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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341330/community-perspectives-on-the-use-of-regulation-and-law-for-obesity-prevention-in-children-a-citizens-jury
#1
Jackie M Street, Jana Sisnowski, Rebecca Tooher, Lucy C Farrell, Annette J Braunack-Mayer
INTRODUCTION: Childhood obesity is a significant challenge for public health internationally. Regulatory and fiscal measures propagated by governments offer a potentially effective response to this issue. Fearing public criticism, governments are often reluctant to use such measures. In this study we asked a descriptively representative and informed group of Australians their views on the use of legislation and fiscal measures by governments to address childhood obesity. METHODS: A citizens' jury, held in South Australia in April 2015, was asked to consider the question: What laws, if any, should we have in Australia to address childhood obesity? RESULTS: The jury agreed that prevention of obesity was complex requiring multifaceted government intervention...
March 12, 2017: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332102/health-problems-among-street-children-seeking-care-in-the-center-for-social-and-preventive-medicine-in-egypt
#2
Hoda Ibrahim Rizk, Nihal Mohamed El Rifai, Hana Mohamed Aboulghar
BACKGROUND: In Egypt, around 1 million children are on the streets. Street children's health is an issue that is not well researched. The objective of the current study was to determine the health problems of a targeted group of street children seeking medical care and to generate a hypothesis about the positive/negative role of street children care organizations. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was done on 2169 street children who sought medical care at El-Basma clinic at the Center for Social and Preventive Medicine in Cairo University Children Hospital from January 2011 to July 2014...
March 22, 2017: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316911/electronic-media-time-and-sedentary-behaviors-in-children-findings-from-the-built-environment-and-active-play-study-in-the-washington-dc-area
#3
Jennifer D Roberts, Lindsey Rodkey, Rashawn Ray, Brandon Knight, Brian E Saelens
An objective of the Built Environment and Active Play (BEAP) Study was to examine whether home built environment, bedroom electronic presence, parental rules and demographics predicted children's sedentary behavior (SB). In 2014, BEAP Study questionnaires were mailed to 2000 parents of children (7-12 years) within the Washington DC area. SB-Duration (hours/day) and SB-Frequency (days/week) were assessed by two questions with multiple subparts relating to SB activity type (e.g. car riding) and SB companionship (e...
June 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279864/prevalence-and-determinants-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-anxiety-and-depression-symptoms-in-street-children-survivors-of-the-2010-earthquake-in-haiti-four-years-after
#4
Daniel Derivois, Jude Mary Cénat, Nephtalie Eva Joseph, Amira Karray, Khadija Chahraoui
Working with street children and adolescents who lived through the 2010 earthquake in Port-au-Prince, this paper aims to assess the prevalence of symptoms of PTSD, anxiety and depression in relation to peritraumatic distress, and age, and to explore other risk factors and socio-demographic characteristics, four years after the events. Between March and June 2014, with a sample of 128 children and adolescents (120 boys and 8 girls) aged between 7 and 18, of an average age of 13.88 (SD=2.15), all living on the streets of Port-au-Prince, we used the following scales: the Trauma Exposure (TE), the Life Events Subscale of the CAPS; the Peritraumatic Distress Inventory (PDI); the Children's Revised Impact of Event Scale (CRIES-13) and the Children Depression Inventory (CDI); (BAI)...
March 6, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277150/socioeconomic-deprivation-and-the-development-of-neuropsychological-functions-a-study-with-street-children-in-ecuador
#5
Graham Pluck, Daniel R Banda-Cruz, M Victoria Andrade-Guimaraes, Ana F Trueba
Socioeconomic status (SES) is known to have a considerable influence on the development of neuropsychological functions. In particular there is strong evidence for less efficient development of prefrontal-cortex-related functions in children raised in low-SES households. "Street children" are a common feature of low SES in many low- and middle-income countries, and some researchers have suggested that the unique life experiences of street children may drive their neurocognitive development. This study compares a group of 36 former street children in Quito, Ecuador with a control group of 26 never street-connected schoolchildren...
March 1, 2017: Child Neuropsychology: a Journal on Normal and Abnormal Development in Childhood and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273826/metal-exposure-and-associated-health-risk-to-human-beings-by-street-dust-in-a-heavily-industrialized-city-of-hunan-province-central-china
#6
Guangyi Sun, Zhonggen Li, Ting Liu, Ji Chen, Tingting Wu, Xinbin Feng
Fifty-five urban street dust samples were collected from Zhuzhou, an industrial city in central China and analyzed for a range of toxic elements. Potential carcinogenic and non-carcinogenic health effects on children and adults due to exposure to street dust were assessed. Concerning the two subgroups, the child cohort is confronted with considerably greater health risks than adults. According to the Hazard Quotient (HQ) method, ingestion of dust particles poses primary risk to children and adults, followed by dermal contact and inhalation for all of the metals investigated except Hg, for which inhalation of its elemental vapor constitute a slightly higher risk than ingestion...
March 3, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238192/unintentional-injuries-and-associated-factors-among-children-and-adolescents-an-analysis-of-the-spanish-national-health-survey
#7
Nazaret Alonso-Fernández, Rodrigo Jiménez-García, Leticia Alonso-Fernández, Valentín Hernández-Barrera, Domingo Palacios-Ceña
OBJECTIVES: To describe the prevalence of unintentional injuries in children and adolescents aged 6-18 years and to identify factors associated with a greater risk of suffering accidents. METHODS: A cross-sectional study conducted with data collected from three consecutive Spanish National Health Surveys. Data were analyzed using multivariate logistic models. RESULTS: The reported prevalence of unintentional injuries in children and adolescents decreased from 12...
February 25, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196995/injection-drug-use-among-children-and-adolescents-in-india-ringing-the-alarm-bells
#8
Anju Dhawan, Raman Deep Pattanayak, Anita Chopra, Vinod Kumar Tikoo, Rajesh Kumar
INTRODUCTION: Injection drug use (IDU) is intricately linked to preventive aspects for human immunodeficiency virus from a public health perspective. No large-scale data are yet available for injectable drug use among children and adolescents in India, apart from few anecdotal reports. AIMS AND METHODS: The present paper reports on the profile and substance use pattern of 509 child IDU users, among a total sample of over 4000 children using substances across 100 sites from 27 states and 2 UTs in India...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185219/polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-in-urban-street-dust-sources-and-health-risk-assessment
#9
Xue Song Wang
Urban street dust samples from 49 sampling sites in Xuzhou (China) were collected and analyzed for 16 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) using gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. The organic matter and total carbon contents were also determined. The results showed that total PAHs concentrations varied from 2174 to 24,499 ng/g with a mean value of 6616 ng/g, organic matter content varied from 3.1 to 8.7% with a mean value of 5.8%, total carbon content varied from 13.2 to 24.2%, with a mean value of 19...
February 9, 2017: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178955/the-management-of-the-faeces-passed-by-under-five-children-an-exploratory-cross-sectional-research-in-an-urban-community-in-southwest-nigeria
#10
Olufemi Oludare Aluko, Olusegun Temitope Afolabi, Emmanuel Abiodun Olaoye, Adeyinka Daniel Adebayo, Seun Oladele Oyetola, Oluwaseun Olamide Abegunde
BACKGROUND: Safe management of faeces (SMoF) and environmental contamination by faecal pathogens have been extensively researched although the SMoF in under-five children has been perennially neglected perhaps due to the misconception that it is harmless. This research, therefore, studied the situation, to determine the magnitude and dimensions of the problem aimed at making policy level stakeholders aware of child faeces management systems and so, inform evidence-based implementation of child and health-related programmes in Nigeria...
February 8, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176567/-don-t-be-afraid-to-ask-questions
#11
(no author information available yet)
Katie De Freitas started her midwifery career in 2008 after graduating from City University in London. She has worked in clinical and project roles, and in October 2013 won a Mary Seacole Award for her project to develop midwives' cultural competency. She has been in her current role as quality improvement lead at Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children since March 2015.
February 8, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169980/epidemiologic-characteristics-of-pediatric-trauma-patients-receiving-prehospital-care-in-kigali-rwanda
#12
Adam R Aluisio, Olivier Félix Umuhire, Gabin Mbanjumucyo, Naomi George, Alexis Kearney, Naz Karim, Jeanne DʼArc Nyinawankusi, Eric Uwitonze, Sam Enumah, John W Scott, Zeta Mutabazi, Georges Ntakiyiruta, Sudha Jayaraman, Robert Riviello, Jean Claude Byiringiro, Adam C Levine
BACKGROUND: Pediatric trauma is a significant public health problem in resource-constrained settings; however, the epidemiology of injuries is poorly defined in Rwanda. This study describes the characteristics of pediatric trauma patients transported to the emergency department (ED) of the Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Kigali by emergency medical services in Kigali, Rwanda. METHODS: This cohort study was conducted at the Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Kigali from December 2012 to February 2015...
February 4, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159480/quantifying-the-effect-of-corrective-surgery-for-trigonocephaly-a-non-invasive-non-ionizing-method-using-three-dimensional-handheld-scanning-and-statistical-shape-modelling
#13
Naiara Rodriguez-Florez, Özge K Göktekin, Jan L Bruse, Alessandro Borghi, Freida Angullia, Paul G M Knoops, Maik Tenhagen, Justine L O'Hara, Maarten J Koudstaal, Silvia Schievano, N U Owase Jeelani, Greg James, David J Dunaway
Trigonocephaly in patients with metopic synostosis is corrected by fronto-orbital remodelling (FOR). The aim of this study was to quantitatively assess aesthetic outcomes of FOR by capturing 3D forehead scans of metopic patients pre- and post-operatively and comparing them with controls. Ten single-suture metopic patients undergoing FOR and 15 age-matched non-craniosynostotic controls were recruited at Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children (UK). Scans were acquired with a three-dimensional (3D) handheld camera and post-processed combining 3D imaging software...
March 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155316/characteristics-of-street-children-in-cameroon-a-situational-analysis-of-demographic-socio-economic-and-behavioural-profiles-and-challenges
#14
Samuel N Cumber, Joyce M Tsoka-Gwegweni
INTRODUCTION: The issue of street children is one of the global social problems rising in low- and middle-income countries. These children are vulnerable, but because of a lack of sufficient information, it is very difficult for stakeholders to address their plight in Cameroon. AIM: To examine the situation and characteristics of street children in three Cameroonian cities. OBJECTIVES: To describe the demographic, socio-economic and behavioural profiles of street children...
November 18, 2016: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151006/business-planning-for-a-campus-wide-biobank
#15
Tamsin E Tarling, Frances Lasser, Candace Carter, Lise A M Matzke, Gurm Dhugga, Nidhi Arora, Simon Dee, Jodi LeBlanc, Sindy Babinsky, Sheila O'Donoghue, Stefanie Cheah, Peter Watson, Suzanne M Vercauteren
Biobanks are resources that facilitate research. Many biobanks exist around the world, but most tend to focus on a specific disease or research area. BC Children's Hospital and BC Women's Hospital are located on the same campus (Oak Street Campus) in Vancouver, BC, Canada. A campus-wide biobank has been established on the site of these two hospitals to collect specimens and annotated data from children or women seeking medical care at either of the hospitals. Such an initiative requires careful planning and consideration of many factors such as buy in and support of key stakeholders, governance, financial planning, and optimizing specimen collection...
February 2017: Biopreservation and Biobanking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129755/improving-case-detection-of-tuberculosis-among-children-in-bangladesh-lessons-learned-through-an-implementation-research
#16
Ziaul Islam, Kazi Istiaque Sanin, Tahmeed Ahmed
BACKGROUND: According to the Bangladesh National Tuberculosis Control Program (NTP), the proportion of childhood tuberculosis (TB) among all reported cases is only 3%. This is considerably lower compared to other high-burden countries. One of our previous studies identified substantial gaps at the primary care level related to capacity of service providers, supply of required logistics and community awareness about childhood TB. Therefore, we conducted an implementation study with the objectives to address those gaps...
January 28, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102621/editorial-perspective-effective-mental-health-and-psychosocial-interventions-for-children-and-adolescents-in-street-situations
#17
EDITORIAL
Cynthia Watters
Children and adolescents in street situations (CASS) in low- and middle-income countries (LAMIC) could arguably be regarded as the most at-risk group of children for mental health and psychosocial impairments compared with any other group of children. CASS, street-connected children and street children are some of the terms used to describe this group of children who have some association with the street; such as living, working or loitering for long periods of time on the street. These children are often described as 'voiceless'; a vulnerable group of children who experience a considerable amount of adversity from a young age...
February 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101293/establishing-the-prevalence-of-low-vitamin-d-in-non-immunoglobulin-e-mediated-gastrointestinal-food-allergic-children-in-a-tertiary-centre
#18
Ru-Xin Foong, Rosan Meyer, Robert Dziubak, Adriana Chebar Lozinsky, Heather Godwin, Kate Reeve, Syeda Tahmida Hussain, Romman Nourzaie, Neil Shah
BACKGROUND: There is no data on the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in children with non-immunoglobulin-E (IgE) mediated gastrointestinal food allergy. The aims of our study were to understand the prevalence of vitamin D insufficiency and deficiency in children with non-IgE mediated gastrointestinal food allergy and identify predisposing factors. METHODS: This was a retrospective study which looked at data from Great Ormond Street Hospital from January 2002 to September 2015...
2017: World Allergy Organization Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098417/delivery-of-anesthesia-for-children-with-mucopolysaccharidosis-type-iii-sanfilippo-syndrome-a-review-of-86-anesthetics
#19
Marc A Cohen, Grant M Stuart
BACKGROUND: Sanfilippo syndrome (MPS III) is rare, with 97 cases in the United Kingdom between 1988 and 1998. Mucopolysaccharide infiltration of tissues in mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS) causes multi-systemic pathology including difficult airways and cardiac disease. Published anesthesia case reviews of Sanfilippo syndrome have included limited numbers of patients to date. AIM: To identify the perioperative management and complications of anesthesia in children with mucopolysaccharidosis Type III at Great Ormond Street Hospital...
January 18, 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094628/-staff-want-to-address-cultural-issues-but-don-t-know-how
#20
Elaine Cole
Katie de Freitas believes a greater awareness of cultures is crucial if clinicians are to meet the needs of patients and families. 'Cultural competency is a matter of quality and safety,' says the quality improvement lead at Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Foundation Trust (GOSH). 'It can help to bridge the gap between those providing care and those accessing services.
January 4, 2017: Nursing Standard
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