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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341818/medicine-as-it-should-be-teaching-team-and-teamwork-during-a-palliative-care-clerkship
#1
Barbara A Head, Christian Davis Furman, Andrew M Lally, Kimberly Leake, Mark Pfeifer
BACKGROUND: Interprofessional Education (IPE) is an important component of medical education. Rotations with palliative care interdisciplinary teams (IDTs) provide an optimal environment for IPE and teaching teamwork skills. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to assess the learning of senior medical students during a palliative care rotation. DESIGN: A constant comparison method based on grounded theory was used in this qualitative study. SETTING/SUBJECTS: Senior medical students completed a semi-structured reflective writing exercise after a required one-week palliative care clerkship...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341805/a-case-study-approach-combined-with-modified-team-based-learning-to-teach-the-progression-of-metabolic-syndrome-to-type-2-diabetes
#2
Chaya Gopalan, William Kist
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338459/an-interprofessional-collaborative-practice-approach-to-transform-heart-failure-care-an-overview
#3
Brenda K Zierler, Erin Abu-Rish Blakeney, Kevin D O'Brien, Ipcp Heart Failure Teams
Interprofessional collaborative practice (IPCP) approaches to health care are increasingly recognized as necessary to achieve the Triple Aim-improved health of the population, improved patient care experience, and improved affordability of care. This paper introduces and provides an overview of an interprofessional intervention to improve a healthcare team, healthcare system, and patient outcomes for hospitalized patients with heart failure. In this paper, we describe the overall project resulting from a workforce training grant and the proposed series of future papers resulting from the interprofessional intervention...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336236/implementation-of-genomics-research-in-africa-challenges-and-recommendations
#4
Sally N Adebamowo, Veronica Francis, Ernest Tambo, Seybou H Diallo, Guida Landouré, Victoria Nembaware, Eileen Dareng, Babu Muhamed, Michael Odutola, Teniola Akeredolu, Barbara Nerima, Petronilla J Ozumba, Slee Mbhele, Anita Ghanash, Ablo P Wachinou, Nicholas Ngomi
BACKGROUND: There is exponential growth in the interest and implementation of genomics research in Africa. This growth has been facilitated by the Human Hereditary and Health in Africa (H3Africa) initiative, which aims to promote a contemporary research approach to the study of genomics and environmental determinants of common diseases in African populations. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to describe important challenges affecting genomics research implementation in Africa...
2018: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336222/implementing-a-health-home-michigan-s-experience
#5
Jackie Prokop, Marie LaPres, Brad Barron, Jon Villasurda
As the number of individuals in the United States with chronic conditions and the associated costs in caring for these individuals continues to rise, there is a need to transform how health care services are delivered. Under Section 2703 of the Affordable Care Act of 2010, the federal government provides state Medicaid programs the opportunity to improve care coordination for people with chronic conditions in a person-centered approach through the establishment of health homes. Given the complexity of care for Medicaid beneficiaries with chronic conditions, addressing the social determinants of health and providing integrated care are central to effectively improving health outcomes and generating cost-savings...
January 1, 2018: Policy, Politics & Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334770/student-perceptions-of-collaboration-skills-in-an-interprofessional-context-development-and-initial-validation-of-the-self-assessed-collaboration-skills-instrument
#6
Leslie Hinyard, Eileen Toomey, Kathrin Eliot, Anthony Breitbach
An integral component of interprofessional education (IPE) is the development of a collaboration-ready health-care workforce. While collaboration is a fundamental element of IPE, there is no existing measure of collaboration skills that is not context specific. This article describes the development and initial validation of the Self-Assessed Collaboration Skills (SACS) measure. Items were initially drawn from the Collaboration Skills Assessment Tool rubric, an educational assessment tool. The SACS measure was piloted in a sample of students in an introductory IPE course...
January 1, 2018: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332020/predictors-of-improvements-in-mental-health-from-mindfulness-meditation-in-stressed-older-adults
#7
Barry S Oken, Elena Goodrich, Daniel Klee, Tabatha Memmott, Jeffrey Proulx
Context • The benefits of a mindfulness meditation (MM) intervention are most often evidenced by improvements in self-rated stress and mental health. Given the physiological complexity of the psychological stress system, it is likely that some people benefit significantly, whereas others do not. Clinicians and researchers could benefit from further exploration to determine which baseline factors can predict clinically significant improvements from MM. Objectives • The study intended to determine (1) whether the baseline measures for participants who significantly benefitted from MM training were different from the baseline measures of participants who did not, and (2) whether a classification analysis using a decision-tree, machine-learning approach could be useful in predicting which individuals would be most likely to improve...
January 2018: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331727/individual-variation-in-working-memory-is-associated-with-fear-extinction-performance
#8
Daniel M Stout, Dean T Acheson, Tyler M Moore, Ruben C Gur, Dewleen G Baker, Mark A Geyer, Victoria B Risbrough
PTSD has been associated consistently with abnormalities in fear acquisition and extinction learning and retention. Fear acquisition refers to learning to discriminate between threat and safety cues. Extinction learning reflects the formation of a new inhibitory-memory that competes with a previously learned threat-related memory. Adjudicating the competition between threat memory and the new inhibitory memory during extinction may rely, in part, on cognitive processes such as working memory (WM). Despite significant shared neural circuits and signaling pathways the relationship between WM, fear acquisition, and extinction is poorly understood...
January 5, 2018: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330835/international-guidelines-for-groin-hernia-management
#9
(no author information available yet)
INTRODUCTION: Worldwide, more than 20 million patients undergo groin hernia repair annually. The many different approaches, treatment indications and a significant array of techniques for groin hernia repair warrant guidelines to standardize care, minimize complications, and improve results. The main goal of these guidelines is to improve patient outcomes, specifically to decrease recurrence rates and reduce chronic pain, the most frequent problems following groin hernia repair. They have been endorsed by all five continental hernia societies, the International Endo Hernia Society and the European Association for Endoscopic Surgery...
January 12, 2018: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329365/a-formative-evaluation-of-two-fasd-prevention-communication-strategies
#10
David L Driscoll, Victoria R Barnes, Janet M Johnston, Richard Windsor, Ryan Ray
Aims: To evaluate the feasibility, acceptability and effectiveness of placing FASD prevention messages in the women's restrooms of establishments serving alcohol in Alaska and the Yukon, regions with high rates of FASD. Methods: Our team placed an FASD educational poster, and posters affixed to a pregnancy test dispenser, in women's restrooms of bars and restaurants. We compared drinking behaviors and knowledge and beliefs about FASD among participants at baseline and at follow-up...
January 10, 2018: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327211/twelve-lessons-learned-for-effective-research-partnerships-between-patients-caregivers-clinicians-academic-researchers-and-other-stakeholders
#11
Holly O Witteman, Selma Chipenda Dansokho, Heather Colquhoun, Angela Fagerlin, Anik M C Giguere, Sholom Glouberman, Lynne Haslett, Aubri Hoffman, Noah M Ivers, France Légaré, Jean Légaré, Carrie A Levin, Karli Lopez, Victor M Montori, Jean-Sébastien Renaud, Kerri Sparling, Dawn Stacey, Robert J Volk
Research increasingly means that patients, caregivers, health professionals, other stakeholders, and academic investigators work in partnership. This requires effective collaboration rooted in mutual respect, involvement of all participants, and good communication. Having conducted such partnered research over multiple projects, and having recently completed a project together funded by the Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute, we collaboratively developed a list of 12 lessons we have learned about how to ensure effective research partnerships...
January 4, 2018: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325667/development-of-an-online-smartphone-based-elearning-nutrition-education-program-for-low-income-individuals
#12
Sarah Stotz, Jung Sun Lee
The objective of this report was to describe the development process of an innovative smartphone-based electronic learning (eLearning) nutrition education program targeted to Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program-Education-eligible individuals, entitled Food eTalk. Lessons learned from the Food eTalk development process suggest that it is critical to include all key team members from the program's inception using effective inter-team communication systems, understand the unique resources needed, budget ample time for development, and employ an iterative development and evaluation model...
January 2018: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325527/single-center-experience-with-laparoscopic-adrenalectomy-on-a-large-clinical-series
#13
Giovanni Conzo, Claudio Gambardella, Giancarlo Candela, Alessandro Sanguinetti, Andrea Polistena, Guglielmo Clarizia, Renato Patrone, Francesco Di Capua, Chiara Offi, Mario Musella, Sergio Iorio, Giseppe Bellastella, Daniela Pasquali, Annamaria De Bellis, Antonio Sinisi, Nicola Avenia
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic adrenalectomy is considered the gold standard technique for the treatment of benign small and medium size adrenal masses (<6 cm), due to low morbidity rate, short hospitalization and patient rapid recovery. The aim of our study is to analyse the feasibility and efficiency of this surgical approach in a broad spectrum of adrenal gland pathologies. METHODS: Pre-operative, intra-operative and post-operative data from 126 patients undergone laparoscopic adrenalectomy between January 2003 and December 2015 were retrospectively collected and reviewed...
January 11, 2018: BMC Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325347/-opportunities-and-challenges-in-the-development-of-pancreatic-surgery
#14
T P Zhang, Y P Zhao
Pancreatic surgery is characteristic of various and complicated diseases and difficult surgeries. Pancreatic surgeons are required to grasp the new concept, apply new techniques and comprehend the study trends of pancreatic diseases. Otherwise, pancreatic surgeons should fully realize the opportunities and challenges resulted from application of new concept and techniques as well as learning new concept and techniques. Meanwhile, they should grasp the updating guidelines and research progress, intensively promote the development of prospective multicenter research involved in multidisciplinary team, and then promote the rapid development of pancreas surgery in China...
January 1, 2018: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324048/peer-observation-of-rounds-leads-to-collegial-discussion-of-teaching
#15
J Rush Pierce, Patrick Rendón, Deepti Rao
PROBLEM: Faculty in the Division of Hospital Medicine provide most of the clinical teaching for learners at our institution. The majority of these faculty are Assistant Professors with limited formal instruction in clinical teaching. Previous Divisional strategies to improve clinical teaching ability included discussion of effective teaching behaviors, developing written expectations for teaching faculty, and instituting seminars on effective clinical teaching. Heretofore, the Division had not utilized a direct observation exercise...
January 11, 2018: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321024/interprofessional-education-in-graduate-medical-education-survey-study-of-residency-program-directors
#16
Morhaf Al Achkar, Mathew Hanauer, Chantel Colavecchia, Dean A Seehusen
BACKGROUND: The overarching purpose of this study is to examine the current trends in interprofessional education (IPE) within graduate medical education in the Unites States. METHODS: A survey was sent to program directors across with different specialties between March and April 2016. The survey was completed by 233 out of 1757 program directors, which represents a response rate of 13.3%. RESULTS: IPE is currently being used by over 60% of the GME program directors that completed the survey...
January 10, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320790/-learning-in-protected-environment-implementation-in-continuing-medical-education
#17
Lion Sieg, Lars Friedrich, Hendrik Eismann
Actual concepts in continuing medical education in acute or emergency medicine contain skill training as well as simulation training. Methods and mechanisms to reduce crisis, like human factor training, shared mental models or closed-loop communication are incorporated. It is unknown which training method is optimal for individual departments in hospitals or for the individual level of education of the healthcare provider. A concept we provide is the so called "learning in protected environment": this environment protects the course participants and our patients from negative consequences of a conventional hands-on training...
January 2018: Anästhesiologie, Intensivmedizin, Notfallmedizin, Schmerztherapie: AINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319384/-student-y-or-studious-an-exploration-of-students-perceptions-of-parallel-learning-in-preregistration-physiotherapy-education
#18
James Milligan, Kate Grafton, John A Hammond
BACKGROUND/AIM: Within the United Kingdom (UK), physiotherapy preregistration training is provided at both undergraduate and postgraduate level at 17 higher education institutions (HEIs). Some course teams approach this by teaching preregistration BSc and MSc students simultaneously to meet the same learning outcomes. This is often termed "parallel learning" and it is not known how students perceive this mode of learning. The aim of the study was to explore the perceived benefits and challenges to parallel learning of preregistration BSc and MSc physiotherapy students...
January 10, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318951/enhanced-new-mothers-network-cell-phone-application-intervention-interdisciplinary-team-development-and-lessons-learned
#19
Diane Brage Hudson, Christie Campbell-Grossman, Sara Brown, Kathleen M Hanna, Byrav Ramamurthy, Bhargav Gorthi, Vishnu Sivadasan
Single, low-income, African American mothers experience challenges caring for themselves and their infants. Nurse researchers, providing creative and theoretically based approaches for complex client health care, are increasingly becoming interdisciplinary leaders on research teams. The first purpose of this article was to describe this interdisciplinary team's development of a cellular (cell) phone application (app), the Enhanced New Mothers Network (ENMN). The second purpose of this article was to describe lessons learned by nursing members of the interdisciplinary team members about developing a cell phone app for delivery of the ENMN intervention...
June 2017: Comprehensive Child and Adolescent Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317381/using-social-media-for-the-promotion-of-education-and-consultation-in-adolescents-who-have-undergone-kidney-transplant-protocol-for-a-randomized-control-trial
#20
Claudiana Pase, Andréia Dias Mathias, Clotilde Druck Garcia, Clarissa Garcia Rodrigues
BACKGROUND: Falling ill represents a traumatic experience especially in adolescence, since in addition to the moments of ambiguity and contradictions that this period brings, there is coping with the disease. Renal transplantation provides a better quality of life but the dependence on dialysis is replaced by the greater responsibility of self-care. With advances in technology, contemporary communication methods are a strategic mechanism for the approximation of the adolescent and the multiprofessional team...
January 9, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
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