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Lithium health

Viktoriya L Nikolova, Keerati Pattanaseri, Diego Hidalgo-Mazzei, David Taylor, Allan H Young
BACKGROUND: Lithium is widely used for the treatment of bipolar disorder. Owing to its narrow therapeutic index and side-effect profile, regular monitoring of serum levels, renal and thyroid function has been recommended by all major guidelines on lithium use. OBJECTIVES: We investigated whether lithium monitoring during maintenance phase treatment in clinical practice meets the latest recommendation by the National Institute for Health and Clinical excellence (i...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Psychopharmacology
Violaine Sironval, Laurence Reylandt, Perrine Chaurand, Saloua Ibouraadaten, Mihaly Palmai-Pallag, Yousof Yakoub, Bernard Ucakar, Jérôme Rose, Claude Poleunis, Rita Vanbever, Etienne Marbaix, Dominique Lison, Sybille van den Brule
Rechargeable Li-ion batteries (LIB) are increasingly produced and used worldwide. LIB electrodes are made of micrometric and low solubility particles, consisting of toxicologically relevant elements. The health hazard of these materials is not known. Here, we investigated the respiratory hazard of three leading LIB components (LiFePO4 or LFP, Li4 Ti5 O12 or LTO, and LiCoO2 or LCO) and their mechanisms of action. Particles were characterized physico-chemically and elemental bioaccessibility was documented. Lung inflammation and fibrotic responses, as well as particle persistence and ion bioavailability, were assessed in mice after aspiration of LIB particles (0...
March 17, 2018: Archives of Toxicology
Gin S Malhi, Tim Outhred, Grace Morris, Philip M Boyce, Richard Bryant, Paul B Fitzgerald, Malcolm J Hopwood, Bill Lyndon, Roger Mulder, Greg Murray, Richard J Porter, Ajeet B Singh, Kristina Fritz
In December 2015, the Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists published a comprehensive set of mood disorder clinical practice guidelines for psychiatrists, psychologists and mental health professionals. This guideline summary, directed broadly at primary care physicians, is an abridged version that focuses on bipolar disorder. It is intended as an aid to the management of this complex disorder for primary care physicians working in collaboration with psychiatrists to implement successful long term management...
March 19, 2018: Medical Journal of Australia
W Philip T James
BACKGROUND: This analysis sets out an overview of an IUNS presentation of a European clinician's assessment of the challenges of coping with immediate critical clinical problems and how to use metabolic and a mechanistic understanding of disease when developing nutritional policies. SUMMARY: Critically ill malnourished children prove very sensitive to both mineral and general nutritional overload, but after careful metabolic control they can cope with a high-quality, energy-rich diet provided their initial lactase deficiency and intestinal atrophy are taken into account...
March 8, 2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
Anke Hoffmann, Vincenza Sportelli, Michael Ziller, Dietmar Spengler
Bipolar disease (BD) is one of the major public health burdens worldwide and more people are affected every year. Comprehensive genetic studies have associated thousands of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) with BD risk; yet, very little is known about their functional roles. Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) are powerful tools for investigating the relationship between genotype and phenotype in disease-relevant tissues and cell types. Neural cells generated from BD-specific iPSCs are thought to capture associated genetic risk factors, known and unknown, and to allow the analysis of their effects on cellular and molecular phenotypes...
March 8, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Markku Lähteenvuo, Antti Tanskanen, Heidi Taipale, Fabian Hoti, Pia Vattulainen, Eduard Vieta, Jari Tiihonen
Importance: Mood stabilizers and antipsychotics are the main maintenance treatments for bipolar disorder. Lithium is considered to be the most effective mood stabilizer, but very little is known about overall health outcomes associated with specific treatments and the comparative long-term effectiveness of specific psychotropics or routes of administration in the prevention of rehospitalizations. Objective: To study the comparative effectiveness of pharmacologic treatments in the prevention of rehospitalization in a nationwide cohort of patients with bipolar disorder...
February 28, 2018: JAMA Psychiatry
Hongying Hou, Zhipeng Dai, Xianxi Liu, Yuan Yao, Qishu Liao, Chengyi Yu, Dongdong Li
Waste antibiotics into the natural environment are the large challenges to the environmental protection and the human health, and the unreasonable disposal of the expired antibiotics is a major pollution source. Herein, to achieve the innocent treatment and the resource recovery, the expired tetracycline was tried to be reutilized as the electrode active material in lithium ion battery (LIB) for the first time. The micro-structure and element component of the expired tetracycline were characterized by scanning electron microscope (SEM), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR)...
February 24, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Roxanne J Wadia, Marilyn Stolar, Clarice Grens, Barbara E Ehrlich, Herta H Chao
Peripheral neuropathy is a major adverse effect in the use of chemotherapeutic drugs. In nearly 50% of patients, chemotherapy induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) has been reported as irreversible. With increasing numbers of patients surviving treatment as well as increasing duration of survival after treatment, reducing the side effects of chemotherapy and improving the quality of life has become a major focus of cancer survivorship. Multiple classes of chemotherapeutic drugs including taxanes, platinum agents and vinka alkaloids list peripheral neuropathy as the main dose-limiting side effect of treatment...
January 26, 2018: Oncotarget
Cheng Chia Lin, Tsung-Cheng Hsieh, Lawrence Shih-Hsin Wu
BACKGROUND: Epigenetic events play a major role in the carcinogenesis of many cancers. A retrospective cohort study had been performed to evaluate the effects of exposure to the anticonvulsant agent valproic acid (VPA), a histone deacetylase inhibitor, on the risk of developing cancers. METHODS: The study was based on the 1998 through 2009 National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD), provided by the Taiwan National Health Research Institute. Patients with a diagnosis of bipolar disorder (ICD-9-CM codes 296...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
Chiara C Bortolasci, Briana Spolding, Edward Callaly, Sheree Martin, Bruna Panizzutti, Srisaiyini Kidnapillai, Timothy Connor, Kyoko Hasebe, Mohammadreza Mohebbi, Olivia M Dean, Sean L McGee, Seetal Dodd, Laura Gray, Michael Berk, Ken Walder
Background: Bipolar disorder (BD) is a mental health condition with progressive social and cognitive function disturbances. Most patients' treatments are based on polypharmacy, but with no biological basis and little is known of the drugs' interactions. The aim of this study was to analyse the effects of lithium, valproate, quetiapine and lamotrigine, and the interactions between them, on markers of inflammation, bioenergetics, mitochondrial function and oxidative stress in neuron-like cells (NT2) and microglial cells...
February 19, 2018: International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology
Krzysztof Pietruczuk, Katarzyna A Lisowska, Karol Grabowski, Jerzy Landowski, Jacek M Witkowski
The aim of the study was to evaluate proliferation capacity and susceptibility to apoptosis of T lymphocytes of patients with bipolar disorder (BD) and to investigate in vitro influence of two standard mood stabilizers: lithium and valproic acid on these parameters using flow cytometry. Our results show that T lymphocytes of BD patients, especially those treated with lithium, have reduced proliferation capacity compared to healthy people. In vitro studies showed that valproic acid reduces the number of cell divisions and percentages of proliferating cells regardless of health status but mainly in very high dose, while lithium has no significant influence on proliferation capacity of patients' T lymphocytes...
February 20, 2018: Scientific Reports
A T Spijker, J van Zaane, M A Koenders, R Hoekstra, R W Kupka
A fairly large proportion (25-50%) of patients with bipolar disorder (bd) also suffer from comorbid alcohol use disorder (aud). However, little is known how this type of morbidity should be treated. It is also unclear whether the current guidelines on bd have been influenced by aud.<br/> AIM: To provide an overview of recent literature concerning the diagnosis and treatment of comorbid bd and aud.<br/> METHOD: We systematically reviewed studies that have addressed three treatment options for this group of patients: pharmaco-therapy, psychological interventions and self-management techniques...
2018: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
David Glesener, Gwendolyn Anderson, Xuan Li, Jacob Brown, James Amell, Ronald Regal, Donald Ferguson
OBJECTIVE: This study assesses the effects of race, age, sex, and time spent in foster care on rates of psychotropic medication use for children in foster care in 2012. METHODS: Using existing electronic records through county Social Service and Minnesota Medical Assistance databases, 626 children were identified using the inclusion criteria of having been in foster care for at least 30 days during 2012 in St. Louis County, Minnesota. All prescriptions for dispensed psychotropic medications were identified into the following classes: antidepressants, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) medications, antipsychotics, alpha-agonists, and other (including anticonvulsants/mood stabilizers, lithium, benzodiazepines, and sedative hypnotics)...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
D J Müller, E J Brandl, F Degenhardt, K Domschke, H Grabe, O Gruber, J Hebebrand, W Maier, A Menke, M Riemenschneider, M Rietschel, D Rujescu, T G Schulze, L Tebartz van Elst, O Tüscher, J Deckert
In this article, the current literature on pharmacogenetics of antidepressants, antipsychotics and lithium are summarized by the section of Neurobiology and Genetics of the German Society of Psychiatry, Psychotherapy and Neurology (DGPPN). The publications of international expert groups and regulatory authorities are reviewed and discussed. In Germany, a statement on pharmacogenetics was also made by the gene diagnostics committee of the Ministry of Health. The DGPPN supports two recommendations: 1) to perform CYP2D6 genetic testing prior to prescription of tricyclic antidepressants and 2) to determine the HLA-B*1502 genotype in patients of Asian origin before using carbamazepine...
January 30, 2018: Der Nervenarzt
Xiangping Chen, Chunxiu Guo, Hongrui Ma, Jiazhu Li, Tao Zhou, Ling Cao, Duozhi Kang
It is significant to recover metal values from spent lithium ion batteries (LIBs) for the alleviation or prevention of potential risks towards environmental pollution and public health, as well as for the conservation of valuable metals. Herein a hydrometallurgical process was proposed to explore the possibility for the leaching of different metals from waste cathodic materials (LiCoO2) of spent LIBs using organics as reductant in sulfuric acid medium. According to the leaching results, about 98% Co and 96% Li can be leached under the optimal experimental conditions of reaction temperature - 95 °C, reaction time - 120 min, reductive agent dosage - 0...
January 20, 2018: Waste Management
Bettina Ziegelmann, Elisabeth Abele, Stefan Hannus, Michaela Beitzinger, Stefan Berg, Peter Rosenkranz
Honey bees are increasingly important in the pollination of crops and wild plants. Recent reports of the weakening and periodical high losses of managed honey bee colonies have alarmed beekeeper, farmers and scientists. Infestations with the ectoparasitic mite Varroa destructor in combination with its associated viruses have been identified as a crucial driver of these health problems. Although yearly treatments are required to prevent collapses of honey bee colonies, the number of effective acaricides is small and no new active compounds have been registered in the past 25 years...
January 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
Anup Barai, Kotub Uddin, W D Widanage, Andrew McGordon, Paul Jennings
The power capability of a lithium ion battery is governed by its resistance, which changes with battery state such as temperature, state of charge, and state of health. Characterizing resistance, therefore, is integral in defining battery operational boundaries, estimating its performance and tracking its state of health. There are many techniques that have been employed for estimating the resistance of a battery, these include: using DC pulse current signals such as pulse power tests or Hybrid Pulse Power Characterization (HPPC) tests; using AC current signals, i...
January 8, 2018: Scientific Reports
Andrea Klink, Martin Groten, Fabian Huettig
OBJECTIVES: This clinical follow-up evaluated the long-term outcome of full-mouth rehabilitations with adhesively bonded all-ceramic restorations in patients suffering from amelogenesis imperfecta (AI) or affected by extensive tooth wear including a loss of the vertical dimension of occlusion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Included for evaluation were all patients treated with adhesively bonded monolithic single-tooth restorations made of silicate or lithium disilicate ceramics; allowing a maximum four missing teeth and a facial feldspathic veneering of LDS anterior crowns...
December 21, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
Carlo E Poggio, Carlo Ercoli, Lorena Rispoli, Carlo Maiorana, Marco Esposito
BACKGROUND: Fixed prosthodontic treatment (crowns, fixed dental prostheses (FDPs), complete arch prostheses) involves the use of several different materials to replace missing tooth structure. Traditionally full metal or metal frameworks veneered with ceramic (metal-ceramic (MC)) have been used. In recent years several different metal-free systems have become available to clinicians and patients. In general, metal-free restorations should allow practitioners to better reproduce natural tooth colour, avoiding shortcomings of MC restorations...
December 20, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
M Fornaro, F Iasevoli, S Novello, A Fusco, A Anastasia, D De Berardis, A Valchera, A de Bartolomeis
BACKGROUND: Hospitalization accounts for significant health care resource utilization for treatment-resistant Bipolar Disorder (BD), especially among frequent users of acute inpatient psychiatric units. Appraisal of the clinical features and predictive role of selected variables is therefore crucial in such population, representing the aim of the present research. METHODS: A hundred and nineteen BD inpatients with an established history of pharmacological treatment resistance for either mania or bipolar depression were classified as long hospitalization cases (LOS+ ) and their controls and compared against each other for a number of demographic, clinical, and psychopathological features...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
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