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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786945/a-comparative-study-of-dietary-habits-and-nutritional-intakes-among-korean-adults-according-to-current-depression-status
#1
Yuri Seo, Youjin Je
INTRODUCTION: Data regarding the association between depression and dietary factors in Korean adults are limited. We hypothesized that Korean men and women with depression would have poorer nutritional intakes and different dietary habits than those without depression. METHODS: This study was based on data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey conducted during 2012 to 2014. Overall, 10 591 subjects (4308 men, 6529 women) aged 19 to 64 years were selected and categorized according to current depression status...
May 21, 2018: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786816/examination-of-morbidity-and-mortality-of-cases-according-to-intra-vehicle-position-and-accident-mechanism
#2
Orhan Meral, Ekin Özgür Aktaş, Murat Ersel
BACKGROUND: Traffic accidents are still an important public health issue in our country and intra-vehicle accidents cause substantial morbidity and mortality. In this study, we aimed to investigate the effect of seating position on morbidity and mortality in traffic accidents. METHODS: Patients who were admitted to the Emergency Department, Faculty of Medicine, Ege University between May 1, 2014 and November 30, 2014 due to injuries in motor vehicles and who signed informed consent were included...
May 2018: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786586/-eating-habits-of-the-youth-from-ruda-slaska
#3
Anita Bielawska, Katarzyna Tomczyk, Brygida Adamek, Barbara Rybus-Kalinowska, Jakub Warakomski, Beata Łabuz-Roszak
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: In recent years, interests on dietary and health food have grown considerably. Nutritional knowledge and eating habits determined in the youth have an impact on the health condition in adulthood. The aim: To evaluate the eating habits in the population of young people from Silesian province. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: The anonymous questionnaire survey was conducted in the group of high school students aged 17-21 years coming from Silesian province, randomly chosen from high schools in Ruda Slaska...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785879/blood-and-hair-mercury-concentrations-among-cree-first-nations-of-eeyou-istchee-quebec-canada-time-trends-prenatal-exposure-and-links-to-local-fish-consumption
#4
Susannah Ripley, Elizabeth Robinson, Louise Johnson-Down, Anne Andermann, Pierre Ayotte, Michel Lucas, Evert Nieboer
To describe exposure to methylmercury among Cree, focusing on women of childbearing age, we used data from 2 studies. Multiple regression was employed to examine associations between blood and hair mercury concentrations and consumption of locally harvested fish. Approximately 9.9% of non-pregnant women aged 15-44 y and 3.9% of pregnant women required follow-up according to Health Canada's blood mercury guidance value of 40 nmol/L. 8% of hair mercury observations in the non-pregnant women and 2.5% among pregnant women exceeded the equivalent threshold of 10 nmol/g...
December 2018: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785797/relationship-between-handgrip-strength-and-pulmonary-function-in-apparently-healthy-older-women
#5
Da-Hye Son, Ji-Won Yoo, Mi-Ra Cho, Yong-Jae Lee
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the relationship between handgrip strength and pulmonary function. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study of a representative sample of older Korean women. SETTING: The Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. PARTICIPANTS: Community-dwelling women aged 65 and older without chronic diseases or pulmonary disease (N=605). MEASUREMENTS: Handgrip strength was measured using a digital hand dynamometer, and pulmonary function was tested according to guidelines of the American Thoracic Society/European Respiratory Society using a spirometry system...
May 21, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785727/body-composition-profiling-in-the-uk-biobank-imaging-study
#6
Jennifer Linge, Magnus Borga, Janne West, Theresa Tuthill, Melissa R Miller, Alexandra Dumitriu, E Louise Thomas, Thobias Romu, Patrik Tunón, Jimmy D Bell, Olof Dahlqvist Leinhard
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the value of imaging-based multivariable body composition profiling by describing its association with coronary heart disease (CHD), type 2 diabetes (T2D), and metabolic health on individual and population levels. METHODS: The first 6,021 participants scanned by UK Biobank were included. Body composition profiles (BCPs) were calculated, including abdominal subcutaneous adipose tissue, visceral adipose tissue (VAT), thigh muscle volume, liver fat, and muscle fat infiltration (MFI), determined using magnetic resonance imaging...
May 22, 2018: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785719/children-s-experiences-and-expectations-of-kidney-transplantation-a-qualitative-interview-study
#7
Rachael C Walker, Derisha Naicker, Tonya Kara, Suetonia C Palmer
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVE: Kidney transplantation offers improved quality of life and life expectancy compared with dialysis for children. This study aims to understand the experiences and expectations of children during the kidney transplantation process to inform clinical care. STUDY DESIGN: Face-to-face, semi-structured interviews. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: We interviewed 13 children and adolescents aged between 7 and 17 years old in New Zealand who had received a kidney transplantation...
May 21, 2018: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785596/biochar-reduces-nitrate-level-in-red-beet
#8
Josef Maroušek, Ladislav Kolář, Marek Vochozka, Vojtěch Stehel, Anna Maroušková
Impacts of red beet consumption both on human and animal health are subject of intense research. In particular, products that are not heat-processed contain plethora of bioactive compounds that hold promise against numerous degenerative and aging-associated diseases. However, high level of nitrates (typically more than 2 g NO3 - kg-1 ) whose health effects are perceived with reasoned objections counterbalance these benefits. Following the above, from a certain level, the increased consumption of red beet has contrary impacts, creating a limiting factor not only from the economic point of view but also in terms of beneficial compounds intake...
May 21, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785098/sarcopenia-assessment-of-disease-burden-and-strategies-to-improve-outcomes
#9
REVIEW
Ilaria Liguori, Gennaro Russo, Luisa Aran, Giulia Bulli, Francesco Curcio, David Della-Morte, Gaetano Gargiulo, Gianluca Testa, Francesco Cacciatore, Domenico Bonaduce, Pasquale Abete
Life expectancy is increasing worldwide, with a resultant increase in the elderly population. Aging is characterized by the progressive loss of skeletal muscle mass and strength - a phenomenon called sarcopenia. Sarcopenia has a complex multifactorial pathogenesis, which involves not only age-related changes in neuromuscular function, muscle protein turnover, and hormone levels and sensitivity, but also a chronic pro-inflammatory state, oxidative stress, and behavioral factors - in particular, nutritional status and degree of physical activity...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785053/management-of-children-and-young-people-cyp-with-asthma-a-clinical-audit-report
#10
Mark L Levy, Angela Ward, Sara Nelson
An asthma attack or exacerbation signals treatment failure. Most attacks are preventable and failure to recognize risk of asthma attacks are well recognized as risk factors for future attacks and even death. Of the 19 recommendations made by the United Kingdom National Review of Asthma Deaths (NRAD) (1) only one has been partially implemented-a National Asthma Audit; however, this hasn't reported yet. The Harrow Clinical Commissioning Group (CCG) in London implemented a clinical asthma audit on 291 children and young people aged under 19 years (CYP) who had been treated for asthma attacks in 2016...
May 21, 2018: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784891/predicting-physical-activity-behavior-in-african-american-females-using-multi-theory-model
#11
Traci Hayes, Vinayak K Nahar, Manoj Sharma
BACKGROUND: Despite physical activity having several benefits, a considerable number of Americans do not engage in sufficient exercise. Among the high-risk groups are African American women. A recent theory, multi theory model (MTM) for health behavior change can be used to develop effective interventions. The objective of this research was to test MTM in its ability to predict physical activity behavior in African American women. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784505/the-cardiovascular-health-score-and-the-volume-of-carotid-body-in-computed-tomography-angiography-in-patients-with-arterial-hypertension
#12
Przemysław Jaźwiec, Paweł Gać, Małgorzata Poręba, Małgorzata Sobieszczańska, Grzegorz Mazur, Rafał Poręba
The cardiovascular health (CVH) score constitutes a reliable and measurable indicator of CVH proposed by the American Heart Association (AHA) calculated based on seven fundamental parameters, that is, smoking, body mass index, physical activity, healthy diet score, blood pressure, blood cholesterol, and fasting plasma glucose. The size and activity of carotid body (CB) play an important role in the pathogenesis of the cardiovascular system. The objective of this study was to define the relationship between the AHA CVH score and the volume of CB (VrCB+lCB ) estimated based on computed tomography angiography (CTA) in patients with arterial hypertension...
May 3, 2018: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784236/a-review-associations-between-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-physical-activity-medication-use-eating-behaviors-and-obesity-in-children-and-adolescents
#13
REVIEW
Danielle Quesada, Nasar U Ahmed, Kristopher P Fennie, Erica L Gollub, Boubakari Ibrahimou
In the past few years we have become increasingly aware of strong associations between obesity and ADHD. Both conditions are major public health issues, affecting children, adolescents and adults alike. OBJECTIVE: This review seeks to (1) examine prior research on the association between ADHD and obesity in children and adolescents; (2) discuss mechanisms and consequent behavioral attributes to gain understanding of the path association between ADHD and obesity, (3) review studies examining the role of physical activity, medication, eating behavior and gender on the relationship between ADHD and obesity in children and adolescents...
June 2018: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784080/how-can-university-sexual-health-promotion-events-reach-those-most-at-risk-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Matthew E Dunn, Merryn McKinnon
Background: The rate of notifications of sexually transmissible infections (STIs) in Australians has increased dramatically, especially in those aged 16-30 years. This age bracket, typical of university students, is the most likely to report multiple sexual partners in the previous year. Individuals who have sex with multiple partners in a year have a significantly increased chance of contracting an STI, making them an important audience for sexual health promotion. This study aimed to determine how university sexual health promotion events can better reach this higher-risk subset of the population...
May 22, 2018: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783962/predictors-of-weight-stigma-experienced-by-middle-older-aged-general-practice-patients-with-obesity-in-disadvantaged-areas-of-australia-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Catherine Spooner, Upali W Jayasinghe, Nighat Faruqi, Nigel Stocks, Mark F Harris
BACKGROUND: Rates of obesity have increased globally and weight stigma is commonly experienced by people with obesity. Feeling stigmatised because of one's weight can be a barrier to healthy eating, physical activity and to seeking help for weight management. The aim of this study was to identify predictors of perceived weight among middle-older aged patients with obesity attending general practices in socioeconomically disadvantaged urban areas of Australia. METHODS: As part of a randomised clinical trial in Australia, telephone interviews were conducted with 120 patients from 17 general practices in socioeconomically disadvantaged of Sydney and Adelaide...
May 21, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783961/diabetes-management-training-for-female-community-health-volunteers-in-western-nepal-an-implementation-experience
#16
Bishal Gyawali, Shiva Raj Mishra, Dinesh Neupane, Abhinav Vaidya, Annelli Sandbæk, Per Kallestrup
BACKGROUND: In the backdroup of a rapidly increasing burden of diabetes in Nepal, a community-based diabetes management program is implemented involving female community health volunteers (FCHVs) under the government run FCHVs program. FCHVs received an intensive one-week training workshop on prevention, control and management of diabetes. The training program was implemented and evaluated to enhance diabetes knowledge of FCHVs and matched according to their literacy level. METHODS: A range of teaching methods were applied, including desk review, active participation, lectures, presentations, discussions, role plays, demonstration and field test...
May 21, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783868/low-bone-mineral-density-in-ambulatory-persons-with-cerebral-palsy-a-systematic-review
#17
Cindy T R Mus-Peters, Bionka M A Huisstede, Suzie Noten, Minou W M G C Hitters, Wilma M A van der Slot, Rita J G van den Berg-Emons
PURPOSE: Non-ambulatory persons with cerebral palsy are prone to low bone mineral density. In ambulatory persons with cerebral palsy, bone mineral density deficits are expected to be small or absent, but a consensus conclusion is lacking. In this systematic review bone mineral density in ambulatory persons with cerebral palsy (Gross Motor Function Classification Scales I-III) was studied. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Medline, Embase, and Web of Science were searched. According to international guidelines, low bone mineral density was defined as Z-score ≤ -2...
May 22, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783657/eating-alone-is-differentially-associated-with-the-risk-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-korean-men-and-women
#18
Chul-Kyoo Kim, Hyun-Jin Kim, Hae-Kyung Chung, Dayeon Shin
Few studies have examined overall patterns of eating alone in relation to the risk of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in Korean populations. The present study aimed to examine the relationship between patterns of eating alone and the risk of MetS in Korean adults. Data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) for 2013⁻2015 were used, with 8988 Korean adult participants, including 3624 men and 5364 women, aged 18 to 64 years. Patterns of eating alone were categorized into eight groups based on the total frequency of eating alone on a daily basis in the past one year: (1) three times for breakfast, lunch, and dinner; (2) twice for breakfast and dinner; (3) twice for lunch and dinner; (4) twice for breakfast and lunch; (5) once for breakfast only; (6) once for lunch only; (7) once for dinner only; and (8) never eating alone...
May 18, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783246/-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B1-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B1-%C3%B1-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B1-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B1-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B1-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B1-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B1-%C3%B1-%C3%B1-%C3%B0%C2%BA-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B1-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B1-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B1-%C3%B1-%C3%B1-%C3%B1-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0
#19
Nataliia O Rynhach, Vasyl M Mykhalchuk, Anatolii H Krut
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: This publication focuses on role of physical activity in promoting and protecting health and well-being. Physical activity is a significant risk factor for noncommunicable diseases. The public's awareness of the risk factors of non-communicable diseases is an important component of their control. The aim: To estimate the level of knowledge of the working age population regarding the essence of a healthy lifestyle and risk factors for non-communicable diseases (with an emphasis on lack of physical activity and its consequences) according to qualitative and quantitative sociological research...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782486/clinical-socioeconomic-and-behavioural-factors-at-age-50-years-and-risk-of-cardiometabolic-multimorbidity-and-mortality-a-cohort-study
#20
Archana Singh-Manoux, Aurore Fayosse, Séverine Sabia, Adam Tabak, Martin Shipley, Aline Dugravot, Mika Kivimäki
BACKGROUND: Multimorbidity is increasingly common and is associated with adverse health outcomes, highlighting the need to broaden the single-disease framework that dominates medical research. We examined the role of midlife clinical characteristics, socioeconomic position, and behavioural factors in the development of cardiometabolic multimorbidity (at least 2 of diabetes, coronary heart disease, and stroke), along with how these factors modify risk of mortality. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Data on 8,270 men and women were drawn from the Whitehall II cohort study, with mean follow-up of 23...
May 2018: PLoS Medicine
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