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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749263/measuring-intraocular-pressure-in-white-s-tree-frogs-litoria-caerulea-by-rebound-tonometry-comparing-device-time-of-day-and-manual-versus-chemical-restraint-methods
#1
Jennifer C Hausmann, Ashley Krisp, Kurt Sladky, Paul E Miller, Christoph Mans
Ocular diseases reported in frogs include uveitis and glaucoma, which are associated with changes in intraocular pressure (IOP). The objectives of this study were to characterize the normal IOP for White's tree frogs ( Litoria caerulea ) using two types of rebound tonometers, and to assess whether time of day or method of restraint affected IOP. Eighteen conscious, unrestrained, ophthalmologically normal frogs were used to measure IOP using TonoVet® and TonoLab® tonometers, at three time points during the day...
June 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748893/complication-rate-and-diagnostic-yield-of-percutaneous-native-kidney-biopsies-a-10-year-experience-at-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-pakistan
#2
Sonia Yaqub, Nayla Ahmed, Urooj Fatima, Ayesha Maqbool, Waqar Ashif, Syed A Hussain
The use of an automated biopsy device, and real-time ultrasound for percutaneous kidney biopsies (PKBs) has improved the likelihood of obtaining adequate tissue for diagnosis and also has reduced the complications associated with the procedure. We aimed to determine the frequency and type of complications associated with PKB and to determine the diagnostic yield. It was a retrospective file-based review of cases who underwent PKB of native kidney between January 2003 and December 2013 at the Aga Khan University Hospital in Karachi, Pakistan...
July 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748761/tyrosinase-electrochemical-biosensors-monitoring-medicinally-significant-substances
#3
Milan Sýs, Karel Vytřas
Nowadays in biosensing, development of analytical techniques is focused on improvement for monitoring biologically active species in living organisms, especially in real time analysis. This article provides an overview of applications of electrochemical tyrosinase biosensors in analysis of medicinally significant substances, otherwise also known as biomarkers. At the beginning, special attention is paid to characterisation of the tyrosinase enzyme, explanation of reaction mechanisms of tyrosinase with various types of electrochemical transducers and techniques needed for stable immobilization of this biocatalyst on the transducer surface used...
July 27, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748430/inicu-integrated-neonatal-care-unit-capturing-neonatal-journey-in-an-intelligent-data-way
#4
Harpreet Singh, Gautam Yadav, Raghuram Mallaiah, Preetha Joshi, Vinay Joshi, Ravneet Kaur, Suneyna Bansal, Samir K Brahmachari
Neonatal period represents first 28 days of life, which is the most vulnerable time for a child's survival especially for the preterm babies. High neonatal mortality is a prominent and persistent problem across the globe. Non-availability of trained staff and infrastructure are the major recognized hurdles in the quality care of these neonates. Hourly progress growth charts and reports are still maintained manually by nurses along with continuous calculation of drug dosage and nutrition as per the changing weight of the baby...
August 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747154/the-interplay-between-individual-social-behavior-and-clinical-symptoms-in-small-clustered-groups
#5
Piero Poletti, Roberto Visintainer, Bruno Lepri, Stefano Merler
BACKGROUND: Mixing patterns of human populations play a crucial role in shaping the spreading paths of infectious diseases. The diffusion of mobile and wearable devices able to record close proximity interactions represents a great opportunity for gathering detailed data on social interactions and mixing patterns in human populations. The aim of this study is to investigate how social interactions are affected by the onset of symptomatic conditions and to what extent the heterogeneity in human behavior can reflect a different risk of infection...
July 26, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746082/heartware-ventricular-assist-device-as-a-bridge-to-transplant-in-a-small-boy-with-complicated-kawasaki-disease
#6
Christopher E Mascio, Dhananjay P Malankar, Jonathan J Rome
We report a case of HeartWare ventricular assist device (HVAD) implant as a Bridge-to-Transplant in the smallest and the youngest known patient, a 32-month-old boy (body surface area of 0.66 m2) with known Kawasaki disease and giant coronary artery aneurysms. The disease course was complicated by coronary thromboembolism resulting in acute myocardial infarction, ventricular fibrillation, and cardiac arrest. After short-term support with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for 7 days and long-term support with an HVAD for 5 months, he underwent heart transplantation and is doing well 2 months after the transplant...
July 25, 2017: ASAIO Journal: a Peer-reviewed Journal of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745941/veterans-preferences-for-remote-management-of-chronic-conditions
#7
Erica Sedlander, Katherine C Barboza, Ashley Jensen, Nicole Skursky, Katelyn Bennett, Scott Sherman, Mark Schwartz
BACKGROUND: The Veterans Health Administration (VA) is investing considerable resources into providing remote management care to patients for disease prevention and management. Remote management includes online patient portals, e-mails between patients and providers, follow-up phone calls, and home health devices to monitor health status. However, little is known about patients' attitudes and preferences for this type of care. This qualitative study was conducted to better understand patient preferences for receiving remote care...
July 26, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745703/-creative-surgery-for-hiatal-hernia
#8
O V Galimov, V O Khanov, D Z Mamadaliev, R R Sayfullin, R R Sagitdinov
AIM: To present an experience of surgical treatment of hiatal hernia. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An experience of more than thousand laparoscopic fundoplications in various modifications has been accumulated in the Clinic of Bashkir State Medical University for the period 2001-2016. RESULTS: An original device for intraoperative measurement of hiatal orifice is described. Hiatal orifice repair was indicated in case of its dimension over 3.5 cm...
2017: Khirurgiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745630/subpial-adeno-associated-virus-9-aav9-vector-delivery-in-adult-mice
#9
Takahiro Tadokoro, Atsushi Miyanohara, Michael Navarro, Kota Kamizato, Stefan Juhas, Jana Juhasova, Silvia Marsala, Oleksandr Platoshyn, Erik Curtis, Brandon Gabel, Joseph Ciacci, Nada Lukacova, Katarina Bimbova, Martin Marsala
The successful development of a subpial adeno-associated virus 9 (AAV9) vector delivery technique in adult rats and pigs has been reported on previously. Using subpially-placed polyethylene catheters (PE-10 or PE-5) for AAV9 delivery, potent transgene expression through the spinal parenchyma (white and gray matter) in subpially-injected spinal segments has been demonstrated. Because of the wide range of transgenic mouse models of neurodegenerative diseases, there is a strong desire for the development of a potent central nervous system (CNS)-targeted vector delivery technique in adult mice...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744907/design-and-hemocompatibility-analysis-of-a-double-suction-injection-suspension-blood-pump-using-computational-fluid-dynamics-methods
#10
Yue Wu, Liangfan Zhu, Yun Luo
The blood pump has become a possible solution to heart diseases. For the prevention of device failure and hemocompatibility problems, a rotary pump with suspended bearing is a preferred solution. In our previous work, a novel injection suspension method has been introduced to levitate the rotor. The suspension method is totally passive. This study aims to apply this suspension method to a double-suction pump, and the property of the pump was investigated using computational fluid dynamics (CFD) methods. The flow field of the pump is simulated based on the SST k-ω turbulent model...
July 26, 2017: Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744110/confidence-in-correct-inhaler-technique-and-its-association-with-treatment-adherence-and-health-status-among-us-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#11
Alpesh N Amin, Vaidyanathan Ganapathy, Adam Roughley, Mark Small
BACKGROUND: Improper use of bronchodilators is associated with poor disease control, nonadherence to long-term therapy, and poor clinical outcomes. Our current understanding of factors associated with correct inhaler use and adherence is limited. We measured physician-and patient-reported confidence in device usage and associations with treatment adherence and COPD-related health status. METHODS: This was an analysis of a US observational, point-in-time survey of physicians and patients...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742136/can-a-tablet-based-cancellation-test-identify-cognitive-impairment-in-older-adults
#12
Ya-Huei Wu, Jean-Sébastien Vidal, Jocelyne de Rotrou, Sietske A M Sikkes, Anne-Sophie Rigaud, Matthieu Plichart
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: There has been a growing interest in using computerized cognitive assessment to detect age-related cognitive disorders. We have developed a tablet-based cancellation test (e-CT), previously shown as a reliable measure of executive functions and free of effect of familiarity with computer-based devices in healthy older adults. This study aimed to investigate the influence of demographics and current daily use of computer-based devices in older adults with Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) and Alzheimer's disease (AD)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742044/multipolar-field-shaping-in-a-suprachoroidal-visual-prosthesis
#13
Calvin D Eiber, Socrates Dokos, Nigel H Lovell, Gregg J Suaning
Visual prostheses are now an available mobility aid for patients blinded by degenerative retinal diseases. However, the spatial resolution of existing devices is still insufficient to deliver normal levels of mobility vision without stimulation strategies which enable existing devices to deliver several different percepts per stimulation site. A stimulation strategy in which field shaping is achieved by incorporating multipolar (bipolar and tripolar) stimulation could convey additional information to a user of a visual prosthesis, as compared to monopolar stimulation, is investigated...
July 24, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741866/a-review-of-available-laser-and-intense-light-source-home-devices-a-dermatologist-s-perspective
#14
REVIEW
Margit Lw Juhász, Melissa K Levin, Ellen S Marmur
BACKGROUND: Home optical devices are becoming an increasingly popular treatment modality sought out by patients for dermatologic pathologies such as acne, hair removal and anti-aging, as these devices are a low-cost and convenient therapy choice. METHODS: An Internet search using PubMed.gov was completed with search terms, "home device dermatology," "home device acne," "home device hair" or "hair removal," and "home device aging." RESULTS: Currently, there are multiple home optical devices available on the market...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741839/feasibility-of-spacers-to-facilitate-postoperative-radiotherapy-for-retroperitoneal-sarcomas
#15
Jessica Reid, Richard Smith, Martin Borg, Christopher Dobbins, Raghu Gowda, Steve Chryssidis, Matthew Borg, Susan Neuhaus
INTRODUCTION: The role and timing of postoperative radiotherapy (PORT) in the management of retroperitoneal sarcoma (RPS) remains controversial. METHOD: This is a retrospective cohort review of patients undergoing curative resection for RPS at a single institution between January 2011 and July 2016. Patient selection was through the South Australian Soft Tissue Tumour Multidisciplinary Group (MDT) based at Royal Adelaide Hospital. An individualised approach, including assessment of resectability, histopathological grade and subtype, and radiotherapy considerations, was taken for each patient...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741245/the-last-frontier-transcatheter-devices-for-percutaneous-or-minimally-invasive-treatment-of-chronic-heart-failure
#16
REVIEW
V J Nijenhuis, L Sanchis, J A S van der Heyden, P Klein, B J W M Rensing, A Latib, F Maisano, J M Ten Berg, P Agostoni, M J Swaans
Heart failure has a high prevalence in the general population. Morbidity and mortality of heart failure patients remain high, despite improvements in drug therapy, implantable cardioverter-defibrillators and cardiac resynchronisation therapy. New transcatheter implantable devices have been developed to improve the treatment of heart failure. There has been a rapid development of minimally invasive or transcatheter devices used in the treatment of heart failure associated with aortic and mitral valve disease and these devices are being incorporated into routine clinical practice at a fast rate...
July 24, 2017: Netherlands Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741137/protection-of-the-proximal-articular-cartilage-during-percutaneous-thermal-ablation-of-acetabular-metastasis-using-temperature-monitoring
#17
Salem Bauones, Julien Garnon, Basavaraj Chari, Roberto L Cazzato, Georgia Tsoumakidou, Jean Caudrelier, Guillaume Koch, Afshin Gangi
OBJECTIVE: To review our initial experience in acetabular cartilage protection from thermal injury with temperature monitoring during percutaneous image-guided tumor thermal ablation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between June 2015 and December 2016, three consecutive oncologic patients (mean age 58 years; range 48-67 years) with acetabular bone metastasis underwent percutaneous image-guided thermal ablation procedures along with hip joint cartilage thermal monitoring...
July 24, 2017: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740943/potential-effects-of-whole-body-vibration-exercises-on-blood-flow-kinetics-of-different-populations-a-systematic-review-with-a-suitable-approach
#18
Danúbia Sá-Caputo, Laisa Paineiras-Domingos, Rafaelle Carvalho-Lima, Glenda Dias-Costa, Patrícia de Castro de Paiva, Claudia Figueiredo de Azeredo, Roberto Carlos Resende Carmo, Carla F Dionello, Eloá Moreira-Marconi, Éric Heleno F F Frederico, Cintia Renata Sousa-Gonçalves, Danielle S Morel, Dulciane N Paiva, Núbia C P Avelar, Ana C Lacerda, Carlos E V Magalhães, Leonardo S Castro, Giuseppe A Presta, Severo de Paoli, Borja Sañudo, Mario Bernardo-Filho
BACKGROUND: The ability to control skin blood flow decreases with advancing age and some clinical disorders, as in diabetes and in rheumatologic diseases. Feasible clinical strategies such as whole-body vibration exercise (WBVE) are being used without a clear understanding of its effects. The aim of the present study is to review the effects of the WBVE on blood flow kinetics and its feasibility in different populations. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The level of evidence (LE) of selected papers in PubMed and/or PEDRo databases was determined...
2017: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740444/effective-deployment-of-technology-supported-management-of-chronic-respiratory-conditions-a-call-for-stakeholder-engagement
#19
Richard W Costello, Alexandra L Dima, Dermot Ryan, R Andrew McIvor, Kay Boycott, Alison Chisholm, David Price, John D Blakey
BACKGROUND: Healthcare systems are under increasing strain, predominantly due to chronic non-communicable diseases. Connected healthcare technologies are becoming ever more capable and their components cheaper. These innovations could facilitate both self-management and more efficient use of healthcare resources for common respiratory diseases such as asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. However, newer technologies can only facilitate major changes in practice, and cannot accomplish them in isolation...
2017: Pragmatic and Observational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740437/the-larynx-ruler-to-measure-height-and-profile-of-vocal-folds-a-proof-of-concept
#20
Gauthier Desuter, Benjamin Mertens, Alain Delchambre, Julie van Lith-Bijl, Peter Paul van Benthem, Elisabeth Sjögren
INTRODUCTION: Glottic leakage during phonation is a direct consequence of unilateral vocal fold (VF) paralysis. This air leakage can be in the horizontal plane and in the vertical plane. Presently, there is no easily applicable medical device allowing noninvasive, office-based measurement of the relative vertical position of the VFs. The larynx ruler (LR) is a laser-based measuring device that could meet the previously stated need, using a flexible endoscope. This study represents a proof of concept regarding the use of the LR in assessing VF relative positions in the vertical plane...
2017: Medical Devices: Evidence and Research
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