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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932391/photophobia-in-neurologic-disorders
#1
REVIEW
Yiwen Wu, Mark Hallett
Photophobia is a common symptom seen in many neurologic disorders, however, its pathophysiology remains unclear. Even the term is ambiguous. In this paper, we review the epidemiology and clinical manifestations of photophobia in neurological disorders, including primary headache, blepharospasm, progressive supranuclear palsy, and traumatic brain injury, discuss the definition, etiology and pathogenesis, and summarize practical methods of diagnosis and treatment.
2017: Translational Neurodegeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930248/the-effect-of-acupuncture-on-visual-function-in-patients-with-congenital-and-acquired-nystagmus
#2
Tilo Blechschmidt, Maike Krumsiek, Margarita G Todorova
Background: The aim of this study is to examine the short-term effect of visual function following acupuncture treatment in patients with congenital idiopathic nystagmus and acquired nystagmus (CIN and AN). Methods: An observational pilot study on six patients with confirmed diagnosis of nystagmus (three CIN and three AN patients (2♀, 4♂; mean age 42.67; SD ± 20.57 y)), was performed. Acupuncture treatment was done following a standardized protocol applying needle-acupuncture on the body and the ears. The treatment was scheduled with 10 sessions of 30 min duration over five weeks...
May 23, 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930006/fatal-rocky-mountain-spotted-fever-along-the-united-states-mexico-border-2013-2016
#3
Naomi A Drexler, Hayley Yaglom, Mariana Casal, Maria Fierro, Paula Kriner, Brian Murphy, Anne Kjemtrup, Christopher D Paddock
Rocky Mountain spotted fever (RMSF) is an emerging public health concern near the US-Mexico border, where it has resulted in thousands of cases and hundreds of deaths in the past decade. We identified 4 patients who had acquired RMSF in northern Mexico and subsequently died at US healthcare facilities. Two patients sought care in Mexico before being admitted to US-based hospitals. All patients initially had several nonspecific signs and symptoms, including fever, headache, nausea, vomiting, or myalgia, but deteriorated rapidly without receipt of a tetracycline-class antimicrobial drug...
October 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929534/emerging-arboviruses-in-rio-grande-do-sul-brazil-chikungunya-and-zika-outbreaks-2014-2016
#4
Tatiana Schäffer Gregianini, Tani Ranieri, Cátia Favreto, Zenaida Marion Alves Nunes, Gabriela Luchiari Tumioto Giannini, Nara Druck Sanberg, Marilda Tereza Mar da Rosa, Ana Beatriz Gorini da Veiga
QUESTIONS INVESTIGATED: The recent emergence of arboviruses such as Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) and Zika virus (ZIKV) in Brazil has posed a threat to human health and to the country's economy. Outbreaks occur mainly in tropical areas; however, increasing number of cases have been observed in Rio Grande do Sul (RS), the Southernmost state; therefore, surveillance of these arboviruses is essential for public health measures. DESIGN: In this study, we analyzed 1276 samples from patients with clinically suspected arboviral diseases between 2014 and 2016...
September 20, 2017: Reviews in Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928632/neurophysiology-of-the-celiac-brain-disentangling-gut-brain-connections
#5
REVIEW
Manuela Pennisi, Alessia Bramanti, Mariagiovanna Cantone, Giovanni Pennisi, Rita Bella, Giuseppe Lanza
Celiac disease (CD) can be considered a complex multi-organ disorder with highly variable extra-intestinal, including neurological, involvement. Cerebellar ataxia, peripheral neuropathy, seizures, headache, cognitive impairment, and neuropsychiatric diseases are complications frequently reported. These manifestations may be present at the onset of the typical disease or become clinically evident during its course. However, CD subjects with subclinical neurological involvement have also been described, as well as patients with clear central and/or peripheral nervous system and intestinal histopathological disease features in the absence of typical CD manifestations...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926480/postconcussive-symptoms-over-the-first-14-days-after-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-an-experience-sampling-study
#6
Maria Pacella, Arjun Prabhu, Julia Morley, Stephanie Huang, Brian Suffoletto
OBJECTIVE: This study examined changes in postconcussive symptoms (PCS) over the acute postinjury recovery period, focusing on how daily PCSs differ between mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) and other injury types. SETTING: An urban emergency department (ED) in Western Pennsylvania. SUBJECTS: A total of 108 adult patients with trauma being discharged from the ED were recruited and grouped by injury type: mild TBI (mTBI; n = 39), head injury without mTBI (HI: n = 16), and non-head-injured trauma controls (TCs: n = 53)...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923789/assessing-the-efficacy-and-safety-of-an-11%C3%AE-hydroxysteroid-dehydrogenase-type-1-inhibitor-azd4017-in-the-idiopathic-intracranial-hypertension-drug-trial-iih-dt-clinical-methods-and-design-for-a-phase-ii-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Keira Annie Markey, Ryan Ottridge, James L Mitchell, Caroline Rick, Rebecca Woolley, Natalie Ives, Peter Nightingale, Alexandra J Sinclair
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) is a condition with few effective management options. So far, there have been no randomized controlled trials evaluating new treatments in IIH. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this paper is to outline the trial design for the Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension Drug Trial (IIH:DT), assessing an innovative medical treatment in IIH and the rationale for the chosen trial methodology. METHODS: IIH:DT is a phase II double-blind randomized placebo-controlled trial recruiting 30 female participants with active IIH (intracranial pressure >25cm H2 O and papilledema)...
September 18, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923570/-three-cases-of-scombroid-poisoning
#8
Y Harmelin, T Hubiche, M Pharaon, P Del Giudice
INTRODUCTION: Scombroid poisoning is a poorly known type of food poisoning due to the presence of histamine in spoiled fish of the Scombridae family. We report 3 cases of scombroid poisoning seen at the Fréjus-Saint-Raphaël hospital in the Var region. OBSERVATIONS: Within around thirty minutes of eating a meal containing tuna, three patients presented varied symptoms: malaise, itchy rash, headache, and for two of them, nausea. The diagnosis of scombroid poisoning was based on the circumstances in which the clinical signs appeared and on the signs themselves...
September 15, 2017: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923137/carbon-dioxide-physiological-training-at-nasa
#9
Jennifer Law, Millennia Young, David Alexander, Sara S Mason, Mary L Wear, Claudia M Méndez, David Stanley, Valerie Meyers Ryder, Mary Van Baalen
INTRODUCTION: Astronauts undergo CO2 exposure training to recognize their symptoms that can arise acutely both on the ground and in spaceflight. This article describes acute CO2 exposure training at NASA and examines the symptoms reported by astronauts during training. METHODS: In a controlled training environment, astronauts are exposed to up to 8% CO2 (60 mmHg) by a rebreathing apparatus. Symptoms are reported using a standard form. RESULTS: Symptom documentation forms between April 1994 and February 2012 were obtained for 130 astronauts...
October 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922459/therapeutic-plasma-exchange-in-the-treatment-of-complicated-plasmodium-falciparum-malaria-a-case-report
#10
Tsong-Yih Ou, Cheng-Yen Chuang, Chun-Da Chen, Chung-Yi Cheng
Severe falciparum malaria is associated with multiple organ dysfunction and a high rate of fatal outcome. Malaria is a world-wide disease in tropical areas through the bites of vector mosquitoes. Parasitic protozoans introduced by the mosquito's saliva to the blood travel to the liver then mature and reproduce. In humans, malaria is caused by Plasmodium falciparum, P. malariae, P. ovale, P. vivax, and P. knowlesi, and P. falciparum causes most deaths. Typical malaria symptoms include fever, chills, fatigue, headache, nausea, and vomiting...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Clinical Apheresis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922097/gender-differences-in-variables-associated-with-sleep-quality-in-chronic-tension-type-headache
#11
Margarita Cigarán-Méndez, Juan J Fernández-Muñoz, Esperanza Navarro-Pardo, Carmen Jiménez-Antona, Paula Parás-Bravo, Francisco Alburquerque-Sendín, César Fernández-De-Las-Peñas
We aimed to evaluate gender differences in the relationships between headache features, sleep quality, anxiety, depressive symptoms and burden of headache in 193 patients (73% women) with chronic tension type headache (CTTH). Sleep quality was assessed with the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index. Headache features were collected with a four-week diary. The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale was used to assess anxiety/depressive symptoms. Headache Disability Inventory was used to evaluate the burden of headache...
September 18, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921308/pregnancy-and-delivery-in-moyamoya-vasculopathy-experience-of-a-single-european-institution
#12
Güliz Acker, Marcus Czabanka, Peter Schmiedek, Peter Vajkoczy
Moyamoya vasculopathy (MMV) is a stenoocclusive cerebrovascular disease frequently affecting adolescent females. Thus, the management of pregnancy is of major interest for physicians dealing with MMV patients. However, clinical data concerning pregnant MMV patients is lacking. Our aim was to analyze the course of pregnancy in our European MMV patient cohort. We retrospectively identified MMV patients with a history of pregnancy who were treated in our institution. We analyzed demographic data, clinical symptoms, treatment, and detailed history of pregnancies...
September 18, 2017: Neurosurgical Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920449/the-relationship-between-migraine-and-rosacea-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Casper Emil Christensen, Frederikke Schelde Andersen, Nita Wienholtz, Alexander Egeberg, Jacob P Thyssen, Messoud Ashina
Objective To systematically review the association between migraine and rosacea. Background Migraine is a complex disorder with episodes of headache, nausea, photo- and phonophobia. Rosacea is an inflammatory skin condition with flushing, erythema, telangiectasia, papules, and pustules. Both are chronic disorders with exacerbations of symptoms almost exclusively in areas innervated by the trigeminal nerve. Previous studies found an association between these disorders. We review these findings, provide a meta-analysis, and discuss possible pathophysiological commonalities...
January 1, 2017: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920050/management-of-chronic-daily-headache-and-psychiatric-co-morbidities-by-lifestyle-modification-participatory-action-research-combining-new-communication-media
#14
Fakhrudin Faizi, Abbas Tavallaee, Abolfazl Rahimi, Masoud Saghafinia
BACKGROUND: Lifestyle modification has a significant role in chronic daily headache (CDH) management. Participatory action research (PAR) can play an important role in managing chronic medical conditions. However, it has been scarcely used in CDH management. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to empower patients with CDH to modify their lifestyle in order to reduce both their headache and related psychiatric co-morbidities in a multidisciplinary headache clinic at Baqiyatallah hospital, Tehran, IR Iran...
April 2017: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919592/the-study-on-the-lives-and-health-conditions-of-internees-in-santo-thomas-camp-of-philippines-based-on-mcanlis-s-the-war-in-manila-1941-1945
#15
Jueyeon Lee, Youngsoo Cho
When Japan invaded the Philippines, two missionary dentists (Dr. McAnlis and Dr. Boots) who were forced to leave Korea were captured and interned in the Santo Thomas camp in Manila. Japan continued to bombard and plunder the Philippines in the wake of the Pacific War following the Great East Asia policy, leading to serious inflation and material deficiency. More than 4,000 Allied citizens held in Santo Thomas camp without basic food and shelter. Santo Thomas Camp was equipped with the systems of the Japanese military medical officers and Western doctors of captivity based on the Geneva Conventions(1929)...
August 2017: Ŭi Sahak
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919267/post-carotid-endarterectomy-hypertension-part-2-association-with-peri-operative-clinical-anaesthetic-and-transcranial-doppler-derived-parameters
#16
Jeremy E Newman, Mathew J Bown, Robert D Sayers, Jonathan P Thompson, Thompson G Robinson, Bryan Williams, Ronney Panerai, Peter Lacy, A Ross Naylor
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: The first paper in this series observed that pre-operative baroreceptor dysfunction and poorly controlled hypertension were independently predictive for identifying patients who went on to require treatment for post-endarterectomy hypertension (PEH). The second paper examines the influence of intra-operative patient, transcranial Doppler (TCD) ultrasound, and anaesthetic variables on the incidence of PEH. METHODS: In total, 106 patients underwent carotid endarterectomy (CEA) under general anaesthesia...
September 14, 2017: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918127/clinical-laboratory-and-virological-data-from-suspected-zikv-patients-in-an-endemic-arbovirus-area
#17
Tatiana Elias Colombo, Cássia Fernanda Estofolete, Andréia Francesli Negri Reis, Natal Santos da Silva, Morgana Lima Aguiar, Eliana Márcia Sotello Cabrera, Izalco Nuremberg Penha Dos Santos, Fabiana Rodrigues Costa, Lilian Elisa Arão Antônio Cruz, Patrícia Lopes Rombola, Ana Carolina Bernardes Terzian, Maurício Lacerda Nogueira
BACKGROUND: The emergence of Zika virus (ZIKV) presents new challenges to both clinicians and public health authorities. Overlapping clinical features between the diseases caused by ZIKV, dengue (DENV) and chikungunya (CHIKV) and the lack of validated serological assays for ZIKV make accurate diagnosis difficult. Brazilian authorities largely rely on clinical and epidemiological data for the epidemiological and clinical classifications of most ZIKV cases. OBJECTIVE: To report the laboratory and clinical profiles of patients diagnosed with Zika fever based only on clinical and epidemiological data...
September 9, 2017: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916953/dexlansoprazole-for-heartburn-relief-in-adolescents-with-symptomatic-nonerosive-gastro-esophageal-reflux-disease
#18
Benjamin D Gold, Betsy Pilmer, Jaroslaw Kierkuś, Barbara Hunt, Maria Claudia Perez, David Gremse
BACKGROUND: Proton pump inhibitors are commonly used to treat gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD) and nonerosive GERD (NERD) in adolescents and adults. Despite the efficacy of available medications, many patients have persisting symptoms, indicating a need for more effective agents. AIMS: To assess the safety and efficacy of dexlansoprazole dual delayed-release capsules in adolescents for treatment of symptomatic NERD. METHODS: A phase 2, open-label, multicenter study was conducted in adolescents aged 12-17 years...
September 15, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915895/impact-of-ugt1a1-gene-polymorphisms-on-plasma-dolutegravir-trough-concentrations-and-neuropsychiatric-adverse-events-in-japanese-individuals-infected-with-hiv-1
#19
Hiroki Yagura, Dai Watanabe, Hiroyuki Kushida, Kosuke Tomishima, Hiroaki Togami, Atsushi Hirano, Masaaki Takahashi, Kazuyuki Hirota, Motoko Ikuma, Daisuke Kasai, Yasuharu Nishida, Munehiro Yoshino, Kunio Yamazaki, Tomoko Uehira, Takuma Shirasaka
BACKGROUND: Dolutegravir (DTG) is metabolized mainly by uridine diphosphate (UDP)-glucuronosyltransferase 1A1 (UGT1A1), and partly by cytochrome P450 3A (CYP3A). Therefore, we focused on UGT1A1 gene polymorphisms (*6 and *28) in Japanese individuals infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 to examine the relationship between their plasma trough concentration of DTG and gene polymorphisms. Recently, neuropsychiatric adverse events (NP-AEs) after the use of DTG have become a concern, so the association between UGT1A1 gene polymorphisms and selected NP-AEs was also investigated...
September 16, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914375/central-nervous-system-involvement-in-patients-with-granulomatosis-with-polyangiitis-a-single-center-retrospective-study
#20
George E Fragoulis, Sophia Lionaki, Aliki Venetsanopoulou, Panayiotis G Vlachoyiannopoulos, Haralampos M Moutsopoulos, Athanasios G Tzioufas
The aims of this study were to estimate the frequency of central nervous system (CNS) involvement in Greek patients with granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) and describe the related clinical characteristics and long-term outcomes of these patients. Medical charts of all ANCA-associated vasculitis patients were retrospectively reviewed, and GPA patients with CNS involvement were identified. Demographics, serological, and clinical features throughout the disease course were recorded. Comparisons of disease characteristics and long-term outcomes were performed between GPA patients with and without CNS involvement...
September 15, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
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