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Chao Wang, Zhi-Yi Hu, Heng Zhao, Wenbei Yu, Sijia Wu, Jing Liu, Lihua Chen, Yu Li, Bao-Lian Su
We report three types of conducting polymers (CPs), polyaniline (PANI), polypyrrole (PPY) and poly (3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT) to modify the surface of the CdS nanorods to probe their photocorrosion inhibition and photocatalytic hydrogen production. Various characterizations, such as high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), cyclic voltammetry (CV) and density function theory (DFT) calculations have been conducted to reveal the intrinsic structure of the as-constructed CPs@CdS (@ means CPs at the surface of CdS) core-shell nanorods...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Minqi Yang, Ning Ma, Yingying Zhu, Ying-Chu Su, Qingwei Chen, Fan-Chi Hsiao, Yanran Ji, Chien-Ming Yang, Guofu Zhou
Exposure to bright light is typically intermittent in our daily life. However, the acute effects of intermittent light on alertness and sleep have seldom been explored. To investigate this issue, we employed within-subject design and compared the effects of three light conditions: intermittent bright light (30-min pulse of blue-enriched bright light (~1000 lux, ~6000 K) alternating with 30-min dim normal light (~5 lux, ~3600 K) three times); continuous bright light; and continuous dim light on subjective and objective alertness and subsequent sleep structure...
March 15, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Rong Ma, Wei Liu, Zhongzhong Qin, Xiaolong Su, Xiaojun Jia, Junxiang Zhang, Jiangrui Gao
Using a nondegenerate four-wave mixing (FWM) process based on a double-Λ scheme in hot cesium vapor, we demonstrate a compact diode-laser-pumped quantum light source for the generation of quantum correlated twin beams with a maximum squeezing of 6.5 dB. The squeezing is observed at a Fourier frequency in the audio band down to 0.7 kHz which, to the best of our knowledge, is the first observation of sub-kilohertz intensity-difference squeezing in an atomic system so far. A phase-matching condition is also investigated in our system, which confirms the spatial-multi-mode characteristics of the FWM process...
March 15, 2018: Optics Letters
Daojing Li, Deyuan Shen, Lei Li, Dingyuan Tang, Lei Su, Luming Zhao
Internal polarization dynamics of vector dissipative-soliton-resonance (DSR) pulses in a mode-locked fiber laser are investigated. By utilizing a wave plate analyzer configuration to analyze the special structure of a DSR pulse, we find that polarization state is not uniform across a resonant dissipative soliton. Specifically, although the central plane wave of the resonant dissipative soliton acquires nearly a single fixed polarization, the dissipative fronts feature polarization states that are different and spatially varying...
March 15, 2018: Optics Letters
Y K Lin, Q H Wu, S Z Wang, A H Wu, L B Su, L H Zheng, J F Chen, Z P Qin, G Q Xie, X D Xu, Q S Song, Q H Yang
The Nd3+ -doped Bi4 Ge3 O12 (BGO) single-crystal fiber (SCF) was successfully grown by the micro-pulling-down method with the resistance heating system. The fluorescence spectrum and transmission spectrum of the Nd:BGO SCF were measured. Excited by a continuous-wave 808-nm laser diode, a fluorescence peak around 1064 nm was observed. At an absorbed pump power of 15.25 W, the Nd:BGO SCF laser delivered a power of 3.37 W with a slope efficiency of 31.2%.
March 15, 2018: Optics Letters
Jiangbin Su, Xianfang Zhu
The nanoinstability of single crystal Si nanowire under electron beam irradiation was in-situ investigated at room temperature by transmission electron microscopy technique. It was observed that the Si nanowire amorphized preferentially from the surface towards the center with the increasing of electron dose. In contrast, in the center of the Si nanowire the amorphization seemed much more difficult accompanying with rotation of crystal grains and compression of d-spacing. Such a preferential amorphization as athermally induced by the electron beam irradiation can be well accounted for by our proposed concepts of nanocurvature effect and energetic beam-induced athermal activation effect, while the classical knock-on mechanism and the electron beam heating effect seem inadequate to explain these processes...
March 15, 2018: Nanotechnology
Shlomo S Razamat, Orr Sela, Gabi Zafrir
We study two cases of interrelations between the enhancement of symmetries in the infrared (IR) and duality properties of supersymmetric quantum field theories in four dimensions. First, we discuss an SU(2) N=1 model with four flavors, singlet fields, and a superpotential. We show that this model flows to a conformal field theory with E_{6}×U(1) global symmetry. The enhancement of the flavor symmetry follows from Seiberg duality. The second example is concerned with an SU(4) gauge theory with matter in the fundamental and antisymmetric representations...
February 16, 2018: Physical Review Letters
Biao Lian, Shou-Cheng Zhang
We propose a trial wave function for the quantum Hall bilayer system of total filling factor ν_{T}=1 at a layer distance d to magnetic length ℓ ratio d/ℓ=κ_{c1}≈1.1, where the lowest charged excitation is known to have a level crossing. The wave function has two-particle correlations, which fit well with those in previous numerical studies, and can be viewed as a Bose-Einstein condensate of free excitons formed by composite bosons and anticomposite bosons in different layers. We show the free nature of these excitons indicating an emergent SU(2) symmetry for the composite bosons at d/ℓ=κ_{c1}, which leads to the level crossing in low-lying charged excitations...
February 16, 2018: Physical Review Letters
Haeree Park, Yeongkyu Choi, M T Jeena, Eungjin Ahn, Yuri Choi, Myeong-Gyun Kang, Chae Gyu Lee, Tae-Hyuk Kwon, Hyun-Woo Rhee, Ja-Hyoung Ryu, Byeong-Su Kim
Owing to the unique advantages of combining the characteristics of hydrogels and nanoparticles, nanogels are actively investigated as a promising platform for advanced biomedical applications. In this work, a self-cross-linked hyperbranched polyglycerol nanogel is synthesized using the thiol-disulfide exchange reaction based on a novel disulfide-containing polymer. A series of structural analyses confirm the tunable size and cross-linking density depending on the type of polymer (homo- or copolymer) and the amount of reducing agent, dithiothreitol, used in the preparation of the nanogels...
March 15, 2018: Macromolecular Bioscience
Jungmok Seo, Jung-Youn Shin, Jeroen Leijten, Oju Jeon, Ayça Bal Öztürk, Jeroen Rouwkema, Yuancheng Li, Su Ryon Shin, Hadi Hajiali, Eben Alsberg, Ali Khademhosseini
Biophysical cues can potently direct a cell's or tissue's behavior. Cells interpret their biophysical surroundings, such as matrix stiffness or dynamic mechanical stimulation, through mechanotransduction. However, our understanding of the various aspects of mechanotransduction has been limited by the lack of proper analysis platforms capable of screening three-dimensional (3D) cellular behaviors in response to biophysical cues. Here, we developed a dynamic compression bioreactor to study the combinational effects of biomaterial composition and dynamic mechanical compression on cellular behavior in 3D hydrogels...
March 15, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Zhengyuan Wang, Peng Liu, Xiaohui Su, Shurong Zou, Jun Song, Shoujun Liu
In Shanghai, a new iodized salt standard was implemented in 2012. To provide evidence to the government, we compared iodine status before (35 mg/kg) and after (30 mg/kg) adjustment in vulnerable populations living in Shanghai. The probability-proportional-to-size sampling technique was used to select at least 360 pregnant women for urine iodine test and at least 1200 students for thyroid measurement and the household salt test. Of these students, at least 360 performed urine iodine test. The median thyroid volume and the median household salt iodine concentration of children aged 8-10 years were 1...
March 14, 2018: Biological Trace Element Research
Meng-Ting Li, Ning Kong, Ya-Qian Lan, Zhong-Min Su
We utilise the dual synthesis strategy in terms of bimetallic inorganic building blocks and sulfur containing organic ligand. A novel sulfur-containing bimetallic metal organic framework (Fe2 Co-TPDC) with two types of 4-fold meso-helical structures has been successfully synthesized. Benefitting from the uniform distribution of active sulfur sites and the structural stability of the mixed-metallic method, Fe2 Co-TPDC can efficiently prevent a shuttle behavior of sulfur and endow a commendable specific capacity...
March 15, 2018: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Wei-Wen Su
Purpose: Sturge-Weber syndrome (SWS) is a neurocutaneous disorder characterized by facial cutaneous venous dilatation (port-wine stain), leptomeningeal angioma, and ocular abnormalities. Here we report a case of SWS who experienced acute primary angle-closure in the same side of the nevus flammeus. Observations: A 64-years-old female patient with SWS port wine stain on the left side of her face was referred to our ER for acute primary angle-closure (PAC). The IOP was 64 mmHg in the left eye (12 mmHg in OD) and the visual acuity was 20/100...
June 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports
Hyun-Jung Moon, Hak-Bong Kim, Su-Hoon Lee, So-Eun Jeun, Chi-Dug Kang, Sun-Hee Kim
NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) have potential use as anticancer agents, either alone or in combination with other cancer therapies. We found that NSAIDs including celecoxib (CCB) and ibuprofen (IBU) significantly potentiated the cytotoxicity of Hsp90 inhibitors in human multidrug-resistant (MDR) cells expressing high levels of mutant p53 (mutp53) protein and P-glycoprotein (P-gp), and reversed Hsp90 inhibitor resistance caused by activation of heat shock factor 1 (HSF1) and by up-regulation of heat shock proteins (Hsps) and P-gp...
February 16, 2018: Oncotarget
Zhengda Sun, Chih-Yang Wang, Devon A Lawson, Serena Kwek, Hugo Gonzalez Velozo, Mark Owyong, Ming-Derg Lai, Lawrence Fong, Mark Wilson, Hua Su, Zena Werb, Daniel L Cooke
Tumor endothelial cells (TEC) play an indispensible role in tumor growth and metastasis although much of the detailed mechanism still remains elusive. In this study we characterized and compared the global gene expression profiles of TECs and control ECs isolated from human breast cancerous tissues and reduction mammoplasty tissues respectively by single cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq). Based on the qualified scRNA-seq libraries that we made, we found that 1302 genes were differentially expressed between these two EC phenotypes...
February 16, 2018: Oncotarget
Jung Mi Byun, Su Sun Kim, Ki Tae Kim, Mi Seon Kang, Dae Hoon Jeong, Dae Sim Lee, Eun Jung Jung, Young Nam Kim, Jin Han, In Sung Song, Kyoun Bok Lee, Moon Su Sung
Endometrial cancer is the sixth most common cancer in women worldwide. Peroxiredoxins (PRDXs) are antioxidant enzymes that serve important roles in cell differentiation, proliferation, and apoptosis. In the present study, the potential associations between PRDX expression and endometrial cancer were investigated. The expression levels of various PRDX mRNAs were detected by semi-quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) in endometrial cancer tissues (n=26) and normal endometrial tissues (n=10)...
April 2018: Oncology Letters
Yiran Ao, Qin Zhao, Kai Yang, Gang Zheng, Xiaoqing Lv, Xiaoli Su
Clock genes are the core of the circadian rhythms in the human body and are important in regulating normal physiological functions. To date, research has indicated that the clock gene, period circadian clock 2 ( PER2 ), is downregulated in numerous types of cancer, and that it is associated with cancer occurrence and progression via the regulation of various downstream cell cycle genes. However, it remains unclear whether the decreased expression of PER2 influences the expression of other clock genes in cancer cells...
April 2018: Oncology Letters
Wansu Park, Vesna Sendula-Jengic, Seong Su Nah, Han Chae
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
Min Yang, Li Su, Qin Tao, Chenxi Zhang, Yueyue Wu, Jun Liu
Hashimoto's Thyroiditis (HT) is a common organ-specific autoimmune disorder associated with a high incidence, and insulin resistance is highly related to autoimmune. Here, we examined the insulin sensitivity in HT patients and found decreased insulin sensitivity occurred in HT patients. To explore the relationship between impaired insulin sensitivity and immune status, we established HT model mice which showed similar pathological features and immune features to HT patients. In HT model mice, reinfusion of regulatory T cells (Tregs) from peripheral blood of normal mice could improve insulin sensitivity and decrease the inflammation...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
Xi Gu, Xuemin Wang, Dazhuang Su, Xiaohong Su, Lifang Lin, Shuji Li, Qiaoqi Wu, Shuhu Liu, Peidong Zhang, Xinhong Zhu, Xiaodan Jiang
Polycomb group (PcG) proteins regulate the epigenetic status of transcription regulatory states during development. Progression from pluripotency to differentiation requires the sequential activation and repression of different PcG target genes, however, the relationship between early patterning signals, PcG expression, and the development of the central nervous system is still unclear. Using various models of neuronal differentiation, we provide evidence that CBX2 is a negative regulator of neuronal differentiation...
2018: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
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