keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Level 1 trauma

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789136/penetrating-trauma-in-children-on-the-united-states-mexico-border-hispanic-ethnicity-is-not-a-risk-factor
#1
Loc-Uyen T Vo, Clark Anderson, Samantha Thomas, Hannah Vernia, Jarett K Howe, Alan H Tyroch, Tamara N Fitzgerald
INTRODUCTION: The United States-Mexico border is perceived as dangerous by the media and current political leaders. Hispanic ethnicity, low socioeconomic status, male gender and adolescent age have previously been identified as risk factors for penetrating trauma (PT). METHODS: A retrospective review of PT was performed in a border region. Children 0-17 years old, admitted to the region's only level I trauma center between 2001 and 2016 were included. Standardized morbidity ratio was used to compare observed to expected morbidity...
May 17, 2018: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788992/comparing-case-control-study-for-treatment-of-proximal-tibia-fractures-with-a-complete-metaphyseal-component-in-two-centers-with-different-distinct-strategies-fixation-with-ilizarov-frame-or-locking-plates
#2
Haakon Berven, Michael Brix, Kaywan Izadpanah, Eva Johanna Kubosch, Hagen Schmal
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to compare two methods of stabilization for proximal tibia fractures (AO 41) with a complete metaphyseal component, external fixation with the Ilizarov wire frame, and internal fixation with locking plates. METHODS: Patients from two level 1 trauma centers treated between 2009 and 2015 were included in a retrospective comparing cohort study. The first center stabilized the non-pathological, proximal tibia fractures exclusively with external fixation and the second with internal plating...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787558/a-new-weighted-injury-severity-scoring-system-better-predictive-power-for-pediatric-trauma-mortality
#3
Junxin Shi, Jiabin Shen, Sarah Caupp, Angela Wang, Kathryn E Nuss, Brian Kenney, Krista K Wheeler, Bo Lu, Henry Xiang
BACKGROUND: An accurate injury severity measurement is essential for the evaluation of pediatric trauma care and outcome research. The traditional Injury Severity Score (ISS) does not consider the differential risks of the Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) from different body regions nor is it pediatric specific. The objective of this study was to develop a weighted injury severity scoring (wISS) system for pediatric blunt trauma patients with better predictive power than ISS. METHODS: Based on the association between mortality and AIS from each of the six ISS body regions, we generated different weights for the component AIS scores used in the calculation of ISS...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787549/long-term-patient-centered-outcomes-of-lower-extremity-vascular-trauma
#4
Zane B Perkins, Barbaros Yet, Simon Glasgow, William Marsh, Nigel R M Tai, Todd E Rasmussen
OBJECTIVE: To describe the long-term outcomes of military lower extremity vascular injuries, and the decision-making of surgeons treating these injuries. BACKGROUND: Lower extremity vascular trauma is an important cause of preventable death and severe disability, and decisions on amputation or limb salvage can be difficult. Additionally, the complexity of the condition is not amenable to controlled study, and there is limited data to guide clinical decision-making and establish sensible treatment expectations during rehabilitation...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787548/a-subset-of-five-human-mitochondrial-formyl-peptides-mimics-bacterial-peptides-and-functionally-deactivates-human-neuetrophils
#5
Elzbieta Kaczmarek, Carl J Hauser, Woon Yong Kwon, Ingred Rica, Li Chen, Nicola Sandler, Leo E Otterbein, Yan Campbell, Charles H Cook, Michael B Yaffe, Michael Marusich, Kiyoshi Itagaki
BACKGROUND: Trauma causes inflammation by releasing mitochondria (MT) that act as DAMPs. Trauma also increases susceptibility to infection. Human MT contain 13 N-formyl peptides (mtFPs). We studied whether mtFPs released into plasma by clinical injury induce neutrophil (PMN) inflammatory responses, whether their potency reflects their similarity to bacterial FPs and how their presence at clinically relevant concentration affects PMN function. METHODS: N-terminal sequences of the 13 mtFPs were synthesized...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787547/interrupted-versus-continuous-fascial-closure-in-patients-undergoing-emergent-laparotomy-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Thomas Peponis, Jordan D Bohnen, Sandra Muse, Eva Fuentes, Gwendolyn M van der Wilden, Ali Mejaddam, Hasan Alam, Haytham M A Kaafarani, Peter J Fagenholz, David R King, D Dante Yeh, George C Velmahos, Marc A de Moya
BACKGROUND: The optimal method of fascial closure, interrupted versus continuous (IFC and CFC respectively) has never been studied exclusively in the setting of emergency surgery. We hypothesized that IFC decreases postoperative incisional hernia development following emergent laparotomies. METHODS: Between August 2008 and September 2015, patients undergoing emergent laparotomies were consented and randomly assigned to either IFC or CFC. Patients were followed postoperatively for at least three months and assessed for incisional hernia, dehiscence, or wound infection...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787546/selective-non-operative-management-of-pharyngo-esophageal-injuries-secondary-to-penetrating-neck-trauma-a-single-center-review-of-86-cases
#7
Andre S Madsen, George V Oosthuizen, John L Bruce, Wanda Bekker, Grant L Laing, Damian L Clarke
BACKGROUND: This paper describes our experience with penetrating pharyngo-esophageal injuries (PEI) in the light of a selective conservative approach, and has the objective to define criteria for non-operative management (NOM). METHODS: This retrospective single-center review of patients with penetrating neck injury (PNI) treated for confirmed PEI over a 6-year period aimed to test our proposed hypothesis that NOM is safe for hemodynamically stable patients with PEI, who have no competing indications for exploration, have no established sepsis and who have a water-soluble contrast swallow (WS-swallow) either showing no- or a contained extravasation...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787545/recent-advances-in-austere-combat-surgery-use-of-aortic-balloon-occlusion-as-well-as-blood-challenges-by-special-operations-medical-forces-in-recent-combat-operations
#8
D Marc Northern, Justin D Manley, Regan Lyon, Daniel Farber, Benjamin J Mitchell, Kristopher J Filak, Jonathan Lundy, Joe J DuBose, Todd E Rasmussen, John B Holcomb
BACKGROUND: Resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) for control of non-compressible torso hemorrhage is a technology that is increasingly being utilized in the combat casualty setting. Its use in the resource restricted environment holds potential to improve hemorrhage control, decrease blood product utilization, decrease morbidity, and improve combat mortality. The objective of this report is to present the single largest series of REBOA use on severely injured combat casualties...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787544/a-clinical-prediction-model-for-raised-intracranial-pressure-in-patients-with-traumatic-brain-injuries
#9
J Pace, N Parry, K Vogt, R Hilsden, R Leeper, Z Markova, F Priestap, J Younan, I M Ball
BACKGROUND: Intracranial hypertension is believed to contribute to secondary brain insult in traumatically brain injured patients. Currently the diagnosis of intracranial hypertension requires intracranial monitoring or advanced imaging. Unfortunately, prehospital transport times can be prolonged, delaying time to the initial radiographic assessment. The aim of this study was to identify clinical variables associated with raised intracranial pressure (ICP) prior to the completion of neuroimaging...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787543/using-clinical-analysis-to-classify-30-day-trauma-readmissions
#10
Sarah K West, Michael ʼShayʼ OʼMara, M Chance Spalding
BACKGROUND: Unplanned hospital readmissions are common across specialties. Descriptive readmission studies commonly query large administrative databases, which some speculate lack clinical granularity. This article provides the framework for a process improvement initiative aimed at identifying clinically meaningful reasons for trauma readmission. Our study hypothesizes an expected difference between the clinically abstracted reasons for readmission and those documented by the data processing staff in the trauma registry, and that those differences will be the starting point to target performance improvement...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787532/does-screening-and-a-randomized-brief-intervention-at-a-level-1-trauma-center-impact-acute-stress-reactions-to-prevent-later-development-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#11
Stacey Stevens Manser, Katherine Houck, Mark D Kramer, Irene A Tabas, Carlos V R Brown, Ben Coopwood
BACKGROUND: Approximately 20-40% of trauma survivors experience posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The American College of Surgeons Committee on Trauma report that early screening and referral has the potential to improve outcomes and that further study of screening and intervention for PTSD would be beneficial. This prospective randomized study screened hospitalized patients for traumatic stress reactions and assessed the effect of a brief intervention in reducing later development of PTSD...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787531/blunt-traumatic-scapular-fractures-are-associated-with-great-vessel-injuries-in-children
#12
Ibrahim Abd El-Shafy, Lisa M Rosen, Jose M Prince, Robert W Letton, Nelson G Rosen
BACKGROUND: Patients with stable blunt great vessel injury (GVI) can have poor outcomes if the injury is not identified early. With current pediatric trauma radiation reduction efforts these injuries may be missed. As a known association between scapular fracture and GVI exists in adult blunt trauma patients, we examined whether that same association existed in pediatric blunt trauma patients. METHODS: Bluntly injured patients under 18 years old were identified from 2012-2014 in the National Trauma Data Bank...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787530/crisis-under-the-radar-illicit-amphetamine-use-is-reaching-epidemic-proportions-and-contributing-to-resource-over-utilization-at-a-level-1-trauma-center
#13
Vincent A Gemma, Kristina A Chapple, Pamela W Goslar, Sharjeel Israr, Scott R Petersen, Jordan A Weinberg
INTRODUCTION: Trauma centers reported illicit amphetamine use in approximately 10% of trauma admissions in the previous decade. From experience at a trauma center located in a southwestern metropolis, our perception is that illicit amphetamine use is on the rise, and that these patients utilize in-hospital resources beyond what would be expected for their injuries. The purpose of this study was to document the incidence of illicit amphetamine use among our trauma patients and to evaluate its impact on resource utilization...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787528/increased-trauma-activation-is-not-equally-beneficial-for-all-elderly-trauma-patients
#14
Bryan W Carr, Peter M Hammer, Lava Timsina, Grace Rozycki, David V Feliciano, Jamie J Coleman
BACKGROUND: Physiologic changes in the elderly lead to higher morbidity and mortality after injury. Increasing level of trauma activation has been proposed to improve geriatric outcomes; but, the increased cost to the patient and stress to the hospital system are significant downsides. The purpose of this study was to identify the age at which an increase in activation status is beneficial. METHODS: A retrospective review of trauma patients ≥ 70 years old from October 1, 2011, to October 1, 2016 was performed...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787527/an-aast-mitc-analysis-of-pancreatic-trauma-staple-or-sew-resect-or-drain
#15
Nickolas Byrge, Marta Heilburn, Nicole Winkler, Daniel Sommers, Heather Evans, Lindsay M Cattin, Tom Scalea, Deborah M Stein, Todd Neideen, Pamela Walsh, Carrie A Sims, Tejal S Brahmbhatt, Joseph M Galante, Ho H Phan, Ajai Malhotra, Robert T Stovall, Gregory J Jurkovich, Raul Coimbra, Allison E Berndtson, Thomas A O'Callaghan, Scott F Gaspard, Martin A Schreiber, Mackenzie R Cook, Demetrios Demetriades, Omar Rivera, George C Velmahos, Ting Zhao, Pauline K Park, David Machado-Aranda, Salman Ahmad, Julie Lewis, William S Hoff, Ghada Suleiman, Jason Sperry, Samuel Zolin, Matthew M Carrick, Gina R Mallory, Jade Nunez, Alexander Colonna, Toby Enniss, Ram Nirula
INTRODUCTION: Pancreatic trauma results in high morbidity and mortality, in part, due to delay in diagnosis and subsequent organ dysfunction. Optimal operative management strategies remain unclear. We therefore sought to determine CT accuracy in diagnosing pancreatic injury and the morbidity and mortality associated with varying operative strategies. METHODS: We created a multi-center, pancreatic trauma registry from 18 level 1 and 2 trauma centers. Adult, blunt or penetrating injured patients from 2005-2012 were analyzed...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787526/the-effect-of-verified-pediatric-trauma-centers-state-laws-and-crash-characteristics-on-time-trends-in-adolescent-motor-vehicle-fatalities-1999-2015
#16
David M Notrica, Lois W Sayrs, Nidhi Krishna
BACKGROUND: Motor vehicle crashes (MVCs) are a leading cause of adolescent death from trauma. A recent study found ACS verified pediatric trauma centers (vPTC) were inversely correlated with pediatric mortality, but the analysis was limited to a single year. This study assesses the contribution of vPTCs, crash characteristics, and state driver laws on 15 to 17 years old MVC mortality for all 50 states from 1999-2015. METHODS: Prospective data on motor vehicle fatalities, crash characteristics, state driving laws, and ACS verified trauma centers were collected from publically available sources for 50 U...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787464/costs-and-radiographic-outcomes-of-rotational-ankle-fractures-treated-by-orthopaedic-surgeons-with-or-without-trauma-fellowship-training
#17
Walter W Virkus, Robert J Wetzel, Todd O McKinley, Anthony T Sorkin, Jeffrey S Cheesman, Lauren C Hill, Laurence B Kempton
INTRODUCTION: We evaluated the radiographic outcomes and surgical costs of surgically treated rotational ankle fractures in our health system between providers who had completed a trauma fellowship and those who had not. METHODS: We grouped patients into those treated by trauma-trained orthopaedic surgeons (TTOS) and non-trauma-trained orthopaedic surgeons (NTTOS). We graded the quality of fracture reductions and calculated implant-related costs of treatment. RESULTS: A total of 208 fractures met the inclusion criteria, with 119 in the TTOS group and 89 in the NTTOS group...
May 18, 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786827/the-protective-effect-of-montelukast-against-skeletal-muscle-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-an-experimental-rat-model
#18
Mehmet İlker Bilgiç, Güray Altun, Hüsamettin Çakıcı, Kaan Gideroğlu, Gürsel Saka
BACKGROUND: Montelukast is a selective leukotriene D-4 receptor antagonist, which specifically and reversibly inhibits cysteinyl leukotriene-1 receptor. The aim of this study was to investigate the protective effect of Montelukast on skeletal muscle reperfusion injury created as acute ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury in Wistar-albino rats. METHODS: The study comprised 16 male Wistar-albino rats. The rats were randomly separated into two groups as control (IR) and treatment (IR+Montelukast)...
May 2018: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785695/differences-in-characteristics-and-outcome-of-patients-with-penetrating-injuries-in-the-usa-and-the-netherlands-a-multi-institutional-comparison
#19
Suzan Dijkink, Pieta Krijnen, Aglaia Hage, Gwendolyn M Van der Wilden, George Kasotakis, Dennis den Hartog, Ali Salim, J Carel Goslings, Frank W Bloemers, Steven J Rhemrev, David R King, George C Velmahos, Inger B Schipper
INTRODUCTION: The incidence and nature of penetrating injuries differ between countries. The aim of this study was to analyze characteristics and clinical outcomes of patients with penetrating injuries treated at urban Level-1 trauma centers in the USA (USTC) and the Netherlands (NLTC). METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, 1331 adult patients (470 from five NLTC and 861 from three USTC) with truncal penetrating injuries admitted between July 2011 and December 2014 were included...
May 21, 2018: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785693/massive-transfusion-the-revised-assessment-of-bleeding-and-transfusion-rabt-score
#20
Bellal Joseph, Muhammad Khan, Michael Truitt, Faisal Jehan, Narong Kulvatunyou, Asad Azim, Arpana Jain, Muhammad Zeeshan, Andrew Tang, Terence O'Keeffe
BACKGROUND: Massive transfusion (MT) is a lifesaving treatment for trauma patients with hemorrhagic shock, assessed by Assessment of Blood Consumption (ABC) Score based on mechanism of injury, systolic blood pressure (SBP), tachycardia, and FAST exam. The aim of this study was to assess the performance of ABC score by replacing hypotension and tachycardia; with Shock Index (SI) > 1.0 and including pelvic fractures. METHODS: We performed a 2-year (2014-2015) analysis of all high-level trauma activations and excluded patients dead on arrival...
May 21, 2018: World Journal of Surgery
keyword
keyword
71107
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"