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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100768/control-of-bovine-tuberculosis-in-a-farmed-red-deer-herd-in-england
#1
F Busch, F Bannerman, S Liggett, F Griffin, J Clarke, K P Lyashchenko, S Rhodes
This report describes how Mycobacterium bovis infection was controlled and eventually eradicated in a farmed red deer herd in the north of England, following sustained tuberculin skin testing supplemented with serological (antibody) tests over a period of approximately two years. By taking advantage of the anamnestic antibody response produced by the skin test to detect skin test-negative, antibody-positive infected individuals, a total of 35 additional animals were identified, including 2 with gross visible lesions typical of bovine tuberculosis (BTB)...
January 18, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100706/oscul3a-negatively-regulates-cell-death-and-immunity-by-degrading-osnpr1-in-rice
#2
Qun-En Liu, Yuese Ning, Yingxin Zhang, Ning Yu, Chunde Zhao, Xiaodeng Zhan, Weixun Wu, Daibo Chen, Xiangjin Wei, Guo-Liang Wang, Shihua Cheng, Liyong Cao
Cullin3-based RING E3 ubiquitin ligases (CRL3), composed of Cullin3 (CUL3), RBX1, and BTB proteins, are involved in plant immunity but the function of CUL3 in the process is largely unknown. Here, we show that rice OsCUL3a is important for the regulation of cell death and immunity. The rice lesion mimic mutant oscul3a displays a significant increase in the accumulation of flg22- and chitin-induced reactive oxygen species, and in pathogenesis-related gene expression as well as resistance to Magnaporthe oryzae and Xanthomonas oryzae pv...
January 18, 2017: Plant Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099425/genetic-ablation-of-bach1-gene-enhances-recovery-from-hyperoxic-lung-injury-in-newborn-mice-via-transient-upregulation-of-inflammatory-genes
#3
Masato Ito, Nobuhiko Nagano, Yukio Arai, Ryo Ogawa, Shingo Kobayashi, Yukiko Motojima, Hayato Go, Masanori Tamura, Kazuhiko Igarashi, Phyllis A Dennery, Fumihiko Namba
BACKGROUND: BTB and CNC homology 1 (Bach1) is a transcriptional repressor of heme oxygenase (HO)-1. The effects of Bach1 disruption on hyperoxic lung injury in newborn mice have not been determined. We aimed to investigate the role of Bach1 in the newborns exposed to hyperoxia. METHODS: Bach1(-/-) and WT newborn mice were exposed to 21% or 95% oxygen for 4 days and were then allowed to recover in room air. Lung histology was assessed and lung Bach1, HO-1, IL-6, and monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP)-1 mRNA levels were evaluated using RT-PCR...
January 18, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089289/evaluation-of-five-serologic-assays-for-bovine-tuberculosis-surveillance-in-domestic-free-range-pigs-from-southern-spain
#4
Fernando Cardoso-Toset, Inmaculada Luque, Librado Carrasco, Francisco Jurado-Martos, María Ángeles Risalde, Ángel Venteo, José A Infantes-Lorenzo, Javier Bezos, Paloma Rueda, Istar Tapia, Christian Gortázar, Lucas Domínguez, Mercedes Domínguez, Jaime Gomez-Laguna
In countries where bovine tuberculosis (bTB) is still prevalent the contact among different animal species in extensive systems contributes to the circulation of Mycobacterium bovis (M. bovis) and other members of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTC). Thus, free-range pigs can develop subclinical infections and may contribute to disease spread to bovine and wildlife. Serodiagnosis has been proposed as a screening tool for detecting infected pig herds; however, the value of this method to obtain an accurate diagnosis in this species is still not clear...
December 29, 2016: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077756/developing-a-risk-based-trading-scheme-for-cattle-in-england-farmer-perspectives-on-managing-trading-risk-for-bovine-tuberculosis
#5
R Little, K Wheeler, S Edge
This paper examines farmer attitudes towards the development of a voluntary risk-based trading scheme for cattle in England as a risk mitigation measure for bovine tuberculosis (bTB). The research reported here was commissioned to gather evidence on the type of scheme that would have a good chance of success in improving the information farmers receive about the bTB risk of cattle they buy. Telephone interviews were conducted with a stratified random sample of 203 cattle farmers in England, splitting the interviews equally between respondents in the high-risk area and low-risk area for bTB...
January 11, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069201/pulsed-wave-low-dose-ultrasound-hyperthermia-selectively-enhances-nanodrug-delivery-and-improves-antitumor-efficacy-for-brain-metastasis-of-breast-cancer
#6
Sheng-Kai Wu, Chi-Feng Chiang, Yu-Hone Hsu, Houng-Chi Liou, Wen-Mei Fu, Win-Li Lin
The clinical application of chemotherapeutics for brain tumors remains a challenge due to limitation of blood-brain barrier/blood-tumor barrier (BBB/BTB). In this study, we investigated the effects of low-dose focused ultrasound hyperthermia (UH) on the delivery and therapeutic efficacy of pegylated liposomal doxorubicin (PLD) for brain metastasis of breast cancer. Murine breast cancer cells (4T1-luc2) expressing firefly luciferase were implanted into mouse striatum as a brain tumor model. The mice were intravenously injected with PLD with/without transcranial pulsed-wave/continuous-wave UH (pUH/cUH) treatment on day-6 after tumor implantation...
May 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064106/neuroprotective-effects-of-erythropoietin-against-sevoflurane-induced-neuronal-apoptosis-in-primary-rat-cortical-neurons-involving-the-epor-erk1-2-nrf2-bach1-signal-pathway
#7
Dong-Xue Zhang, Li-Min Zhang, Xiao-Chun Zhao, Wenbo Sun
OBJECTIVE: Erythropoietin (EPO)-induced activation of the EPO receptor (EPOR) against sevoflurane-induced neuronal apoptosis is an effective intervention, but the underlying mechanism is poorly understood. Previous studies have shown that alteration of the nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor (Nrf2)/BTB-to-CNC homology 1 (Bach1) ratio by extracellular signal-related kinases (Erk) 1/2 ameliorates the oxidative stress which occurs in human macrophages. In this study, we determined whether or not EPO attenuates sevoflurane-induced neuronal apoptosis via the EPOR-Erk1/2-Nrf2/Bach1 signal pathway...
January 5, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060381/kctd2-an-adaptor-of-cullin3-e3-ubiquitin-ligase-suppresses-gliomagenesis-by-destabilizing-c-myc
#8
Eun-Jung Kim, Sung-Hak Kim, Xiong Jin, Xun Jin, Hyunggee Kim
Cullin3 E3 ubiquitin ligase ubiquitinates a wide range of substrates through substrate-specific adaptors Bric-a-brac, Tramtrack, and Broad complex (BTB) domain proteins. These E3 ubiquitin ligase complexes are involved in diverse cellular functions. Our recent study demonstrated that decreased Cullin3 expression induces glioma initiation and correlates with poor prognosis of patients with malignant glioma. However, the substrate recognition mechanism associated with tumorigenesis is not completely understood...
January 6, 2017: Cell Death and Differentiation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057115/-effects-of-extracellular-regulated-protein-kinases-protein-and-impairment-of-blood-testis-barriar-stucturein-of-mice-with-exposure-to-decabromodiphenyl-ether
#9
J Li, R X Dai, D J Chen, C M Wang, H F Lin, Y R Li, J Tang, J X Zhai
Objective: To study changes in expression of claudin-11 and proteins related to mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathways, as well as the ultrastructure of the blood testis barrier (BTB), in male ICR mice exposed to decabromodiphenyl ether (BDE-209). Methods: Fifty-two mice, 4 weeks of age, weighing 15-21 g, were provided with adaptive feeding for 1 week. Mice were randomly divided into 4 groups, named control, low-dose, medium-dose and high-dose groups. The treated groups received BDE-209, by intragastric gavage, at doses, respectively, of 100, 300 and 500 mg/kg...
December 6, 2016: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056034/btb-back-domain-protein-pob1-suppresses-immune-cell-death-by-targeting-ubiquitin-e3-ligase-pub17-for-degradation
#10
Beatriz Orosa, Qin He, Joelle Mesmar, Eleanor M Gilroy, Hazel McLellan, Chengwei Yang, Adam Craig, Mark Bailey, Cunjin Zhang, Jonathan David Moore, Petra C Boevink, Zhendong Tian, Paul R J Birch, Ari Sadanandom
Hypersensitive response programmed cell death (HR-PCD) is a critical feature in plant immunity required for pathogen restriction and prevention of disease development. The precise control of this process is paramount to cell survival and an effective immune response. The discovery of new components that function to suppress HR-PCD will be instrumental in understanding the regulation of this fundamental mechanism. Here we report the identification and characterisation of a BTB domain E3 ligase protein, POB1, that functions to suppress HR-PCD triggered by evolutionarily diverse pathogens...
January 5, 2017: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043632/mycobacterial-coinfection-and-persisting-bovine-tuberculosis-has-the-time-arrived-for-a-policy-review
#11
Nader Mosavari, Morad Moradi Geravand, Keyvan Tadayon, Rohollah Keshavarz
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Bovine tuberculosis (BTb) is mainly a disease of cattle, although it continues to infect human populations across the world. Operation of a test and slaughter plan in Iran since 1981 has lowered the frequency of BTb from >5% to <0.14% at the national scale. In 2015, unusual uncontrollable epidemics of BTb were detected in two cattle farms in municipal suburbs of Qazvin and Isfahan. These farms had a tuberculin-test-certified record of BTb-free status for the past 5 consecutive years, with no new cattle registered with either of the two herds during this time period...
December 2016: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043585/occurrence-of-zoonotic-tuberculosis-in-occupationally-exposed-high-risk-groups-in-peshawar-pakistan
#12
Irfan Khattak, Muhammad H Mushtaq, Sultan Ayaz, Mansur U D Ahmad, Sadeeq U Rahman
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: To determine the occurrence of active pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) due to Mycobacterium bovis in abattoir workers, butchers, livestock farmers, and veterinarians and to document their knowledge and practices regarding bovine TB (bTB). METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among abattoir workers, butchers, livestock farmers, veterinary doctors, and veterinary assistants. Sputum samples were collected from the respondents with a chronic cough and data on sociodemographic conditions, knowledge, and practices regarding TB were obtained...
December 2016: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038883/orbital-fracture-repair-outcomes-with-preformed-titanium-mesh-implants-and-comparison-to-porous-polyethylene-coated-titanium-sheets
#13
Michelle Y Peng, Shannath L Merbs, Michael P Grant, Nicholas R Mahoney
BACKGROUND: Restoration of orbital volume after internal orbital fractures can prevent enophthalmos. A variety of allografts are commonly used including titanium mesh with and without porous polyethylene coating. Some controversy exists over the use of uncoated titanium mesh in the orbit. Newer products contoured to the three dimensional orbital anatomy aim to improve reestablishment of the complex orbital shape though studies of outcomes with their use are limited. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed to evaluate surgical outcomes in all patients who underwent orbital fracture repair with DePuy/Synthes titanium MatrixMIDFACE prefabricated implants (PFTi) as compared with porous polyethylene/titanium hybrid implants (PPETi) including Stryker Medpor Titan, MTB, and BTB implants...
December 3, 2016: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030830/ikaros-regulation-of-the-bcl6-bach2-axis-and-its-clinical-relevance-in-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia
#14
Zheng Ge, Xilian Zhou, Yan Gu, Qi Han, Jianyong Li, Baoan Chen, Qinyu Ge, Elanora Dovat, Jonathon L Payne, Tianyu Sun, Chunhua Song, Sinisa Dovat
B-Cell CLL/Lymphoma 6 (BCL6) is a proto-oncogene that is highly expressed in acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). BTB and CNC Homology 1 Basic Leucine Zipper Transcription Factor 2 (BACH2) is a suppressor of transcription. The BACH2-BCL6 balance controls selection at the pre-B cell receptor checkpoint by regulating p53 expression. However, the underlying mechanism and the clinical relevance of the BCL6/BACH2 axis are unknown. Here, we found that Ikaros, a tumor suppressor encoded by IKZF1, directly binds to both the BCL6 and BACH2 promoters where it suppresses BCL6 and promotes BACH2 expression in B-cell ALL (B-ALL) cells...
December 20, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027717/efficiency-of-slaughterhouse-surveillance-for-the-detection-of-bovine-tuberculosis-in-cattle-in-northern-ireland
#15
A V Pascual-Linaza, A W Gordon, L A Stringer, F D Menzies
Post-mortem examination continues to play an important surveillance role in the bovine tuberculosis (bTB) eradication programme in Northern Ireland. It is estimated that 18-28% of new bTB herd breakdowns are disclosed by the detection of bTB lesions in animals routinely slaughtered. The purpose of this study was to compare the performance of different slaughterhouses in Northern Ireland in detecting bTB-lesioned animals at routine slaughter (LRS) and to apply the findings to maximize the sensitivity of bTB slaughterhouse surveillance...
December 28, 2016: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007592/colostrum-proinflammatory-cytokines-as-biomarkers-of-bovine-immune-response-to-bovine-tuberculosis-btb
#16
Eduardo Sánchez-Soto, Rosa Ponce-Ramos, Rodolfo Hernández-Gutiérrez, Abel Gutiérrez-Ortega, Angel H Álvarez, Moisés Martínez-Velázquez, Angel E Absalón, Pablo Ortiz-Lazareno, Alberto Limón-Flores, Ciro Estrada-Chávez, Sara E Herrera-Rodríguez
Bovine colostrum contains compounds, which provide passive immune protection from mother to newborn calves. Little is known about cytokine levels and their role in bovine colostrum. Moreover, the capacity of bovine colostrum cells to mount specific immune responses after natural exposure to bovine tuberculosis (bTB) antigens in dairy herds has not been studied, thus far. The purpose of this study was to identify biomarkers for bTB infection measurable in bovine colostrum. The present study reveals that isolated-immune colostrum cells can mount a specific immune response against bTB antigens, by measuring the novo IFN-γ release in cell culture...
December 19, 2016: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999449/the-ratio-of-hmox1-nrf2-mrna-level-in-the-tumor-tissue-is-a-predictor-of-distant-metastasis-in-colorectal-cancer
#17
Liang-Che Chang, Chung-Wei Fan, Wen-Ko Tseng, Hui-Ping Chein, Tsan-Yu Hsieh, Jim-Ray Chen, Cheng-Cheng Hwang, Chung-Ching Hua
Heme oxygenase 1 (Hmox1) plays an important role in the growth and spread of tumor, and its expression is regulated positively by Nrf2 [nuclear factor (erythroid-derived 2)-like 2; NFE2L2] and negatively by kelch-like ECH-associated protein 1 (Keap1) and by BTB and CNC homology 1 (Bach1). Both Hmox1 and Nrf2 contribute to distant metastasis of cancer. The mRNA levels of Hmox1, Nrf2, Keap1, and Bach1 in the tumor and normal tissues of 84 subjects with colorectal cancer (CRC) were determined by real-time polymerase chain reaction...
2016: Disease Markers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992174/bottom-up-electrochemical-fabrication-of-conjugated-ultrathin-layers-with-tailored-switchable-properties
#18
Verena Stockhausen, Van Quyen Nguyen, Pascal Martin, Jean Christophe Lacroix
A bottom-up electrochemical process for fabricating conjugated ultrathin layers with tailored switchable properties is developed. Ultrathin layers of covalently grafted oligo(bisthienylbenzene) (oligo(BTB)) are used as switchable organic electrodes, and 3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene (EDOT) is oxidized on this layer. Adding only a few (less than 3) nanometers of EDOT moieties (5 to 6 units ) completely changes the switching properties of the layer without changing the surface concentration of the electroactive species...
December 19, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988853/status-of-bovine-tuberculosis-and-its-zoonotic-implications-in-borana-zone-southern-ethiopia
#19
Ararsa Duguma, Shubisa Abera, Wubishet Zewdie, Dinaol Belina, Godana Haro
A cross-sectional study was carried out from April 2015 to June 2016 to estimate the status of bovine tuberculosis (BTB), assessment of community's current knowledge, and zoonotic importance on this disease in Borana zone, southern Ethiopia. In this study, comparative intradermal tuberculin (CIDT) test, structured questionnaires, and retrospective data were used, while the result indicated 3.8% prevalence at individual animal level with 5.6% (31/554) of doubtful reactors. Among related risk factors included, old animals were significantly infected by BTB than young one (χ (2) = 32...
December 17, 2016: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27983982/mir-24-suppression-of-poz-btb-and-at-hook-containing-zinc-finger-protein-1-patz1-protects-endothelial-cell-from-diabetic-damage
#20
Yan-Xiang Cui, Yu-Zhong Hua, Ning Wang, Xun Chen, Fang Wang, Jun-Ying Liu, Lei-Lei Wang, Chang-You Yan, Yang-Guo Ma, Yun-He Cao, Xiu-Hua Zhang
The regulatory transcriptional factor PATZ1 is abnormally up-regulated in diabetic endothelial cells (ECs) where it acts as an anti-angiogenic factor via modulation of fatty acid-binding protein 4 (FABP4) signaling. The aim of the present work was to elucidate the upstream molecular events regulating PATZ1 expression in diabetic angiogenesis. The bioinformatics search for microRNAs (miRNAs) able to potentially target PATZ1 led to the identification of several miRNAs. Among them we focused on the miR-24 since the multiple targets of miR-24, which have so far been identified in beta cells, cardiomyocytes and macrophages, are all involved in diabetic complications...
October 28, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
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