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Heart rate variability mental health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226469/towards-24-7-continuous-heart-rate-monitoring
#1
Adrian Tarniceriu, Jakub Parak, Philippe Renevey, Marko Nurmi, Mattia Bertschi, Ricard Delgado-Gonzalo, Ilkka Korhonen, Adrian Tarniceriu, Jakub Parak, Philippe Renevey, Marko Nurmi, Mattia Bertschi, Ricard Delgado-Gonzalo, Ilkka Korhonen, Jakub Parak, Ricard Delgado-Gonzalo, Adrian Tarniceriu, Philippe Renevey, Marko Nurmi, Mattia Bertschi, Ilkka Korhonen
Heart rate (HR) and HR variability (HRV) carry rich information about physical activity, mental and physical load, physiological status, and health of an individual. When combined with activity monitoring and personalized physiological modelling, HR/HRV monitoring may be used for monitoring of complex behaviors and impact of behaviors and external factors on the current physiological status of an individual. Optical HR monitoring (OHR) from wrist provides a comfortable and unobtrusive method for HR/HRV monitoring and is better adhered by users than traditional ECG electrodes or chest straps...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139727/cortisol-awakening-response-and-acute-stress-reactivity-in-first-nations-people
#2
Maximus Berger, Anthony Leicht, Angela Slatcher, Ann Katrin Kraeuter, Sarangan Ketheesan, Sarah Larkins, Zoltán Sarnyai
First Nations people globally have a higher incidence of mental disorders and non-communicable diseases. These health inequalities are partially attributed to a complex network of social and environmental factors which likely converge on chronic psychosocial stress. We hypothesized that alterations in stress processing and the regulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis might underlie health disparities in First Nations people. We assessed the cortisol awakening response and the dynamic response to a laboratory induced psychosocial stress of young Indigenous tertiary students (n = 11, mean age 23...
January 31, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107894/heart-rate-variability-biofeedback-therapy-and-graded-exercise-training-in-management-of-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-an-exploratory-pilot-study
#3
Petra Windthorst, Nazar Mazurak, Marvin Kuske, Arno Hipp, Katrin E Giel, Paul Enck, Andreas Nieß, Stephan Zipfel, Martin Teufel
OBJECTIVE: Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is characterised by persistent fatigue, exhaustion, and several physical complaints. Research has shown cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) and graded exercise training (GET) to be the most effective treatments. In a first step we aimed to assess the efficacy of heart rate variability biofeedback therapy (HRV-BF) as a treatment method comprising cognitive and behavioural strategies and GET in the pilot trial. In a second step we aimed to compare both interventions with regard to specific parameters...
February 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107887/associations-between-positive-emotional-well-being-and-stress-induced-myocardial-ischemia-well-being-scores-predict-exercise-induced-ischemia
#4
Jacob P Feigal, Stephen H Boyle, Zainab Samad, Eric J Velazquez, Jennifer L Wilson, Richard C Becker, Redford B Williams, Cynthia M Kuhn, Thomas L Ortel, Joseph G Rogers, Christopher M O'Connor, Wei Jiang
OBJECTIVE: Depressive symptoms have been associated with myocardial ischemia induced by mental (MSIMI) and exercise (ESIMI) stress in clinically stable ischemic heart disease (IHD) patients, but the association between positive emotions and inducible ischemia is less well characterized. The objective of this study was to examine the associations between ratings of well-being and stress-induced ischemia. METHODS: Subjects were adult patients with documented IHD underwent mental and exercise stress testing for the Responses of Myocardial Ischemia to Escitalopram Treatment (REMIT) trial...
February 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030615/does-mental-health-status-influence-susceptibility-to-the-physiologic-effects-of-air-pollution-a-population-based-study-of-canadian-children
#5
Robert E Dales, Sabit Cakmak
BACKGROUND: Both air pollution exposure and the presence of mental illness are associated with an increased risk of physical illness. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether or not children with less favourable mental health are more susceptible to pulmonary and cardiovascular effects of ambient air pollution, compared to those who are mentally healthy. METHODS: We carried out a cross-sectional study of 1,883 children between the ages of 6 and 17 years of age who participated in the Canadian Health Measures population survey between 2007 and 2009...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960229/automated-telephone-communication-systems-for-preventive-healthcare-and-management-of-long-term-conditions
#6
REVIEW
Pawel Posadzki, Nikolaos Mastellos, Rebecca Ryan, Laura H Gunn, Lambert M Felix, Yannis Pappas, Marie-Pierre Gagnon, Steven A Julious, Liming Xiang, Brian Oldenburg, Josip Car
BACKGROUND: Automated telephone communication systems (ATCS) can deliver voice messages and collect health-related information from patients using either their telephone's touch-tone keypad or voice recognition software. ATCS can supplement or replace telephone contact between health professionals and patients. There are four different types of ATCS: unidirectional (one-way, non-interactive voice communication), interactive voice response (IVR) systems, ATCS with additional functions such as access to an expert to request advice (ATCS Plus) and multimodal ATCS, where the calls are delivered as part of a multicomponent intervention...
14, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924461/life-satisfaction-and-hemodynamic-reactivity-to-mental-stress
#7
Andreas Schwerdtfeger, Kerstin Gaisbachgrabner, Claudia Traunmüller
BACKGROUND: Satisfaction with life has been considered a health-protective variable, which could impact cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. However, few studies have examined the physiological pathways involved in the potentially salutary effect of life satisfaction. It was hypothesized that life satisfaction should be associated with a cardiovascular response profile that signals challenge (i.e., higher cardiac output, lower peripheral resistance), rather than threat during a mental stress task...
December 6, 2016: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765048/correlation-between-health-related-quality-of-life-in-the-physical-domain-and-heart-rate-variability-in-asymptomatic-adults
#8
Wan-Chun Lu, Nian-Sheng Tzeng, Yu-Chen Kao, Chin-Bin Yeh, Terry B J Kuo, Chuan-Chia Chang, Hsin-An Chang
BACKGROUND: Reduced health-related quality of life in the physical domain (HRQOLphysical) has been reported to increase risks for cardiovascular disease (CVD); however, the mechanism underlying this phenomenon is still unclear. The autonomic nervous system (ANS) that connects the body and mind is a biologically plausible candidate to investigate this mechanism. The aim of our study is to examine whether the HRQOLphysical independently contributes to heart rate variability (HRV), which reflects ANS activity...
October 21, 2016: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761124/executive-cognitive-functioning-and-cardiovascular-autonomic-regulation-in-a-population-based-sample-of-working-adults
#9
Cecilia U D Stenfors, Linda M Hanson, Töres Theorell, Walter S Osika
Objective: Executive cognitive functioning is essential in private and working life and is sensitive to stress and aging. Cardiovascular (CV) health factors are related to cognitive decline and dementia, but there is relatively few studies of the role of CV autonomic regulation, a key component in stress responses and risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD), and executive processes. An emerging pattern of results from previous studies suggest that different executive processes may be differentially associated with CV autonomic regulation...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747788/aerobic-fitness-level-affects-cardiovascular-and-salivary-alpha-amylase-responses-to-acute-psychosocial-stress
#10
Thomas Wyss, Maria Boesch, Lilian Roos, Céline Tschopp, Klaus M Frei, Hubert Annen, Roberto La Marca
BACKGROUND: Good physical fitness seems to help the individual to buffer the potential harmful impact of psychosocial stress on somatic and mental health. The aim of the present study is to investigate the role of physical fitness levels on the autonomic nervous system (ANS; i.e. heart rate and salivary alpha amylase) responses to acute psychosocial stress, while controlling for established factors influencing individual stress reactions. METHODS: The Trier Social Stress Test for Groups (TSST-G) was executed with 302 male recruits during their first week of Swiss Army basic training...
December 2016: Sports Medicine—Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27688024/a-pilot-cluster-randomised-trial-to-assess-the-effect-of-a-structured-communication-approach-on-quality-of-life-in-secure-mental-health-settings-the-comquol-study
#11
Douglas MacInnes, Catherine Kinane, Janet Parrott, Jacqueline Mansfield, Tom Craig, Sandra Eldridge, Ian Marsh, Claire Chan, Natalia Hounsome, George Harrison, Stefan Priebe
BACKGROUND: There is a lack of research in forensic settings examining therapeutic relationships. A structured communication approach, placing patients' perspectives at the heart of discussions about their care, was used to improve patients' quality of life in secure settings. The objectives were to: • Establish the feasibility of the trial design • Determine the variability of the outcomes of interest • Estimate the costs of the intervention • If necessary, refine the intervention METHODS: A pilot cluster randomised controlled trial was conducted...
September 29, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660608/distribution-of-response-time-cortical-and-cardiac-correlates-during-emotional-interference-in-persons-with-subclinical-psychotic-symptoms
#12
Lisa K B Holper, Alekandra Aleksandrowicz, Mario Müller, Vladeta Ajdacic-Gross, Helene Haker, Andreas J Fallgatter, Florence Hagenmuller, Wolfram Kawohl, Wulf Rössler
A psychosis phenotype can be observed below the threshold of clinical detection. The study aimed to investigate whether subclinical psychotic symptoms are associated with deficits in controlling emotional interference, and whether cortical brain and cardiac correlates of these deficits can be detected using functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS). A data set derived from a community sample was obtained from the Zurich Program for Sustainable Development of Mental Health Services. 174 subjects (mean age 29...
2016: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642372/trait-self-compassion-reflects-emotional-flexibility-through-an-association-with-high-vagally-mediated-heart-rate-variability
#13
Julie Lillebostad Svendsen, Berge Osnes, Per-Einar Binder, Ingrid Dundas, Endre Visted, Helge Nordby, Elisabeth Schanche, Lin Sørensen
Converging evidence shows a positive effect of self-compassion on self-reported well-being and mental health. However, few studies have examined the relation between self-compassion and psychophysiological measures. In the present study, we therefore examined the relation between trait self-compassion and vagally mediated heart rate variability (vmHRV) in 53 students (39 female, mean age = 23.63). Trait self-compassion was assessed using the Self-Compassion Scale, and resting vmHRV was measured during a 5-min ECG baseline period...
2016: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27612367/toward-preventing-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-development-and-testing-of-a-pilot-predeployment-stress-inoculation-training-program
#14
Laurel Hourani, Stephen Tueller, Paul Kizakevich, Gregory Lewis, Laura Strange, Belinda Weimer, Stephanie Bryant, Ellen Bishop, Robert Hubal, James Spira
The objective of this pilot study was to design, develop, and evaluate a predeployment stress inoculation training (PRESIT) preventive intervention to enable deploying personnel to cope better with combat-related stressors and mitigate the negative effects of trauma exposure. The PRESIT program consisted of three predeployment training modules: (1) educational materials on combat and operational stress control, (2) coping skills training involving focused and relaxation breathing exercises with biofeedback, and (3) exposure to a video multimedia stressor environment to practice knowledge and skills learned in the first two modules...
September 2016: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27577961/incongruent-changes-in-heart-rate-variability-and-body-weight-after-discontinuing-aerobic-exercise-in-patients-with-schizophrenia
#15
Chung-Chih Hsu, Chih-Sung Liang, Yueh-Ming Tai, Shu-Li Cheng
A bidirectional connection exists between obesity and altered heart rate variability (HRV). Schizophrenia has been associated with a high risk of obesity and decreased vagal modulation. Few studies have examined the link between obesity and HRV in patients with schizophrenia. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of aerobic exercise on body weight and HRV, and if so, whether these effects could be sustained after discontinuation of exercise training. A total of 18 overweight patients with schizophrenia completed an 8-week moderate-intensity aerobic exercise program conducted twice weekly for 50min...
November 2016: International Journal of Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27547191/physical-functional-capacity-and-c-reactive-protein-in-schizophrenia
#16
Michele Fonseca Vieira Szortyka, Viviane Batista Cristiano, Keila Maria Ceresér, Lenise Petter Francesconi, Maria Inês Lobato, Clarissa Gama, Paulo Belmonte-de-Abreu
INTRODUCTION: Schizophrenia is a severe, debilitating mental disorder that affects both the physical health and the functional capacity of patients, causing great impairment throughout the life course. Although physical and cognitive impairments may represent different expressions of a single systemic inflammatory process, little is known about the relationship between motor function and schizophrenia. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate physical functional capacity in patients with schizophrenia and ascertain whether it correlates with markers of inflammation, disease severity, and pharmacotherapy...
2016: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27530004/spectral-parameters-of-hrv-in-yoga-practitioners-athletes-and-sedentary-males
#17
MULTICENTER STUDY
Rosemary Peter, Sushma Sood, Ashwani Dhawan
Physical inactivity is an important risk factor for cardiovascular mortality and morbidity. Exercise is considered an acceptable method for improving and maintaining physical and emotional health. Although yoga is historically a spiritual discipline, a growing body of evidence supports the belief that yoga benefits physical and mental health. The objective of this study was to evaluate heart rate variability which reflects autonomic control of heart among yoga practitioners, athletes and individuals with sedentary lifestyle...
October 2015: Indian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27498159/factors-associated-with-self-rated-health-status-in-southwestern-iran-a-population-based-study
#18
N Maharlouei, M Akbari, M Khabbaz Shirazy, D Yazdanpanah, K B Lankarani
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to reveal the relationship between self-rated health (SRH) and objective health status in the general population in the Southwest of Iran. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. METHODS: Data were collected by face-to-face interview with 3554 residents, aged ≥18 years, who were selected by multistage sampling procedure. Collected data included sociodemographic, SRH status, and medical conditions; chronic diseases and mental symptoms...
November 2016: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27491166/-the-correction-with-noophen-of-autonomic-dysfunction-in-young-men-with-hypertension
#19
I I Knyazkova, N V Kuzminova, N Yu Osovskaya
The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of antihypertensive therapy with adding of gamma-amino-beta-phenylbutyric acid hydrochloride on the autonornic regulation of tcardiovascular system and the psychoemotional status in young men with hypertension. The study included 58 male with hypertension, aged 18-39 years (mean age 31.7 yearst 2.3 years), of them 28 patients (group I) administered beta-blocker and the other received a complex therapy which included beta-blocker and gamma-amino-beta-phenylbutyric acid hydrochiotide--Noofen ("OlainFarm", Latvia) 250 mg 3 times a day for 4 weeks...
October 2015: Likars'ka Sprava
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27452635/impact-of-a-cognitive-behavioral-intervention-on-health-related-quality-of-life-and-general-heart-rate-variability-in-patients-following-cardiac-surgery-an-effectiveness-study
#20
Margarita Beresnevaitė, Rimantas Benetis, Graeme J Taylor, Svetlana Rašinskienė, Albinas Stankus, Sarunas Kinduris
BACKGROUND: Although there is evidence supporting the efficacy of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) in decreasing psychologic symptoms and improving health-related quality of life in patients who have undergone coronary artery bypass graft surgery, the effectiveness of these interventions in usual health care practice, and their effect on general heart rate variability (HRV), has not been tested. OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the effectiveness of CBT in improving health-related quality of life and HRV in patients with postcardiac surgery...
November 2016: Psychosomatics
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