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hepato cellular carcinoma

Huimin Qin, Hongtao Li, Xiaolin Zhou, Chen Peng, Honghu Tan, Minxin Wang
Presently, there have been a lot of documents confirmed that aflatoxin B1 could promote the incident rate of hepato-cellular carcinoma, but the specific mechanism is not completely clear. Some evidences showed that it might relate to oxidative stress and inflammatory reaction. So the rat hepato-cellular carcinoma model was applied in this study for being discussed. Aflatoxin B1 was applied for inducing the rats to produce hepato-cellular carcinoma model to evaluate the expression of histopathology and glutathione transferase...
2016: American Journal of Translational Research
E V Bocharov, O A Bocharova, Yu N Solov'ev, R V Karpova, V G Kucheryanu
Treatment of CBA mice predisposed to cancer with a complex phytoadaptogen in the therapeutic and preventive modes led to the appearance of moderate and low-differentiation hepato-cellular carcinomas infiltrated by leukocytes. Destructive signs were detected in tumor tissue.
September 2016: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
Lu Han, Cui Tang, Chunhua Yin
The application of cytotoxic chemotherapeutics in cancer therapy has been largely restricted by their lack of selectivity. Despite the existence of numerous targeted delivery systems, it is practically challenging to develop one single system to simultaneously cover tumor-targeted delivery of chemotherapeutics at the tissue, cellular, and subcellular levels. To solve this problem, pH-responsive core-shell structured nanoparticles (CSNPs) were self-assembled in this study to provide triple-stage targeted delivery of doxorubicin (DOX) from the injection site to the nuclei of cancer cells...
September 14, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Hajime Shigeto, Keisuke Nakatsuka, Takeshi Ikeda, Ryuichi Hirota, Akio Kuroda, Hisakage Funabashi
This letter discusses the feasibility of continuously monitoring specific mRNA expression responses in a living cell with a probe structured as a fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET)-based DNA nano-tweezer (DNA-NT). The FRET-based DNA-NT, self-assembled from three single-stranded DNAs, alters its structure from an open state to a closed state in recognition of a target mRNA, resulting in the closing of the distal relation of previously modified FRET-paired fluorescent dyes and generating a FRET signal...
August 16, 2016: Analytical Chemistry
Rénovat Ntagirabiri, Belyse Munezero, Caritas Nahimana, Evariste Ndabaneze
INTRODUCTION: Hepatitis B virus infection (VHB) is a serious condition which can lead to serious complications, such as cirrhosis and hepato-cellular carcinoma (HCC). HBV genotypes greatly influence its evolution and the effectiveness of treatment. The aim was to evaluate the HBV genotypes and the evolutionary pathways of chronic HBsAG patients. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted at the University Hospital of Kamenge and at the Digestive and liver diseases Center "CEMADIF" between June 2013 and Mai 2014...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
Vadanasundari Vedarethinam, Karthik Dhanaraj, Ilavenil Soundherrajan, Ravikumar Sivanesan
Hepato cellular carcinoma (HCC) is a type of malignant tumor. To investigate the proteins in cancer molecular mechanism and its role in HCC, we have used proteomic tools such as 2DE and MALDI-TOF-MS. Our investigation ravels that, plasma α-fetoprotein and carcinoembryonic antigen levels were elevated in DEN induced rats and gradually decreased after the treatment with 1,3BPMU. 2DE and MALDI-TOF-MS tool offers to identify the up and down regulation of proteins in HCC. Proteomic study reveals that, five differentially expressed proteins were identified in DEN induced rats and 1,3BPMU treated rats i...
April 2016: Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry: IJCB
Rama Kant, Dharmendra Kumar, Drishti Agarwal, Rinkoo Devi Gupta, Ragini Tilak, Satish Kumar Awasthi, Alka Agarwal
The present study was carried out in an attempt to synthesize a new class of antimicrobial and antiplasmodial agents by copper catalyzed click chemistry to afford 25 compounds 10-14(a-e) of 1,4-disubstituted-1,2,3-triazole derivatives of chalcones and flavones. The structures of the newly synthesized compounds were established by elemental analysis, IR, (1)H NMR, (13)C NMR and Mass spectral data. The newly synthesized compounds were evaluated for their antibacterial activity against Gram positive bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus, Enterococcus faecalis), Gram negative bacteria (Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Shigella boydii, Klebsiella pneumoniae) and antifungal activity against (Candida albicans, Candida tropicalis, Candida parapsilosis, Cryptococcus neoformans, Dermatophyte) as well as molds (Aspergillus niger, Aspergillus fumigatus)...
May 4, 2016: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Alessandro Giacomoni, Stefano Di Sandro, Matteo Donadon, Andrea Lauterio, Luca Belli, Iacopo Mangoni, Plamen Mihaylov, Giacomo Concone, Luciano De Carlis
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Selection of patients with hepa- to-cellular carcinoma for liver transplantation is gen- erally performed according to the so-called Milan cri- teria. The aim of this study was to learn whether, after down-staging loco-regional therapies, patients origi- nally non-fulfilling the MC (Milan-OUT) meet these criteria (Milan-IN). METHODOLOGY: Between January 2000 and December 2008, 172 patients with HCC re- ceived LT at our Department. Of these, 142 were sub- jected to DS before LT...
June 2015: Hepato-gastroenterology
Nour Elleuch, Rym Ennaifer, Hayfa Romdhane, Meryam Cheikh, Rania Hefaiedh, Wassila Bougassas, Houda Ben Nejma, Najet BelHadj
INTRODUCTION: Sorafenib, an oral multikinase inhibitor, has recentlybeen shown to improve overall survival in patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) but only a handful of reports of complete remission on sorafenib have been issued. CASE REPORT: We report an intriguing case of advanced HCC complicating HCV infection with cirrhosis, in which the patient achieved complete remission by prolonged administration of sorafenib. CONCLUSION: Identifying factors that could be associated with good response to this therapy are needed...
June 2015: La Tunisie Médicale
Sahar Olsadat Sajadian, Sabrina Ehnert, Haghighat Vakilian, Eirini Koutsouraki, Georg Damm, Daniel Seehofer, Wolfgang Thasler, Steven Dooley, Hossein Baharvand, Bence Sipos, Andreas K Nussler
BACKGROUND: Global deregulation of DNA methylation is one of the crucial causes of hepato cellular carcinoma (HCC). It has been reported that the anti-cancer drug 5-azacytidine (5-AZA) mediates the activation of tumor suppressor genes through passive demethylation by inhibiting DNMT1. Recent evidence suggests that active demethylation which is mediated by ten-eleven translocation (TET) proteins may also be an important step to control global methylation. However, there exists a controversial discussion in which TET proteins are involved in the demethylation process in HCC...
2015: Clinical Epigenetics
Andrea Belli, Corrado Fantini, Luigi Cioffi, Alberto D'Agostino, Giulio Belli
After an initial skepticism, minimally invasive liver surgery (MILS) gained popularity and is nowadays a consolidated option in specialized centers for the surgical treatment of selected patients affected by both benign and malignant liver diseases. Nevertheless, the role of MILS in the surgical treatment of hepato-cellular carcinoma (HCC) developed on the background of chronic liver disease is still a matter of debate. The indications and the current evidences on MILS for HCC are discussed in this paper. MILS being less invasive and harmful for the patients proved to offer a reduction in post-operative morbidity and specific benefits have been highlighted in case of patients affected by HCC and chronic liver disease...
June 2015: Updates in Surgery
Lei Cao, Xiaoyu Fan, Wei Jing, Yingchao Liang, Rui Chen, Yingying Liu, Minhui Zhu, Rongjie Jia, Hao Wang, Xueguang Zhang, Yanyun Zhang, Xuyu Zhou, Jian Zhao, Yajun Guo
There is increasing evidence to suggest that hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs) are sustained by a distinct subpopulation of self-renewing cells known as cancer stem cells. However, the precise signals required for maintenance of stemness-like properties of these cells are yet to be elucidated. Here, we demonstrated that the level of oncoprotein osteopontin (OPN) in tumor cells of the edge of bulk tumors was significantly correlated with the clinical prognosis of patients with HCC. OPN was highly expressed in side population fractions of HCC cell lines, as well as in dormant cells, spheroids and chemo-resistant cancer cells, all of which are considered as having stemness-like cellular features...
March 30, 2015: Oncotarget
Lu Han, Cui Tang, Chunhua Yin
Multifunctional nanocomplexes (NCs) consisting of urocanic acid-modified galactosylated trimethyl chitosan (UA-GT) conjugates as polymeric vectors, poly(allylamine hydrochloride)-citraconic anhydride (PAH-Cit) as charge-reversible crosslinkers, and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) siRNA as therapeutic genes, were rationally designed to simultaneously overcome the extracellular, cellular, and intracellular barriers for siRNA delivery. The strong physical stability of UA-GT/PAH-Cit/siRNA NCs (UA-GT NCs) at pH 7...
March 2015: Biomaterials
Daniel Richter, Christian Graeff, Oliver Jäkel, Stephanie E Combs, Marco Durante, Christoph Bert
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Interplay effects may limit the applicability of scanned ion beam therapy for moving tumors even if the motion amplitude is reduced by techniques such as gating or abdominal compression (AC). We investigate the potential of enhanced pencil beam overlap to mitigate residual motion interplay effects in scanned ion beam therapy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eight patients with hepato cellular carcinoma were selected who were either treated under AC (5 clinical target volumes (CTVs)) or with gating (6 CTVs)...
November 2014: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
Pratheeba Yogendrarajah, Liesbeth Jacxsens, Carl Lachat, Chaminda Niroshan Walpita, Patrick Kolsteren, Sarah De Saeger, Bruno De Meulenaer
A quantitative risk assessment of mycotoxins due to the consumption of chilli (Capsicum annum L.) and black pepper (Piper nigrum L.) was performed in Sri Lanka. A food frequency questionnaire was administered in order to collect the data on consumption of spices by households in the Northern and Southern region (n = 249). The mean chilli consumption in the North was significantly higher (p < 0.001) compared to the South. Mean exposure to aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) in the North (3.49 ng/kg BW/day) and South (2...
December 2014: Food and Chemical Toxicology
Abdolreza Sabokrouh, Mohammad Taghi Goodarzi, Asad Vaisi-Raygani, Shohreh Khatami, Masoud Taghizadeh-Jahed
BACKGROUND: Telomerase activity increases in cancer cells. Bcl-2 is an antiapoptotic factor that its concentration grows in many cancer cells including hepato-cellular carcinoma cells. In this study, an attempt was made to investigate the effects of a new synthetic compound, platinum azidothymidine (Pt-AZT) on treatment of rats with Hepatocellular Carcinoma (HCC) and to compare its effects with azidothymidine (AZT) in alteration of telomerase activity and Bcl-2 concentration in HCC. METHODS: Healthy adult male Wistar rats (n = 100) were randomly divided into 4 groups (A, B, C, and D)...
October 2014: Avicenna Journal of Medical Biotechnology
Roberto Luigi Cazzato, Xavier Buy, Nicolas Alberti, Mariane Fonck, Rosario Francesco Grasso, Jean Palussière
PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to investigate the technical feasibility of flat-panel cone-beam CT (CBCT)-guided radiofrequency ablation (RFA) of very small (<1.5 cm) liver tumors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients included were candidates for hepatic percutaneous RFA as they had single biopsy-proven hepatic tumors sized ≤ 1.5 cm and poorly defined on ultrasonography. Following apnea induction, unenhanced CBCT scans were acquired and used to deploy the RF electrode with the aid of a virtual navigation system...
February 2015: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
Soad Ghabeshi, Ruhollah Baktashi, Seyed Masoud Hosseini, Zohreh Sharifi
Mutations in the core promoter and precore regions of HBV cause down-regulation of HBeAg. These mutations are associated with chronic hepatitis, cirrhosis and Hepato Cellular Carcinoma (HCC). This study was carried out to sequence analysis of HBV core gene in HBsAg- positive blood donors in Iran. A total of 50 HBsAg- positive blood donor samples were examined in this study. Serological markers of hepatitis B including: HBsAg, HBeAg, HBeAb and HBcAb were measured by ELISA method. HBV-DNA was extracted from the sera, and then PCR was performed on extracted HBV-DNA  using specific primer of gene C...
November 2014: Archives of Iranian Medicine
Mohamad Hosein Somi, Ebrahim Fatahi, Jafar Panahi, Mohamad Reza Havasian, Arezo Judaki
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) consists of a range of complication. The disease describes clinical , para clinical and pathological conditions from simple steatosis in non-alcoholic steato hepatitis (NASH) to fibrosis, cirrhosis and hepato cellular carcinoma. Therefore, it is of interest to evaluate the grade of fatty liver and Liver Function Test in NAFLD patients. We collected samples and data from 80 patients referred to gastrointestinal clinic of Emam Reza hospital with sonography diagnosed NAFLD and were evaluated in two groups in a randomized clinical trial...
2014: Bioinformation
Takashi Morisaki, Tatsuya Hirano, Norihiro Koya, Akifumi Kiyota, Hiroto Tanaka, Masayo Umebayashi, Hideya Onishi, Mitsuo Katano
Natural-killer group 2, member D (NKG2D) is an activating receptor found on activated natural killer cells and on activated T-cells, here termed cytokine-activated killer (CAK) cells. NKG2D ligands are expressed on various human cancer types. Gemcitabine is an anticancer drug which is a less immune-destructive agent than others. Herein, we investigated the clinical efficacy and the underlying mechanisms of a combination of CAK cell infusion therapy and gemcitabine. Twenty-three patients with disseminated carcinomas were treated with chemo-immunotherapy consisting of CAK cell infusion therapy following gemcitabine treatment...
August 2014: Anticancer Research
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