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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267126/psychological-and-physical-environmental-factors-in-the-development-of-incontinence-in-adults-and-children-a-comprehensive-review
#1
Alexander von Gontard, Tom P V M de Jong, Jasmin Katrin Badawi, Kathleen A OʼConnell, Ann T Hanna-Mitchell, Anka Nieuwhof-Leppink, Linda Cardozo
The aim of this review was to identify etiological environmental factors related to incontinence in children and adults. A variety of etiological environmental factors for the development of incontinence were identified. In children, these encompass stressful life events and trauma, family dysfunction, parental psychopathology, school-related stressors, toilet or "potty" training, fluid consumption habits, housing conditions, and the availability of toilets. In adults, physical exercise, obesity, working conditions, fluid intake, and the availability of toilets play a role...
March 2017: Journal of Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248418/defeating-urinary-incontinence-with-exercise-training-results-of-a-pilot-study-in-frail-older-women
#2
Kristine M C Talley, Jean F Wyman, Ulf Bronas, Becky J Olson-Kellogg, Teresa C McCarthy
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether combining behavioral urinary incontinence (UI) treatments with physical activity improves UI in frail older women. DESIGN: Single-blind, two-arm pilot randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Senior apartments. PARTICIPANTS: Frail women (mean age 84.9 ± 6.4) without dementia (n = 42). INTERVENTION: Twelve-week program of customized behavioral UI treatments: 150 minutes of weekly walking and twice weekly strength training classes...
March 1, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236604/using-prompted-voiding-to-manage-urinary-incontinence-in-nursing-homes-can-it-be-sustained
#3
Claudia K Y Lai, Xiaojuan Wan
OBJECTIVES: Studies reporting prompted voiding (PV) interventions were of short duration and were delivered by research personnel rather than nursing home staff. This study examined the effectiveness of the use of PV by nursing home staff in managing urinary incontinence among residents over a 6-month period. DESIGN: A randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Five nursing homes in Hong Kong. PARTICIPANTS: Data were collected from 52 nursing home residents who had been admitted to the facility for at least 6 months prior to the initiation of the study and whose incontinence had been stable over the 6-month period...
February 21, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198006/associations-of-early-developmental-milestones-with-adult-intelligence
#4
Trine Flensborg-Madsen, Erik L Mortensen
The study investigated whether age at attainment of 20 developmental milestones within the areas of language, walking, eating, dressing, social interaction, and toilet training was associated with adult intelligence. Mothers of 821 children of the Copenhagen Perinatal Cohort recorded 20 developmental milestones at a 3-year examination, and all children were administered the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale when they were 20-34 years old. Later attainment of a number of milestones was associated with lower adult IQ with the strongest associations found for those related to language and social interaction...
February 15, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173789/participatory-science-and-innovation-for-improved-sanitation-and-hygiene-process-and-outcome-evaluation-of-project-shine-a-school-based-intervention-in-rural-tanzania
#5
Erin Hetherington, Matthijs Eggers, Joyce Wamoyi, Jennifer Hatfield, Mange Manyama, Susan Kutz, Sheri Bastien
BACKGROUND: Diarrheal disease is a major cause of mortality and morbidity in low and middle income countries with children being disproportionately affected. Project SHINE (Sanitation & Hygiene INnovation in Education) is a grassroots participatory science education and social entrepreneurship model to engage youth and the wider community in the development of sustainable strategies to improve sanitation and hygiene. METHODS: Based in rural and remote Tanzania, this pilot study engaged pastoralist high-school students and communities in the development and evaluation of culturally and contextually relevant strategies to improve sanitation and hygiene...
February 7, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154883/-urinary-tract-infections-in-children
#6
E Lellig, M Apfelbeck, J Straub, A Karl, S Tritschler, C G Stief, M Riccabona
Urinary tract infections (UTI) are the most common bacterial infections in children. The symptoms are not very specific and range from abdominal pain, poor feeding to nocturnal urinary incontinence. The technique of collecting urine plays an important role for securing the diagnosis. The best way to obtain urine in non-toilet-trained children is catheterization or suprapubic bladder aspiration. In toilet-trained children midstream urine is an acceptable alternative after cleaning the foreskin or labia. In the case of an infection a prompt empirical antibiotic therapy is necessary to reduce the risk of parenchymal scarring of the kidneys...
February 2017: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141711/an-8-year-old-boy-with-treatment-resistant-encopresis
#7
Martin T Stein, Marc A Benninga, Barbara T Felt
Paul is an 8-year-old boy with a long-standing history of encopresis and enuresis. Potty training was initiated when he was 2 years old. At this time, his mother was absent from the home for 6 weeks when she cared for her ill father in a different city. The process of teaching Paul to use the bathroom was described as "inconsistent" due to multiple caretakers.Paul never successfully mastered bowel and bladder control. He continues to wet and soil his clothes on a daily basis at home and school. According to his parents, he does not accept responsibility and comments about his soiling such as, "I didn't do it; someone else must have put it there...
February 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115503/a-community-survey-of-antibiotic-consumption-among-children-in-madagascar-and-senegal-the-importance-of-healthcare-access-and-care-quality
#8
Michael Padget, Jeanne Tamarelle, Perlinot Herindrainy, Awa Ndir, Fatoumata Diene Sarr, Vincent Richard, Patrice Piola, Didier Guillemot, Elisabeth Delarocque-Astagneau
BACKGROUND: Antibiotic resistance is growing in low-income countries (LICs). Children in LICs are particularly at risk. Information on antibiotic consumption is needed to control the development and spread of resistant bacteria. METHODS: To measure antibiotic consumption and related factors, a community survey was undertaken in two sites in Madagascar (Antananarivo and Moramanga) and in Senegal (Guediawaye) among children under 2. Face-to-face interviews were conducted with parents or caregivers of eligible children...
February 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056885/working-conditions-and-public-health-risks-in-slaughterhouses-in-western-kenya
#9
Elizabeth Anne Jessie Cook, William Anson de Glanville, Lian Francesca Thomas, Samuel Kariuki, Barend Mark de Clare Bronsvoort, Eric Maurice Fèvre
BACKGROUND: Inadequate facilities and hygiene at slaughterhouses can result in contamination of meat and occupational hazards to workers. The objectives of this study were to assess current conditions in slaughterhouses in western Kenya and the knowledge, and practices of the slaughterhouse workers toward hygiene and sanitation. METHODS: Between February and October 2012 all consenting slaughterhouses in the study area were recruited. A standardised questionnaire relating to facilities and practices in the slaughterhouse was administered to the foreperson at each site...
January 5, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977360/giving-someone-the-right-death
#10
Tristan Crombie
Before I started training to be a nurse, I had no experience of caring. Other than my nephew, I'd never washed someone, nor helped them to the toilet or fed them.
December 14, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932079/urinary-continence-outcomes-following-vaginoplasty-in-patients-with-congenital-adrenal-hyperplasia
#11
John Stites, Kerlly J Bernabé, Denise Galan, Diane Felsen, Dix P Poppas
BACKGROUND: Feminizing genitoplasty techniques have diversified to encompass the spectrum of atypical genitalia in 46,XX congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) patients. However, long-term outcomes evaluating postoperative continence following complex vaginoplasty remain scarce. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to review our surgical experience and assess postoperative urinary continence outcomes in CAH patients following complex, primary vaginoplasty. STUDY DESIGN: We retrospectively reviewed CAH patients who underwent complex, primary vaginoplasty at a single center by a single surgeon from 1996 to 2013...
February 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911597/evidence-based-psychosocial-treatments-for-pediatric-elimination-disorders
#12
Jaclyn A Shepard, Joseph E Poler, Jesse H Grabman
Pediatric elimination disorders are common in childhood, yet psychosocial correlates are generally unclear. Given the physiological concomitants of both enuresis and encopresis, and the fact that many children with elimination disorders are initially brought to their primary care physician for treatment, medical evaluation and management are crucial and may serve as the first-line treatment approach. Scientific investigation on psychological and behavioral interventions has progressed over the past couple of decades, resulting in the identification of effective treatments for enuresis and encopresis...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894249/brief-compression-only-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-training-video-and-simulation-with-homemade-mannequin-improves-cpr-skills
#13
Gregory K Wanner, Arayel Osborne, Charlotte H Greene
BACKGROUND: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) training has traditionally involved classroom-based courses or, more recently, home-based video self-instruction. These methods typically require preparation and purchase fee; which can dissuade many potential bystanders from receiving training. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of teaching compression-only CPR to previously untrained individuals using our 6-min online CPR training video and skills practice on a homemade mannequin, reproduced by viewers with commonly available items (towel, toilet paper roll, t-shirt)...
November 29, 2016: BMC Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889492/surgical-complications-following-early-genitourinary-reconstructive-surgery-for-congenital-adrenal-hyperplasia-interim-analysis-at-6-years
#14
Pankaj P Dangle, Andy Lee, Rajeev Chaudhry, Francis X Schneck
OBJECTIVE: To review the intermediate- to long-term surgical complications following feminizing reconstructive surgery for patients with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) at a single tertiary center. Genitourinary reconstructive surgery is pivotal to favorable cosmetic and functional outcomes for patients with CAH. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review identifying 26 patients from April 2003 to April 2015 who underwent genitourinary reconstructive surgeries...
November 23, 2016: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887911/does-perception-of-catheterization-limit-its-use-in-pediatric-uti
#15
Rachel E Selekman, Melissa T Sanford, Lauren N Ko, I Elaine Allen, Hillary L Copp
INTRODUCTION: Urinary tract infections (UTIs) affect 3-8% of febrile children annually, but correctly diagnosing UTI in young children can present a challenge. Diagnosis requires a non-contaminated urine sample, which requires catheterization or suprapubic aspiration in infants and young children that have not completed toilet training. To improve adherence to these guidelines, it is critical to understand the barriers to urine testing and catheterization. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate parental perception of pediatric UTI evaluation to better understand factors that impede urine testing prior to treatment of suspected UTI...
February 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871241/prevalence-antimicrobial-susceptibility-patterns-and-associated-risk-factors-of-shigella-and-salmonella-among-food-handlers-in-arba-minch-university-south-ethiopia
#16
Mohammedaman Mama, Getaneh Alemu
BACKGROUND: The availability of safe food improves health of the people that contributes to productivity and provides an effective platform for development and poverty alleviation. On the other hand, unsafe food handling and processing can serve as a vehicle for the transmission of a variety of disease causing agents. The risk of food getting contaminated depends largely on the health status of the food handlers, their personal hygiene, knowledge and practice of food hygiene. Food borne diseases are therefore a public health problem in developed and developing countries which is also true for Ethiopia...
November 21, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836442/intravesical-ureteric-reimplantation-for-primary-obstructed-megaureter-in-infants-under-1-year-of-age
#17
Emily Jude, Aniruddh Deshpande, Andrew Barker, Japinder Khosa, Naeem Samnakay
PURPOSE: This study aimed to assess the outcome of intravesical ureteric reimplantation for primary obstructed megaureter (POM) performed in infants under 1 year of age. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was carried out of all infants undergoing intravesical ureteric reimplantation surgery for POM at two pediatric centers in the 12 years between 2003 and 2014. Outcomes were compared with those of children aged over 1 year undergoing intravesical reimplantation for POM during this period...
February 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833824/supply-side-barriers-to-maternal-health-care-utilization-at-health-sub-centers-in-india
#18
Aditya Singh
INTRODUCTION: There exist several barriers to maternal health service utilization in developing countries. Most of the previous studies conducted in India have focused on demand-side barriers, while only a few have touched upon supply-side barriers. None of the previous studies in India have investigated the factors that affect maternal health care utilization at health sub-centers (HSCs) in India, despite the fact that these institutions, which are the geographically closest available public health care facilities in rural areas, play a significant role in providing affordable maternal health care...
2016: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771661/toilet-training-and-constipation
#19
Newton Luiz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 8, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771423/short-term-complications-after-pyeloplasty-in-children-with-lower-urinary-tract-anomalies
#20
Rafal Chrzan, Wojciech Panek, Caroline F Kuijper, Peter Dik, Aart J Klijn, Keetje L de Mooij, Tom P de Jong
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether children with lower urinary tract (LUT) anomalies are at greater risk for postoperative complications after laparoscopic pyeloplasty stented with a double-J catheter (JJC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Prospectively collected data of laparoscopic pyeloplasty (LP) performed between 2006 and 2015 were analyzed. Inclusion criteria are (1) toilet-trained child and (2) unilateral dismembered pyeloplasty stented with a JJC done by the same surgeon...
October 19, 2016: Urology
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