keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

ApoC3

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701354/pleiotropic-effects-of-apolipoprotein-c3-on-hdl-functionality-and-adipose-tissue-metabolic-activity
#1
Evangelia Zvintzou, Marie Lhomme, Stella Chasapi, Serafoula Filou, Vassilis Theodoropoulos, Eva Xepapadaki, Anatol Kontush, George Spyroulias, Constantinos C Tellis, Alexandros D Tselepis, Caterina Constantinou, Kyriakos E Kypreos
Apolipoprotein C3 (APOC3) is produced mainly by the liver and intestine and approximately half of plasma APOC3 associates with HDL. Though it was believed that APOC3 associates with HDL by simple binding to pre-existing particles, recent data support that biogenesis of APOC3-containing HDL (APOC3-HDL) requires Abca1. Moreover, APOC3-HDL contributes to plasma triglyceride homeostasis, by preventing APOC3 association with triglyceride-rich lipoproteins. Interestingly, APOC3-HDL also shows positive correlation with the morbidly obese phenotype...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Lipid Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694296/apolipoprotein-c-iii-inhibits-triglyceride-hydrolysis-by-gpihbp1-bound-lpl
#2
Mikael Larsson, Christopher M Allan, Rachel S Jung, Patrick J Heizer, Anne P Beigneux, Stephen G Young, Loren G Fong
Apolipoprotein C-III (apoC-III) is often assumed to retard the intravascular processing of triglyceride-rich lipoproteins (TRLs) by inhibiting lipoprotein lipase (LPL), but that view is based largely on studies of free LPL. We now recognize that intravascular LPL is neither free nor loosely bound but instead is tightly bound to GPIHBP1 on endothelial cells. Here, we revisited the effects of apoC-III on LPL, focusing on apoC-III's capacity to affect the activity of GPIHBP1-bound LPL. We found that TRLs from APOC3 transgenic mice bound normally to GPIHBP1-bound LPL on cultured cells in vitro and to heart capillaries in vivo...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Lipid Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662995/simplifying-the-human-serum-proteome-for-discriminating-patients-with-bipolar-disorder-of-other-psychiatry-conditions
#3
Jemmyson Romário de Jesus, Rodrigo Moretto Galazzi, Tatiani Brenelli de Lima, Cláudio Eduardo Muller Banzato, Luiz Fernando de Almeida Lima E Silva, Clarissa de Rosalmeida Dantas, Fábio Cézar Gozzo, Marco Aurélio Zezzi Arruda
PURPOSE: An exploratory analysis using proteomic strategies in blood serum of patients with bipolar disorder (BD), and with other psychiatric conditions such as Schizophrenia (SCZ), can provide a better understanding of this disorder, as well as their discrimination based on their proteomic profile. METHODS: The proteomic profile of blood serum samples obtained from patients with BD using lithium or other drugs (N=14), healthy controls, including non-family (HCNF; N=3) and family (HCF; N=9), patients with schizophrenia (SCZ; N=23), and patients using lithium for other psychiatric conditions (OD; N=4) were compared...
June 26, 2017: Clinical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635360/the-association-between-apolipoprotein-a1-c3-a5-gene-cluster-promoter-polymorphisms-and-risk-of-ischemic-stroke-in-the-northern-chinese-han-population
#4
Yanzhe Wang, Fang Liu, Lei Li, Shumin Deng, Zhiyi He
Objective Given its effects on lipid metabolism, the apolipoprotein A1-C3-A5 ( APOA1-C3-A5) gene cluster is thought to play an important role in ischemic stroke pathogenesis. Here, we evaluated whether the APOA1-C3-A5 cluster is associated with ischemic stroke in the northern Chinese Han population. Methods This case-control study analyzed 812 patients with ischemic stroke and 844 healthy controls with regard to four APOA1-C3-A5 cluster promoter single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), rs670, rs2854116, rs2854117, and rs662799, using the SNaPshot Multiplex sequencing assay...
January 1, 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610615/quantitative-trait-loci-at-the-11q23-3-chromosomal-region-related-to-dyslipidemia-in-the-population-of-andhra-pradesh-india
#5
Rayabarapu Pranavchand, Battini Mohan Reddy
BACKGROUND: Given the characteristic atherogenic dyslipidemia of south Indian population and crucial role of APOA1, APOC3, APOA4 and APOA5 genes clustered in 11q23.3 chromosomal region in regulating lipoprotein metabolism and cholesterol homeostasis, a large number of recently identified variants are to be explored for their role in regulating the serum lipid parameters among south Indians. METHODS: Using fluidigm SNP genotyping platform, a prioritized set of 96 SNPs of the 11q23...
June 13, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599304/hdl-cholesterol-concentration-in-pregnant-chinese-han-women-of-late-second-trimester-associated-with-genetic-variants-in-cetp-abca1-apoc3-and-galnt2
#6
Mingxuan Cui, Wei Li, Liangkun Ma, Fan Ping, Juntao Liu, Xueyan Wu, Jiangfeng Mao, Xi Wang, Min Nie
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether HDL-C level in pregnant Chinese Han women of late second trimester correlated with loci in high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C)-related genes found in genome-wide association studies (GWAS). METHODS: Seven single-nucleotide polymorphisms (rs3764261 in CETP, rs1532085 in LIPC, rs7241918 in LIPG, rs1883025 in ABCA1, rs4225 in APOC3, rs1059611 in LPL, and rs16851339 in GALNT2) were genotyped using the Sequenom MassArray system for 1,884 pregnant women...
May 24, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595549/apoc-iii-antisense-oligonucleotides-a-new-option-for-the-treatment-of-hypertriglyceridemia
#7
Joel Schmitz, Ioanna Gouni-Berthold
Elevated triglyceride levels (higher than ~1000 mg/dL) are associated with an increased risk for pancreatitis. Apolipoprotein-CIII (apoC-III) plays a key role in the metabolism of triglycerides and triglyceride-rich lipoproteins. Loss of function mutations in the gene encoding apoC-III (APOC3) are associated with low triglyceride levels and a decreased risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD) while overexpression of APOC3 is associated with hypertriglyceridemia. Although many drugs such as fibrates, statins and omega-3 fatty acids modestly decrease triglyceride levels (and apoC-III concentrations), there are many patients who still have severe hypertriglyceridemia and are at increased risk for pancreatitis and potentially for CVD...
June 8, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548292/hypertriglyceridemic-acute-pancreatitis-in-an-emergency-department-the-typical-clinical-features-and-genetic-variants
#8
Wan Jun Chen, Xiao Fan Sun, Rui Xue Zhang, Min Jie Xu, Tong Hai Dou, Xiao Bin Zhang, Min Zhong, Wei Qiang Yang, Li Liu, Xiao Ye Lu, Chang Qing Zhu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical characteristics of hypertriglyceridemic acute pancreatitis (HTGAP), and the molecular foundation contributing to the hypertriglyceridemia in this group of patients. METHODS: Clinical data from 329 patients with AP were collected and analyzed. All the patients were divided into 1) HTGAP group (n = 40), with fasting serum triglyceride ≥ 500 mg/dL; and 2) NHTGAP group (n = 289). Next, the targeted next-generation sequencing was applied in 11 HTGAP patients to detect the genetic mutation associated with hypertriglyceridemia that included apolipoprotein A-5 (APOA5), apolipoprotein C-3 (APOC3), apolipoprotein E (APOE), BLK proto-oncogene, lipoprotein lipase (LPL), apolipoprotein C-2 (APOC2), glycosylphosphatidylinositol anchored high density lipoprotein binding protein-1(GPIHBP1), and lipase maturation factor-1(LMF1)...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496949/the-effect-of-interactions-of-single-nucleotide-polymorphisms-of-apoa1-apoc3-with-food-group-intakes-on-the-risk-of-metabolic-syndrome
#9
Firoozeh Hosseini-Esfahani, Parvin Mirmiran, Maryam S Daneshpour, Azadeh Mottaghi, Fereidoun Azizi
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to examine the interaction of dietary food groups and genetic variants of APOA1/APOC3, relative to Metabolic Syndrome (MetS) risk in adults. METHODS: In this matched nested case-control study, 414 MetS subjects and 414 controls were selected from among participants of Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study. Dietary intake was assessed with the use of a valid and reliable semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire. Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs), APOA1 (rs670, -75G>A and rs5069, +83C>T/APOC3 rs5128 C3238>G) were genotyped by the conventional polymerase chain reaction and restriction fragment length polymorphism...
April 2017: Avicenna Journal of Medical Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436483/itraq-based-proteomic-analysis-reveals-key-proteins-affecting-muscle-growth-and-lipid-deposition-in-pigs
#10
Zhixiu Wang, Peng Shang, Qinggang Li, Liyuan Wang, Yangzom Chamba, Bo Zhang, Hao Zhang, Changxin Wu
Growth rate and meat quality, two economically important traits in pigs, are controlled by multiple genes and biological pathways. In the present study, we performed a proteomic analysis of longissimus dorsi muscle from six-month-old pigs from two Chinese native mini-type breeds (TP and DSP) and two introduced western breeds (YY and LL) using isobaric tag for relative and absolute quantification (iTRAQ). In total, 4,815 peptides corresponding to 969 proteins were detected. Comparison of expression patterns between TP-DSP and YY-LL revealed 288 differentially expressed proteins (DEPs), of which 169 were up-regulated and 119 were down-regulated...
April 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419892/plasma-apolipoproteins-and-physical-and-cognitive-health-in-very-old-individuals
#11
Julia Muenchhoff, Fei Song, Anne Poljak, John D Crawford, Karen A Mather, Nicole A Kochan, Zixuan Yang, Julian N Trollor, Simone Reppermund, Kate Maston, Adam Theobald, Susanne Kirchner-Adelhardt, John B Kwok, Robyn L Richmond, Mark McEvoy, John Attia, Peter W Schofield, Henry Brodaty, Perminder S Sachdev
Apolipoproteins play a crucial role in lipid metabolism with implications in cardiovascular disease, obesity, diabetes, Alzheimer's disease, and longevity. We quantified 7 apolipoproteins in plasma in 1067 individuals aged 56-105 using immunoassays and explored relationships with APOE polymorphism ε2/3/4, vascular health, frailty, and cognition. ApoA1, ApoA2, ApoB, ApoC3, ApoE, ApoH, and ApoJ decreased from mid-life, although ApoE and ApoJ had U-shaped trends. Centenarians had the highest ApoE levels and the lowest frequency of APOE ε4 allele relative to younger groups...
March 1, 2017: Neurobiology of Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406212/human-knockouts-and-phenotypic-analysis-in-a-cohort-with-a-high-rate-of-consanguinity
#12
Danish Saleheen, Pradeep Natarajan, Irina M Armean, Wei Zhao, Asif Rasheed, Sumeet A Khetarpal, Hong-Hee Won, Konrad J Karczewski, Anne H O'Donnell-Luria, Kaitlin E Samocha, Benjamin Weisburd, Namrata Gupta, Mozzam Zaidi, Maria Samuel, Atif Imran, Shahid Abbas, Faisal Majeed, Madiha Ishaq, Saba Akhtar, Kevin Trindade, Megan Mucksavage, Nadeem Qamar, Khan Shah Zaman, Zia Yaqoob, Tahir Saghir, Syed Nadeem Hasan Rizvi, Anis Memon, Nadeem Hayyat Mallick, Mohammad Ishaq, Syed Zahed Rasheed, Fazal-Ur-Rehman Memon, Khalid Mahmood, Naveeduddin Ahmed, Ron Do, Ronald M Krauss, Daniel G MacArthur, Stacey Gabriel, Eric S Lander, Mark J Daly, Philippe Frossard, John Danesh, Daniel J Rader, Sekar Kathiresan
A major goal of biomedicine is to understand the function of every gene in the human genome. Loss-of-function mutations can disrupt both copies of a given gene in humans and phenotypic analysis of such 'human knockouts' can provide insight into gene function. Consanguineous unions are more likely to result in offspring carrying homozygous loss-of-function mutations. In Pakistan, consanguinity rates are notably high. Here we sequence the protein-coding regions of 10,503 adult participants in the Pakistan Risk of Myocardial Infarction Study (PROMIS), designed to understand the determinants of cardiometabolic diseases in individuals from South Asia...
April 12, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395986/a-decade-of-progress-on-the-genetic-basis-of-coronary-artery-disease-practical-insights-for-the-internist
#13
REVIEW
Domenico Girelli, Chiara Piubelli, Nicola Martinelli, Roberto Corrocher, Oliviero Olivieri
Clinicians are well aware of the importance of a positive family history for coronary artery disease (CAD). Nonetheless, elucidation of the genetic basis of CAD has long proven difficult. The scenario changed in the last decade through the application of modern genomic technologies, like genome-wide association studies (GWAS) and next generation sequencing (NGS). GWAS have discovered over 60 common variants highly associated with CAD. For predictive purposes, such variants have been used to build up Genetic Risk Scores (GRSs), but their incorporation into classical prediction models does not appear substantially outperform the simple addition of family history...
April 7, 2017: European Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336922/novel-and-traditional-lipid-related-biomarkers-and-their-combinations-in-predicting-coronary-severity
#14
Sha Li, Yuan-Lin Guo, Xi Zhao, Yan Zhang, Cheng-Gang Zhu, Na-Qiong Wu, Rui-Xia Xu, Ping Qing, Ying Gao, Xiao-Lin Li, Jing Sun, Geng Liu, Qian Dong, Jian-Jun Li
We investigated simultaneously traditional and novel lipid indices, alone or in combination, in predicting coronary severity assessed by Gensini score (GS) in 1605 non-lipid-lowering-drug-treated patients undergoing coronary angiography. Firstly, levels of triglycerides (TG), total cholesterol (TC), low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), non high density lipoprotein cholesterol (non-HDL-C), apolipoprotein (apo) B, lipoprotein (a) [Lp(a)], proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9), apoC3, small dense LDL (sdLDL) and large HDL were increased, while HDL-C and apoA1 levels were decreased as GS status (all p for trend <0...
March 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255847/n-3-benzoylphenyl-1h-indole-2-carboxamide-decreases-triglyceride-levels-by-downregulation-of-apoc3-gene-expression-in-acute-hyperlipidemic-rat-model
#15
Lama Hamadneh, Luay Al-Essa, Suhair Hikmat, Tariq Al-Qirim, Ghassan Abu Sheikha, Yusuf Al-Hiari, Nisrin Azmy, Ghassan Shattat
Hyperlipidemia is a known cause of coronary vascular diseases, which is a major cause of death in many parts of the world. Targeting several pathways that lead to increase in lipid profiles is of great potential to control diseases. 1H-indole-2-carboxamide derivatives were tested for their hypolipidemic activity at the molecular level in comparison with bezafibrate. The gene expression profiles of lipoprotein signaling and cholesterol metabolism and fatty acid metabolism PCR arrays were determined in rats with acute hyperlipidemia induced by Triton WR1339...
March 2, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188435/marked-increase-in-urinary-excretion-of-apolipoproteins-in-children-with-nephrolithiasis-associated-with-hypercalciuria
#16
Larisa Kovacevic, Hong Lu, Joseph A Caruso, Tuhina Govil-Dalela, Ronald Thomas, Yegappan Lakshmanan
BACKGROUND: Using a proteomic approach, we aimed to identify and compare the urinary excretion of proteins involved in lipid transport and metabolism in children with kidney stones and hypercalciuria (CAL), hypocitraturia (CIT), and normal metabolic work-up (NM), and in healthy controls (HCs). Additionally, we aimed to confirm these results using ELISA, and to examine the relationship between the urinary excretion of selected proteins with demographic, dietary, blood, and urinary parameters...
June 2017: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139241/a-population-based-study-on-congenital-disorders-of-protein-n-and-combined-with-o-glycosylation-experience-in-clinical-and-genetic-diagnosis
#17
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Celia Pérez-Cerdá, Ma Luisa Girós, Mercedes Serrano, M Jesús Ecay, Laura Gort, Belén Pérez Dueñas, Celia Medrano, Alfredo García-Alix, Rafael Artuch, Paz Briones, Belén Pérez
OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical, biochemical, and genetic features of patients with congenital disorders of glycosylation (CDG) identified in Spain during the last 20 years. STUDY DESIGN: Patients were selected among those presenting with multisystem disease of unknown etiology. The isoforms of transferrin and of ApoC3 and dolichols were analyzed in serum; phosphomannomutase and mannosephosphate isomerase activities were measured in fibroblasts. Conventional or massive parallel sequencing (customized panel or Illumina Clinical-Exome Sequencing TruSight One Gene Panel) was used to identify genes and mutations...
April 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115523/apoc3-protein-is-not-a-predisposing-factor-for-fat-induced-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-mice
#18
Xiaoyun Cheng, Jun Yamauchi, Sojin Lee, Ting Zhang, Zhenwei Gong, Radhika Muzumdar, Shen Qu, H Henry Dong
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), characterized by excessive fat accumulation in liver, is prevalent in obesity. Genetic factors that link obesity to NAFLD remain obscure. Apolipoprotein C3 (APOC3) is a lipid-binding protein with a pivotal role in triglyceride metabolism. Humans with APOC3 gain-of-function mutations and mice with APOC3 overproduction are associated with hypertriglyceridemia. Nonetheless, it remains controversial whether APOC3 is culpable for diet-induced NAFLD. To address this fundamental issue, we fed APOC3-transgenic and wild-type littermates a high fructose diet or high fat diet, followed by determination of the effect of APOC3 on hepatic lipid metabolism and inflammation and the progression of NAFLD...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843478/serum-protein-kng1-apoc3-and-pon1-as-potential-biomarkers-for-yin-deficiency-heat-syndrome
#19
Changming Liu, Liangen Mao, Zepeng Ping, Tingting Jiang, Chong Wang, Zhongliang Chen, Zhongjie Li, Jicheng Li
Yin-deficiency-heat (YDH) syndrome is a concept in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) for describing subhealth status. However, there are few efficient diagnostic methods available for confirming YDH syndrome. To explore the novel method for diagnosing YDH syndrome, we applied iTRAQ to observe the serum protein profiles in YDH syndrome rats and confirmed protein levels by ELISA. A total of 92 differentially expressed proteins (63 upregulated proteins and 29 downregulated proteins), which were mainly involved in complement and coagulation cascades and glucose metabolism pathway, were identified by the proteomic experiments...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27794214/lack-of-evidence-for-a-liver-or-intestinal-mirna-regulation-involved-in-the-hypertriglyceridemic-effect-of-apoc3-3-utr-variant-ssti
#20
Marine Dancer, Cyrielle Caussy, Mathilde Di Filippo, Philippe Moulin, Christophe Marçais, Sybil Charrière
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: APOC3 is a major regulator of triglycerides metabolism. Several APOC3 variants are associated with hypertriglyceridemia (HTG). Our aim was to establish the potential regulation of APOC3 3'UTR variants associated with HTG by liver or intestinal miRNAs. METHODS: We sequenced APOC3 3'UTR in 100 type 2 diabetic (TD2) patients with severe HTG (TG > 15 mmol/L) (HTG group) compared to 100 normotriglyceridemic patients (NTG group). We performed in silico studies to identify potential loss of miRNA binding induced by APOC3 3'UTR variants...
December 2016: Atherosclerosis
keyword
keyword
71129
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"