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Band Keratopathy

Almira Cosickic, Meliha Halilbasic, Amela Selimovic, Harun Avdagic
INTRODUCTION: Uveitis as extra-articular manifestation of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is present in 20% of children with the persistent form, in 30% with the extended oligoarticular form, while it is present in psoriatic and polyarticular rheumatoid factor (RF) negative arthritis in 10% and 14%, respectively. AIM: The aim of the study was to evaluate the frequency of uveitis and its complications in children with JIA. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted with an analysis of the medical records of children with JIA who were treated for the last 5 years...
February 2017: Medical Archives
Ahmad M Mansour, Randa Haddad
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 30, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
Murat Karacorlu, Isil Sayman Muslubas, Mumin Hocaoglu, Serra Arf, Mehmet Giray Ersoz
PURPOSE: To evaluate the long-term results of total retinectomy in patients with rhegmatogenous retinal detachment and severe proliferative vitreoretinopathy. METHODS: Seven eyes of 7 patients had pars plana vitrectomy, with or without pars plana lensectomy, and total retinectomy, with or without silicone oil tamponade, for the management of rhegmatogenous retinal detachment and proliferative vitreoretinopathy (Grade D1-3) after previous complex vitreoretinal surgery procedures...
November 8, 2016: Retina
Vanesa Calvo-Río, Montserrat Santos-Gómez, Inmaculada Calvo, M Isabel González-Fernández, Berta López-Montesinos, Marina Mesquida, Alfredo Adán, María Victoria Hernández, Olga Maíz, Antonio Atanes, Beatriz Bravo, Consuelo Modesto, Gisela Díaz-Cordovés, Natalia Palmou-Fontana, Javier Loricera, M C González-Vela, Rosalía Demetrio-Pablo, J L Hernández, Miguel A González-Gay, Ricardo Blanco
OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of tocilizumab (TCZ) for the treatment of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA)-associated uveitis. METHODS: We conducted a multicenter study of patients with JIA-associated uveitis that was refractory to conventional immunosuppressive drugs and anti-tumor necrosis factor (anti-TNF) agents. RESULTS: We assessed 25 patients (21 female; 47 affected eyes) with a mean ± SD age of 18.5 ± 8.3 years. Uveitis was bilateral in 22 patients...
March 2017: Arthritis & Rheumatology
Manuel F Bande, Irina García-Garcés, Laura Paniagua, Francisco Ruiz-Oliva, Antonio Piñeiro, Maria Jose Blanco-Teijeiro
OBJECTIVES: To study the predisposition factors for dislocation of the intraocular lens (IOL)-capsular bag complex and analyze the results of subsequent reimplantation surgery. METHODS: The exclusion criteria were complicated cataract surgery and minor dislocations that appeared in the first year after cataract surgery. Thirty-six months of monitoring of the reimplantation surgery was required. The primary measurements of results were factors concerning dislocation, the interval between cataract surgery and dislocation, and postoperative complications...
May 2017: Retina
Shih-Feng Weng, Ren-Long Jan, Chun Chang, Jhi-Joung Wang, Shih-Bin Su, Chien-Cheng Huang, Sung-Huei Tseng, Yuh-Shin Chang
This study is a retrospective, nationwide, matched cohort study to investigate the risk of band keratopathy following end-stage renal disease (ESRD). The study cohort included 94,039 ESRD on-dialysis patients identified by the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM), code 585 and registered between January 2000 to December 2009 at the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database. An age- and sex-matched control group comprised 94,039 patients selected from the Taiwan Longitudinal Health Insurance Database 2000...
2016: Scientific Reports
Pallavi Tyagi, Zain Juma, Aravind R Reddy
BACKGROUND: Mulvihill-Smith syndrome is a rare progeroid syndrome of sporadic nature. Previously reported ophthalmological findings include astigmatism, myopia, endothelial dystrophy, keratoconus, cataract, band keratopathy, meibomian gland dysfunction, dry eye disease, amblyopia, and allergic conjunctivitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The proband, a 25-year-old male subject diagnosed with Mulvihill-Smith syndrome in childhood developed retinal changes with onset of adulthood...
March 2017: Ophthalmic Genetics
Shiro Amano, Kyoko Kashiwabuchi, Toshihiro Sakisaka, Kenji Inoue, Ikuko Toda, Kazuo Tsubota
PURPOSE: To investigate the efficacy of hyperopic photorefractive keratectomy (HPRK) that was performed simultaneously with phototherapeutic keratectomy (PTK) with regard to decreasing hyperopic shift. METHODS: A total of 63 eyes of 47 consecutive patients with granular corneal dystrophy (GCD) or band-shaped keratopathy (BSK) underwent PTK or PTK + HPRK. PTK alone was performed in 40 eyes (20 GCD and 20 BSK), and PTK + HPRK was performed in 23 eyes (15 GCD and 8 BSK)...
August 2016: Cornea
Sarah L N Clarke, Ethan S Sen, Athimalaipet V Ramanan
Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is the most common rheumatic disease of childhood, with JIA-associated uveitis its most common extra-articular manifestation. JIA-associated uveitis is a potentially sight-threatening condition and thus carries a considerable risk of morbidity. The aetiology of the condition is autoimmune in nature with the predominant involvement of CD4(+) T cells. However, the underlying pathogenic mechanisms remain unclear, particularly regarding interplay between genetic and environmental factors...
April 27, 2016: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
Merih Oray, Naira Khachatryan, Nazanin Ebrahimiadib, Khawla Abu Samra, Stacey Lee, C Stephen Foster
PURPOSE: To describe the clinical and visual outcomes of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA)-associated uveitis in adults and to examine risk factors for ongoing inflammation in adulthood. METHODS: Medical records were reviewed for patients with JIA-associated uveitis who were >16 years old at the final visit (the last visit prior to data collection). RESULTS: In total, 135 eyes of 77 patients (70 female, 7 male) were included. The mean age of patients at the final visit was 29...
September 2016: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
Pinar Cakar Ozdal, Nilufer Berker, Ilknur Tugal-Tutkun
Pars planitis is an idiopathic chronic intermediate uveitis which predominantly affects children and adolescents, and accounts for 5-26.7% of pediatric uveitis. Although an autoimmune process with a genetic predisposition has been suggested, its etiology still remains unknown. The most common presenting symptoms are floaters and blurred vision. Diffuse vitreous cells, haze, snowballs and snowbanks are typical findings of pars planitis. Peripheral retinal vasculitis, optic disc edema and anterior segment inflammation are other well-known findings...
October 2015: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
Sumita Phatak, Careen Lowder, Carlos Pavesio
Cataract is one of the most common and visually debilitating complications of pediatric uveitis. It develops as a consequence of chronic inflammation and steroid use and is seen most often in juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA)-associated uveitis. Cataract extraction with intraocular lens (IOL) insertion has been carried out with a measure of success in non-uveitic pediatric eyes, but in cases of uveitis, multiple factors affect the final outcome. Chronic inflammation and its sequelae such as band keratopathy, posterior synechiae, and cyclitic membranes make surgical intervention more challenging and outcome less certain...
December 2016: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection
Charles C de Farias, Norma Allemann, José Á P Gomes
PURPOSE: There are few studies comparing different surgical procedures for the treatment of corneal thinning. Lamellar corneal transplantation (LCT) has been reported to be efficient, but its results can be jeopardized by allograft rejection, opacification, or high astigmatism. Amniotic membrane transplantation (AMT) has been considered a good alternative, but it is not as resistant as LCT and the tissue can be reabsorbed after surgery. METHODS: A prospective, randomized, interventional, and comparative study of consecutive patients with corneal thinning over 6 months was performed...
April 2016: Cornea
Emily H Berryhill, Sara M Thomasy, Philip H Kass, Christopher M Reilly, Kathryn L Good, Steven R Hollingsworth, David J Maggs, K Gary Magdesian, Nicola Pusterla
OBJECTIVE: To compare signalment, presentation, treatment, and outcome in horses diagnosed with corneal degeneration (CD) or calcific band keratopathy (CBK) at a referral hospital. ANIMALS STUDIED: Sixty-nine horses (87 eyes) diagnosed with either CD or CBK. PROCEDURES: Medical records of horses diagnosed with CD or CBK at the University of California-Davis Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital (UCD-VMTH) between 2000 and 2013 were reviewed...
January 2017: Veterinary Ophthalmology
Khawla Abu Samra, Armin Maghsoudlou, Ramak Roohipoor, Manuel Valdes-Navarro, Stacey Lee, C Stephen Foster
Uveitis is a common and serious complication of juvenile idiopathic arthritis. Up to 75% of all cases of anterior uveitis in childhood are associated with juvenile idiopathic arthritis. Despite the remarkable progress in early detection and treatment of inflammation, vision-threatening complications of uveitis still occur in almost 60% of patients. Structural complications include band keratopathy, maculopathy (macular edema, macular cysts, and epiretinal membrane), glaucomatous optic neuropathy, and cataracts...
August 2016: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
Kemal Yüksel, Gökhan Pekel, Neşe Alagöz, Cengiz Alagöz, ÖkkeŞ Baz, Ahmet Taylan Yazc
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of silicone oil barrier sutures in aphakic eyes with iris defects. METHODS: Sixteen aphakic and iris-defective eyes of 16 patients who underwent a pars plana vitrectomy procedure with silicone oil tamponade because of retinal detachment were included in this retrospective study. Silicone oil barrier sutures were placed as a grid pattern within the plane of the previous iris after vitrectomy and before silicone oil injection...
June 2016: Retina
Ngamjit Kasetsuwan, Usanee Reinprayoon, Patchima Chantaren
PURPOSE: To present a case of syphilitic interstitial keratitis with Descemet's scrolls, as well as its characteristic findings in an anterior segment investigation in relation to the histopathologic findings from a literature review. CASE PRESENTATION: A case report of a 64-year-old woman with syphilitic infection presented with band keratopathy and retrocorneal scrolls. Slit-lamp photography, confocal microscopy, anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT), and ultrasound biomicroscopy were performed...
2015: International Medical Case Reports Journal
Atsufumi Hashimoto, Kazutaka Kamiya, Kimiya Shimizu, Akihito Igarashi, Hidenaga Kobashi
PURPOSE: To retrospectively assess the proportion of patients affected by a central island (CI) and its effect on visual recovery after phototherapeutic keratectomy (PTK). METHODS: This retrospective study evaluated 30 eyes of 21 consecutive patients (mean age ± standard deviation, 69.6 ± 6.8 years) undergoing PTK for the treatment of band keratopathy or granular corneal dystrophy. We investigated the rate of CI formation, which was defined as a steepening area of 3 D, 1...
November 2015: Japanese Journal of Ophthalmology
Demelza Koehn, Kacie J Meyer, Nasreen A Syed, Michael G Anderson
PURPOSE: We have observed that the commonly used ketamine/xylazine anesthesia mix can induce a focally severe and permanent corneal opacity. The purpose of this study was to establish the clinical and histological features of this deleterious side effect, its sensitivity with respect to age and anesthesia protocol, and approaches for avoiding it. METHODS: Young C57BL/6J, C57BLKS/J, and SJL/J mice were treated with permutations of anesthesia protocols and compared using slit-lamp exams, optical coherence tomography, histologic analyses, and telemetric measurements of body temperature...
2015: PloS One
Kemal Yuksel, Ugur Celik, Cengiz Alagoz, Huseyin Dundar, Burcu Celik, Ahmet Taylan Yazıcı
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the morpho-functional outcomes and safety of transconjuctival 23-gauge pars plana vitrectomy(PPV) for removal of intraocular foreign bodies (IOFBs). METHODS: A retrospective study of 36 consecutive cases (mean age; 34,2 ± 10,9 years (between 15 and 60), 27 M,9 F) of 23-G PPV for the removal of IOFBs during the period of April 2009 and December 2011 and followed 9,4 ± 6,4(2-27) months were conducted. Visual outcomes, slit lamp biomicroscopy, intraocular pressure (IOP), and posterior segment visualization by indirect ophthalmoscopy, A-B mode ultrasonography, and computed orbital tomography were performed for all cases...
2015: BMC Ophthalmology
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