keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Lameness

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156585/pan-cellulosomics-of-mesophilic-clostridia-variations-on-a-theme
#1
Bareket Dassa, Ilya Borovok, Vincent Lombard, Bernard Henrissat, Raphael Lamed, Edward A Bayer, Sarah Moraïs
The bacterial cellulosome is an extracellular, multi-enzyme machinery, which efficiently depolymerizes plant biomass by degrading plant cell wall polysaccharides. Several cellulolytic bacteria have evolved various elaborate modular architectures of active cellulosomes. We present here a genome-wide analysis of a dozen mesophilic clostridia species, including both well-studied and yet-undescribed cellulosome-producing bacteria. We first report here, the presence of cellulosomal elements, thus expanding our knowledge regarding the prevalence of the cellulosomal paradigm in nature...
November 18, 2017: Microorganisms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153531/short-communication-detection-of-lameness-in-dairy-cows-using-a-grooming-device
#2
R Mandel, H Harazy, L Gygax, C J Nicol, A Ben-David, H R Whay, E Klement
Lameness in dairy cattle is a common welfare problem with significant economic implications. All too often, appropriate treatment is delayed or neglected due to insufficient detection of lame cows. Brush usage is considered a low-resilience activity; that is, one that typically decreases when energy resources are limited or when the cost involved in the activity increases, such as during sickness and stress. The aim of this study was to determine the association between brush usage and different degrees of lameness...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153174/a-100-year-review-animal-welfare-in-the-journal-of-dairy-science-the-first-100-years
#3
Marina A G von Keyserlingk, Daniel M Weary
This paper outlines the history and development of research in the area of animal welfare as reflected in the 100 yr that the Journal of Dairy Science has been published. The first paper using the term "animal welfare" was published in 1983; since then (to May 2017), 244 papers that reflect growing interest regarding how farm animals are cared for have been published. Much of the scientific work to date has focused on issues related to cow health, such as lameness, and methodologically many papers use behavioral measures...
December 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152248/nutritional-management-of-search-and-rescue-dogs
#4
G Vassalotti, N Musco, P Lombardi, S Calabrò, R Tudisco, V Mastellone, R Grazioli, S Bianchi, M I Cutrignelli
Dogs used for search and rescue (SAR) may experience continuous micro-traumas that predispose them to skeletal disorders. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of diet on osteo-articular apparatus in healthy SAR dogs. A total of sixteen SAR dogs were divided into two groups (low supplementation (LS) and high supplementation (HS)) and were fed for 3 months with two experimental diets, characterised by the same protein and energy density, but different in n-3 PUFA (6·2 v. 8·4 % of metabolisable energy), chondroitin sulfate (219·8 v...
2017: Journal of Nutritional Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149044/the-effect-of-hock-injury-laterality-and-lameness-on-lying-behaviors-and-lying-laterality-in-holstein-dairy-cows
#5
Nicole L Eberhart, Peter D Krawczel
Lactating dairy cattle divide their lying equally between their left side and their right side. However, discomfort, such as pregnancy and cannulation, can cause a cow to shift lying side preference. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of lameness and hock injuries on lying behaviors, particularly lying laterality, of lactating dairy cows. Cows from four commercial farms in eastern Croatia that had lying behavior data, health score data, and production records were used in the study. Health scores including hock injuries and locomotion were collected once per cow...
November 17, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145798/experimental-transmission-of-bovine-digital-dermatitis-to-sheep-development-of-an-infection-model
#6
Jennifer H Wilson-Welder, Jarlath E Nally, David P Alt, Mitchell V Palmer, John Coatney, Paul Plummer
Digital dermatitis is an infectious cause of lameness primarily affecting cattle but also described in sheep, goats, and wild elk. Digital dermatitis is a polymicrobial infection, involving several Treponema species and other anaerobic bacteria. Although the exact etiology has not been demonstrated, a number of bacterial, host, and environmental factors are thought to contribute to disease development. To study host-bacterial interactions, a reproducible laboratory model of infection is required. The objective of this study was to demonstrate key aspects of bovine digital dermatitis lesions in an easy-to-handle sheep model...
January 1, 2017: Veterinary Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145785/adenosine-deaminase-activity-in-pig-saliva-analytical-validation-of-two-spectrophotometric-assays
#7
Fernando Tecles, Camila P Rubio, María D Contreras-Aguilar, Marina López-Arjona, Silvia Martínez-Miró, Silvia Martínez-Subiela, José J Cerón
We validated 2 assays for the measurement of adenosine deaminase (ADA) activity in the saliva of pigs: the Giusti-Galanti manual method (ADA-GG) and a commercial automated assay (Diazyme Laboratories; ADA-D). Intra-assay coefficients of variation (CVs) were <7 and 9%, and interassay CVs were <12 and 5%, for ADA-GG and ADA-D, respectively. Accuracy was measured by 2 methods: recovery and linearity-under-dilution. Recovery was 82.4-106.8% for ADA-GG, and 92.8-107.9% for ADA-D. Serial dilutions showed R(2) > 0...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143705/rumination-time-and-monitoring-of-health-disorders-during-early-lactation
#8
S Paudyal, F P Maunsell, J T Richeson, C A Risco, D A Donovan, P J Pinedo
The objective was to evaluate the association between changes in daily rumination time (dRT) and early stages of disease during early lactation and to assess the performance of two proposed disease detection indices. This cohort study included 210 multiparous Holstein cows at the University of Florida Dairy Unit. Cows were affixed with a neck collar containing rumination loggers providing rumination time. The occurrence of health disorders (mastitis, metritis, clinical hypocalcemia, depression/dehydration/fever (DDF), digestive conditions, lameness and clinical ketosis) was assessed until 60 days in milk...
November 16, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138043/non-traumatic-limping-in-paediatric-emergencies-epidemiology-evaluation-and-results
#9
M I Lázaro Carreño, R Fraile Currius, A García Clemente
INTRODUCTION: Non-traumatic limping is a common reason for consultation in paediatric emergencies. Although transient synovitis of the hip (TS) is the most frequent diagnosis, there are cases of limping secondary to serious pathologies. The aim of this review is to describe the variables related to non-traumatic limp that come to the paediatric emergency department to establish the best management protocol, making the most of resources and speeding up emergency care. MATERIAL AND METHOD: A prospective study was conducted, selecting all children less than 15 years old who consulted aspaediatric emergencies for non-traumatic limping during the 2014...
November 11, 2017: Revista Española de Cirugía Ortopédica y Traumatología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130475/immunological-interaction-between-giardia-cyst-extract-and-experimental-toxoplasmosis
#10
Dalia S Ashour, Abeer E Saad, Lamees M Dawood, Yomna Zamzam
Toxoplasmosis is mostly associated with other intestinal parasitic infections especially Giardia due to shared mode of peroral infection. Toxoplasma and Giardia induce a strong T-helper 1- immune response. Our aim is to induce a protective immune response that results in significant impact on intestinal and extra-intestinal phases of Toxoplasma infection. This study was conducted in experimental animals and assessment of Giardia cyst extract effect on Toxoplasma infection was investigated by histopathological examination of small intestine and brain, Toxoplasma cyst count and iNOS staining of the brain, measurement of IFN-γ and TGF-β in intestinal tissues...
November 12, 2017: Parasite Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124354/parathyroid-thyroid-and-recurrent-laryngeal-nerve-anatomy-in-an-indian-rhinoceros-rhinoceros-unicornis
#11
R Udelsman, S B Citino, M Prasad, P I Donovan, D V Fredholm
INTRODUCTION: The parathyroid gland was first identified in the Indian rhinoceros in 1849 by Sir Richard Owen. We performed a necropsy in an Indian rhinoceros, recapitulating Owen's dissection and display what appear to be the initial identification of the recurrent laryngeal nerve in situ and the anatomy and histology of the largest rhinoceros parathyroid glands yet identified. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patrick T. Rhino, a 41-year-old Indian rhinoceros was born in 1974...
November 9, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113033/association-between-lameness-and-indicators-of-dairy-cow-welfare-based-on-locomotion-scoring-body-and-hock-condition-leg-hygiene-and-lying-behavior
#12
REVIEW
Mohammed B Sadiq, Siti Z Ramanoon, Wan Mastura Shaik Mossadeq, Rozaihan Mansor, Sharifah Salmah Syed-Hussain
Dairy cow welfare is an important consideration for optimal production in the dairy industry. Lameness affects the welfare of dairy herds by limiting productivity. Whilst the application of LS systems helps in identifying lame cows, the technique meets with certain constraints, ranging from the detection of mild gait changes to on-farm practical applications. Recent studies have shown that certain animal-based measures considered in welfare assessment, such as body condition, hock condition and leg hygiene, are associated with lameness in dairy cows...
November 5, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106897/estimation-and-validation-of-spatio-temporal-parameters-for-sprint-running-using-a-radio-based-tracking-system
#13
Thomas Seidl, Daniel Linke, Martin Lames
Spatio-temporal parameters like step length, step frequency and ground contact time are directly related to sprinting performance. There is still a lack of knowledge, however, on how these parameters interact. Recently, various algorithms for the automatic detection of step parameters during sprint running have been presented which have been based on data from motion capture systems, video cameras, opto-electronic systems or Inertial measurement units. However, all of these methods suffer from at least one of the following shortcomings: they are (a) not applicable for more than one sprinter simultaneously, (b) only capable of capturing a small volume or (c) do not provide accurate spatial parameters...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105868/successful-treatment-of-disseminated-nocardiosis-caused-by-nocardia-veterana-in-a-dog
#14
S Yaemsiri, J E Sykes
A 5-year-old male castrated Lhasa Apso cross was evaluated for a 1-month history of inappetence, lethargy, gagging, and progressive right thoracic limb lameness. Synovial fluid analysis revealed nonseptic suppurative inflammation, and a diagnosis of immune-mediated polyarthritis (IMPA) was made. After 3 months of treatment with prednisone and later cyclosporine, the dog developed multiple firm cutaneous and subcutaneous masses and a focal mass within the jejunum. Cultures of blood, urine, skin lesions, and the jejunal mass identified Nocardia veterana by matrix-absorption laser desorption ionization-time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) and allowed for earlier identification of the organism compared to more traditional secA1 gene sequencing...
November 4, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103705/genetic-analysis-of-efficiency-traits-in-austrian-dairy-cattle-and-their-relationships-with-body-condition-score-and-lameness
#15
A Köck, M Ledinek, L Gruber, F Steininger, B Fuerst-Waltl, C Egger-Danner
This study is part of a larger project whose overall objective was to evaluate the possibilities for genetic improvement of efficiency in Austrian dairy cattle. In 2014, a 1-yr data collection was carried out. Data from 6,519 cows kept on 161 farms were recorded. In addition to routinely recorded data (e.g., milk yield, fertility, disease data), data of novel traits [e.g., body weight (BW), body condition score (BCS), lameness score, body measurements] and individual feeding information and feed quality were recorded on each test-day...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103684/age-susceptibility-of-caesarian-derived-colostrum-deprived-pigs-to-mycoplasma-hyorhinis-challenge
#16
Brian Martinson, F C Minion, Jeremy Kroll, Joseph Hermann
Mycoplasma hyorhinis (MHR) is a major cause of lameness, arthritis, and polyserositis among growing pigs. Reduced performance and culling due to MHR infection result in economic losses in swine production. We have previously developed an MHR challenge model in seven week-old CDCD pigs using cell-associated challenge material which results in both severe pericarditis and lameness. In this study we sequentially challenged CDCD pigs at seven, ten, thirteen, and sixteen weeks of age. Lameness was observed in >60% of the animals in the first three age groups but only 33% in the oldest age group...
October 2017: Veterinary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103656/percutaneous-coronary-intervention-in-stable-angina-orbita-a-double-blind-randomised-controlled-trial
#17
Rasha Al-Lamee, David Thompson, Hakim-Moulay Dehbi, Sayan Sen, Kare Tang, John Davies, Thomas Keeble, Michael Mielewczik, Raffi Kaprielian, Iqbal S Malik, Sukhjinder S Nijjer, Ricardo Petraco, Christopher Cook, Yousif Ahmad, James Howard, Christopher Baker, Andrew Sharp, Robert Gerber, Suneel Talwar, Ravi Assomull, Jamil Mayet, Roland Wensel, David Collier, Matthew Shun-Shin, Simon A Thom, Justin E Davies, Darrel P Francis
BACKGROUND: Symptomatic relief is the primary goal of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in stable angina and is commonly observed clinically. However, there is no evidence from blinded, placebo-controlled randomised trials to show its efficacy. METHODS: ORBITA is a blinded, multicentre randomised trial of PCI versus a placebo procedure for angina relief that was done at five study sites in the UK. We enrolled patients with severe (≥70%) single-vessel stenoses...
November 1, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102143/farm-specific-economic-value-of-automatic-lameness-detection-systems-in-dairy-cattle-from-concepts-to-operational-simulations
#18
Tim Van De Gucht, Wouter Saeys, Jef Van Meensel, Annelies Van Nuffel, Jurgen Vangeyte, Ludwig Lauwers
Although prototypes of automatic lameness detection systems for dairy cattle exist, information about their economic value is lacking. In this paper, a conceptual and operational framework for simulating the farm-specific economic value of automatic lameness detection systems was developed and tested on 4 system types: walkover pressure plates, walkover pressure mats, camera systems, and accelerometers. The conceptual framework maps essential factors that determine economic value (e.g., lameness prevalence, incidence and duration, lameness costs, detection performance, and their relationships)...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101656/impact-of-enteric-health-and-mucosal-permeability-on-skeletal-health-and-lameness-in-poultry
#19
L R Bielke, B M Hargis, J D Latorre
Intestinal barrier leakage and/or altered gut microbial composition has been shown to markedly impact both osteoblast and osteoclast activities, systemically through circulation of gut immune cells and cytokines and locally by causing inflammation of extraintestinal organs such as the liver and bone marrow. Mild cases of heightened intestinal inflammation can cause bone loss in male mice in the absence of any overt nutritional deficiencies or weight loss, which has also been shown in chickens that have been infected with Salmonella...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097603/risk-of-iatrogenic-damage-to-the-sciatic-nerve-in-dairy-cattle
#20
Rosanna M Kirkwood, John G Remnant, Richard M Payne, Alan M Murphy, Wendela Wapenaar
Sciatic nerve damage in cattle could lead to pain, paralysis and lameness, creating welfare and productivity issues. Damage following intramuscular injection is highlighted in some clinical texts although there is no indication of prevalence. This cross-sectional study investigated the anatomical size and position of the sciatic nerve in four dairy cattle type cadavers. To evaluate the risk of iatrogenic damage, 54 participants placed needles in the dorsal gluteal region of two cadavers each, as per their routine intramuscular injection method...
November 2, 2017: Veterinary Record
keyword
keyword
71137
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"