Read by QxMD icon Read

Neuromyelite optica

Dimitrios Karussis
Multiple sclerosis (MS), is a chronic disease of the central nervous system (CNS) characterized by loss of motor and sensory function, that results from immune-mediated inflammation, demyelination and subsequent axonal damage. MS is one of the most common causes of neurological disability in young adults. Several variants of MS (and CNS demyelinating syndromes in general) have been nowadays defined in an effort to increase the diagnostic accuracy, to identify the unique immunopathogenic profile and to tailor treatment in each individual patient...
February 2014: Journal of Autoimmunity
Dimitrios Karussis, Panayiota Petrou
A wide variety of inflammatory diseases temporally associated with the administration of various vaccines, has been reported in the literature. A PubMed search from 1979 to 2013 revealed seventy one (71) documented cases. The most commonly reported vaccinations that were associated with CNS demyelinating diseases included influenza (21 cases), human papilloma virus (HPV) (9 cases), hepatitis A or B (8 cases), rabies (5 cases), measles (5 cases), rubella (5 cases), yellow fever (3 cases), anthrax (2 cases),meningococcus (2 cases) and tetanus (2 cases)...
March 2014: Autoimmunity Reviews
C Stadelmann, W Brück
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is characterized by multiple demyelinated inflammatory lesions disseminated in the central nervous system (CNS). Additional features of MS pathology include axonal loss and gliosis. Remyelination may take place predominantly in the early stages of lesion formation. Pathologically, important inter-individual differences have been observed with respect to oligodendrocyte preservation. Furthermore, different mechanisms of demyelination, such as T-cell/macrophage-mediated demyelination, antibody/complement-mediated demyelination, and primary damage of the oligodendrocyte have been observed in individual MS patients...
November 2004: Neurological Sciences
D Karussis, R R Leker, A Ashkenazi, O Abramsky
The presence of antibodies to cardiolipin (ACL Abs) has been reported in some patients suffering from multiple sclerosis (MS), especially of the "neuromyelitic" type. In addition, bright T2-imaging foci (unidentified bright objects) are occasionally detected on brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans, in patients with antiphospholipid syndrome. From a cohort of 100 patients with a probable or definite diagnosis of MS according to Poser's criteria, we isolated a subgroup of 20 patients (8 males and 12 females) consistently positive for ACL Abs...
October 1998: Annals of Neurology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"