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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535365/leukocyte-telomere-length-in-postmenopausal-women
#1
Holly J Jones, Susan L Janson, Kathryn A Lee
OBJECTIVE: To compare leukocyte telomere length (LTL) by race and describe demographic, health, and psychosocial factors associated with LTL in postmenopausal women. DESIGN: Descriptive study with comparative analyses and correlations. SETTING: Data were collected at the University of California-San Francisco, San Francisco Clinical and Translational Science Institute. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-nine African American and White postmenopausal women between 58 and 65 years of age (mean age = 61...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535362/tympanostomy-tube-placement-vs-medical-management-for-recurrent-acute-otitis-media-in-tricare-insured-children
#2
Nikhila Raol, Meesha Sharma, Emily F Boss, Wei Jiang, John W Scott, Peter Learn, Joel S Weissman
Objective To compare number of infections and health care utilization in children insured by TRICARE with recurrent acute otitis media (RAOM) managed surgically with tympanostomy tube (TT) placement compared with those managed medically. Study Design Retrospective matched cohort study. Setting TRICARE claims database from 2006 to 2010. Subjects and Methods We matched TRICARE beneficiaries ≤5 years of age diagnosed with RAOM who underwent TT placement with those managed medically using 1:1 coarsened-exact matching on age, sex, race, sponsor rank, and region...
May 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535301/life-events-and-black-white-differences-in-adult-children-s-financial-assistance-to-mothers
#3
Sung S Park
Background and Objectives: Parents who experience life events with negative economic consequences may rely on adult children for financial assistance. This study provided national estimates of Black and White mothers' financial help from adult children. It also examined whether the Black-White difference in the likelihood of a mother's receipt of financial assistance persisted after accounting for life events reflecting parental need and children's ability to provide help. Research Design and Methods: The Health and Retirement Study was used to examine late middle aged (51-70) Black and White mothers' financial help from adult children...
May 23, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535297/antihypertensive-adherence-trajectories-among-older-adults-in-the-first-year-after-initiation-of-therapy
#4
Jennifer L Hargrove, Virginia Pate, Carri H Casteel, Yvonne M Golightly, Laura R Loehr, Stephen W Marshall, Til Stürmer
BACKGROUND: Adherence to antihypertensives is suboptimal, but previous methods of quantifying adherence fail to account for varying patterns of use over time. We sought to improve classification of antihypertensive adherence using group-based trajectory models, and to determine whether individual factors predict adherence trajectories. METHODS: We identified older adults initiating antihypertensive therapy during 2008-2011 using a 20% sample of Medicare (federal health insurance available to US residents over the age of 65) beneficiaries enrolled in parts A (inpatient services), B (outpatient services), and D (prescription medication)...
May 23, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535230/race-vs-burden-in-understanding-health-equity-reply
#5
David A Kindig
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 23, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535227/race-vs-burden-in-understanding-health-equity
#6
Rachel R Hardeman, Eduardo M Medina, Katy B Kozhimannil
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 23, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534304/an-american-crisis-the-lack-of-black-men-in-medicine
#7
Cato T Laurencin, Marsha Murray
The current state of diversity within the US medical workforce does not reflect representative numbers of the Black male population. Research data continues to reveal continuing trends in the areas of discrimination, incarceration, health disparities, and mortality with respect to Black males. The lack of increase in Black male medical school applications and matriculation contrasted by the continuing trends mentioned above illustrates that there is in fact an American crisis. We present here a call to arms, to address the need of African-American men in medicine...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534243/elevated-prevalence-of-suicide-attempts-among-victims-of-police-violence-in-the-usa
#8
Jordan E DeVylder, Jodi J Frey, Courtney D Cogburn, Holly C Wilcox, Tanya L Sharpe, Hans Y Oh, Boyoung Nam, Bruce G Link
Recent evidence suggests that police victimization is widespread in the USA and psychologically impactful. We hypothesized that civilian-reported police victimization, particularly assaultive victimization (i.e., physical/sexual), would be associated with a greater prevalence of suicide attempts and suicidal ideation. Data were drawn from the Survey of Police-Public Encounters, a population-based survey of adults (N = 1615) residing in four US cities. Surveys assessed lifetime exposure to police victimization based on the World Health Organization domains of violence (i...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532767/job-strain-and-cardiovascular-health-score-from-the-brazilian-longitudinal-study-of-adult-health-elsa-brasil-baseline
#9
Priscila T P Rocco, Isabela M Bensenor, Rosane H Griep, Arlinda B Moreno, Airlane P Alencar, Paulo A Lotufo, Itamar S Santos
We aimed to study the association between the American Heart Association cardiovascular health (CVH) score and job strain in the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health baseline. We analyzed data from 11,351 active workers (aged 35 to 74 years) without overt cardiovascular disease and who had complete data. Job strain was assessed using the 17-item Brazilian version of the Swedish Job Demand-Control-Support Questionnaire. Clinical (fasting plasma glucose, total cholesterol, and blood pressure) and lifestyle (diet, physical activity, smoking, and body mass index) components of CVH score were assessed according to the American Heart Association criteria...
April 27, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532446/dual-burden-of-malnutrition-in-us-affiliated-pacific-jurisdictions-in-the-children-s-healthy-living-program
#10
Rachel Novotny, Fenfang Li, Rachael Leon Guerrero, Patricia Coleman, Aifili J Tufa, Andrea Bersamin, Jonathan Deenik, Lynne R Wilkens
BACKGROUND: Few data are available on dual burden of under and over nutrition of children in the Pacific region. The objective was to examine prevalence of stunting at birth and current stunting and their relationship to obesity in US Affiliated Pacific (USAP) jurisdictions. METHODS: Cross sectional survey with cluster sampling by community. 5558, 2-8 years olds were measured in 51 communities in 11 USAP jurisdictions. The main outcome measures were stunting at birth, current stunting and obesity by body mass index...
May 22, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530512/deaflympians-satisfaction-with-athletic-training-services-at-the-2013-deaflympic-summer-games
#11
Matthew Paul Brancaleone, René Revis Shingles, Nailya DeLellis
CONTEXT:   Athletic trainers have the opportunity to treat unique populations. Determining athletes' satisfaction with the athletic training services supplied can offer insights into how to improve the health care provided to athletes. OBJECTIVE:   To explore Deaflympians' satisfaction with athletic training services at the 2013 Deaflympic Summer Games. DESIGN:   Cross-sectional survey. SETTING:   The 2013 Deaflympic Summer Games in Sofia, Bulgaria...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530431/socioeconomic-status-and-parenting-during-adolescence-in-relation-to-ideal-cardiovascular-health-in-black-and-white-men
#12
Karen A Matthews, Jennifer M Boylan, Karen P Jakubowski, Jenny M Cundiff, Laisze Lee, Dustin A Pardini, J Richard Jennings
OBJECTIVE: American Heart Association (AHA) developed a new metric to evaluate ideal cardiovascular health based on optimal levels of 7 cardiovascular risk factors and health behaviors. We evaluated the relationships of parenting characteristics and academic achievement in adolescence in relation to ideal cardiovascular health in midlife men. METHOD: We measured cardiovascular risk factors in 171 Black and 136 White men and their ideal cardiovascular health score was constructed based on AHA guidelines...
May 22, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530381/diabetes-update-risk-factors-screening-diagnosis-and-prevention-of-type-2-diabetes
#13
Beth Choby
Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is the result of insulin resistance. Significant differences are noted in the prevalence of T2D among races. Screening recommendations vary by subspecialty society. Asian Americans should be screened for T2D at a lower body mass index (BMI) (ie, 23 kg/m(2)) than other racial groups. Risk factors for T2D include high-risk ethnicity, obesity, taking of certain drugs (including statins), and gestational diabetes. Health disparities and genetics also influence risk of T2D, although these complexities continue to be poorly understood...
May 2017: FP Essentials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529756/a-socioecological-framework-for-research-on-work-and-obesity-in-diverse-urban-transit-operators-based-on-gender-race-and-ethnicity
#14
REVIEW
BongKyoo Choi, Peter Schnall, Marnie Dobson, Haiou Yang, Dean Baker, YoungJu Seo
Urban transit (bus and rail) operators, totaling nearly 700,000 persons, are one of the heaviest occupational groups in the United States (US). Little is known about occupational risk factors for weight gain and obesity and their interrelationship with health-related behaviors, particularly among female minority (African Americans and Hispanics) transit operators who are at greater risk for obesity. As a step towards developing successful obesity interventions among urban transit operators, this paper aims to present a new socioecological framework for studying working conditions, chronic strain, health-related behaviors, weight gain/obesity, and obesity disparity in diverse urban transit operators based on gender, race, and ethnicity...
2017: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529226/self-perceived-income-sufficiency-and-self-reported-income-level-among-a-health-inequity-population
#15
Yelena N Tarasenko, Nancy E Schoenberg
This study presents a dynamic approach to collecting income information. We conducted a cross-sectional survey of 2,022 residents of historically underserved Appalachian Kentucky, an ideal location due to pervasive low income and our ability to control for potential confounders such as race/ethnicity and residential heterogeneity. In unadjusted analyses, nearly half of the sample indicated they struggled to meet their needs; 43% said they made just enough to get by; and 10% indicated they had more than they needed to live well...
2017: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529222/the-effect-of-childhood-household-dysfunction-on-future-hiv-risk-among-probationers
#16
Brittany Marshall, Stephanie A Spohr, Faye S Taxman, Scott T Walters
INTRODUCTION: Adverse childhood events (ACE) can lead to numerous health risks in adulthood. ACEs coupled with increased risk-taking behaviors can lead to increased risk for HIV infection, particularly in vulnerable populations. The purpose of this study was to determine if mental health symptom severity mediates the relationship between childhood household dysfunction and adult HIV risk among a group of probationers. METHODS: T-tests were used to evaluate associations between demographic characteristics and cumulative engagement in sexual risk behaviors in 282 drug-involved probationers...
2017: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528373/the-association-between-primary-source-of-healthcare-coverage-and-colorectal-cancer-screening-among-us-veterans
#17
Folasade P May, Elizabeth M Yano, Dawn Provenzale, W Neil Steers, Donna L Washington
BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a deadly but largely preventable disease. Screening improves outcomes, but screening rates vary across healthcare coverage models. In the Veterans Health Administration (VA), screening rates are high; however, it is unknown how CRC screening rates compare for Veterans with other types of healthcare coverage. AIMS: To determine whether Veterans with Veteran-status-related coverage (VA, military, TRICARE) have higher rates of CRC screening than Veterans with alternate sources of healthcare coverage...
May 20, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527750/estimating-serum-concentrations-of-dioxin-like-compounds-in-the-u-s-population-effective-2005-2006-and-2007-2008-a-multiple-imputation-and-trending-approach-incorporating-nhanes-pooled-sample-data
#18
Anne Bichteler, Daniele S Wikoff, Francis Loko, Mark A Harris
Dioxin-like compounds (DLCs) are monitored in the U.S. population using data collected with the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). Until recently, participants' serum samples have been analyzed individually, and summary statistics defining reference ranges by age, gender, and race/ethnicity have served as the background by which other biomonitoring data can be evaluated. In the most recent NHANES DLC data, 2005-2006 and 2007-2008, participants' sera have been physically pooled prior to laboratory analysis, introducing major challenges to their utility as a reference population: variability among individuals and relations with covariates are lost, and individual design effects cannot be applied...
May 18, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527373/-i-don-t-believe-it-acceptance-and-skepticism-of-genetic-health-information-among-african-american-and-white-smokers
#19
Erika A Waters, Linda Ball, Sarah Gehlert
RATIONALE: Effective translation of genomics research into practice depends on public acceptance of genomics-related health information. OBJECTIVE: To explore how smokers come to accept or reject information about the relationship between genetics and nicotine addiction. METHODS: Thirteen focus groups (N = 84) were stratified by education (seven < Bachelor's degree, six ≥ Bachelor's degree) and race (eight black, five white). Participants viewed a 1-min video describing the discovery of a genetic variant associated with increased risk of nicotine addiction and lung cancer...
May 3, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526253/racial-ethnic-differences-in-sleep-quality-among-older-adults-with-osteoarthritis
#20
Patricia A Parmelee, Brian S Cox, Jason A DeCaro, Francis J Keefe, Dylan M Smith
OBJECTIVE: To examine racial/ethnic differences in sleep quality and the pain-sleep association among older adults with osteoarthritis of the knee. DESIGN: Baseline interview followed by a 7-day microlongitudinal study using accelerometry and self-reports. SETTING: Participants were community residents in western Alabama and Long Island, NY. PARTICIPANTS: Ninety-six African Americans (AAs) and 128 non-Hispanic whites (NHWs) with physician-diagnosed knee osteoarthritis, recruited from a variety of clinical and community settings...
June 2017: Sleep Health
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