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massive rotator cuff

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526423/pseudoparalysis-a-systematic-review-of-term-definitions-treatment-approaches-and-outcomes-of-management-techniques
#1
REVIEW
John M Tokish, Thomas C Alexander, Michael J Kissenberth, Richard J Hawkins
BACKGROUND: Pseudoparalysis remains one of the most challenging conditions in shoulder surgery. Long thought of as an unsolvable problem, recent advances in surgical techniques offer potential return of overhead motion in the setting of massive irreparable rotator cuff tears. This article summarizes the available literature including existing definitions and the results of different treatment approaches regarding range of motion, outcome scores, and reversal. METHODS: In accordance with Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines, a systematic review of the MEDLINE database, Cochrane database, Physiotherapy Evidence Database, and Google Scholar database was performed for studies that defined a preoperative shoulder group as having pseudoparalysis...
June 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495576/quantitative-assessment-of-fatty-infiltration-and-muscle-volume-of-the-rotator-cuff-muscles-using-3-dimensional-2-point-dixon-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#2
Noboru Matsumura, Sota Oguro, Shigeo Okuda, Masahiro Jinzaki, Morio Matsumoto, Masaya Nakamura, Takeo Nagura
BACKGROUND: In patients with rotator cuff tears, muscle degeneration is known to be a predictor of irreparable tears and poor outcomes after surgical repair. Fatty infiltration and volume of the whole muscles constituting the rotator cuff were quantitatively assessed using 3-dimensional 2-point Dixon magnetic resonance imaging. METHODS: Ten shoulders with a partial-thickness tear, 10 shoulders with an isolated supraspinatus tear, and 10 shoulders with a massive tear involving supraspinatus and infraspinatus were compared with 10 control shoulders after matching age and sex...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483430/volumetric-evaluation-of-the-rotator-cuff-musculature-in-massive-rotator-cuff-tears-with-pseudoparalysis
#3
Yong Girl Rhee, Nam Su Cho, Jong Hoon Song, Jung Gwan Park, Tae Yong Kim
BACKGROUND: If the balance of the rotator cuff force couple is disrupted, pseudoparalysis may occur, but the exact mechanism remains unknown. This study investigated the effect of rotator cuff force couple disruption on active range of motion in massive rotator cuff tear (mRCT) by rotator cuff muscle volume analysis. METHODS: The study included 53 patients with irreparable mRCT: 22 in the nonpseudoparalysis group and 31 in the pseudoparalysis group. The volumes of the subscapularis (SBS), infraspinatus (ISP), and teres minor (TM) muscles were measured using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and the ratios of each muscle volume to the anatomic external rotator (aER) volume were calculated...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444541/reverse-shoulder-arthroplasty-for-massive-irreparable-rotator-cuff-tears-and-cuff-tear-arthropathy-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
S Petrillo, U G Longo, R Papalia, V Denaro
PURPOSE: To report the outcomes and complications of reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA) in massive irreparable rotator cuff tears (MIRCT) and cuff tear arthropathy (CTA). METHODS: A systematic review of the literature contained in Medline, Cochrane, EMBASE, Google Scholar and Ovid databases was conducted on May 1, 2016, according to PRISMA guidelines. The key words "reverse total shoulder arthroplasty" or "reverse total shoulder prostheses" with "rotator cuff tears"; "failed rotator cuff surgery"; "massive rotator cuff tears"; "irreparable rotator cuff tears"; "cuff tear arthropathy"; "outcomes"; "complications" were matched...
April 25, 2017: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427120/-arthroscopic-treatment-of-eldly-with-massive-rotator-cuff-tear
#5
J Shen, Y H He, D C Geng, D H Jiang, Y Z Xu
Objective: To investigate the surgical technique and clinical efficacy of arthroscopic treatment of the elderly patients with massive rotator cuff tear. Methods: From June 2012 to June 2015, thirty-six patients with massive rotator cuff tear were treated with arthroscopic and followed up. The visual analog scale(VAS)pain score, University of California Los Angeles (UCLA) scores, Constant scores and American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons scale(ASES)were used before and after the arthroscopic surgery. Results: All the patients were followed up for average of 18...
April 18, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400882/suprascapular-nerve-pathology-a-review-of-the-literature
#6
REVIEW
Lazaros Kostretzis, Ioannis Theodoroudis, Achilleas Boutsiadis, Nikolaos Papadakis, Pericles Papadopoulos
BACKGROUND: Suprascapular nerve pathology is a rare diagnosis that is increasingly gaining popularity among the conditions that cause shoulder pain and dysfunction. The suprascapular nerve passes through several osseoligamentous structures and can be compressed in several locations. METHODS: A thorough literature search was performed using online available databases in order to carefully define the pathophysiology and to guide diagnosis and treatment. RESULTS: Suprascapular neuropathy diagnosis is based on a careful history and a thorough clinical and radiological examination...
2017: Open Orthopaedics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400877/latissimus-dorsi-transfer-in-posterior-irreparable-rotator-cuff-tears
#7
REVIEW
Panagiotis P Anastasopoulos, George Alexiadis, Sarantis Spyridonos, Emmanouil Fandridis
BACKGROUND: Massive rotator cuff tears pose a difficult and complex challenge even for the experienced surgeon; inability to repair these tears by conventional means designates them as irreparable, while management becomes quite taxing. Several operative options have been suggested for the management of such lesions with varying degrees of success, while it is imperative to match patient demands and expectations to the predicted outcome. METHODS: Research articles are examined and key concepts are discussed, in order to provide an evidence based review of the available literature...
2017: Open Orthopaedics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378277/classifications-in-brief-hamada-classification-of-massive-rotator-cuff-tears
#8
Tyler J Brolin, Gary F Updegrove, John G Horneff
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 4, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373953/arthroscopic-partial-repair-of-irreparable-massive-rotator-cuff-tears
#9
Roberto Castricini, Olimpio Galasso, Daria Anna Riccelli, Filippo Familiari, Massimo De Benedetto, Nicola Orlando, Giorgio Gasparini
Several treatment options for chronic, massive rotator cuff tears exist, and they include debridement with possible biceps tenotomy or tenodesis, open or arthroscopic partial repair, muscle or tendon transfer, superior capsule reconstruction, synthetic patch augmentation, and reverse total shoulder arthroplasty. The aim of this technique article is to describe our preferred surgical option for irreparable, massive rotator cuff tears with an irreparable supraspinatus, a reparable infraspinatus, and an intact or reparable subscapularis tendon...
February 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369135/engineered-stem-cell-niche-matrices-for-rotator-cuff-tendon-regenerative-engineering
#10
M Sean Peach, Daisy M Ramos, Roshan James, Nicole L Morozowich, Augustus D Mazzocca, Steven B Doty, Harry R Allcock, Sangamesh G Kumbar, Cato T Laurencin
Rotator cuff (RC) tears represent a large proportion of musculoskeletal injuries attended to at the clinic and thereby make RC repair surgeries one of the most widely performed musculoskeletal procedures. Despite the high incidence rate of RC tears, operative treatments have provided minimal functional gains and suffer from high re-tear rates. The hypocellular nature of tendon tissue poses a limited capacity for regeneration. In recent years, great strides have been made in the area of tendonogenesis and differentiation towards tendon cells due to a greater understanding of the tendon stem cell niche, development of advanced materials, improved scaffold fabrication techniques, and delineation of the phenotype development process...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345960/graft-utilization-in-the-bridging-reconstruction-of-irreparable-rotator-cuff-tears-a-systematic-review
#11
Matthew R Lewington, Devin P Ferguson, T Duncan Smith, Robert Burks, Catherine Coady, Ivan Ho-Bun Wong
BACKGROUND: Rotator cuff tears are one of the most common conditions affecting the shoulder. Because of the difficulty in managing massive rotator cuff tears and the inability of standard techniques to prevent arthropathy, surgeons have developed several novel techniques to improve outcomes and ideally alter the natural history. PURPOSE: To systematically review the existing literature and analyze reported outcomes to evaluate the effectiveness of using a bridging graft reconstruction technique to treat large to massive irreparable rotator cuff tears...
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341266/influence-of-fixation-point-of-latissimus-dorsi-tendon-transfer-for-irreparable-rotator-cuff-tear-on-glenohumeral-external-rotation-a-cadaver-study
#12
K Bargoin, M Boissard, J Kany, J Grimberg
Latissimus dorsi tendon transfer is a surgical option for treating irreparable posterosuperior rotator cuff tears, notably when attempting to reconstruct active external rotation. We hypothesized that the positioning of the transfer's point of fixation would differ depending on the desired elbow-to-body external rotation or external rotation with the elbow abducted. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Seven shoulders from four whole frozen cadavers were used. We created two systems to install the subject in a semi-seated position to allow external rotation elbow to body and the arm abducted 90°...
December 2016: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318302/isolated-subscapularis-repair-in-irreparable-posterosuperior-massive-rotator-cuff-tears-involving-the-subscapularis-tendon
#13
Sung-Jae Kim, Yun-Rak Choi, Min Jung, Won-Yong Lee, Yong-Min Chun
BACKGROUND: No previous study has examined whether isolated subscapularis tendon repair in irreparable posterosuperior massive rotator tears involving the subscapularis tendon in relatively young patients without arthritis can yield satisfactory outcomes. HYPOTHESIS: We hypothesized that this procedure would produce favorable outcomes in patients who might otherwise be candidates for reverse arthroplasty. STUDY DESIGN: Case series; Level of evidence, 4...
May 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298061/arthroscopic-repair-of-anterosuperior-massive-rotator-cuff-tears
#14
Sung-Jae Kim, Yun-Rak Choi, Min Jung, Wonyong Lee, Yong-Min Chun
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to investigate clinical outcomes and structural integrity after arthroscopic repair of anterosuperior massive rotator cuff tears (RCTs) and to compare clinical outcomes between healed and retear groups. HYPOTHESIS: The authors hypothesized that although both groups would exhibit improved clinical outcomes compared with their preoperative status, the healed group would have better clinical outcomes than the retear group, and in the retear group, the subscapularis retear subgroup would have inferior outcomes compared with the intact subscapularis repair subgroup...
February 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273425/can-preoperative-magnetic-resonance-imaging-predict-the-reparability-of-massiverotator-cuff-tears
#15
Jung Youn Kim, Ji Seon Park, Yong Girl Rhee
BACKGROUND: Numerous studies have shown preoperative fatty infiltration of rotator cuff muscles to be strongly negatively correlated with the successful repair of massive rotator cuff tears (RCTs). PURPOSE: To assess the association between factors identified on preoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), especially infraspinatus fatty infiltration, and the reparability of massive RCTs. STUDY DESIGN: Case-control study; Level of evidence, 3...
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271082/preliminary-results-of-a-consecutive-series-of-large-massive-rotator-cuff-tears-treated-with-arthroscopic-rotator-cuff-repairs-augmented-with-extracellular-matrix
#16
Paolo Consigliere, Ioannis Polyzois, Tanaya Sarkhel, Rohit Gupta, Ofer Levy, A Ali Narvani
BACKGROUND: Recurrence rate of rotator cuff tears is still high despite the improvements of surgical techniques, materials used and a better knowledge of the healing process of the rotator cuff tendons. Large to massive rotator cuff tears are particularly associated with a high failure rate, especially in elderly. Augmentation of rotator cuff repairs with extracellular matrix or synthetic patches has gained popularity in recent years with the aim of reducing failure. The aim of this study was to investigate the outcome of rotator cuff repairs augmented with denatured extracellular matrix in a series of patients who underwent arthroscopic rotator cuff repair for large to massive tears...
January 2017: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261431/outcomes-of-rotator-cuff-repair-in-patients-with-comorbid-disability-in-the-extremities
#17
Joo Han Oh, Woo Kim, Jung Youn Kim, Yong Girl Rhee
BACKGROUND: Rehabilitation and overuse of the shoulder after rotator cuff repair are a concern in patients with comorbid disability in other extremities. Improvement of outcomes can be hampered in this situation. This study was to describe the clinical outcomes of rotator cuff repair in patients with comorbid disability in other extremities. METHODS: In two tertiary institutions, 16 patients with comorbid disability (9 men and 7 women; mean age of 57.1 years [range, 45 to 71 years]; 14 dominant arms; mean follow-up of 18 months [range, 12 to 38 months]) underwent rotator cuff repair...
March 2017: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259350/editorial-commentary-a-bridge-to-nowhere-%C3%A2-do-patches-help-improve-our-outcomes-after-rotator-cuff-surgery
#18
EDITORIAL
Joshua S Dines
Patches have been used in a variety of ways to improve outcomes after repair of large to massive rotator cuff tears. Some authors have advocated using these patch grafts as augmentation, whereas other authors have used them as bridging tissue from the rotator cuff to the tuberosity. A recent study reports a well-written systematic review on healing rates and outcomes of the 2 different graft indications, showing no significant differences in healing. I do think that, equally as important, this study highlights the lack of well-designed studies on the use of patches in rotator cuff surgery...
March 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256437/the-main-cause-of-instability-after-unconstrained-shoulder-prosthesis-is-soft-tissue-deficiency
#19
Jean Kany, Jijo Jose, Denis Katz, Jean David Werthel, Padmanaban Sekaran, Rajkumar S Amaravathi, Philippe Valenti
BACKGROUND: Instability is one of the major causes of failures in unconstrained anatomic total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA). This study reviewed the instabilities that may occur in an anatomic shoulder platform system to identify its potential predictors. We hypothesized that soft tissue deficiency was the main cause of instability and that the best treatment option would be conversion to a reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between 2003 and 2013, we reviewed 27 patients who experienced postoperative instability, and the overall incidence was 5...
February 27, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238963/surgical-repair-of-massive-rotator-cuff-tendon-tears-autologous-quadriceps-tendon-graft-versus-arthroscopic-repair
#20
C Tempelaere, P Desmoineaux, F Lespagnol, J Pierrart, P Beaufils, N Pujol
INTRODUCTION: Massive rotator cuff tear repair results are variable. The main purpose of this study was to compare functional outcome between two procedures: open repair by autologous quadriceps-patella tendon patch, and arthroscopic suture. The study hypothesis was that there is no significant difference in results between the two techniques. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective study included all patients younger than 70 years operated on from 1995 to 2013 for massive rotator cuff tear...
May 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
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