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Dental pain management

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022798/a-rare-case-of-simultaneous-pneumoperitoneum-and-pneumomediastinum-with-a-review-of-the-literature
#1
G Kourounis, Q X Lim, T Rashid, S Gurunathan
Simultaneous pneumoperitoneum and pneumomediastinum is a rare clinical occurrence. It has been reported in the literature as a complication of various medical and dental procedures. To our knowledge, we present the first case of a non-iatrogenic and traumatic simultaneous pneumoperitoneum and pneumomediastinum in a previously independent 91-year-old man who presented to hospital with back and chest wall pain following mechanical fall from standing. A new radiological diagnosis of diverticular disease with possible perforation was made following admission...
September 15, 2017: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019476/parenting-a-child-with-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-orofacial-pain-and-dysfunction-a-qualitative-study
#2
Eva Leksell, Ulrika Hallberg, AnnaCarin Horne, Malin Ernberg, Britt Hedenberg-Magnusson
AIMS: To deepen knowledge of how parents of children diagnosed with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) perceive the orofacial manifestations of the disease, its treatments, and their encounters with dental care providers. METHODS: A total of 15 interviews with parents of JIA patients (3 to 16 years old) with orofacial pain were analyzed according to classic grounded theory. RESULTS: The main problem was identified as controlling an unpredictable life situation that includes a child with JIA...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Oral & Facial Pain and Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994739/managing-early-childhood-caries-with-atraumatic-restorative-treatment-and-topical-silver-and-fluoride-agents
#3
REVIEW
Duangporn Duangthip, Kitty Jieyi Chen, Sherry Shiqian Gao, Edward Chin Man Lo, Chun Hung Chu
Early childhood caries (ECC) is a significant global health problem affecting millions of preschool children worldwide. In general, preschool children from families with 20% of the lowest family incomes suffered about 80% of the ECC. Most, if not all, surveys indicated that the great majority of ECC was left untreated. Untreated caries progresses into the dental pulp, causing pain and infection. It can spread systemically, affecting a child's growth, development and general health. Fundamental caries management is based on the conventional restorative approach...
October 10, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987152/current-and-anticipated-developments-in-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-dental-and-related-pain
#4
Tara Renton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 31, 2017: Primary Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978271/feline-dental-implants-long-term-follow-up-of-two-cases
#5
Rocco E Mele, Anthony Caiafa, Gregori M Kurtzman
Dental implants have become an option for replacement of lost canine teeth in cats. Although cats appear to manage well after a canine extraction, complications such as lip entrapment can occur after maxillary canine tooth extraction. Even cats with a complicated crown fracture of the maxillary canine tooth that have had root canal therapy can develop lip entrapment. This can lead to painful lip ulcers and potential need for further dental treatment. Canine tooth replacement with a dental implant and prosthodontic crown is, in the authors' experience, a predictable option that can be offered to clients who would like to replace a lost canine tooth...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974451/combining-amino-amide-salts-in-mucoadhesive-films-enhances-needle-free-buccal-anesthesia-in-adults
#6
Renê Oliveira do Couto, Camila Cubayachi, Paulo Linares Calefi, Renata Fonseca Vianna Lopez, Vinícius Pedrazzi, Cristiane Masetto De Gaitani, Osvaldo de Freitas
Needle-phobia is usually a great concern in dentistry, and the replacement of painful injections by patient-friendly needle-free topical formulations would bring several advantages in dental practice worldwide. In this pursuit, the effects of combining prilocaine hydrochloride (PCL) and lidocaine hydrochloride (LCL) in different proportions in mucoadhesive films on their in vitro permeation and retention through porcine esophageal mucosa was studied. Complementarily, the permeation and retention of isolated LCL was investigated...
September 30, 2017: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948815/the-role-of-stress-hormones-in-dental-management-behavior-problems
#7
M Dušková, J Vašáková, J Dušková, J Kaiferová, Z Broukal, L Stárka
Dental management behavior problems are thought to be both multifactorial and multidimensional, consisting of physiological, behavioral and cognitive components. The stress response to pain or even the anticipation of distress initiates activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis and causes an increase of cortisol and catecholamines. The literature on the role of hormones in dental management behavior problems comprises about one hundred papers, which have mainly been focused on this activation of the HPA axis in various situations in dental care...
September 26, 2017: Physiological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945715/dental-care-unmet-oral-needs-of-patients-with-cancer-and-survivors%C3%A2
#8
Colleen Palay
Oral and dental side effects of cancer treatment can be painful, impede function, and affect patients' quality of life. Inclusion of the dental team is important prior to, during, and after treatment to manage temporary, chronic, or permanent sequelae of treatment. Separation of medical and dental specialties and models of insurance reimbursement make obtaining medically necessary dental care unduly difficult. Nurses are at the front line of care and in a position to identify oral side effects of treatment, provide education, and advocate for proper dental care...
October 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864284/evaluation-of-caffeine-versus-codeine-for-pain-and-swelling-management-after-implant-surgeries-a-triple-blind-clinical-trial
#9
Sahand Samieirad, Hadi Afrasiabi, Elahe Tohidi, Mohsen Qolizade, Baratollah Shaban, Maryam Asadat Hashemipour, Isa Doaltian Shirvan
INTRODUCTION: There are controversies in recent studies over the application of NSAIDs for controlling pain and swelling after implant surgeries for osseointegration. The aim of this study was to compare caffeine-containing versus codeine-containing analgesics in relation to their anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects after dental implant surgeries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 80 patients (40 in each group) were selected as the final sample size. Forty drug packs, which were formulated and made by the consultant pharmacist, each containing 10 capsules of acetaminophen caffeine (consisting of 300 mg of acetaminophen and 20 mg of caffeine), and another 40 packs, each containing 10 capsules of acetaminophen codeine (consisting of 300 mg acetaminophen and 20 mg codeine) were prepared...
October 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862583/dentin-desensitizing-agents-too-many-options
#10
Rawan AlKahtani
As the number of dentin desensitizing products has grown, it has become more difficult for the dental clinician to make the correct choice. This literature review seeks to clearly explain the different modes of action of current desensitizing agents, including the clinical trial outcomes of different materials and products in the market. A better understanding of the prevalence, pain physiology, diagnosis, and different methods of management of dentinal hypersensitivity is imperative for proper pain management...
September 2017: General Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828758/open-versus-closed-surgical-exposure-of-canine-teeth-that-are-displaced-in-the-roof-of-the-mouth
#11
REVIEW
Nicola Parkin, Philip E Benson, Bikram Thind, Anwar Shah, Ismail Khalil, Saiba Ghafoor
BACKGROUND: Palatally displaced canines or PDCs are upper permanent canines, commonly known as 'eye' teeth, that are displaced in the roof of the mouth. This can leave unsightly gaps, cause damage to the surrounding roots (which can be so severe that neighbouring teeth are lost or have to be removed) and, occasionally, result in the development of cysts. PDCs are a frequent dental anomaly, present in 2% to 3% of young people.Management of this problem is both time consuming and expensive...
August 21, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814371/dental-management-considerations-in-a-pediatric-patient-with-moyamoya-disease
#12
Htet Bo, David Avenetti, Evelina Kratunova
Moyamoya disease is a rare progressive cerebral arteriopathy associated with risk of ischemic and hemorrhagic brain complications. The dental care of affected individuals should be performed in a pain- and stress-free manner to decrease the chance of occurrence of episodes of hypocapnia, hypercapnia, hypotension, hypovolemia, and hypothermia. Dental treatment may be provided in an outpatient dental setting or in a hospital setting, but both venues require interdisciplinary collaboration to ensure safe delivery of patient care...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Dentistry for Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807049/oral-manifestations-dental-management-and-a-rare-homozygous-mutation-of-the-prdm12-gene-in-a-boy-with-hereditary-sensory-and-autonomic-neuropathy-type-viii-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#13
Karim Elhennawy, Seif Reda, Christian Finke, Luitgard Graul-Neumann, Paul-Georg Jost-Brinkmann, Theodosia Bartzela
BACKGROUND: Hereditary sensory and autonomic neuropathy type VIII is a rare autosomal recessive inherited disorder. Chen et al. recently identified the causative gene and characterized biallelic mutations in the PR domain-containing protein 12 gene, which plays a role in the development of pain-sensing nerve cells. Our patient's family was included in Chen and colleagues' study. We performed a literature review of the PubMed library (January 1985 to December 2016) on hereditary sensory and autonomic neuropathy type I to VIII genetic disorders and their orofacial manifestations...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805281/efficacy-and-safety-of-a-fixed-dose-combination-of-ibuprofen-and-caffeine-in-the-management-of-moderate-to-severe-dental-pain-after-third-molar-extraction
#14
T Weiser, E Richter, A Hegewisch, D D Muse, R Lange
BACKGROUND: Ibuprofen is an effective analgesic treatment with a ceiling effect at doses above 400 mg. This study compared the combination of ibuprofen 400 mg and caffeine 100 mg with ibuprofen 400 mg monotherapy, caffeine and placebo in the analgesic treatment of moderate to severe acute dental pain following third molar extraction. METHODS: Phase III, active-/placebo-controlled, double-blind, single-centre, two-stage, parallel-group study in adult patients with at least moderate baseline pain intensity...
August 14, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798450/atraumatic-restorative-treatment-and-minimal-intervention-dentistry
#15
J E Frencken
Too many people worldwide suffer from the consequences of untreated dentine carious lesions. This finding reflects the inability of the currently used traditional mode of treatments to manage such lesions. A change is needed. Dental training institutions should depart from the traditional 'drill and fill' treatments and embrace the holistic oral healthcare approach that is minimal intervention dentistry (MID) and includes within it minimally invasive operative skills. Dental caries is, after all, a preventable disease...
August 11, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764806/the-relationship-of-primary-care-providers-to-dental-practitioners-in-rural-and-remote-australia
#16
Tony Barnett, Ha Hoang, Jackie Stuart, Len Crocombe
BACKGROUND: Rural residents have poorer oral health and more limited access to dental services than their city counterparts. In rural communities, health care professionals often work in an extended capacity due to the needs of the community and health workforce shortages in these areas. Improved links and greater collaboration between resident rural primary care and dental practitioners could help improve oral health service provision such that interventions are both timely, effective and lead to appropriate follow-up and referral...
August 1, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758201/dental-students-attitudes-towards-management-of-pain-and-anxiety-during-a-dental-emergency-educational-issues
#17
Maud Guivarc'h, Bérengère Saliba-Serre, Bruno Jacquot, Pierre Le Coz, Frédéric Bukiet
INTRODUCTION: High levels of patients' pain and anxiety characterise dental emergencies. The main objective of this study was to examine the self-reported attitudes of dental students towards these parameters in emergency conditions. A secondary objective was to determine if individual parameters (gender, personal experience of dental pain, personal dental anxiety and year of study) might affect their attitudes. METHODS: One-hundred and eighty-seven undergraduate dental students with clinical practice completed a multiple-choice self-administered questionnaire online...
July 30, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754576/-management-of-odontogenic-infections-in-primary-care-antibiotic
#18
Purificación Robles Raya, Ana Pilar Javierre Miranda, Nemesio Moreno Millán, Ariadna Mas Casals, Elena de Frutos Echániz, M Luisa Morató Agustí
Our aim is to contribute to the rational use of antibiotics prescribed by family doctors when a patient consults for a dental problem. Nowadays we should not ask which antibiotic to give. The question has to be if we need to prescribe antibiotics in front of the most common odontogenic infections seen in our practice. We review the main dental infections, which should be their appropriate management and the role of prevention. We need to know the complexity of the oral microbiome because it?ll depend on the appropriateness of the antibiotherapy, the evolution towards cure or progression of some odontogenic infections...
July 25, 2017: Atencion Primaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748395/variation-in-caries-treatment-proposals-among-dentists-in-norway-the-best-interest-of-the-child
#19
A Rønneberg, A B Skaare, B Hofmann, I Espelid
AIM: To explore variation in treatment-related-decisions for severe caries in children among dentists in the Public Dental Service (PDS) in Norway. It was also to evaluate the treatment choices in relation to the best interest of children and a child's rights to enjoy the highest standard of health care. METHODS: A pre-coded questionnaire was sent electronically to all general dental practitioners (GDPs) working in the PDS in eight counties in Norway (n = 611)...
July 26, 2017: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744243/the-odyssey-of-dental-anxiety-from-prehistory-to-the-present-a-narrative-review
#20
REVIEW
Enrico Facco, Gastone Zanette
Dental anxiety (DA) can be considered as a universal phenomenon with a high prevalence worldwide; DA and pain are also the main causes for medical emergencies in the dental office, so their prevention is an essential part of patient safety and overall quality of care. Being DA and its consequences closely related to the fight-or-flight reaction, it seems reasonable to argue that the odyssey of DA began way back in the distant past, and has since probably evolved in parallel with the development of fight-or-flight reactions, implicit memory and knowledge, and ultimately consciousness...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
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