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forearm penetrating injuries

Edwin R Faulconer, Bernardino C Branco, Melissa N Loja, Kevin Grayson, James Sampson, Timothy C Fabian, John B Holcomb, Thomas Scalea, David Skarupa, Kenji Inaba, Nathaniel Poulin, Todd E Rasmussen, Joseph J Dubose
BACKGROUND: Vascular trauma data have been submitted to the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma PROspective Observational Vascular Injury Trial (PROOVIT) database since 2013. We present data to describe current use of endovascular surgery in vascular trauma. METHODS: Registry data from March 2013 to December 2016 were reviewed. All trauma patients who had an injury to a named artery, except the forearm and lower leg, were included. Arteries were grouped into anatomic regions and by compressible and noncompressible region for analysis...
March 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Edwin R Faulconer, Bernardino C Branco, Melissa N Loja, Kevin Grayson, James Sampson, Timothy C Fabian, John B Holcomb, Thomas Scalea, David Skarupa, Kenji Inaba, Nathaniel Poulin, Todd E Rasmussen, Joseph J Dubose
INTRODUCTION: Vascular trauma data have been submitted to the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma PROspective Observational Vascular Injury Trial (PROOVIT) database since 2013. We present data to describe current use of endovascular surgery in vascular trauma. METHODS: Registry data from March 2013 to December 2016 were reviewed. All trauma patients who had an injury to a named artery, except the forearm and lower leg, were included. Arteries were grouped into anatomic regions and by compressible and non-compressible region for analysis...
December 20, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Paul Griffin, Suzanne Elliott, Kenia Krauer, Cristyn Davies, S Rachel Skinner, Christopher D Anderson, Angus Forster
Most vaccinations are performed by intramuscular injection with a needle and syringe. However, this method is not ideal due to limitations, such as the risk of needle-stick injury, the requirement for trained personnel to give injections and the need to reconstitute lyophilized vaccines. Therefore, we tested an alternative delivery technology that overcomes the problems with needle and syringe. The Nanopatch™ is an array of 10,000 silicon micro-projections per cm(2) that can be dry-coated with vaccine for skin delivery...
October 23, 2017: Vaccine
Simone Cappelletti, Paola Antonella Fiore, Edoardo Bottoni, Mariarosaria Aromatario
We present the case of an 18-year-old girl who was sexually assaulted with transanal forearm penetration resulting in a fourth-degree perineal laceration. Fisting is an uncommon sexual practice consisting in the penetration of the vagina, anus, or both of them with fingers, hand (fist) or forearm.Perineal lacerations are a relatively common finding in both consensual and nonconsensual fisting victims. Even though cases of fisting with first-, second-, and third-degree lacerations have been reported in literature, only one previous case of fourth-degree perineal laceration has been described in a woman, who died after anal fisting...
September 2017: American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology
Eugene Wang, Kenji Inaba, Saskya Byerly, Diandra Escamilla, Jayun Cho, Joseph Carey, Milan Stevanovic, Alidad Ghiassi, Demetrios Demetriades
BACKGROUND: Data regarding outcomes after peripheral nerve injuries is limited, and the optimal management strategy for an acute injury is unclear. The aim of this study was to examine timing of repair and specific factors that impact motor-sensory outcomes after peripheral nerve injury. METHODS: This was a single-center, retrospective study. Patients with traumatic peripheral nerve injury from January 2010 to June 2015 were included. Patients who died, required amputation, suffered brachial plexus injury, or had missing motor-sensory examinations were excluded...
November 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Hakan Şirinoğlu, Furkan Certel, Nebil Yeşïloğlu, Gökhan Temïz, Kübra Ece Kalafatlar, Murat Sarici, Özhan Çelebïler
BACKGROUND: Penetrating upper extremity injury is a common encountered cause of significant loss of labor force and it is generally caused by sharp items. This article presents five rare cases of penetrating hand and forearm injury caused by blunt-edged items in conjunction with a detailed discussion of the mechanism and management of the injury. METHODS: Five patients with a mean age of 37.6 were treated for upper extremity trauma caused by "blunt-edged items" such as corrugated iron fence, garden wires, iron stick or iron safety fence between 2009 to 2014...
March 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery Asian-Pacific Volume
Lara Reichert, Jennifer Worsham, Grant Fankhauser
Marine animal injuries are rare causes of emergency room visits and vascular injuries worldwide. Penetrating injuries from marine animals risk damage to vasculature, and physicians must be alert to such possibilities. We report a 7-year-old boy with penetrating trauma and retained foreign body in the forearm from a catfish injury. Initial imaging suggested transection of the radial artery, but on exposure in a controlled setting the foreign body was found to compress the artery without any vascular injury. No vascular repair was needed after foreign body removal...
February 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
Steffen Roth, Anne Kristin Møller Fell
BACKGROUND: We present an unusual case of subcutaneous granulomas that also highlights the importance of assessing possible associations between exposure and symptoms early in the diagnostic approach to prevent further adverse health effects. Granulomas of the skin are seen in association with several diseases and after foreign body penetration of soft tissue, but have not been described after contact with epoxy. Epoxy resins are commonly used in paints and other protective coatings, including flooring materials...
2016: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
Marco Falcone, Giulio Garaffa, Amr Raheem, Nim A Christopher, David J Ralph
INTRODUCTION: Although genital injuries in civilian centers are rare, the scenario is completely different in the battlefield. If the penile distal stump is not adequate for primary reimplantation or it cannot be found, then delayed penile reconstruction needs to be considered. AIM: To report a single-center experience with total phallic reconstruction using radial artery based forearm free flap (RAFFF) after penile traumatic loss. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the clinical records of 10 patients who underwent total phallic reconstruction with the use of the RAFFF from September 2001 through August 2015 after traumatic amputation of the penis...
July 2016: Journal of Sexual Medicine
JayanthKumar B C, Deepak Sampath, Hanumantha Reddy N, Vishnu Motukuru
INTRODUCTION: Vascular injury associated withclosed posterior elbow dislocations is rare and it usually occurs along with open dislocation, anterior dislocation, penetrating injuries, dislocations associated with fracture. We report such a case of closed posterior elbow dislocation with complete brachial artery rupture. CASE REPORT: A 58 years old lady sustained posterior dislocation of right elbow following a fall at home. She presented three days later with complaints of severe pain, swelling around the right elbow and numbness of fingers following a closed reduction done elsewhere...
October 2015: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
Yoshinori Enomoto, Yoshio Sudo, Tomonori Sueta
Tricuspid insufficiency due to penetrating cardiac trauma is rare. Patients with tricuspid insufficiency due to trauma can tolerate this abnormality for months or even years. We report a case of a 66-year-old female with penetrating cardiac trauma on the right side of her heart that required tricuspid valve repair in an acute setting. She sustained cut and stab wounds on her bilateral forearms and in the neck and epigastric region. She had cardiac tamponade and developed pulseless electrical activity, which required emergency surgery...
November 2015: Hellenic Journal of Cardiology: HJC, Hellēnikē Kardiologikē Epitheōrēsē
K Naito, Y Sugiyama, Y Igeta, K Kaneko, O Obayashi
PURPOSE: Animal bite injuries are often encountered in daily practice. In particular, these injuries of the upper limbs can result in severe functional impairment. We have performed early debridement of contaminated tissue and primary closure for these injuries. METHODS: The subjects consisted of 15 patients (6 males and 9 females) aged 1-91 years (mean 53.6 years) who visited our hospital due to animal bite injuries (dog in 9 patients, cat in 6). The bite site was the forearm in 5 patients and the hand in 10...
April 2016: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
Hamid Reza Hatamabadi, Fatemeh Asayesh Zarchi, Hamid Kariman, Ali Arhami Dolatabadi, Ali Tabatabaey, Afshin Amini
BACKGROUND: Uncontrolled hemorrhage is a well-recognized cause of mortality in trauma victims and the control of active hemorrhage is among the initial steps in resuscitation. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to assess the role of a hemostatic agent "celox" in the management of civilian stab-wound trauma. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this clinical trial study, 160 patients with penetrating limb trauma were randomly allocated to either the control or intervention group (n = 80, each group)...
February 2015: Trauma Monthly
Ellen S Satteson, Zhongyu Li
Two patients with an anteriorly positioned ulnar nerve at the elbow, identified during cubital tunnel release, are presented. Upon encountering an empty cubital tunnel, additional dissection found the ulnar nerve to course posterior to and to penetrate through the intermuscular septum 3 to 5 cm proximal to the medial epicondyle. It then ran anterior to the pronator-flexor mass before entering the forearm between the ulnar and the humeral heads of the flexor carpi ulnaris. Although a rare anatomical anomaly, an anteriorly positioned ulnar nerve is potentially an underreported finding...
May 2015: Journal of Hand Surgery
Ricky C Kue, Elizabeth S Temin, Scott G Weiner, Jonathan Gates, Melissa H Coleman, Jonathan Fisher, Sophia Dyer
INTRODUCTION: Despite the resurgence of early tourniquet use for control of exsanguinating limb hemorrhage in the military setting, its appropriate role in civilian emergency medical services (EMS) has been less clear. OBJECTIVE: To describe the experience of prehospital tourniquet use in an urban, civilian EMS setting. METHODS: A retrospective review of EMS prehospital care reports was performed from January 1, 2005 to December 1, 2012. Data, including the time duration of prehospital tourniquet placement, EMS scene time, mechanisms of injury, and patient demographics, underwent descriptive analysis...
July 2015: Prehospital Emergency Care
Stephen Johnson, Margaret Jones, Jennifer Zumsteg
CASE DESCRIPTION: This case reviews the acute care and rehabilitation course of a 44-year-old right-handed woman after an assault with a pocketknife. She suffered multiple stab wounds including penetrating injury to the left side of her neck. Physical examination revealed left hemiplegia (motor score = 57), impaired pinprick sensation on the right caudal to the C5 dermatome, impaired joint position sense on the left, and left ptosis and miosis. Initially she was unable to stand without maximum assistance...
2016: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
Brian A Kelly, Patricia Miller, Benjamin J Shore, Peter M Waters, Donald S Bae
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to compare the rate of complications between buried and exposed intramedullary implants after fixation of pediatric forearm fractures. METHODS: A retrospective comparative cohort study of 339 children treated with intramedullary fixation for displaced forearm fractures between 2004 and 2009 was performed. Implants were left exposed in 128 patients (37.8%) and buried beneath the skin in 208 patients (61.4%); 3 patients had buried and exposed hardware (0...
December 2014: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
Ki Hoon Kim, Eun Jin Byun, Eun Hyun Oh
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the anatomic relationship between the superficial radial nerve (SRN) and the cephalic vein (CV) through ultrasonography due to the possibility of SRN injury during cephalic venipuncture. METHODS: Both forearms of 51 healthy volunteers with no history of trauma or surgery were examined in proximal to distal direction using ultrasonography. We measured the distance between the radial styloid process (RSP) and the point where the SRN begins contact with the CV, and measured the distance between the RSP and the point where the SRN is separated from the CV...
February 2014: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
Alessandra Pentone, Liliana Innamorato, Francesco Introna
A 22-year-old man was found dead in his room, lying on his bed, with a kitchen knife embedded in his thorax. The external examination revealed only 1 deep incised horizontal wound in the third left intercostal space beside the sternum. There were no hesitation marks or defense injuries. On both flexor sides of the wrists, the forearms, and the arms and on the right and the left side of the neck, there were several old transversal cut scars. At the autopsy, once the single-edged knife was removed, and after a median sternotomy, the penetration depth of the stab wound revealed an incision of the left pleura, the pericardium, and the transfixed heart, from the anterior to the posterior side, ending on the seventh thoracic vertebra...
December 2013: American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology
Maya Furman-Reznic, Chen Kugel
Assessment of individuals with injuries that may have been caused by intentional self-harm is part of routine work of forensic physicians. We present a case of deliberate self-harm of a 19 years old woman who claimed she had been cut by her partner during a quarrel while her partner claimed that she had injured herself. No forensic examination was performed. The case was first reviewed several months after the incident by experts giving consultations for the defense (the authors) by that time the only documentation of injury available were scant medical records and photos of very low quality...
October 2013: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
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