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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231303/greeklex-2-a-comprehensive-lexical-database-with-part-of-speech-syllabic-phonological-and-stress-information
#1
Antonios Kyparissiadis, Walter J B van Heuven, Nicola J Pitchford, Timothy Ledgeway
Databases containing lexical properties on any given orthography are crucial for psycholinguistic research. In the last ten years, a number of lexical databases have been developed for Greek. However, these lack important part-of-speech information. Furthermore, the need for alternative procedures for calculating syllabic measurements and stress information, as well as combination of several metrics to investigate linguistic properties of the Greek language are highlighted. To address these issues, we present a new extensive lexical database of Modern Greek (GreekLex 2) with part-of-speech information for each word and accurate syllabification and orthographic information predictive of stress, as well as several measurements of word similarity and phonetic information...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230427/supporting-the-psychological-needs-of-teenagers-and-young-adults-during-cancer-treatment-a-literature-review
#2
Natasha Hughes, Julia Williams, Carole Shaw
BACKGROUND: The developmental period of the teenage years and young adulthood can be a challenging time for most. Experiencing a diagnosis of cancer during this time inevitably presents further challenges and concerns. Identifying such issues can help to provide better ways of understanding the patients' experience and their needs, offering nurses insight to enhance care and support for teenagers and young adults (TYAs) undergoing cancer treatments. AIM: To explore the literature regarding the psychological issues faced by TYAs during cancer treatment to inform nursing practice...
February 23, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230420/age-related-effects-on-memory-for-social-stimuli-the-role-of-valence-arousal-and-emotional-responses
#3
Thomas M Hess, Lauren E Popham, Claire M Growney
: Background/Study Context: Previous research (Hess et al., 2013, Psychology and Aging, 28, 853-863) suggested that age-based positivity effects in memory were attenuated with social stimuli. This research examined the degree to which this generalized across arousal levels associated with social images. Variations in approach and avoidance responses to individual images were also examined, along with age differences in their relationship to memory performance. METHODS: In Experiment 1, young (22-43 years) and older (65-85 years) adults recalled positive and negative social scenes that were high or low in arousal...
March 2017: Experimental Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230311/prevalence-of-and-factors-associated-with-unprotected-anal-intercourse-with-regular-and-nonregular-male-sexual-partners-among-newly-diagnosed-hiv-positive-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-china
#4
Z Wang, X Wu, Jtf Lau, Pkh Mo, Wws Mak, X Wang, X Yang, D Gross, H Jiang
OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the prevalence of, and multi-dimensional factors associated with, unprotected anal intercourse (UAI) with regular male sexual partners ('regular partners') and nonregular male sexual partners ('nonregular partners') among newly diagnosed HIV-positive men who have sex with men (MSM) in Chengdu, China. METHODS: A total of 225 newly diagnosed HIV-positive MSM were interviewed using a combined interviewer-computer-assisted method in Chengdu, China...
February 23, 2017: HIV Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230266/who-is-a-distracted-driver-associations-between-mobile-phone-use-while-driving-domain-specific-risk-taking-and-personality
#5
Madison Sween, Andrea Ceschi, Francesco Tommasi, Riccardo Sartori, Joshua Weller
Mobile phone use while driving (MPUWD) is an increasingly common form of distracted driving. Given its widespread prevalence, it is important for researchers to identify factors that may predict who is more likely to engage in this risky behavior. The current study investigates associations between MPUWD risk behaviors, domain-specific risk perceptions, and broad personality dimensions. An Italian community sample (n = 804) completed a survey regarding MPUWD risk perceptions and engagement in MPUWD, in addition to the HEXACO-PI-R, a broad six-factor personality inventory (honesty-humility, emotionality, extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, openness to experience), and the DOSPERT, a six-factor domain-specific self-report risk-taking measure (health/safety, recreational, social, ethical, gambling, and investment)...
February 23, 2017: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229455/maternal-perinatal-and-concurrent-depressive-symptoms-and-child-behavior-problems-a-sibling-comparison-study
#6
Line C Gjerde, Espen Moen Eilertsen, Ted Reichborn-Kjennerud, Tom A McAdams, Henrik Daae Zachrisson, Imac Maria Zambrana, Espen Røysamb, Kenneth S Kendler, Eivind Ystrom
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have found significant associations between maternal prenatal and postpartum depression and child behavior problems (CBP). The present study investigates whether associations remain in a prospective, longitudinal design adjusted for familial confounding. METHODS: The sample comprised 11,599 families including 17,830 siblings from the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort study. Mothers reported depressive symptoms at gestational weeks 17 and 30, as well as 6 months, 1...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228741/perception-and-modeling-of-affective-qualities-of-musical-instrument-sounds-across-pitch-registers
#7
Stephen McAdams, Chelsea Douglas, Naresh N Vempala
Composers often pick specific instruments to convey a given emotional tone in their music, partly due to their expressive possibilities, but also due to their timbres in specific registers and at given dynamic markings. Of interest to both music psychology and music informatics from a computational point of view is the relation between the acoustic properties that give rise to the timbre at a given pitch and the perceived emotional quality of the tone. Musician and nonmusician listeners were presented with 137 tones produced at a fixed dynamic marking (forte) playing tones at pitch class D# across each instrument's entire pitch range and with different playing techniques for standard orchestral instruments drawn from the brass, woodwind, string, and pitched percussion families...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228453/impaired-health-status-psychological-distress-and-personality-in-women-and-men-with-nonobstructive-coronary-artery-disease-sex-and-gender-differences-the-twist-tweesteden-mild-stenosis-study
#8
Paula M C Mommersteeg, Lindy Arts, Wobbe Zijlstra, Jos W Widdershoven, Wilbert Aarnoudse, Johan Denollet
BACKGROUND: Patients with nonobstructive coronary artery disease (NOCAD; wall irregularities, stenosis <60%), and women with NOCAD in particular, remain underinvestigated. We examined sex and gender (S&G) differences in health status, psychological distress, and personality between patients with NOCAD and the general population, as well as S&G differences within the NOCAD population. METHODS AND RESULTS: In total, 523 patients with NOCAD (61±9 years, 52% women) were included via coronary angiography and computed tomography as part of the TWIST (Tweesteden Mild Stenosis) study...
February 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227768/measures-of-the-brain-functional-network-that-correlate-with-alzheimer-s-neuropsychological-test-scores-an-fmri-and-graph-analysis-study
#9
Soroosh Golbabaei, Amin Dadashi, Hamid Soltanian-Zadeh, Soroosh Golbabaei, Amin Dadashi, Hamid Soltanian-Zadeh, Soroosh Golbabaei, Amin Dadashi, Hamid Soltanian-Zadeh
Neural degeneration in Alzheimer's disease (AD) leads to structural topology deformation that in turn changes brain functionality. The main aim of the present study is to find the brain's functional connectivity network (FCN) correlates of Alzheimer's psychological test scores. To this end, the brain's FCN is extracted from the resting state functional magnetic resonance images (rs-fMRI) of healthy controls and patients with AD and represented as a graph. Then, network measures are calculated from the graphs...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227715/bivariate-autoregressive-state-space-modeling-of-psychophysiological-time-series-data
#10
Daniel M Smith, Mohammadreza Abtahi, Amir Mohammad Amiri, Kunal Mankodiya, Daniel M Smith, Mohammadreza Abtahi, Amir Mohammad Amiri, Kunal Mankodiya, Kunal Mankodiya, Daniel M Smith, Mohammadreza Abtahi, Amir Mohammad Amiri
Heart rate (HR) and electrodermal activity (EDA) are often used as physiological measures of psychological arousal in various neuropsychology experiments. In this exploratory study, we analyze HR and EDA data collected from four participants, each with a history of suicidal tendencies, during a cognitive task known as the Paced Auditory Serial Addition Test (PASAT). A central aim of this investigation is to guide future research by assessing heterogeneity in the population of individuals with suicidal tendencies...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224878/-behavioural-activation-as-a-first-line-treatment-for-depression
#11
Ph van Eijndhoven, A H Schene
Psychological treatments are important to reduce the global burden of depression; however, cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT), which is considered the gold-standard treatment, is costly and sparsely available. Behavioural activation (BA) is a psychological treatment aimed at overcoming depression by increasing positive activities, with the help of registration and activity scheduling. It is a simpler and less costly alternative to CBT, and is no less effective in the treatment of moderate to severe depression...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223814/the-dynamic-relationship-between-emotional-and-physical-states-an-observational-study-of-personal-health-records
#12
Ye-Seul Lee, Won-Mo Jung, Hyunchul Jang, Sanghyun Kim, Sun-Yong Chung, Younbyoung Chae
OBJECTIVES: Recently, there has been increasing interest in preventing and managing diseases both inside and outside medical institutions, and these concerns have supported the development of the individual Personal Health Record (PHR). Thus, the current study created a mobile platform called "Mind Mirror" to evaluate psychological and physical conditions and investigated whether PHRs would be a useful tool for assessment of the dynamic relationship between the emotional and physical conditions of an individual...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222910/agents-of-the-father-s-law-in-a-society-of-brothers-a-philosophic-and-psychoanalytic-perspective-on-legitimate-use-of-violence
#13
Efrat Even-Tzur, Uri Hadar
This paper explores subjective processes of "Agents of Law" - individuals who the state grants the authority to use violence - and the dissonance stemming from the contradictory demands posed on them as legitimate users of violence despite the societal taboo against violence. A conceptual model will be offered based on two theoretical legs, Lacanian psychoanalysis and political theories of legitimacy. Specifically, psychoanalytic ideas would serve to examine unconscious processes, subject position and various identifications related to the question of "self-legitimacy" of Agents of Law...
February 17, 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222722/a-longitudinal-study-on-determinants-of-hpv-vaccination-uptake-in-parents-guardians-from-different-ethnic-backgrounds-in-amsterdam-the-netherlands
#14
Catharina J Alberts, Maarten F Schim van der Loeff, Yvonne Hazeveld, Hester E de Melker, Marcel F van der Wal, Astrid Nielen, Fatima El Fakiri, Maria Prins, Theo G W M Paulussen
BACKGROUND: Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination coverage in the Netherlands is low (~60%) compared to other childhood vaccinations (>90%), and even lower among ethnic minorities. The aim of this study was to explore the possible impact of ethnicity on the determinants of both HPV vaccination intention and HPV vaccination uptake among parents/guardians having a daughter that is invited for the HPV vaccination. METHODS: In February 2014, parents/guardians living in Amsterdam were invited to complete a questionnaire about social-psychological determinants of their decision making process regarding the HPV vaccination of their daughter and socio-demographic characteristics...
February 21, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222074/integrative-review-on-the-effectiveness-of-internet-based-interactive-programs-for-women-with-breast-cancer-undergoing-treatment
#15
Jiemin Zhu, Lyn Ebert, Sally Wai-Chi Chan
PROBLEM IDENTIFICATION: Internet-based interactive programs have been developed to address health needs for women with breast cancer undergoing treatment, but evidence has been inadequate to establish the effectiveness of these programs. This article aims to synthesize studies published in English or Chinese regarding the effectiveness of these programs on the outcomes of symptom distress, social support, self-efficacy, quality of life, and psychological well-being for women with breast cancer undergoing treatment...
March 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221086/cassandra-s-regret-the-psychology-of-not-wanting-to-know
#16
Gerd Gigerenzer, Rocio Garcia-Retamero
Ignorance is generally pictured as an unwanted state of mind, and the act of willful ignorance may raise eyebrows. Yet people do not always want to know, demonstrating a lack of curiosity at odds with theories postulating a general need for certainty, ambiguity aversion, or the Bayesian principle of total evidence. We propose a regret theory of deliberate ignorance that covers both negative feelings that may arise from foreknowledge of negative events, such as death and divorce, and positive feelings of surprise and suspense that may arise from foreknowledge of positive events, such as knowing the sex of an unborn child...
March 2017: Psychological Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221066/the-power-and-the-pain-of-adolescents-digital-communication-cyber-victimization-and-the-perils-of-lurking
#17
Marion K Underwood, Samuel E Ehrenreich
Many adolescents are heavily engaged with social media and text messaging (George & Odgers, 2015; Lenhart, 2015), yet few psychologists have studied what digital communication means for adolescents' relationships and adjustment. This article proposes that psychologists should embrace the careful study of adolescents' digital communication. We discuss theoretical frameworks for understanding adolescents' involvement with social media, present less widely recognized perils of intense involvement with social media, and highlight positive features of digital communication...
February 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220084/interactive-family-dynamics-and-non-suicidal-self-injury-in-psychiatric-adolescent-patients-a-single-case-study
#18
Michela Gatta, Marina Miscioscia, Marta Sisti, Ilaria Comis, Pier Antonio Battistella
Non-Suicidal Self-Injury (NSSI) is a common, multifaceted phenomenon among adolescents. Recent researchers have shown that a number of psychological and psychiatric correlates are implicated in the onset/repetition of NSSI, but those previous studies did not directly observe the family interaction patterns of this clinical population. In this paper, the quality of family interactions was observed using the Lausanne Trilogue Play procedure to deepen the specific interactive dimensions associated with NSSI in adolescents...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219962/psychological-manifestations-of-celiac-disease-autoimmunity-in-young-children
#19
Laura B Smith, Kristian F Lynch, Kalle Kurppa, Sibylle Koletzko, Jeffrey Krischer, Edwin Liu, Suzanne Bennett Johnson, Daniel Agardh
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Psychological symptoms can be associated with celiac disease; however, this association has not been studied prospectively in a pediatric cohort. We examined mother report of psychological functioning in children persistently positive for tissue transglutaminase autoantibodies (tTGA), defined as celiac disease autoimmunity (CDA), compared with children without CDA in a screening population of genetically at-risk children. We also investigated differences in psychological symptoms based on mothers' awareness of their child's CDA status...
February 20, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219879/use-of-online-forums-for-perinatal-mental-illness-stigma-and-disclosure-an-exploratory-model
#20
Donna Moore, Nicholas Drey, Susan Ayers
BACKGROUND: Perinatal mental illness is a global health concern; however, many women with the illness do not get the treatment they need to recover. Interventions that reduce the stigma around perinatal mental illness have the potential to enable women to disclose their symptoms to health care providers and consequently access treatment. There are many online forums for perinatal mental illness and thousands of women use them. Preliminary research suggests that online forums may promote help-seeking behavior, potentially because they have a role in challenging stigma...
February 20, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
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