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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931102/-areas-and-challenges-of-oncopsychological-rehabilitation
#1
Péter Kovács, Zsuzsa Koncz, Julianna Peti, Anna Gõdény, Dóra Horváth, Csilla Gerlinger, Katalin Lacsán, Petra Molnár, Ágnes Riskó
Patients with cancer present a number of different difficulties that adversely affect their health care and recovery (e.g. poor communication with physicians, lack of knowledge about their illness and its management, financial problems). Furthermore, mental health problems, such as distress, depression and anxiety, are common amongst patients with cancer. These mental health problems are additional contributors to functional impairment in carrying out family, work, and other social roles, poor adherence to medical treatments, and adverse medical outcomes...
September 20, 2017: Magyar Onkologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929487/school-connectedness-and-the-primary-to-secondary-school-transition-for-young-people-with-autism-spectrum-conditions
#2
Judith S Hebron
BACKGROUND: Young people with autism spectrum conditions (ASC) face many educational challenges, particularly in terms of academic achievement, social inclusion, and mental health. School connectedness is linked to many positive outcomes and may be of particular salience at the primary-secondary school transition, when young people with ASC are expected to cope in new and unfamiliar settings. AIMS: This study explores for the first time school connectedness across the primary to secondary school transition for young people with ASC...
September 20, 2017: British Journal of Educational Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929303/the-facial-width-to-height-ratio-predicts-sex-drive-sociosexuality-and-intended-infidelity
#3
Steven Arnocky, Justin M Carré, Brian M Bird, Benjamin J P Moreau, Tracy Vaillancourt, Triana Ortiz, Nicole Marley
Previous research has linked the facial width-to-height ratio (FWHR) to a host of psychological and behavioral characteristics, primarily in men. In two studies, we examined novel links between FWHR and sex drive. In Study 1, a sample of 145 undergraduate students revealed that FWHR positively predicted sex drive. There were no significant FWHR × sex interactions, suggesting that FWHR is linked to sexuality among both men and women. Study 2 replicated and extended these findings in a sample of 314 students collected from a different Canadian city, which again demonstrated links between the FWHR and sex drive (also in both men and women), as well as sociosexuality and intended infidelity (men only)...
September 19, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928938/the-elixir-excelerate-train-the-trainer-pilot-programme-empower-researchers-to-deliver-high-quality-training
#4
Sarah L Morgan, Patricia M Palagi, Pedro L Fernandes, Eija Koperlainen, Jure Dimec, Diana Marek, Lee Larcombe, Gabriella Rustici, Teresa K Attwood, Allegra Via
One of the main goals of the ELIXIR-EXCELERATE project from the European Union's Horizon 2020 programme is to support a pan-European training programme to increase bioinformatics capacity and competency across ELIXIR Nodes. To this end, a Train-the-Trainer (TtT) programme has been developed by the TtT subtask of EXCELERATE's Training Platform, to try to expose bioinformatics instructors to aspects of pedagogy and evidence-based learning principles, to help them better design, develop and deliver high-quality training in future...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928109/components-and-outcomes-of-internet-based-interventions-for-caregivers-of-older-adults-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Cassioppée Guay, Claudine Auger, Louise Demers, W Ben Mortenson, William C Miller, Dominique Gélinas-Bronsard, Sara Ahmed
BACKGROUND: When trying to access interventions to improve their well-being and quality of life, family caregivers face many challenges. Internet-based interventions provide new and accessible opportunities to remotely support them and can contribute to reducing their burden. However, little is known about the link existing between the components, the use of behavior change techniques, and the outcomes of these Internet-based interventions. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to provide an update on the best available evidence about the efficacy of Internet-based interventions for caregivers of older adults...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928097/tooth-colour-and-whiteness-a-review
#6
Andrew Joiner, Wen Luo
OBJECTIVES: To review current knowledge concerning the application of colour science on tooth colour and whiteness description, measurement, distribution and its psychological impact. DATA SOURCES: "Scopus" databases were searched electronically with the principal keywords tooth, teeth, colour, white, whiteness. Language was restricted to English and original studies and reviews were included. Conference papers and abstracts were excluded. CONCLUSIONS: The appearance and colour of teeth is a common concern for patients across many populations and is associated with an increased desire for treatments that improve dental aesthetics, including tooth whitening...
September 16, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927320/stress-and-cortisol-responses-in-men-differences-according-to-facial-symmetry
#7
Javier I Borráz-León, Ana Lilia Cerda-Molina, Lilian Mayagoitia-Novales
Stress response is associated with increased activity in the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical axis. Chronic stress-induced elevation in cortisol may alter its own negative regulation with multiple long-term consequences for physical and psychological health. One of the most reliable physical traits associated with mental, apparent physical health, and competitiveness is the degree of facial fluctuating asymmetry. However, to our knowledge there are no studies regarding the relationship between cortisol levels, facial symmetry and male competitiveness, and how cortisol changes after a stressful test depending on these traits...
September 19, 2017: Stress: the International Journal on the Biology of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926306/efficacy-of-art-therapy-in-individuals-with-personality-disorders-cluster-b-c-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Suzanne Haeyen, Susan van Hooren, William van der Veld, Giel Hutschemaekers
Multidisciplinary treatment programs for patients with personality disorders (PDs) often include art therapy, but the efficacy of this intervention has hardly been evaluated. The objective of this study is to evaluate the effects of an art therapy intervention on psychological functioning of patients with a PD. In this randomized controlled trial, 57 adult participants diagnosed with a PD cluster B/C (SCID-II) were randomly assigned to either weekly group art therapy (1.5 hours, 10 weeks) or a waiting list group...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926152/the-patients-perspective-of-sustaining-a-fall-in-hospital-a-qualitative-study
#9
Stephanie Gettens, Paul Fulbrook, Melanie Jessup, Nancy Low Choy
AIM: To understand the patient's perspective of falling in hospital. BACKGROUND: A fall in hospital can affect a patient physically and psychologically, increasing their hospital length of stay and potentially putting them at risk of further complications. Despite a wealth of literature on falls that focuses on risk assessment, preventive interventions and cost, very little research has focused on the experience of the patient that has fallen, particularly within the acute hospital setting...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924946/listeners-are-maximally-flexible-in-updating-phonetic-beliefs-over-time
#10
David Saltzman, Emily Myers
Perceptual learning serves as a mechanism for listenexrs to adapt to novel phonetic information. Distributional tracking theories posit that this adaptation occurs as a result of listeners accumulating talker-specific distributional information about the phonetic category in question (Kleinschmidt & Jaeger, 2015, Psychological Review, 122). What is not known is how listeners build these talker-specific distributions; that is, if they aggregate all information received over a certain time period, or if they rely more heavily upon the most recent information received and down-weight older, consolidated information...
September 18, 2017: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923751/effects-of-mindfulness-training-on-emotional-and-physiologic-recovery-from-induced-negative-affect
#11
Alexandra D Crosswell, Patricia I Moreno, Elizabeth B Raposa, Sarosh J Motivala, Annette L Stanton, Patricia A Ganz, Julienne E Bower
OBJECTIVE: Mindfulness training has been shown to improve psychological well-being and physical health. One proposed pathway for the positive effects of mindfulness training is through the development of new emotion regulation strategies, such as the ability to experience emotions by observing and accepting them without judgment. Theoretically, this should facilitate recovery from negative emotional states; however, this has rarely been examined empirically. The goal of the current study was to determine whether mindfulness training is associated with more efficient emotional and cardiovascular recovery from induced negative affect...
August 4, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923458/does-self-consciousness-of-appearance-influence-postoperative-satisfaction-in-rhinoplasty
#12
J M Herruer, J B Prins, N van Heerbeek, G W J A Verhage-Damen, K J A O Ingels
BACKGROUND: Facial plastic surgeons and patients benefit from knowledge about how psychological aspects can influence the outcome of cosmetic surgery. The influence of preoperative self-consciousness of appearance and its effect on benefit after surgery in rhinoplasty patients has not been explored before in other studies. METHOD: A prospective study was conducted on patients undergoing (septo)rhinoplasty for a combination of cosmetic and functional problems. Before the operation subjects were asked to complete two questionnaires, the Derriford Appearance Scale (DAS59) to measure distress associated with self-consciousness of appearance and the Rhinoplasty Outcome Evaluation (ROE) to measure satisfaction with their nose...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923435/ptsd-burnout-and-well-being-among-rescue-workers-seeking-to-understand-the-impact-of-the-european-refugee-crisis-on-rescuers
#13
Vasiliki-Eirini Chatzea, Dimitra Sifaki-Pistolla, Sofia-Aikaterini Vlachaki, Evangelos Melidoniotis, Georgia Pistolla
Individuals who perform rescue and recovery duties, as part of their daily work activities, confront diverse stressors that can affect their mental state and overall well-being. The study aimed to assess the prevalence and the factors associated with self-assessed PTSD, perceived well-being and burnout among rescue workers operating at Lesvos during the European refugees crisis. 217 rescuers participated in the study, while the PTSD Checklist-Civilian Version (PCL-C), the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) and the Well-being Index (WHO-5) were utilized...
September 12, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923405/positive-mood-on-the-day-of-influenza-vaccination-predicts-vaccine-effectiveness-a-prospective-observational-cohort-study
#14
Kieran Ayling, Lucy Fairclough, Paddy Tighe, Ian Todd, Vanessa Halliday, Jon Garibaldi, Simon Royal, Aljali Hamed, Heather Buchanan, Kavita Vedhara
Influenza vaccination is estimated to only be effective in 17-53% of older adults. Multiple patient behaviors and psychological factors have been shown to act as 'immune modulators' sufficient to influence vaccination outcomes. However, the relative importance of such factors is unknown as they have typically been examined in isolation. The objective of the present study was to explore the effects of multiple behavioral (physical activity, nutrition, sleep) and psychological influences (stress, positive mood, negative mood) on the effectiveness of the immune response to influenza vaccination in the elderly...
September 15, 2017: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923159/the-extended-trust-hypothesis-single-attractor-self-contagion-in-day-to-day-changes-in-implicit-positive-affect-predicts-action-oriented-coping-and-psychological-symptoms
#15
Julius Kuhl, Olga Mitina, Sander L Koole
According to the extended trust hypothesis, the ability to cope with negative experiences is grounded in intuitive positive feelings about one's existence (Kuhl, Quirin, & Koole, 2015). In the present study, the authors empirically tested this hypothesis by examining the nonlinear dynamics in a series of day-to-day autoregressive functions of affective states taken from a 30-day daily mood diary study among 40 participants. A parameter (?) related to the asymptotic level of day-to-day changes in implicit positive mood predicted action orientation, a personality variable that relates to coping with negative affect, and psychological symptoms...
October 2017: Nonlinear Dynamics, Psychology, and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923031/positive-mental-health-literacy-development-and-validation-of-a-measure-among-norwegian-adolescents
#16
Hanne Nissen Bjørnsen, Mary Elizabeth Bradley Eilertsen, Regine Ringdal, Geir Arild Espnes, Unni Karin Moksnes
BACKGROUND: Mental health literacy (MHL), or the knowledge and abilities necessary to benefit mental health, is a significant determinant of mental health and has the potential to benefit both individual and public mental health. MHL and its measures have traditionally focused on knowledge and beliefs about mental -ill-health rather than on mental health. No measures of MHL addressing knowledge of good or positive mental health have been identified. AIM: This study aimed to develop and validate an instrument measuring adolescents' knowledge of how to obtain and maintain good mental health and to evaluate the psychometric properties of the instrument...
September 18, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922736/reduced-white-matter-integrity-in-borderline-personality-disorder-a-diffusion-tensor-imaging-study
#17
Taiga Ninomiya, Harumi Oshita, Yoshihisa Kawano, Chiharu Goto, Mai Matsuhashi, Koji Masuda, Fuku Takita, Toshihiko Izumi, Ayako Inoue, Haruka Higuma, Masayuki Kanehisa, Jotaro Akiyoshi
BACKGROUND: Borderline personality disorder (BPD) has a pervasive pattern of instability in interpersonal relationships, self-image, and emotions. BPD may be linked to an abnormal brain anatomy, but little is known about possible impairments of the white matter microstructure in BPD or their relationship with impulsivity or risky behaviors. The aims of the present study were to explore the relationship between BPD and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) parameters and psychological tests. METHODS: We evaluated 35 un-medicated BPD patients in a medication-free state and 50 healthy controls (HCs)...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922422/psychological-effects-of-the-intensified-follow-up-of-the-ceawatch-trial-after-treatment-for-colorectal-cancer
#18
Zhuozhao Zhan, Charlotte J Verberne, Edwin R van den Heuvel, Irene Grossmann, Adelita V Ranchor, Theo Wiggers, Geertruida H de Bock
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to evaluate psychological effects of the state-of-art intensified follow-up protocol for colorectal cancer patients in the CEAwatch trial. METHOD: At two time points during the CEAwatch trial questionnaires regarding patients' attitude towards follow-up, patients' psychological functioning and patients' experiences and expectations were sent to participants by post. Linear mixed models were fitted to assess the influences and secular trends of the intensified follow-up on patients' attitude towards follow-up and psychological functioning...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922010/detecting-memory-performance-validity-with-detects-a-computerized-performance-validity-test
#19
Rui Paulo, Pedro B Albuquerque
Evaluating performance validity is essential in neuropsychological and forensic assessments. Nonetheless, most psychological assessment tests are unable to detect performance validity and other methods must be used for this purpose. A new Performance Validity Test (DETECTS - Memory Performance Validity Test) was developed with several characteristics that enhance test utility. Moreover, precise response time measurement was added to DETECTS. Two groups of participants (normative and simulator group) completed DETECTS and three memory tests from the Wechsler Memory Scale III...
September 18, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921391/effects-of-web-based-interventions-on-cancer-patients-symptoms-review-of-randomized-trials
#20
REVIEW
N Fridriksdottir, S Gunnarsdottir, S Zoëga, B Ingadottir, E J G Hafsteinsdottir
PURPOSE: Symptom management is of high priority in cancer care. Information and communication technology allows interventions to be provided through the internet to enhance the delivery of care. This study aimed to review the effects of web-based interventions on cancer patients' symptoms. METHODS: MEDLINE, PSychINFO, PubMed, CINAHL, and Cochrane databases were systematically searched. Included were randomized controlled trials (RCTs), pilot RCTs, or quasi-experimental (QE) studies focusing on web-based interventions in adult cancer patients with at least one outcome primary or secondary, in terms of symptoms, treatment side effects, or distress...
September 18, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
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