keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Process communications model

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932740/tapping-the-vast-potential-of-the-data-deluge-in-small-scale-food-animal-production-businesses-challenges-to-near-real-time-data-analysis-and-interpretation
#1
Flavie Vial, Andrew Tedder
Food-animal production businesses are part of a data-driven ecosystem shaped by stringent requirements for traceability along the value chain and the expanding capabilities of connected products. Within this sector, the generation of animal health intelligence, in particular, in terms of antimicrobial usage, is hindered by the lack of a centralized framework for data storage and usage. In this Perspective, we delimit the 11 processes required for evidence-based decisions and explore processes 3 (digital data acquisition) to 10 (communication to decision-makers) in more depth...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928672/micrornas-clustered-within-the-14q32-locus-are-associated-with-endothelial-damage-and-microparticle-secretion-in-bicuspid-aortic-valve-disease
#2
Neus Martínez-Micaelo, Raúl Beltrán-Debón, Gerard Aragonés, Marta Faiges, Josep M Alegret
Background: We previously described that PECAM(+) circulating endothelial microparticles (EMPs) are elevated in bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) disease as a manifestation of endothelial damage. In this study, we hypothesized that this endothelial damage, is functionally related to the secretion of a specific pattern of EMP-associated miRNAs. Methods: We used a bioinformatics approach to correlate the PECAM(+) EMP levels with the miRNA expression profile in plasma in healthy individuals and BAV patients (n = 36)...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926007/economics-for-assisting-policy-makers-to-take-decisions-about-new-and-endemic-diseases
#3
T E Carpenter
Animal health policy-makers are frequently faced with making decisions concerning the control and exclusion of diseases in livestock and wildlife populations. Economics is one of the tools they have to aid their decision-making. It can enable them to make objective decisions based on the expected costs and benefits of their policy. In addition, economics can help them determine both the distribution impact and the indirect impact of their decisions. However, economics is only one of many tools available to policy-makers, who also need to consider non-economic outcomes in their decision-making process...
April 2017: Revue Scientifique et Technique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926001/ketamine-differential-neurophysiological-dynamics-in-functional-networks-in-the-rat-brain
#4
A Ahnaou, H Huysmans, R Biermans, N V Manyakov, W H I M Drinkenburg
Recently, the N-methyl-d-aspartate-receptor (NMDAR) antagonist ketamine has emerged as a fast-onset mechanism to achieve antidepressant activity, whereas its psychomimetic, dissociative and amnestic effects have been well documented to pharmacologically model schizophrenia features in rodents. Sleep-wake architecture, neuronal oscillations and network connectivity are key mechanisms supporting brain plasticity and cognition, which are disrupted in mood disorders such as depression and schizophrenia. In rats, we investigated the dynamic effects of acute and chronic subcutaneous administration of ketamine (2...
September 19, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925855/to-share-or-not-to-share-a-cross-sectional-study-on-health-information-sharing-and-its-determinants-among-chinese-rural-chronic-patients
#5
Hang Fu, Dong Dong, Da Feng, Zhifei He, Shangfeng Tang, Qian Fu, Zhanchun Feng
To examine the determinants of the health information sharing among rural Chinese chronic patients. Two large population-based surveys in rural China were carried out from July 2011 to April 2012. Data used in this study were second hand and sorted out from the two previous databases. A binary logistic regression analysis was employed to discover the impact of demographic characteristics, level of health literacy, and other factors on respondents' health information sharing behavior. Among the total 1,324 participants, 63...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923407/an-automated-toolchain-for-the-data-driven-and-dynamical-modeling-of-combined-sewer-systems
#6
Sara C Troutman, Nathaniel Schambach, Nancy G Love, Branko Kerkez
The recent availability and affordability of sensors and wireless communications is poised to transform our understanding and management of water systems. This will enable a new generation of adaptive water models that can ingest large quantities of sensor feeds and provide the best possible estimates of current and future conditions. To that end, this paper presents a novel data-driven identification/learning toolchain for combined sewer and stormwater systems. The toolchain uses Gaussian Processes to model dry-weather flows (domestic wastewater) and dynamical System Identification to represent wet-weather flows (rainfall runoff)...
September 3, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923319/mechanics-of-pharmaceutical-pellets-constitutive-properties-deformation-and-breakage-behavior-%C3%A2
#7
Alexander Russell, Rok Šibanc, Rok Dreu, Peter Müller
To ensure robust manufacturing of unit-based oral solid dosage forms with minimal structural imperfections and high mechanical reliability across subsequent processing unit operations (for e.g. withstanding mechanical stresses during coating, optional axial compression, handling, packaging, storage and transport conditions), process design should include consideration of precise limits of accurate micro, macro and bulk properties of the constituent pellets. This communication presents a comprehensive intricate database of micro-mechanical properties' and breakage probability distribution functions of pellets, illustrating the stiffening and strengthening effects of coatings and the softening and weakening effects of structural moisture...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922513/purpose-processes-partnerships-and-products-4ps-to-advance-participatory-socio-environmental-modeling
#8
Steven Gray, Alexey Voinov, Michael Paolisso, Rebecca Jordan, Todd BenDor, Pierre Bommel, Pierre Glynn, Beatrice Hedelin, Klaus Hubacek, Josh Introne, Nagesh Kolagani, Bethany Laursen, Christina Prell, Laura Schmitt-Olabisi, Alison Singer, Eleanor Sterling, Moira Zellner
Including stakeholders in environmental model building and analysis is an increasingly popular approach to understanding ecological change. This is because stakeholders often hold valuable knowledge about socio-environmental dynamics and collaborative forms of modeling produce important boundary objects used to collectively reason about environmental problems. Although the number of participatory modeling (PM) case studies and the number of researchers adopting these approaches has grown in recent years, the lack of standardized reporting and limited reproducibility have prevented PM's establishment and advancement as a cohesive field of study...
September 18, 2017: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921829/vegetation-demographics-in-earth-system-models-a-review-of-progress-and-priorities
#9
Rosie A Fisher, Charles D Koven, William R L Anderegg, Bradley O Christoffersen, Michael C Dietze, Caroline Farrior, Jennifer A Holm, George Hurtt, Ryan G Knox, Peter J Lawrence, Jeremy W Lichststein, Marcos Longo, Ashley M Matheny, David Medvigy, Helene C Muller-Landau, Thomas L Powell, Shawn P Serbin, Hisashi Sato, Jacquelyn Shuman, Benjamin Smith, Anna T Trugman, Toni Viskari, Hans Verbeeck, Ensheng Weng, Chonggang Xu, Xiangtao Xu, Tao Zhang, Paul Moorcroft
Numerous current efforts seek to improve the representation of ecosystem ecology and vegetation demographic processes within Earth System Models (ESMs). These developments are widely viewed as an important step in developing greater realism in predictions of future ecosystem states and fluxes. Increased realism, however, leads to increased model complexity, with new features raising a suite of ecological questions that require empirical constraints. Here, we review the developments that permit the representation of plant demographics in ESMs, and identify issues raised by these developments that highlight important gaps in ecological understanding...
September 18, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919639/using-a-narrative-to-spark-safer-sex-communication
#10
Lennie Donné, John Hoeks, Carel Jansen
OBJECTIVE: College students are a group at risk for contracting sexually transmitted infections (STIs). While they are generally well informed about STIs, they do not consistently use condoms. An important element in preventing STIs is safer sex communication, especially with a sexual partner. This may be difficult, however, because of a lack of experience in talking about safer sex or because of the absence of suitable role models. In this study, a narrative intervention was tested that was developed to provide receivers with a social script for safer sex communication...
October 2017: Health Education Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918630/assessing-the-reliability-of-mfa-results-the-cases-of-rhenium-gallium-and-germanium-in-the-us-economy
#11
Grégoire Meylan, Barbara K Reck, Helmut Rechberger, Thomas E Graedel, Oliver Schwab
Decision-makers traditionally expect "hard facts" from scientific inquiry, an expectation the results of Material Flow Analyses (MFAs) can hardly meet. MFA limitations are attributable to incompleteness of flowcharts, limited data quality, and model assumptions. Moreover, MFA results are mostly less based on empirical observation and rather on social knowledge construction processes. Developing, applying, and improving means for evaluating and communicating reliability of MFA results is imperative. We apply two recently proposed approaches for making quantitative statements on MFA reliability to national minor metals systems: rhenium, gallium, and germanium in the US in 2012...
September 18, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918504/autism-spectrum-disorders-and-disease-modeling-using-stem-cells
#12
REVIEW
Anita Brito, Fabiele Baldino Russo, Alysson Renato Muotri, Patricia Cristina Baleeiro Beltrão-Braga
Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) represent a variety of disorders characterized as complex lifelong neurodevelopment disabilities, which may affect the ability of communication and socialization, including typical comportments like repetitive and stereotyped behavior. Other comorbidities are usually present, such as echolalia, hypotonia, intellectual disability and difficulties in processing figured speech. Furthermore, some ASD individuals may present certain abilities, such as eidetic memory, outstanding musical or painting talents and special mathematical skills, among others...
September 16, 2017: Cell and Tissue Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916761/chronic-interfacing-with-the-autonomic-nervous-system-using-carbon-nanotube-cnt-yarn-electrodes
#13
Grant A McCallum, Xiaohong Sui, Chen Qiu, Joseph Marmerstein, Yang Zheng, Thomas E Eggers, Chuangang Hu, Liming Dai, Dominique M Durand
The ability to reliably and safely communicate chronically with small diameter (100-300 µm) autonomic nerves could have a significant impact in fundamental biomedical research and clinical applications. However, this ability has remained elusive with existing neural interface technologies. Here we show a new chronic nerve interface using highly flexible materials with axon-like dimensions. The interface was implemented with carbon nanotube (CNT) yarn electrodes to chronically record neural activity from two separate autonomic nerves: the glossopharyngeal and vagus nerves...
September 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913345/a-yeast-model-for-the-mechanism-of-the-epstein-barr-virus-immune-evasion-identifies-a-new-therapeutic-target-to-interfere-with-the-virus-stealthiness
#14
COMMENT
María José Lista, Rodrigo Prado Martins, Gaelle Angrand, Alicia Quillévéré, Chrysoula Daskalogianni, Cécile Voisset, Marie-Paule Teulade-Fichou, Robin Fåhraeus, Marc Blondel
The oncogenic Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) evades the immune system but has an Achilles heel: its genome maintenance protein EBNA1. Indeed, EBNA1 is essential for viral genome replication and maintenance but also highly antigenic. Hence, EBV evolved a system in which the glycine-alanine repeat (GAr) of EBNA1 limits the translation of its own mRNA at a minimal level to ensure its essential function thereby, at the same time, minimizing immune recognition. Defining intervention points where to interfere with EBNA1 immune evasion is an important step to trigger an immune response against EBV-carrying cancers...
August 31, 2017: Microbial Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912950/quality-improvement-regarding-handoff
#15
Scott Studeny, Lauren Burley, Kelsey Cowen, Melanie Akers, Kelly O'Neill, Susan L Flesher
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Previous studies have emphasized the importance of effectual communication during patient handoffs. The objectives of this study were to (1) implement a resident-driven quality improvement project to improve handoffs by including key elements that are necessary for a safe and effective handoff. We chose to use the IPASS (illness severity, patient summary, action items, situation awareness and contingency planning, synthesis by receiver) mnemonic as our standardized handoff model; (2) Consider balancing measures in an effort to be aware of any negative effects of our interventions on resident satisfaction with the system...
2017: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905670/a-model-to-facilitate-implementation-of-the-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health-into-prosthetics-and-orthotics
#16
Gustav Jarl, Nerrolyn Ramstrand
BACKGROUND: The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health is a classification of human functioning and disability and is based on a biopsychosocial model of health. As such, International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health seems suitable as a basis for constructing models defining the clinical P&O process. The aim was to use International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health to facilitate development of such a model. Proposed model: A model, the Prosthetic and Orthotic Process (POP) model, is proposed...
September 1, 2017: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895008/spatial-downscaling-of-soil-prediction-models-based-on-weighted-generalized-additive-models-in-smallholder-farm-settings
#17
Yiming Xu, Scot E Smith, Sabine Grunwald, Amr Abd-Elrahman, Suhas P Wani, Vimala D Nair
Digital soil mapping (DSM) is gaining momentum as a technique to help smallholder farmers secure soil security and food security in developing regions. However, communications of the digital soil mapping information between diverse audiences become problematic due to the inconsistent scale of DSM information. Spatial downscaling can make use of accessible soil information at relatively coarse spatial resolution to provide valuable soil information at relatively fine spatial resolution. The objective of this research was to disaggregate the coarse spatial resolution soil exchangeable potassium (Kex) and soil total nitrogen (TN) base map into fine spatial resolution soil downscaled map using weighted generalized additive models (GAMs) in two smallholder villages in South India...
September 11, 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894610/maturation-refinement-and-serotonergic-modulation-of-cerebellar-cortical-circuits-in-normal-development-and-in-murine-models-of-autism
#18
REVIEW
Eriola Hoxha, Pellegrino Lippiello, Bibiana Scelfo, Filippo Tempia, Mirella Ghirardi, Maria Concetta Miniaci
The formation of the complex cerebellar cortical circuits follows different phases, with initial synaptogenesis and subsequent processes of refinement guided by a variety of mechanisms. The regularity of the cellular and synaptic organization of the cerebellar cortex allowed detailed studies of the structural plasticity mechanisms underlying the formation of new synapses and retraction of redundant ones. For the attainment of the monoinnervation of the Purkinje cell by a single climbing fiber, several signals are involved, including electrical activity, contact signals, homosynaptic and heterosynaptic interaction, calcium transients, postsynaptic receptors, and transduction pathways...
2017: Neural Plasticity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893579/the-brain-during-free-movement-what-can-we-learn-from-the-animal-model
#19
F B Händel, M L Schölvinck
Animals, just like humans, can freely move. They do so for various important reasons, such as finding food and escaping predators. Observing these behaviors can inform us about the underlying cognitive processes. In addition, while humans can convey complicated information easily through speaking, animals need to move their bodies to communicate. This has prompted many creative solutions by animal neuroscientists to enable studying the brain during movement. In this review, we first summarize how animal researchers record from the brain while an animal is moving, by describing the most common neural recording techniques in animals and how they were adapted to record during movement...
September 8, 2017: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893071/a-model-of-collaboration-for-the-implementation-of-problem-based-learning-in-nursing-education-in-south-africa
#20
Mahlasela A Rakhudu, Mashudu Davhana-Maselesele, Ushonatefe Useh
BACKGROUND: The idea of collaboration between key stakeholders in nursing education for the implementation of problem-based learning (PBL) may have far-reaching implications for the institutions and students. MAIN OBJECTIVE: To develop a model of collaboration to facilitate the implementation of PBL in nursing education. METHODOLOGY: An exploratory sequential design was used. Qualitative data were collected from purposively recruited nurse educators from three universities in South Africa offering PBL and nurse managers from all the three hospitals in North West Province where PBL students are placed for clinical learning...
August 28, 2017: Curationis
keyword
keyword
71031
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"