keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Lameness

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099077/disease-complexity-in-a-declining-alaskan-muskox-ovibos-moschatus-population
#1
Josephine A Afema, Kimberlee B Beckmen, Stephen M Arthur, Kathy Burek Huntington, Jonna A K Mazet
The muskox ( Ovibos moschatus ) population inhabiting the eastern North Slope (ENS) of Alaska declined dramatically during 1999-2006, whereas populations in western Alaska (WA) were stable or increasing. To understand morbidity and mortality factors contributing to the decline, Alaska Department of Fish and Game conducted pathologic investigations of carcasses from 2005 until 2008. Additionally, archived sera from both ENS and WA muskoxen collected during 1984-1992, before the documented beginning of the ENS decline; sera collected during 2000, near the beginning of the decline; and contemporary sera (from live capture-release, adult females) collected during 2006, 2007, and 2008 were analyzed to determine whether prevalence of antibody to potential pathogens differed in the two areas or changed over time...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099075/occurrence-and-relevance-of-mycoplasma-sturni-in-free-ranging-corvids-in-germany
#2
Luisa Ziegler, Franca Möller Palau-Ribes, Liane Schmidt, Michael Lierz
Several Mycoplasma spp. are well-known pathogens in poultry. In birds of prey, White Storks ( Ciconia ciconia ), and some waterfowl (Anatidae, Pelecanidae) species, mycoplasmas occur commonly and seem to be apathogenic or commensal and most likely belong to the physiologic microbial flora of the respiratory tract. In other bird species, such as Common Nightingales ( Luscinia megarhynchos ) and tits (Paridae), Mycoplasma spp. are absent in healthy birds. In corvids, the prevalence and role of Mycoplasma spp...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097685/cartilage-oligomeric-matrix-protein-comp-neo-epitope-in-the-synovial-fluid-of-horses-with-acute-lameness-a-new-biomarker-for-the-early-stages-of-osteoarthritis
#3
E Skiöldebrand, S Ekman, L MattssonHultén, E Svala, K Björkman, A Lindahl, A Lundqvist, P Önnerfjord, C Sihlbom, U Rüetschi
BACKGROUND: Clinical tools to diagnose the early changes of osteoarthritis (OA) that occur in the articular cartilage are lacking. OBJECTIVES: We sought to identify and quantify a novel cartilage oligomeric matrix protein (COMP) neo-epitope in the synovial fluid from the joints of healthy horses and those with different stages of OA. STUDY DESIGN: In vitro quantitative proteomics and assay development with application in synovial fluids samples obtained from biobanks of well-characterised horses...
January 17, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094860/tta-rapid-in-the-treatment-of-the-canine-cruciate-deficient-stifle-short-and-medium-term-outcome
#4
S J Butterworth, D M Kydd
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate complications, short- and medium-term outcomes following treatment of lameness associated with cranial cruciate ligament insufficiency in dogs using the "TTA-Rapid" technique. METHODS: Patient records from two veterinary clinics were retrospectively examined to collect data from cases treated over a period of 21 months. An owner postal questionnaire using a clinical metrology instrument (Liverpool Osteoarthritis in Dogs) evaluated medium-term outcome of at least six months...
January 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088220/anti-inflammatory-potential-of-ellagic-acid-gallic-acid-and-punicalagin-a-b-isolated-from-punica-granatum
#5
Lamees A BenSaad, Kah Hwi Kim, Chin Chew Quah, Wee Ric Kim, Mustafa Shahimi
BACKGROUND: Punica granatum (pomegranate), an edible fruit originating in the Middle East, has been used as a traditional medicine for treatment of pain and inflammatory conditions such as peptic ulcer. The numerous risks associated with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) for treatment of pain and inflammation give rise to using medicinal herbs as alternative therapies. This study aimed to evaluate the anti-inflammatory effect of isolated compounds from the ethyl acetate (EtOAc) fraction of P...
January 14, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080922/solitary-osteochondroma-of-the-distal-third-metacarpal-bone-in-a-two-year-old-white-rhinoceros-ceratotherium-simum
#6
Yolandi Smit, Johan Steyl, Johan Marais
A privately owned, 2-yr-old, 600-kg, intact male white rhinoceros presented with a progressive lameness of the left front limb of 8-mo duration with a focal swelling situated over the dorsoproximal aspect of third metacarpophalangeal joint. Radiographs of the affected limb showed a 28 mm × 26 mm exostosis at the dorsodistal third metacarpal bone. Surgical removal of the exostosis was performed and histopathologic examination confirmed a solitary osteochondroma. A follow-up examination 1 yr after surgical removal revealed total abolishment of the left front limb lameness...
December 2016: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080915/dorsal-laminectomy-to-relieve-spinal-cord-compression-in-a-captive-syrian-bear-ursus-arctos-syriacus
#7
Ariela Rosenzweig Büeler, Yael Merbl, Yishai Kushnir, Orit Chai, Itzhak Aizenberg, Igal Horowitz, Einat Matalon, Doron Tam, Merav H Shamir
A 19-yr-old captive male Syrian bear ( Ursus arctos syriacus) presented with a right hind limb lameness that progressed to nonambulatory paraparesis over the course of 2 wk. When night enclosure confinement and a short course of glucocorticoids and antibiotics did not lead to improvement, radiographs were performed, followed by cerebrospinal fluid analysis and myelography, revealing a dynamic spinal cord compression at the level of T2-T3. Dorsal laminectomy of both T2 and T3 was performed to allow decompression...
December 2016: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075434/diagnosis-and-surgical-correction-of-congenital-bilateral-patellar-luxation-in-two-dwarf-zebu-calves
#8
Göknil Kalayci, Cagri Binici, Julia Tünsmeyer, Silke Stein, Ahmad Al Aiyan, Kerstin Müller, Leo Brunnberg
This case study presents two female dwarf zebu calves with permanent bilateral flexion of the stifle joint secondary to bilateral congenital lateral patellar luxation. The patella could be manually repositioned bilaterally in the first calf (14 days old), but re-luxated immediately with release of manual pressure (luxation grade III). In the second calf (28 days old) both patellae were permanently luxated laterally (grade IV). The right and left stifles of each calf were operated in a staged procedure with approximately 14 days between surgery of the two sides...
January 11, 2017: Tierärztliche Praxis. Ausgabe G, Grosstiere/Nutztiere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063473/transfer-of-maternal-immunity-to-piglets-is-involved-in-early-protection-against-mycoplasma-hyosynoviae-infection
#9
K Tølbøll Lauritsen, T Hagedorn-Olsen, G Jungersen, U Riber, H Stryhn, N F Friis, P Lind, B Kristensen
Mycoplasma hyosynoviae causes arthritis in pigs older than 12 weeks. The role of colostrum in protection of piglets against M. hyosynoviae infection is not clear. Our objective was therefore to investigate whether transfer of maternal immunity to piglets was involved in early protection against the infection. Experimental infections were carried out in three groups of weaners receiving different levels of M. hyosynoviae-specific colostrum components; Group NC derived from Mycoplasma free sows and possessed no specific immunity to M...
January 2017: Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046180/effect-of-timing-of-relocation-of-replacement-gilts-from-group-pens-to-individual-stalls-before-breeding-on-fertility-and-well-being
#10
R V Knox, J Shen, L L Greiner, J F Connor
Variation in gilt fertility is associated with increased replacement and reduced longevity. Stress before breeding is hypothesized to be involved in reduced fertility. This study tested the timing of gilt relocation from pens to individual stalls before breeding on fertility and well-being. The experiment was performed in replicates on a commercial research farm. After detection of first estrus, gilts ( = 563) were assigned to treatment for relocation into stalls 3 wk (REL3wk), 2 wk (REL2wk), or 1 wk (REL1wk) before breeding at second estrus...
December 2016: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041728/associations-between-housing-and-management-practices-and-the-prevalence-of-lameness-hock-lesions-and-thin-cows-on-us-dairy-operations
#11
A E Adams, J E Lombard, C P Fossler, I N Román-Muñiz, C A Kopral
The objective of this study was to determine the association among different housing and management practices on the prevalence of lameness, hock lesions, and thin cows on US dairy operations. This study was conducted as part of the National Animal Health Monitoring System's Dairy 2014 study, which included dairy operations in 17 states. Size categories were assigned as follows: small (30-99 cows), medium (100-499 cows), and large (≥500 cows). Trained assessors visited 191 dairy operations from March through July 2014 and recorded locomotion and hock scores (on a 3-point scale), and the number of thin cows (body condition score ≤2...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029292/ability-of-clinicopathologic-variables-and-clinical-examination-findings-to-predict-race-elimination-in-endurance-horses
#12
C Langdon Fielding, Chloe A Meier, Greg K Fellers, K Gary Magdesian
OBJECTIVE To compare results of point-of-care laboratory testing with standard veterinary clinical examination findings at a single time point during endurance competition to identify horses at risk for elimination. ANIMALS 101 endurance horses participating in the 2013 Western States 160-km (100-mile) endurance ride. PROCEDURES At the 58-km checkpoint, blood samples were collected from all horses. Samples were analyzed for pH, Pco2, base excess, anion gap, PCV, and whole blood concentrations of sodium, potassium, chloride, total carbon dioxide, BUN, glucose, and bicarbonate...
January 2017: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024855/current-limitations-in-control-of-viral-arthritis-and-tenosynovitis-caused-by-avian-reoviruses-in-commercial-poultry
#13
Holly S Sellers
Avian reoviruses are the causative agent of viral arthritis/tenosynovitis in chickens and turkeys. Clinical signs of disease include swelling of the hock joints accompanied by lesions in the gastrocnemius and digital flexor tendons causing lameness in addition to hydropericardium. The economic impact is significant as it results in poor weight gain, increased feed conversion ratios and condemnations at the processing plant. Vaccination with both live attenuated and inactivated oil emulsion vaccines have been used successfully for decades to control the disease...
December 13, 2016: Veterinary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012631/estimating-us-dairy-clinical-disease-costs-with-a-stochastic-simulation-model
#14
D Liang, L M Arnold, C J Stowe, R J Harmon, J M Bewley
A farm-level stochastic model was used to estimate costs of 7 common clinical diseases in the United States: mastitis, lameness, metritis, retained placenta, left-displaced abomasum, ketosis, and hypocalcemia. The total disease costs were divided into 7 categories: veterinary and treatment, producer labor, milk loss, discarded milk, culling cost, extended days open, and on-farm death. A Monte Carlo simulation with 5,000 iterations was applied to the model to account for inherent system variation. Four types of market prices (milk, feed, slaughter, and replacement cow) and 3 herd-performance factors (rolling herd average, product of heat detection rate and conception rate, and age at first calving) were modeled stochastically...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28010837/raptor-acupuncture-for-treating-chronic-degenerative-joint-disease
#15
Keum Hwa Choi, Gail Buhl, Julia Ponder
A permanently captive 21-year-old male bald eagle was diagnosed with chronic degenerative joint disease in the right stifle with severe lameness (Grade 5) based on radiography. Clinical signs included decreased movement, vocalization, non weight-bearing on the affected limb, inappetence, depression, and pododermatitis on the left foot (bumblefoot, Grade 3). The eagle was treated with anti-inflammatory or analgesic drugs including carprofen and celecoxib. As there was no observed clinical improvement with any of the treatments, acupuncture treatment was provided...
December 2016: Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005495/growth-plate-lesions-of-fattening-bulls
#16
M Levi, K E Dittmer, A Gentile, A Beltrame, M Bolcato, M Morgante, E Fiore, C Benazzi
Lameness related to growth plate lesions is an important problem in the beef industry. This article describes the macroscopic and microscopic lesions in the distal metatarsal physis of bulls from an association of farmers in northeastern Italy. The metatarsal bones of 62 bulls (12 with severe lameness and 50 without lameness), average age 16.44 ± 1.72 months, were examined at the abattoir. The animals came from the same geographic area and shared intensive husbandry practices and a diet based on maize starch...
January 1, 2016: Veterinary Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003840/lovastatin-prevents-bleomycin-induced-dna-damage-to-hepg2-cells
#17
Marjan Nasiri, Mahmoud Etebari, Abbas Jafarian-Dehkordi, Shahla Moradi
Lovastatin as a member of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitors is used as a lipid-lowering agent. It can also inhibit the formation of hydrogen peroxide and superoxide anion and finally leads to decline in oxidative stress processes. Here, we evaluated whether lovastatin can increase DNA damage resistance of HepG2 cells against genotoxicity of the anticancer drug bleomycin (BLM). HepG2 cells were incubated with different concentrations of lovastatin (0.1, 0.5, 1, 5 µM) before exposure to BLM (0...
December 2016: Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990668/femoral-head-ostectomy-for-the-treatment-of-acetabular-fracture-and-coxofemoral-joint-luxation-in-a-potbelly-pig
#18
Joe S Smith, Munashe Chigerwe, Carly Kanipe, Sarah Gray
OBJECTIVE: To report the successful surgical treatment of a comminuted left acetabular fracture, a dorsally luxated left femoral head, and avulsion of the ligament of the femoral head by femoral head ostectomy (FHO) and physical therapy in a companion Potbelly pig. STUDY DESIGN: Case report. ANIMALS: A 1-year-old, 13 kg, castrated male, companion Potbelly pig. METHODS: The pig presented with a nonweight bearing left pelvic limb lameness of 3 weeks' duration that was noticed shortly after the pig got caught under a fence...
December 19, 2016: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977028/surgical-management-of-dorsal-scapular-luxation-in-three-dogs
#19
Stephen C Jones, Selena Tinga, Erin G Porter, Daniel Lewis
Scapular luxation is an uncommon cause of forelimb lameness in dogs and cats. Traumatic rupture of the serratus ventralis muscle allows the scapula to displace dorsally during weight-bearing. Specific documentation regarding clinical presentation and surgical techniques is limited, with no medium- to long-term results of surgical intervention in dogs described. Presented here are three cases of scapular luxation in dogs, treated with a modified surgical technique. Clinical outcome was considered good to excellent, with resolution of lameness and abnormal scapular motion in all three dogs...
December 15, 2016: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27970263/tct-9-a-per-vessel-level-systematic-review-of-computed-tomography-derived-ffr-ffr-ct-diagnostic-accuracy-studies-implications-for-clinical-decision-making
#20
Christopher Cook, Yousif Ahmad, Ricardo Petraco, Sukhjinder Nijjer, Matthew Shun-Shin, Rasha Al-Lamee, Yuetsu Kikuta, Yasutsugu Shiono, Jamil Mayet, Darrel Francis, Sayan Sen, Justin Davies
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2016: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
keyword
keyword
71137
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"