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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922211/transrectal-ultrasonography-of-equine-lumbosacral-nerves-pilot-study-in-28-healthy-warmblood-horses
#1
Pablo Espinosa, Philippe Benoit, Isabel Salazar, Jesús de la Fuente, Philippe Heiles
A noninvasive method for visualizing lumbosacral nerves would be helpful for horses with suspected lumbosacral plexopathy or injury. The aim of this prospective descriptive pilot study was to characterize the ultrasonographic appearance of the lumbosacral nerves in a sample of healthy horses, and expand on the technique for image acquisition. Horses were recruited for inclusion if they were determined to be healthy and sound based on clinical and lameness evaluation. Transrectal ultrasound images of the lumbosacral nerves (L6, S1, and S2) were obtained for both sides...
December 6, 2016: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914466/decreasing-prevalence-of-no-known-major-risk-factors-for-cardiovascular-disease-among-mississippi-adults-mississippi-behavioral-risk-factor-surveillance-system-2001-and-2009
#2
Vincent L Mendy, Rodolfo Vargas, Lamees El-Sadek, Vanessa L Short
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death in Mississippi. However, the prevalence of no known CVD risk factors among Mississippi adults and the change of prevalence in the past 9 years have not been described. We assess changes in prevalence of no known CVD risk factors during 2001 and 2009. METHODS: Prevalence of high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes, physical inactivity, smoking, and obesity were investigated. Survey respondents who reported having none of these factors were defined as having no known CVD risk factors...
December 3, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905002/disseminated-candidiasis-in-a-young-previously-healthy-dog-and-review-of-literature
#3
Nicole Willems, Dirk J Houwers, Yvette M Schlotter, Bart Theelen, Teun Boekhout
BACKGROUND: The reports on disseminated candidiasis in dogs so far describe at least one predisposing factor. This case report, however, highlights candidiasis in a dog without any known predisposition. PATIENT: A 1.5-year-old intact female Hovawart dog was presented with subcutaneous nodules and polyuria/polydipsia. An excisional biopsy revealed a chronic pyogranulomatous and necrotizing inflammation with mycotic structures. The patient became febrile and lethargic, and developed lameness...
November 30, 2016: Mycopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902918/recovery-of-chicken-growth-plate-by-heat-shock-protein-90-inhibitors-epigallocatechin-3-gallate-and-apigenin-in-thiram-induced-tibial-dyschondroplasia
#4
Muhammad Kashif Iqbal, Jingying Liu, Fazul Nabi, Mujeeb Ur Rehman, Hui Zhang, Adnan Hassan Tahir, Jiakui Li
Tibial dyschondroplasia (TD) is an important tibiotarsal bone disorder characterized by an avascular and nonmineralized growth plate; it is attributed to abnormal differentiation of chondrocytes and causes lameness. Heat-shock protein 90 (Hsp90) is a proangiogenic factor in animal tissues; however, its gene expression increases in cases of chicken TD. The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) and apigenin in thiram-induced TD birds; these substances were used because of their Hsp90 inhibitory activities...
December 2016: Avian Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902903/characterization-of-thai-mycoplasma-synoviae-isolates-by-sequence-analysis-of-partial-vlha-gene
#5
Kriengwich Limpavithayakul, Jiroj Sasipreeyajan, Somsak Pakpinyo
Mycoplasma synoviae (MS), a remarkable pathogen in poultry, causes subclinical infection of the upper respiratory tract and an infectious synovitis, especially in the tendon sheaths and synovial membranes of joints. Because the specific detection of MS 16S rRNA gene-based PCR was unsuitable for strain differentiation, vlhA gene-based PCR was designed to differentiate the MS strains. The vlhA gene of MS encodes for hemagglutinin and other immunodominant membrane proteins involved in colonization, antigenic variations, and virulence...
December 2016: Avian Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902739/degenerative-suspensory-ligament-desmitis-dsld-in-peruvian-paso-horses-is-characterized-by-altered-expression-of-tgf%C3%AE-signaling-components-in-adipose-derived-stromal-fibroblasts
#6
Wei Luo, John Sandy, Katie Trella, Daniel Gorski, Shuguang Gao, Jun Li, Sabrina Brounts, Jorge Galante, Anna Plaas
Equine degenerative suspensory ligament desmitis (DSLD) in Peruvian Paso horses typically presents at 7-15 years and is characterized by lameness, focal disorganization of collagen fibrils, and chondroid deposition in the body of the ligament. With the aim of developing a test for disease risk (that can be used to screen horses before breeding) we have quantified the expression of 76 TGFβ-signaling target genes in adipose-derived stromal fibroblasts (ADSCs) from six DSLD-affected and five unaffected Paso horses...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902357/pathogenesis-of-senecavirus-a-infection-in-finishing-pigs
#7
Lok R Joshi, Maureen H V Fernandes, Travis Clement, Steven Lawson, Angela Pillatzki, Talita P Resende, Fabio Vanucci, Gerald F Kutish, Eric Nelson, Diego G Diel
Senecavirus A (SVA) is an emerging picornavirus that has been recently associated with vesicular disease and neonatal mortality in swine. Many aspects of SVA infection biology and pathogenesis, however, remain unknown. Here the pathogenesis of SVA was investigated in finishing pigs. Animals were inoculated via the oronasal route with a contemporary SVA strain SD15-26 and monitored for clinical signs and lesions associated with SVA infection. Viremia was assessed in serum and virus shedding monitored in oral and nasal secretions and feces by real-time reverse transcriptase PCR (RT-qPCR) and/or virus isolation...
October 14, 2016: Journal of General Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900293/combined-use-of-platelet-rich-plasma-micro-fat-in-sport-and-race-horses-with-degenerative-joint-disease-preliminary-clinical-study-in-eight-horses
#8
Fabrizio Bembo, Julia Eraud, Cecile Philandrianos, Baptiste Bertrand, Alain Silvestre, Julie Veran, Florence Sabatier, Guy Magalon, Jeremy Magalon
BACKGROUND: To assess the safety and potential efficacy of a standardized technique consisting of intra-articular injection of 10 cc of a homogeneous mixed product using autologous micro-fat and platelet rich plasma (PRP) (ratio 1:1) in the carpus or the fetlock joint of sport horses presenting degenerative joint disease (DJD). METHODS: Eight sport horses with DJD confirmed by radiography and ultrasonography and causing lameness and the impossibility to compete were treated...
April 2016: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898961/effects-of-feeding-regimen-on-weight-gain-semen-characteristics-libido-and-lameness-in-170-to-250-kilogram-duroc-boars
#9
C Wang, J L Li, H K Wei, Y F Zhou, J J Tan, H Q Sun, S W Jiang, J Peng
A 2-period field trial was conducted to determine the effects of feeding regimen on weight gain, semen characteristics, libido, and lameness in 170- to 200-kg (period 1) and 200- to 250-kg (period 2) boars. Sixty-one Duroc boars were allotted to 1 of 3 dietary treatments and 15 g/d fish oil was also provided for each experimental boar, to maintain the n-6:n-3 intake ratio at approximately 6.1:1. The energy intakes of the 3 treatment groups were controlled by basing the feed intake on a corn-soybean meal-based diet (3...
November 2016: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898885/osteochondrosis-prevalence-and-severity-at-12-and-24-weeks-of-age-in-commercial-pigs-with-and-without-organic-complexed-trace-mineral-supplementation
#10
F Tóth, J L Torrison, L Harper, D Bussieres, M E Wilson, T D Crenshaw, C S Carlson
Maternal and progeny diets supplemented with 2 sources of trace mineral (TM) were evaluated for effects on the size and severity of osteochondrosis (OC) lesions in progeny produced by 64 Landrace × Large White sows. At breeding, sows were randomly assigned to maternal diets (gestation and lactation) consisting 1 of 2 TM treatments. One treatment consisted of inorganic TM (ITM) with ZnO, MnSO, and CuSO at concentrations to provide 150, 50, and 16.5 mg/kg diet of Zn, Mn, and Cu, respectively. The other treatment consisted of the same ITM concentrations plus an additional 50, 20, and 10 mg/kg diet of Zn, Mn, and Cu, respectively, supplied by a blend of AA-complexed TM (CTM) using Availa Sow...
September 2016: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898852/horse-species-symposium-biomechanics-of-the-exercising-horse
#11
Hilary M Clayton
In spite of having large height and body mass, horses are cursorial animals with an extensive gait repertoire and considerable athletic abilities. The limbs have evolved so that the heavy musculature is confined to the proximal limbs while the distal limbs are light in weight with a single functional digit and long, lightweight tendons to move and support the distal joints. These adaptations reduce the moment of inertia and decrease the energy expended to protract and retract the limbs during locomotion. There is a division of labor between the forelimbs, which have a pillar-like construction specialized for weight bearing, and the hind limbs, in which the more angulated joints provide leverage for the generation of propulsion...
October 2016: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893158/articular-cartilage-scores-in-cranial-cruciate-ligament-deficient-dogs-with-or-without-bucket-handle-tears-of-the-medial-meniscus
#12
Kathryn Kaufman, Brian S Beale, Howard D Thames, W Brian Saunders
OBJECTIVE: To compare articular cartilage scores in cranial cruciate ligament (CCL)-deficient dogs with or without concurrent bucket handle tears (BHT) of the medial meniscus. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. ANIMALS: Client-owned dogs treated with arthroscopy and tibial plateau leveling osteotomy or extracapsular repair for complete CCL rupture (290 stifles from 264 dogs). METHODS: Medical records and arthroscopic images were reviewed...
November 28, 2016: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884141/normal-patellofemoral-kinematic-patterns-during-daily-activities-in-dogs
#13
Erica J Moore, Stanley E Kim, Scott A Banks, Antonio Pozzi, Jason D Coggeshall, Stephen C Jones
BACKGROUND: Patellar abnormalities are a common cause of pain and lameness in dogs; however, in vivo the relative motion between the femur and patella in dogs is not well described. The objective of this study was to define normal in vivo sagittal plane patellofemoral kinematics in three axes of motion using non-invasive methods. We hypothesized patellofemoral alignment in the sagittal plane would tightly correlate with the femorotibial flexion angle. Six healthy dogs without orthopedic disease underwent computed tomography (CT) of their hind limbs to create 3-D models of the patella and femur...
November 25, 2016: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881209/genetic-parameters-for-lameness-mastitis-and-dagginess-in-a-multi-breed-sheep-population
#14
A C O'Brien, N McHugh, E Wall, T Pabiou, K McDermott, S Randles, S Fair, D P Berry
The objective of the present study was to quantify the extent of genetic variation in three health-related traits namely dagginess, lameness and mastitis, in an Irish sheep population. Each of the health traits investigated pose substantial welfare implications as well as considerable economic costs to producers. Data were also available on four body-related traits, namely body condition score (BCS), live weight, muscle depth and fat depth. Animals were categorised as lambs (<365 days old) or ewes (⩾365 days old) and were analysed both separately and combined...
November 24, 2016: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875085/concurrent-or-sequential-tibial-subchondral-cystic-lesions-in-4-horses-with-medial-femoral-condyle-subchondral-cystic-lesions
#15
Alvaro G Bonilla, Alicia L Bertone, Matthew T Brokken, Elizabeth M Santschi
CASE DESCRIPTION 4 horses were examined because of signs of chronic hind limb lameness. CLINICAL FINDINGS 3 horses had a history of lameness for > 6 months; specific duration was unknown for 1 horse. On initial evaluation, grade 3 to 4 (on a scale from 1 to 5) hind limb lameness was present in all 4 horses. Radiography of the stifle joint of the affected limb revealed medial femoral condyle subchondral lucencies or subchondral cystic lesions (SCLs) in all 4 horses, medial femorotibial osteoarthritis in 3 horses, and medial tibial condyle SCLs in 3 horses...
December 1, 2016: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872726/reconstruction-of-long-digital-extensor-tendon-by-cranial-tibial-muscle-fascia-graft-in-a-dog
#16
Behrokh Marzban Abbasabadi, Aliakbar Ahmadzadeh, Shahab Ramezanpour, Amir Reza Hajati Ziabari
Tendon rupture in dogs is generally the result of a direct trauma. This report described the use of adjacent muscle autogenic fascial graft for reconstruction of distal rupture of long digital extensor tendon in a dog. A two-year-old male mix breed dog, was presented with a non-weight bearing lameness of the right hind limb and a deep rupture of lateral side of right tarsus. History taking revealed that this rupture appeared without any apparent cause, when walking around the farm, three days before. Radiography was done and no fracture was observed...
2016: Veterinary Research Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862238/validation-of-distal-limb-mounted-inertial-measurement-unit-sensors-for-stride-detection-in-warmblood-horses-at-walk-and-trot
#17
F M Bragança, S Bosch, J P Voskamp, M Marin-Perianu, B J Van der Zwaag, J C M Vernooij, P R van Weeren, W Back
BACKGROUND: Inertial-measurement-unit (IMU)-sensor-based techniques are becoming more popular in horses as a tool for objective locomotor assessment. OBJECTIVES: To describe, evaluate and validate a method of stride detection and quantification at walk and trot using distal limb mounted IMU-sensors. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective validation study comparing IMU-sensors and motion capture with force plate data. METHODS: Seven Warmblood horses equipped with metacarpal/metatarsal IMU-sensors and reflective markers for motion capture were hand walked and trotted over a force plate...
November 12, 2016: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862168/late-onset-bulky-naevocytoma-of-the-perineum-masquerading-as-a-malignant-melanoma
#18
J W Huh, J Yoo, M S Kim, K H Choi, M S Jue, H J Park
Bulky naevocytoma of the perineum is a very rare variant of giant congenital melanocytic naevus (GCMN). It presents as a bulky naevocytic tumour in the perineal region with characteristic histological findings, such as extensive areas with a neural appearance called 'lames foliacees', formation of a pseudofollicular structure and extension of naevus cells between collagen bundles in a row called 'Indian-file' pattern. We report a case of late-onset bulky naevocytoma of the perineum in a 13-year-old girl. The patient presented with two bulky, pedunculated, heavily pigmented masses in the vulvar area that developed in a pre-existing GCMN lesion, which began around puberty and caused severe gait disturbance...
November 15, 2016: Clinical and Experimental Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860072/magnetic-resonance-imaging-gross-postmortem-and-histological-findings-for-soft-tissues-of-the-plantar-aspect-of-the-tarsus-and-proximal-metatarsal-region-in-non-lame-horses
#19
Sue Dyson, Anthony Blunden, Rachel Murray
Injuries of the plantar soft tissues of the tarsus and proximal metatarsus can be a source of lameness in horses, however published information is lacking on high field MRI characteristics of these tissues. Objectives of the current anatomic study were to (1) describe high-field MRI features of the plantar tarsal and proximal metatarsal soft tissues; and (2) compare MRI findings with gross and histological appearances of selected structures for a sample of cadaver limbs from non-lame horses. Single hindlimbs for 42 horses, and right and left hindlimbs for eight horses were scanned using high-field MRI...
November 13, 2016: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859501/the-development-of-locomotor-kinetics-in-the-foal-and-the-effect-of-osteochondrosis
#20
B M C Gorissen, C F Wolschrijn, F M Serra Bragança, A A J Geerts, W O J L Leenders, W Back, P R van Weeren
BACKGROUND: Foals stand and walk immediately after birth, but insight into the subsequent longitudinal development of their gait kinetics in the early juvenile phase and the possible influence of osteochondrosis thereon is lacking. OBJECTIVES: To quantify gait kinetics in foals during the first half year of life, taking into account their osteochondrosis status. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, cohort study performed at a single stud farm. METHODS: Pressure plate measurements at walk and trot from eleven Dutch Warmblood foals during the first 24 weeks of life were used to determine body mass normalised peak vertical force, normalised vertical impulse and stance duration...
November 12, 2016: Equine Veterinary Journal
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