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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145698/illicit-drug-use-illicit-drug-use-disorders-and-drug-overdose-deaths-in-metropolitan-and-nonmetropolitan-areas-united-states
#1
EDITORIAL
Karin A Mack, Christopher M Jones, Michael F Ballesteros
PROBLEM/CONDITION: Drug overdoses are a leading cause of injury death in the United States, resulting in approximately 52,000 deaths in 2015. Understanding differences in illicit drug use, illicit drug use disorders, and overall drug overdose deaths in metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas is important for informing public health programs, interventions, and policies. REPORTING PERIOD: Illicit drug use and drug use disorders during 2003-2014, and drug overdose deaths during 1999-2015...
December 2017: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145356/quickstats-percentage-of-adults-aged-20-64-years-whose-blood-cholesterol-was-checked-by-a-health-professional-in-the-past-12-months-%C3%A2-by-race-ethnicity-%C3%A2-national-health-interview-survey-%C3%A2-united-states-2011-and-2016
#2
(no author information available yet)
The percentage of adults aged 20-64 years who had a blood cholesterol check by a health professional in the past 12 months increased from 56.0% in 2011 to 61.7% in 2016. From 2011 to 2016, there was an increase in the percentage of adults with a blood cholesterol check among Hispanic (49.0% to 56.7%), non-Hispanic white (56.8% to 62.5%), non-Hispanic black (60.8% to 65.6%), and non-Hispanic Asian (55.8% to 63.0%) persons. In both years, non-Hispanic black adults were more likely than non-Hispanic white adults to have had a blood cholesterol check, and Hispanic adults were the least likely to have had a blood cholesterol check...
November 17, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144892/preventable-tooth-loss-in-hawai-i-the-role-of-socioeconomic-status-diabetes-and-dental-visits
#3
Mikako Deguchi, Marjorie K Leimomi Mala Mau, James Davis, Richard Niederman
INTRODUCTION: Tooth preservation in adults and children is one of the Healthy People 2020 goals for oral health. Although the overall prevalence of tooth loss has been declining in the United States, substantial racial/ethnic differences in preventable tooth loss persist as a public health problem. We examined the strength of the association of health risk factors and tooth loss in Hawai'i. METHODS: We used data from the Hawai'i Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System survey collected from 2011 through 2014...
November 16, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143320/accelerometer-measured-physical-activity-and-mortality-in-women-aged-63-to-99
#4
Michael J LaMonte, David M Buchner, Eileen Rillamas-Sun, Chongzhi Di, Kelley R Evenson, John Bellettiere, Cora E Lewis, I-Min Lee, Lesly F Tinker, Rebecca Seguin, Oleg Zaslovsky, Charles B Eaton, Marcia L Stefanick, Andrea Z LaCroix
OBJECTIVES: To prospectively examine associations between accelerometer-measured physical activity (PA) and mortality in older women, with an emphasis on light-intensity PA. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study with baseline data collection between March 2012 and April 2014. SETTING: Women's Health Initiative cohort in the United States. PARTICIPANTS: Community-dwelling women aged 63 to 99 (N = 6,382). MEASUREMENTS: Minutes per day of usual PA measured using hip-worn triaxial accelerometers, physical functioning measured using the Short Physical Performance Battery, mortality follow-up for a mean 3...
November 16, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142937/geographic-variation-and-us-county-characteristics-associated-with-rapid-kidney-function-decline
#5
Benjamin Bowe, Yan Xie, Hong Xian, Min Lian, Ziyad Al-Aly
Introduction: Geographic variation in the prevalence of chronic kidney disease and incidence of end-stage renal disease has been previously reported. However, the geographic epidemiology of rapid estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) decline has not been examined. Methods: We built a longitudinal cohort of 2,107,570 US veterans to characterize the spatial epidemiology of and examine the associations between US county characteristics and rapid eGFR decline...
January 2017: KI Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141052/association-between-urinary-manganese-and-blood-pressure-results-from-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-nhanes-2011-2014
#6
Cynthia Wu, Jessica G Woo, Nanhua Zhang
Manganese is a trace mineral required for metabolism, growth and tissue formation, and reproduction. It is mainly obtained through food and water, as well as through occupational exposure. This study used data from National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, combining the 2011-12 and 2013-14 cycles. We conducted linear regression analyses on urinary manganese and blood pressure. Significant negative associations (p<0.01) between urinary manganese and both systolic and diastolic blood pressure existed after adjusting for age, sex, body mass index, race/ethnicity, and status of taking antihypertensive medication...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140900/associations-between-bmi-change-and-cardiometabolic-risk-in-retired-football-players
#7
Eric T Trexler, Abbie E Smith-Ryan, J D DeFreese, Stephen W Marshall, Kevin M Guskiewicz, Zachary Y Kerr
PURPOSE: Elevated rates of cardiometabolic diseases have been observed in former American football players. The current study sought to determine if change in body mass index (ΔBMI) following retirement influences the prevalence of coronary heart disease (CHD), diabetes, or high blood pressure (HBP) in former professional football players. METHODS: Retired professional football players (n=3,729) were sent a survey with questions regarding health status, playing history, and demographic information...
November 14, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140157/case-study-body-composition-periodization-in-an-olympic-level-female-middle-distance-runner-over-a-9-year-career
#8
Trent Stellingwerff
This case-study features an Olympic-level female middle-distance runner implementing a science-based approach to body composition periodization. Data is emerging to suggest that it is not sustainable from a health and/or performance perspective to be at peak body composition year-round, so body composition needs to be strategically periodized. Anthropometric (n=44), hematological, other health measures and 1500m race performances (n=83) were periodically assessed throughout a 9-year career. General preparation phase (September to April) featured the athlete at ~2 to 4% over ideal competition phase body weight (BW) and body fat (%) with optimal energy availability being prioritized...
November 15, 2017: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138599/mortality-in-adults-with-and-without-diabetes-is-the-gap-widening
#9
Zhiqiang Wang, Huiying Zhang, Meina Liu
Objective: We aimed to assess if the gap in mortality between adults with and without diabetes has widened over time in US adults. Methods and study design: This cohort study included 44,041 adults with diabetes from the US National Health Interview Survey between 1986 and 2009 linked to the National Mortality Index data up to 2011. Each participant with diabetes was matched to two participants without diabetes by age, sex, race, survey year, and region of residence (88,082 persons without diabetes)...
2017: Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138590/the-prevalence-of-probable-neuropathic-pain-in-the-us-results-from-a-multimodal-general-population-health-survey
#10
Marco D DiBonaventura, Alesia Sadosky, Kristen Concialdi, Markay Hopps, Ian Kudel, Bruce Parsons, Joseph C Cappelleri, Patrick Hlavacek, Andrea H Alexander, Brett R Stacey, John D Markman, John T Farrar
Background: The prevalence of neuropathic pain (NeP) has been estimated within specific health conditions; however, there are no published data on its broad prevalence in the US. The current exploratory study addresses this gap using the validated PainDetect questionnaire as a screener for probable NeP in a general-population health survey conducted with a multimodal recruitment strategy to maximize demographic representativeness. Materials and methods: Adult respondents were recruited from a combination of Internet panels, telephone lists, address lists, mall-based interviews, and store-receipt invitations using a random stratified-sampling framework, with strata defined by age, sex, and race/ethnicity...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137950/linking-race-cancer-outcomes-and-tissue-repair
#11
REVIEW
Jung S Byun, Samson Park, Ambar Caban, Alana Jones, Kevin Gardner
The burden of cancer in the United States is unevenly spread across its different populations, with stark differences in both disease prevalence and outcome based on race and ethnicity. Although a large portion of these differences can be explained by a variety of socio-behavioral and socio-economic factors, even after these exposures are taken into consideration, significant disparities persist. In this review, we explore a conceptual framework of biological theories and unifying concepts, based on an evolutionary perspective, that may help better define common guiding principles for exploration of underlying etiologies of cancer health disparities...
November 11, 2017: American Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137949/the-science-of-cancer-health-disparities
#12
EDITORIAL
Kevin Gardner
This Guest Editorial highlights the reviews in Race in Cancer Health Disparities Theme Issue that improve our understanding of the complex role of race in disparities in cancer frequency and outcome.
November 11, 2017: American Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136649/discordance-between-actual-and-scheduled-check-in-times-at-a-heart-failure-clinic
#13
Eiran Z Gorodeski, Emer Joyce, Benjamin T Gandesbery, Eugene H Blackstone, David O Taylor, W H Wilson Tang, Randall C Starling, Rory Hachamovitch
INTRODUCTION: A 2015 Institute Of Medicine statement "Transforming Health Care Scheduling and Access: Getting to Now", has increased concerns regarding patient wait times. Although waiting times have been widely studied, little attention has been paid to the role of patient arrival times as a component of this phenomenon. To this end, we investigated patterns of patient arrival at scheduled ambulatory heart failure (HF) clinic appointments and studied its predictors. We hypothesized that patients are more likely to arrive later than scheduled, with progressively later arrivals later in the day...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136414/quantitative-respirator-fit-face-sizes-and-determinants-of-fit-in-south-african-diagnostic-laboratory-respirator-users
#14
Jeanneth Manganyi, Kerry S Wilson, David Rees
Objectives: Respirators are widely used in health care settings but there is scant information on adequacy of fit and its determinants, particularly in resource-constrained settings. The aim of the study is to describe the proportion of South African diagnostic laboratory respirator users with adequate quantitative respirator fit while wearing their currently selected respirators which were generally supplied without regard to face size, and to identify determinants of fit test pass and fail...
November 10, 2017: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136143/time-varying-cycle-average-and-daily-variation-in-ambient-air-pollution-and-fecundability
#15
Carrie J Nobles, Enrique F Schisterman, Sandie Ha, Germaine M Buck Louis, Seth Sherman, Pauline Mendola
STUDY QUESTION: Does ambient air pollution affect fecundability? SUMMARY ANSWER: While cycle-average air pollution exposure was not associated with fecundability, we observed some associations for acute exposure around ovulation and implantation with fecundability. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Ambient air pollution exposure has been associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes and decrements in semen quality. STUDY DESIGN, SIZE, DURATION: The LIFE study (2005-2009), a prospective time-to-pregnancy study, enrolled 501 couples who were followed for up to one year of attempting pregnancy...
November 10, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135907/efavirenz-therapeutic-range-in-hiv-1-treatment-naive-participants
#16
Cindy J Bednasz, Charles S Venuto, Qing Ma, Eric S Daar, Paul E Sax, Margaret A Fischl, Ann C Collier, Kimberly Y Smith, Camlin Tierney, Yang Yang, Gregory E Wilding, Gene D Morse
BACKGROUND: Efavirenz is currently suggested as an alternative to recommended antiretroviral (ARV) regimens by the Department of Health and Human Services for the treatment of HIV-1 in ARV-naive patients. A mid-dosing interval therapeutic range between 1000 and 4000 ng/mL for efavirenz has been proposed in the literature, with patients more likely to experience virologic failure below this range and adverse effects above. The current study reports an analysis of virologic outcome between those above, below, or within the reported efavirenz therapeutic range (1000-4000 ng/mL) and within subgroups...
December 2017: Therapeutic Drug Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135839/patterns-of-opioid-prescribing-and-predictors-of-chronic-opioid-use-in-an-industrial-cohort-2003-to-2013
#17
Mellisa A Pensa, Deron H Galusha, Linda F Cantley
OBJECTIVE: To appreciate the impact of the opioid epidemic in workers, we described opioid prescription patterns in a US industrial cohort over a 10-year period and assessed predictors of chronic prescription. METHODS: A multiyear (2003 to 2013) cross-sectional analysis of employer-sponsored health care claims for enrolled workers (N: 21,357 to 44,769) was performed. RESULTS: The proportion of workers prescribed opioids nearly doubled in the 10-year period...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135782/examining-race-and-ethnicity-information-in-medicare-administrative-data
#18
Clara E Filice, Karen E Joynt
Racial and ethnic disparities are observed in the health status and health outcomes of Medicare beneficiaries. Reducing these disparities is a national priority, and having high-quality data on individuals' race and ethnicity is critical for researchers working to do so. However, using Medicare data to identify race and ethnicity is not straightforward. Currently, Medicare largely relies on Social Security Administration data for information about Medicare beneficiary race and ethnicity. Directly self-reported race and ethnicity information is collected for subsets of Medicare beneficiaries but is not explicitly collected for the purpose of populating race/ethnicity information in the Medicare administrative record...
December 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134632/heterogeneous-relationships-between-labor-income-and-health-by-race-ethnicity
#19
Abdulkarim M Meraya, Nilanjana Dwibedi, Kim Innes, Sophie Mitra, Xi Tan, Usha Sambamoorthi
OBJECTIVE: To examine the race-stratified relationships between labor income and health among working-age adults in the United States. DATA SOURCES: Data from eight waves of the Panel Study of Income Dynamics from 1999 through 2013 were used for this study. STUDY DESIGN: The study utilized a retrospective observational longitudinal design with repeated measures of labor income and health measures. System-generalized method of moment and heteroscedasticity-based instrument regressions were used to examine the relationships between labor income and physical and mental health measures, respectively...
November 13, 2017: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134344/a-cross-sectional-study-of-the-relationship-between-blood-lead-levels-and-reported-attention-deficit-disorder-an-assessment-of-the-economic-impact-on-the-united-states
#20
David A Geier, Janet K Kern, Mark R Geier
Attention deficit disorder (ADD) is characterized by a pattern of inattention and/or impulsivity that is inconsistent with developmental level and interferes with normal functioning in at least two settings. A recent meta-analysis suggested a significant relationship between lead (Pb) exposure and attention deficit symptoms. This study evaluated the potential relationship between increasing blood Pb levels and the risk of a reported ADD diagnosis. This cross-sectional study examined a sample of 2109 persons (32,762,158 weighted-persons) between 10 and 19 years-old from the 2003-2004 National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey (NHANES)...
November 13, 2017: Metabolic Brain Disease
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