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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528522/reconstitution-inflammatory-syndrome-like-reactive-hemophagocytic-syndrome-associated-with-disseminated-histoplasmosis-in-a-hiv-patient
#1
REVIEW
Sandra M Gómez-Espejo, Julián Olalla-Sierra, Pilar Marí-Jiménez, Teresa Pereda-Salguero, Javier Pérez-Stachowski, Javier de-la-Torre-Lima, Alfonso Del-Arco-Jiménez, José L Prada-Pardal
We describe an unusual clinical association of disseminated histoplasmosis with reactive hemophagocytic syndrome. We report the case of a new HIV-positive patient with reconstitution inflammatory syndrome like reactive hemophagocytic syndrome associated with disseminated histoplasmosis. We describe the clinical case, the procedures performed, the treatment provided and the patient's evolution. A figure of liver biopsy Grocott's silver methenamine stain that shows lots of uniform ovoid yeasts in portal spaces' macrophages that supports the diagnosis of disseminated histoplasmosis in our case...
May 20, 2017: Mycopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528110/effect-of-regulated-deficit-irrigation-on-quality-parameters-carotenoids-and-phenolics-of-diverse-tomato-varieties-solanum-lycopersicum-l
#2
Elena Coyago-Cruz, Mireia Corell, Carla M Stinco, Dolores Hernanz, Alfonso Moriana, Antonio J Meléndez-Martínez
This study aims to evaluate the effects of regulated deficit irrigation (RDI) and of cluster position (CI: first and second cluster; CII: third and fourth cluster; CIII: fifth and sixth cluster) on fruit quality parameters, carotenoids and phenolics in tomatoes. Three common ('Tigerella', 'Palamós' and 'Byelsa') and two cherry varieties ('Lazarino' and 'Summerbrix') were studied. The results showed that the regulated deficit irrigation with reduction of 40 and 50% in the leaf water potential in common and cherry tomatoes did not affect greatly the organoleptic quality of common tomatoes and 'Summerbrix', while cherry varieties were significantly affected with the cluster position...
June 2017: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528093/kinetic-and-thermodynamic-compensation-a-current-and-practical-review-for-foods
#3
REVIEW
Alfonso Garvín, Raquel Ibarz, Albert Ibarz
Kinetic and thermodynamic compensations have been reported in many chemical, physical, biological and food processes. Kinetic compensation can be found for any process and when it takes place, it gives information about the reaction mechanism and whether the reaction is controlled by enthalpy or entropy. It consists of the linear relationship between the logarithm of the frequency factor (lnk0) and the activation energy (Ea), both previously obtained from the Arrhenius equation for different values of an environmental variable (e...
June 2017: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528066/left-ventricular-myxoma-recurrence-and-risk-of-embolism
#4
Pedro Pérez Díaz, Nuria Muñoz Ruiz, Alfonso Jurado Román
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528012/impact-of-total-pars-plana-vitrectomy-on-postoperative-complications-in-aphakic-snap-on-type-1-boston-keratoprosthesis
#5
Victor L Perez, Ella H Leung, Audina M Berrocal, Thomas A Albini, Jean Marie Parel, Guillermo Amescua, Eduardo C Alfonso, Tayyeba K Ali, Allister Gibbons
PURPOSE: To determine the impact of total pars plana vitrectomies (PPVs) with peripheral shaving of the vitreous base on the rates of postoperative complications in patients with aphakic, snap-on type I Boston keratoprostheses (KPros). DESIGN: Retrospective, consecutive case series. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 48 eyes in 46 patients with implantation of aphakic, snap-on type 1 Boston KPros performed at a tertiary care facility between January 1, 2007, and December 31, 2013, were included...
May 17, 2017: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527904/incidence-and-risk-factors-of-food-allergy-after-umbilical-cord-blood-transplantation-in-children
#6
Alfonso Hernández-Ojeda, Nicolás Rojas, Francisco Barriga, María Angélica Wietstruck, Pamela S Morales, Arturo Borzutzky
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 17, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527677/human-parechovirus-sepsis-induced-coagulopathy-in-an-infant
#7
Jean-Francois Bonnet, Tara M Connelly, Guillermo H Vega, Alfonso Rodriguez Herrera
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 17, 2017: Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526929/analytical-management-of-patients-undergoing-oral-anticoagulant-therapy-could-have-a-strong-impact-on-clinical-outcomes-a-follow-up-study
#8
Vincenzo De Iuliis, Sebastiano Ursi, Gianfranco Vitullo, Irma Griffo, Antonio Marino, Marika Caruso, Francesco Cipollone, Sabrina Capodifoglio, Veronica Breda, Elena Toniato, Alfonso Pennelli, Pio Conti, Stefano Martinotti
INTRODUCTION: Oral anticoagulant therapy, such as vitamin K antagonists (VKAs), is prominent for the prevention of cerebral ischemic stroke or systemic embolism and all-cause mortality in patients with atrial fibrillation, venous thromboembolism, and mechanical or biological valve. VKA treatment requires monitoring of the international normalized ratio (INR) in order to maintain it in a therapeutic range, avoiding side effects, the main and most significant of which is bleeding. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the event rates of several clinical composite outcomes, such as bleeding, thromboembolic events, and all-cause death...
May 19, 2017: Cardiology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526902/retroclival-epidural-haematoma-a-diagnosis-to-suspect-report-of-three-cases-and-review-of-the-literature
#9
Gorka Zabalo, Rodrigo Ortega, Jorge Díaz, Alfonso Vázquez, Daniel de Frutos, Juan Carlos García, Idoya Zazpe
Retroclival epidural haematoma (REDH) has been reported infrequently. It is a rare entity which is probably underdiagnosed. It is most commonly seen in the paediatric population and is generally associated with high-velocity injuries. We report three cases of paediatric patients diagnosed with REDHs: two of them secondary to high-energy trauma related to a motor-vehicle accident and the other a low-energy trauma after a slip while playing football. All three patients were managed conservatively by cervical immobilisation with favourable outcome...
May 20, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524212/-infantile-acquired-brain-injury-a-personal-experience-demands-from-the-socio-familial-point-of-view
#10
P Pastor-Alfonso
We report on the experience of a family in which the youngest child has acquired brain injury and the struggle undertaken by the family to improve the neurorehabilitation resources in the public health service. The article outlines the main demands, from the socio-familial point of view, as regards the improvement of neurological rehabilitation and the resources needed to deliver it.
May 17, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523455/-heat-induced-contaminants-in-foodstuffs-acrylamide-furan-and-fatty-acid-esters-of-monochloropropanediols-and-glycidol
#11
REVIEW
Susanne Andres, Katharina Schultrich, Bernhard Monien, Thorsten Buhrke, Nadiya Bakhiya, Falko Frenzel, Klaus Abraham, Bernd Schäfer, Alfonso Lampen
The production and preparation of foodstuffs may entail at high temperatures the generation of undesirable, potentially harmful compounds. Among the best investigated heat-induced contaminants are acrylamide, furan, and the fatty acid esters of glycidol and the monochloropropanediols. This article presents the main insights into the formation, toxicology, and exposure of these compounds. Acrylamide and glycidol were characterized as carcinogens with a genotoxic mechanism in animal experiments. Their content in foods should be minimized...
May 18, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523067/extension-of-adrenocortical-carcinoma-into-the-right-atrium
#12
Yulanka Castro-Dominguez, Fatima Samad, Hayder Hashim, Alfonso Waller
Adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC) is a rare and highly aggressive malignant neoplasm which can produce intravascular extension into the inferior vena cava (IVC) rarely extend into the right atrium (RA). We report a case of a male patient with large ACC with extension into the IVC and RA. Computed tomography showed a large right adrenal mass with contiguous tumor thrombus extending into IVC and RA with extension to the level of tricuspid valve. Patient underwent combined cardiac and abdominal surgical intervention on cardiopulmonary bypass with removal of the mass...
March 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522335/comparative-analysis-of-transcriptomic-responses-to-repeated-dose-exposure-to-2-mcpd-and-3-mcpd-in-rat-kidney-liver-and-testis
#13
Thorsten Buhrke, Katharina Schultrich, Albert Braeuning, Alfonso Lampen
3-Chloro-1,2-propanediol (3-MCPD) and its isomer 2-chloro-1,3-propanediol (2-MCPD) are heat-induced food contaminants present in oil- and fat-containing foodstuff. Kidney and testes are among the main target organs of 3-MCPD. Almost no data on 2-MCPD toxicity are available. Here, transcriptomic responses following repeated-dose exposure of rats to non-toxic doses of 10 mg/kg body weight 2-MCPD or 3-MCPD for 28 days were characterized by microarray analysis of kidney, liver, and testes. 3-MCPD exerted more pronounced effects than 2-MCPD in all organs...
May 15, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522234/tjalma-syndrome-pseudo-pseudo-meigs-as-initial-manifestation-of-juvenile-onset-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#14
Alfonso Ragnar Torres Jiménez, Eunice Solís-Vallejo, Adriana Ivonne Céspedes-Cruz, Maritza Zeferino Cruz, Edna Zoraida Rojas-Curiel, Berenice Sánchez-Jara
Tjalma syndrome or pseudo-pseudo Meigs' syndrome is a clinical condition characterized by pleural effusion, ascites and elevated CA-125 with no associated benign or malignant ovarian tumor in a patient with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Tjalma described the first case of a patient with SLE, pleural effusion, ascites and elevated CA-125. We report the first case in a 14-year old patient who presented with ascites and pleural effusion refractory to treatment and elevated CA-125, in the absence of an ovarian tumor, that warranted aggressive management...
May 15, 2017: Reumatología Clinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522074/-orthogeriatrics-the-first-multicentre-regional-register-of-hip-fractures-in-castilla-y-le%C3%A3-n-spain
#15
Angélica Muñoz-Pascual, Pilar Sáez-López, Sonia Jiménez-Mola, Natalia Sánchez-Hernández, Noelia Alonso-García, Ana Isabel Andrés-Sainz, M Cruz Macias-Montero, Carmen Vázquez-Pedrezuela, Nieves Pereira de Castro Juez, Pilar Del Pozo-Tagarro, Carmen Pablos-Hernández, Carmen Cervera-Díaz, Ana Cerón-Fernández, Esther Vuelta-Calzada, Javier Perez-Jara Carrera, Alfonso González-Ramírez, Teresa Collado-Díaz, Javier Idoate-Gil, M Teresa Guerrero-Díaz, Dayro Gutierrez-Bejarano, Encarnación Martín-Perez
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to describe the characteristics of the patients with hip fracture admitted to the Public Hospitals of Castilla y León during three monthly periods (November 2014, and October and November 2015). MATERIAL AND METHOD: The Castilla y León orthogeriatrics work group created a common register to collect data on hip fractures. The study included patients 75 years-old and over hospitalised with hip fractures in the 13 public hospitals in the community during November 2014, and October and November 2015...
May 15, 2017: Revista Española de Geriatría y Gerontología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28517021/low-discriminating-power-of-the-modified-ottawa-vte-risk-score-in-a-cohort-of-patients-with-cancer-from-the-riete-registry
#16
Adriano Alatri, Lucia Mazzolai, Carme Font, Alfonso Tafur, Reina Valle, Pablo Javier Marchena, Aitor Ballaz, Eros Tiraferri, Llorenç Font, Manuel Monreal
Treatment of patients with cancer-associated venous thromboembolism (VTE) remains a major challenge. The modified Ottawa score is a clinical prediction rule evaluating the risk of VTE recurrences during the first six months of anticoagulant treatment in patients with cancer-related VTE. We aimed to validate the Ottawa score using data from the RIETE registry. A total of 11,123 cancer patients with VTE were included in the analysis. According to modified Ottawa score, 2,343 (21 %) were categorised at low risk for VTE recurrences, 4,525 (41 %) at intermediate risk, and 4,255 (38 %) at high risk...
May 18, 2017: Thrombosis and Haemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516262/-nanomaterials-in-foodstuffs-toxicological-properties-and-risk-assessment
#17
REVIEW
Linda Böhmert, Peter Laux, Andreas Luch, Albert Braeuning, Alfonso Lampen
Nanomaterials measure below 100 nm in size in at least one dimension. In general, organic and inorganic nanoparticles can be distinguished. In addition, nanosized structures may differ substantially with regard to their shape, chemical composition and physical properties. They may originate either from natural processes or can be manufactured intentionally. The possible specific toxicological properties of nanoparticles that might be based on their enhanced reactivity due to an increased surface-to-volume ratio, as compared to larger particles, or which might result from preferential uptake in cells and tissues, are the subject of current toxicological research...
May 17, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516258/-biomarkers-of-internal-exposure-to-toxicologically-relevant-contaminants-in-food
#18
REVIEW
Klaus Abraham, Bernhard Monien, Alfonso Lampen
The assessment of health risks resulting from the intake of genotoxic carcinogens in food depends essentially on a valid exposure assessment. The reliability of the external exposure estimation is restricted by various factors, e. g. inaccurate data from dietary protocols and variations of food contaminant contents. As an alternative, the individual internal exposure to genotoxic substances may be described by specific biomarkers in different matrices. For example, mercapturic acids formed after glutathione conjugation of electrophilic metabolites can be detected in the urine...
May 17, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516257/-plant-derived-contaminants-in-food-occurrence-effects-and-risk-assessment
#19
REVIEW
Birgit Dusemund, Ivonne M C M Rietjens, Alexander Cartus, Bernd Schaefer, Alfonso Lampen
Among the various contaminants, the group of natural plant-derived substances in the modern food chain has been generating increasing concern in recent years. The adverse effects encountered may be diverse and pose risks of acute, subchronic or chronic toxicity. The underlying mechanisms of toxicity may be thresholded or be based on interactions with DNA, as for genotoxic carcinogens, for which the existence of a threshold cannot be assumed. This article gives an overview of the major plant-derived contaminants of present concern in the modern food chain and describes their mode of action and adverse effects...
May 17, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515986/use-of-and-intentions-to-use-dermoscopy-among-physicians-in-the-united-states
#20
Jeffrey B Morris, Sara V Alfonso, Nilda Hernandez, M Isabel Fernández
BACKGROUND: Dermatologists routinely use dermoscopy to improve diagnostic accuracy of skin cancers. Much less is known about its use among other physicians who routinely examine the skin, such as family physicians, internists and plastic surgeons. OBJECTIVES: To document the use of dermoscopy in a sample of US physicians and to examine physician and practice characteristics associated with ever having used a dermascope and having some intentions to incorporate dermoscopy into clinical practice during the next 12 months...
April 2017: Dermatology Practical & Conceptual
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