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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147713/variation-of-the-bone-forming-ability-with-the-physicochemical-properties-of-calcium-phosphate-bone-substitutes
#1
Rongquan Duan, Davide Barbieri, Xiaoman Luo, Jie Weng, Chongyun Bao, Joost D de Bruijn, Huipin Yuan
Because of their bioactive properties and chemical similarity to the inorganic component of bone, calcium phosphate (CaP) materials are widely used for bone regeneration. Six commercially available CaP bone substitutes (Bio-Oss, Actifuse, Bi-Ostetic, MBCP, Vitoss and chronOs) as well as two tricalcium phosphate (TCP) ceramics with either a micron-scale (TCP-B) or submicron-scale (TCP-S) surface structure are characterized and their bone forming potential is evaluated in a canine ectopic implantation model. After 12 weeks of implantation in the paraspinal muscle of four beagles, sporadic bone (0...
November 17, 2017: Biomaterials Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144007/analysis-of-surface-roughness-fracture-toughness-and-weibull-characteristics-of-different-framework-veneer-dental-ceramic-assemblies-after-grinding-polishing-and-glazing
#2
Guillermo Pradíes, Laura Godoy-Ruiz, Mutlu Özcan, Isabel Moreno-Hay, Francisco Martínez-Rus
PURPOSE: To compare the surface roughness and biaxial flexural strength of dental ceramics obtained after chairside surface modification by mechanical polishing procedures, versus laboratory reglazing. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Discs (16 × 1.5 ± 1.6 mm) (N = 90) of various framework-veneering combinations were fabricated: D/FC: lithium disilicate/feldspathic ceramic; Z/AL: zirconium dioxide/aluminous ceramic; N/FC: noble alloy/feldspathic ceramic; N/FF: noble alloy feldspathic with fluorapatite; B/FC: base alloy/feldspathic ceramic; B/FF: base alloy/feldspathic ceramic with fluorapatite...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142647/effects-of-staining-liquids-and-finishing-methods-on-translucency-of-a-hybrid-ceramic-material-having-two-different-translucency-levels
#3
Sebnem Ulviye Buyukkaplan, Mehmet Mustafa Özarslan, Çağatay Barutcigil, Merve Arslan, Kubilay Barutcigil, Elif Ece Yoldan
PURPOSE: Beverages may affect the translucency of esthetic dental restorative materials. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of coffee and red wine on the translucency of a PICN material with two translucency levels, and finished with different methods. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 2M2 high translucent and translucent VITA Enamic hybrid ceramic blocks were investigated. Rectangular specimens with the dimensions of 12 mm × 14 mm × 2 mm were prepared...
October 2017: Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141360/-total-hip-arthroplasty-in-patients-with-psoriatic-arthritis
#4
Y Li, X S Weng, J Lin, J Jin, W W Qian
Objective: To evaluate the clinical efficacy of Total hip arthroplasty (THA) in treating the hip joint involvement of Psoriatic arthritis (PsA). Methods: From January 2005 to December 2016, a total of 15 PsA patients (20 hip joints) underwent THA in Department of Orthopaedics, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College. All the patients had obvious restriction in daily life before operation. The mean Harris score was 25.2 averagely and the mean total range of the hip joint movement was 39...
November 7, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140098/surface-roughness-of-methacrylate-and-silorane-based-composites-after-finishing-and-polishing-procedures
#5
M Jacinta Santos, Heleine Maria Chagas Rêgo, Leticia Linares, Amin S Rizkalla, Gildo C Santos
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effect of surface finishing and polishing protocols on the surface roughness (Ra) of methacrylate-based and silorane-based resin composites. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Fifty specimens (5 mm x 2 mm) of each composite material were prepared using a split mold: Filtek™ Supreme Ultra (3M ESPE), Tetric EvoCeram® (Ivoclar Vivadent), Tetric Ceram™ HB (Ivoclar Vivadent), and Filtek™ LS Low Shrink (3M ESPE). Specimens were divided into five groups (n = 10) according to the following procedures: G1 - 15-µm fine diamond bur (FDB); G2 - 15-µm FDB followed by a 20-fluted tungsten carbide bur; G3 - 15-µm FDB followed by diamond-impregnated micropolishing points (D-FINE Double Diamond Polishing System, Clinician's Choice); G4 - 15-µm FDB followed by diamond-impregnated micropolishing points (Flame Point Pre-polisher and Shine, Brassseler USA); and G5 - 15-µm FDB followed by the application of a surface sealer (PermaSeal®, Ultradent Products, Inc...
November 2017: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131566/a-new-class-of-lagp-based-solid-polymer-composite-electrolyte-for-efficient-and-safe-solid-state-lithium-batteries
#6
Qingpeng Guo, Yu Han, Hui Wang, Shizhao Xiong, Yujie Li, Shuangke Liu, Kai Xie
Inorganic solid electrolytes (SEs) possess substantial safety and electrochemical stability, which make them as key components of the safe rechargeable solid-state Li batteries with high energy density. However, complicated integrally molding process, the poor wettability between SE and active materials are the most challenging barriers for the application of SEs. In this regard, we explore composite SE of the active ceramic Li1+xAlxGe2-x(PO4)3 (LAGP) as the main medium for ion-conducting and the polymer P(VDF-HFP) as matrix...
November 13, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130615/in-office-bleaching-efficacy-on-stain-removal-from-cad-cam-and-direct-resin-composite-materials
#7
Amal Alharbi, Stefano Ardu, Tissiana Bortolotto, Ivo Krejci
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of in-office bleaching on stain removal from stained resin composite and ceramic computer-assisted design/computer-assisted manufacturing (CAD/CAM) blocks and direct resin composites. METHODS: Forty disk-shaped samples were fabricated from each of nine materials: six CAD/CAM (VITABLOCS Mark II, Paradigm MZ100, Exp Vita Hybrid Ceramic, VITA ENAMIC, Exp Kerr, and LAVA Ultimate) and three direct resin composites (Filtek Supreme, Venus Diamond, and Filtek Silorane)...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128128/cad-fe-modeling-and-analysis-of-class-ii-restorations-incorporating-resin-composite-glass-ionomer-and-glass-ceramic-materials
#8
Pietro Ausiello, Stefano Ciaramella, Massimo Martorelli, Antonio Lanzotti, Antonio Gloria, David C Watts
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the influence of specific resin-composite, glass ceramic and glass ionomer cement (GIC) material combinations in a "multi-layer" technique to replace enamel and dentin in class II mesio-occlusal-distal (MOD) dental restorations using 3D-Finite Element Analysis (FEA). METHODS: Four 3D-FE models (A-D) of teeth, adhesively restored with different filling materials, were created and analyzed in comparison with a 3D model (E) of a sound lower molar...
November 8, 2017: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124996/a-30-year-mortality-and-respiratory-morbidity-study-of-refractory-ceramic-fiber-workers
#9
Grace LeMasters, James E Lockey, Timothy J Hilbert, Linda S Levin, Jeff W Burkle, Ralph Shipley, Charles Perme, Cristopher A Meyer, Carol H Rice
AIM: Report mortality (n = 1119), cancer incidence (n = 1207) and radiographic (n = 1451) findings from a 30-year investigation of current and former refractory ceramic fiber (RCF) workers. METHODS: Cause of death, health and work histories, radiographs and spirometry were collected. Mortality and cancer incidence were analyzed. Logistic regression analysis investigated the associations of latency and cumulative fiber exposure (CFE) on radiographic changes...
August 2017: Inhalation Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124794/effect-of-home-bleaching-on-the-translucency-of-cad-cam-systems
#10
Muhammet Karci, Necla Demir
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of a home bleaching agent (Opalescence PF) on the translucency of CAD/CAM ceramic systems. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The 28 sintered ceramic specimens (IPS Empress CAD and IPS e.max CAD; 15 mm long, 10 mm wide, 1 mm thick) were divided into two subgroups as control and bleaching groups (n = 7). Carbamide peroxide (CP), 16%, home bleaching agent was applied onto the surface of each specimen for 6 hours per day for 7 days. A spectrophotometer (VITA Easyshade Advance) was used to measure the CIE L(*) a(*) b(*) coordinates and the reflectance value (Y) of the specimens on white and black backgrounds...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118370/all-materials-inclusive-flash-spark-plasma-sintering
#11
Charles Manière, Geuntak Lee, Eugene A Olevsky
A new flash (ultra-rapid) spark plasma sintering method applicable to various materials systems, regardless of their electrical resistivity, is developed. A number of powders ranging from metals to electrically insulative ceramics have been successfully densified resulting in homogeneous microstructures within sintering times of 8-35 s. A finite element simulation reveals that the developed method, providing an extraordinary fast and homogeneous heating concentrated in the sample's volume and punches, is applicable to all the different samples tested...
November 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118281/a-comparison-of-efficiency-and-material-wear-of-diamond-plated-versus-ceramic-sharpening-stones
#12
Heather M Hessheimer, Jeffrey B Payne, Laura E Shaw, Erica M Spanyers, Mark W Beatty
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare sharpening efficiency and metal (carbon steel) removal from scalers using two types of synthetic sharpening stones: ceramic and diamond-plated. Previous research used scanning electron microscopy alone to measure instrument sharpness. Additionally, no research has been reported on the use of diamond-plated sharpening stones.Methods: Fifteen threaded, double-ended H6/H7 scalers were randomly divided into three groups of ten: control, ceramic stone, and diamond-plated stone...
October 2017: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116000/effect-of-mouthrinses-on-color-stability-of-monolithic-zirconia-and-feldspathic-ceramic-an-in-vitro-study
#13
Reza Derafshi, Hooman Khorshidi, Mohamadhasan Kalantari, Ilyad Ghaffarlou
BACKGROUND: Patients susceptible to periodontal disease and dental caries, including those who undergo fixed prosthodontic treatments use chemical plaque control agents. However, these mouthrinses may result in adverse effects such as discoloration of the restorative materials. The aim of this study was to compare the color stability of monolithic zirconia and feldspathic porcelain after immersion in two different mouthrinses: 0.2% Chlorhexidine digluconate (CHX), or Listerine®. Color change was evaluated by color spectrophotometer and according to the Commission Internationale de l'Eclairage (CIELab) system...
November 7, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107134/restoration-of-severely-damaged-endodontically-treated-premolars-the-influence-of-the-endo-core-length-on-marginal-integrity-and-fatigue-resistance-of-lithium-disilicate-cad-cam-ceramic-endocrowns
#14
G T Rocca, R Daher, C M Saratti, R Sedlacek, T Suchy, A J Feilzer, I Krejci
OBJECTIVES: to explore fatigue limits of ceramic endocrowns for premolars. METHODS: Forty-eight devitalized premolars were cut at the CEJ. They were restored with standardized CAD-CAM lithium disilicate reinforced ceramic restorations (IPS e.max CAD, Ivoclar-Vivadent) and divided into four Groups (n=12): overlays (Group A, no endo-core, negative control), endocrowns with an endo-core of 2mm (Group B), 4mm (GroupC) and crowns with post and core (Group D, positive control)...
October 26, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103897/material-analysis-of-bottom-ash-from-waste-to-energy-plants
#15
Michal Šyc, Aneta Krausová, Petra Kameníková, Radovan Šomplák, Martin Pavlas, Boleslav Zach, Michael Pohořelý, Karel Svoboda, Miroslav Punčochář
Bottom ash (BA) from waste-to-energy (WtE) plants contains valuable components, particularly ferrous (Fe) and non-ferrous (NFe) metals, which can be recovered. To assess the resource recovery potential of BA in the Czech Republic, it was necessary to obtain its detailed material composition. This paper presents the material composition of BA samples from all three Czech WtE plants. It was found that the BA contained 9.2-22.7% glass, 1.8-5.1% ceramics and porcelain, 0.2-1.0% unburnt organic matter, 10.2-16.3% magnetic fraction, 6...
November 2, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103104/clinical-survival-of-chair-side-generated-monolithic-lithium-disilicate-crowns-10-year-results
#16
Angelika Rauch, Sven Reich, Luise Dalchau, Oliver Schierz
OBJECTIVES: Nowadays, all-ceramic materials are routinely used within the treatment of patients in dentistry. The objective of this prospective clinical trial was the evaluation of chair-side generated monolithic lithium disilicate crowns after 10 years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-one posterior full contour crowns made of lithium disilicate ceramics were inserted with a self-adhesive resin cement in 34 patients (20 university/14 private practice) using a chair-side CAD/CAM technique...
November 4, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102074/long-term-survival-of-total-hip-arthroplasty-using-implants-from-different-manufacturers
#17
James W Taylor, Chris Frampton, Alastair G Rothwell
BACKGROUND: Total hip arthroplasty (THA) can be performed using either femoral and acetabular components provided by the same manufacturer (matched components) or components from different manufacturers (unmatched components). We hypothesized that there would be no difference in outcomes following the use of unmatched compared to matched components. METHODS: Data from a nationwide joint registry, the New Zealand Joint Registry (NZJR), were analyzed to assess long-term outcomes of using unmatched implants in THA...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099373/fluorination-of-zirconia-surfaces-impairs-bonding-to-resin-cement
#18
Leandro Tolomelli Carraro Franco, Marina Amaral, Rafael Pino Vitti, Alecsandro Moura Silva, Laís Regiane Silva-Concílio, Ana Christina Claro Neves
The aim of this study was to evaluate the fluorination of a zirconia surface as an alternative treatment for bonding to resin cement; the null hypothesis was that fluorination would not improve adhesion values. Four different surface treatments were performed on the surface of yttria-stabilized tetragonal zirconia polycrystal discs (N = 80): Ctrl (control), no treatment; SB, sandblasting with 50-μm alumina particles; SBS, sandblasting with 30-μm silica-modified alumina particles and application of silane; and SF, fluorination with sulfur hexafluoride-containing plasma...
November 2017: General Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098259/-clinical-efficacy-and-effects-of-cad-cam-zirconia-all-ceramic-crown-and-metal-ceramic-crown-restoration-on-periodontal-tissues
#19
Xin-Yi Xu, Yin-Lian Zhang, Fang-Hui Geng
PURPOSE: To investigate the clinical efficacy and effects of CAD/CAM zirconia all-ceramic crown, cobalt-chromium alloy and silver-palladium alloy porcelain-fused-to-metal crown restorations on periodontal tissues. METHODS: Forty-nine teeth with crowns in 46 patients were randomly assigned into CAD/CAM zirconia all-ceramic crown group, cobalt-chromium alloy porcelain-fused-to-metal crown group and silver-palladium alloy porcelain-fused-to-metal crown group. The amounts of GCF, TNF-α and IL-6 were analyzed before and 12 months after restorations, and the clinical efficacy was evaluated...
June 2017: Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue, Shanghai Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098239/-cytocompatibility-of-co-cr-ceramic-alloys-after-recasting
#20
Yu-Feng Hu, Wen-Zhong Jin
PURPOSE: To study the correlation between apical foramen area and accuracy of PropexII electronic apex locator under destroyed apical constriction. METHODS: Forty extracted teeth with single straight root canal were ground down 1 mm in the root tip and placed in 2% liquid agar gel injected into Castro model. The length of root canal was measured by PropexII electronic apex locator. The difference (L) between the electronic length (LP) and actual length was calculated...
June 2017: Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue, Shanghai Journal of Stomatology
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