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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912770/endometriosis-associated-clear-cell-carcinoma-arising-in-caesarean-section-scar-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#1
Gabriella Ferrandina, Eleonora Palluzzi, Francesco Fanfani, Stefano Gentileschi, Anna Lia Valentini, Maria Vittoria Mattoli, Ilaria Pennacchia, Giovanni Scambia, Gianfranco Zannoni
BACKGROUND: Malignant transformation has been reported in approximately 1% of the endometriosis cases; herein, we report a case of clear cell endometrial carcinoma arising from endometriosis foci located within a caesarean section scar. CASE PRESENTATION: In November 2014, a Caucasian, 44-year-old woman was transferred to our institution because of severe respiratory failure due to massive lung embolism and rapid enlargement of a subcutaneous suprapubic mass. Abdomino-pelvic magnetic resonance showed a 10...
December 3, 2016: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897412/systemic-inflammation-body-composition-and-physical-performance-in-old-community-dwellers
#2
Riccardo Calvani, Federico Marini, Matteo Cesari, Thomas W Buford, Todd M Manini, Marco Pahor, Christiaan Leeuwenburgh, Roberto Bernabei, Francesco Landi, Emanuele Marzetti
BACKGROUND: Chronic inflammation, changes in body composition, and declining physical function are hallmarks of the ageing process. The aim of the present study was to provide a preliminary characterisation of the relationship among these age-related phenomena via multivariate modelling. METHODS: Thirty-five old adults (OAs) and 17 young adults (YAs) were enrolled. The volume of skeletal muscle, subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT), and intermuscular adipose tissue (IMAT) of the thigh was quantified by three-dimensional magnetic resonance imaging...
August 8, 2016: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893474/hypertrophy-and-explosive-reactive-functioning-in-sedentary-men-following-10-weeks-of-whole-body-vibration
#3
Jens Ebing, Ulf Gast, Christoph Hauptmann, Dieter Felsenberg, Daniel L Belavý
The objective of this study was to determine the impact of vertical (Power-plate; POW) and side-alternating (Galileo; GAL) whole-body vibration exercise on muscle mass and lower-limb neuromuscular function. Forty-three sedentary male subjects (18-30yr) randomized into three groups underwent two upper-body exercise sessions per week for 10 weeks. Two groups of subjects underwent additional squat exercises on the GAL (N=15) or POW (N=14) devices. The third group was control. On magnetic resonance imaging, volume of the thigh muscles was measured...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886005/compression-in-the-treatment-of-chronic-venous-insufficiency-efficacy-depending-on-the-length-of-the-stocking
#4
Wolfgang Konschake, Helene Riebe, P Pediaditi, Hermann Haase, Michael Jünger, Stine Lutze
BACKGROUND: Below knee two-component compression stockings (AD) have revealed as effective for compression treatment of venous leg ulcers. Upto groin, thigh length stocking (AG) may enhance clinical effects, however wear comfort of these stocking may be affected. OBJECTIVE: venous haemodynamic in relation to the length of compression stockings. METHODS: A two-component AD stocking (37 mmHg) and two thigh length stockings (AG 37, with an interface pressure of 37 mmHg; AG 45, with an interface pressure of 45 mmHg) were tested by 16 patients with CVI...
November 23, 2016: Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881116/concurrent-agreement-between-an-anthropometric-model-to-predict-thigh-volume-and-dual-energy-x-ray-absorptiometry-assessment-in-female-volleyball-players-aged-14-18-years
#5
Óscar M Tavares, João Valente-Dos-Santos, João P Duarte, Susana C Póvoas, Luís A Gobbo, Rômulo A Fernandes, Daniel A Marinho, José M Casanova, Lauren B Sherar, Daniel Courteix, Manuel J Coelho-E-Silva
BACKGROUND: A variety of performance outputs are strongly determined by lower limbs volume and composition in children and adolescents. The current study aimed to examine the validity of thigh volume (TV) estimated by anthropometry in late adolescent female volleyball players. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) measures were used as the reference method. METHODS: Total and regional body composition was assessed with a Lunar DPX NT/Pro/MD+/Duo/Bravo scanner in a cross-sectional sample of 42 Portuguese female volleyball players aged 14-18 years (165...
November 24, 2016: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867337/oligometastatic-growing-teratoma-syndrome-a-case-for-an-aggressive-surgical-approach
#6
William S Gange, Robert H Blackwell, John Biemer, Güliz A Barkan, Maria M Picken, Marcus L Quek
Growing teratoma syndrome is an infrequent presentation of testicular cancer. We present a case of growing teratoma syndrome in a patient who initially presented with clinical stage I nonseminomatous testicular germ cell tumor, who subsequently developed large volume oligometastases to the retroperitoneum, thorax, and thigh. Despite two regimens of chemotherapy, his disease progressed. Complete surgical extirpation of all gross tumors confirmed mature teratoma. An aggressive surgical approach, including postchemotherapy resection of all known metastatic sites, can provide long-term disease-free survival...
October 2016: Current Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859929/does-attenuated-skin-blood-flow-lower-sweat-rate-and-the-critical-environmental-limit-for-heat-balance-during-severe-heat-exposure
#7
Matthew N Cramer, Daniel Gagnon, Craig G Crandall, Ollie Jay
Attenuated skin blood flow (SkBF) is often assumed to impair core temperature (Tc ) regulation. Profound pharmacologically-induced reductions in SkBF (∼85%) lead to impaired sweating but whether the smaller attenuations in SkBF (∼20%) more associated with ageing and certain diseases lead to decrements in sweating and maximum heat loss potential is unknown. Seven healthy males (28 ± 4y) completed a 30-min equilibration period at 41°C and a vapour pressure (Pa ) of 2.57 kPa followed by incremental steps in Pa of 0...
November 11, 2016: Experimental Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823695/effect-of-remote-ischemic-conditioning-on-infarct-size-in-patients-with-anterior-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction
#8
Dinos Verouhis, Peder Sörensson, Andrey Gourine, Loghman Henareh, Jonas Persson, Nawzad Saleh, Magnus Settergren, Martin Sundqvist, Per Tornvall, Nils Witt, Felix Böhm, John Pernow
BACKGROUND: Previous studies indicate that remote ischemic conditioning performed before percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) reduces infarct size in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). It remains unclear whether remote conditioning affords protection when performed in adjunct to primary PCI. We aimed to study whether remote ischemic per-postconditioning (RIperpostC) initiated after admission to the catheterization laboratory attenuates myocardial infarct size in patients with anterior STEMI...
November 2016: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744584/resistance-training-intensity-and-volume-affect-changes-in-rate-of-force-development-in-resistance-trained-men
#9
Gerald T Mangine, Jay R Hoffman, Ran Wang, Adam M Gonzalez, Jeremy R Townsend, Adam J Wells, Adam R Jajtner, Kyle S Beyer, Carleigh H Boone, Amelia A Miramonti, Michael B LaMonica, David H Fukuda, Nicholas A Ratamess, Jeffrey R Stout
PURPOSE: To compare the effects of two different resistance training programs, high intensity (INT) and high volume (VOL), on changes in isometric force (FRC), rate of force development (RFD), and barbell velocity during dynamic strength testing. METHODS: Twenty-nine resistance-trained men were randomly assigned to either the INT (n = 15, 3-5 RM, 3-min rest interval) or VOL (n = 14, 10-12 RM, 1-min rest interval) training group for 8 weeks. All participants completed a 2-week preparatory phase prior to randomization...
October 15, 2016: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27721842/metformin-displays-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-antitumor-effect-against-osteosarcoma
#10
Yunmi Ko, Aery Choi, Minyoung Lee, Jun Ah Lee
PURPOSE: Patients with unresectable, relapsed, or refractory osteosarcoma need a novel therapeutic agent. Metformin is a biguanide derivative used in the treatment of type II diabetes, and is recently gaining attention in cancer research. METHODS: We evaluated the effect of metformin against human osteosarcoma. Four osteosarcoma cell lines (KHOS/NP, HOS, MG-63, U-2 OS) were treated with metformin and cell proliferation was evaluated using 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay...
September 2016: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689055/three-directional-reconstruction-of-a-massive-perineal-defect-after-wide-local-excision-of-extramammary-paget-s-disease
#11
Seung Woo Cho, Hak Chang, Sung Tack Kwon
Extramammary Paget's disease (EMPD) is a rare, slow-growing intraepithelial malignancy that mainly involves the genital region, including the vulva, penis, scrotum, perianal, and periurethral areas. Although several treatment options exist, wide local excision with a safe margin is considered the treatment of choice. After resection of the lesion, it is often challenging to reconstruct the defect because defects in the perineal region require adequate volume for protection and are susceptible to infections, which is a particularly significant risk for large defects...
September 2016: Archives of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27688917/compartment-syndrome-as-a-result-of-systemic-capillary-leak-syndrome
#12
Kwadwo Kyeremanteng, Gianni D'Egidio, Cynthia Wan, Alan Baxter, Hans Rosenberg
Objective. To describe a single case of Systemic Capillary Leak Syndrome (SCLS) with a rare complication of compartment syndrome. Patient. Our patient is a 57-year-old male, referred to our hospital due to polycythemia (hemoglobin (Hgb) of 220 g/L), hypotension, acute renal failure, and bilateral calf pain. Measurements and Main Results. The patient required bilateral forearm, thigh, and calf fasciotomies during his ICU stay and continuous renal replacement therapy was instituted following onset of acute renal failure and oliguria...
2016: Case Reports in Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27684809/polidocanol-versus-glucose-in-the-treatment-of-telangiectasia-of-the-lower-limbs-pg3t-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#13
Matheus Bertanha, Paula Angeleli Bueno de Camargo, Regina Moura, Winston Bonetti Yoshida, Rafael Elias Farres Pimenta, Jamil Victor de Oliveira Mariúba, Giovana Piteri Alcantara, Dênia Reis de Paula, Marcone Lima Sobreira
BACKGROUND: Telangiectasias are defined as small venules abnormally dilated, located in the intradermal portion of the skin, of reddish or bluish tinge, their diameter not exceeding 1 mm; they are classified by the American Venous Forum as mild venous disease CEAP C1. Conventional treatment consists of chemical sclerotherapy, considered a minimally invasive technique with rapid clinical recovery. A wide variety of sclerosing solutions can be used for this purpose. METHODS/DESIGN: This project intends to include 96 patients that will be randomized to a triple-blind study...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676147/validation-of-body-volume-acquisition-by-using-elliptical-zone-method
#14
C-Y Chiu, D L Pease, S Fawkner, R H Sanders
The elliptical zone method (E-Zone) can be used to obtain reliable body volume data including total body volume and segmental volumes with inexpensive and portable equipment. The purpose of this research was to assess the accuracy of body volume data obtained from E-Zone by comparing them with those acquired from the 3D photonic scanning method (3DPS). 17 male participants with diverse somatotypes were recruited. Each participant was scanned twice on the same day by a 3D whole-body scanner and photographed twice for the E-Zone analysis...
September 27, 2016: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27662190/feasibility-of-mr-based-body-composition-analysis-in-large-scale-population-studies
#15
Janne West, Olof Dahlqvist Leinhard, Thobias Romu, Rory Collins, Steve Garratt, Jimmy D Bell, Magnus Borga, Louise Thomas
INTRODUCTION: Quantitative and accurate measurements of fat and muscle in the body are important for prevention and diagnosis of diseases related to obesity and muscle degeneration. Manually segmenting muscle and fat compartments in MR body-images is laborious and time-consuming, hindering implementation in large cohorts. In the present study, the feasibility and success-rate of a Dixon-based MR scan followed by an intensity-normalised, non-rigid, multi-atlas based segmentation was investigated in a cohort of 3,000 subjects...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27636539/study-of-the-impact-of-the-location-of-a-perforator-in-the-perfusion-of-a-perforator-flap-the-concept-of-angle-of-perfusion
#16
Alexis T Laungani, Jodie Christner, Jason A Primus, Nirusha Lachman, Karla V Ballman, Anita Mohan, Michel Saint-Cyr
Background Perforator flaps remain challenging in their design, especially as free flaps. We used a cadaveric model to help refine the design of perforator flaps by studying their vascular features. We define the angle of perfusion of a perforator as a tool to achieve safer flap designs. Methods A total of 83 flaps were designed from 20 fresh cadaveric anterolateral thigh flaps. The most dominant perforator larger than 0.5 mm was used as the reference point on the midline of the flap, and the tip of the flap was set at 5 cm (n = 10), 2 cm (n = 5), or 10 cm (n = 5) from this perforator...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27634336/repeatability-of-volume-and-regional-body-composition-measurements-of-the-lower-limb-using-dual-energy-x-ray-absorptiometry
#17
Caroline A Gjorup, Bo Zerahn, Sarah Juul, Helle W Hendel, Karl Bang Christensen, Lisbet R Hölmich
Lower limb lymphedema is a dynamic condition in which tissue composition and volume measurements are affected. Various definitions of lower limb lymphedema exist but volume differences between the limbs are widely used. It is therefore necessary to have a readily available noninvasive measurement technique allowing multiple measurements of the lower limbs. This study investigated the repeatability of duplicate volume and regional body composition measurements of the lower limb using the GE Lunar Prodigy dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) scanner Prodigy (GE Medical Systems, Madison, WI)...
September 12, 2016: Journal of Clinical Densitometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27595186/effects-of-tissue-component-volumes-on-vascular-resistance-in-free-flaps
#18
Masashi Ono, Keisuke Takanari, Kazuhiro Toriyama, Shunjiro Yagi, Katsumi Ebisawa, Hisashi Sawamura, Miki Kambe, Kenta Murotani, Yuzuru Kamei
Background A successful free flap transfer is achieved, in part, by having a thorough understanding of vascular anatomy and blood flow dynamics. We previously reported that vascular resistance differs by type of free flap. To test the hypothesis that the difference reflects the proportion of tissue components within free flaps, we calculated blood flow and vascular resistance for free flaps in which we determined the volume of each tissue component. Methods Measurements and calculations were made for 40 free flap transfers performed at our hospital: 7 radial forearm flaps, 14 anterolateral thigh flaps, and 19 rectus abdominis myocutaneous flaps...
September 5, 2016: Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27590314/validity-of-muscle-thickness-based-prediction-equation-for-quadriceps-femoris-volume-in-middle-aged-and-older-men-and-women
#19
Miyuki Nakatani, Yohei Takai, Ryota Akagi, Taku Wakahara, Norihide Sugisaki, Megumi Ohta, Yasuo Kawakami, Tetsuo Fukunaga, Hiroaki Kanehisa
BACKGROUND: This study examined the validity of muscle thickness (MT)-based prediction equation for the muscle volume of the quadriceps femoris (QFMV) by evaluating the applicability of a prediction equation previously derived from young men and by developing a new prediction equation in middle-aged and older individuals. METHODS: The MT at the midpoint of the thigh anterior and QFMV were determined using ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging in 30 men and 30 women aged 51 to 77 years...
September 2, 2016: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27580145/physiological-adaptations-to-sprint-interval-training-with-matched-exercise-volume
#20
Lee Chia-Lun, Hsu Wei-Chieh, Cheng Ching-Feng
PURPOSE: To determine how high-intensity interval training (HIIT) protocols featuring matched times but distinct sprint durations affect cardiorespiratory and metabolic responses and performance. METHODS: Thirty-eight recreationally active men (aged 21 ± 2 years) were assigned to one of three interval training groups: long-duration high-intensity (HIIT60s; 8 × 60-s at 85%-90% V˙O2max; 120-s recovery at 30% V˙O2max), short-duration high-intensity (HIIT10s; 48 × 10-s at 85%-90% V˙O2max; 20-s recovery at 30% V˙O2max), and control (CON; regular physical activity without HIIT)...
August 30, 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
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