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Helene Dessort, Evelyne Castel-Lacanal, Xavier de Boissezon, Philippe Marque
OBJECTIVE: Intermittent self-catheterization is the gold standard for patients with central neurologic bladder. It allows to reduce all urinary tract complications and to improve the quality of life. The factors of good compliance are continence and autonomy regarding the introduction of the catheter. Nevertheless, self-catheterization can be difficult because of the usual shortcomings associated with bladder and sphincter disorders (motor, sensory…). We found only one study about one adaptive equipment to facilitate the gesture for monoplegic patients...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Asonganyi Edwin Nyagwui, Namatovu Fredinah, Longho Bernard Che, Blomstedt Yulia
INTRODUCTION: Injury from motorcycle is a considerable cause of disability and death in the world and especially in low and middle-income countries; it is one of the most serious public health problems. In Cameroon, motorcycle is commonly used for transportation particularly among students. The aim of this paper is to study the risk-factors of the motorcycle-related accidents and injuries among secondary school students' in the Tiko municipality, Cameroon. METHODS: A cross sectional study was conducted in January 2012 on 391 students age 16-24 from public and private schools in the Tiko Municipality...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
Makoto Taguchi, Takaaki Inoue, Teruhisa Nishida, Shigenari Kawakita, Kouei Muguruma, Takashi Murota, Hidefumi Kinoshita, Tadashi Matsuda
We report a rare case of a traumatic dislocation of the penis. The patient was a 39-year-old man who was ambulanced to our hospital because of a motorbike accident. He was diagnosed to have a pelvic fracture. He was admitted to our department because of his urinary retention and lower abdominal pain. Only the penile skin was left as the genital organ, and neither the penis nor the glans penis was palpable. As the computed tomography scan of the abdomen revealed the dislocation of the penis under the skin in the foreside of the pubic bone, urinary retention due to the traumatic dislocation of the penis was diagnosed, and a percutaneous cystostomy was performed...
August 2016: Hinyokika Kiyo. Acta Urologica Japonica
Vikul Kumar, Atul Kumar Singh, Kulwant Singh Bhaikhel
Blowout fractures are a common occurrence in traumatic brain injury patients. In pediatric age group, orbital floor fracture is a common occurrence. We report a case of 2-year-old male admitted to trauma center, with penetrating injury to the left eye by the clutch of motorbike which fell on the child. Noncontrast computed tomography scan revealed fracture of the roof of left orbit with left frontal contusion sparing the left eyeball. There was also the continuous leak of brain matter from the left eye which suggested tear of dura mater...
April 2016: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
A Omgbwa Eballé, E Mbassi Ndocko, S Robert Ebana, L Ngong Mbella, C Ebana Mvogo
UNLABELLED: A prospective and longitudinal study was carried from January 2 to December 31, 2013 in which victims of commercial motor bike accidents presenting to the Laquintinie Hospital in Douala were examined in search of oculo-orbital injuries with the double goal of identifying and evaluating the physical impact of the observed oculo-orbital lesions. RESULTS: We included 88 cases with oculo-orbital trauma due to commercial motor bike accident. There were 71 males (80...
September 2016: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
M Carmen Rebollo-Soria, Carlos Arregui-Dalmases, David Sánchez-Molina, Juan Velázquez-Ameijide, Ignasi Galtés
INTRODUCTION: There are several studies about M1 type vehicle-pedestrian collision injury pattern, and based on them, there has been several changes in automobiles for pedestrian protection. However, the lack of sufficient studies about injury pattern in motorbikes-pedestrian collisions leads to a lack of optimization design of these vehicles. The objective of this research is to study the injury pattern of pedestrians involved in collisions with motorized two-wheeled vehicles. METHODS: A retrospective descriptive study of pedestrian's deaths after collisions with motorcycles in an urban area, like Barcelona was performed...
October 2016: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
B Banskota, S Shrestha, R K Chaudhary, T Rajbhandari, S Rijal, B K Shrestha, A K Banskota
BACKGROUND: The anecdotal burden of morbidity secondary to motorbike accidents is thought to enormous by personnel involved in trauma care. The objective of the present study is to ascertain patterns and association of injuries and causes of mortality in a cohort of motorbike accident victims. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of 1337 motorbike accident admissions B and B Hospital in Kathmandu between January 2009 and December 2010 was undertaken. RESULTS: Majority of victims were between 20 to 50 years [1230 (92%) males]...
January 2016: Journal of Nepal Health Research Council
Oğuz Karaca, Günhan Demir, Arda Özyüksel, Atıf Akçevin
Cardiac valve injury, a condition that can follow blunt thoracic trauma, has a wide range of clinical presentations, depending on the structures involved. Post-traumatic tricuspid regurgitation is relatively rare, caused by increase in intrathoracic pressure when the tricuspid valve leaflets close, leading to rupture of the chordae tendineae. A case of severe tricuspid regurgitation due to chordal rupture presenting with atrial flutter following a motorbike accident is described in the present report.
June 2016: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
Natasha J G Bauer
INTRODUCTION: Testicular trauma is classified aetiologically as blunt, penetrating or degloving. Blunt testicular trauma, caused by interpersonal violence, sporting injuries and RTAs account for the majority of cases, typically affecting males aged 15-40 [1]. Approximately 98.5% of blunt trauma resulted in unilateral testicular injury; about 12-15% involving cyclists or motorcyclists (Cass and Luxenberg, 1988) [2]. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 48-year-old male motorcyclist presented to the accident and emergency department with an acute scrotum following collision with an oncoming vehicle...
2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Aristeidis Alevizopoulos, Lauren Hamilton, Natalia Stratu, Gerald Rix
Segmental renal infarction is a rare situation which has been reported so far in the form of case reports. It's caused usually by cardiac conditions, such as atrial fibrillation, and systemic diseases (e.g. systemic lupus erythematous). We are presenting a case of a 31 year old healthy male, who sustained a left segmental renal infarction, following a motorbike accident. We report his presentation, management and outcome. We also review the literature in search of the optimal diagnostic and treatment pathway...
May 2016: Urology Case Reports
Amanda Sinai, Angela Hassiotis, Khadija Rantell, Andre Strydom
BACKGROUND: Down syndrome is associated with specific cognitive deficits. Alongside this, older adults with Down syndrome are a high risk group for dementia. The Arizona Cognitive Test Battery (ACTB), a cognitive assessment battery specifically developed for use with individuals with Down syndrome, has been proposed for use as outcome measures for clinical trials in this population. It has not been validated in older adults with Down syndrome. This study aims to assess the use and validity of the ACTB in older adults with Down syndrome...
2016: PloS One
Ullasa Shetty, M Deepak, Syed Ather Hussain, Hadi Usmani, Muhammad Osama, Kiran Godwin Pereira, Ritesh George Menezes
Injury or death by strangulation, unless otherwise explained, is almost always homicidal. Accidental strangulation may occur but only very rarely. We present such a case of accidental strangulation and survival in a motorbike pillion rider. A long scarf (dupatta) clad woman, sitting at the back of a two wheeler motorbike, fell after her long scarf got caught in the back wheel. The lady was first taken to a local clinic and then later was referred to a hospital for a suspected spine injury where she made an uneventful recovery...
September 2016: Medico-legal Journal
Nicolás A Bastián-Monarca, Enrique Suárez, Jorge P Arenas
In many countries such as Chile, there is scarce official information for generating accurate noise maps. Therefore, specific simplification methods are becoming a real need for the acoustic community in developing countries. Thus, the main purpose of this work was to evaluate and apply simplified methods to generate a cost-effective traffic noise map of a small city of Chile. The experimental design involved the simplification of the cartographic information on buildings by clustering the households within a block, and the classification of the vehicular traffic flows into categories to generate an inexpensive noise map...
April 15, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
Michal Waszczykowski, Kryspin Niedzielski, Maciej Radek, Jaroslaw Fabis
Arthrodesis of the knee joint is a mainly a salvage surgical procedure performed in cases of infected total knee arthroplasty, tumor, failed knee arthroplasty or posttraumatic complication.The authors report the case of 18-year-old male with posttraumatic complication of left knee because of motorbike accident 1 year before. He was treated immediately after the injury in the local Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology. The examination in the day of admission to our department revealed deformation of the left knee, massive scar tissue adhesions to the proximal tibial bone and multidirectional instability of the knee...
January 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
T L Sampaio, I P Rodrigues, D F S Pontes, T K G Ribeiro, C K Yamagushi, W N de Araújo, S N Báo
Trauma is a leading cause of death and disability worldwide. Corneal tissue donors generally are those who suffered an injury to the brain or fatal trauma caused by stroke, vehicle/motorbike accidents, gunshot wounds, and drowning or cardiovascular death. In Brazil, the Distrito Federal (DF) Eye Bank, located within a trauma center hospital, and the Secretariat of Public Security have collaborated with the aim of increasing the overall number of cornea donations from fatal trauma victims. The purpose of this study was to determine the suitability of cornea tissue for transplantation derived from trauma-related death...
December 2015: Transplantation Proceedings
Charlotte J Haug
"We can meet after my lecture, at a table, over a drink," Carl Ogereau told me — that's "the French way to fight terrorism," he explained: refusing to be intimidated. So on Friday evening, one week after the Paris terrorist attack that left 130 dead and hundreds injured, Ogereau arrived on his..
December 31, 2015: New England Journal of Medicine
Michael Dick, Sarah R Catford, Kavita Kumareswaran, Peter Shane Hamblin, Duncan J Topliss
UNLABELLED: The syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion (SIADH) can occur following traumatic brain injury (TBI), but is usually transient. There are very few case reports describing chronic SIADH and all resolved within 12 months, except for one case complicated by meningo-encephalitis. Persistent symptomatic hyponatremia due to chronic SIADH was present for 4 years following a TBI in a previously well 32-year-old man. Hyponatremia consistent with SIADH initially occurred in the immediate period following a high-speed motorbike accident in 2010...
2015: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
Vida Ami Kukula, Alexander A N Dodoo, Jonas Akpakli, Solomon A Narh-Bana, Christine Clerk, Alexander Adjei, Elizabeth Awini, Simon Manye, Richard Afedi Nagai, Gabriel Odonkor, Christian Nikoi, Martin Adjuik, Patricia Akweongo, Rita Baiden, Bernhards Ogutu, Fred Binka, Margaret Gyapong
BACKGROUND: The growing need to capture data on health and health events using faster and efficient means to enable prompt evidence-based decision-making is making the use of mobile phones for health an alternative means to capture anti-malarial drug safety data. This paper examined the feasibility and cost of using mobile phones vis-à-vis home visit to monitor adverse events (AEs) related to artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT) for treatment of uncomplicated malaria in peri-urban Ghana...
2015: Malaria Journal
Kevin Shaigany, Anish Abrol, Peter F Svider, Jean Anderson Eloy, Michael A Carron, Ho-Sheng Lin, Adam J Folbe
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: The use of recreational motorized vehicles (RMVs), including all-terrain vehicles (ATVs), snowmobiles, and go-carts, has increased in recent decades. Because RMVs are lightly regulated, there are numerous safety concerns. This analysis examines a nationally representative resource to estimate the incidence of craniofacial trauma secondary to RMV accidents, evaluating injury and demographic patterns. METHODS: The Consumer Product Safety Commission's National Electronic Injury Surveillance System was examined for facial trauma resulting in emergency department (ED) visits stemming from the use of ATVs, motorbikes/scooters, snowmobiles, and utility vehicles...
January 2016: Laryngoscope
D Shrestha, D Dhoju, R Shrestha, V Sharma
BACKGROUND: With the development of better imaging modalities including 3D CT scan and availability of technical expertise, operative management is increasingly performed for acetabular fracture but many patients in developing countries like Nepal, are still being treated with prolonged skeletal traction. OBJECTIVE: To analyses epidemiology, types of acetabular fracture and functional and radiological outcome of patients with acetabular fracture treated with open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF)...
October 2014: Kathmandu University Medical Journal (KUMJ)
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