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Min Cao, Jing Huang, Jingxin Li, Zixu Qiao, Gejiao Wang
A yellow-coloured, Gram-stain-negative, non-motile, rod-shaped, strictly aerobic bacterium, designated 1-116T, was isolated from Erdos grassland soil of Inner Mongolia, PR China. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA genes showed that strain 1-116T was a member of family Chitinophagaceae and exhibited the highest similarities to Taibaiella koreensis THG-DT86T (90.1 %) and Flavihumibacter solisivae 3-3T (90.0 %), while the similarities to the other Chitinophagaceae type strains were lower than 90.0 %...
September 18, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
In-Tae Cha, Eui-Sang Cho, Yesol Yoo, Yoon Ji Seok, Inhye Park, Hee Seon Lim, Jung-Min Park, Seong Woon Roh, Young-Do Nam, Hak-Jong Choi, Yoo Kyung Lee, Myung-Ji Seo
A Gram-positive, endospore-forming, strictly aerobic and rod-shaped bacterium, designated strain MME2_R6T, was isolated from Arctic soil, and it was identified by using a polyphasic taxonomic approach. This strain was psychrotolerant, growing at 4‒24 °C. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis showed that strain MME2_R6T was closest to Paenibacillus swuensis DY6T, with 93.9 % similarity. However, in phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence, strain MME2_R6T showed that it clustered with Paenibacillus contaminans CKOBP-6T and the sequencing similarity between the two species was 93...
September 18, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Muhammad Jehangir, Mahmood Ahmed, Muhammad Imtiaz Shafiq, Abdul Samad, Iftikhar-Ul-Haq
A newly developed method based on ultrahigh performance liquid chromatography (UHPLC) was optimized for the simultaneous determination of vitamin D3 and menaquinone-7 (MK-7) in tablet formulation in the present study. UHPLC separation of vitamin D3 and MK-7 was performed with ACE Excel 2 C18-PFP column (2 μm, 2.1 × 100 mm) at 0.6 mL min(-1) flow rate, whereas the mobile phase consisted of methanol/water (19 : 1, v/v, phase A) and isopropyl alcohol (99.9%, phase B) containing 0.5% triethylamine. Isocratic separation of both the analytes was performed at 40°C by pumping the mobile phases A and B in the ratio of 50 : 50 (v/v, pH, 6...
2017: Journal of Analytical Methods in Chemistry
Andrea K Borsodi, Tibor Szili-Kovács, Peter Schumann, Cathrin Spröer, Károly Márialigeti, Erika Tóth
An alkaliphilic and moderately halophilic bacterial strain characterized by optimal growth at pH 9.0-10.0 and with 5-7 % (w/v) NaCl, designated BV-35T, was isolated from water of a soda pan located in Kiskunság National Park, Hungary. Cells of the orange-pigmented colony were Gram-stain-positive, non-motile and non-endospore-forming coccoid rods. The isolate was strictly aerobic, catalase-positive and oxidase-negative. Strain BV-35T displayed a peptidoglycan similar to type A4α, l-Lys-l-Glu (A11.54 according to www...
September 14, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Kikue Hirota, Masatoshi Nishita, Hidetoshi Matsuyama, Isao Yumoto
Obligately alkaliphilic, indigo-reducing strains, designated Bps-1T, Bps-2 and Bps-3, were isolated from an indigo fermentation liquor used for dyeing, which was produced from sukumo (composted Polygonum indigo leaves) obtained from a craft centre in Data City, Hokkaido, Japan, by using medium containing cellulase-treated sukumo. The 16S rRNA gene sequence phylogeny suggested that Bps-1T has a distinctive position among the alkaliphilic species of the genus Bacillus, with its closest neighbours being Bacillus pseudofirmus DSM 8715T, Bacillus lindianensis DSM 26864T and Bacillus alcalophilus DSM 485T (96...
September 14, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Satoshi Tamazawa, Daisuke Mayumi, Hanako Mochimaru, Susumu Sakata, Haruo Maeda, Tatsuki Wakayama, Masayuki Ikarashi, Yoichi Kamagata, Hideyuki Tamaki
A novel thermophilic, anaerobic, chemoheterotrophic, acetate-oxidizing and iron(III)-, manganese(IV)-, nitrate- and sulfate-reducing bacterium, designated strain ANAT, was isolated from a deep subsurface oil field in Japan (Yabase oil field, Akita Pref.). Cells of strain ANAT were Gram-stain-negative, non-motile, non-spore forming and slightly curved or twisted rods (1.5-5.0 µm long and 0.6-0.7 µm wide). The isolate grew at 25-60 °C (optimum 55 °C) and pH 6.0-8.0 (optimum pH 7.0). The isolate was capable of reducing iron(III), manganese(IV), nitrate and sulfate as an electron acceptor...
September 12, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Xin Mu, Zhen-Xing Xu, Da-Shuai Mu, Guan-Jun Chen, Zong-Jun Du
A novel Gram-stain-negative, facultatively anaerobic, filamentous and rose-brown pigmented bacterium, designated strain HF401T, was isolated from marine sediment off the coast of Weihai, China. The isolate grew at temperatures between 4 and 45 °C (optimal growth at 33 °C), at pH 6.5-8.5 (optimal growth at pH 7.5) and with 0.5-6.0 % (w/v) NaCl (optimal growth at 3.0 %). The predominant menaquinone was menaquinone 7 (MK-7). The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 50.8 mol% (from high-performance liquid chromatography)...
September 8, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Yeon-Hee Lee, Jae-Jin Lee, Seung-Yeo Lee, Dae Sung Lee, Myung Kyum Kim, Leonid N Ten, Hee-Young Jung
Strain 15J11-11T was isolated from soil collected at the seashore and was Gram-staining-negative, short-rod-shaped, gliding and pale-pink pigmented. Flexirubin-type pigments were absent. The isolate grew at a temperature range of 15 to 30 °C and a pH range of 7 to 8. Comparative 16S rRNA gene sequence studies showed that strain 15J11-11T belonged to the genus Larkinella within the phylum Bacteroidetes and was most closely related to Larkinella arboricola Z0532T (95.6 %), Larkinella bovis M2TB15T (95.4 %), and Larkinella insperata LMG 22510T (95...
September 7, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Yuko Narita, Lei Zhang, Zen-Ichiro Kimura, Muhammad Ali, Takao Fujii, Satoshi Okabe
We successfully enriched a novel anaerobic ammonium-oxidizing (anammox) bacterium affiliated with the genus 'Candidatus Brocadia' with high purity (>90%) in a membrane bioreactor (MBR). The enriched bacterium was distantly related to the hitherto characterized 'Ca. Brocadia fulgida' and 'Ca. Brocadia sinica' with 96% and 93% of 16S ribosomal RNA gene sequence identity, respectively. The bacterium exhibited the common structural features of anammox bacteria and produced hydrazine in the presence of hydroxylamine under anoxic conditions...
August 18, 2017: Systematic and Applied Microbiology
Soo-Jin Kim, Hayoung Cho, Jae-Hyung Ahn, Hang-Yeon Weon, Jae-Ho Joa, Seung-Beom Hong, Soon-Ja Seok, Jeong-Seon Kim, Soon-Wo Kwon
A yellow, aerobic, Gram-stain-negative, non-motile, rod-shaped and non-flagellated bacterial strain, designated T16R-129T, was isolated from the rhizosphere of a tomato plant collected at a farm located on Buyeo-gun of Chungcheongnam-do, South Korea. Strain T16R-129T grew at 15-40 °C and pH 7.0-9.0, and did not require NaCl for growth. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain T16R-129T clustered with members of the genus Terrimonas, and it shared highest similarity with Terrimonas arctica R9-86T (96...
August 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Andrea K Borsodi, Erika Tóth, Júlia M Aszalós, Ágnes Bárány, Peter Schumann, Cathrin Spröer, Attila L Kovács, Károly Márialigeti, Tibor Szili-Kovács
An alkaliphilic and moderately halophilic strain characterized by optimal growth at pH 9.0-10.0 and 7 % (w/v) NaCl, and designated B16-24T, was isolated from the rhizosphere soil of the bayonet grass Bolboschoenus maritimus at a soda pond in the Kiskunság National Park, Hungary. Cells of the strain were Gram-staining-positive, non-motile, straight rods, and formed central, ellipsoidal endospores with slightly swollen sporangia. The isolate was facultative anaerobic, catalase positive, oxidase negative, and contained a peptidoglycan of type A1γ based on meso-diaminopimelic acid...
August 31, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Jingjing Li, Junfeng Liu, Yulong Shen, Jinfeng Ni
A Gram-stain-negative, non-motile, strictly aerobic bacterium designated BW11-2T was isolated from marine sediment of the south-west Indian Ocean. Cells of BW11-2T were rod-shaped, endospore-forming, 0.3-0.5 µm wide, 1.8-2.0 µm long, catalase-positive and oxidase-negative. The isolate was capable of growing at 15-45 °C (optimum 30 °C), pH 5-9 (optimum 7) and with 0.5-10 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum 3 %). Based on 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities, BW11-2T was shown to belong to the family Bacillaceae within the phylum Firmicutes and formed a distinct lineage, showing the highest sequence similarities to closely related genera: Bacillus(93...
August 31, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Robin J Marles, Amy L Roe, Hellen A Oketch-Rabah
Vitamin K plays important biological roles in maintaining normal blood coagulation, bone mineralization, soft tissue physiology, and neurological development. Menaquinone-7 is a form of vitamin K2 that occurs naturally in some animal-derived and fermented foods. It is also available as an ingredient of dietary supplements. Menaquinone-7 has greater bioavailability than other forms of vitamin K, which has led to increasing sales and use of menaquinone-7 supplements. This special article reviews the chemistry, nomenclature, dietary sources, intake levels, and pharmacokinetics of menaquinones, along with the nonclinical toxicity data available and the data on clinical outcomes related to safety (adverse events)...
July 1, 2017: Nutrition Reviews
Shih-Yao Lin, Asif Hameed, Yi-Han Hsu, You-Cheng Liu, Wei-An Lai, Chiu-Chung Young
A polyphasic approach was used to characterize a Gram-staining negative bacterium (designated strain CC-YHH650T) isolated from agarwood chips. Strain CC-YHH650T was aerobic and rod-shaped, able to grow at 15-37 °C (optimal 30 °С), pH 6.0-8.0 (optimal 7.0) and 0-1 % (w/v) NaCl (optimal 0 %). Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA genes revealed that strain CC-YHH650T shared highest sequence similarities with Filimonas lacunae (97.5 %), F. zeae (97.4 %), F. endophytica (97.3 %) and F. aurantiibacter (93...
August 22, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Reiji Tanaka, Ilse Cleenwerck, Yukino Mizutani, Shunpei Iehata, Peter Bossier, Peter Vandamme
A Gram-negative, aerobic, polar-flagellated and rod-shaped, sometimes slightly curved bacterium, designated MA5T, was isolated from the gut of an abalone of the species Haliotis gigantea collected in Japan. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA, gyrB, hsp60 and rpoB gene sequences placed strain MA5T in the genus Arcobacter in an independent phylogenetic line. Comparison of the 16S rRNA gene sequence of this strain with those of the type strains of the established Arcobacter species revealed A. nitrofigilis (95...
August 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Jie-Chao Wei, Le-Ni Sun, Zhuo-Xin Yuan, Xue-Ting Hou, En-Dong Yang, Yuan-Yuan Cao
A Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, non-motile, rod-shaped and non-spore-forming bacterium, designated EF23T, was isolated from rhizosphere soil of watermelon. Growth of strain EF23T was observed at 10-37 °C, at pH 5.0-9.0 and in the presence of 0-0.5 % (w/v) NaCl. Strain EF23T contained menaquinone 7 (MK-7) as the major isoprenoid quinone, and summed feature 3 (C16:1ω7c and/or iso-C15 : 0 2-OH), iso-C15 : 0, C16 : 0 and iso-C17 : 0 3-OH as the major fatty acids. Phosphatidylethanolamine was identified as the major polar lipid...
August 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Joseph Okiria, Jae-Jin Lee, Su-Jin Park, Yeon-Hee Lee, Seung-Yeol Lee, Sangkyu Park, Byung-Oh Kim, Leonid N Ten, Hee-Young Jung
A Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped, non-motile and pale yellow-pigmented bacterial strain, designated as HY03T, was isolated from mountain soil. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain HY03T belonged to the family Chitinophagaceae in the phylum Bacteroidetes and was most closely related to Flaviaesturariibacter amylovorans GCR0105T at a similarity of 95.4 %. The genomic DNA G+C content of strain HY03T was 43.2 mol%. The major fatty acids of the isolate were iso-C15 : 0, iso-C15 : 1 G and iso-C17 : 0 3-OH...
August 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Prakash Chandra Bhatt, Shruti Pathak, Vikas Kumar, Bibhu Prasad Panda
The present study was performed to evaluate the efficacy of nanonutraceuticals (NN) for attenuation of neurobehavioral and neurochemical abnormalities in Alzheimer's disease. Solid-state fermentation of soybean with Bacillus subtilis was performed to produce different metabolites (nattokinase, daidzin, genistin and glycitin and menaquinone-7). Intoxication of rats with colchicine caused impairment in learning and memory which was demonstrated in neurobehavioral paradigms (Morris water maze and passive avoidance) linked with decreased activity of acetylcholinesterase (AChE)...
August 8, 2017: Inflammopharmacology
Geon-Yeong Cho, Jae-Chan Lee, Kyung-Sook Whang
Three strains of a Gram-stain-negative, moderately halophilic bacterium, designated strain KHM44T, KHM29 and HHM4, were isolated from the sediment of a grey saltern located on Sinui island at Shinan, Korea. The isolates were aerobic, non-motile rods and grew at 15-50 °C (optimum, 37 °C), at pH 6.0-9.0 (optimum, pH 8.0) and at salinities of 3-25 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 10 % NaCl). The predominant isoprenoid quinone was menaquinone-7 (MK-7), and the major fatty acids were iso-C15 : 0, C16 : 1ω7c and/or iso-C15 : 0 2-OH, iso-C17 : 1ω9c and anteiso-C15 : 0...
August 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Anthony G Mansour, Essa Hariri, Yazan Daaboul, Serge Korjian, Andrew El Alam, Athanase D Protogerou, Hala Kilany, Albert Karam, Antoine Stephan, Sola Aoun Bahous
Subclinical vitamin K deficiency is prevalent among renal transplant recipients and is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. However, the association between vitamin K supplementation and improvement of arterial stiffness has not been explored in the renal transplant population. The KING trial (vitamin K2 In reNal Graft) is a single-arm study that evaluated the association between the change in vitamin K status and indices of arterial stiffness following 8 weeks of menaquinone-7 (vitamin K2) supplementation (360 μg once daily) among renal transplant recipients (n = 60)...
July 13, 2017: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
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