keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Positive psychology

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544860/behavioral-processes-in-long-lag-intervention-studies
#1
Dale T Miller, Jennifer E Dannals, Julian J Zlatev
We argue that psychologists who conduct experiments with long lags between the manipulation and the outcome measure should pay more attention to behavioral processes that intervene between the manipulation and the outcome measure. Neglect of such processes, we contend, stems from psychology's long tradition of short-lag lab experiments where there is little scope for intervening behavioral processes. Studying process in the lab invariably involves studying psychological processes, but in long-lag field experiments it is important to study causally relevant behavioral processes as well as psychological ones...
May 2017: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543884/psychological-factors-related-to-donation-behaviour-among-chinese-adults-results-from-a-longitudinal-investigation
#2
H Hu, T Wang, Q Fu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Little is known about the psychological factors currently influencing blood donation in China. This study investigated the structure of psychological factors and their correlation with donation behaviour of adults in a transforming city in China over a 6-month period. METHODS: Participants were recruited in Nanjing from May 2013 to April 2014. Preliminary focus group interviews with 102 participants were conducted to generate new items for a Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB) questionnaire...
May 22, 2017: Transfusion Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543793/positive-emotions-in-caring-for-a-spouse-a-literature-review
#3
REVIEW
Tiina Autio, Sari Rissanen
This article aimed at identifying the positive emotions connected to spouse caregiving and the advantages for spouse carers. Theoretically, the article is based on the concept of emotion and the assumptions of positive psychology. Data search is conducted via electronic literature databases and the analysis method is partly theory-driven and partly inductive content classification. Our analyses discover and clarify the concepts associated with positive emotions in caring, such as the gains of caregiving, benefit-finding, finding meaning, personal growth, post-traumatic growth and resilience...
May 24, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543619/the-company-you-keep-is-socialising-with-higher-status-people-bad-for-mental-health
#4
Min-Ah Lee, Ichiro Kawachi
Socialising with higher-status individuals can be hypothesised to exert opposing influences on the mental health of the ego. On the one hand, socialising with higher-status alters might enable individuals to access valuable resources. On the other hand, status-discrepant friendships could be detrimental to mental health by engendering feelings of unfairness. We sought to examine the impact of status-discrepant social relationships on depressive symptoms in the 2012 Korean General Social Survey (KGSS), a nationally representative sample...
May 24, 2017: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543095/psychological-mechanisms-and-the-ups-and-downs-of-personal-recovery-in-bipolar-disorder
#5
Alyson L Dodd, Barbara Mezes, Fiona Lobban, Steven H Jones
BACKGROUND: Personal recovery is recognized as an important outcome for individuals with bipolar disorder (BD) and is distinct from symptomatic and functional recovery. Recovery-focused psychological therapies show promise. As with therapies aiming to delay relapse and improve symptoms, research on the psychological mechanisms underlying recovery is crucial to inform effective recovery-focused therapy. However, empirical work is limited. This study investigated whether negative beliefs about mood swings and self-referent appraisals of mood-related experiences were negatively associated with personal recovery...
May 22, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542529/associations-between-quality-of-life-physical-activity-worry-depression-and-insomnia-a-cross-sectional-designed-study-in-healthy-pregnant-women
#6
Danielle Mourady, Sami Richa, Rita Karam, Tatiana Papazian, Fabienne Hajj Moussa, Nada El Osta, Assaad Kesrouani, Joseph Azouri, Hicham Jabbour, Aline Hajj, Lydia Rabbaa Khabbaz
Health-related quality of life (QOL) is reported to be reduced during pregnancy. Associations between QOL, physical activity (PA), insomnia, depression and worry are insufficiently investigated among pregnant women. The aim of this study was to evaluate QOL and PA patterns among healthy pregnant women, and to examine how QOL might correlate to PA, sleep, worry and depression. This is an observational cross-sectional study, conducted among a convenient sample of 141 healthy pregnant women using five questionnaires: WHOQOL-brief (WHO quality of life questionnaire, brief version, ISI (Insomnia Severity Index), PSWQ (Penn State Worry Questionnaire), ZSRDS (Zung Self-Rating Depression Scale), and Pregnancy Physical Activity Questionnaire (PPAQ)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541762/chronic-stress-exposure-and-generation-are-related-to-the-p-factor-and-externalizing-specific-psychopathology-in-youth
#7
Hannah R Snyder, Jami F Young, Benjamin L Hankin
Psychopathology is posited to be transdiagnostically linked to chronic stress. Yet efforts to understand the specificity and directionality of these links have been sparse, and the ubiquitous comorbidity of psychopathology has made the seemingly nonspecific links between psychological disorders and chronic stress difficult to interpret. The current study used a latent dimensional bifactor model of psychopathology to account for comorbidity and a multiwave prospective design to disentangle temporal associations between psychopathology and chronic stress longitudinally during the critical adolescent period for psychopathology risk and stress reactivity...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541238/attitudes-of-psychology-students-to-depression-and-its-treatment-implications-for-clinical-practice
#8
M Economou, L E Peppou, K Geroulanou, K Kontoangelos, A Prokopi, A Pantazi, A Zervakaki, C N Stefanis
Stigma and mental health literacy affect access to and quality of treatment of major depression. Though mental health professionals seem better able to recognize major depression than the general public, they often hold similarly stigmatizing attitudes towards people suffering from the disorder. These attitudes are shaped jointly by the public stigma attached to mental illnesses as well as by the content and delivery of mental health professionals' undergraduate training. In line with this, the present study aimed to explore psychology students' ability to recognize major depression, their attitudes towards the disorder, and their views surrounding helpfulness of various interventions...
January 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541085/distinct-trajectories-of-positive-and-negative-affect-after-colorectal-cancer-diagnosis
#9
Yvette Ciere, Moniek Janse, Josué Almansa, Annemieke Visser, Robbert Sanderman, Mirjam A G Sprangers, Adelita V Ranchor, Joke Fleer
OBJECTIVE: Insight into trajectories of positive affect (PA) and negative affect (NA) across the cancer continuum may improve understanding of the nature of adjustment problems. The primary aim of this study was to identify subgroups of patients with distinct trajectories of PA and NA following diagnosis of colorectal cancer (CRC). Secondary to this aim, the co-occurrence between trajectories and their association with goal-related processes was explored. METHOD: CRC patients (n = 186) completed questionnaires within 1 month, 7 months, and 18 months after diagnosis...
June 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541074/purpose-in-life-in-als-patient-caregiver-dyads-a-multilevel-longitudinal-analysis
#10
Natasha E Garcia, Jennifer N Morey, Edward J Kasarskis, Suzanne C Segerstrom
OBJECTIVE: Eudaemonic positive psychological health (PPH), such as purpose in life (PIL), may be maintained more than hedonic PPH, such as quality of life (QOL), for patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and their caregivers across the disease course. Furthermore, patients' and caregivers' PPH may impact one another. The present study examined (a) PIL and QOL variance structures; (b) PIL and QOL trajectories from diagnosis, approaching death, with disease severity; and (c) between-dyad and within-dyad relationships for PIL and QOL in patients with ALS and their caregivers...
May 25, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540996/factors-associated-with-emotional-distress-in-children-and-adolescents-during-early-treatment-for-cancer
#11
In Jung Sohn, Jung Woo Han, Seung Min Hahn, Dong Ho Song, Chuhl Joo Lyu, Keun Ah Cheon
PURPOSE: Children and adolescents diagnosed with cancer experience emotional distress, such as sadness, worrying, and irritability. However, there is little information about the psychological well-being of parents at the time of their child's diagnosis. We sought to identify factors that were associated with emotional distress in cancer patients as a basis for developing innovative psychological interventions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed on patients newly diagnosed with cancer at a single center in Korea from 2014 to 2016...
July 2017: Yonsei Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540522/the-role-of-ego-resiliency-as-mediator-of-the-longitudinal-relationship-between-family-socio-economic-status-and-school-grades
#12
Guido Alessandri, Antonio Zuffianò, Nancy Eisenberg, Concetta Pastorelli
Family socio-economic status (SES) represents one of the major determinants of youth's scholastic achievement, and thus it is important to unravel the psychological factors underlining this relation. In this article, we examined youth's ability to flexibly adapt and, thus, cope with harsh environmental conditions-assessed by the construct of ego-resiliency-as a mediating mechanism in the across-time association between family SES and academic achievement. The longitudinal sample was composed of 265 (56% females) Italian students who were about 13 years old at Time 1 (T1) and about 18 years old at Time 2 (T2)...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539958/cognitive-impairment-and-psychological-distress-at-discharge-from-intensive-care-unit
#13
Chi Ryang Chung, Hye Jin Yoo, Jinkyeong Park, Seunghyong Ryu
This study aimed to investigate cognitive impairment and psychological distress of critically ill patients at discharge from intensive care unit (ICU). This study included 30 critically ill patients who had neither pre-existing dementia nor ongoing delirium. At ICU discharge, they performed a screening test for cognitive impairment (Mini-Cog test) and completed questionnaires for depression (Patient Health Questionnaire-2, PHQ-2) and for 4 stressful experiences during ICU stay including nightmares, severe anxiety or panic, severe pain, and trouble to breathe or feeling of suffocation (Post-Traumatic Stress Syndrome 14-Question Inventory, PTSS-14 Part A)...
May 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539910/the-role-of-emotional-landmarks-on-topographical-memory
#14
Massimiliano Palmiero, Laura Piccardi
The investigation of the role of emotional landmarks on human navigation has been almost totally neglected in psychological research. Therefore, the extent to which positive and negative emotional landmarks affect topographical memory as compared to neutral emotional landmark was explored. Positive, negative and neutral affect-laden images were selected as landmarks from the International Affective Picture System (IAPS) Inventory. The Walking Corsi test (WalCT) was used in order to test the landmark-based topographical memory...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539904/the-neural-systems-of-forgiveness-an-evolutionary-psychological-perspective
#15
REVIEW
Joseph Billingsley, Elizabeth A R Losin
Evolution-minded researchers posit that the suite of human cognitive adaptations may include forgiveness systems. According to these researchers, forgiveness systems regulate interpersonal motivation toward a transgressor in the wake of harm by weighing multiple factors that influence both the potential gains of future interaction with the transgressor and the likelihood of future harm. Although behavioral research generally supports this evolutionary model of forgiveness, the model's claims have not been examined with available neuroscience specifically in mind, nor has recent neuroscientific research on forgiveness generally considered the evolutionary literature...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539379/the-effect-of-nutrition-training-for-health-care-staff-on-learner-and-patient-outcomes-in-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Owen Marples, Christine Baldwin, C Elizabeth Weekes
Background: Nutrition training for health care staff has been prioritized internationally as a key means of tackling malnutrition; however, there is a lack of clear evidence to support its implementation. Systematic reviews in other fields of training for health care staff indicate that training strategies may have a beneficial impact on learner and patient outcomes.Objectives: We assessed whether nutrition training for health care staff caring for nutritionally vulnerable adults resulted in improved learner and patient outcomes and evaluated the effectiveness of different training strategies...
May 24, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539304/emindlog-self-measurement-of-anxiety-and-depression-using-mobile-technology
#17
Thomas M Penders, Karl L Wuensch, Philip T Ninan
BACKGROUND: Quantifying anxiety and depressive experiences permits individuals to calibrate where they are and monitor intervention-associated changes. eMindLog is a novel self-report measure for anxiety and depression that is grounded in psychology with an organizing structure based on neuroscience. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to explore the psychometric properties of eMindLog in a nonclinical sample of subjects. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study of eMindLog, a convenience sample of 198 adults provided informed consent and completed eMindLog and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) as a reference...
May 24, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537769/the-ksr2-rs7973260-polymorphism-is-associated-with-metabolic-phenotypes-but-not-psychological-phenotypes-in-chinese-elders
#18
Yong Wang, Teng Ma, Yin-Sheng Zhu, Xue-Feng Chu, Shun Yao, Hong-Fei Wang, Jian Cai, Xiao-Feng Wang, Xiao-Yan Jiang
OBJECTIVE: To examine the associations between genetic variants KSR2 (kinase suppressor of RAS)-rs7973260, RAPGEF6 (guanine nucleotide exchange factor 6)-rs3756290, LOC105377703-rs4481363, and subjective well-being (SWB) and depressive symptoms (DSs) in Chinese elders, which were recently associated in a genome-wide association study conducted in Caucasians. The pleiotropic effects of KSR2-rs7973260 on metabolic phenotypes were also explored. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used data of 1788 older individuals aged 70-84 years from the aging arm of the Rugao Longevity and Aging Study, a population-based cohort study conducted in the Jiangsu province of China...
May 24, 2017: Genetic Testing and Molecular Biomarkers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537462/symptom-prevalence-and-the-negative-emotional-states-in-end-stage-renal-disease-patients-with-or-without-renal-replacement-therapy-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#19
Wan Zul Haikal Wan Zukiman, Hayati Yaakup, Nor Fadhlina Zakaria, Shamsul Azhar Bin Shah
BACKGROUND: Limited comparative data are available on the symptom severity and burden of dialyzed versus nondialyzed end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients and their association with negative emotional states. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of symptom burden and severity of ESRD patients and correlate the findings with their psychological status. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of dialyzed (N = 87) and nondialyzed (N = 100) patients...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536541/revisiting-the-link-between-job-satisfaction-and-life-satisfaction-the-role-of-basic-psychological-needs
#20
Wenceslao Unanue, Marcos E Gómez, Diego Cortez, Juan C Oyanedel, Andrés Mendiburo-Seguel
The link between job satisfaction and life satisfaction has been extensively explored in the relevant literature. However, the great majority of past research has been carried out using cross-sectional analyses, and almost exclusively in the Western world. Moreover, the underlying psychological mechanisms explaining the link are not yet completely understood. Thus, we report the first research to date which uses both cross-sectional and longitudinal data among workers in Chile-a fast-developing Latin American economy-and which aims to tackle previous limitations...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
keyword
keyword
7103
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"