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Laparoscopic gastric banding

Vasileios Charalampakis, Abd A Tahrani, Ahmed Helmy, Janesh K Gupta, Rishi Singhal
One of the most effective methods to tackle obesity and its related comorbidities is bariatric surgery. Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and endometrial hyperplasia (EH), which are associated with increased risk of endometrial carcinoma, have been identified as potentially new indications for bariatric surgery. PCOS is the most common endocrine disorder in women in the reproductive age and is associated with several components of the metabolic syndrome such as obesity, insulin resistance and hypertension. EH is a pre-cancerous condition which arises in the presence of chronic exposure to estrogen unopposed by progesterone such as both in PCOS and obesity...
October 17, 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
Andreas Rohner, Jeannette D Widmer, Jennifer Klasen, Anita Scheiwiller, Dominik Muller, Markus K Muller
OBJECTIVE: The outcomes of patients undergoing band removal alone without an additional bariatric procedure after laparoscopic gastric banding are not well reported. We seek to close this gap in the literature. SETTING: Cantonal Hospital & University Teaching Hospital, Switzerland METHODS: In this retrospective study, we investigated 21 patients who underwent band removal with a mean follow-up of 63 months. Weight regain, co-morbidities, and quality of life were assessed...
September 14, 2016: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
Abdelrahman A Nimeri, Ahmed Maasher, Talat Al Shaban, Elnazeer Salim, Maha Ibrahim
BACKGROUND: Conversion of laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) to other operations is commonly done for significant weight recidivism and complications. METHODS: This is a consecutive series of LAGB converted to RYGB done at the Bariatric and Metabolic Institute (BMI) Abu Dhabi from 2009 to 2013 for weight recidivism. Our preferred approach is to convert LAGB to LRYGB in one stage. All patients undergo upper endoscopy (EGD) and upper gastrointestinal series and are started on clears liquids 2 h after surgery without performing UGI studies...
October 12, 2016: Obesity Surgery
Žygimantas Juodeikis, Tomas Abalikšta, Vilma Brimienė, Gintautas Brimas
BACKGROUND: Various types of adjustable gastric bands are used during LAGB, but there is insufficient data comparing different bands in the long term. We carried out a prospective randomized study to compare two different bands. METHODS: Between January 1, 2009 and January 31, 2010, 103 morbidly obese patients were randomized between SAGB and MiniMizer Extra adjustable gastric bands. The SAGB was used in 49 and MiniMizer Extra in 54 patients. Weight loss, comorbidities, long-term complications, and quality of life were evaluated after 5 years...
October 11, 2016: Obesity Surgery
Luc Lemmens
BACKGROUND: While gastric bypass has been the treatment of choice for morbid obesity, insufficient weight loss and even weight regain has been observed in a sub-group of patients. Dilatation of the pouch, pouch outlet, and proximal alimentary limb have been suggested to cause weight regain on the long term. The banded gastric bypass surgery has been introduced to overcome this problem. METHODS: Four hundred thirty-two patients (n = 254, non-banded/n = 178, banded-GaBP Ring™) were followed-up for 5 years...
October 7, 2016: Obesity Surgery
Givan F Paulus, Gerdy Konings, Nicole D Bouvy, L W Ernest van Heurn, Jan Willem Greve
BACKGROUND: Adolescent obesity is rapidly becoming more prevalent and is associated with chronic health conditions and psychosocial morbidity. Lifestyle intervention is often ineffective in morbidly obese adolescents, and bariatric surgery is gradually becoming an accepted treatment. However, little is known about long-term results. METHODS: Hospital charts of patients who had undergone gastric banding more than 5 years ago at an age of 18 years or younger, were retrospectively analyzed...
October 5, 2016: Obesity Facts
Sergio Carandina, Malek Tabbara, Leila Galiay, Claude Polliand, Daniel Azoulay, Christophe Barrat, Andrea Lazzati
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a chronic disease that requires procedures to enable to maintain good long-term results. Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) studies with a long-term follow-up are limited and have often given conflicting results. We report our results in terms of banding life span and weight loss in a cohort of 301 patients operated on LAGB with a minimum follow-up of 10 years. METHODS: All patients who underwent LAGB at our university hospital between 1998 and 2004 were included in this study...
October 3, 2016: Obesity Surgery
Anuprita Patkar, Elliott Fegelman, Sangeeta Kashyap, Stacy Brethauer, Eric Bour, Andrew Yoo, Gang Li
AIMS: To evaluate the real world effect of laparoscopic bariatric surgery-adjustable gastric banding (LAGB), laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB), and laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG)-on the management of obesity-related comorbidities. METHODS: Patients who underwent laparoscopic bariatric surgeries between 2006 and 2013 were identified from the Optum Clinformatics administrative claims database. Those surgical patients were matched to medically-managed patients (controls) on selected patient characteristics...
September 29, 2016: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
Ricardo Zorron, Manoel Passos Galvão-Neto, Josemberg Campos, Alcides José Branco, José Sampaio, Tido Junghans, Claudia Bothe, Christian Benzing, Felix Krenzien
Background: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is a standard therapy in bariatric surgery. Sleeve gastrectomy and gastric banding, although with good results in the literature, are showing higher rates of treatment failure to reduce obesity-associated morbidity and body weight. Other problems after bariatric may occur, as band erosion, gastroesophageal reflux disease and might be refractory to medication. Therefore, a laparoscopic conversion to a RYGB can be an effective alternative, as long as specific indications for revision are fulfilled...
2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
Renata P Colaneri, Fabrício F Coelho, Roberto de Cleva, Paulo Herman
AIM: To propose a laparoscopic treatment for schistosomal portal hypertension. METHODS: Ten patients with schistosomiasis and portal hypertension, with previous gastrointestinal hemorrhage from esophageal varices rupture, were evaluated. Patients were subjected to a laparoscopic procedure, with ligature of splenic artery and left gastric vein. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy was performed on the 30th postoperative day, when esophageal varices diameter was measured and band ligature performed...
September 22, 2016: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
Baptiste Brac, Lionel Rebibo, Jean-Philippe Lemouel, Jean-Marc Regimbeau
INTRODUCTION: Gastric band slippage with formation of a gastric pouch is a frequent complication after gastric banding. There is no consensus on the treatment of this condition, which differs within and between centers. Here, we describe our treatment of a large gastric pouch after gastric band slippage. Despite removal of the band, the pouch caused oral feeding intolerance. METHODS: The video shows our treatment of large gastric pouch following gastric banding and surgical revision...
September 20, 2016: Obesity Surgery
Arif Ahmad, Jason Jorge Arellano, Ashish Agarwala, Zoe Ahmad, Zoha Ahmad
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic bariatric surgery requires retraction of the left lobe of the liver to provide adequate exposure of the hiatus and the stomach. Currently used approaches utilize retractors that require additional incisions and prolong operative time. OBJECTIVES: A retrospective evaluation of the efficacy and safety of a percutaneous liver retractor in a large series of patients undergoing laparoscopic bariatric surgery. SETTING: Private practice, United States...
August 18, 2016: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
Itay Wiser, Eliezer Avinoah, Oren Ziv, Adam J Parnass, Roni Averbuch Sagie, Lior Heller, Tali Friedman
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) surgery is the safest yet least effective method for massive weight loss. Thirty to 50 percent of patients undergoing LAGB will regain part of their lost weight. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of body contouring plastic surgery (BCPS) following LAGB on long-term body mass index (BMI) control. SETTING: Department of Surgery A, Soroka University Medical Center, Beer-Sheva, Israel...
September 7, 2016: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
T Horbach, G Meyer, S Morales-Conde, I Alarcón, F Favretti, M Anselmino, G M Rovera, J Dargent, C Stroh, M Susewind, A J Torres
OBJECTIVE: To compare the weight loss, change in quality of life (QOL) and safety of closed-loop gastric electrical stimulation (CLGES) versus adjustable gastric band (LAGB) in the treatment of obesity. METHODS: This multicenter, randomized, non-inferiority trial randomly assigned the patients in a 2:1 ratio to laparoscopic CLGES versus LAGB and followed them for 1 year. We enrolled 210 patients, of whom 50 were withdrawn preoperatively. Among 160 remaining patients (mean age=39±11 years; 75% women; mean body mass index=43±6 kg m(-)(2)) 106 received CLGES and 54 received LAGB...
October 11, 2016: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
Hidenori Haruta, Kazunori Kasama, Masayuki Ohta, Akira Sasaki, Hiroshi Yamamoto, Yasuhiro Miyazaki, Takashi Oshiro, Takeshi Naitoh, Yoshinori Hosoya, Takeshi Togawa, Yosuke Seki, Alan Kawarai Lefor, Toru Tani
BACKGROUND: The number of bariatric procedures performed in Japan is increasing. There are isolated reports of bariatric surgery, but there have been no nationwide surveys including long-term data. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed data for patients who underwent bariatric and metabolic surgery throughout Japan and reviewed outcomes. Surveys were sent to ten institutions for number of procedures, preoperative patient weight and preoperative obesity-related comorbidities, and data at 1, 3, and 5 years postoperatively...
September 8, 2016: Obesity Surgery
Karl J Neff, Gregory Baud, Violeta Raverdy, Robert Caiazzo, Helene Verkindt, François Pattou, Carel W le Roux, Christian Noel
PURPOSE: This study examines the effect of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) on renal function for at least 5 years post-operatively in a tertiary referral center for bariatric surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective cohort study of patients undergoing RYGB and LAGB measured renal function, blood pressure, and diabetes status pre-operatively and then 1 and 5 years post-operatively. Renal function was assessed using the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD), Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI), and Cockcroft-Gault formulae...
September 14, 2016: Obesity Surgery
Françoise Schmitt, Philippe Topart, Agnès Salle, Loïc Sentilhes, Natacha Bouhours-Nouet, Régis Coutant, Dominique Weil, Guillaume Podevin
We report here a case of a rarely described complication of laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB), slippage during the postpartum period, after LAGB had been performed in an adolescent obese girl. The LAGB had been placed after one year of clinical survey initiated at the age of 16. Maximal pre-operative body mass index (BMI) was 48.5 kg.m(-2) and obesity was associated with insulin resistance. Before pregnancy, there was a loss of 17 Kg (final BMI = 41.5 kg.m(-2)) and a resolution of insulin resistance...
2016: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
Trit Garg, Ulysses Rosas, Daniel Rogan, Harrison Hines, Homero Rivas, John M Morton, Dan Azagury
INTRODUCTION: Readmissions are an important quality metric for surgery. Here, we compare characteristics of readmissions across laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB), sleeve gastrectomy (LSG), and adjustable gastric band (LAGB). METHODS: Demographic, intraoperative, anthropometric, and laboratory data were prospectively obtained for 1775 patients at a single academic institution. All instances of readmissions within 1 year were recorded. Data were analyzed using STATA, release 12...
September 9, 2016: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
Elie P Ramly, Bassem Y Safadi, Hanaa Dakour Aridi, Rami Kantar, Aurelie Mailhac, Ramzi S Alami
BACKGROUND: Conversion of laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LGB) to laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) is an established procedure. However, multiple reports have indicated higher morbidity and mortality rates associated with this operation, especially when performed as a single-staged procedure. PURPOSE: We sought to compare mortality and morbidity of LRYGB vs. LRYGB with concomitant gastric band removal (LRYGB/LGBR). METHODS: Data from the American College of Surgeons' National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS-NSQIP) database was obtained for the time period of 2008 to 2014 using CPT codes for LRYGB and LGBR...
September 3, 2016: Obesity Surgery
Amalia Gastaldelli, Amerigo Iaconelli, Melania Gaggini, Maria Chiara Magnone, Augusto Veneziani, Francesco Rubino, Geltrude Mingrone
OBJECTIVE: Bariatric surgery has been shown to have important long-term metabolic effects resulting in enhanced insulin sensitivity and improved glucose tolerance in patients with type 2 diabetes. The contribution of reduced caloric intake to these beneficial effects of surgery remains unclear. The aim of this study was to compare the short-term effects (1 week) of bariatric surgical procedures with a very low caloric intake (VLCI) on insulin sensitivity (IS) and insulin secretion (ISR) in nondiabetic obese subjects...
August 29, 2016: Diabetes Care
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