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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904792/current-concepts-and-treatment-of-patellofemoral-compressive-issues
#1
Michael J Mullaney, Takumi Fukunaga
Patellofemoral disorders, commonly encountered in sports and orthopedic rehabilitation settings, may result from dysfunction in patellofemoral joint compression. Osseous and soft tissue factors, as well as the mechanical interaction of the two, contribute to increased patellofemoral compression and pain. Treatment of patellofemoral compressive issues is based on identification of contributory impairments. Use of reliable tests and measures is essential in detecting impairments in hip flexor, quadriceps, iliotibial band, hamstrings, and gastrocnemius flexibility, as well as in joint mobility, myofascial restrictions, and proximal muscle weakness...
December 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790051/astym-therapy-improves-bilateral-hamstring-flexibility-and-achilles-tendinopathy-in-a-child-with-cerebral-palsy-a-retrospective-case-report
#2
Nicole A Scheer, Lucas R Alstat, Robert S Van Zant
PURPOSE: The purpose of this case report was to describe the use of Astym therapy to improve hamstring flexibility and Achilles tendinopathy in a child with cerebral palsy. CASE DESCRIPTION: An eight-year-old female with cerebral palsy was referred to physical therapy for the treatment of bilateral hamstring inflexibility and Achilles tendinopathy. Treatment focused on an Astym therapy protocol of eccentric exercise, stretching, active and passive range of motion, gait training, and a home exercise program...
2016: Clinical Medicine Insights. Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736289/acute-effects-of-foam-rolling-static-stretching-and-dynamic-stretching-during-warm-ups-on-muscular-flexibility-and-strength-in-young-adults
#3
Hsuan Su, Nai-Jen Chang, Wen-Lan Wu, Lan-Yuen Guo, I-Hua Chu
CONTEXT: Foam rolling has been proposed to improve muscle function, performance, and joint range of motion (ROM). However, whether a foam rolling protocol can be adopted as a warm-up to improve flexibility and muscle strength is unclear. OBJECTIVE: To examine and compare the acute effects of foam rolling, static stretching, and dynamic stretching used as part of warm-up on flexibility and muscle strength of knee flexion and extension. DESIGN: Crossover study...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27632844/changes-in-hamstring-range-of-motion-following-neurodynamic-sciatic-sliders-a-critically-appraised-topic
#4
Robert J Bonser, Christy L Hancock, Bethany L Hansberger, Rick A Loutsch, Eric K Stanford, Alli K Zeigel, Russell T Baker, James May, Alan Nasypany, Scott Cheatham
Clinical Scenario: Hamstring tightness is a common condition leading to dysfunctional or restricted movement that is often treated with stretching. Neurodynamics has been proposed as an alternative to stretching by targeting the neural system rather than muscle tissue. Focused Clinical Question: In an active population, what is the effect of using neurodynamic sliders compared to stretching on traditional measures of range of motion? Summary of Key Findings: The authors of a well-designed study identified that neurodynamic sliders were more effective than static stretching, while the authors of two less well-designed studies reported no difference with static stretching or that proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation stretching was more effective than neurodynamic sliders...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27632826/self-mobilization-using-a-foam-roller-versus-a-roller-massager-which-is-more-effective-for-increasing-hamstrings-flexibility
#5
Danielle M DeBruyne, Marina M Dewhurst, Katelyn M Fischer, Michael S Wojtanowski, Chris Dural
: Clinical Scenario: Increasing the length of the muscle-tendon unit may prevent musculotendinous injury. Various methods have been proposed to increase muscle-tendon flexibility, including self-mobilization using foam rollers or roller-massagers, although the effectiveness of these devices is uncertain. This review was conducted to determine if the use of foam rollers or roller-massagers to improve hamstrings flexibility is supported by moderate- to high-quality evidence. CLINICAL QUESTION: Are foam rollers or roller-massagers effective for increasing hamstrings flexibility in asymptomatic, physically active adults? ...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27601786/physical-performance-of-elite-and-subelite-spanish-female-futsal-players
#6
D J Ramos-Campo, J A Rubio-Arias, M Carrasco-Poyatos, P E Alcaraz
The aim of this study was to determine the parameters distinguishing top female futsal players from lower level players. Twenty-seven female futsal players participated in the study, composed of professional first division (elite; n = 15) players and semi-professional second division players (sub-elite; n = 14). Active and passive straight leg raise tests, isokinetic strength of the knee extensor and flexor muscles at 60° · s(-1) angular velocity, squat and counter movement jumps, 30 m sprint, 30 m agility, repeated sprint ability test and maximum ball speed during shooting were measured...
September 2016: Biology of Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27472859/acute-effect-of-different-time-periods-of-passive-static-stretching-on-the-hamstring-flexibility
#7
Anelize Cini, Gabriela Souza de Vasconcelos, Claudia Silveira Lima
BACKGROUND: Several factors are associated with the presence of chronic low back pain; one of them is the flexibility of the hamstring muscles that influences the posture of the pelvic spine. OBJECTIVE: Investigate the influence of two different time periods of passive static stretching on the flexibility of the hamstring. METHODS: Forty-six physiotherapy students were divided into two groups performing stretching exercises: 30 s and 60 s duration...
July 21, 2016: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27410769/effect-of-high-and-low-flexibility-levels-on-physical-fitness-and-neuromuscular-properties-in-professional-soccer-players
#8
E Rey, A Padrón-Cabo, R Barcala-Furelos, M Mecías-Calvo
This study aimed to analyse the impact of high and low flexibility levels of hamstring and quadriceps muscles on physical fitness and neuromuscular properties in professional soccer players. 62 male professional soccer players participated in this study and performed 2 instrumented flexibility tests (passive straight leg raise [PSLR] and quadriceps flexibility [QF]). Anaerobic performance was assessed using countermovement jump (CMJ), Abalakov vertical jump, 20-m sprint, and Balsom agility test. A k-means cluster analysis was performed to identify a cut-off value of hamstring and quadriceps flexibility and classify players as high hamstring flexibility (HHF) and low hamstring flexibility (LHF) or high quadriceps flexibility (HQF) and low quadriceps flexibility (LQF), respectively, according to the PSLR and QF performances...
October 2016: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27390420/immediate-effect-of-stretching-and-ultrasound-on-hamstring-flexibility-and-proprioception
#9
Sung-Hak Cho, Soo-Han Kim
[Purpose] This research explored the positive effects of self-myofascial release on hamstring muscular flexibility and proprioception and investigated the effectiveness of the stretch combined with therapeutic ultrasound. [Subjects and Methods] This study included 30 healthy university students with no history of pain in the Achilles tendon or hamstring within the recent 6 months. Each participant completed two experiments. In the first experiment (MS), they completed self-myofascial stretching using a foam roller for 7 days...
June 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27299583/changes-in-hamstring-range-of-motion-following-neurodynamic-sciatic-sliders-a-critically-appraised-topic
#10
Robert J Bonser, Christy L Hancock, Bethany L Hansberger, Rick A Loutsch, Eric K Stanford, Alli K Zeigel, Russell T Baker, James May, Alan Nasypany, Scott W Cheatham
CLINICAL SCENARIO: Hamstring tightness is a common condition leading to dysfunctional or restricted movement that is often treated with stretching. Neurodynamics has been proposed as an alternative to stretching by targeting the neural system rather than muscle tissue. Focused Clinical Question: In an active population, what is the effect of using neurodynamic sliders compared to stretching on traditional measures of range of motion? Summary of Key Findings: The authors of a well-designed study identified that neurodynamic sliders were more effective than static stretching, while the authors of two less well-designed studies reported no difference with static stretching or that proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation stretching was more effective than neurodynamic sliders...
June 14, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27155332/lumbopelvic-flexibility-modulates-neuromuscular-responses-during-trunk-flexion-extension
#11
Daniel Sánchez-Zuriaga, Carla Artacho-Pérez, Gemma Biviá-Roig
Various stimuli such as the flexibility of lumbopelvic structures influence the neuromuscular responses of the trunk musculature, leading to different load sharing strategies and reflex muscle responses from the afferents of lumbopelvic mechanoreceptors. This link between flexibility and neuromuscular response has been poorly studied. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between lumbopelvic flexibility and neuromuscular responses of the erector spinae, hamstring and abdominal muscles during trunk flexion-extension...
June 2016: Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27140960/self-mobilization-using-a-foam-roller-versus-a-roller-massager-which-is-more-effective-for-increasing-hamstrings-flexibility
#12
Danielle M DeBruyne, Marina M Dewhurst, Katelyn M Fischer, Michael S Wojtanowski, Chris Dural
: Clinical Scenario: Increasing the length of the muscle-tendon unit may prevent musculotendinous injury. Various methods have been proposed to increase muscle-tendon flexibility, including self-mobilization using foam rollers or roller-massagers, although the effectiveness of these devices is uncertain. This review was conducted to determine if the use of foam rollers or roller-massagers to improve hamstrings flexibility is supported by moderate- to high-quality evidence. CLINICAL QUESTION: Are foam rollers or roller-massagers effective for increasing hamstrings flexibility in asymptomatic, physically active adults? ...
May 2, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26826915/comprehensive-assessment-of-physical-functioning-in-bariatric-surgery-candidates-compared-with-subjects-without-obesity
#13
Rahel Waldburger, Bernd Schultes, Runa Zazai, Barbara Ernst, Martin Thurnheer, Christina M Spengler, Britta Wilms
BACKGROUND: Obesity appears to be associated with reduced physical performance, but comprehensive assessments of physical functioning are lacking in subjects with severe obesity, in particular in comparison with subjects without obesity. This precludes an objective assessment of the degree of impairment. OBJECTIVE: To compare motor skills and cardiopulmonary fitness between subjects with severe obesity (OB) (i.e., candidates for bariatric surgery) and control subjects without obesity (non-OB)...
March 2016: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26644667/immediate-effect-of-passive-and-active-stretching-on-hamstrings-flexibility-a-single-blinded-randomized-control-trial
#14
Yuichi Nishikawa, Junya Aizawa, Naohiko Kanemura, Tetsuya Takahashi, Naohisa Hosomi, Hirofumi Maruyama, Hiroaki Kimura, Masayasu Matsumoto, Kiyomi Takayanagi
[Purpose] This study compared the efficacy of passive and active stretching techniques on hamstring flexibility. [Subjects] Fifty-four healthy young subjects were randomly assigned to one of three groups (2 treatment groups and 1 control group). [Methods] Subjects in the passive stretching group had their knees extended by an examiner while lying supine 90° of hip flexion. In the same position, subjects in the active stretching group extended their knees. The groups performed 3 sets of the assigned stretch, with each stretch held for 10 seconds at the point where tightness in the hamstring muscles was felt...
October 2015: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26609965/effects-of-high-impact-aerobics-vs-mixed-low-impact-aerobics-and-strength-training-program-on-body-composition-physical-fitness-and-cvd-risk-factors-in-overweight-and-obese-grade-i-women
#15
S A Mohamed, N Lamya, N Olfa, M Hamda
BACKGROUND: regular exercise is one of the factors determining weight reduction and fat loss, and at the same time it is associated with important health benefits. The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of 2 different modalities of exercise on changes in body composition, physical fitness, and CVR factors in healthy overweight and obese women. METHODS: Thirty-two women were randomly assigned in 2 groups: High impact aerobics group (HIA, n=16) and Low- impact aerobics combined with a strength training program group (LIAS, n=16)...
November 26, 2015: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26473443/is-pilates-exercise-program-effective-on-balance-flexibility-and-muscle-endurance-randomized-controlled-study
#16
S Kibar, F O Yardimci, D Evcik, S Ay, A Alhan, M Manço, E S Ergin
AIM: This randomized controlled study aims to determine the effect of pilates mat exercises on dynamic and static balance, hamstring flexibility, abdominal muscle activity and endurance in healthy adults. METHODS: Female healthy volunteer university students randomly assigned into two groups Group1 recieved pilates program for an hour two times a week. Group2 continued daily activities as control group. Dynamic and static balance were evaluated by Sport Kinesthetic Ability Trainer (KAT) 4000 device...
October 16, 2015: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26467242/in-vivo-relationship-between-pelvis-motion-and-deep-fascia-displacement-of-the-medial-gastrocnemius-anatomical-and-functional-implications
#17
Carlos Cruz-Montecinos, Alberto González Blanche, David López Sánchez, Mauricio Cerda, Rodolfo Sanzana-Cuche, Antonio Cuesta-Vargas
Different authors have modelled myofascial tissue connectivity over a distance using cadaveric models, but in vivo models are scarce. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between pelvic motion and deep fascia displacement in the medial gastrocnemius (MG). Deep fascia displacement of the MG was evaluated through automatic tracking with an ultrasound. Angular variation of the pelvis was determined by 2D kinematic analysis. The average maximum fascia displacement and pelvic motion were 1.501 ± 0...
November 2015: Journal of Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26313580/agreement-between-face-to-face-and-free-software-video-analysis-for-assessing-hamstring-flexibility-in-adolescents
#18
José A Moral-Muñoz, Bernabé Esteban-Moreno, Manuel Arroyo-Morales, Manuel J Cobo, Enrique Herrera-Viedma
The objective of this study was to determine the level of agreement between face-to-face hamstring flexibility measurements and free software video analysis in adolescents. Reduced hamstring flexibility is common in adolescents (75% of boys and 35% of girls aged 10). The length of the hamstring muscle has an important role in both the effectiveness and the efficiency of basic human movements, and reduced hamstring flexibility is related to various musculoskeletal conditions. There are various approaches to measuring hamstring flexibility with high reliability; the most commonly used approaches in the scientific literature are the sit-and-reach test, hip joint angle (HJA), and active knee extension...
September 2015: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26231151/the-effectiveness-of-pilates-for-partial-anterior-cruciate-ligament-injury
#19
Derya Çelik, Nilgun Turkel
PURPOSE: This study explored the effects of Pilates on the muscle strength, function, and instability of patients with partial anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries in situations in which a non-surgical treatment option is preferred. METHODS: Fifty participants 20-45 years of age who were diagnosed with isolated ACL injuries were included in the study. The participants were randomly assigned to either the Pilates exercise group (n = 24) or the control group (n = 26)...
August 1, 2015: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26133498/precise-risk-factors-for-osgood-schlatter-disease
#20
Junsuke Nakase, Kenichi Goshima, Hitoaki Numata, Takeshi Oshima, Yasushi Takata, Hiroyuki Tsuchiya
INTRODUCTION: A number of studies have examined the risk factors for Osgood-Schlatter disease (OSD). Studies on risk factors have not necessarily accurately demonstrated the risk factors of this disease because they were not prospective cohort studies or the populations in the studies were not categorized by the skeletal maturation of the tibial tuberosity. We can identify the precise risk factors for OSD by performing a prospective cohort study of a group of asymptomatic patients in particular times of adolescent using ultrasonography...
September 2015: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
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