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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880022/active-commuting-to-school-was-inversely-associated-with-academic-achievement-in-primary-but-not-secondary-school-students
#1
Jose Mora-Gonzalez, Carlos Rodríguez-López, Cristina Cadenas-Sanchez, Manuel Herrador-Colmenero, Irene Esteban-Cornejo, Francisco J Huertas-Delgado, Daniel N Ardoy, Francisco B Ortega, Palma Chillón
AIM: Physical activity has numerous benefits for children when it comes to academic achievements. This study determined whether active commuting - walking or cycling - to school, as a way of increasing total physical activity levels, were associated with academic achievements in students aged 7-18 years. METHODS: A total of 2,138 students participated in the study, which took place in the 2012/2013 academic year in three Spanish cities. We used a self-reported questionnaire to assess how the students travelled to and from school and their final school grades...
November 23, 2016: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812072/descriptive-epidemiology-of-karachi-road-traffic-crash-mortality-from-2007-to-2014
#2
Rashid Jooma, Masood Ali Shaikh
According to World Health Organization's estimate for Pakistan, there were 25,781 (95% CI: 20,979-30582) Road Traffic Collision (RTC) fatalities in year 2013. The Road Traffic Injury Research and Prevention Center, collects RTC data on injuries and fatalities from five major public and private hospitals' emergency departments in Karachi. For the eight-year period, from 2007-2014, 9129 fatalities were recorded. Males accounted for 8008 (87.7%) all RTC fatalities. Highest number of fatalities were recorded in the 21-25 age group with 1329 (15...
November 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812068/dupatta-long-scarf-related-injuries-in-female-pillion-riders-in-karachi-pakistan
#3
Muhammad Saeed Minhas, Muhammad Muzzammil Sangani, Kashif Mehmood, Anissudin Bhatti, Ayesha Mughal, Ranjeet Kumar
OBJECTIVE: To assess the frequency, type of injuries and reason behind avoidable injuries due to dupatta entrapment in motorcycle wheels among female pillion riders. METHODS: This observational / descriptive study was conducted at the Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre, Karachi, from July 2013 to December 2014, and comprised female patients with dupatta-related motorbike injuries. The patients had injuries around head and neck, face, chest, abdomen, etc. SPSS 11 was used for data analysis...
November 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807487/tibiofibula-transposition-in-high-energy-fractures
#4
Peter R Loughenbury, Rebecca A Gledhill, Nick Evans
We report two cases of failed attempts at closed reduction of high-energy tibial fractures with an associated fibula fracture. The first case was a 39-year-old male involved in high-speed motorbike collision, while the second was a 14-year-old male who injured his leg following a fall of three metres. Emergency medical services at the scenes of the accidents reported a 90-degree valgus deformity of the injured limb and both limbs were realigned on scene and stabilized. Adequate alignment of the tibia could not be achieved by manipulation under sedation or anaesthesia...
2016: Case Reports in Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27791220/food-accessibility-and-perceptions-of-shopping-difficulty-among-elderly-people-living-alone-in-japan
#5
M Ishikawa, T Yokoyama, T Nakaya, Y Fukuda, Y Takemi, K Kusama, N Yoshiike, M Nozue, K Yoshiba, N Murayama
OBJECTIVES: This aim of this study was to describe the association between shopping difficulty and food accessibility for elderly people living alone in Japan. DESIGN: A cross-sectoral, multilevel survey was designed to measure shopping difficulty from a food accessibility perspective. The questionnaire was distributed by mail. SETTING: The sample was drawn from seven towns and cities across Japan. PARTICIPANTS: A geographic information system was used to select the sample: it identified the proximity of elderly people living alone to a supermarket...
2016: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676890/one-handed-intermittent-self-urinary-catheterism-with-an-adaptive-equipment-case-report-of-an-amputee-patient-suffering-from-multiple-sclerosis
#6
Helene Dessort, Evelyne Castel-Lacanal, Xavier de Boissezon, Philippe Marque
OBJECTIVE: Intermittent self-catheterization is the gold standard for patients with central neurologic bladder. It allows to reduce all urinary tract complications and to improve the quality of life. The factors of good compliance are continence and autonomy regarding the introduction of the catheter. Nevertheless, self-catheterization can be difficult because of the usual shortcomings associated with bladder and sphincter disorders (motor, sensory…). We found only one study about one adaptive equipment to facilitate the gesture for monoplegic patients...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642454/motorcycle-injury-among-secondary-school-students-in-the-tiko-municipality-cameroon
#7
Asonganyi Edwin Nyagwui, Namatovu Fredinah, Longho Bernard Che, Blomstedt Yulia
INTRODUCTION: Injury from motorcycle is a considerable cause of disability and death in the world and especially in low and middle-income countries; it is one of the most serious public health problems. In Cameroon, motorcycle is commonly used for transportation particularly among students. The aim of this paper is to study the risk-factors of the motorcycle-related accidents and injuries among secondary school students' in the Tiko municipality, Cameroon. METHODS: A cross sectional study was conducted in January 2012 on 391 students age 16-24 from public and private schools in the Tiko Municipality...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27624112/-a-case-of-traumatic-dislocation-of-the-penis
#8
Makoto Taguchi, Takaaki Inoue, Teruhisa Nishida, Shigenari Kawakita, Kouei Muguruma, Takashi Murota, Hidefumi Kinoshita, Tadashi Matsuda
We report a rare case of a traumatic dislocation of the penis. The patient was a 39-year-old man who was ambulanced to our hospital because of a motorbike accident. He was diagnosed to have a pelvic fracture. He was admitted to our department because of his urinary retention and lower abdominal pain. Only the penile skin was left as the genital organ, and neither the penis nor the glans penis was palpable. As the computed tomography scan of the abdomen revealed the dislocation of the penis under the skin in the foreside of the pubic bone, urinary retention due to the traumatic dislocation of the penis was diagnosed, and a percutaneous cystostomy was performed...
August 2016: Hinyokika Kiyo. Acta Urologica Japonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27606024/penetrating-injury-of-orbital-roof-and-brain-sparing-the-eye-ball-in-a-pediatric-patient-a-rare-occurrence
#9
Vikul Kumar, Atul Kumar Singh, Kulwant Singh Bhaikhel
Blowout fractures are a common occurrence in traumatic brain injury patients. In pediatric age group, orbital floor fracture is a common occurrence. We report a case of 2-year-old male admitted to trauma center, with penetrating injury to the left eye by the clutch of motorbike which fell on the child. Noncontrast computed tomography scan revealed fracture of the roof of left orbit with left frontal contusion sparing the left eyeball. There was also the continuous leak of brain matter from the left eye which suggested tear of dura mater...
April 2016: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27567674/-the-problem-of-oculo-orbital-trauma-due-to-motor-vehicle-accidents-involving-commercial-motorbikes-in-douala-cameroon
#10
A Omgbwa Eballé, E Mbassi Ndocko, S Robert Ebana, L Ngong Mbella, C Ebana Mvogo
UNLABELLED: A prospective and longitudinal study was carried from January 2 to December 31, 2013 in which victims of commercial motor bike accidents presenting to the Laquintinie Hospital in Douala were examined in search of oculo-orbital injuries with the double goal of identifying and evaluating the physical impact of the observed oculo-orbital lesions. RESULTS: We included 88 cases with oculo-orbital trauma due to commercial motor bike accident. There were 71 males (80...
September 2016: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27494040/injury-pattern-in-lethal-motorbikes-pedestrian-collisions-in-the-area-of-barcelona-spain
#11
M Carmen Rebollo-Soria, Carlos Arregui-Dalmases, David Sánchez-Molina, Juan Velázquez-Ameijide, Ignasi Galtés
INTRODUCTION: There are several studies about M1 type vehicle-pedestrian collision injury pattern, and based on them, there has been several changes in automobiles for pedestrian protection. However, the lack of sufficient studies about injury pattern in motorbikes-pedestrian collisions leads to a lack of optimization design of these vehicles. The objective of this research is to study the injury pattern of pedestrians involved in collisions with motorized two-wheeled vehicles. METHODS: A retrospective descriptive study of pedestrian's deaths after collisions with motorcycles in an urban area, like Barcelona was performed...
October 2016: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27426712/patterns-of-orthopaedic-injuries-among-motorbike-accident-admissions-presenting-to-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-kathmandu
#12
B Banskota, S Shrestha, R K Chaudhary, T Rajbhandari, S Rijal, B K Shrestha, A K Banskota
BACKGROUND: The anecdotal burden of morbidity secondary to motorbike accidents is thought to enormous by personnel involved in trauma care. The objective of the present study is to ascertain patterns and association of injuries and causes of mortality in a cohort of motorbike accident victims. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of 1337 motorbike accident admissions B and B Hospital in Kathmandu between January 2009 and December 2010 was undertaken. RESULTS: Majority of victims were between 20 to 50 years [1230 (92%) males]...
January 2016: Journal of Nepal Health Research Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27372618/tricuspid-valve-chordal-rupture-after-a-motorbike-accident
#13
Oğuz Karaca, Günhan Demir, Arda Özyüksel, Atıf Akçevin
Cardiac valve injury, a condition that can follow blunt thoracic trauma, has a wide range of clinical presentations, depending on the structures involved. Post-traumatic tricuspid regurgitation is relatively rare, caused by increase in intrathoracic pressure when the tricuspid valve leaflets close, leading to rupture of the chordae tendineae. A case of severe tricuspid regurgitation due to chordal rupture presenting with atrial flutter following a motorbike accident is described in the present report.
June 2016: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27340802/case-report-traumatic-unilateral-testicular-rupture
#14
Natasha J G Bauer
INTRODUCTION: Testicular trauma is classified aetiologically as blunt, penetrating or degloving. Blunt testicular trauma, caused by interpersonal violence, sporting injuries and RTAs account for the majority of cases, typically affecting males aged 15-40 [1]. Approximately 98.5% of blunt trauma resulted in unilateral testicular injury; about 12-15% involving cyclists or motorcyclists (Cass and Luxenberg, 1988) [2]. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 48-year-old male motorcyclist presented to the accident and emergency department with an acute scrotum following collision with an oncoming vehicle...
2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27175338/segmental-renal-infarction-due-to-blunt-trauma
#15
Aristeidis Alevizopoulos, Lauren Hamilton, Natalia Stratu, Gerald Rix
Segmental renal infarction is a rare situation which has been reported so far in the form of case reports. It's caused usually by cardiac conditions, such as atrial fibrillation, and systemic diseases (e.g. systemic lupus erythematous). We are presenting a case of a 31 year old healthy male, who sustained a left segmental renal infarction, following a motorbike accident. We report his presentation, management and outcome. We also review the literature in search of the optimal diagnostic and treatment pathway...
May 2016: Urology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27171413/assessing-specific-cognitive-deficits-associated-with-dementia-in-older-adults-with-down-syndrome-use-and-validity-of-the-arizona-cognitive-test-battery-actb
#16
Amanda Sinai, Angela Hassiotis, Khadija Rantell, Andre Strydom
BACKGROUND: Down syndrome is associated with specific cognitive deficits. Alongside this, older adults with Down syndrome are a high risk group for dementia. The Arizona Cognitive Test Battery (ACTB), a cognitive assessment battery specifically developed for use with individuals with Down syndrome, has been proposed for use as outcome measures for clinical trials in this population. It has not been validated in older adults with Down syndrome. This study aims to assess the use and validity of the ACTB in older adults with Down syndrome...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27048761/survival-following-accidental-scarf-strangulation
#17
Ullasa Shetty, M Deepak, Syed Ather Hussain, Hadi Usmani, Muhammad Osama, Kiran Godwin Pereira, Ritesh George Menezes
Injury or death by strangulation, unless otherwise explained, is almost always homicidal. Accidental strangulation may occur but only very rarely. We present such a case of accidental strangulation and survival in a motorbike pillion rider. A long scarf (dupatta) clad woman, sitting at the back of a two wheeler motorbike, fell after her long scarf got caught in the back wheel. The lady was first taken to a local clinic and then later was referred to a hospital for a suspected spine injury where she made an uneventful recovery...
September 2016: Medico-legal Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26845180/assessment-of-methods-for-simplified-traffic-noise-mapping-of-small-cities-casework-of-the-city-of-valdivia-chile
#18
Nicolás A Bastián-Monarca, Enrique Suárez, Jorge P Arenas
In many countries such as Chile, there is scarce official information for generating accurate noise maps. Therefore, specific simplification methods are becoming a real need for the acoustic community in developing countries. Thus, the main purpose of this work was to evaluate and apply simplified methods to generate a cost-effective traffic noise map of a small city of Chile. The experimental design involved the simplification of the cartographic information on buildings by clustering the households within a block, and the classification of the vehicular traffic flows into categories to generate an inexpensive noise map...
April 15, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26817899/arthroscopic-assisted-arthrodesis-of-the-knee-joint-with-the-ilizarov-technique-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#19
REVIEW
Michal Waszczykowski, Kryspin Niedzielski, Maciej Radek, Jaroslaw Fabis
Arthrodesis of the knee joint is a mainly a salvage surgical procedure performed in cases of infected total knee arthroplasty, tumor, failed knee arthroplasty or posttraumatic complication.The authors report the case of 18-year-old male with posttraumatic complication of left knee because of motorbike accident 1 year before. He was treated immediately after the injury in the local Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology. The examination in the day of admission to our department revealed deformation of the left knee, massive scar tissue adhesions to the proximal tibial bone and multidirectional instability of the knee...
January 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26707324/suitability-of-corneal-tissue-for-transplantation-derived-from-violent-death-a-10-year-analysis
#20
T L Sampaio, I P Rodrigues, D F S Pontes, T K G Ribeiro, C K Yamagushi, W N de Araújo, S N Báo
Trauma is a leading cause of death and disability worldwide. Corneal tissue donors generally are those who suffered an injury to the brain or fatal trauma caused by stroke, vehicle/motorbike accidents, gunshot wounds, and drowning or cardiovascular death. In Brazil, the Distrito Federal (DF) Eye Bank, located within a trauma center hospital, and the Secretariat of Public Security have collaborated with the aim of increasing the overall number of cornea donations from fatal trauma victims. The purpose of this study was to determine the suitability of cornea tissue for transplantation derived from trauma-related death...
December 2015: Transplantation Proceedings
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