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superior capsular reconstruction

Robert U Hartzler, Stephen S Burkhart
Superior capsular reconstruction (SCR) of the shoulder has recently gained popularity as an option for joint-preserving shoulder surgery for patients with an irreparable rotator cuff tear. In the absence of glenohumeral arthritis, rotator cuff tear irreparability should only be diagnosed for most patients after a careful diagnostic arthroscopy. Superior capsular reconstruction adds biological, passive, superior constraint to the glenohumeral joint, thereby optimizing the rotator cuff force couples and improving joint kinematics...
October 1, 2017: Orthopedics
Michal Brichacek, Kimberly Dalke, Edward Buchel, Thomas E J Hayakawa
This study evaluates a novel limited submuscular direct-to-implant technique utilizing AlloMax where only the upper few centimeters of the implant is covered by the pectoralis, whereas the majority of the implant including the middle and lower poles are covered by acellular dermal matrix. METHODS: The pectoralis muscle is released off its inferior and inferior-medial origins and allowed to retract superiorly. Two sheets of AlloMax (6 × 16 cm) are sutured together and secured to the inframammary fold, serratus fascia, and the superiorly retracted pectoralis...
July 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
J Zerr, J D McDermott, N M Beckmann, R K Fullick, A Chhabra
Superior capsular reconstruction (SCR) is a novel technique for treating irreparable rotator cuff tears in younger patients in whom a reverse total shoulder arthroplasty is not the optimal treatment choice. This case study describes a middle-aged male with a recurrent, massive, irreparable rotator cuff tear treated with SCR that subsequently failed at the glenoid attachment. The patient underwent successful arthroscopic revision of the SCR. The case illustrates the MRI and arthroscopic correlations of the failed dermal allograft reconstruction, which to our knowledge has not been previously shown in the radiology literature...
November 2017: Skeletal Radiology
E Grant Sutter, Jonathan A Godin, Grant E Garrigues
Massive irreparable rotator cuff tears are difficult to treat. Although several treatment options exist, none provides superior long-term results. There is no consensus on optimal surgical technique. Superior capsular reconstruction is an operative treatment option aimed at restoring native biomechanics of the glenohumeral joint by providing a restraint to superior subluxation. Partial rotator cuff repair for massive tears has also been shown to improve shoulder kinematics and can be performed in conjunction with superior capsule reconstruction...
July 1, 2017: Orthopedics
A Ali Narvani, Paolo Consigliere, Ioannis Polyzois, Tanaya Sarkhel, Rohit Gupta, Ofer Levy
The management of irreparable rotator cuff tears is a difficult problem to deal with. The options include nonoperative route with anterior deltoid exercises, debridement with or without long head of biceps tenotomy, partial rotator cuff repair, tuberoplasty, muscle transfer, patch augmentation, biodegradable spacers, and reverse shoulder arthroplasty. None of these options are without their limitations. In recent years, arthroscopic superior capsular reconstruction has gained popularity as an alternative technique to address irreparable rotator cuff tears...
December 2016: Arthroscopy Techniques
Raffaele Garofalo, Enrico Ceccarelli, Alessandro Castagna, Vittorio Calvisi, Brody Flanagin, Marco Conti, Sumant G Krishnan
PURPOSE: Appropriate surgical management for type V complete acromioclavicular (AC) joint dislocation remains controversial. The purpose of this paper is to retrospectively report the clinical and radiographic outcomes of an open surgical technique consisting for AC joint ligamentous and capsular reconstruction using autologous hamstring tendon grafts and semi-permanent sutures. METHODS: Between January 2005 and December 2011, 32 consecutive patients with symptomatic type V complete AC joint dislocation underwent surgical treatment using the same technique...
July 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
Daniel S Roh, Matthew D Treiser, Emily H Lafleur, Yoon S Chun
BACKGROUND: Bilateral breast reconstruction in the setting of unilateral postmastectomy radiation therapy (PMRT) remains one of the most difficult reconstructive challenges due to significant radiation-induced asymmetry from capsular contracture and superior migration of the irradiated reconstructed breast. We describe a novel and straightforward intraoperative technique for creating compensatory asymmetry to maximize postradiation symmetry in immediate bilateral tissue expander (TE) and acellular dermal matrix (ADM) reconstruction requiring unilateral PMRT...
April 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
Lene Nyhøj Heidemann, Gudjon Leifur Gunnarsson, Camilla Bille, Jens Ahm Sørensen, Jørn Bo Thomsen
The demand for reconstructive surgery after therapeutic and prophylactic mastectomy is increasing. The hammock technique for breast reconstruction was introduced in 2001 and provides support for the implant using either biologically derived or synthetic mesh. The material is formed as a hammock in the lower pole of the reconstructed breast, and due to its supportive capabilities it has been found to shorten the time needed for reconstruction, decrease the risk of capsular contracture and leave a superior aesthetic result...
March 6, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
Stephen S Burkhart, Patrick J Denard, Christopher R Adams, Paul C Brady, Robert U Hartzler
We have been performing arthroscopic superior capsular reconstruction (SCR) with acellular dermal allograft for almost 2 years. Our techniques are based on Mihata's original concept for SCR, in which he used fascia lata autograft. In this report, we describe our standard arthroscopic technique as well as 2 variations of a "zip-line" technique, which we have found particularly useful for large dermal allografts (grafts that are ≥40 mm in any dimension).
December 2016: Arthroscopy Techniques
Christopher R Adams, Patrick J Denard, Paul C Brady, Robert U Hartzler, Stephen S Burkhart
In a subset of patients with rotator cuff tears, the glenohumeral joint has minimal degenerative changes and the rotator cuff tendon is either irreparable or very poor quality and unlikely to heal. Reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA) is often considered for these patients despite the lack of glenohumeral arthritis. However, due to the permanent destruction of the glenohumeral articular surfaces, complication rates, and concerns about implant longevity with RSA, we believe the superior capsular reconstruction (SCR) is a viable alternative...
July 2016: American Journal of Orthopedics
Joseph Liu, Alexander S McLawhorn, Alexander B Christ, Peteris Dzenis, John H Healey
BACKGROUND: The posterolateral approach is one of the most common approaches used during hip arthroplasty. A posterior soft tissue repair is necessary to limit the risk of postoperative dislocation. For a trapezoidal capsulotomy, the proximal limb divides the superior band of the iliofemoral ligament (Bigelow's ligament). A transosseous repair frequently leaves a defect in this region, which may elevate the risk for dislocation. The purpose of this article is to describe a simple, rational technique for reinforcing the posterior capsular repair...
July 2016: HSS Journal: the Musculoskeletal Journal of Hospital for Special Surgery
Maximilian Petri, Joshua A Greenspoon, Peter J Millett
Massive irreparable rotator cuff tears in young patients are a particular challenge for the orthopaedic surgeon. Surgical treatment options include debridement, partial rotator cuff repair, patch-augmented rotator cuff repair, bridging rotator cuff reconstruction with graft interposition, tendon transfer, and reverse total shoulder arthroplasty. Recently, reconstruction of the superior glenohumeral capsule using a fascia lata autograft has been suggested to reduce superior glenohumeral translation and restore superior stability...
December 2015: Arthroscopy Techniques
Robert Thorsness, Anthony Romeo
Compared with smaller tears, massive rotator cuff tears present significant clinical management dilemmas for the treating surgeon because they are often fraught with structural failure and poor outcomes. To optimize healing, current surgical methods look to optimize footprint coverage and enhance the biological environment for healing. Double-row techniques have demonstrated clear biomechanical advantages in controlled cadaveric studies, but have yet to demonstrate clear clinical efficacy over more simple repair techniques...
May 1, 2016: Orthopedics
C Garusi, A Manconi, G Lanni, G Lomeo, P Loschi, M C Simoncini, L Santoro, M Rietjens, J Y Petit
OBJECTIVES: The latissimus dorsi (LD) flap is well-known in breast reconstruction especially in previously-irradiated patients, in order to have a low capsular contraction rate whenever an implant is associated. The aim of this study is to closely evaluate the effect of LD flap harvesting on shoulder function as well as specific movements related to the LD, both objectively and subjectively. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively collected data on 86 patients who underwent pedicled LD muscle flap for breast reconstruction at the European Institute of Oncology between September 1995 until March 2011...
June 2016: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
Michael J Rossi
Biomechanical study of superior capsular reconstruction for irreparable supraspinatus tears has lower subacromial contact pressures with a thicker graft placed in 15° to 45° of shoulder abduction. Whether this translates to the clinical situation of massive rotator cuff insufficiency remains to be determined.
March 2016: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
Teruhisa Mihata, Michelle H McGarry, Timothy Kahn, Iliya Goldberg, Masashi Neo, Thay Q Lee
BACKGROUND: Patients with irreparable rotator cuff tears have a defect of the superior capsule, which creates discontinuity of the shoulder capsule in the transverse direction (anterior-posterior direction). This effect is one of the causes underlying shoulder instability after rotator cuff tears. PURPOSE/HYPOTHESIS: The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of anterior and posterior continuity on shoulder biomechanics after superior capsule reconstruction (SCR)...
June 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Alan M Hirahara, Christopher R Adams
Massive irreparable rotator cuff tears have been troublesome entities to treat, especially in younger patients. Few good options exist, leaving most patients in recent years receiving a reverse total shoulder arthroplasty. Reverse shoulder arthroplasty carries serious risks, a limited lifespan, and no other viable options should it fail. Recent biomechanical studies have shown that the superior capsule is critical to containing the glenohumeral joint reduced, allowing the larger muscles like the deltoid and pectoralis major to function properly...
December 2015: Arthroscopy Techniques
Wei-Lin Wang, Song Ye, Sheng Yan, Yan Shen, Min Zhang, Jian Wu, Shu-Sen Zheng
BACKGROUND: With the development of new surgical techniques, pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) with portal vein or superior mesenteric vein (PV/SMV) resection has been used in the treatment of patients with borderline resectable pancreatic cancer. However, opinions of surgeons differ in the effectiveness of this surgical technique. This study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of this approach in patients with pancreatic cancer. METHODS: Follow-up visits and retrospective analysis were carried out of 208 patients with pancreatic cancer who had undergone PD (PD group) and PD combined with PV/SMV resection and reconstruction (PDVR group) from June 2009 to May 2013 at our center...
August 2015: Hepatobiliary & Pancreatic Diseases International: HBPD INT
Kurt E Jacobson, Matthew D Longacre
Posterolateral rotatory instability of the knee causes significant morbidity if unrecognized and left untreated. With both acute and chronic injuries, restoration of the normal anatomy is crucial for a good outcome. During capsular repairs, detailed knowledge of the anatomy will help the surgeon repair the pathoanatomy. To complement the direct approach, an osteotomy of the lateral femoral condyle that includes the attachments of the fibular collateral ligament and popliteal tendon allows superior visualization of the lateral meniscus and its attachments, as well as the associated deep structures...
March 2015: Sports Medicine and Arthroscopy Review
Louis Wessels, Siun Murphy, Steven Merten
UNLABELLED: A well-defined inframammary fold (IMF) is essential in providing an aesthetically pleasing and stable result in breast procedures. The position of the IMF on the chest wall determines the "footprint" of the breast, and hence the breast and chest aesthetic as a whole. Implant malposition is reported in the literature to occur in 5-8 % of primary breast augmentation patients. This occurs most commonly in a caudal direction, which is the most difficult problem to correct, as reported by Tebbett (Clin Plast Surg 28:425-434, 2001)...
April 2014: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
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