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Li-Ning Su, Xiao-Qing Song, Zhan-Xia Xue, Chen-Qing Zheng, Hai-Feng Yin, Hui-Ping Wei
Axon regeneration is crucial for recovery from neurological diseases. Numerous studies have identified several genes, microRNAs (miRNAs), and transcription factors (TFs) that influence axon regeneration. However, the regulatory networks involved have not been fully elucidated. In the present study, we analyzed a regulatory network of 51 miRNAs, 27 TFs, and 59 target genes, which is involved in axon regeneration. We identified 359 pairs of feed-forward loops (FFLs), seven important genes (Nap1l1, Arhgef12, Sema6d, Akt3, Trim2, Rab11fip2, and Rps6ka3), six important miRNAs (hsa-miR-204-5p, hsa-miR-124-3p, hsa-miR-26a-5p, hsa-miR-16-5p, hsa-miR-17-5p, and hsa-miR-15b-5p), and eight important TFs (Smada2, Fli1, Wt1, Sp6, Sp3, Smad4, Smad5, and Creb1), which appear to play an important role in axon regeneration...
2018: Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B
Zhiqiang Chen, Wen Gao, Liyong Pu, Long Zhang, Guoyong Han, Xueliang Zuo, Yao Zhang, Xiangcheng Li, Hongbing Shen, Xuehao Wang, Jindao Wu
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a major leading cause of cancer mortality worldwide. PRDI-BF1 and RIZ homology domain containing 8 (PRDM8) is a key regulator in neural development and testis steroidogenesis, however, its role in liver carcinogenesis remains to be investigated. In this study, PRDM8 was found down-regulated in HCC, which was linked with shorter recurrence-free survival. Lentiviral-based overexpression and knockdown approaches showed that PRDM8 inhibited HCC cell proliferation, migration, and invasion...
March 23, 2018: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
Huimin Qiao, Yanxin Li, Chao Feng, Shuguang Duo, Fen Ji, Jianwei Jiao
The precise function and role of nucleosome assembly protein 1-like 1 (Nap1l1) in brain development are unclear. Here, we find that Nap1l1 knockdown decreases neural progenitor cell (NPC) proliferation and induces premature neuronal differentiation during cortical development. A similar deficiency in embryonic neurogenesis was observed in Nap1l1 knockout (KO) mice, which were generated using the CRISPR-Cas9 system. RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) analysis indicates that Ras-associated domain family member 10 (RassF10) may be the downstream target of Nap1l1...
February 27, 2018: Cell Reports
Toshiaki Tanaka, Yasukazu Hozumi, Mitsuyoshi Iino, Kaoru Goto
Nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) participates in apoptosis signaling pathway under various pathophysiological conditions. It exerts transcriptional control on the anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 family, such as Bcl-2, Bcl-xl, and Mcl-1, which act on the mitochondrial outer membrane. Previously, we described that NF-κB is negatively regulated by diacylglycerol kinase ζ (DGKζ), an enzyme that phosphorylates a lipid second messenger diacylglycerol. DGKζ downregulation enhances inhibitors of NF-κB α (IκBα) degradation and p65 subunit phosphorylation, leading to enhanced NF-κB transcriptional activity...
October 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Recep Emrah Çevik, Mia Cesarec, Ana Da Silva Filipe, Danilo Licastro, John McLauchlan, Alessandro Marcello
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a single-stranded positive-sense RNA hepatotropic virus. Despite cellular defenses, HCV is able to replicate in hepatocytes and to establish a chronic infection that could lead to severe complications and hepatocellular carcinoma. An important player in subverting the host response to HCV infection is the viral nonstructural protein NS5A, which, in addition to its role in replication and assembly, targets several pathways involved in the cellular response to viral infection. Several unbiased screens identified nucleosome assembly protein 1-like 1 (NAP1L1) as an interaction partner of HCV NS5A...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Virology
Niluka Goonawardane, Anna Gebhardt, Christopher Bartlett, Andreas Pichlmair, Mark Harris
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) nonstructural protein 5A (NS5A) is a phosphoprotein that plays key, yet poorly defined, roles in both virus genome replication and virion assembly/release. It has been proposed that differential phosphorylation could act as a switch to regulate the various functions of NS5A; however, the mechanistic details of the role of this posttranslational modification in the virus life cycle remain obscure. We previously reported (D. Ross-Thriepland, J. Mankouri, and M. Harris, J Virol 89:3123-3135, 2015, doi:10...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Virology
Ivana Jovčevska, Neja Zupanec, Žiga Urlep, Andrej Vranič, Boštjan Matos, Clara Limbaeck Stokin, Serge Muyldermans, Michael P Myers, Anton A Buzdin, Ivan Petrov, Radovan Komel
Glioblastoma multiforme is the most frequent primary malignancy of the central nervous system. Despite remarkable progress towards an understanding of tumor biology, there is no efficient treatment and patient outcome remains poor. Here, we present a unique anti-proteomic approach for selection of nanobodies specific for overexpressed glioblastoma proteins. A phage-displayed nanobody library was enriched in protein extracts from NCH644 and NCH421K glioblastoma cell lines. Differential ELISA screenings revealed seven nanobodies that target the following antigens: the ACTB/NUCL complex, VIM, NAP1L1, TUFM, DPYSL2, CRMP1, and ALYREF...
July 4, 2017: Oncotarget
Ju Yeon Lee, Robert J Lake, Jaewon Kirk, Vilhelm A Bohr, Hua-Ying Fan, Sungchul Hohng
Cockayne syndrome protein B (CSB) belongs to the SWI2/SNF2 ATP-dependent chromatin remodeler family, and CSB is the only ATP-dependent chromatin remodeler essential for transcription-coupled nucleotide excision DNA repair. CSB alone remodels nucleosomes ∼10-fold slower than the ACF remodeling complex. Strikingly, NAP1-like histone chaperones interact with CSB and greatly enhance CSB-mediated chromatin remodeling. While chromatin remodeling by CSB and NAP1-like proteins is crucial for efficient transcription-coupled DNA repair, the mechanism by which NAP1-like proteins enhance chromatin remodeling by CSB remains unknown...
May 5, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
Namrata Gupta, Suhani Thakker, Subhash C Verma
The establishment of latency is an essential for lifelong persistence and pathogenesis of Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV). Latency-associated nuclear antigen (LANA) is the most abundantly expressed protein during latency and is important for viral genome replication and transcription. Replication-coupled nucleosome assembly is a major step in packaging the newly synthesized DNA into chromatin, but the mechanism of KSHV genome chromatinization post-replication is not understood. Here, we show that nucleosome assembly protein 1-like protein 1 (NAP1L1) associates with LANA...
September 7, 2016: Scientific Reports
Fikret Gurkan Agircan, Shoji Hata, Carmen Nussbaum-Krammer, Enrico Atorino, Elmar Schiebel
Separase is a caspase-like cysteine protease that is best known for its essential role during the metaphase-to-anaphase transition when it cleaves the cohesin ring complex that keeps the sister chromatids together. Another important function of separase is to regulate the process of centriole separation, known as centriole disengagement, at the end of mitosis. We used proximity-dependent biotin identification (BioID) to expand our knowledge on the identity of separase's proximity interactors. We show that separase BioID labeled two domains at the mother centriole: an area underneath the centriolar appendages and another at the proximal end of the mother centriole...
September 16, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Yuan Yan, Peipei Yin, Hui Gong, Yuanyuan Xue, Guoping Zhang, Bo Fang, Zhidan Chen, Yang Li, Chunjie Yang, Zheyong Huang, Xiangdong Yang, Junbo Ge, Yunzeng Zou
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To investigate whether nucleosome assembly protein 1-like 1 (Nap1l1) regulates the proliferation of induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSC) and the potential mechanisms. METHODS: Nap1l1-knockdown-iPSC and Nap1l1-overexpression-iPSC were constructed by transfection of lentiviral particles. The proliferation of iPSC was detected by MTT analysis, and cell cycle was analyzed by flow cytometry. RESULTS: Nap1l1 overexpression promoted iPSC proliferation and induced G2/M transition compared to their control iPSC while Nap1l1-knockdown-iPSC dramatically displayed the reduced proliferation and accumulated G2/M phase cells...
2016: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Simon Schimmack, Andrew Taylor, Ben Lawrence, Daniele Alaimo, Hubertus Schmitz-Winnenthal, Markus W Büchler, Irvin M Modlin, Mark Kidd
BACKGROUND: The chromatin remodeler NAP1L1, which is upregulated in small intestinal neuroendocrine neoplasms (NENs), has been implicated in cell cycle progression. As p57(Kip2) (CDKN1C), a negative regulator of proliferation and a tumor suppressor, is controlled by members of the NAP1 family, we tested the hypothesis that NAP1L1 may have a mechanistic role in regulating pancreatic NEN proliferation through regulation of p57(Kip2). RESULTS: NAP1L1 silencing (siRNA and shRNA/lipofectamine approach) decreased proliferation through inhibition of mechanistic (mammalian) target of rapamycin pathway proteins and their phosphorylation (p < 0...
2014: Epigenetics & Chromatin
Nobuya Takahashi, Yasukazu Hozumi, Toshiaki Tanaka, Masashi Okada, Ken Iseki, Kiyoshi Hayasaka, Kaoru Goto
Diacylglycerol kinase (DGK) catalyzes conversion of a lipid second messenger diacylglycerol to another messenger molecule phosphatidic acid. Consequently, DGK plays a pivotal role in cellular pathophysiology by regulating the levels of these two messengers. We reported previously that DGKζ translocates from the nucleus to cytoplasm in hippocampal neurons under ischemic/hypoxic stress. In addition, we also identified nucleosome assembly protein 1 (NAP1)-like proteins NAP1L1 and NAP1L4 as novel DGKζ-interacting partners using a proteomic approach and revealed that these NAP1-like proteins induce cytoplasmic translocation of DGKζ in overexpressed cells because NAP1-like proteins associate with the nuclear localization signal of DGKζ and block its nuclear import via importin α...
November 2014: Histochemistry and Cell Biology
Hui Gong, Yuan Yan, Bo Fang, Yuanyuan Xue, Peipei Yin, Lu Li, Guoping Zhang, Xia Sun, Zhidan Chen, Hong Ma, Chunjie Yang, Yingjiong Ding, Ye Yong, Yichun Zhu, Huangtian Yang, Issei Komuro, Junbo Ge, Yunzeng Zou
Low efficiency of cardiomyocyte differentiation from induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) hinders the clinical application of iPSC technology for cardiac repair strategy. Recently, we screened out nucleosome assembly protein 1-like 1 (Nap1l1), which was downregulated during the differentiation of P19CL6 cells into cardiomyocytes. Here, we attempted to study the role of Nap1l1 in cardiomyogenesis of iPSC. Nap1l1 was downregulated during the differentiation of iPSC. Knockdown of Nap1l1 dramatically enhanced the differentiation of iPSC into functional cardiomyocytes while overexpression of Nap1l1 sharply lowered the differentiation...
July 2014: Stem Cells
Lyudmila Y Kadyrova, Elena Rodriges Blanko, Farid A Kadyrov
Replication-coupled nucleosome assembly is a critical step in packaging newly synthesized DNA into chromatin. Previous studies have defined the importance of the histone chaperones CAF-1 and ASF1A, the replicative clamp PCNA, and the clamp loader RFC for the assembly of nucleosomes during DNA replication. Despite significant progress in the field, replication-coupled nucleosome assembly is not well understood. One of the complications in elucidating the mechanisms of replication-coupled nucleosome assembly is the lack of a defined system that faithfully recapitulates this important biological process in vitro...
October 15, 2013: Cell Cycle
Lucia Brandimarte, Valentina Pierini, Danika Di Giacomo, Chiara Borga, Filomena Nozza, Paolo Gorello, Marco Giordan, Giovanni Cazzaniga, Geertruy Te Kronnie, Roberta La Starza, Cristina Mecucci
The MLLT10 gene, located at 10p13, is a known partner of MLL and PICALM in specific leukemic fusions generated from recurrent 11q23 and 11q14 chromosome translocations. Deep sequencing recently identified NAP1L1/12q21 as another MLLT10 partner in T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL). In pediatric T-ALL, we have identified 2 RNA processing genes, that is, HNRNPH1/5q35 and DDX3X/Xp11.3 as new MLLT10 fusion partners. Gene expression profile signatures of the HNRNPH1- and DDX3X-MLLT10 fusions placed them in the HOXA subgroup...
June 20, 2013: Blood
Zhaoyu Li, Paul Gadue, Kaifu Chen, Yang Jiao, Geetu Tuteja, Jonathan Schug, Wei Li, Klaus H Kaestner
Nucleosome occupancy is fundamental for establishing chromatin architecture. However, little is known about the relationship between nucleosome dynamics and initial cell lineage specification. Here, we determine the mechanisms that control global nucleosome dynamics during embryonic stem (ES) cell differentiation into endoderm. Both nucleosome depletion and de novo occupation occur during the differentiation process, with higher overall nucleosome density after differentiation. The variant histone H2A.Z and the winged helix transcription factor Foxa2 both act to regulate nucleosome depletion and gene activation, thus promoting ES cell differentiation, whereas DNA methylation promotes nucleosome occupation and suppresses gene expression...
December 21, 2012: Cell
Kohji Nagano, Akunna Akpan, Gayathri Warnasuriya, Steven Corless, Nick Totty, Alice Yang, Robert Stein, Marketa Zvelebil, Allan Stensballe, Al Burlingame, Michael Waterfield, Rainer Cramer, John F Timms, Søren Naaby-Hansen
In Swiss 3T3 fibroblasts, long-term stimulation with PDGF, but not insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) or EGF, results in the establishment of an elongated migratory phenotype, characterized by the formation of retractile dendritic protrusions and absence of actin stress fibers and focal adhesion complexes. To identify receptor tyrosine kinase-specific reorganization of the Swiss 3T3 proteome during phenotypic differentiation, we compared changes in the pattern of protein synthesis and phosphorylation during long-term exposure to PDGF, IGF-1, EGF, and their combinations using 2DE-based proteomics after (35)S- and (33)P-metabolic labeling...
December 2012: Molecular & Cellular Proteomics: MCP
Lu Li, Hui Gong, Hongxiu Yu, Xiaohui Liu, Qingping Liu, Guoquan Yan, Yang Zhang, Haojie Lu, Yunzeng Zou, Pengyuan Yang
Transplantation of cardiomyocytes derived from stem cells is a promising option for cardiac repair. However, how to obtain efficient cardiomyocytes from stem cells is still a great challenge. Understanding of the mechanism that regulates the cardiac differentiation of stem cells is necessary for the effective induction of cardiomyocytes. A clonal derivative named P19CL6 cells can easily differentiate into cardiomyocytes with 1% dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) treatment, which offers a valuable model to study cardiomyocytes differentiation in vitro...
December 2012: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
Qianru He, Lili Man, Yuhua Ji, Fei Ding
Schwann cells (SCs) express distinct sensory and motor phenotypes, which are associated with modality-specific promotion of axon growth. Here we compared cell proliferation and migration of primary cultured sensory and motor SCs and determined the mRNA expression of several genes, nap1l1, dok4, lpp, mmp-9 and l1cam, in two phenotypes of SCs. The results showed that the rate of cell proliferation or migration was higher in sensory SCs than in motor SCs, and the five proliferation or migration-related genes also had higher expression in sensory SCs than in motor SCs...
July 11, 2012: Neuroscience Letters
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