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Lithium health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150869/maternal-mood-disorders-and-lithium-exposure-in-utero-were-not-associated-with-poor-cognitive-development-during-childhood
#1
L Forsberg, M Adler, I Römer Ek, M Ljungdahl, L Navér, L L Gustafsson, G Berglund, A Chotigasatien, U Hammar, B Böhm, K Wide
AIM: This study evaluated whether maternal mood disorders, particularly bipolar disorder, and lithium treatment during pregnancy influenced the neonatal health and cognition of children born from 2006- 2010. METHODS: Our study at Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden, focused on women with and without mood disorders and their children. Information on pharmacotherapy, mental health, delivery and neonatal complications was retrospectively collected from electronic patient records...
November 18, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110453/development-of-embedded-fiber-optic-evanescent-wave-sensors-for-optical-characterization-of-graphite-anodes-in-lithium-ion-batteries
#2
AbdulRahman Ghannoum, Patricia Nieva, Aiping Yu, Amir Khajepour
The development, fabrication, and embedment of fiber-optic evanescent wave sensors (FOEWSs) to monitor the state of charge (SOC) and the state of health (SOH) of lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) are presented. Etching of FOEWSs is performed using a solution of 40 wt % ammonium fluoride (NH4F) and 49 wt % hydrofluoric acid (HF) (6:1), which is found to be superior to an etching solution containing just 49 wt % HF. FOEWSs were characterized using glycerol and found to have the highest sensitivity in a lithium-ion battery when they lose 92% of their transmittance in the presence of glycerol on their sensing region...
November 14, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103104/clinical-survival-of-chair-side-generated-monolithic-lithium-disilicate-crowns-10-year-results
#3
Angelika Rauch, Sven Reich, Luise Dalchau, Oliver Schierz
OBJECTIVES: Nowadays, all-ceramic materials are routinely used within the treatment of patients in dentistry. The objective of this prospective clinical trial was the evaluation of chair-side generated monolithic lithium disilicate crowns after 10 years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-one posterior full contour crowns made of lithium disilicate ceramics were inserted with a self-adhesive resin cement in 34 patients (20 university/14 private practice) using a chair-side CAD/CAM technique...
November 4, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083536/bipolar-disorder-in-pregnancy-a-review-of-pregnancy-outcomes
#4
REVIEW
Debra A Scrandis
INTRODUCTION: Women with bipolar disorder may benefit from continuation of their medications during pregnancy, but there may be risks to the fetus associated with some of these medications. This article examines the evidence relating to the effect of bipolar disorder and pharmacologic treatments for bipolar disorder on pregnancy outcomes. METHODS: MEDLINE, CINAHL, ProQuest Dissertation & Theses, and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews were searched for English-language studies published between 2000 and 2017, excluding case reports and integrative reviews...
October 30, 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061380/influence-of-cervical-margin-relocation-cmr-on-periodontal-health-12-month-results-of-a-controlled-trial
#5
Marco Ferrari, Serhat Koken, Simone Grandini, Edoardo Ferrari Cagidiaco, Tim Joda, Nicola Discepoli
OBJECTIVES: The concept of Cervical Margin Relocation (CMR) consists on placing a base layer of direct resin composite to elevate supra-gingivally the proximal indirect bonded restorations. The aims of this clinical study were to evaluate 1. Bleeding on Probing (BoP) on posterior indirect restorations with one interproximal margin relocated cervically, and 2. possible correlation between depth of the interproximal margins and BoP. METHODS: CMR (Group 1) and shoulder preparations (Group 2) were performed in 35 posterior teeth and evaluated after 12 months (T12)...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055937/reaching-consensus-on-communication-of-critical-laboratory-results-using-a-collective-intelligence-method
#6
Maria Isabel Llovet, Carmen Biosca, Alicia Martínez-Iribarren, Aurora Blanco, Glòria Busquets, María José Castro, Maria Antonia Llopis, Mercè Montesinos, Joana Minchinela, Carme Perich, Judith Prieto, Rosa Ruiz, Núria Serrat, Margarita Simón, Alex Trejo, Josep Maria Monguet, Carlos López-Pablo, Mercè Ibarz
BACKGROUND: There is no consensus in the literature about what analytes or values should be informed as critical results and how they should be communicated. The main aim of this project is to establish consensual standards of critical results for the laboratories participating in the study. Among the project's secondary objectives, establishing consensual procedures for communication can be highlighted. METHODS: Consensus was reached among all participating laboratories establishing the basis for the construction of the initial model put forward for consensus in conjunction with the clinicians...
October 23, 2017: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053979/associations-between-use-of-mood-stabilizers-and-risk-of-cataract-a-population-based-nested-case-control-study
#7
Che-Sheng Chu, Ching-Heng Lin, Tsuo-Hung Lan, Po-Han Chou
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate whether use of mood stabilizers (MS) is associated with an increased risk of cataract development. METHODS: We conducted a nested case-control study using National Health Insurance Research Database in Taiwan. A total of 14,288 patients with bipolar disorder (BD) and schizophrenia were included; 7651 in the cataract group and 6637 in the control group. Based on overall cumulative period of MS (lithium, carbamazepine, valproate, and lamotrigine) treatment, we categorized into following groups: no use, and duration < 1 year, 1 to 2 years, and > 2 years...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994612/metal-concentrations-in-samples-of-frozen-cephalopods-cuttlefish-octopus-squid-and-shortfin-squid-an-evaluation-of-dietary-intake
#8
D Sangiuliano, C Rubio, A J Gutiérrez, D González-Weller, C Revert, A Hardisson, E Zanardi, S Paz
Cephalopods are an important source of nutrients and some of the most widely consumed marine foods. However, because of contamination of the oceans and the bioaccumulative nature of toxic metals, these foods may pose a health risk. For this reason, the concentrations of some trace elements (chromium [Cr], lithium, strontium [Sr], copper [Cu], and nickel) and toxic metals (aluminum [Al], cadmium, and lead) were determined in 65 frozen samples of cuttlefish, octopus, common squid, and shortfin squid by inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry to evaluate dietary intake and toxic risk...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982303/possible-garcinia-cambogia-induced-mania-with-psychosis-a-case-report
#9
David C Nguyen, Tysen K Timmer, Blair C Davison, Ian R McGrane
Garcinia cambogia is a Southeast Asian fruit becoming increasingly popular as a weight management supplement. Hydroxycitric acid (HCA) is the primary active ingredient which demonstrates serotonergic- and muscarinic-enhancing properties via inhibition of selective serotonin reuptake and acetylcholinesterase. We report a young adult female with no history of bipolar disorder who developed mania and psychosis approximately 1 week following initiation of G cambogia and the Cleanse and Detox™ dietary supplement manufactured by Apex Vitality Health...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981868/new-research-strategy-for-measuring-pre-and-postnatal-metal-dysregulation-in-psychotic-disorders
#10
Eva Velthorst, Lauren Smith, Ghalib Bello, Christine Austin, Chris Gennings, Amirhoessein Modabbernia, Nathalie Franke, Sophia Frangou, Robert Wright, Lieuwe de Haan, Abraham Reichenberg, Manish Arora
While previous studies have found evidence for detrimental effects of metals on neurodevelopment, the long-term effects on mental health remain unclear. The objective was to explore the effect of early metal exposure on risk of psychotic disorder and on symptom severity following illness onset. Through the use of validated tooth-biomarkers, we estimated pre- and postnatal exposure levels of essential elements (copper, magnesium, manganese, and zinc) and elements associated with neurotoxicity (lead, arsenic, lithium, and tin)...
October 21, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973831/bounding-analysis-of-drinking-water-health-risks-from-a-spill-of-hydraulic-fracturing-flowback-water
#11
William R Rish, Edward J Pfau
A bounding risk assessment is presented that evaluates possible human health risk from a hypothetical scenario involving a 10,000-gallon release of flowback water from horizontal fracturing of Marcellus Shale. The water is assumed to be spilled on the ground, infiltrates into groundwater that is a source of drinking water, and an adult and child located downgradient drink the groundwater. Key uncertainties in estimating risk are given explicit quantitative treatment using Monte Carlo analysis. Chemicals that contribute significantly to estimated health risks are identified, as are key uncertainties and variables to which risk estimates are sensitive...
October 3, 2017: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965115/clinical-outcomes-and-predictors-for-satisfaction-in-patients-with-improved-lithium-disilicate-all-ceramic-crowns
#12
Mazin Samer, Fawaz AlQahtani, Sami AlDubai, Hadijah Abdullah, Tara Taiyeb-Ali, Fahim Vohra, Roslan Saub
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the clinical outcomes and predictors of satisfaction in patients with lithium disilicate (LD) ceramic crowns. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Clinical outcomes were assessed in 47 patients with 88 LD crowns using modified United States Public Health Service evaluation (USPHS) criteria and survival rates. The questionnaire for predictors included three aspects; a) socio-demographic characteristics; b) oral health habits (tooth brushing frequency, flossing frequency, and dental visits) and c) satisfaction of the restorations (aesthetics, function, fit, cleans ability and chewing ability of the crowns and overall satisfaction)...
October 1, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953812/study-on-lithium-monitoring-amongst-patients-in-a-community-mental-health-and-primary-care-setting-in-rural-england
#13
Nicholas Savage, Jessica Green, Madhavan Seshadri, Madhusudan Deepak Thalitaya
BACKGROUND: Lithium is widely used as a mood stabilizer in managing Bipolar Disorder. It is also licensed as an augmenting agent for recurrent depression and treatment resistant depression. However, it has a narrow therapeutic index with potentially significant side effects and adverse drug interactions. Toxicity is one of the main concerns for prescribers and serum levels should be checked regularly. Also, due to the adverse effects on Kidneys and Thyroid, there are strict guidelines to monitor the kidney as well as thyroid functions periodically...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938233/no-apparent-association-between-bipolar-disorder-and-cancer-in-a-large-epidemiological-study-of-outpatients-in-a-managed-care-population
#14
Natan R Kahan, Barbara Silverman, Irena Liphshitz, Dan-Andrei Waitman, Itzhak Ben-Zion, Alexander M Ponizovsky, Abraham Weizman, Alexander Grinshpoon
An association between bipolar disorder (BD) and cancer risk has been reported. The purpose of this study was to investigate this association through linkage analysis of a national HMO database and a national cancer registry. All members of the Leumit Health Services (LHS) HMO of Israel from 2000 to 2012 were included. Members with a recorded diagnosis of BD and a record of at least one written or dispensed prescription for pharmacotherapy for treatment of BD were classified as patients with BD. We linked the LHS population with the Israel National Cancer Registry database to capture all cases of cancer reported...
September 21, 2017: International Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809398/precision-medicine-for-suicidality-from-universality-to-subtypes-and-personalization
#15
A B Niculescu, H Le-Niculescu, D F Levey, P L Phalen, H L Dainton, K Roseberry, E M Niculescu, J O Niezer, A Williams, D L Graham, T J Jones, V Venugopal, A Ballew, M Yard, T Gelbart, S M Kurian, A Shekhar, N J Schork, G E Sandusky, D R Salomon
Suicide remains a clear, present and increasing public health problem, despite being a potentially preventable tragedy. Its incidence is particularly high in people with overt or un(der)diagnosed psychiatric disorders. Objective and precise identification of individuals at risk, ways of monitoring response to treatments and novel preventive therapeutics need to be discovered, employed and widely deployed. We sought to investigate whether blood gene expression biomarkers for suicide (that is, a 'liquid biopsy' approach) can be identified that are more universal in nature, working across psychiatric diagnoses and genders, using larger cohorts than in previous studies...
September 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767208/lithium-use-but-not-valproate-use-is-associated-with-a-higher-risk-of-chronic-kidney-disease-in-older-adults-with-mental-illness
#16
Soham Rej, Nathan Herrmann, Kenneth Shulman, Hadas D Fischer, Kinwah Fung, Ziv Harel, Andrea Gruneir
OBJECTIVE: Lithium is an essential mood disorder treatment; however, it remains unclear whether lithium increases chronic kidney disease (CKD) risk. There are few data on this in the elderly, even though older adults may be particularly susceptible to CKD. We wished to determine whether lithium is associated with increased CKD risk relative to valproate in older adults. METHODS: This nested case-control study analyzed province-wide administrative health data from mental health service users aged ≥ 66 years in Ontario, Canada, from 2003 to 2014...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761912/risk-factors-accelerating-hypothyroidism-in-pregnant-women-referred-to-health-centers-in-abadan-iran
#17
Mahboobeh Momtazan, Mohammad Javad Mohammadi, Raha Tabahfar, Soraya Rezaee, Aliasghar Valipour, Fatemeh Jamei, Ahmad Reza Yari, Azimeh Karimyan, Sahar Geravandi
The present work contains data obtained during the analysis of pregnant women referred to Abadan Health Centers Organization (Abadan HCO) with confirmed acute hypothyroidism diagnosis. From among all pregnant women referred to Abadan HCO, 600 were chosen consisting of 120 pregnant women from each of the health centers in quintuple areas. In this paper, the effects of family history, occupation, death, abortion, type of diabetes, smoking, lithium consumption, allergy, radiotherapy, ovarian cysts (OC) and oral contraceptive pills (OCP) consumption have been studied (Yassaee et al...
October 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758250/thermal-injury-caused-by-the-explosion-of-a-lithium-ion-mobile-phone-battery
#18
Monica Corazza, Riccardo Forconi, Dario Musmeci, Giulia Toni, Alessandro Borghi
Mobile phones are part of everyday life. They are generally considered safe for our health, but they may sometimes elicit contact dermatitis, especially due to metals. Furthermore they are under investigation for being involved in the development of defective testicular function and gliomas. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
July 31, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755622/trajectories-of-suicidal-ideation-over-6-months-among-482-outpatients-with-bipolar-disorder
#19
Ole Köhler-Forsberg, Trine Madsen, Ida Behrendt-Møller, Louisa Sylvia, Charles L Bowden, Keming Gao, William V Bobo, Madhukar H Trivedi, Joseph R Calabrese, Michael Thase, Richard C Shelton, Melvin McInnis, Mauricio Tohen, Terence A Ketter, Edward S Friedman, Thilo Deckersbach, Susan L McElroy, Noreen A Reilly-Harrington, Andrew A Nierenberg
INTRODUCTION: Suicidal ideation occurs frequently among individuals with bipolar disorder; however, its course and persistence over time remains unclear. We aimed to investigate 6-months trajectories of suicidal ideation among adults with bipolar disorder. METHODS: The Bipolar CHOICE study randomized 482 outpatients with bipolar disorder to 6 months of lithium- or quetiapine-based treatment including other psychotropic medications as clinically indicated. Participants were asked at 9 visits about suicidal ideation using the Concise Health Risk Tracking scale...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725147/shortage-of-psychotropic-medications-in-community-pharmacies-in-saudi-arabia-causes-and-solutions
#20
Yazed Sulaiman Al-Ruthia, Wael Mansy, Mohammad Barasin, Yazeed Mohammad Ghawaa, Mohammed AlSultan, Mohammad A Alsenaidy, Solaiman Alhawas, Sultan AlGhadeer
Background: Patients with mental disorders, such as depression and anxiety, who seek medical care in private psychiatric clinics in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, have recently expressed concerns to doctors about difficulty in filling psychotropic medications, such as Amitriptyline and Aripiprazole, at retail community pharmacies. Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate whether there is a shortage of some commonly prescribed psychotropic medications in retail community pharmacies in Saudi Arabia, and if so, to explore the possible reasons behind the shortage of these medications...
July 2017: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
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