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Honglei Tu, Bo Lei, Shan Meng, Hailing Liu, Yongchang Wei, Aili He, Wanggang Zhang, Fuling Zhou
We assessed the clinical effectiveness and safety of CKI (compound Kushen injection) plus standard induction chemotherapy for treating adult acute leukemia (AL). We randomly assigned 332 patients with newly diagnosed AL to control (n = 165, receiving DA (daunorubicin and cytarabine) or hyper-CVAD (fractionated cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and dexamethasone)) or treatment (n = 167, receiving CKI and DA or hyper-CVAD) groups. Posttreatment, treatment group CD3+, CD4+, CD4+/CD8+, natural killer (NK) cell, and immunoglobulin (IgG, IgA, and IgM) levels were significantly higher than those of the control group (p < 0...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
Amanda J Ullman, Marie Cooke, Tricia Kleidon, Claire M Rickard
AIM: To identify the prevalence, management and complications associated with central venous access devices (CVADs) within Australian paediatric facilities, providing a map for clinicians, researchers and managers to focus solutions. METHODS: A point prevalence audit and survey of CVAD practices in Australian tertiary paediatric hospitals between September and November 2015, using validated data collection tools. RESULTS: Across the six sites, 1027 patients were screened with CVADs prevalent in 26...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
Chen Tian, Yizhuo Zhang
INTRODUCTION: Most primary stomach lymphomas are now recognized to originate from B-cell. Primary gastric anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-negative anaplastic large-cell lymphoma (ALCL) as shown in this case is very rare. CASE REPORT: A 59-year-old man presented with a 1-month history of epigastric pain. Computed tomography showed a tumor in the stomach with perigastric lymphadenopathy. Biopsy of the tumor with gastroendoscopy showed ALCL. Bone marrow aspiration and trephine biopsy showed no infiltration...
2016: OncoTargets and Therapy
Aurelia B Fu, Erica I Hodgman, Lorraine S Burkhalter, Rachel Renkes, Tamra Slone, Adam C Alder
BACKGROUND: Central venous access devices (CVADs) play an important role in the management of pediatric oncology patients; unfortunately, they are also associated with potentially serious complication rates. We hypothesized that, despite the significantly different disease courses typical of acute lymphoblastic leukemia and acute myelogenous leukemia, there would be identifiable risk factors for premature CVAD removal. METHODS: We retrospectively studied clinical characteristics and procedure records for all patients admitted with a leukemia diagnosis at our institution from May 2009 to July 2014...
October 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
Marlene Biermayr, Barbara Brunner, Kathrin Maurer, Rudolf Trawoeger, Ursula Kiechl-Kohlendorfer, Vera Neubauer
BACKGROUND: Thrombosis in neonates is commonly a central venous access device (CVAD) associated complication. Furthermore, a patent foramen ovale (PFO) is frequently seen in preterm infants. Even though a coincidence of both is not unusual, detaching of the thrombus and organisation of an aortic embolism has not been described until now. Treatment recommendations of CVAD-associated thrombosis in neonates do not consider frequently seen complications of preterm infants e.g. intraventricular haemorrhage...
2016: BMC Pediatrics
Yukako Maeda-Sakagami, Yasuhiro Tanaka, Yusuke Koba, Isaku Shinzato, Takayuki Ishikawa
A 48-year-old man was transferred to our emergency room because of sudden-onset epigastric pain and nausea. Abdominal contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) showed splenomegaly with splenic infarction and intra-abdominal bleeding, suggestive of splenic rupture. An emergent open splenectomy was performed. His spleen was markedly swollen and showed continuous bleeding due to a laceration. On histopathological examination, his spleen was filled with abnormal tumor cells. He was diagnosed as having mantle cell lymphoma based on the findings of immunohistochemical and cytogenetic analyses of the spleen...
August 2016: [Rinshō Ketsueki] the Japanese Journal of Clinical Hematology
Darko A Antic, Vojin M Vukovic, Jelena D Milosevic Feenstra, Robert Kralovics, Andrija D Bogdanovic, Marija S Dencic Fekete, Biljana S Mihaljevic
8p11 myeloproliferative syndrome (EMS) is a very rare clinicopathological entity which is characterized by the appearance of a myeloproliferative neoplasm in the bone marrow, peripheral lymphadenopathy, usually caused by T or B lymphoblastic lymphoma/leukemia, and a reciprocal translocation involving chromosome 8p11. Herein we describe a 22-year-old male patient with unusual clinical presentation of EMS. Namely, he initially presented with prolonged epistaxis. Complete blood count showed elevated hemoglobin (17...
May 2016: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
T T Win, Z Kamaludin, A Husin
Primary mediastinal large B-cell lymphoma (PMLBL) is an uncommon non-Hodgkin lymphoma with a distinct clinicopathological entity in the WHO classification of lymphoid malignancies. It is known to originate from B-cells of the thymus. It mimics thymic neoplasms and other lymphomas clinically and histopathologically. We reported a 33-year-old obese man who presented with shortness of breath off and on for 4 years. Radiologically, there was a huge anterior mediastinal mass. Tru-cut biopsy was initially diagnosed as type-A thymoma...
August 2016: Malaysian Journal of Pathology
Jessica C Roediger, Alexander C Outhred, Bruce Shadbolt, Philip N Britton
AIM: We aimed to describe the clinical epidemiology of Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia (SAB) at a large, tertiary/quaternary children's hospital in Australia. METHODS: We performed a retrospective chart review of SAB cases at the Children's Hospital at Westmead (CHW) over 5 years; 2006-2011. We compared frequency, clinical profile and outcomes of SAB with published data from CHW; 1994-1998. We compared health-care associated with community-associated (HCA-SAB and CA-SAB; defined epidemiologically) and methicillin-resistant with methicillin susceptible S...
August 27, 2016: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
C M Rickard, M Edwards, A J Spooner, G Mihala, N Marsh, J Best, T Wendt, I Rapchuk, S Gabriel, B Thomson, A Corley, J F Fraser
PURPOSE: To improve jugular central venous access device (CVAD) securement, prevent CVAD failure (composite: dislodgement, occlusion, breakage, local or bloodstream infection), and assess subsequent trial feasibility. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Study design was a 4-arm, parallel, randomized, controlled, nonblinded, pilot trial. Patients received CVAD securement with (i) suture+bordered polyurethane (suture + BPU; control), (ii) suture+absorbent dressing (suture + AD), (iii) sutureless securement device+simple polyurethane (SSD+SPU), or (iv) tissue adhesive+simple polyurethane (TA+SPU)...
June 21, 2016: Journal of Critical Care
Koji Sasaki, Elias J Jabbour, Farhad Ravandi, Nicholas J Short, Deborah A Thomas, Guillermo Garcia-Manero, Naval G Daver, Tapan M Kadia, Marina Y Konopleva, Nitin Jain, Ghayas C Issa, Vicki Jeanis, Haim G Moore, Rebecca S Garris, Naveen Pemmaraju, Jorge E Cortes, Susan M O'Brien, Hagop M Kantarjian
BACKGROUND: The clinical efficacy of hyperfractionated cyclophosphamide, vincristine, doxorubicin, and dexamethasone (HCVAD) plus ponatinib has not been compared with that of HCVAD plus dasatinib in patients with Philadelphia chromosome-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (Ph+ ALL) in a randomized clinical trial. METHODS: The authors analyzed 110 patients with newly diagnosed Ph+ ALL who were enrolled in 2 consecutive, prospective, phase 2 clinical trials of frontline HCVAD with either dasatinib (63 patients) or ponatinib (47 patients)...
August 1, 2016: Cancer
Rafet Eren, Ceyda Aslan, Osman Yokuş, Mehmet Hilmi Doğu, Elif Suyani
T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is an aggressive hematological malignancy, accounting for ~25% of all adult cases of ALL. We herein report a case of T-cell ALL exhibiting aberrant CD34, CD56, CD33 and CD117 expression in addition to T-cell markers, which did not respond to induction treatment. A 55-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital with a sore throat unresponsive to medication for 1 month. The laboratory examination revealed pancytopenia and the peripheral blood smear examination revealed blast cells...
August 2016: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
Kehai Gao, Hongtao Li, Caihong Huang, Huazhuang Li, Jun Fang, Chen Tian
INTRODUCTION: Anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL) is a type of non-Hodgkin lymphoma that has strong expression of CD30. ALCL can sometimes involve the bone marrow, and in advanced stages, it can produce destructive extranodal lesions. But anaplastic large cell lymphoma kinase (ALK)+ ALCL with soft tissue involvement is very rare. CASE REPORT: A 35-year-old woman presented with waist pain for over 1 month. The biopsy of soft tissue lesions showed that these cells were positive for ALK-1, CD30, TIA-1, GranzymeB, CD4, CD8, and Ki67 (90%+) and negative for CD3, CD5, CD20, CD10, cytokeratin (CK), TdT, HMB-45, epithelial membrane antigen (EMA), and pan-CK, which identified ALCL...
2016: OncoTargets and Therapy
Myrna Candelaria, Juan Ojeda, Olga Gutiérrez-Hernández, Lucia Taja-Chayeb, Silvia Vidal-Millán, Alfonso Dueñas-González
BACKGROUND: Hyper-CVAD is the treatment for patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia in our institution. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of single nucleotide polymorphisms at genes associated with methotrexate metabolism on survival. METHODS: The presence of the single nucleotide polymorphisms G80A at reduced folate carrier-1 gene and C677T in the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase gene was determined by denaturing high performance liquid chromatography and validated by sequencing...
May 2016: Revista de Investigación Clínica; Organo del Hospital de Enfermedades de la Nutrición
Arne Simon, Rhoikos Furtwängler, Norbert Graf, Hans Jürgen Laws, Sebastian Voigt, Brar Piening, Christine Geffers, Philipp Agyeman, Roland A Ammann
Pediatric patients receiving conventional chemotherapy for malignant disease face an increased risk of bloodstream infection (BSI). Since BSI may represent an acute life-threatening event in patients with profound immunosuppression, and show further negative impact on quality of life and anticancer treatment, the prevention of BSI is of paramount importance to improve and guarantee patients' safety during intensive treatment. The great majority of all pediatric cancer patients (about 85%) have a long-term central venous access catheter in use (type Broviac or Port; CVAD)...
2016: GMS Hygiene and Infection Control
Amanda J Ullman, Tricia Kleidon, Victoria Gibson, Debbie A Long, Tara Williams, Craig A McBride, Andrew Hallahan, Gabor Mihala, Marie Cooke, Claire M Rickard
INTRODUCTION: Paediatric central venous access devices (CVADs) are associated with a 25% incidence of failure. Securement and dressing are strategies used to reduce failure and complication; however, innovative technologies have not been evaluated for their effectiveness across device types. The primary aim of this research is to evaluate the feasibility of launching a full-scale randomised controlled efficacy trial across three CVAD types regarding CVAD securement and dressing, using predefined feasibility criteria...
2016: BMJ Open
Andrés E Quesada, Huifei Liu, Roberto N Miranda, Natalia Golardi, Shahreen Billah, L Jeffrey Medeiros, Jesse Manuel Jaso
Burkitt lymphoma presenting in the thyroid gland is rare, and only a few cases have been reported. We retrospectively reviewed 7 patients diagnosed with Burkitt lymphoma of the thyroid gland between 2000 and 2015. There were 4 men and 3 women with a median age of 41 years (range, 19-49 years). All patients presented with a rapidly growing neck mass associated with upper airway compression in 5 (71%) patients. Two patients presented with localized (stage I/II) and 5 patients with disseminated (stage III/IV) disease...
October 2016: Human Pathology
Nicholas J Short, Elias Jabbour, Koji Sasaki, Keyur Patel, Susan M O'Brien, Jorge E Cortes, Rebecca Garris, Ghayas C Issa, Guillermo Garcia-Manero, Rajyalakshmi Luthra, Deborah Thomas, Hagop Kantarjian, Farhad Ravandi
The impact of achieving complete molecular response (CMR) in Philadelphia chromosome-positive (Ph(+)) acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) remains undefined. We evaluated the impact of CMR on outcomes among 85 patients with Ph(+) ALL who received first-line hyperfractionated cyclophosphamide, vincristine, doxorubicin, and dexamethasone alternating with methotrexate and high-dose cytarabine plus a tyrosine kinase inhibitor, had minimal residual disease (MRD) assessments for BCR-ABL1 by quantitative polymerase chain reaction at complete remission (CR) and at 3-month time points, and did not undergo allogeneic stem cell transplantation (SCT)...
July 28, 2016: Blood
Susan M Joseph, Meredith A Brisco, Monica Colvin, Kathleen L Grady, Mary Norine Walsh, Jennifer L Cook
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this analysis was to assess survival differences between men and women supported with Impella 2.5 (Abiomed Inc., Danvers) in the setting of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) complicated by cardiogenic shock (CS). BACKGROUND: Data on sex differences in outcomes of CS with mechanical circulatory support are sparse. METHODS: Patients enrolled in the cVAD Registry who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and Impella 2...
June 2016: Journal of Interventional Cardiology
Amanda J Ullman, Marie L Cooke, Marion Mitchell, Frances Lin, Karen New, Debbie A Long, Gabor Mihala, Claire M Rickard
OBJECTIVES: To compare the available dressing and securement devices for central venous access devices (CVADs). DESIGN: Systematic review of randomised controlled trials. DATA SOURCES: Cochrane Wounds Group Specialised Register, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, the Database of Abstracts of Reviews and of Effects, NHS Economic Evaluation Database, Ovid MEDLINE, CINAHL, EMBASE, clinical trial registries and reference lists of identified trials...
July 2016: International Journal of Nursing Studies
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