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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781379/innovative-curriculum-integrating-the-bio-behavioral-and-social-science-principles-across-the-lifestages-in-basic-science-years
#1
Anuradha Lele Mookerjee, Bradford D Fischer, Susan Cavanaugh, Vijay Rajput
Behavioral and social science integration in clinical practice improves health outcomes across the life stages. The medical school curriculum requires an integration of the behavioral and social science principles in early medical education. We developed and delivered a four-week course entitled "LifeStages" to the first year medical students. The learning objectives of the bio-behavioral and social science principles along with the cultural, economic, political, and ethical parameters were integrated across the lifespan in the curriculum matrix...
May 20, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779794/understanding-pain-and-pain-management-in-elderly-nursing-home-patients-applying-an-interprofessional-learning-activity-in-health-care-students-a-norwegian-pilot-study
#2
Elin Damsgård, Hege Solgård, Karin Johannessen, Katrine Wennevold, Gunnvald Kvarstein, Gunn Pettersen, Beate Garcia
Pain is common among elderly patients in nursing homes. However, pain assessment and treatment are inadequate. Interprofessional treatment is recommended, and consequently interprofessional education in pain management is necessary. This pilot project aimed to describe how two interprofessional groups of students approached pain management in two nursing home patients. We formed two teams comprising one student from the nursing, physical therapy, pharmacy, and medical educations. Each team spent one day examining a patient with chronic pain at a nursing home and they developed pain management plans...
May 17, 2018: Pain Management Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779623/educating-emergency-department-staff-on-the-identification-and-treatment-of-human-trafficking-victims
#3
Steven Donahue, Michael Schwien, Danielle LaVallee
INTRODUCTION: Hospitalization is one of the few circumstances in which the lives of trafficking victims intersect with the general population. Based on survivor testimonies, the majority of human trafficking victims may receive medical treatment in a hospital's emergency department while in captivity. With evidenced-based training, ED personnel have a better opportunity to screen persons who are being trafficked and intervene on their behalf. METHODS: This project examined the efficacy of an innovative, evidence-based online training module (HTEmergency...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Emergency Nursing: JEN: Official Publication of the Emergency Department Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779553/social-work-student-and-practitioner-roles-in-integrated-care-settings
#4
Erin P Fraher, Erica Lynn Richman, Lisa de Saxe Zerden, Brianna Lombardi
INTRODUCTION: Social workers are increasingly being deployed in integrated medical and behavioral healthcare settings but information about the roles they fill in these settings is not well understood. This study sought to identify the functions that social workers perform in integrated settings and identify where they acquired the necessary skills to perform them. METHODS: Master of social work students (n=21) and their field supervisors (n=21) who were part of a Health Resources and Services Administration-funded program to train and expand the behavioral health workforce in integrated settings were asked how often they engaged in 28 functions, where they learned to perform those functions, and the degree to which their roles overlapped with others on the healthcare team...
June 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779435/class-percentage-of-students-with-reading-difficulties-on-content-knowledge-and-comprehension
#5
Sharon Vaughn, Anna-Mária Fall, Greg Roberts, Jeanne Wanzek, Elizabeth Swanson, Leticia R Martinez
We examined the efficacy of a content acquisition and reading comprehension intervention implemented in eighth-grade social studies classrooms. Using a within-teacher randomized control design, 18 eighth-grade teachers' social studies classes were randomly assigned to a treatment or comparison condition. Teachers taught all their classes (treatment and comparison) using the same content; however, in the treatment classes, teachers used instructional practices that included comprehension canopy, essential words, knowledge acquisition, and team-based learning...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Learning Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776841/-medical-simulation-as-a-tool-in-the-training-of-perinatal-professionals
#6
B Tosello, J Blanc, C Kelway, V Pellegrin, E Quarello, F Comte, C Zakarian, C D'Ercole
Though technology plays an increasingly important role in modern health systems, human performance remains a major determinant of safety, effectiveness and efficiency of patient care. This is especially true in the delivery room. Thus, the training of professionals must aim not only for the acquisition of theory and practical skills on an individual basis, but also for the learning of teamwork systematically. Training health professionals with simulation enhances their theoretical knowledge and meets formal requirements in literacy, technical skills and communication...
May 15, 2018: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775978/-initiating-a-robotic-program-for-abdominal-surgery-experiences-from-a-centre-in-germany
#7
Maximilian Brunner, Klaus Matzel, Archil Aladashvili, Christian Krautz, Robert Grützmann, Roland Croner
PURPOSE: Robotic systems are becoming increasingly important in abdominal surgery. We describe the implementation of a robotic program at a German centre for abdominal surgery, with focus on feasibility, safety, patient selection, learning curves, financial aspects and the lessons learned. METHODS: This retrospective analysis covered data on patient demographics, intra- and postoperative parameters, oncological results and costs of all robotic-assisted abdominal operations performed at our institution between August 2012 to December 2016...
May 18, 2018: Zentralblatt Für Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772943/school-nurses-management-and-collaborative-practices-for-student-athletes-following-sport-related-concussion
#8
Michelle L Weber, Cailee E Welch Bacon, Tamara Valovich McLeod
The purpose of this study was to examine school nurses' management and collaboration with health-care providers (HCPs) for student-athletes following a concussion. Secondary school nurses accessed an online survey titled the Beliefs, Attitudes, and Knowledge of Pediatric Athletes with Concussions (access rate = 15.6%; n = 1,246/8,000). Approximately 40% of schools where nurses were employed administered baseline and postinjury concussion assessments. No significant differences were found between employment model (single vs...
January 1, 2018: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771976/skin-disease-prevalence-study-in-schoolchildren-in-rural-c%C3%A3-te-d-ivoire-implications-for-integration-of-neglected-skin-diseases-skin-ntds
#9
Rie Roselyne Yotsu, Kouamé Kouadio, Bamba Vagamon, Konan N'guessan, Amari Jules Akpa, Aubin Yao, Julien Aké, Rigobert Abbet Abbet, Barbine Tchamba Agbor Agbor, Roger Bedimo, Norihisa Ishii, L Claire Fuller, Roderick Hay, Oriol Mitjà, Henning Drechsler, Kingsley Asiedu
BACKGROUND: Early detection of several skin-related neglected tropical diseases (skin NTDs)-including leprosy, Buruli ulcer, yaws, and scabies- may be achieved through school surveys, but such an approach has seldom been tested systematically on a large scale in endemic countries. Additionally, a better understanding of the spectrum of skin diseases and the at-risk populations to be encountered during such surveys is necessary to facilitate the process. METHODS: We performed a school skin survey for selected NTDs and the spectrum of skin diseases, among primary schoolchildren aged 5 to 15 in Côte d'Ivoire, West Africa...
May 17, 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771803/multidisciplinary-rectal-cancer-care-in-the-united-states-lessons-learned-from-the-united-kingdom-multidisciplinary-team-model-and-future-perspectives
#10
Deborah S Keller, Steven D Wexner, Manish Chand
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 15, 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771570/how-primary-health-care-staff-working-in-rural-and-remote-areas-access-skill-development-and-expertise-to-support-health-promotion-practice
#11
Kathryn A McFarlane, Jenni Judd, Hylda Wapau, Nina Nichols, Kerrianne Watt, Sue Devine
INTRODUCTION: Health promotion is a key component of comprehensive primary health care. Health promotion approaches complement healthcare management by enabling individuals to increase control over their health. Many primary healthcare staff have a role to play in health promotion practice, but their ability to integrate health promotion into practice is influenced by their previous training and experience. For primary healthcare staff working in rural and remote locations, access to professional development can be limited by what is locally available and prohibitive in terms of cost for travel and accommodation...
May 2018: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771227/team-development-among-physician-leaders-at-the-cleveland-clinic
#12
Tracy H Porter, James K Stoller, Scott J Allen
Purpose Since 1990, the Cleveland Clinic has trained physicians in team skills through various iterations of a program called Leading in Healthcare (LHC). In the present study, the authors utilize a case study approach to gain insight into the LHC curriculum, and more specifically, the team project. The purpose of this paper is to better understand the Cleveland Clinic's position on the issue and its approach to education - specifically among physicians. Design/methodology/approach The authors utilized a case study approach with four key program architects...
May 8, 2018: Leadership in Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771202/analysing-healthcare-coordination-using-translational-mobilization
#13
Davina Allen
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to introduce translational mobilization theory (TMT) and explore its application for healthcare quality improvement purposes. Design/methodology/approach TMT is a generic sociological theory that explains how projects of collective action are progressed in complex organizational contexts. This paper introduces TMT, outlines its ontological assumptions and core components, and explores its potential value for quality improvement using rescue trajectories as an illustrative case...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Health Organization and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770551/implementing-community-participation-via-interdisciplinary-teams-in-primary-care-an-irish-case-study-in-practice
#14
Edel Tierney, Rachel McEvoy, Ailish Hannigan, Anne E MacFarlane
BACKGROUND: Community participation in primary care is enshrined in international and Irish health policy. However, there is a lack of evidence about how stakeholders work collectively to implement community participation within interdisciplinary teams; community perspectives are rarely captured, and a theoretical underpinning for implementation of community participation in primary care is absent. OBJECTIVE: To conduct a theoretically informed, multiperspectival empirical analysis of the implementation of community participation via primary care teams (PCTs) in Ireland...
May 16, 2018: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770297/current-status-and-future-perspectives-of-the-pumpkin-trial
#15
REVIEW
Iki Adachi
Similar to the adult experience, the use of continuous-flow ventricular assist devices (VADs) has been increasing in the pediatric population. According to the PediMACS registry, continuous-flow VAD currently accounts for >60% of the durable device implantations in the U.S. Nonetheless, the continuous-flow VADs currently in use are designed for adults; this inevitably causes the patient-device size mismatch issue, especially when applied for small children. Pulsatile VADs, therefore, represent the only practical option for this group of patients despite the known risk profile of pulsatile VADs...
April 2018: Translational Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764877/efficacy-of-practising-tai-chi-for-older-people-with-mild-dementia-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-study
#16
Jihui Lyu, Wenjie Li, Xiangjiang Rong, Lian Wei, Nayan Huang, Mei Champ, Qian Xiong, Xueli Chen, Mo Li, Fangling Li
INTRODUCTION: Many studies suggest that Tai Chi exercise is a safe and appropriate mind-body exercise for older people and effectively slows down age-related cognitive decline. A set of bespoke Tai Chi exercise named 'Cognition Protecting Tai Chi' (CPT) has been created for older people with cognitive impairments by the research team of geriatricians, neurologists, rehabilitation specialists, experts of sports medicine and experienced practitioners of traditional Chinese medicine. This trial is designed to evaluate its effects on cognitive function, behaviour/moods, risk of falls and activities of daily living of the participants with mild dementia...
May 14, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764641/student-preparation-time-for-traditional-lecture-versus-team-based-learning-in-a-pharmacotherapy-course
#17
Beth DeJongh, Nicia Lemoine, Elizabeth Buckley, Laura Traynor
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Determine how much time students spent preparing for traditional lecture versus team-based learning (TBL) for a pharmacotherapy course and determine if time spent in each pedagogy was within stated expectations for the course. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: Instructors used a combination of traditional lecture and TBL to deliver material. Before each lecture, instructors recorded the amount of time students spent preparing for each method using a one-question clicker-response survey...
March 2018: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764640/development-implementation-and-impact-of-a-collaborative-junior-faculty-engagement-and-professional-growth-program-the-young-faculty-leadership-initiative
#18
Adam Pate, Jennifer Smith, David Caldwell, Alexis Horace, Michelle Zagar
PURPOSE: To develop, implement, and evaluate the effect of a faculty engagement and professional growth program targeted at junior faculty members. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY: A faculty engagement and growth program based on adult learning theory was piloted in a clinical sciences department. Effect of the model was evaluated using a pre/post-survey evaluating faculty output and work engagement using the Utrecht Work Engagement Scale (UWES). FINDINGS: Average number of publications/projects with cross-campus collaboration increased (0...
March 2018: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764639/web-based-versus-face-to-face-interprofessional-team-encounters-with-standardized-patients
#19
Kelly A Lempicki, Christine S Holland
BACKGROUND: Challenges exist in developing interprofessional education (IPE) activities including coordinating schedules and obtaining appropriate space for teams to work. Virtual worlds have been explored as a means to overcome some of these challenges. We sought to develop a web-based interprofessional team interaction with a standardized patient (SP), as compared to a face-to-face SP interaction, focusing on the competency area of interprofessional communication. INTERPROFESSIONAL EDUCATION ACTIVITY: Interprofessional teams of students were randomized to complete a web-based or face-to-face SP encounter...
March 2018: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764631/introduction-to-surgical-and-perioperative-clinical-pharmacy-for-third-year-pharmacy-students-a-pilot-study-of-an-elective-course
#20
Eric G Johnson, Douglas R Oyler
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study was to implement and assess an elective course that exposes pharmacy students to clinical pharmacy in the surgical and perioperative setting. METHODS: A blended-design elective that included synchronous and asynchronous learning was developed and offered to third-year pharmacy students. Students' knowledge and perception regarding clinical topics in perioperative pharmacy was assessed using pre- and post-course assessments, online quizzes, a journal club, and course assignments...
March 2018: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
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