARTICIPANTS: A geographic information system was used to select the sample: it identified the proximity of elderly people living alone to a supermarket...
2016: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676890/one-handed-intermittent-self-urinary-catheterism-with-an-adaptive-equipment-case-report-of-an-amputee-patient-suffering-from-multiple-sclerosis
#16
Helene Dessort, Evelyne Castel-Lacanal, Xavier de Boissezon, Philippe Marque
OBJECTIVE: Intermittent self-catheterization is the gold standard for patients with central neurologic bladder. It allows to reduce all urinary tract complications and to improve the quality of life. The factors of good compliance are continence and autonomy regarding the introduction of the catheter. Nevertheless, self-catheterization can be difficult because of the usual shortcomings associated with bladder and sphincter disorders (motor, sensory…). We found only one study about one adaptive equipment to facilitate the gesture for monoplegic patients...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642454/motorcycle-injury-among-secondary-school-students-in-the-tiko-municipality-cameroon
#17
Asonganyi Edwin Nyagwui, Namatovu Fredinah, Longho Bernard Che, Blomstedt Yulia
INTRODUCTION: Injury from motorcycle is a considerable cause of disability and death in the world and especially in low and middle-income countries; it is one of the most serious public health problems. In Cameroon, motorcycle is commonly used for transportation particularly among students. The aim of this paper is to study the risk-factors of the motorcycle-related accidents and injuries among secondary school students' in the Tiko municipality, Cameroon. METHODS: A cross sectional study was conducted in January 2012 on 391 students age 16-24 from public and private schools in the Tiko Municipality...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27624112/-a-case-of-traumatic-dislocation-of-the-penis
#18
REVIEW
Makoto Taguchi, Takaaki Inoue, Teruhisa Nishida, Shigenari Kawakita, Kouei Muguruma, Takashi Murota, Hidefumi Kinoshita, Tadashi Matsuda
We report a rare case of a traumatic dislocation of the penis. The patient was a 39-year-old man who was ambulanced to our hospital because of a motorbike accident. He was diagnosed to have a pelvic fracture. He was admitted to our department because of his urinary retention and lower abdominal pain. Only the penile skin was left as the genital organ, and neither the penis nor the glans penis was palpable. As the computed tomography scan of the abdomen revealed the dislocation of the penis under the skin in the foreside of the pubic bone, urinary retention due to the traumatic dislocation of the penis was diagnosed, and a percutaneous cystostomy was performed...
August 2016: Hinyokika Kiyo. Acta Urologica Japonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27606024/penetrating-injury-of-orbital-roof-and-brain-sparing-the-eye-ball-in-a-pediatric-patient-a-rare-occurrence
#19
Vikul Kumar, Atul Kumar Singh, Kulwant Singh Bhaikhel
Blowout fractures are a common occurrence in traumatic brain injury patients. In pediatric age group, orbital floor fracture is a common occurrence. We report a case of 2-year-old male admitted to trauma center, with penetrating injury to the left eye by the clutch of motorbike which fell on the child. Noncontrast computed tomography scan revealed fracture of the roof of left orbit with left frontal contusion sparing the left eyeball. There was also the continuous leak of brain matter from the left eye which suggested tear of dura mater...
April 2016: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27567674/-the-problem-of-oculo-orbital-trauma-due-to-motor-vehicle-accidents-involving-commercial-motorbikes-in-douala-cameroon
#20
A Omgbwa Eballé, E Mbassi Ndocko, S Robert Ebana, L Ngong Mbella, C Ebana Mvogo
UNLABELLED: A prospective and longitudinal study was carried from January 2 to December 31, 2013 in which victims of commercial motor bike accidents presenting to the Laquintinie Hospital in Douala were examined in search of oculo-orbital injuries with the double goal of identifying and evaluating the physical impact of the observed oculo-orbital lesions. RESULTS: We included 88 cases with oculo-orbital trauma due to commercial motor bike accident. There were 71 males (80...
September 2016: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
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