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Postpartum haemorrhage

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904165/a-retrospective-perinatal-data-analysis-of-immigrant-and-german-women-from-representative-birth-cohorts-at-the-virchow-hospital-berlin
#1
R Armbrust, R von Rennenberg, M David
Introduction: The aim of this study was to define and characterise differences in the level of obstetric care provided to immigrant and German women. Materials and Methods: An analysis of the Virchow Hospital's birth registers was conducted for the years 1974, 1984 and 1994. The study population of 5445 patients was grouped according to ancestry/family origin on the basis of a name analysis, and subsequently also according to parity (primiparous or multiparous). On name analysis 2741 women were defined as German, 1598 were grouped as women of Turkish origin and 810 as immigrants of other origin...
November 2016: Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892433/efficacy-of-prophylactic-b-lynch-suture-during-lower-segment-caesarian-section-in-high-risk-patients-for-atonic-postpartum-haemorrhage
#2
M Vijayasree
Background Postpartum Haemorrhage causes significant maternal mortality and morbidity all over the world. Active management of the third stage of labour with oxytocics is come into practice. If postpartum haemorrhage is anticipated conservative surgical procedures like B-lynch suture is being applied. Objective To evaluate the effect of elective B-Lynch suture in preventing atonic postpartum haemorrhage during emergency caesarian section with high risk factors for atonicity. Method Forty antenatal women undergoing emergency caesarean section with risk factors for atony of the uterus were selected in our study...
January 2016: Kathmandu University Medical Journal (KUMJ)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885797/postpartum-haemorrhage-a-single-definition-is-no-longer-enough
#3
R S Kerr, A D Weeks
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 24, 2016: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883237/iron-concentration-in-breast-milk-normalised-within-one-week-of-a-single-high-dose-infusion-of-iron-in-randomised-controlled-trial
#4
Charlotte Holm, Lars Lykke Thomsen, Astrid Norgaard, Veronika Markova, Kim F Michaelsen, Jens Langhoff-Roos
AIM: We compared the iron concentration in breast milk after a single high-dose of intravenous iron isomaltoside or daily oral iron for postpartum haemorrhage. METHODS: In this randomised controlled trial, the women were allocated a single dose of intravenous 1,200mg iron isomaltoside or oral iron at a mean daily dose of 70.5mg. We included 65 women with sufficient breast milk three days after inclusion - 30 from the intravenous iron group and 35 from the oral iron group - and collected breast milk and maternal blood samples three days and one week after allocation...
November 23, 2016: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880841/association-between-maternal-mortality-and-cesarean-section-turkey-experience
#5
Cihangir Uzuncakmak, Hasene Ozcam
BACKGROUND: To investigate the cesarean Section (C/S) rates and maternal mortality (MM) causes and its relation between 2002 and 2013. METHODS: Data were gathered from Turkish Ministry of Health and Istanbul Health Administration. The Annual Clinical Reports for 2002-2013 were reviewed and analyzed: C/Ss and maternal deaths in women who gave birth ≥20 weeks between January 1, 2002, and December 31, 2013, in any hospital in Turkey and Istanbul. RESULTS: The major causes of MM were hemorrhage (20%), hypertensive disorders (18...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874995/changes-in-self-efficacy-collective-efficacy-and-patient-outcome-following-interprofessional-simulation-training-on-postpartum-haemorrhage
#6
Signe Egenberg, Pål Øian, Torbjørn Moe Eggebø, Mirjana Grujic Arsenovic, Lars Edvin Bru
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To examine whether interprofessional simulation training on management of postpartum haemorrhage enhances self-efficacy and collective efficacy and reduces the blood transfusion rate after birth. BACKGROUND: Postpartum haemorrhage is a leading cause of maternal morbidity and mortality worldwide, although it is preventable in most cases. Interprofessional simulation training might help improve the competence of health professionals dealing with postpartum haemorrhage, and more information is needed to determine its potential...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860117/development-of-a-core-outcome-set-for-epilepsy-in-pregnancy-e-core-a-national-multi-stakeholder-modified-delphi-consensus-study
#7
B H Al Wattar, K Tamilselvan, R Khan, A Kelso, A Sinha, A M Pirie, D McCorry, K S Khan, S Thangaratinam
OBJECTIVE: To develop a set of core outcomes for studies on pregnant women with epilepsy. DESIGN: Delphi consensus study. POPULATION: Healthcare professionals, and patient representatives with lived experience of epilepsy in the UK. METHODS: We used a modified Delphi method and a consultation meeting to achieve consensus. Potential outcomes were identified by systematic review, and were scored using a Likert scale anchored between 1 (least important) and 5 (most important)...
November 16, 2016: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847668/large-bowel-obstruction-a-delayed-complication-of-severe-gallstone-pancreatitis
#8
Neeraj Lal, John Whiting, Rahul Hejmadi, Sudarsanam Raman
Colonic complications are rare after acute pancreatitis but are associated with a high mortality. Possible complications include mechanical obstruction, ischaemic necrosis, haemorrhage, and fistula. We report a case of large bowel obstruction in a 31-year-old postpartum female, secondary to severe gallstone pancreatitis. The patient required emergency laparotomy and segmental bowel resection, as well as cholecystectomy. Presentation of obstruction occurs during the acute episode or can be delayed for several weeks...
2016: Case Reports in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829878/glanzmann-thrombasthenia-in-pregnancy-optimising-maternal-and-fetal-outcomes
#9
A Wijemanne, I Watt-Coote, S Austin
Glanzmann thrombasthenia is a rare autosomal recessive haemorrhagic disorder. The risks of miscarriage, antepartum and postpartum haemorrhage, and neonatal complications are all increased in individuals presenting with the disease in pregnancy. Some individuals may develop antibodies to platelet glycoproteins; the presence of these antibodies is a rare cause of neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia and potential intracranial haemorrhage. Multidisciplinary care is paramount for ensuring optimal fetal and maternal outcomes in such cases...
December 2016: Obstetric Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825028/peripartum-hysterectomy-incidence-risk-factors-and-clinical-characteristics-in-ireland
#10
Sarah M Campbell, Paul Corcoran, Edel Manning, Richard A Greene
BACKGROUND: The incidence of peripartum hysterectomy (PH) shows fifty-fold variation worldwide (0.2-10.5/1000 deliveries) and risk factors include advancing maternal age and parity, previous caesarean section (CS) and abnormal placentation. OBJECTIVES: In this first national study of PH in Ireland, our objectives were threefold: to describe the national trend in PH incidence over 15 years since 1999; to assess risk of PH associated with morbidly adherent placenta (MAP), placenta praevia and postpartum haemorrhage (PPH) during 2005-2013; and to describe the causes, interventions and outcomes of PH cases during 2011-2013...
October 27, 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821082/self-reported-pregnancy-related-health-problems-and-self-rated-health-status-in-rwandan-women-postpartum-a-population-based-cross-sectional-study
#11
Jean Paul S Semasaka, Gunilla Krantz, Manasse Nzayirambaho, Cyprien Munyanshongore, Kristina Edvardsson, Ingrid Mogren
BACKGROUND: Self-rated health status (SRH) can be used as a predictor of morbidity and mortality. Postpartum self-rated health has been used to estimate maternal morbidity and postpartum problems. Reproductive history factors are associated with poor self-rated health postpartum. This study investigated prevalence of self-reported health problems during first, second, and third trimesters of pregnancy, delivery, and postpartum. In addition, this study investigated SRH in Rwandan women up to 13 months from partus...
November 7, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816269/the-role-of-carbetocin-in-the-prevention-and-management-of-postpartum-haemorrhage
#12
REVIEW
L S Meshykhi, M R Nel, D N Lucas
Carbetocin is a new synthetic analogue of oxytocin. It has a longer half life than oxytocin. This review examines the current evidence for the use of carbetocin as an alternative to oxytocin, as a first-line agent in the pharmacological management of the third stage of labour.
December 2016: International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799240/observational-study-of-the-safety-of-buprenorphine-naloxone-in-pregnancy-in-a-rural-and-remote-population
#13
Naana Afua Jumah, Craig Edwards, Jazmyn Balfour-Boehm, Kassandra Loewen, Joseph Dooley, Lianne Gerber Finn, Len Kelly
OBJECTIVES: To describe the effect of in utero exposure to the buprenorphine+naloxone combination product in a rural and remote population. SETTING: A district hospital that services rural and remote, fly-in communities in Northwestern Ontario, Canada. PARTICIPANTS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted of 855 mother infant dyads between 1 July 2013 and 30 June 2015. Cases included all women who had exposure to buprenorphine+naloxone during pregnancy (n=62)...
October 31, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793112/effect-of-planned-place-of-birth-on-obstetric-interventions-and-maternal-outcomes-among-low-risk-women-a-cohort-study-in-the-netherlands
#14
N Bolten, A de Jonge, E Zwagerman, P Zwagerman, T Klomp, J J Zwart, C C Geerts
BACKGROUND: The use of interventions in childbirth has increased the past decades. There is concern that some women might receive more interventions than they really need. For low-risk women, midwife-led birth settings may be of importance as a counterbalance towards the increasing rate of interventions. The effect of planned place of birth on interventions in the Netherlands is not yet clear. This study aims to give insight into differences in obstetric interventions and maternal outcomes for planned home versus planned hospital birth among women in midwife-led care...
October 28, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793111/bipolar-disorder-in-pregnancy-and-childbirth-a-systematic-review-of-outcomes
#15
Marie Rusner, Marie Berg, Cecily Begley
BACKGROUND: Bipolar Disorder (BD) is a mental disorder usually diagnosed between 18 and 30 years of age; this coincides with the period when many women experience pregnancy and childbirth. As specific problems have been reported in pregnancy and childbirth when the mother has BD, a systematic review was carried out to summarise the outcomes of pregnancy and childbirth, in mother and child, when the mother has BD diagnosed before pregnancy. METHODS: An a priori protocol was designed and a systematic search conducted in PubMed, CINAHL, Scopus, PsycINFO and Cochrane databases in March 2015...
October 28, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790523/the-effect-of-anti-thyroid-peroxidase-antibodies-on-pregnancy-outcomes-in-euthyroid-women
#16
Monika Meena, Seema Chopra, Vanita Jain, Neelam Aggarwal
INTRODUCTION: Thyroid autoimmunity can have an adverse impact on the outcome of the pregnancy. Although the adverse effects of antithyroid antibodies have been well studied in hypothyroid women, their effects in euthyroid women are not well evaluated. AIM: The study was conducted to assess the overall prevalence of anti-Thyroid Peroxidase (anti-TPO) antibodies in pregnant women and the effect of anti-TPO positivity on the outcome of pregnancy in euthyroid women...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790522/the-effect-of-oxygen-inhalation-plus-oxytocin-compared-with-oxytocin-only-on-postpartum-haemorrhage-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#17
Zainab Suhrabi, Hamid Taghinejad, Ashraf Direkvand-Moghadam, Malihe Akbari
INTRODUCTION: Post Partum Haemorrhage (PPH) is the leading cause of maternal mortality across the world, mainly in the developing countries. AIM: The present study was conducted with the aim to investigate effect of oxygen inhalation plus oxytocin compared with oxytocin only on PPH. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was a clinical trial which was performed in Shahid Mustafa Khomieni Teaching Hospital of Ilam (western Iran) from April 2012 to Nov 2013...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787286/haemorrhage-at-caesarean-section-a-framework-for-prevention-and-research
#18
Jennifer E Jardine, Penny Law, Matthew Hogg, Deirdre Murphy, Khalid S Khan
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Caesarean section rates are increasing across the world. Postpartum haemorrhage is a major cause of morbidity and mortality; major haemorrhage is more common after caesarean delivery. There is a wide range of practice in the prevention and treatment of postpartum haemorrhage at caesarean section. The aim of this review is to summarize current opinion in the management of postpartum haemorrhage at caesarean section. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent large randomized controlled trials have shown a possible effect from the routine use of tranexamic acid and ergometrine...
December 2016: Current Opinion in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787232/the-response-of-rat-and-human-uterus-to-oxytocin-from-different-gestational-stages-in-vitro
#19
Mohammed F Alotaibi
Oxytocin (OT) and oxytocin receptors (OTRs) play essential roles in parturition and the effect of OT on uterine contractility is greatly influenced by the expression of OTRs in myometrium. We investigated the effect of OT on uterine strips isolated from non-pregnant, late-pregnant, term-pregnant, and labouring rats and from labouring and non-labouring women. Longitudinal uterine strips (from each gestational stage) were dissected and mounted vertically in an organ bath setup system and challenged with 5 nM OT and the effect was investigated on uterine contractility...
October 27, 2016: General Physiology and Biophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27781401/intrauterine-balloon-tamponade-for-management-of-severe-postpartum-haemorrhage-in-a-perinatal-network-a-prospective-cohort-study
#20
M Revert, J Cottenet, P Raynal, E Cibot, C Quantin, P Rozenberg
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of intrauterine balloon tamponade (IUBT) for management of severe postpartum haemorrhage (PPH). To identify the factors predicting IUBT failure. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Ten maternity units in a perinatal network. POPULATION: Women treated by IUBT from July 2010 to March 2013. METHODS: The global IUBT success rate was expressed as the number of women with severe PPH who were successfully treated by IUBT divided by the total number treated by IUBT...
October 25, 2016: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
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