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Lithium health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330449/lithium-chloride-effectively-kills-the-honey-bee-parasite-varroa-destructor-by-a-systemic-mode-of-action
#1
Bettina Ziegelmann, Elisabeth Abele, Stefan Hannus, Michaela Beitzinger, Stefan Berg, Peter Rosenkranz
Honey bees are increasingly important in the pollination of crops and wild plants. Recent reports of the weakening and periodical high losses of managed honey bee colonies have alarmed beekeeper, farmers and scientists. Infestations with the ectoparasitic mite Varroa destructor in combination with its associated viruses have been identified as a crucial driver of these health problems. Although yearly treatments are required to prevent collapses of honey bee colonies, the number of effective acaricides is small and no new active compounds have been registered in the past 25 years...
January 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311666/a-study-of-the-influence-of-measurement-timescale-on-internal-resistance-characterisation-methodologies-for-lithium-ion-cells
#2
Anup Barai, Kotub Uddin, W D Widanage, Andrew McGordon, Paul Jennings
The power capability of a lithium ion battery is governed by its resistance, which changes with battery state such as temperature, state of charge, and state of health. Characterizing resistance, therefore, is integral in defining battery operational boundaries, estimating its performance and tracking its state of health. There are many techniques that have been employed for estimating the resistance of a battery, these include: using DC pulse current signals such as pulse power tests or Hybrid Pulse Power Characterization (HPPC) tests; using AC current signals, i...
January 8, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275170/complete-rehabilitation-of-compromised-full-dentitions-with-adhesively-bonded-all-ceramic-single-tooth-restorations-long-term-outcome-in-patients-with-and-without-amelogenesis-imperfecta
#3
Andrea Klink, Martin Groten, Fabian Huettig
OBJECTIVES: This clinical follow-up evaluated the long-term outcome of full-mouth rehabilitations with adhesively bonded all-ceramic restorations in patients suffering from amelogenesis imperfecta (AI) or affected by extensive tooth wear including a loss of the vertical dimension of occlusion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Included for evaluation were all patients treated with adhesively bonded monolithic single-tooth restorations made of silicate or lithium disilicate ceramics; allowing a maximum four missing teeth and a facial feldspathic veneering of LDS anterior crowns...
December 21, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261853/metal-free-materials-for-fixed-prosthodontic-restorations
#4
REVIEW
Carlo E Poggio, Carlo Ercoli, Lorena Rispoli, Carlo Maiorana, Marco Esposito
BACKGROUND: Fixed prosthodontic treatment (crowns, fixed dental prostheses (FDPs), complete arch prostheses) involves the use of several different materials to replace missing tooth structure. Traditionally full metal or metal frameworks veneered with ceramic (metal-ceramic (MC)) have been used. In recent years several different metal-free systems have become available to clinicians and patients. In general, metal-free restorations should allow practitioners to better reproduce natural tooth colour, avoiding shortcomings of MC restorations...
December 20, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245092/predictors-of-hospitalization-length-of-stay-among-re-admitted-treatment-resistant-bipolar-disorder-inpatients
#5
M Fornaro, F Iasevoli, S Novello, A Fusco, A Anastasia, D De Berardis, A Valchera, A de Bartolomeis
BACKGROUND: Hospitalization accounts for significant health care resource utilization for treatment-resistant Bipolar Disorder (BD), especially among frequent users of acute inpatient psychiatric units. Appraisal of the clinical features and predictive role of selected variables is therefore crucial in such population, representing the aim of the present research. METHODS: A hundred and nineteen BD inpatients with an established history of pharmacological treatment resistance for either mania or bipolar depression were classified as long hospitalization cases (LOS+) and their controls and compared against each other for a number of demographic, clinical, and psychopathological features...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234900/trace-lithium-and-mental-health
#6
REVIEW
Nobuyoshi Ishii, Takeshi Terao
Lithium therapy is generally accepted as a first-line treatment for bipolar disorder, and it is also identified as one of the best augmenting options for treatment-resistant depression. Furthermore, lithium has been investigated in association with suicide, dementia and aggressiveness. In this review, we examined articles about the effects of very small amounts of lithium in treating suicide, dementia, bipolar disorder and temperament, to assess the present state of trace lithium's effect on mental state. The results indicate that trace lithium may be effective for suicide prevention but randomized, placebo-controlled trials are required to draw a definite conclusion...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Neural Transmission
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212563/clinically-relevant-and-simple-immune-system-measure-is-related-to-symptom-burden-in-bipolar-disorder
#7
Ole Köhler-Forsberg, Louisa Sylvia, Thilo Deckersbach, Michael Joshua Ostacher, Melvin McInnis, Dan Iosifescu, Charles Bowden, Susan McElroy, Joseph Calabrese, Michael Thase, Richard Charles Shelton, Mauricio Tohen, James Kocsis, Edward Friedman, Terence Ketter, Andrew Alan Nierenberg
OBJECTIVE: Immunological theories, particularly the sickness syndrome theory, may explain psychopathology in mood disorders. However, no clinical trials have investigated the association between overall immune system markers with a wide range of specific symptoms including potential gender differences. METHODS: We included two similar clinical trials, the lithium treatment moderate-dose use study and clinical and health outcomes initiatives in comparative effectiveness for bipolar disorder study, enrolling 765 participants with bipolar disorder...
December 7, 2017: Acta Neuropsychiatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195125/effects-of-continuation-electroconvulsive-therapy-on-quality-of-life-in-elderly-depressed-patients-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#8
W Vaughn McCall, Sarah H Lisanby, Peter B Rosenquist, Mary Dooley, Mustafa M Husain, Rebecca G Knapp, Georgios Petrides, Matthew V Rudorfer, Robert C Young, Shawn M McClintock, Martina Mueller, Joan Prudic, Robert M Greenberg, Richard D Weiner, Samuel H Bailine, Nagy A Youssef, Laryssa McCloud, Charles H Kellner
We examined whether electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) plus medications ("STABLE + PHARM" group) had superior HRQOL compared with medications alone ("PHARM" group) as continuation strategy after successful acute right unilateral ECT for major depressive disorder (MDD). We hypothesized that scores from the Medical Outcomes Study Short Form-36 (SF-36) would be higher during continuation treatment in the "STABLE + PHARM" group versus the "PHARM" group. The overall study design was called "Prolonging Remission in Depressed Elderly" (PRIDE)...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150869/maternal-mood-disorders-and-lithium-exposure-in-utero-were-not-associated-with-poor-cognitive-development-during-childhood
#9
L Forsberg, M Adler, I Römer Ek, M Ljungdahl, L Navér, L L Gustafsson, G Berglund, A Chotigasatien, U Hammar, B Böhm, K Wide
AIM: This study evaluated whether maternal mood disorders, particularly bipolar disorder, and lithium treatment during pregnancy influenced the neonatal health and cognition of children born from 2006- 2010. METHODS: Our study at Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden, focused on women with and without mood disorders and their children. Information on pharmacotherapy, mental health, delivery and neonatal complications was retrospectively collected from electronic patient records...
November 18, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110453/development-of-embedded-fiber-optic-evanescent-wave-sensors-for-optical-characterization-of-graphite-anodes-in-lithium-ion-batteries
#10
AbdulRahman Ghannoum, Patricia Nieva, Aiping Yu, Amir Khajepour
The development, fabrication, and embedment of fiber-optic evanescent wave sensors (FOEWSs) to monitor the state of charge (SOC) and the state of health (SOH) of lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) are presented. Etching of FOEWSs is performed using a solution of 40 wt % ammonium fluoride (NH4F) and 49 wt % hydrofluoric acid (HF) (6:1), which is found to be superior to an etching solution containing just 49 wt % HF. FOEWSs were characterized using glycerol and found to have the highest sensitivity in a lithium-ion battery when they lose 92% of their transmittance in the presence of glycerol on their sensing region...
November 14, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103104/clinical-survival-of-chair-side-generated-monolithic-lithium-disilicate-crowns-10-year-results
#11
Angelika Rauch, Sven Reich, Luise Dalchau, Oliver Schierz
OBJECTIVES: Nowadays, all-ceramic materials are routinely used within the treatment of patients in dentistry. The objective of this prospective clinical trial was the evaluation of chair-side generated monolithic lithium disilicate crowns after 10 years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-one posterior full contour crowns made of lithium disilicate ceramics were inserted with a self-adhesive resin cement in 34 patients (20 university/14 private practice) using a chair-side CAD/CAM technique...
November 4, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083536/bipolar-disorder-in-pregnancy-a-review-of-pregnancy-outcomes
#12
REVIEW
Debra A Scrandis
INTRODUCTION: Women with bipolar disorder may benefit from continuation of their medications during pregnancy, but there may be risks to the fetus associated with some of these medications. This article examines the evidence relating to the effect of bipolar disorder and pharmacologic treatments for bipolar disorder on pregnancy outcomes. METHODS: MEDLINE, CINAHL, ProQuest Dissertation & Theses, and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews were searched for English-language studies published between 2000 and 2017, excluding case reports and integrative reviews...
October 30, 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061380/influence-of-cervical-margin-relocation-cmr-on-periodontal-health-12-month-results-of-a-controlled-trial
#13
Marco Ferrari, Serhat Koken, Simone Grandini, Edoardo Ferrari Cagidiaco, Tim Joda, Nicola Discepoli
OBJECTIVES: The concept of Cervical Margin Relocation (CMR) consists on placing a base layer of direct resin composite to elevate supra-gingivally the proximal indirect bonded restorations. The aims of this clinical study were to evaluate 1. Bleeding on Probing (BoP) on posterior indirect restorations with one interproximal margin relocated cervically, and 2. possible correlation between depth of the interproximal margins and BoP. METHODS: CMR (Group 1) and shoulder preparations (Group 2) were performed in 35 posterior teeth and evaluated after 12 months (T12)...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055937/reaching-consensus-on-communication-of-critical-laboratory-results-using-a-collective-intelligence-method
#14
Maria Isabel Llovet, Carmen Biosca, Alicia Martínez-Iribarren, Aurora Blanco, Glòria Busquets, María José Castro, Maria Antonia Llopis, Mercè Montesinos, Joana Minchinela, Carme Perich, Judith Prieto, Rosa Ruiz, Núria Serrat, Margarita Simón, Alex Trejo, Josep Maria Monguet, Carlos López-Pablo, Mercè Ibarz
BACKGROUND: There is no consensus in the literature about what analytes or values should be informed as critical results and how they should be communicated. The main aim of this project is to establish consensual standards of critical results for the laboratories participating in the study. Among the project's secondary objectives, establishing consensual procedures for communication can be highlighted. METHODS: Consensus was reached among all participating laboratories establishing the basis for the construction of the initial model put forward for consensus in conjunction with the clinicians...
October 23, 2017: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053979/associations-between-use-of-mood-stabilizers-and-risk-of-cataract-a-population-based-nested-case-control-study
#15
Che-Sheng Chu, Ching-Heng Lin, Tsuo-Hung Lan, Po-Han Chou
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate whether use of mood stabilizers (MS) is associated with an increased risk of cataract development. METHODS: We conducted a nested case-control study using National Health Insurance Research Database in Taiwan. A total of 14,288 patients with bipolar disorder (BD) and schizophrenia were included; 7651 in the cataract group and 6637 in the control group. Based on overall cumulative period of MS (lithium, carbamazepine, valproate, and lamotrigine) treatment, we categorized into following groups: no use, and duration < 1 year, 1 to 2 years, and > 2 years...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994612/metal-concentrations-in-samples-of-frozen-cephalopods-cuttlefish-octopus-squid-and-shortfin-squid-an-evaluation-of-dietary-intake
#16
D Sangiuliano, C Rubio, A J Gutiérrez, D González-Weller, C Revert, A Hardisson, E Zanardi, S Paz
Cephalopods are an important source of nutrients and some of the most widely consumed marine foods. However, because of contamination of the oceans and the bioaccumulative nature of toxic metals, these foods may pose a health risk. For this reason, the concentrations of some trace elements (chromium [Cr], lithium, strontium [Sr], copper [Cu], and nickel) and toxic metals (aluminum [Al], cadmium, and lead) were determined in 65 frozen samples of cuttlefish, octopus, common squid, and shortfin squid by inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry to evaluate dietary intake and toxic risk...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982303/possible-garcinia-cambogia-induced-mania-with-psychosis-a-case-report
#17
David C Nguyen, Tysen K Timmer, Blair C Davison, Ian R McGrane
Garcinia cambogia is a Southeast Asian fruit becoming increasingly popular as a weight management supplement. Hydroxycitric acid (HCA) is the primary active ingredient which demonstrates serotonergic- and muscarinic-enhancing properties via inhibition of selective serotonin reuptake and acetylcholinesterase. We report a young adult female with no history of bipolar disorder who developed mania and psychosis approximately 1 week following initiation of G cambogia and the Cleanse and Detox™ dietary supplement manufactured by Apex Vitality Health...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981868/new-research-strategy-for-measuring-pre-and-postnatal-metal-dysregulation-in-psychotic-disorders
#18
Eva Velthorst, Lauren Smith, Ghalib Bello, Christine Austin, Chris Gennings, Amirhoessein Modabbernia, Nathalie Franke, Sophia Frangou, Robert Wright, Lieuwe de Haan, Abraham Reichenberg, Manish Arora
While previous studies have found evidence for detrimental effects of metals on neurodevelopment, the long-term effects on mental health remain unclear. The objective was to explore the effect of early metal exposure on risk of psychotic disorder and on symptom severity following illness onset. Through the use of validated tooth-biomarkers, we estimated pre- and postnatal exposure levels of essential elements (copper, magnesium, manganese, and zinc) and elements associated with neurotoxicity (lead, arsenic, lithium, and tin)...
October 21, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973831/bounding-analysis-of-drinking-water-health-risks-from-a-spill-of-hydraulic-fracturing-flowback-water
#19
William R Rish, Edward J Pfau
A bounding risk assessment is presented that evaluates possible human health risk from a hypothetical scenario involving a 10,000-gallon release of flowback water from horizontal fracturing of Marcellus Shale. The water is assumed to be spilled on the ground, infiltrates into groundwater that is a source of drinking water, and an adult and child located downgradient drink the groundwater. Key uncertainties in estimating risk are given explicit quantitative treatment using Monte Carlo analysis. Chemicals that contribute significantly to estimated health risks are identified, as are key uncertainties and variables to which risk estimates are sensitive...
October 3, 2017: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965115/clinical-outcomes-and-predictors-for-satisfaction-in-patients-with-improved-lithium-disilicate-all-ceramic-crowns
#20
Mazin Samer, Fawaz AlQahtani, Sami AlDubai, Hadijah Abdullah, Tara Taiyeb-Ali, Fahim Vohra, Roslan Saub
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the clinical outcomes and predictors of satisfaction in patients with lithium disilicate (LD) ceramic crowns. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Clinical outcomes were assessed in 47 patients with 88 LD crowns using modified United States Public Health Service evaluation (USPHS) criteria and survival rates. The questionnaire for predictors included three aspects; a) socio-demographic characteristics; b) oral health habits (tooth brushing frequency, flossing frequency, and dental visits) and c) satisfaction of the restorations (aesthetics, function, fit, cleans ability and chewing ability of the crowns and overall satisfaction)...
October 1, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
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