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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911003/current-psychotropic-medication-prescribing-patterns-in-late-life-bipolar-disorder
#1
Soham Rej, Nathan Herrmann, Kenneth Shulman, Hadas D Fischer, Kinwah Fung, Andrea Gruneir
OBJECTIVE: Many patients with bipolar disorder are reaching old age, but whether they are receiving evidence-based psychotropic treatment remains unclear. Our objective was to describe current psychotropic prescribing patterns in a large Canadian late-life bipolar sample. METHODS: Population-based cross-sectional study of 1443 bipolar disorder patients aged ≥ 66, discharged from a psychiatric hospitalization in Ontario, Canada from 1 April 2006 to 31 March 2012...
December 2, 2016: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891569/chair-side-generated-posterior-monolithic-lithium-disilicate-crowns-clinical-survival-after-6%C3%A2-years
#2
Angelika Rauch, Sven Reich, Oliver Schierz
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this prospective clinical study was to evaluate the clinical performance of chair-side generated monolithic lithium disilicate crowns after 72 months. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-one posterior full contour crowns made of lithium disilicate ceramic were inserted in 34 patients with a chair-side CAD/CAM technique. One crown per patient was randomly selected for evaluation at baseline, 6, 12, 24, 36, 48, 60 and 72 months according to the modified US Public Health Service criteria...
November 28, 2016: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871720/-guidelines-for-the-prescription-of-mood-stabilizers-for-adolescents-a-literature-review
#3
G Munch, N Godart
INTRODUCTION: Adolescence is a unique phase of the human developmental process. In adolescents, psychotropic medications may have different efficacy and tolerance profiles compared to those at other stages of the lifespan. Mood stabilizers are a complex pharmacological category including lithium, some anticonvulsants, and some second generation antipsychotics. Focusing on this class of pharmacological agents, we aim to answer the following questions: in which indications and according to which modalities should mood stabilizers be prescribed during adolescence? METHODS: Information was sought from the websites of the French Haute Autorité de santé (HAS) and Agence nationale de sécurité du médicament et des produits de santé (ANSM), the American Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the British National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE)...
November 18, 2016: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845946/global-trends-in-suicide-epidemiology
#4
Mark Sinyor, Robyn Tse, Jane Pirkis
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Suicide is a major cause of mortality accounting for nearly 1 million deaths globally per year. Suicide occurs throughout the lifespan; therefore, large epidemiological samples are needed to identify patterns in suicide death. This review examines emerging evidence relating to risk and protective factors as well as preventive measures for suicide. RECENT FINDINGS: The global financial crisis, natural disasters, air pollution and second-hand smoke have all been associated with increased suicide rates...
January 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770328/quantifying-the-environmental-impact-of-a-li-rich-high-capacity-cathode-material-in-electric-vehicles-via-life-cycle-assessment
#5
Yuqi Wang, Yajuan Yu, Kai Huang, Bo Chen, Wensheng Deng, Ying Yao
A promising Li-rich high-capacity cathode material (xLi2MnO3·(1-x)LiMn0.5Ni0.5O2) has received much attention with regard to improving the performance of lithium-ion batteries in electric vehicles. This study presents an environmental impact evaluation of a lithium-ion battery with Li-rich materials used in an electric vehicle throughout the life cycle of the battery. A comparison between this cathode material and a Li-ion cathode material containing cobalt was compiled in this study. The battery use stage was found to play a large role in the total environmental impact and high greenhouse gas emissions...
October 22, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757573/correlation-of-lithium-levels-between-drinking-water-obtained-from-different-sources-and-scalp-hair-samples-of-adult-male-subjects
#6
Shahnawaz Baloch, Tasneem Gul Kazi, Hassan Imran Afridi, Jameel Ahmed Baig, Farah Naz Talpur, Muhammad Balal Arain
There is some evidence that natural levels of lithium (Li) in drinking water may have a protective effect on neurological health. In present study, we evaluate the Li levels in drinking water of different origin and bottled mineral water. To evaluate the association between lithium levels in drinking water with human health, the scalp hair samples of male subjects (25-45 years) consumed drinking water obtained from ground water (GW), municipal treated water (MTW) and bottled mineral water (BMW) from rural and urban areas of Sindh, Pakistan were selected...
October 18, 2016: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753141/the-correlates-of-anxiety-among-older-adults-in-nursing-homes-and-other-residential-aged-care-facilities-a-systematic-review
#7
Alexandra S Creighton, Tanya E Davison, David W Kissane
OBJECTIVE: To synthesize and summarize the studies examining the correlates and predictors of anxiety in older adults living in residential aged care. METHODS: Using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines, five electronic databases were searched using key terms and subject headings, as well as reference lists of relevant papers. The search was limited to peer-reviewed literature published in English. Eligible studies examined the association between at least one correlate/factor and anxiety disorders or symptoms in aged care residents aged 50+ years...
October 17, 2016: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27723188/the-conometric-concept-definitive-fixed-lithium-disilicate-restorations-supported-by-conical-abutments
#8
Marco Degidi, Diego Nardi, Gianluca Sighinolfi, Adriano Piattelli
PURPOSE: The use of the conical coupling connection to support definitive restorations was evaluated in cases involving full acrylic resin or hybrid acrylic resin-composite prostheses. The aim of this study was to evaluate the performance of definitive fixed partial prostheses made with lithium disilicate and supported by coupling connection abutments and healed implants. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The prostheses were placed in the posterior regions of partially edentulous patients; 65 patients received fixed lithium disilicate restorations splinted with conical coupling connections to two implants...
October 10, 2016: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27695201/internal-short-circuit-and-accelerated-rate-calorimetry-tests-of-lithium-ion-cells-considerations-for-methane-air-intrinsic-safety-and-explosion-proof-flameproof-protection-methods
#9
Thomas H Dubaniewicz, Joseph P DuCarme
Researchers with the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) studied the potential for lithium-ion cell thermal runaway from an internal short circuit in equipment for use in underground coal mines. In this third phase of the study, researchers compared plastic wedge crush-induced internal short circuit tests of selected lithium-ion cells within methane (CH4)-air mixtures with accelerated rate calorimetry tests of similar cells. Plastic wedge crush test results with metal oxide lithium-ion cells extracted from intrinsically safe evaluated equipment were mixed, with one cell model igniting the chamber atmosphere while another cell model did not...
September 2016: Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27572669/the-changing-epidemiology-of-ebstein-s-anomaly-and-its-relationship-with-maternal-mental-health-conditions-a-european-registry-based-study
#10
Breidge Boyle, Ester Garne, Maria Loane, Marie-Claude Addor, Larraitz Arriola, Clara Cavero-Carbonell, Miriam Gatt, Nathalie Lelong, Catherine Lynch, Vera Nelen, Amanda J Neville, Mary O'Mahony, Anna Pierini, Anke Rissmann, David Tucker, Natalia Zymak-Zakutnia, Helen Dolk
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to describe the epidemiology of Ebstein's anomaly in Europe and its association with maternal health and medication exposure during pregnancy. DESIGN: We carried out a descriptive epidemiological analysis of population-based data. SETTING: We included data from 15 European Surveillance of Congenital Anomalies Congenital Anomaly Registries in 12 European countries, with a population of 5.6 million births during 1982-2011...
August 30, 2016: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27568278/mood-stabilizers-and-antipsychotics-during-breastfeeding-focus-on-bipolar-disorder
#11
REVIEW
Isabella Pacchiarotti, Jordi León-Caballero, Andrea Murru, Norma Verdolini, Maria Antonietta Furio, Corinna Pancheri, Marc Valentí, Ludovic Samalin, Eva Solé Roigé, Ana González-Pinto, Jose Manuel Montes, Antonio Benabarre, Jose Manuel Crespo, Consuelo de Dios Perrino, Jose Manuel Goikolea, Luis Gutiérrez-Rojas, André F Carvalho, Eduard Vieta
Breast milk is considered the best source of nutrients and provides much better protection than immune modified milk. However, the postpartum period is a phase of increased risk for all women to experience psychiatric symptoms and recurrences or new episodes of bipolar disorder (BD), especially in those who have discontinued treatment. This is a systematic review of the risks and benefits of mood stabilizers and antipsychotics during breastfeeding as they relate to the health and well-being of mothers and their infants...
October 2016: European Neuropsychopharmacology: the Journal of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27499662/screening-of-cholesterol-lowering-bifidobacterium-from-guizhou-xiang-pigs-and-evaluation-of-its-tolerance-to-oxygen-acid-and-bile
#12
Rujiao Zhang, Laping He, Ling Zhang, Cuiqin Li, Qiujin Zhu
Cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases seriously harm human health, and Bifidobacterium is the most beneficial probiotic in the gastrointestinal tract of humans. This work aimed to screen cholesterol-lowering Bifidobacterium from Guizhou Xiang Pig and evaluate its tolerance to oxygen, acid, and bile. Twenty-seven aerotolerant strains with similar colony to Bifidobacterium were isolated through incubation at 37℃ in 20% (v/v) CO2-80% (v/v) atmospheric air by using Mupirocin lithium modified MRS agar medium, modified PTYG with added CaCO3, and modified PTYG supplemented with X-gal...
2016: Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27474989/temporal-variability-in-domestic-point-source-discharges-and-their-associated-impact-on-receiving-waters
#13
Samia Richards, Paul J A Withers, Eric Paterson, Colin W McRoberts, Marc Stutter
Discharges from the widely distributed small point sources of pollutants such as septic tanks contribute to microbial and nutrient loading of streams and can pose risks to human health and stream ecology, especially during periods of ecological sensitivity. Here we present the first comprehensive data on the compositional variability of septic tank effluents (STE) as a potential source of water pollution during different seasons and the associated links to their influence on stream waters. To determine STE parameters and nutrient variations, the biological and physicochemical properties of effluents sampled quarterly from 12 septic tank systems were investigated with concurrent analyses of upstream and downstream receiving waters...
November 15, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27460887/psoriasis-risk-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-in-german-primary-care-practices
#14
Louis Jacob, Karel Kostev
AIM: To analyze psoriasis risk in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients treated in German primary care practices. METHODS: The study included 87,964 T2DM patients aged 40 years or over who received their initial diabetes diagnosis between 2004 and 2013. Patients were excluded if they had been diagnosed with psoriasis prior to diabetes diagnosis or if the observation period prior to the index date was less than 365 days. After applying these exclusion criteria, 72,148 T2DM patients were included...
July 23, 2016: Primary Care Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27447657/spatial-distribution-sources-apportionment-and-health-risk-of-metals-in-topsoil-in-beijing-china
#15
Chunyuan Sun, Wenji Zhao, Qianzhong Zhang, Xue Yu, Xiaoxia Zheng, Jiayin Zhao, Ming Lv
In order to acquire the pollution feature and regularities of distribution of metals in the topsoil within the sixth ring road in Beijing, a total of 46 soil samples were collected, and the concentrations of twelve elements (Nickel, Ni, Lithium, Li, Vanadium, V, Cobalt, Co, Barium, Ba, Strontium, Sr, Chrome, Cr, Molybdenum, Mo, Copper, Cu, Cadmium, Cd, Zinc, Zn, Lead, Pb) were analyzed. Geostatistics and multivariate statistics were conducted to identify spatial distribution characteristics and sources. In addition, the health risk of the analyzed heavy metals to humans (adult) was evaluated by an U...
2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27442023/do-current-national-and-international-guidelines-have-specific-recommendations-for-older-adults-with-bipolar-disorder-a-brief-report
#16
Annemiek Dols, Lars Vedel Kessing, Sergio A Strejilevich, Soham Rej, Shang-Ying Tsai, Ariel G Gildengers, Osvaldo P Almeida, Kenneth I Shulman, Martha Sajatovic
OBJECTIVE: Older adults with bipolar disorder (OABD) are a growing segment of patients with bipolar disorder (BD) for which specific guidelines are warranted. Although, OABD are frequently excluded from randomized controlled trials due to their age or somatic comorbidity, more treatment data from a variety of sources have become available in recent years. It is expected that at least some of this emerging information on OABD would be incorporated into treatment guidelines available to clinicians around the world...
July 21, 2016: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27419357/cad-cam-solutions-for-minimally-invasive-all-ceramic-rehabilitation-of-extended-erosive-lesions
#17
Petra C Guess Gierthmuehlen, Enrico Steger
Dental erosion is a global oral health problem that can lead to significant functional and esthetic impairments of the affected patients. Treatment of severe cases with augmented loss of the vertical dimension of occlusion (VDO) represents a challenge for both the dental team and the patient. CAD/CAM technology was used in the presented case to analyze the interocclusal space. Based on a virtual wax-up of the final restorations, CAD/CAM-fabricated preparation splints served as a guide and ensured a most minimally invasive preparation design...
May 2016: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27388574/use-of-lithium-and-cancer-risk-in-patients-with-bipolar-disorder-population-based-cohort-study
#18
Ru-Yu Huang, Kun-Pin Hsieh, Wan-Wen Huang, Yi-Hsin Yang
BACKGROUND: Lithium inhibits glycogen synthase kinase-3, which is an enzyme involved in the pathogenesis of cancer. AIMS: To investigate the association between lithium and cancer risk in patients with bipolar disorder. METHOD: A retrospective cohort study was designed using the National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD) in Taiwan. Patients using lithium comprised the index drug group and patients using anticonvulsants only comprised the control group...
July 7, 2016: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27296863/acute-alcohol-exposure-during-mouse-gastrulation-alters-lipid-metabolism-in-placental-and-heart-development-folate-prevention
#19
Kersti K Linask, Mingda Han
BACKGROUND: Embryonic acute exposure to ethanol (EtOH), lithium, and homocysteine (HCy) induces cardiac defects at the time of exposure; folic acid (FA) supplementation protects normal cardiogenesis (Han et al., , ; Serrano et al., ). Our hypothesis is that EtOH exposure and FA protection relate to lipid and FA metabolism during mouse cardiogenesis and placentation. METHODS: On the morning of conception, pregnant C57BL/6J mice were placed on either of two FA-containing diets: a 3...
September 2016: Birth Defects Research. Part A, Clinical and Molecular Teratology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27289303/suicide-prevention-strategies-revisited-10-year-systematic-review
#20
Gil Zalsman, Keith Hawton, Danuta Wasserman, Kees van Heeringen, Ella Arensman, Marco Sarchiapone, Vladimir Carli, Cyril Höschl, Ran Barzilay, Judit Balazs, György Purebl, Jean Pierre Kahn, Pilar Alejandra Sáiz, Cendrine Bursztein Lipsicas, Julio Bobes, Doina Cozman, Ulrich Hegerl, Joseph Zohar
BACKGROUND: Many countries are developing suicide prevention strategies for which up-to-date, high-quality evidence is required. We present updated evidence for the effectiveness of suicide prevention interventions since 2005. METHODS: We searched PubMed and the Cochrane Library using multiple terms related to suicide prevention for studies published between Jan 1, 2005, and Dec 31, 2014. We assessed seven interventions: public and physician education, media strategies, screening, restricting access to suicide means, treatments, and internet or hotline support...
July 2016: Lancet Psychiatry
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