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Michael Fuchs, Ruizhi Liu, Ivan Malagoli Lanzoni, Goran Munivrana, Gunter Straub, Sho Tamaki, Kazuto Yoshida, Hui Zhang, Martin Lames
In table tennis, many different approaches to scientific founded match analysis have been developed since the first ones in the 1960s. The aim of this paper is to give a review on some of the most acknowledged methods of match analysis in table tennis. The first chapter presents a historical overview of match analysis from all over the world. The second part reviews different approaches to match analysis in more detail, using the performance analysis classification of theoretical and practical performance analysis...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
Mamoudou Sawadogo, Hamado Kafando, Salam Ouedraogo, Alexandre Stanislas Korsaga, Souleymane Ouedraogo, Sayouba Tinto, Anatole Jean Innocent Ouedraogo, Mohamed Tall, Songahir Christophe DA
Introduction: Head and neck resection of the femur was described by Girdlestone in 1928 in the treatment of coxalgia. Very invasive at the beginning, this intervention is much less so today, but the term of "Girdlestone's operation" or "Girdlestone's procedure" has remained in use. The reported results are controversial. In resource-limited countries, Girdlestone's procedure is often indicated for lack of a better one. In this context, we report the results of a series of 24 patients operated in a regional hospital (Ouahigouya, Burkina Faso) with the aim of showing that this technique remains valid and can be benefit...
2018: Open Orthopaedics Journal
Andy Morris, Kerstin Erles, Thomas W Maddox
A 2-year-old cat was presented with the complaint of acute-onset non-weight-bearing lameness of the right forelimb. When examined, the cat was of short stature and had multiple joint and cartilaginous abnormalities suggestive of chondrodysplasia. The cause of the acute lameness was radiographically identified as a displaced osseous fragment from the medial portion of the right humeral condyle. The features of the osseous fragment were consistent with an ununited medial condylar ossification centre of the distal humerus...
February 2018: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
Sarah L Pownder, Kei Hayashi, Brian G Caserto, Mary Lou Norman, Hollis G Potter, Matthew F Koff
OBJECTIVES:  The purpose of this study was to evaluate regional differences of canine stifle articular cartilage using the quantitative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technique of T2 mapping. METHODS:  Fourteen stifle joints from seven juvenile male Beagle dogs with no evidence or prior history of pelvic limb lameness were imaged ex vivo using standard of care fast spin echo MRI and quantitative T2 mapping protocols. Regions of interest were compared between the femoral, patellar and tibial cartilages, as well as between the lateral and medial femorotibial compartments...
February 2018: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
Stephan Bosch, Filipe Serra Bragança, Mihai Marin-Perianu, Raluca Marin-Perianu, Berend Jan van der Zwaag, John Voskamp, Willem Back, René van Weeren, Paul Havinga
In this paper, we describe and validate the EquiMoves system, which aims to support equine veterinarians in assessing lameness and gait performance in horses. The system works by capturing horse motion from up to eight synchronized wireless inertial measurement units. It can be used in various equine gait modes, and analyzes both upper-body and limb movements. The validation against an optical motion capture system is based on a Bland-Altman analysis that illustrates the agreement between the two systems. The sagittal kinematic results (protraction, retraction, and sagittal range of motion) show limits of agreement of ± 2...
March 13, 2018: Sensors
Christopher A Rajkumar, Sukhjinder S Nijjer, Graham D Cole, Rasha Al-Lamee, Darrel P Francis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
Esther Solomon Mshelia, Lawan Adamu, Yakaka Wakil, Usman Aliyu Turaki, Isa Adamu Gulani, Jasini Musa
The equine gut harbours complex microbial populations which influence physiology, metabolism, nutrition and immune functions, while disruption to the gut microbiota has been linked with conditions such as lameness, diabetes and obesity. Therefore, the present study was conducted to determine the association between microbial dysbiosis, sex, age and body condition scores (BCS) of horses (Equus equus caballus) in Maiduguri and its environs. Forty horses were assessed by convenient sampling, while faecal samples were collected and analyzed to determine the microbiomes in the various age groups with variable BSC in stallions and mares...
March 9, 2018: Microbial Pathogenesis
Selena Tinga, Stanley E Kim, Scott A Banks, Stephen C Jones, Brian H Park, Antonio Pozzi, Daniel D Lewis
BACKGROUND: Cranial cruciate ligament (CrCL) insufficiency is a degenerative condition that is a common cause of pelvic limb lameness and osteoarthritis in dogs. Surgical therapies developed to treat dogs with naturally occurring CrCL insufficiency aim to address the resultant instability, but the in-vivo alterations in stifle kinematics associated with CrCL insufficiency have not been accurately defined. The objective of this study was to quantify the 3-dimensional femorotibial joint kinematics of dogs with naturally occurring cranial cruciate ligament (CrCL) insufficiency during ambulation...
March 12, 2018: BMC Veterinary Research
Hui Zhang, Khalid Mehmood, Kun Li, Mujeeb U Rehman, Xiong Jiang, Shucheng Huang, Lei Wang, Lihong Zhang, Xiaole Tong, Fazul Nabi, Wangyuan Yao, Muhammad K Iqbal, Muhammad Shahzad, Jiakui Li
Tibial dyschondroplasia (TD) is main bone problem in fast growing poultry birds that effect proximal growth plate (GP) of tibia bone. TD is broadly defined as non-vascularized and non-mineralized, and enlarged GP with tibia bone deformation and lameness. Icariin ( Epimedium sagittatum ) is a traditional Chinese medicine, which is commonly practiced in the treatment of various bone diseases. Recently, many researcher reports about the beneficial effects of icariin in relation to various types of bone conditions but no report is available about promoting effect of icariin against TD...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
C Fischer-Tenhagen, M Ladwig-Wiegard, W Heuwieser, C Thöne-Reineke
The objective of this study was to evaluate hair cortisol concentration as an indicator for stress caused by chronic lameness in dairy cows. Sixty-eight cows were scored for lameness for 4 consecutive weeks. The hair of the tail switch was clipped at the beginning of the study and regrown hair was clipped after 4 wk. Hair samples were analyzed for cortisol concentration. Animals with 2 consecutive locomotion scores ≥3 or with an overall mean score >1.5 were classified as lame. After pair matching lame and nonlame cows, considering days in milk, lactation number, and milk yield, and excluding cows with less than 20 mg hair sample for analysis, 21 lame and 21 nonlame cows were included in the analysis...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
B Heringstad, C Egger-Danner, N Charfeddine, J E Pryce, K F Stock, J Kofler, A M Sogstad, M Holzhauer, A Fiedler, K Müller, P Nielsen, G Thomas, N Gengler, G de Jong, C Ødegård, F Malchiodi, F Miglior, M Alsaaod, J B Cole
Routine recording of claw health status at claw trimming of dairy cattle has been established in several countries, providing valuable data for genetic evaluation. In this review, we examine issues related to genetic evaluation of claw health; discuss data sources, trait definitions, and data validation procedures; and present a review of genetic parameters, possible indicator traits, and status of genetic and genomic evaluations for claw disorders. Different sources of data and traits can be used to describe claw health...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
Amanda K Doughty, Brian J Horton, Nguyen T D Huyen, C Rowdy Ballagh, Ross Corkrey, Geoff N Hinch
We investigated how individuality and lameness altered social organisation by assessing food-directed movement patterns in sheep. One hundred and ninety-six mature Merino ewes were walked in 16 different runs around a 1.1 km track following a food source. Flock position and lameness, were measured and temperament was assessed using an Isolation Box Test. The mean value for the correlations of position between a run and the run preceding it was r = 0.55 ± SEM 0.03. All correlations between runs were positive (r = 0...
March 7, 2018: Behavioural Processes
Niek Jozef Beijerink, Wilhelmina Bergmann, Viktor Szatmári
An 18-month-old male Akita Inu dog developed fever and lameness 8 months after successful transcatheter closure of a patent ductus arteriosus with an Amplatz Canine Duct Occluder (ACDO). Corynebacterium species were cultured from 3 blood samples. Echocardiography showed a vegetative process on the aortic valves. The dog died spontaneously 3 days after development of the initial signs. Necropsy confirmed the presence of bacterial ductal arteritis and myocarditis, and revealed an incomplete endothelialization of the intraductal metal implant...
March 10, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
C L Bailie, C Ijichi, N E O'Connell
Lower stocking densities (SD) are sometimes used in windowed houses for broilers as part of systems designed to produce high-welfare products. However, there is little scientific information on the effects of SD on welfare-related measures in broilers in windowed houses, and on whether these effects are influenced by environmental enrichment. Commercial windowed broiler chicken houses were assigned to 4 target SD (30, 32, 34, and 36 kg/m2) and 2 levels of access to string [+S (one piece per 1,000 birds/house), -S] in a 4 × 2 factorial arrangement...
March 5, 2018: Poultry Science
Tiago F Moreira, Elias J Facury Filho, Antônio U Carvalho, Mikael L Strube, Martin W Nielsen, Kirstine Klitgaard, Tim K Jensen
Digital dermatitis (DD) is one of the main causes of lameness in dairy cattle worldwide, and it is frequently reported in high-yielding, free stall dairy herds from regions with a temperate climate. However, DD is also observed with high prevalence in grazing cattle with a low milk yield in tropical regions. To clarify whether these differences have an impact on the etiology of the disease, we studied DD lesions from all year round grazing cattle of mixed breed in Brazil using high-throughput 16S rRNA gene sequencing and fluorescent in situ hybridization...
2018: PloS One
G A Carroll, L A Boyle, A Hanlon, M A Palmer, L Collins, K Griffin, D Armstrong, N E O'Connell
Background: Physiological measures indicative of the welfare status of animals during rearing could form part of an abattoir-based animal health and welfare assessment tool. A total of 66 pigs were used in this study, the aim of which was to assess how serum concentrations of haptoglobin (Hp) and C-reactive protein (CRP) (assessed in 51 pigs), and hair concentrations of cortisol (assessed in 65 pigs), measured at or close to slaughter, reflected welfare-related indicators recorded from the animal during its lifetime...
2018: Irish Veterinary Journal
Craig S McConnel, Ashleigh A McNeil, Joleen C Hadrich, Jason E Lombard, Jane Heller, Franklyn B Garry
Background: There is an increasing push for dairy production to be scientifically grounded and ethically responsible in the oversight of animal health and well-being. Addressing underlying challenges affecting the quality and length of productive life necessitates novel assessment and accountability metrics. Human medical epidemiologists developed the Disability-Adjusted Life Year metric as a summary measure of health addressing the complementary nature of disease and death. The goal of this project was to develop and implement a dairy Disease-Adjusted Lactation (DALact) summary measure of health, as a comparison against cumulative disease frequency...
2018: Irish Veterinary Journal
Luca Placidi, Emilio Barchiesi
In this paper, we exploit some results in the theory of irreversible phenomena to address the study of quasi-static brittle fracture propagation in a two-dimensional isotropic continuum. The elastic strain energy density of the body has been assumed to be geometrically nonlinear and to depend on the strain gradient. Such generalized continua often arise in the description of microstructured media. These materials possess an intrinsic length scale, which determines the size of internal boundary layers. In particular, the non-locality conferred by this internal length scale avoids the concentration of deformations, which is usually observed when dealing with local models and which leads to mesh dependency...
February 2018: Proceedings. Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
Xiaohong Li, Wenchao Li, Wuning Mo, Zheng Yang
RATIONALE: Both acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and Ewing sarcoma (ES) are small round cell tumors, and it is difficult to differential diagnose them because of overlapping clinical, radiographic, histologic, and immunophenotypic features. PATIENT'S CONCERNS: A 5-year-old boy was admitted to our hospital because of pains in his left leg without obvious inducement and lameness worsening with walking over a two 2-month period. DIAGNOSES: Based on the comprehensive analysis of radiography, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), pathology biopsy and immunohistochemistry, the lesion was confirmed to be ES...
January 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Wendy I Baltzer, Sarah Smith-Ostrin, Jennifer J Warnock, Craig G Ruaux
OBJECTIVE To assess clinical effects of an omega-3 fatty acid and protein-enriched diet, physical rehabilitation, or both in dogs following tibial plateau leveling osteotomy (TPLO) and arthroscopic surgery for cranial cruciate ligament (CCL) disease. DESIGN Randomized, prospective clinical trial. ANIMALS 48 dogs with unilateral CCL disease. PROCEDURES Dogs were randomly assigned to receive a dry omega-3 fatty acid and protein-enriched dog food formulated to support joint health (test food [TF]), a dry food formulated for maintenance of adult dogs (control food [CF]), TF plus rehabilitation (TF-R), or CF plus rehabilitation (CF-R)...
March 15, 2018: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
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