keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Lameness

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932263/how-does-cellulosome-composition-influence-deconstruction-of-lignocellulosic-substrates-in-clostridium-ruminiclostridium-thermocellum-dsm-1313
#1
Shahar Yoav, Yoav Barak, Melina Shamshoum, Ilya Borovok, Raphael Lamed, Bareket Dassa, Yitzhak Hadar, Ely Morag, Edward A Bayer
BACKGROUND: Bioethanol production processes involve enzymatic hydrolysis of pretreated lignocellulosic biomass into fermentable sugars. Due to the relatively high cost of enzyme production, the development of potent and cost-effective cellulolytic cocktails is critical for increasing the cost-effectiveness of bioethanol production. In this context, the multi-protein cellulolytic complex of Clostridium (Ruminiclostridium) thermocellum, the cellulosome, was studied here. C. thermocellum is known to assemble cellulosomes of various subunit (enzyme) compositions, in response to the available carbon source...
2017: Biotechnology for Biofuels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920787/calcinosis-circumscripta-in-a-cohort-of-related-juvenile-african-lions-panthera-leo
#2
Kendra L Bauer, Samantha J Sander, James C Steeil, Timothy F Walsh, Donald L Neiffer
Three juvenile, genetically related African lions (Panthera leo) were evaluated for discrete dome-shaped subcutaneous masses present over the proximal lateral metatarsal-tarsal area. The lesions measured 3-8 cm in diameter, were fluctuant to firm, nonulcerated, and attached to underlying structures. On radiographic evaluation, the lesions were characterized by well-circumscribed punctate mineralizations in the soft tissue surrounded by soft tissue swelling without evidence of adjacent bony involvement. On cut surface, the lesions were made of numerous loculi containing 2-5-mm round-to-ovoid, white-to-gray, firm structures interspersed with fibrous tissue and pockets of serosanguinous fluid...
September 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912832/unique-organization-and-unprecedented-diversity-of-the-bacteroides-pseudobacteroides-cellulosolvens-cellulosome-system
#3
Olga Zhivin, Bareket Dassa, Sarah Moraïs, Sagar M Utturkar, Steven D Brown, Bernard Henrissat, Raphael Lamed, Edward A Bayer
BACKGROUND: (Pseudo) Bacteroides cellulosolvens is an anaerobic, mesophilic, cellulolytic, cellulosome-producing clostridial bacterium capable of utilizing cellulose and cellobiose as carbon sources. Recently, we sequenced the B. cellulosolvens genome, and subsequent comprehensive bioinformatic analysis, herein reported, revealed an unprecedented number of cellulosome-related components, including 78 cohesin modules scattered among 31 scaffoldins and more than 200 dockerin-bearing ORFs...
2017: Biotechnology for Biofuels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911840/compartmental-resection-of-peripheral-nerve-tumours-with-limb-preservation-in-16-dogs-1995-2011
#4
L van Stee, S Boston, E Teske, B Meij
Peripheral nerve tumours (PNTs) affecting the limbs may lead to chronic pain, lameness and/or monoparesis that is refractory to medical treatment. The most common radical therapy for PNTs has been surgical excision with limb amputation. However, compartmental resection with preservation of the limb has been performed by the authors with favourable clinical results and therefore this bi-institutional retrospective study was undertaken to assess limb function, survival and recurrence. Sixteen dogs that had been diagnosed with PNTs between 1995 and 2011 met the inclusion criteria for this study...
August 2017: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910416/lateralized-behaviour-as-indicator-of-affective-state-in-dairy-cows
#5
Sarah Kappel, Michael T Mendl, David C Barrett, Joanna C Murrell, Helen R Whay
In humans, there is evidence that sensory processing of novel or threatening stimuli is right hemisphere dominated, especially in people experiencing negative affective states. There is also evidence for similar lateralization in a number of non-human animal species. Here we investigate whether this is also the case in domestic cattle that may experience long-term negative states due to commonly occurring conditions such as lameness. Health and welfare implications associated with pain in lame cows are a major concern in dairy farming...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903475/non-newtonian-pulsatile-shear-stress-assessment-a-method-to-differentiate-bioresorbable-scaffold-platforms
#6
Erhan Tenekecioglu, Ryo Torii, Christos V Bourantas, Rasha Al-Lamee, Patrick W Serruys
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901714/modular-organization-of-the-thermobifida-fusca-exoglucanase-cel6b-impacts-cellulose-hydrolysis-and-designer-cellulosome-efficiency
#7
Eva Setter-Lamed, Sarah Moraïs, Johanna Stern, Raphael Lamed, Edward A Bayer
Cellulose deconstruction can be achieved by three distinct enzymatic paradigms: free enzymes, multifunctional enzymes and self-assembled, multi-enzyme complexes (cellulosomes). To study their comparative efficiency, the simple and efficient cellulolytic system of the aerobic bacterium, Thermobifida fusca, was developed as an enzymatic model. In previous studies, most of its cellulases were successfully converted to the cellulosomal mode and exhibited high cellulolytic activities, except for Cel6B, a key exoglucanase of the T...
September 13, 2017: Biotechnology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891689/multimodal-drug-therapy-and-physical-rehabilitation-in-the-successful-treatment-of-capture-myopathy-in-a-lesser-flamingo-phoeniconaias-minor
#8
Michael Stephen McEntire, Carlos R Sanchez
A wild-caught lesser flamingo (Phoeniconaias minor) from the Fort Worth Zoo (Fort Worth, TX, USA) presented with moderate lameness that progressed to the inability to stand 2 days after restraint and handling. Results of blood tests showed severely elevated creatine phosphokinase (CPK) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) activities, confirming suspected capture myopathy. Intensive supportive therapy, consisting of intravenous fluids and muscle relaxants, along with physical rehabilitation therapy, nutritional support, and anxiolytics, were instituted to aid in relaxation and muscle regeneration...
September 2017: Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888599/management-operational-animal-health-and-economic-characteristics-of-large-dairy-herds-in-4-states-in-the-upper-midwest-of-the-united-states
#9
T L Evink, M I Endres
Recent trends in dairy farm structure in the United States have included a decreasing number of farms, although farm size has increased, especially the share of milk production from very large herds (>2,500 cows). The objectives of this observational study were to describe common management practices; to characterize labor and operational structure; to measure some aspects of animal health, including lameness, hock lesions, mortality, and mastitis incidence; and to summarize cost of production on farms with more than 2,500 cows in 4 states in the Upper Midwest of the United States...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888598/effect-of-hoof-trimmer-intervention-in-moderately-lame-cows-on-lameness-progression-and-milk-yield
#10
A García-Muñoz, N Singh, C Leonardi, N Silva-Del-Río
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of hoof trimmer intervention (HTI) in moderately lame cows on lameness progression and milk yield. Two freestall Holstein herds were enrolled. Cows were milked 2 (herd A: 2,374 cows) or 3 (herd B: 2,800 cows) times a day. Within each dairy, moderately lame cows [locomotion score (LS) = 3 on a 5-point scale] were randomly assigned to control group (CON; herd A = 66, herd B = 84) or treatment group (HTI; evaluated and treated by the hoof trimmer under researchers' supervision; herd A = 73; herd B = 75)...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888596/relative-importance-of-herd-level-risk-factors-for-probability-of-infection-with-paratuberculosis-in-irish-dairy-herds
#11
Conor G McAloon, Michael L Doherty, Paul Whyte, Simon J More, Luke O'Grady, Lorna Citer, Martin J Green
Control of paratuberculosis is challenging due to the relatively poor performance of diagnostic tests, a prolonged incubation period, and protracted environmental survival. Prioritization of herd-level interventions is not possible because putative risk factors are often not supported by risk factor studies. The objective for this study was to investigate the relative importance of risk factors for an increased probability of herd paratuberculosis infection. Risk assessment data, comprehensive animal purchase history, and diagnostic test data were available for 936 Irish dairy herds...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887894/interobserver-variation-in-the-diagnosis-of-neurologic-abnormalities-in-the-horse
#12
W J A Saville, S M Reed, J P Dubey, D E Granstrom, P S Morley, K W Hinchcliff, C W Kohn, T E Wittum, J D Workman
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of equine protozoal myeloencephalitis (EPM) relies heavily on the clinical examination. The accurate identification of neurologic signs during a clinical examination is critical to the interpretation of laboratory results. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the level of agreement between board-certified veterinary internists when performing neurologic examinations in horses. ANIMALS: Ninety-seven horses admitted to the Veterinary Teaching Hospital at The Ohio State University from December 1997 to June 1998...
September 9, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885697/second-look-arthroscopic-findings-after-cora-based-leveling-osteotomy
#13
Barbara Vasquez, Don Hulse, Brian Beale, Sharon Kerwin, Chad Andrews, Brian W Saunders
OBJECTIVE: To describe the arthroscopic appearance of intra-articular structures mid-term (9 months) and long-term (>12 months) after CORA-based leveling osteotomy (CBLO). STUDY DESIGN: Case series. ANIMALS: Dogs (n = 41) with second-look arthroscopy of the stifle after CBLO for treatment of a cranial cruciate ligament (CCL) deficiency. Both stifles were re-evaluated (stifles n = 42) in 1 dog. METHODS: Medical records of dogs that had second-look arthroscopy after CBLO were reviewed...
September 8, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878414/atlanto-axial-malformation-in-an-adult-quarter-horse-gelding
#14
Robert Cole, Jennifer Taintor, Reid Hanson
An adult gelding was evaluated for bilateral intermittent forelimb lameness of approximately 2 years duration. The horse was found to have grade 2/5 upper motor neuron-general proprioception ataxia with no cranial nerve deficits. During radiographic and gross necropsy examinations a novel atlanto-axial malformation of possible congenital etiology was found.
September 2017: Canadian Veterinary Journal. la Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868301/dynamic-lumbosacral-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-a-dog-with-tethered-cord-syndrome-with-a-tight-filum-terminale
#15
Steven De Decker, Vicky Watts, David M Neilson
A 1-year and 11-month- old English Cocker Spaniel was evaluated for clinical signs of progressive right pelvic limb lameness and urinary incontinence. Neurological examination was suggestive of a lesion localized to the L4-S3 spinal cord segments. No abnormalities were seen on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) performed in the dog in dorsal recumbency and the hips in a neutral position and the conus medullaris ended halfway the vertebral body of L7. An MRI of the hips in extended and flexed positions demonstrated minimal displacement of the conus medullaris in the cranial and caudal directions, respectively...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865850/validation-of-genomic-predictions-for-wellness-traits-in-us-holstein-cows
#16
Anthony K McNeel, Brenda C Reiter, Dan Weigel, Jason Osterstock, Fernando A Di Croce
The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of wellness trait genetic predictions in commercial herds of US Holstein cows from herds that do not contribute phenotypic information to the evaluation. Tissue samples for DNA extraction were collected from more than 3,400 randomly selected pregnant Holstein females in 11 herds and 2 age groups (69% nulliparous, 31% primiparous) approximately 30 to 60 d before their expected calving date. Lactation records from cows that calved between September 1, 2015, and December 31, 2015, were included in the analysis...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857286/proximal-suspensory-desmopathy-in-hindlimbs-magnetic-resonance-imaging-gross-post-mortem-and-histological-study
#17
S Dyson, M J Pinilla, N Bolas, R Murray
BACKGROUND: There have been no previous studies correlating high-field magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings with gross and histological post mortem examination in horses with hindlimb proximal suspensory desmopathy (PSD). OBJECTIVES: To determine if adhesions between the suspensory ligament (SL) and adjacent tissues could be detected using high-field MRI and if collagen, adipose tissue and muscle pathology could be differentiated. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study...
August 30, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856534/prevalence-of-lameness-claw-lesions-and-associated-risk-factors-in-dairy-farms-in-selangor-malaysia
#18
M B Sadiq, S Z Ramanoon, R Mansor, S S Syed-Hussain, W M Shaik Mossadeq
The objectives of this cross-sectional study were to estimate the prevalence of lameness, claw lesions, and associated risk factors in dairy farms in Selangor, Malaysia. The sample population was 251 lactating cows from 8 farms assessed for lameness and claw lesions by locomotion scoring and claw assessment respectively while specific animal-based measures were hypothesized as cow-level risk factors. The Wilcoxon rank test and logistic regression were applied to assess the prevalence of lameness, claw lesions, and association with potential risk factors, respectively...
August 31, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843693/leukocyte-profile-gene-expression-acute-phase-response-and-metabolite-status-of-cows-with-sole-hemorrhages
#19
Keelin O'Driscoll, Matthew McCabe, Bernadette Earley
Sole hemorrhages result from disruption to normal claw horn formation and are caused by a variety of internal and external factors. Evidence suggests that they are painful, although they do not usually cause clinical lameness and are difficult to detect by observing cow gait. Little is known about how or whether sole hemorrhages affect the cow systemically. This study compared hematology profile, leukocyte gene expression, and physiological responses of cows with no/mild hemorrhages (category 1; n = 17), moderate hemorrhages (category 2; n = 18), and severe hemorrhages (category 3; n = 12)...
August 23, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834695/multimodality-therapy-improves-survival-in-intramedullary-spinal-cord-metastasis-of-lung-primary
#20
Hayder Saeed, Reema Patel, Jigisha Thakkar, Lames Hamoodi, Li Chen, John Villano
BACKGROUND: Most metastatic spinal cord lesions are located either in the intradural, extramedullary, or in the epidural compartments. Intramedullary spinal cord metastasis (ISCM) is a rare central nervous system spread of cancer. The aim of this report was to evaluate ISCM in the published literature. METHODS: A literature review of PubMed from 1960 to 2016 was undertaken for the publications having demographic, clinical, histological, and outcome data. RESULTS: A total of 59 relevant papers were identified, showing 128 cases of intramedullary metastasis from lung cancer...
August 16, 2017: Hematology/oncology and Stem Cell Therapy
keyword
keyword
71137
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"