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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782037/multiloculated-solitary-unicameral-bone-cyst-in-a-young-dog
#1
Sarah C Roode, Heather R Shive, Willemijn Hoorntje, Jennifer Bernard, Devorah M Stowe, Roy R Pool, Carol B Grindem
A 20-month-old female spayed Staffordshire Terrier (22.3 kg) presented to the Orthopedic Surgery Service at North Carolina State University Veterinary Teaching Hospital for evaluation of a 6-week history of toe-touching to nonweight-bearing lameness in the right hind limb. Radiographs of the right stifle revealed a multiloculated lytic lesion of the distal femur, with a large open lytic zone centrally, numerous osseous septations peripherally, and focal areas of cortical thinning and loss. An aspirate of the right distal femoral lesion yielded mildly cloudy serosanguineous fluid...
May 21, 2018: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781675/axial-sesamoiditis-in-the-horse-a-review
#2
Christelle Le Roux, Ann Carstens
Axial sesamoiditis or osteitis of the proximal sesamoid bones (PSBs) in the horse is described as a rare condition. The cause remains unknown and speculative, with vascular, infectious, and traumatic aetiologies implicated. It is specifically associated with injury of the palmar or plantar ligament (PL), also known as the intersesamoidean ligament. Imaging findings are generally rewarding and radiological changes are typical, if not pathognomonic, for the condition. Lesions consist of bone lysis at the apical to mid-body axial margins of the PSBs, with variable degrees of joint effusion...
March 29, 2018: Journal of the South African Veterinary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776006/mineralization-can-be-an-incidental-ultrasonographic-finding-in-equine-tendons-and-ligaments
#3
Etienne J O O'Brien, Roger K W Smith
Tendon/ligament mineralization is recognized in horses but information regarding its clinical significance is limited. The aims of this observational study were to report the structures most commonly affected by ultrasonographically detectable mineralization and, for these, determine frequency of diagnosis and key clinical features. Cases presented at our hospital in April 1999-April 2013 and September 2014-November 2015 were included: a total of 27 horses (22 retrospective, five prospective). Mineralizations were most common in deep digital flexor tendons (10) and suspensory ligament branches (eight), representing 10% and 7% (estimated), respectively, of horses diagnosed with injuries to these structures during the study...
May 18, 2018: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767794/effects-of-supplementing-organic-micro-minerals-and-methionine-during-the-rearing-phase-of-replacement-gilts-on-lameness-growth-and-body-composition
#4
Lluís Fabà, Josep Gasa, Mike D Tokach, Evelia Varella, David Solà-Oriol
Lameness is a primary reason for culling and mortality within a sow herd. This study evaluated the impact of feeding organic trace minerals and methionine (Met) to growing gilts (134 d) on lameness, performance, body composition and claw health (to first parity), productivity (to second parity), and reproductive performance through 2 parities. Young gilts [28.8 ± 8.8 kg of body weight (BW), n = 360] were BW blocked (10 gilts/pen) and randomly allotted to 1 of 4 dietary treatments: control (CON, basal diet); CON plus organic minerals (MIN, at 10, 20 and 50 mg/kg of Cu, Mn and Zn, respectively; Aplomotec Plus, Tecnología & Vitaminas, S...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762773/animal-and-management-based-welfare-indicators-for-a-conventional-broiler-strain-in-2-barn-types-louisiana-barn-and-closed-barn
#5
Helen Louton, Shana Bergmann, Sven Reese, Michael Erhard, Josef Bachmeier, Beatrice Rösler, Elke Rauch
The aim of this observational study was to describe health- and management-related welfare indicators for a conventional broiler strain housed in 2 barn types (Louisiana barn and closed barn) on the same farm and to assess the impact of age and housing conditions on these indicators. Broilers were examined 4 times in each of 7 fattening periods. Their weight gain, gait score, and further animal-based indicators did not differ between the barn types. On average 46% showed no sign, 51% a minor but visible, and 3% a profound lameness at the end of the fattening period (fattening day 39)...
May 11, 2018: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762525/electronic-magnetic-half-metallic-and-mechanical-properties-of-a-new-equiatomic-quaternary-heusler-compound-yrhtige-a-first-principles-study
#6
Yilin Han, Yang Wu, Tingzhou Li, R Khenata, Tie Yang, Xiaotian Wang
We apply First-principles theory to study the electronic structure as well as the magnetic and mechanical characteristics of YRhTiGe, a newly-designed Y-based quaternary equiatomic Heusler compound. This compound is half-metallic in nature with a ferromagnetic ground state. The total magnetic moment of YRhTiGe is 2 μB and it obeys the Slater-Pauling rule, Mt = Zt - 18, where Mt and Zt are the total magnetic moment and total number of valence electrons, respectively. The magnetic and half-metallic behaviors at its equilibrium and strained lattice constants have been discussed in detail...
May 15, 2018: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757663/bicipital-tendinopathy-and-carpal-valgus-following-a-distant-direct-thoracoabdominal-skin-flap-in-a-german-shepherd-with-necrotizing-fasciitis
#7
Benjamin Mielke, Nicola Kulendra, Zoe Halfacree, Elvin Kulendra
A 4 mo old German shepherd dog was presented following an acute onset lameness and swelling of the thoracic limb. Clinical signs, surgical findings, and culture results were consistent with a diagnosis of necrotizing fasciitis. Initial management consisted of extensive surgical debridement, wound lavage, and bandaging. Surgical closure was achieved with an axillary fold flap and distant direct single-pedicle thoracoabdominal flap. Three mo later, following deterioration of the lameness that was associated with carpal valgus, carpal subluxation, and tendinopathy of the distal radial insertion of the biceps brachii tendon, a closing wedge pancarpal arthrodesis and tenotomy of the biceps brachii tendon was performed...
May 14, 2018: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750845/ultrasonographic-variations-are-present-in-the-distal-sesamoidean-impar-ligament-of-clinically-sound-horses
#8
Jessica Lauren MacDonald, Ruth-Anne Richter, Christine L Wimer
Ultrasonography is an established diagnostic test for evaluating horses with foot pain due to suspected podotrochlear apparatus pathology. However, variations from the previously reported normal appearance of the distal sesamoidean impar ligament have not always coincided with lameness. The objective of this prospective, cross-sectional, descriptive study was to characterize variations in the ultrasonographic appearance of the distal sesamoidean impar ligament in sound horses using the transcuneal approach...
May 11, 2018: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750168/effect-of-icariin-on-tibial-dyschondroplasia-incidence-and-tibial-characteristics-by-regulating-p2rx7-in-chickens
#9
Hui Zhang, Khalid Mehmood, Xiong Jiang, Wangyuan Yao, Mujahid Iqbal, Kun Li, Xiaole Tong, Lei Wang, Meng Wang, Lihong Zhang, Fazul Nabi, Mujeeb Ur Rehman, Jiakui Li
Tibial dyschondroplasia (TD) is a disease of rapid growing chickens that occurs in many avian species; it is characterized by nonvascular and nonmineralized growth plates, along with tibia bone deformation and lameness. Icariin is widely used to treat bone diseases in humans, but no report is available regarding the effectiveness of icariin against avian TD. Therefore, this study was designed to determine its effect against TD. For this purpose, a total of 180 broiler chicks were distributed into three groups including control, TD, and icariin group...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747677/use-of-clinical-and-computed-tomography-findings-to-assess-long-term-unsatisfactory-outcome-after-femoral-head-and-neck-ostectomy-in-four-large-breed-dogs
#10
Ciprian Ober, Cosmin Pestean, Lucia Bel, Marian Taulescu, Joshua Milgram, Adrian Todor, Rodica Ungur, Mirela Leșu, Liviu Oana
Femoral head and neck ostectomy (FHNO) is a salvage surgical procedure intended to eliminate hip joint laxity associated pain in the immature dog, or pain due to secondary osteoarthritis in the mature dog. The outcome of the procedure is associated with the size of the dog but the cause of a generally poorer outcome in larger breeds has not been determined. The objective of this study was to assess the long-term results of FHNO associated with unsatisfactory functional outcome by means of clinical examination and computed tomography (CT) scanning...
May 10, 2018: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738101/evaluation-of-the-diagnostic-accuracy-of-skeletal-scintigraphy-in-lame-and-poorly-performing-sports-horses
#11
Laura E Quiney, Joanne L Ireland, Sue J Dyson
Skeletal scintigraphy is an established imaging modality, however, its validity as a diagnostic test in lame or poorly performing sports horses has not been determined. The objective of this retrospective cross-sectional analytical study was to determine the accuracy of skeletal scintigraphy as an indiscriminate screening test in sports horses. All sports horses that underwent scintigraphic examination between March 2008 and December 2014 for which a definitive diagnosis was reached were included. Examinations were evaluated blindly...
May 8, 2018: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733437/complex-mammary-carcinoma-with-metastases-to-lymph-nodes-subcutaneous-tissue-and-multiple-joints-in-a-dog
#12
Maggie R McCourt, Alexandra M Dieterly, Paige E Mackey, Shane D Lyon, Theresa E Rizzi, Jerry W Ritchey
An 8-year-old, intact female, mixed-breed dog presented to the Oklahoma State University Boren Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital for evaluation of progressive lameness and joint effusion of multiple joints. Physical examination revealed joint effusion of the elbow, hock, and stifle joints bilaterally, enlarged left axillary and right popliteal lymph nodes, a subcutaneous mass over the left elbow, and a subcutaneous mass involving the left second and third mammary glands. Cytologic examination of the mammary mass, enlarged lymph nodes, and joint fluid from most affected joints revealed a monomorphic population of loosely cohesive neoplastic epithelial cells...
May 7, 2018: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732489/the-use-of-antibiotics-in-cattle-in-north-east-benin-pharmaceutical-inventory-and-risk-practices-of-cattle-breeders
#13
S R Dognon, N Antoine-Moussiaux, C Douny, P Gustin, N Moula, M L Scippo, A K I Youssao
This study's aim is to inventory antibiotics used in cattle in North-East Benin and assess risk practices that could be the cause of both food chain contamination by antibiotic residues and selection of antibiotic-resistant bacteria in animals and humans. A survey was conducted among 98 cattle breeders in the districts of Banikoara, Kandi, Bembereke, and Kalale in North Benin. Semi-structured interviews were conducted, covering breeder status, breeding system, and antibiotic use. Multiple correspondence analysis and hierarchical classification analysis were conducted to establish a breeder typology...
May 7, 2018: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729412/sustained-intra-articular-release-of-celecoxib-in-an-equine-repeated-lps-synovitis-model
#14
Stefan M Cokelaere, Saskia G M Plomp, Esther de Boef, Mike de Leeuw, Sophie Bool, Chris H A van de Lest, P René van Weeren, Nicoline M Korthagen
Synovial inflammation is an important characteristic of arthritic disorders like osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. Orally administered non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as celecoxib are among the most widely prescribed drugs to manage these debilitating diseases. Intra-articular delivery in biodegradable in situ forming hydrogels overcomes adverse systemic effects and prolongs drug retention in the joint. In this study two formulations of celecoxib (40 mg/g and 120 mg/g) in a propyl-capped PCLA-PEG-PCLA triblock copolymer were sequentially evaluated in a multiple LPS challenge equine synovitis model...
May 2, 2018: European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727900/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-infraspinatus-tendon-bursa-ossification-in-a-eurasian-dog
#15
Julia Ungru, Stephan Hungerbühler, Wolfgang Henninger, Petra Klupiec, Julia Bödeker, Anna Langer, Michael Fehr, Oliver Harms
A 4-year-old male Eurasian Dog presented at our veterinary clinic with a history of perpetual forelimb lameness in both thoracic limbs. In the clinical exploration, direct pressure over the infraspinatus tendon of insertion caused pain in both thoracic forelimbs and a firm band-like structure was palpable. No improvement was observed after treatment with rest, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and an intralesional injection of a long-acting glucocorticoid. Radiographic examination, ultrasonographic exploration and computed tomography were performed, identifying ossified structures lateral to the proximal humerus and an irregular roughened periosteum at the insertion and tendon of the infraspinatus muscle on both sides...
April 2018: Tierärztliche Praxis. Ausgabe K, Kleintiere/Heimtiere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727876/-bone-sequestration-in-alpacas-in-germany-a-practice-report-with-12-cases
#16
Ralph Kobera, Henrik Wagner
Bone sequestration is relatively unknown in New-world camelids in Germany and is frequently wrongly addressed as neoplasia by veterinary practitioners. This clinical case report describes diagnosis and treatment for bone sequestration in alpacas based on 12 cases. The main symptom of the presented alpacas was moderate to severe lameness in one limb. Some of the patients had been treated with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs by the referring veterinarian. In eight alpacas, palpation of the swelling in the affected leg was painful and in five animals, exudation was observed...
April 2018: Tierärztliche Praxis. Ausgabe G, Grosstiere/Nutztiere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716596/assessment-of-static-posturography-and-pedobarography-for-the-detection-of-unilateral-forelimb-lameness-in-ponies
#17
Lidia Pitti, Maarten Oosterlinck, Maria L Díaz-Bertrana, José M Carrillo, Mónica Rubio, Joaquin Sopena, Angelo Santana, José M Vilar
BACKGROUND: Static posturography and pedobarography are based on the detection of postural imbalance and, consequently, the pressure redistribution between limbs in lame subjects. These techniques have proven to be useful for the detection of lameness in humans and dogs. The main objective of this study was to test the suitability of static posturography and pedobarography in diagnosing lameness in ponies. A pressure platform was used to obtain postural data (statokinesiograms, mean X and Y, length, LFS ratio, and mean velocity) from 10 sound ponies and 7 ponies with unilateral forelimb lameness...
May 2, 2018: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707919/optimising-lameness-detection-in-dairy-cattle-by-using-handheld-infrared-thermometers
#18
Yi-Chun Lin, Siobhan Mullan, David C J Main
Lameness is one of the most serious economic and welfare issues in the dairy industry. Early detection of lameness can be difficult, but provision of early treatment is crucial. Previous studies have used infrared thermography to show that increased foot temperature (FT) is associated with lameness and foot lesions. However, poor accuracy has limited the management application potential. This study analysed ambient-temperature (AT)-adjusted foot-surface temperatures and temperature differences between the hind feet of individual cows to enhance lameness detection...
April 29, 2018: Veterinary Medicine and Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707811/exploring-relationships-between-body-condition-score-body-fat-activity-level-and-inflammatory-biomarkers
#19
W Pearson, K Wood, S Stanley, J MacNicol
Obesity is associated with inflammatory disorders in humans, including degenerative joint disease. While obesity is endemic in horses, its relationship to equine degenerative joint disease has not been explored. The current study sought to describe relationships between: body weight (BW), body condition score (BCS), lameness grade (AAEP), total body fat mass (kg; FM) and fat per cent (FP) [multifrequency bioelectrical impedance analysis (mfBIA)], age, gender, activity level (AL), synovial fluid (SF) and plasma (PL) PGE2 and glycosaminoglycan (GAG) in horses...
April 29, 2018: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705427/use-of-novel-sensors-combining-local-positioning-and-acceleration-to-measure-feeding-behavior-differences-associated-with-lameness-in-dairy-cattle
#20
Z E Barker, J A Vázquez Diosdado, E A Codling, N J Bell, H R Hodges, D P Croft, J R Amory
Time constraints for dairy farmers are an important factor contributing to the under-detection of lameness, resulting in delayed or missed treatment of lame cows within many commercial dairy herds. Hence, a need exists for flexible and affordable cow-based sensor systems capable of monitoring behaviors such as time spent feeding, which may be affected by the onset of lameness. In this study a novel neck-mounted mobile sensor system that combines local positioning and activity (acceleration) was tested and validated on a commercial UK dairy farm...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
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