keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

spinal curvatures

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896816/altered-pharyngeal-structure-and-dynamics-among-patients-with-cervical-kyphosis
#1
Derrick R Randall, E Brandon Strong, Peter C Belafsky
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Deformities of the anterior cervical spine are an established cause of dysphagia. Whereas osteophytes and spinal fusion hardware have been reported to alter bolus flow and contribute to swallowing dysfunction, the relationship between abnormal spine curvature and swallowing dysfunction is not established. The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate the association between cervical kyphosis and objective measures of swallowing dysfunction on videofluoroscopy...
November 29, 2016: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886715/a-software-program-to-measure-the-three-dimensional-length-of-the-spine-from-radiographic-images-validation-and-reliability-assessment-for-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis
#2
Steve Berger, Carol-Claudius Hasler, Caroline A Grant, Guoyan Zheng, Steffen Schumann, Philippe Büchler
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to validate a new program which aims at measuring the three-dimensional length of the spine's midline based on two calibrated orthogonal radiographic images. The traditional uniplanar T1-S1 measurement method is not reflecting the actual three dimensional curvature of a scoliotic spine and is therefore not accurate. The Spinal Measurement Software (SMS) is an alternative to conveniently measure the true spine's length. METHODS: The validity, inter- and intra-observer variability and usability of the program were evaluated...
January 2017: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886017/influence-of-proprioceptive-insoles-on-spinal-curvature-in-patients-with-slight-idiopathic-scoliosis
#3
Christine Noll, Vanessa Steitz, Dorothea Daentzer
PURPOSE: Proprioceptive insoles are known to influence the functions of posture and gait by modulations of the sensory structures at the sole of the foot. Literature has shown that they could improve the position of the upper-body in patients with postural complaints of the musculoskeletal system. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of proprioceptive insoles on the spinal curvature in patients with slight idiopathic scoliosis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eighteen patients were included in this prospective, single-centre, randomized study...
November 18, 2016: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885472/a-prospective-randomized-trial-comparing-anterior-cervical-discectomy-and-fusion-versus-plate-only-open-door-laminoplasty-for-the-treatment-of-spinal-stenosis-in-degenerative-diseases
#4
Yun-Qi Jiang, Xi-Lei Li, Xiao-Gang Zhou, Chong Bian, Han-Ming Wang, Jian-Ming Huang, Jian Dong
OBJECTIVE: For three or more involved cervical levels, there is a debate over which approach yields the best outcomes for the treatment of multilevel cervical degenerative disease. Our objective is to compare the radiological and clinical outcomes of two treatments for multilevel cervical degenerative disease: anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) versus plate-only open-door laminoplasty (laminoplasty). METHODS: Patients were randomized on a 1:1 randomization schedule with 17 patients in the ACDF group and 17 patients in the laminoplasty group...
November 24, 2016: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875411/comparing-the-effectiveness-of-sagittal-balance-foraminal-stenosis-and-preoperative-cord-rotation-in-predicting-postoperative-c5-palsy
#5
Arunit J S Chugh, Douglas S Weinberg, Fernando Alonso, Jason D Eubanks
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort review. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether preoperative cord rotation is independently correlated with C5 palsy when analyzed alongside measures of sagittal balance and foraminal stenosis. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Postoperative C5 palsy is a well-documented complication of cervical procedures with a prevalence of 4%-8%. Recent studies have shown a correlation with preoperative spinal cord rotation. There have been few studies, however, that have examined the role of sagittal balance and foraminal stenosis in the development of C5 palsy...
November 21, 2016: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872851/developmental-toxicity-of-carbon-quantum-dots-to-the-embryos-larvae-of-rare-minnow-gobiocypris-rarus
#6
Yuan-Yuan Xiao, Li Liu, Yao Chen, Yu-Lian Zeng, Ming-Zhi Liu, Li Jin
The toxic effects of CDs on rare minnow (Gobiocypris rarus) embryos at different developmental stages were investigated. The results showed that rare minnow embryos had decreased spontaneous movements, body length, increased heart rate, pericardial edema, yolk sac edema, tail/spinal curvature, various morphological malformations, and decreased hatching rate. Biochemical analysis showed the CDs exposure significantly inhibited the activity of Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase and Ca(2+)-ATPase and increased the MDA contents and the activity of SOD, CAT, and GPX...
2016: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861214/body-mass-hides-the-curve-thoracic-scoliometer-readings-vary-by-body-mass-index-value
#7
Adam Margalit, Greg McKean, Adam Constantine, Carol B Thompson, Rushyuan Jay Lee, Paul D Sponseller
BACKGROUND: Guidelines suggest referral for scoliosis when rib slope (scoliometer measurement, angle of trunk rotation) is ≥7 degrees. We hypothesized that overweight and obese patients would have lower scoliometer measurements compared with normal-weight and underweight patients for a given spinal curvature, causing overweight and obese patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis to present for treatment later and with larger curves. Our goal was to determine the association between scoliometer readings and major curve magnitudes in relation to body mass index (BMI)...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859714/genetic-studies-of-endophenotypes-from-spine-ct-scans-provide-novel-insights-into-the-contribution-of-mechanosensory-pathways-to-vertebral-fractures-and-spinal-curvature
#8
Jon H Tobias, Celia L Gregson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 9, 2016: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858238/instrumentation-failure-following-pedicle-subtraction-osteotomy-the-role-of-rod-material-diameter-and-multi-rod-constructs
#9
Andrea Luca, Claudia Ottardi, Maurizio Sasso, Liliana Prosdocimo, Luigi La Barbera, Marco Brayda-Bruno, Fabio Galbusera, Tomaso Villa
PURPOSE: Pedicle subtraction osteotomy (PSO) has a complication rate noticeably higher than other corrective surgical techniques used for the treatment of spinal sagittal imbalance. In particular, rod breakage and pseudoarthrosis remain burning issues of this technique. Goal of this study was to investigate the biomechanical performance of several hardware constructs. METHODS: The study was performed using two validated finite element models of the lumbosacral spine (L1-S1) incorporating a PSO on L3 and L4, respectively...
November 17, 2016: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854109/effect-of-mono-or-bisegmental-lordosizing-fusion-on-short-term-global-and-index-sagittal-balance-a-radiographic-study
#10
Enrico Tessitore, Ilaria Melloni, Oliver P Gautschi, Gianluigi Zona, Karl Schaller, Pedro Berjano
BACKGROUND: Sagittal balance is widely recognized as an important outcome factor in reconstructive spinal surgery for lumbar degenerative conditions. However, its role in short segmental fixation is unknown. The aim of this study is to evaluate the preoperative and short-term postoperative spino-pelvic balance after short (1 or 2 levels) lordosizing lumbar fusion for degenerative disc disease (DDD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-six consecutive patients (13 males and 13 females) undergoing mono- or bisegmental lordosizing lumbar fusion (XLIF/TLIF) for lumbar DDD were included in the study...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852499/does-an-internal-thoracoplasty-correct-and-prevent-a-reassertion-of-the-rib-cage-deformity-after-spine-surgery-for-an-adolescent-idiopathic-thoracic-scoliosis-greater-than-70-degrees
#11
Michael J McMaster, Marianne E McMaster
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective observational study. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of internal thoracoplasty and anterior spine release combined with posterior spinal instrumentation in correcting and preventing a reoccurrence of the rib cage deformity in adolescent idiopathic thoracic scoliosis >70 degrees. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The rib cage deformity rather than the lateral curvature of the spine is usually the major cosmetic deformity in severe adolescent idiopathic thoracic scoliosis...
January 2016: Spine Deformity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818581/minimally-invasive-surgery-in-the-treatment-of-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-a-literature-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Sandip P Tarpada, Matthew T Morris
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Spinal fusion surgery for scoliosis can be performed using a traditional open approach, or by following a minimally invasive approach. Minimally invasive surgery (MIS) is associated with theoretical advantages, such as reduced blood loss and a shorter hospital stay, yet there is no consensus in the literature with regard to the best treatment approach for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). PURPOSE: To assess the clinical outcomes of patients with AIS treated with either an open or minimally invasive approach...
March 2017: Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814317/the-response-of-the-body-when-carrying-a%C3%A2-handbag
#13
C Phonpichit, W Chansirinukor, C Akamanon
BACKGROUND: Carrying a load in hand is commonly seen in daily life. There were many studies investigating the optimal weight when carrying a backpack, however, only a few studies investigated optimal weight when carrying a bag in different ways. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the optimal weight for carrying a handbag. METHODS: This study involved 13 healthy females, randomized into four carrying weight patterns [no load, bag weight of 5% body weight (BW), 7% BW, and 10% BW] who were walking barefoot on the platform at preferable speed...
October 31, 2016: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792114/restrained-differential-growth-the-initiating-event-of-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis
#14
Tom Joris Crijns, Agnita Stadhouder, Theodoor Henri Smit
STUDY DESIGN: Experimental model study and a short review of literature. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to explore a new hypothesis suggesting that the curvatures seen in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) originate from restrained differential growth between the vertebral column and the surrounding musculo-ligamentary structures. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Despite decades of research, there is no generally accepted theory on the physical origin of the severe spinal deformations seen in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis...
October 25, 2016: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785474/idiopathic-and-normal-lateral-lumbar-curves-muscle-effects-interpreted-by-12th-rib-length-asymmetry-with-pathomechanic-implications-for-lumbar-idiopathic-scoliosis
#15
Theodoros B Grivas, R Geoffrey Burwell, Vasileios Kechagias, Christina Mazioti, Apostolos Fountas, Dimitra Kolovou, Evangelos Christodoulou
BACKGROUND: The historical view of scoliosis as a primary rotation deformity led to debate about the pathomechanic role of paravertebral muscles; particularly multifidus, thought by some to be scoliogenic, counteracting, uncertain, or unimportant. Here, we address lateral lumbar curves (LLC) and suggest a pathomechanic role for quadrates lumborum, (QL) in the light of a new finding, namely of 12th rib bilateral length asymmetry associated with idiopathic and small non-scoliosis LLC. METHODS: Group 1: The postero-anterior spinal radiographs of 14 children (girls 9, boys 5) aged 9-18, median age 13 years, with right lumbar idiopathic scoliosis (IS) and right LLC less that 10°, were studied...
2016: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785470/monitoring-of-spine-curvatures-and-posture-during-pregnancy-using-surface-topography-case-study-and-suggestion-of-method
#16
Jakub Michoński, Katarzyna Walesiak, Anna Pakuła, Wojciech Glinkowski, Robert Sitnik
BACKGROUND: Low back and pelvic pain is one of the most frequently reported disorders in pregnancy, however etiology and pathology of this problem have not been fully determined. The relationship between back pain experienced during pregnancy and posture remains unclear. It is challenging to measure reliably postural and spinal changes at the time of pregnancy, since most imaging studies cannot be used due to the radiation burden. 3D shape measurement, or surface topography (ST), systems designed for posture evaluation could potentially fill this void...
2016: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27781187/kinematic-magnetic-resonance-imaging-assessment-of-the-degenerative-cervical-spine-changes-after-anterior-decompression-and-cage-fusion
#17
Marina Obradov, Menno R Bénard, Michiel M A Janssen, Patricia G Anderson, Petra J C Heesterbeek, Maarten Spruit
Study Design A prospective cohort study. Objective Decompression and fusion of cervical vertebrae is a combined procedure that has a high success rate in relieving radicular symptoms and stabilizing or improving cervical myelopathy. However, fusion may lead to increased motion of the adjacent vertebrae and cervical deformity. Both have been postulated to lead to adjacent segment pathology (ASP). Kinematic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has been increasingly used to evaluate range of motion (ROM) of the cervical spine and ASP...
November 2016: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770801/balance-chiropractic-therapy-for-cervical-spondylotic-radiculopathy-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Feng Yang, Wen-Xiong Li, Zhu Liu, Li Liu
BACKGROUND: Cervical spondylosis is a very common disorder and cervical spondylotic radiculopathy (CSR) is the most common form of spinal degenerative disease. Its clinical manifestations focus on pain and numbness of the neck and arm as well as restricted movement of the neck, which greatly affect the patient's life and work. The orthopedic of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) theory holds that the basic pathologic change in spinal degenerative diseases is the imbalance between the dynamic system and the static system of the cervical spine...
October 22, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764749/position-of-the-major-curve-influences-asymmetrical-trunk-kinematics-during-gait-in-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis
#19
Mitsuhiro Nishida, Takeo Nagura, Nobuyuki Fujita, Naobumi Hosogane, Takashi Tsuji, Masaya Nakamura, Morio Matsumoto, Kota Watanabe
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is a structural, lateral curvature with rotation of the spine that develops around puberty. The influence of this spinal deformity on three-dimensional trunk movements during gait has not yet been elucidated. The aim of this study was to determine the influence of spinal curve pattern (single thoracic curve vs. single lumbar curve) on trunk kinematics during gait. METHODS: Twenty-two patients with a single thoracic curve (Lenke type 1) and 17 patients with a single lumbar curve (Lenke type 5) were included in this study...
October 11, 2016: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27722896/measurement-of-sternal-curvature-angle-on-patients-with-pectus-excavatum
#20
Cory Lee, Abraham Zavala-Garcia, Neha Teekappanavar, Catherine Lee, Olajire Idowu, Sunghoon Kim
BACKGROUND: Pectus excavatum (PE) is a chest deformity characterized by marked sternal depression. The objective of this study was to quantify the sternal curvature observed in patients diagnosed with PE using the sternal curvature angle (SCA). METHODS: A retrospective review of lateral chest X-rays of patients with PE from 2006 to 2013 was performed. The SCA was measured in a manner similar to the method of Cobb's angle is used to measure spinal curvature. SCA and Haller index were calculated from the chest X-rays for all patients...
October 8, 2016: Pediatric Surgery International
keyword
keyword
70980
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"