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Heart rate variability mental health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765048/correlation-between-health-related-quality-of-life-in-the-physical-domain-and-heart-rate-variability-in-asymptomatic-adults
#1
Wan-Chun Lu, Nian-Sheng Tzeng, Yu-Chen Kao, Chin-Bin Yeh, Terry B J Kuo, Chuan-Chia Chang, Hsin-An Chang
BACKGROUND: Reduced health-related quality of life in the physical domain (HRQOLphysical) has been reported to increase risks for cardiovascular disease (CVD); however, the mechanism underlying this phenomenon is still unclear. The autonomic nervous system (ANS) that connects the body and mind is a biologically plausible candidate to investigate this mechanism. The aim of our study is to examine whether the HRQOLphysical independently contributes to heart rate variability (HRV), which reflects ANS activity...
October 21, 2016: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761124/executive-cognitive-functioning-and-cardiovascular-autonomic-regulation-in-a-population-based-sample-of-working-adults
#2
Cecilia U D Stenfors, Linda M Hanson, Töres Theorell, Walter S Osika
Objective: Executive cognitive functioning is essential in private and working life and is sensitive to stress and aging. Cardiovascular (CV) health factors are related to cognitive decline and dementia, but there is relatively few studies of the role of CV autonomic regulation, a key component in stress responses and risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD), and executive processes. An emerging pattern of results from previous studies suggest that different executive processes may be differentially associated with CV autonomic regulation...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747788/aerobic-fitness-level-affects-cardiovascular-and-salivary-alpha-amylase-responses-to-acute-psychosocial-stress
#3
Thomas Wyss, Maria Boesch, Lilian Roos, Céline Tschopp, Klaus M Frei, Hubert Annen, Roberto La Marca
BACKGROUND: Good physical fitness seems to help the individual to buffer the potential harmful impact of psychosocial stress on somatic and mental health. The aim of the present study is to investigate the role of physical fitness levels on the autonomic nervous system (ANS; i.e. heart rate and salivary alpha amylase) responses to acute psychosocial stress, while controlling for established factors influencing individual stress reactions. METHODS: The Trier Social Stress Test for Groups (TSST-G) was executed with 302 male recruits during their first week of Swiss Army basic training...
December 2016: Sports Medicine—Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27688024/a-pilot-cluster-randomised-trial-to-assess-the-effect-of-a-structured-communication-approach-on-quality-of-life-in-secure-mental-health-settings-the-comquol-study
#4
Douglas MacInnes, Catherine Kinane, Janet Parrott, Jacqueline Mansfield, Tom Craig, Sandra Eldridge, Ian Marsh, Claire Chan, Natalia Hounsome, George Harrison, Stefan Priebe
BACKGROUND: There is a lack of research in forensic settings examining therapeutic relationships. A structured communication approach, placing patients' perspectives at the heart of discussions about their care, was used to improve patients' quality of life in secure settings. The objectives were to: • Establish the feasibility of the trial design • Determine the variability of the outcomes of interest • Estimate the costs of the intervention • If necessary, refine the intervention METHODS: A pilot cluster randomised controlled trial was conducted...
September 29, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660608/distribution-of-response-time-cortical-and-cardiac-correlates-during-emotional-interference-in-persons-with-subclinical-psychotic-symptoms
#5
Lisa K B Holper, Alekandra Aleksandrowicz, Mario Müller, Vladeta Ajdacic-Gross, Helene Haker, Andreas J Fallgatter, Florence Hagenmuller, Wolfram Kawohl, Wulf Rössler
A psychosis phenotype can be observed below the threshold of clinical detection. The study aimed to investigate whether subclinical psychotic symptoms are associated with deficits in controlling emotional interference, and whether cortical brain and cardiac correlates of these deficits can be detected using functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS). A data set derived from a community sample was obtained from the Zurich Program for Sustainable Development of Mental Health Services. 174 subjects (mean age 29...
2016: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642372/trait-self-compassion-reflects-emotional-flexibility-through-an-association-with-high-vagally-mediated-heart-rate-variability
#6
Julie Lillebostad Svendsen, Berge Osnes, Per-Einar Binder, Ingrid Dundas, Endre Visted, Helge Nordby, Elisabeth Schanche, Lin Sørensen
Converging evidence shows a positive effect of self-compassion on self-reported well-being and mental health. However, few studies have examined the relation between self-compassion and psychophysiological measures. In the present study, we therefore examined the relation between trait self-compassion and vagally mediated heart rate variability (vmHRV) in 53 students (39 female, mean age = 23.63). Trait self-compassion was assessed using the Self-Compassion Scale, and resting vmHRV was measured during a 5-min ECG baseline period...
2016: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27612367/toward-preventing-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-development-and-testing-of-a-pilot-predeployment-stress-inoculation-training-program
#7
Laurel Hourani, Stephen Tueller, Paul Kizakevich, Gregory Lewis, Laura Strange, Belinda Weimer, Stephanie Bryant, Ellen Bishop, Robert Hubal, James Spira
The objective of this pilot study was to design, develop, and evaluate a predeployment stress inoculation training (PRESIT) preventive intervention to enable deploying personnel to cope better with combat-related stressors and mitigate the negative effects of trauma exposure. The PRESIT program consisted of three predeployment training modules: (1) educational materials on combat and operational stress control, (2) coping skills training involving focused and relaxation breathing exercises with biofeedback, and (3) exposure to a video multimedia stressor environment to practice knowledge and skills learned in the first two modules...
September 2016: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27577961/incongruent-changes-in-heart-rate-variability-and-body-weight-after-discontinuing-aerobic-exercise-in-patients-with-schizophrenia
#8
Chung-Chih Hsu, Chih-Sung Liang, Yueh-Ming Tai, Shu-Li Cheng
A bidirectional connection exists between obesity and altered heart rate variability (HRV). Schizophrenia has been associated with a high risk of obesity and decreased vagal modulation. Few studies have examined the link between obesity and HRV in patients with schizophrenia. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of aerobic exercise on body weight and HRV, and if so, whether these effects could be sustained after discontinuation of exercise training. A total of 18 overweight patients with schizophrenia completed an 8-week moderate-intensity aerobic exercise program conducted twice weekly for 50min...
August 27, 2016: International Journal of Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27547191/physical-functional-capacity-and-c-reactive-protein-in-schizophrenia
#9
Michele Fonseca Vieira Szortyka, Viviane Batista Cristiano, Keila Maria Ceresér, Lenise Petter Francesconi, Maria Inês Lobato, Clarissa Gama, Paulo Belmonte-de-Abreu
INTRODUCTION: Schizophrenia is a severe, debilitating mental disorder that affects both the physical health and the functional capacity of patients, causing great impairment throughout the life course. Although physical and cognitive impairments may represent different expressions of a single systemic inflammatory process, little is known about the relationship between motor function and schizophrenia. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate physical functional capacity in patients with schizophrenia and ascertain whether it correlates with markers of inflammation, disease severity, and pharmacotherapy...
2016: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27530004/spectral-parameters-of-hrv-in-yoga-practitioners-athletes-and-sedentary-males
#10
MULTICENTER STUDY
Rosemary Peter, Sushma Sood, Ashwani Dhawan
Physical inactivity is an important risk factor for cardiovascular mortality and morbidity. Exercise is considered an acceptable method for improving and maintaining physical and emotional health. Although yoga is historically a spiritual discipline, a growing body of evidence supports the belief that yoga benefits physical and mental health. The objective of this study was to evaluate heart rate variability which reflects autonomic control of heart among yoga practitioners, athletes and individuals with sedentary lifestyle...
October 2015: Indian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27498159/factors-associated-with-self-rated-health-status-in-southwestern-iran-a-population-based-study
#11
N Maharlouei, M Akbari, M Khabbaz Shirazy, D Yazdanpanah, K B Lankarani
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to reveal the relationship between self-rated health (SRH) and objective health status in the general population in the Southwest of Iran. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. METHODS: Data were collected by face-to-face interview with 3554 residents, aged ≥18 years, who were selected by multistage sampling procedure. Collected data included sociodemographic, SRH status, and medical conditions; chronic diseases and mental symptoms...
November 2016: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27491166/-the-correction-with-noophen-of-autonomic-dysfunction-in-young-men-with-hypertension
#12
I I Knyazkova, N V Kuzminova, N Yu Osovskaya
The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of antihypertensive therapy with adding of gamma-amino-beta-phenylbutyric acid hydrochloride on the autonornic regulation of tcardiovascular system and the psychoemotional status in young men with hypertension. The study included 58 male with hypertension, aged 18-39 years (mean age 31.7 yearst 2.3 years), of them 28 patients (group I) administered beta-blocker and the other received a complex therapy which included beta-blocker and gamma-amino-beta-phenylbutyric acid hydrochiotide--Noofen ("OlainFarm", Latvia) 250 mg 3 times a day for 4 weeks...
October 2015: Likars'ka Sprava
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27452635/impact-of-a-cognitive-behavioral-intervention-on-health-related-quality-of-life-and-general-heart-rate-variability-in-patients-following-cardiac-surgery-an-effectiveness-study
#13
Margarita Beresnevaitė, Rimantas Benetis, Graeme J Taylor, Svetlana Rašinskienė, Albinas Stankus, Sarunas Kinduris
BACKGROUND: Although there is evidence supporting the efficacy of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) in decreasing psychologic symptoms and improving health-related quality of life in patients who have undergone coronary artery bypass graft surgery, the effectiveness of these interventions in usual health care practice, and their effect on general heart rate variability (HRV), has not been tested. OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the effectiveness of CBT in improving health-related quality of life and HRV in patients with postcardiac surgery...
November 2016: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27450573/quality-of-life-in-patients-receiving-telemedicine-enhanced-chronic-heart-failure-disease-management-a-meta-analysis
#14
Liam Knox, Rachel J Rahman, Chris Beedie
BACKGROUND: Previous reviews have investigated the effectiveness of telemedicine in the treatment of heart failure (HF). Dependent variables have included hospitalisations, mortality rates, disease knowledge and health costs. Few reviews, however, have examined the variable of health-related quality of life (QoL). METHODS: Randomised controlled trials comparing the delivery methods of any form of telemedicine with usual care for the provision of HF disease-management were identified via searches of all relevant databases and reference lists...
July 22, 2016: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27427942/graphical-representations-of-adolescents-psychophysiological-reactivity-to-social-stressor-tasks-reliability-and-validity-of-the-chernoff-face-approach-and-person-centered-profiles-for-clinical-use
#15
Andres De Los Reyes, Amelia Aldao, Noor Qasmieh, Emily J Dunn, Melanie F Lipton, Catharina Hartman, Eric A Youngstrom, Lea R Dougherty, Matthew D Lerner
Low-cost methods exist for measuring physiology when clinically assessing adolescent social anxiety. Two barriers to widespread use involve lack of (a) physiological expertise among mental health professionals, and (b) techniques for modeling individual-level physiological profiles. We require a "bridge approach" for interpreting physiology that does not require users to have a physiological background to make judgments, and is amenable to developing individual-level physiological profiles. One method-Chernoff Faces-involves graphically representing data using human facial features (eyes, nose, mouth, face shape), thus capitalizing on humans' abilities to detect even subtle variations among facial features...
July 18, 2016: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27306342/evaluation-of-the-significance-of-vital-signs-in-the-up-triage-of-patients-visiting-emergency-department-from-emergency-severity-index-level-3-to-2
#16
Hooman Hossein Nejad, Mohsen Banaie, Seyed Hossein Seyedhosseini Davarani, Zahra Khazaeipour
The Emergency Severity Index (ESI) is a five-level triage system that has shown promising reliability and validity. According to ESI algorithm, in the presence of danger zone respiratory rate (RR), heart rate (HR) or Oxygen (O2) saturation, patients should be up-triaged from ESI level 3 to 2 Hence, the current study aimed to investigate the value of the measurement of vital signs in predicting the up-triage of patients from ESI level 3 to 2. Patients who visited the emergency department at Imam Khomeini Hospital Complex, Tehran, Iran, and were categorized into ESI level 3 were investigated...
June 2016: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27160351/individual-reactions-to-viewing-preferred-video-representations-of-the-natural-environment-a-comparison-of-mental-and-physical-reactions
#17
Masae Tsutsumi, Hiroshi Nogaki, Yoshihisa Shimizu, Teresa Elizabeth Stone, Toshio Kobayashi
AIM: Globally, awareness of the vital link between health and the natural environment is growing. This pilot study, based on the idea of "forest bathing," or shinrin-yoku, the mindful use of all five senses to engage with nature in a natural environment, was initiated in order to determine whether stimulation by viewing an individual's preferred video of sea or forest had an effect on relaxation. METHODS: The participants were 12 healthy men in their twenties and they were divided into two groups based on their preference for sea or forest scenery by using the Visual Analogue Scale...
May 10, 2016: Japan Journal of Nursing Science: JJNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27013028/multimodal-therapy-involving-high-intensity-interval-training-improves-the-physical-fitness-motor-skills-social-behavior-and-quality-of-life-of-boys-with-adhd-a-randomized-controlled-study
#18
Carolin Friederike Meßler, Hans-Christer Holmberg, Billy Sperlich
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of multimodal therapy including supervised high-intensity interval training (HIIT) with those of standard multimodal therapy (TRAD) concerning key variables of physical fitness (peak power and oxygen uptake), motor skills, social behavior, and quality of life in boys with ADHD. METHOD: A single-center, two-arm randomized, controlled design was used, with 28 boys (8-13 years of age, IQ = 83-136) being randomly assigned to multimodal HIIT (three sessions/week, 4 × 4-min intervals at 95% of peak heart rate) or TRAD...
March 24, 2016: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27006685/daily-commuting-to-work-is-not-associated-with-variables-of-health
#19
Daniel Mauss, Marc N Jarczok, Joachim E Fischer
BACKGROUND: Commuting to work is thought to have a negative impact on employee health. We tested the association of work commute and different variables of health in German industrial employees. METHODS: Self-rated variables of an industrial cohort (n = 3805; 78.9 % male) including absenteeism, presenteeism and indices reflecting stress and well-being were assessed by a questionnaire. Fasting blood samples, heart-rate variability and anthropometric data were collected...
2016: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26980323/the-effect-of-a-family-based-mindfulness-intervention-on-children-with-attention-deficit-and-hyperactivity-symptoms-and-their-parents-design-and-rationale-for-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial-study-protocol
#20
Herman H M Lo, Samuel Y S Wong, Janet Y H Wong, Simpson W L Wong, Jerf W K Yeung
BACKGROUND: About 4 % of children in Hong Kong have attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The parents of children with ADHD report higher levels of stress and show more negative parenting behavior. Medication and behavior training are evidence-based treatments, but both show significant limitations. In short, medical treatment is not suitable for preschool children and would suppress growth, whereas parents under stress may not be capable of consistently applying behavior management skills...
2016: BMC Psychiatry
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