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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26188962/medical-students-preferences-for-problem-based-learning-in-relation-to-culture-and-personality-a-multicultural-study
#1
Are Holen, Kedar Manandhar, Devendra S Pant, Biraj M Karmacharya, Linda M Olson, Rajendra Koju, Dil I Mansur
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore positive and negative preferences towards problem-based learning in relation to personality traits and socio-cultural context. METHODS: The study was an anonymous and voluntary cross-sectional survey of medical students (N=449) in hybrid problem-based curricula in Nepal, Norway and North Dakota. Data was collected on gender, age, year of study, cohabitation and medical school. The PBL Preference Inventory identified students' positive and negative preferences in relation to problem-based learning; the personality traits were detected by the NEO Five-Factor Inventory...
2015: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26067063/narj-subfamily-system-specific-chaperone-diversity-and-evolution-is-directed-by-respiratory-enzyme-associations
#2
Denice C Bay, Catherine S Chan, Raymond J Turner
BACKGROUND: Redox enzyme maturation proteins (REMPs) describe a diverse family of prokaryotic chaperones involved in the biogenesis of anaerobic complex iron sulfur molybdoenzyme (CISM) respiratory systems. Many REMP family studies have focused on NarJ subfamily members from Escherichia coli: NarJ, NarW, DmsD, TorD and YcdY. The aim of this bioinformatics study was to expand upon the evolution, distribution and genetic association of these 5 REMP members within 130 genome sequenced taxonomically diverse species representing 324 Prokaryotic sequences...
2015: BMC Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25345239/the-mother-teresa-effect-the-modulation-of-spirituality-in-using-the-cism-model-with-mental-health-service-providers
#3
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Mark Newmeyer, Benjamin Keyes, Sonji Gregory, Kamala Palmer, Daniel Buford, Priscilla Mondt, Benjamin Okai
Mental health service providers are at risk of experiencing compassion fatigue, burnout, and vicarious traumatization as a result of working in difficult contexts or when working with individuals who have experienced trauma. Numerous studies have examined the mitigating factors in professional caregivers' stress and related prevention strategies thought to be associated with professional self-care. This retrospective study examined the impact of debriefing strategies referred to as Critical Incident Stress Management (CISM) and spirituality in 22 mental health service providers working in a stressful, cross-cultural context...
2014: International Journal of Emergency Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24558698/eap-based-critical-incident-stress-management-utilization-of-a-practice-based-assessment-of-incident-severity-level-in-responding-to-workplace-trauma
#4
Gary S DeFraia
Central to the field of trauma psychology is assessment of the impact of critical incidents on individuals, as measured by individual symptoms of stress. Accordingly, the trauma literature reflects a proliferation of clinical impact of event scales. Workplace incidents however, affect not only individual employees, but also work organizations, requiring a multi-level response. Critical incident stress management (CISM) is the most prevalent multi-level incident response strategy utilized by organizations, often through specialized CISM units operating within their employee assistance programs (EAPs)...
2013: International Journal of Emergency Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24491831/critical-incident-stress-management-cism-in-complex-systems-cultural-adaptation-and-safety-impacts-in-healthcare
#5
Alice Müller-Leonhardt, Shannon G Mitchell, Joachim Vogt, Tim Schürmann
In complex systems, such as hospitals or air traffic control operations, critical incidents (CIs) are unavoidable. These incidents can not only become critical for victims but also for professionals working at the "sharp end" who may have to deal with critical incident stress (CIS) reactions that may be severe and impede emotional, physical, cognitive and social functioning. These CIS reactions may occur not only under exceptional conditions but also during every-day work and become an important safety issue...
July 2014: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24187886/an-exploration-and-analysis-on-the-timeliness-of-critical-incident-stress-management-interventions-in-healthcare
#6
Ross Priebe, Leah L Thomas-Olson
There is debate in the literature regarding the definition and effectiveness of "early" critical incident stress management (CISM) interventions. Definitions range from interventions that take place within twelve hours (Everly and Mitchell, 1999; Stallard, Velleman, Salter & Howse, 2005) and up to a three month window (Bisson & Cohen, 2006). Others define early support as an intervention directly after an incident, before the individual leaves work and definitely before having their first sleep (Talbot, 1990; Snelgrove, 2000)...
2013: International Journal of Emergency Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23982196/-second-victim-critical-incident-stress-management-in-clinical-medicine
#7
B Schiechtl, M S Hunger, D L Schwappach, C E Schmidt, S A Padosch
BACKGROUND: Critical incidents in clinical medicine can have far-reaching consequences on patient health. In cases of severe medical errors they can seriously harm the patient or even lead to death. The involvement in such an event can result in a stress reaction, a so-called acute posttraumatic stress disorder in the healthcare provider, the so-called second victim of an adverse event. Psychological distress may not only have a long lasting impact on quality of life of the physician or caregiver involved but it may also affect the ability to provide safe patient care in the aftermath of adverse events...
September 2013: Der Anaesthesist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23980493/introducing-embedded-indigenous-psychological-support-teams-a-suggested-addition-to-psychological-first-aid-in-an-international-context
#8
REVIEW
Amanda Edwards-Stewart, Zeba S Ahmad, John W Thoburn, Rich Furman, Ashly J Lambert, Lauren Shelly, Ginger Gunn
The current article introduces Embedded Indigenous Psychological Support Teams (IPST) as a possible addition to current disaster relief efforts. This article highlights psychological first aid in an international context by drawing on mainstream disaster relief models such as The American Red Cross, Critical Incident Stress Management, and Flexible Psychological First Aid. IPST are explained as teams utilizing techniques from both CISM and FPFA with a focus on resiliency. It is currently theorized that in utilizing IPST existing disaster relief models may be more effective in mitigating negative physical or mental health consequences post-disaster...
2012: International Journal of Emergency Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23894797/the-effects-of-mortality-salience-and-conceptual-focus-in-cism-providers-implications-for-mental-health-response-to-mass-fatality-disasters
#9
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Hope E Morrow, Robert Haussmann
On the basis of terror management theory (TMT) and cognitive-experiential self-theory (CEST), research has demonstrated that when individuals are experientially (rather than rationally)focused, mortality salience (MS) can engender world view defense in the form of increased in-group bias, increased favoritism toward others who uphold cultural values, and greater derogation of those who threaten them. The goal of the present study was to replicate previously observed effects of mortality salience on world view defense in a sample of disaster responders, specifically Criticallncident Stress Management (CISM) providers, and to examine the potential moderating effect of conceptual mode (rational versus experiential) on these effects...
2012: International Journal of Emergency Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23837653/usefulness-and-limitations-of-e-cadherin-and-%C3%AE-catenin-in-the-classification-of-breast-carcinomas-in-situ-with-mixed-pattern
#10
Douglas S Gomes, Simone S Porto, Rafael M Rocha, Helenice Gobbi
BACKGROUND: The distinction between lobular neoplasia of the breast and ductal carcinoma in situ has important therapeutic implications. In some cases, it is very difficult to determine whether the morphology of the lesion is ductal or lobular. The aim of this study was to evaluate the value of E-cadherin and β-catenin expression through the immunophenotypical characterization of carcinoma in situ with mixed pattern (CISM). METHODS: A total of 25 cases of CISM were analyzed considering cytology/mixed architecture (ductal and lobular), nuclear pleomorphism, loss of cell cohesion, and presence of comedonecrosis...
2013: Diagnostic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23739958/spinal-commissural-connections-to-motoneurons-controlling-the-primate-hand-and-wrist
#11
Demetris S Soteropoulos, Steve A Edgley, Stuart N Baker
Left-right coordination is essential for locomotor movements and is partly mediated by spinal commissural systems. Such coordination is also essential for reaching and manipulation in primates, but the role of spinal commissural systems here has not been studied. We investigated commissural connectivity to motoneurons innervating forelimb muscles using intracellular recordings in acutely anesthetized macaque monkeys. In 57 of 81 motoneurons, synaptic responses (52 of 57 excitatory) were evoked after contralateral intraspinal microstimulation in the gray matter (cISMS; 300 μA maximum current intensity)...
June 5, 2013: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23481370/a-variant-conferring-cofactor-dependent-assembly-of-escherichia-coli-dimethylsulfoxide-reductase
#12
Huipo Tang, Richard A Rothery, Joel H Weiner
We have investigated the final steps of complex iron-sulfur molybdoenzyme (CISM) maturation using Escherichia coli DMSO reductase (DmsABC) as a model system. The catalytic subunit of this enzyme, DmsA, contains an iron-sulfur cluster (FS0) and a molybdo-bis(pyranopterin guanine dinucleotide) cofactor (Mo-bisPGD). We have identified a variant of DmsA (Cys59Ser) that renders enzyme maturation sensitive to molybdenum cofactor availability. DmsA-Cys59 is a ligand to the FS0 [4Fe-4S] cluster. In the presence of trace amounts of molybdate, the Cys59Ser variant assembles normally to the cytoplasmic membrane and supports respiratory growth on DMSO, although the ground state of FS0 as determined by EPR is converted from high-spin (S=3/2) to low-spin (S=1/2)...
June 2013: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23454059/on-the-antiquity-of-metalloenzymes-and-their-substrates-in-bioenergetics
#13
Wolfgang Nitschke, Shawn E McGlynn, E James Milner-White, Michael J Russell
Many metalloenzymes that inject and extract reducing equivalents at the beginning and the end of electron transport chains involved in chemiosmosis are suggested, through phylogenetic analysis, to have been present in the Last Universal Common Ancestor (LUCA). Their active centres are affine with the structures of minerals presumed to contribute to precipitate membranes produced on the mixing of hydrothermal solutions with the Hadean Ocean ~4 billion years ago. These mineral precipitates consist of transition element sulphides and oxides such as nickelian mackinawite ([Fe>Ni]2S2), a nickel-bearing greigite (~FeSS[Fe3NiS4]SSFe), violarite (~NiSS[Fe2Ni2S4]SSNi), a molybdenum bearing complex (~Mo(IV/VI)2Fe3S(0/2-)9) and green rust or fougerite (~[Fe(II)Fe(III)(OH)4](+)[OH](-))...
August 2013: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22355775/the-ineluctable-requirement-for-the-trans-iron-elements-molybdenum-and-or-tungsten-in-the-origin-of-life
#14
Barbara Schoepp-Cothenet, Robert van Lis, Pascal Philippot, Axel Magalon, Michael J Russell, Wolfgang Nitschke
An evolutionary tree of key enzymes from the Complex-Iron-Sulfur-Molybdoenzyme (CISM) superfamily distinguishes "ancient" members, i.e. enzymes present already in the last universal common ancestor (LUCA) of prokaryotes, from more recently evolved subfamilies. The majority of the presented subfamilies and, as a consequence, the Molybdo-enzyme superfamily as a whole, appear to have existed in LUCA. The results are discussed with respect to the nature of bioenergetic substrates available to early life and to problems arising from the low solubility of molybdenum under conditions of the primordial Earth...
2012: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21473365/critical-incident-stress-management-cism-in-support-of-special-agents-and-other-first-responders-responding-to-the-fort-hood-shooting-summary-and-recommendations
#15
Russell Strand, Karina Felices, Kenneth Williams
On November 5, 2009, an individual entered the Fort Hood Soldier Readiness Processing (SRP) site and opened fire with a handgun. The result of the shooting was a total of 13 people killed and 31 wounded. A two-person critical incident peer support (CIPS) team from the United States Army Military Police School (USAMPS) provided critical incident stress management (CISM) in the forms of critical incident stress debriefings (CISD) and one-on-one crisis intervention for investigators and their spouses. This article provides a summary and discussion of the results of the interventions that were conducted...
2010: International Journal of Emergency Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20828090/a-time-for-renewal-a-lessons-learned-review-on-the-role-of-cism-in-caring-for-missionaries-after-the-rwandan-genocide
#16
Martin W Feldbush, Jeffrey T Mitchell
In 1994 more than 800,000 people were killed in the Rwandan genocide. Seventh Day Adventist missionaries were forced to evacuate the country under conditions of extraordinary stress and personal threat. Their Church was faced with the necessity of rapidly developing a spectrum of support services to assist the distressed missionaries and their family members in the immediate aftermath of the catastrophe. Individual missionaries, and sometimes their entire family units, had witnessed horrific atrocities perpetrated against members of their congregations and the general public...
2010: International Journal of Emergency Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20437846/cultural-differences-in-dealing-with-critical-incidents
#17
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Jörg Leonhardt, Joachim Vogt
This article discusses the cultural aspects of High Reliability Organizations (HROs), such as air navigation services. HROs must maintain a highly professional safety culture and constantly be prepared to handle crises. The article begins with a general discussion of the concept of organizational culture. The special characteristics of HROs and their safety culture is then described. Finally the article illustrates how Critical Incident Stress Management (CISM) is becoming an ingrained feature of the organizational culture in air traffic control systems...
2009: International Journal of Emergency Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19927498/navigating-dangerous-waters-the-utility-of-critical-incident-stress-management-for-college-and-university-based-counseling-centers
#18
Kathryn J Lewis Ginebaugh, Eric Klingensmith, Barbara Palombi
University and college counseling center personnel are called upon to provide routine and emergency mental health services for individuals and groups within the campus community. While highly trained and skilled in individual and small group therapy consultation, and outreach, most higher-education based clinicians do not have specialized training to respond to larger-scale traumatic or critical incidents. Such training is necessary to provide responsible and effective intervention. An approach to these incidents that is research-based, comprehensive, and flexible is Critical Incident Stress Management (CISM)...
2009: International Journal of Emergency Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19927497/partnerships-for-effective-campus-crisis-responses
#19
Mira Ingemann, LaTrelle Jackson, Jeffrey Pittman
Violence on college campuses has spurred administrators and campus safety officials to devise effective crisis management and threat assessment strategies. The college community lends itself to a systematic multi-component model of crisis intervention primarily due to its self-contained and widespread interconnected social networks. The CISM model for a crisis response is an empirically supported program that would inform practice prior to, during, and following university-based crises. Ultimately, best practices in the world of academia should rest on a foundation of detailed preparation, interdepartmental collaboration and coordination, extensive specialized training, and periodic review of campus protocols to assess for systemic changes...
2009: International Journal of Emergency Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19278141/reflections-on-the-debriefing-debate
#20
Robyn Robinson
This article examines the debate on debriefing that has persisted for two decades and remains largely unresolved to this day. A brief history of Critical Incident Stress Management (CISM) and Critical Incident Stress Debriefing (CISD) is given, these being the subject of the debate, followed by a summary of the development and current status of the debate. Discussion follows on why the opposing positions appear to be at a stalemate.
2008: International Journal of Emergency Mental Health
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