keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Street children

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148123/donohue-syndrome-a-review-of-literature-case-series-and-anesthetic-considerations
#1
REVIEW
Alana Kirkwood, Grant Stuart, Louise Harding
BACKGROUND: Donohue syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive disorder of insulin resistance, causing a functional defect in insulin receptor function, and affecting the ability of the insulin to bind the receptor. Features include severe hyperinsulinism and fasting hypoglycemia, along with severe failure to thrive despite feeding. An accelerated fasting state results in muscle wasting, decreased subcutaneous fat, and an excess of thick skin. A reduced thoracic diameter is accentuated by increased abdominal distension, which impacts on respiratory reserve...
November 17, 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144433/the-influence-of-family-dog-ownership-and-parental-perceived-built-environment-measures-on-children-s-physical-activity-within-the-washington-dc-area
#2
Jennifer D Roberts, Lindsey Rodkey, Cortney Grisham, Rashawn Ray
Sedentary behavior and physical inactivity are significant contributors to youth obesity in the United States. Neighborhood dog walking is an outlet for physical activity (PA). Therefore, understanding the relationship between built environment, dog ownership, and youth PA is essential. This study examined the influence of dog ownership and parental built environment perceptions on children's PA in the Washington, D.C. area. In 2014, questionnaires were mailed to 2000 parents to assess family dog ownership; children's outdoor dog walking or playing; and parental perceived built environment measures...
November 16, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132398/traditions-beliefs-and-indigenous-technologies-in-connection-with-the-edible-longhorn-grasshopper-ruspolia-differens-serville-1838-in-tanzania
#3
Mercy W Mmari, John N Kinyuru, Henry S Laswai, Judith K Okoth
BACKGROUND: Edible insects are an important source of food to many African populations. The longhorn grasshopper, Ruspolia differens (Serville 1838), commonly known as senene in Tanzania is one of the most appreciated edible insects by societies around Lake Victoria crescent. Senene is primarily an essential treat for the tribes around the lake, e.g., the Haya of Tanzania, Luo of Kenya and Baganda of Uganda. Despite its importance as a food item and appreciation as a delicacy, there are few studies dealing with culture, beliefs and indigenous technology in connection with the senene...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114499/a-review-of-factors-limiting-physical-activity-among-young-children-from-low-income-families
#4
REVIEW
Seung Ho Chang, Kijeong Kim
Children need to participate in structured physical activities to avoid obesity and to engage in sports and games in the future. However, certain groups of our population have little access to enhance levels of physical activity. One such group is children from low-income families who are more likely to have less opportunity for participation in physical activity because of factors such as unsafe streets or limited access to playgrounds. According to the United States Department of Health and Human Services, there is a strong relationship between family income and physical activity with low-income families being the most sedentary...
August 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106951/localized-real-time-information-on-outdoor-air-quality-at-kindergartens-in-oslo-norway-using-low-cost-sensor-nodes
#5
Nuria Castell, Philipp Schneider, Sonja Grossberndt, Mirjam F Fredriksen, Gabriela Sousa-Santos, Mathias Vogt, Alena Bartonova
In Norway, children in kindergartens spend significant time outdoors under all weather conditions, and there is thus a natural concern about the quality of outdoor air. It is well known that air pollution is associated with a wide variety of adverse health impacts for children, with greater impact on children with asthma. Especially during winter and spring, kindergartens in Oslo that are situated close to streets with busy traffic, or in areas where wood burning is used for house heating, can experience many days with bad air quality...
October 26, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106578/cancer-risk-in-children-born-after-donor-art
#6
C L Williams, K J Bunch, M F G Murphy, C A Stiller, B J Botting, W H Wallace, M C Davies, A G Sutcliffe
STUDY QUESTION: Do children born after donor ART have an increased risk of developing childhood cancer in comparison to the general population? SUMMARY ANSWER: This study showed no overall increased risk of childhood cancer in individuals born after donor ART. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Most large population-based studies have shown no increase in overall childhood cancer incidence after non-donor ART; however, other studies have suggested small increased risks in specific cancer types, including haematological cancers...
November 2, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104181/evaluation-of-newborn-sickle-cell-screening-programme-in-england-2010-2016
#7
Allison Streetly, Rupa Sisodia, Moira Dick, Radoslav Latinovic, Kirsty Hounsell, Elizabeth Dormandy
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate England's NHS newborn sickle cell screening programme performance in children up to the age of 5 years. DESIGN: Cohort of resident infants with sickle cell disease (SCD) born between 1 September 2010 and 31 August 2015 and followed until August 2016. PARTICIPANTS: 1317 infants with SCD were notified to the study from all centres in England and 1313 (99%) were followed up. INTERVENTIONS: Early enrolment in clinical follow-up, parental education and routine penicillin prophylaxis...
November 5, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096651/obstacles-to-preventing-obesity-in-children-aged-2-to-5%C3%A2-years-latino-mothers-and-fathers-experiences-and-perceptions-of-their-urban-environments
#8
Carlos Penilla, Jeanne M Tschann, Emma V Sanchez-Vaznaugh, Elena Flores, Emily J Ozer
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of obesity among Latino children is alarmingly high, when compared to non-Latino White children. Low-income Latino parents living in urban areas, even if they are well-educated, face obstacles that shape familial health behaviors. This study used qualitative methods to explore parents' experiences in providing meals and opportunities to play to their children aged 2 to 5 years. In contrast to most prior studies, this study examined perceptions of familial behaviors among both mothers and fathers...
November 2, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090864/children-s-perceptions-of-a-self-explaining-road-intervention-to-improve-neighbourhood-safety
#9
Rebekah Ryan, Jamie Hosking, Laura Wilkinson-Meyers, Shanthi Ameratunga
AIM: Safe neighbourhood environments can provide important spaces for child activity and well-being. Self-explaining roads (SERs), which reduce vehicle speeds by changing neighbourhood street design, are an intervention with known safety benefits. However, little is known about children's experiences of SERs. METHODS: We engaged schoolchildren in developing a project to articulate children's perspectives of SERs. Students actively researched the experiences of other children at their school, and then participated in a researcher-led focus group...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076932/evaluation-of-the-clinical-utility-of-a-real-time-pcr-assay-for-the-diagnosis-of-streptococcus-pneumoniae-bacteremia-in-children-a-retrospective-diagnostic-accuracy-study
#10
Jane Murphy, Sadhbh O' Rourke, Mary Corcoran, Nicola O' Sullivan, Robert Cunney, Richard Drew
BACKGROUND: The widespread uptake of pneumococcal vaccines has substantially reduced the incidence of invasive pneumococcal disease, such that pneumococcal bacteremia in children is now considered a relatively rare event. The objective of this study was to ascertain the clinical utility of a Streptococcus pneumoniae real-time PCR assay compared with standard blood culture for the diagnosis of pneumococcal bacteremia in children in the post-vaccine era. METHODS: A systematic retrospective review of laboratory and patient records from Children's University Hospital, Temple Street during a 6 year period was performed...
October 25, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069992/physical-activity-participation-among-families-of-children-with-visual-impairments-and-blindness
#11
Luis Columna, Suzanna Rocco Dillon, Michelle Dolphin, Denzil A Streete, Samuel R Hodge, Beth Myers, Michael L Norris, Lindsay McCabe, Tiago V Barreira, Kevin S Heffernan
PURPOSE: Physical activity (PA) provides multiple benefits to children with visual impairments (VI) and their families. However, the empirical literature base is underdeveloped on how family PA experiences impact participation for children with VI. The purpose of this study was two-fold; that is: (a) to explore why families with children with VI seek out and participate in PA, and (b) to describe the strategies and supports needed by families of children with VI to improve PA participation...
October 25, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058318/seizure-outcome-after-corpus-callosotomy-in-a-large-paediatric-series
#12
David Graham, Deepak Gill, Russell C Dale, Martin M Tisdall
AIM: To describe 20 years of experience with corpus callosotomy at Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children, London and the Children's Hospital at Westmead, Sydney. METHOD: Records of patients who underwent corpus callosotomy between January 1995 and December 2015 were reviewed. Complications of surgery and changes in seizure type and frequency, injuries, and use of antiepileptic drugs were recorded. Drop attacks were analysed using Kaplan-Meier event-free survival curves...
October 23, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048468/policy-determinants-of-physical-activity-across-the-life-course-a-dedipac-umbrella-systematic-literature-review
#13
Anna Puggina, Katina Aleksovska, Christoph Buck, Con Burns, Greet Cardon, Angela Carlin, Simon Chantal, Donatella Ciarapica, Giancarlo Condello, Tara Coppinger, Cristina Cortis, Sara D'Haese, Marieke De Craemer, Andrea Di Blasio, Sylvia Hansen, Licia Iacoviello, Johann Issartel, Pascal Izzicupo, Lina Jaeschke, Martina Kanning, Aileen Kennedy, Fiona Chun Man Ling, Agnes Luzak, Giorgio Napolitano, Julie-Anne Nazare, Camille Perchoux, Tobias Pischon, Angela Polito, Alessandra Sannella, Holger Schulz, Rhoda Sohun, Astrid Steinbrecher, Wolfgang Schlicht, Walter Ricciardi, Ciaran MacDonncha, Laura Capranica, Stefania Boccia
Background: Despite the large number of studies and reviews available, the evidence regarding the policy determinants of physical activity (PA) is inconclusive. This umbrella systematic literature review (SLR) summarizes the current evidence on the policy determinants of PA across the life course, by pooling the results of the available SLRs and meta-analyses (MAs). Methods: A systematic online search was conducted on MEDLINE, ISI Web of Science, Scopus and SPORTDiscus databases up to April 2016...
October 18, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046100/analysis-of-intensive-care-admissions-among-paediatric-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-referrals
#14
S D Sharma, S Gupta, M Wyatt, D Albert, B Hartley
Introduction The aim of this study was to identify the proportion of children referred to a paediatric tertiary referral centre who required admission to the paediatric intensive care unit (PICU) following surgery for obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) and to establish risk factors for these admissions. Methods Retrospective review of case notes and the operative database was performed for all children undergoing adenotonsillectomy for sleep disordered breathing and OSA symptoms in Great Ormond Street Hospital over a 10-year period...
October 19, 2017: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044895/surveying-all-public-drinking-water-fountains-in-a-city-outdoor-field-observations-and-google-street-view
#15
Nick Wilson, Louise Signal, George Thomson
OBJECTIVE: Drinking fountains are a public amenity that may help counter the obesogenic environment (sugary beverages) and reduce the risk of heat stroke during heat waves. As a case study, we aimed to survey all public fountains in a city: Wellington, New Zealand, and to determine the utility of Google Street View in studying drinking fountains. METHODS: Using a sample of all public drinking fountains in a City Council map, a field observer assessed their exact location and tap functionality, and photographed them...
October 18, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042376/protocol-for-a-cohort-study-of-adolescent-mental-health-service-users-with-a-nested-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-to-assess-the-clinical-and-cost-effectiveness-of-managed-transition-in-improving-transitions-from-child-to-adult-mental-health-services-the
#16
Swaran P Singh, Helena Tuomainen, Giovanni de Girolamo, Athanasios Maras, Paramala Santosh, Fiona McNicholas, Ulrike Schulze, Diane Purper-Ouakil, Sabine Tremmery, Tomislav Franić, Jason Madan, Moli Paul, Frank C Verhulst, Gwen C Dieleman, Jane Warwick, Dieter Wolke, Cathy Street, Claire Daffern, Priya Tah, James Griffin, Alastair Canaway, Giulia Signorini, Suzanne Gerritsen, Laura Adams, Lesley O'Hara, Sonja Aslan, Frédérick Russet, Nikolina Davidović, Amanda Tuffrey, Anna Wilson, Charlotte Gatherer, Leanne Walker
INTRODUCTION: Disruption of care during transition from child and adolescent mental health services (CAMHS) to adult mental health services may adversely affect the health and well-being of service users. The MILESTONE (Managing the Link and Strengthening Transition from Child to Adult Mental Healthcare) study evaluates the longitudinal course and outcomes of adolescents approaching the transition boundary (TB) of their CAMHS and determines the effectiveness of the model of managed transition in improving outcomes, compared with usual care...
October 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027046/contamination-levels-and-human-health-risk-assessment-of-toxic-heavy-metals-in-street-dust-in-an-industrial-city-in-northwest-china
#17
Yufeng Jiang, Leiping Shi, A-Long Guang, Zhongfeng Mu, Huiying Zhan, Yingqin Wu
This study investigated the content, distribution, and contamination levels of toxic metals (Cd, Cr, Cu, Pb, and Zn) in street dust in Lanzhou, an industrial city in Northwest China. Meanwhile, the risk these metals posed to the urban ecosystem and human health was also evaluated using the potential ecological risk index and human exposure model. Results showed that concentrations of these metals in the dust are higher than the background value of local soil, with Cu having the highest levels. The districts of Anning and Xigu had the most extreme levels of contamination, while Chengguan and Qilihe districts were lightly contaminated, which can be partly attributed to human activities and traffic densities...
October 12, 2017: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023430/vaccination-coverage-for-selected-vaccines-exemption-rates-and-provisional-enrollment-among-children-in-kindergarten-united-states-2016-17-school-year
#18
Ranee Seither, Kayla Calhoun, Erica J Street, Jenelle Mellerson, Cynthia L Knighton, Ashley Tippins, J Michael Underwood
State and local school vaccination requirements help protect students and communities against vaccine-preventable diseases (1). CDC reports vaccination coverage and exemption data for children attending kindergarten (kindergartners) collected by federally funded immunization programs in the United States.* The typical age range for kindergartners is 4-6 years. Although vaccination requirements vary by state (the District of Columbia [DC] is counted as a state in this report.), the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices recommends that children in this age range have received, among other vaccinations, 5 doses of diphtheria, tetanus, and acellular pertussis vaccine (DTaP), 2 doses of measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine (MMR), and 2 doses of varicella vaccine (2)...
October 13, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023135/dietary-patterns-and-dietary-adequacy-of-street-children-in-dhaka-bangladesh
#19
Lawrence P Greksa, A B M Rafiqul Islam, Rie Okamoto, Kinuko Omori
The negative impact of poverty on the biological well-being of children is well established. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the impact of the stress of full-time street life on the dietary patterns and dietary adequacy of street children living in Dhaka, Bangladesh. This was accomplished by comparing the nutritional patterns of full-time street children with those of other poor children in Dhaka who also spend their days on the streets but who return to their families at night. There were few differences between groups, possibly due to street children being a select group...
October 12, 2017: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974166/psychosocial-profile-of-institutionalised-street-children-in-alexandria-egypt-a-comparative-study-with-school-children
#20
Medhat S Attia, Kholoud Y Tayel, Zeinab N Shata, Sally S Othman
OBJECTIVE: The phenomenon of street children in Egypt constitutes a public health concern. This study aimed to investigate the characteristics of institutionalised street children in Alexandria, to compare the prevalence of substance abuse and conduct disorder between street children and school children, and to identify predictors of these mental health outcomes among street children. METHODS: Institutionalised street children (n = 102) participated in a cross-sectional comparative study with a matched group of school children (n = 156)...
September 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
keyword
keyword
71066
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"