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Lithium health

Shahnawaz Baloch, Tasneem Gul Kazi, Hassan Imran Afridi, Jameel Ahmed Baig, Farah Naz Talpur, Muhammad Balal Arain
There is some evidence that natural levels of lithium (Li) in drinking water may have a protective effect on neurological health. In present study, we evaluate the Li levels in drinking water of different origin and bottled mineral water. To evaluate the association between lithium levels in drinking water with human health, the scalp hair samples of male subjects (25-45 years) consumed drinking water obtained from ground water (GW), municipal treated water (MTW) and bottled mineral water (BMW) from rural and urban areas of Sindh, Pakistan were selected...
October 18, 2016: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
Alexandra S Creighton, Tanya E Davison, David W Kissane
OBJECTIVE: To synthesize and summarize the studies examining the correlates and predictors of anxiety in older adults living in residential aged care. METHODS: Using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines, five electronic databases were searched using key terms and subject headings, as well as reference lists of relevant papers. The search was limited to peer-reviewed literature published in English. Eligible studies examined the association between at least one correlate/factor and anxiety disorders or symptoms in aged care residents aged 50+ years...
October 17, 2016: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Marco Degidi, Diego Nardi, Gianluca Sighinolfi, Adriano Piattelli
PURPOSE: The use of the conical coupling connection to support definitive restorations was evaluated in cases involving full acrylic resin or hybrid acrylic resin-composite prostheses. The aim of this study was to evaluate the performance of definitive fixed partial prostheses made with lithium disilicate and supported by coupling connection abutments and healed implants. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The prostheses were placed in the posterior regions of partially edentulous patients; 65 patients received fixed lithium disilicate restorations splinted with conical coupling connections to two implants...
October 10, 2016: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
Thomas H Dubaniewicz, Joseph P DuCarme
Researchers with the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) studied the potential for lithium-ion cell thermal runaway from an internal short circuit in equipment for use in underground coal mines. In this third phase of the study, researchers compared plastic wedge crush-induced internal short circuit tests of selected lithium-ion cells within methane (CH4)-air mixtures with accelerated rate calorimetry tests of similar cells. Plastic wedge crush test results with metal oxide lithium-ion cells extracted from intrinsically safe evaluated equipment were mixed, with one cell model igniting the chamber atmosphere while another cell model did not...
September 2016: Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries
Breidge Boyle, Ester Garne, Maria Loane, Marie-Claude Addor, Larraitz Arriola, Clara Cavero-Carbonell, Miriam Gatt, Nathalie Lelong, Catherine Lynch, Vera Nelen, Amanda J Neville, Mary O'Mahony, Anna Pierini, Anke Rissmann, David Tucker, Natalia Zymak-Zakutnia, Helen Dolk
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to describe the epidemiology of Ebstein's anomaly in Europe and its association with maternal health and medication exposure during pregnancy. DESIGN: We carried out a descriptive epidemiological analysis of population-based data. SETTING: We included data from 15 European Surveillance of Congenital Anomalies Congenital Anomaly Registries in 12 European countries, with a population of 5.6 million births during 1982-2011...
August 30, 2016: Cardiology in the Young
Isabella Pacchiarotti, Jordi León-Caballero, Andrea Murru, Norma Verdolini, Maria Antonietta Furio, Corinna Pancheri, Marc Valentí, Ludovic Samalin, Eva Solé Roigé, Ana González-Pinto, Jose Manuel Montes, Antonio Benabarre, Jose Manuel Crespo, Consuelo de Dios Perrino, Jose Manuel Goikolea, Luis Gutiérrez-Rojas, André F Carvalho, Eduard Vieta
Breast milk is considered the best source of nutrients and provides much better protection than immune modified milk. However, the postpartum period is a phase of increased risk for all women to experience psychiatric symptoms and recurrences or new episodes of bipolar disorder (BD), especially in those who have discontinued treatment. This is a systematic review of the risks and benefits of mood stabilizers and antipsychotics during breastfeeding as they relate to the health and well-being of mothers and their infants...
October 2016: European Neuropsychopharmacology: the Journal of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology
Rujiao Zhang, Laping He, Ling Zhang, Cuiqin Li, Qiujin Zhu
Cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases seriously harm human health, and Bifidobacterium is the most beneficial probiotic in the gastrointestinal tract of humans. This work aimed to screen cholesterol-lowering Bifidobacterium from Guizhou Xiang Pig and evaluate its tolerance to oxygen, acid, and bile. Twenty-seven aerotolerant strains with similar colony to Bifidobacterium were isolated through incubation at 37℃ in 20% (v/v) CO2-80% (v/v) atmospheric air by using Mupirocin lithium modified MRS agar medium, modified PTYG with added CaCO3, and modified PTYG supplemented with X-gal...
2016: Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources
Samia Richards, Paul J A Withers, Eric Paterson, Colin W McRoberts, Marc Stutter
Discharges from the widely distributed small point sources of pollutants such as septic tanks contribute to microbial and nutrient loading of streams and can pose risks to human health and stream ecology, especially during periods of ecological sensitivity. Here we present the first comprehensive data on the compositional variability of septic tank effluents (STE) as a potential source of water pollution during different seasons and the associated links to their influence on stream waters. To determine STE parameters and nutrient variations, the biological and physicochemical properties of effluents sampled quarterly from 12 septic tank systems were investigated with concurrent analyses of upstream and downstream receiving waters...
November 15, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
Louis Jacob, Karel Kostev
AIM: To analyze psoriasis risk in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients treated in German primary care practices. METHODS: The study included 87,964 T2DM patients aged 40 years or over who received their initial diabetes diagnosis between 2004 and 2013. Patients were excluded if they had been diagnosed with psoriasis prior to diabetes diagnosis or if the observation period prior to the index date was less than 365 days. After applying these exclusion criteria, 72,148 T2DM patients were included...
July 23, 2016: Primary Care Diabetes
Chunyuan Sun, Wenji Zhao, Qianzhong Zhang, Xue Yu, Xiaoxia Zheng, Jiayin Zhao, Ming Lv
In order to acquire the pollution feature and regularities of distribution of metals in the topsoil within the sixth ring road in Beijing, a total of 46 soil samples were collected, and the concentrations of twelve elements (Nickel, Ni, Lithium, Li, Vanadium, V, Cobalt, Co, Barium, Ba, Strontium, Sr, Chrome, Cr, Molybdenum, Mo, Copper, Cu, Cadmium, Cd, Zinc, Zn, Lead, Pb) were analyzed. Geostatistics and multivariate statistics were conducted to identify spatial distribution characteristics and sources. In addition, the health risk of the analyzed heavy metals to humans (adult) was evaluated by an U...
2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Annemiek Dols, Lars Vedel Kessing, Sergio A Strejilevich, Soham Rej, Shang-Ying Tsai, Ariel G Gildengers, Osvaldo P Almeida, Kenneth I Shulman, Martha Sajatovic
OBJECTIVE: Older adults with bipolar disorder (OABD) are a growing segment of patients with bipolar disorder (BD) for which specific guidelines are warranted. Although, OABD are frequently excluded from randomized controlled trials due to their age or somatic comorbidity, more treatment data from a variety of sources have become available in recent years. It is expected that at least some of this emerging information on OABD would be incorporated into treatment guidelines available to clinicians around the world...
July 21, 2016: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Petra C Guess Gierthmuehlen, Enrico Steger
Dental erosion is a global oral health problem that can lead to significant functional and esthetic impairments of the affected patients. Treatment of severe cases with augmented loss of the vertical dimension of occlusion (VDO) represents a challenge for both the dental team and the patient. CAD/CAM technology was used in the presented case to analyze the interocclusal space. Based on a virtual wax-up of the final restorations, CAD/CAM-fabricated preparation splints served as a guide and ensured a most minimally invasive preparation design...
May 2016: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry
Ru-Yu Huang, Kun-Pin Hsieh, Wan-Wen Huang, Yi-Hsin Yang
BACKGROUND: Lithium inhibits glycogen synthase kinase-3, which is an enzyme involved in the pathogenesis of cancer. AIMS: To investigate the association between lithium and cancer risk in patients with bipolar disorder. METHOD: A retrospective cohort study was designed using the National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD) in Taiwan. Patients using lithium comprised the index drug group and patients using anticonvulsants only comprised the control group...
July 7, 2016: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
Kersti K Linask, Mingda Han
BACKGROUND: Embryonic acute exposure to ethanol (EtOH), lithium, and homocysteine (HCy) induces cardiac defects at the time of exposure; folic acid (FA) supplementation protects normal cardiogenesis (Han et al., , ; Serrano et al., ). Our hypothesis is that EtOH exposure and FA protection relate to lipid and FA metabolism during mouse cardiogenesis and placentation. METHODS: On the morning of conception, pregnant C57BL/6J mice were placed on either of two FA-containing diets: a 3...
September 2016: Birth Defects Research. Part A, Clinical and Molecular Teratology
Gil Zalsman, Keith Hawton, Danuta Wasserman, Kees van Heeringen, Ella Arensman, Marco Sarchiapone, Vladimir Carli, Cyril Höschl, Ran Barzilay, Judit Balazs, György Purebl, Jean Pierre Kahn, Pilar Alejandra Sáiz, Cendrine Bursztein Lipsicas, Julio Bobes, Doina Cozman, Ulrich Hegerl, Joseph Zohar
BACKGROUND: Many countries are developing suicide prevention strategies for which up-to-date, high-quality evidence is required. We present updated evidence for the effectiveness of suicide prevention interventions since 2005. METHODS: We searched PubMed and the Cochrane Library using multiple terms related to suicide prevention for studies published between Jan 1, 2005, and Dec 31, 2014. We assessed seven interventions: public and physician education, media strategies, screening, restricting access to suicide means, treatments, and internet or hotline support...
July 2016: Lancet Psychiatry
Mahsan Banijamali, Azra Rabbani-Chadegani, Maryam Shahhoseini
Lead is a poisonous heavy metal that occurs in all parts of environment and causes serious health problems in humans. The aim of the present study was to investigate the possible protective effect of lithium against lead nitrate induced toxicity in non-adherent bone marrow stem cells. Trypan blue and MTT assays represented that exposure of the cells to different concentrations of lead nitrate decreased viability in a dose dependent manner, whereas, pretreatment of the cells with lithium protected the cells against lead toxicity...
July 2016: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
Jihui Wang, Yuan Liang, Luyang Jian, Jingwei Zhang, Shuai Liang, Shan Xiao, Bingnan Liu, Han Wang
Obesity has become a major health problem which is related with high-trans fatty acids diet. Adipogenic differentiation of adipose tissue-derived stromal cells (ADSCs) plays an important role in the development of adipose tissue. In order to determine the effect of trans fatty acids on adipogenic differentiation in ADSCs, cells were treated with linoelaidic acid, as well as linoleic acid and linolenic acid. We found that linoelaidic acid significantly increased the lipid droplet formation and triglyceride content compared with linoleic acid and linolenic acid...
July 2016: Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes, and Essential Fatty Acids
Zoltán Rihmer, Xénia Gonda, Annamária Rihmer, Péter Döme
According to the results of epidemiological studies mood disorders with unipolar (major and minor depressive disorder; dysthymia) or bipolar features are among the most prevalent psychiatric disorders. These disorders with their frequent comorbidities (alcohol and/or drug use disorders, smoking, suicide, cardiovascular disorders) pose great public health challenge and cause substantial individual and familar burdens as well. Since SSRIs and other new antidepressant agents entered the market the possibilities to treat depression improved substantially but 25-35 percent of major depressives do not respond even to the second antidepressant trial but the rate of patients who are resistant after the third and fourth adequate antidepressant trial are around only 15-25 and 10 percent, respectively...
2016: Psychiatria Hungarica: A Magyar Pszichiátriai Társaság Tudományos Folyóirata
Krithika Rajagopalan, Elizabeth Dansie Bacci, Daisy Ng-Mak, Kathy Wyrwich, Andrei Pikalov, Antony Loebel
BACKGROUND: Depressive symptoms associated with bipolar disorder negatively impact health-related quality of life (HRQoL). The efficacy of lurasidone in reducing depressive symptoms has been previously demonstrated. The objective of this study was to examine the direct and indirect effect (mediated through improvement in depression symptoms) of lurasidone in improving patient HRQoL. METHODS: A secondary analysis of data was conducted of two 6-week, double-blind, placebo-controlled trials assessing the effect of lurasidone (lurasidone monotherapy [20-60 mg/day or 80-120 mg/day]; lurasidone adjunctive to lithium or valproate [20-120 mg/day]) in patients with bipolar depression...
2016: BMC Psychiatry
Aminy E Ostfeld, Abhinav M Gaikwad, Yasser Khan, Ana C Arias
This paper reports on the design and operation of a flexible power source integrating a lithium ion battery and amorphous silicon solar module, optimized to supply power to a wearable health monitoring device. The battery consists of printed anode and cathode layers based on graphite and lithium cobalt oxide, respectively, on thin flexible current collectors. It displays energy density of 6.98 mWh/cm(2) and demonstrates capacity retention of 90% at 3C discharge rate and ~99% under 100 charge/discharge cycles and 600 cycles of mechanical flexing...
2016: Scientific Reports
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