keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

CLBP

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742756/cost-effectiveness-of-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-vs-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-or-usual-care-among-adults-with-chronic-low-back-pain
#1
Patricia M Herman, Melissa L Anderson, Karen J Sherman, Benjamin H Balderson, Judith A Turner, Daniel C Cherkin
STUDY DESIGN: Economic evaluation alongside a randomized trial of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) versus usual care alone (UC) for chronic low-back pain (CLBP). OBJECTIVE: Determine the one-year cost-effectiveness of CBT and MBSR compared to UC. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: CLBP is expensive in terms of healthcare costs and lost productivity. Mind-body interventions have been found effective for back pain, but their cost-effectiveness is unexplored...
July 24, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735829/comparative-effects-of-12-weeks-of-equipment-based-and-mat-pilates-in-patients-with-chronic-low-back-pain-on-pain-function-and-transversus-abdominis-activation-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
David Cruz-Díaz, M Bergamin, S Gobbo, Antonio Martínez-Amat, Fidel Hita-Contreras
BACKGROUND: Pilates method has been recommended for patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP) and the activation of transversus abdominis has been deemed to play an important role in the improvement of these patients. Nevertheless, the evidence of the activation of TrA in Pilates practitioners remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of 12 weeks of Pilates practice in disability, pain, kinesiophobia and transversus abdominis activation in patients with chronic nonspecific Low Back Pain...
August 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735778/yoga-for-military-veterans-with-chronic-low-back-pain-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#3
Erik J Groessl, Lin Liu, Douglas G Chang, Julie L Wetherell, Jill E Bormann, J Hamp Atkinson, Sunita Baxi, Laura Schmalzl
INTRODUCTION: Chronic low back pain (cLBP) is prevalent, especially among military veterans. Many cLBP treatment options have limited benefits and are accompanied by side effects. Major efforts to reduce opioid use and embrace nonpharmacological pain treatments have resulted. Research with community cLBP patients indicates that yoga can improve health outcomes and has few side effects. The benefits of yoga among military veterans were examined. DESIGN: Participants were randomized to either yoga or delayed yoga treatment in 2013-2015...
July 17, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719509/the-relationship-between-structural-and-functional-brain-changes-and-altered-emotion-and-cognition-in-chronic-low-back-pain-a-systematic-review-of-mri-and-fmri-studies
#4
Sin Ki Ng, Donna M Urquhart, Paul B Fitzgerald, Flavia M Cicuttini, Sultana Monira Hussain, Bernadette M Fitzgibbon
OBJECTIVES: Chronic low back pain (CLBP) is a major health issue, yet its underlying mechanisms remain unknown. Studies have demonstrated the importance of emotion and cognition in chronic pain, however, the relevant brain physiology in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies are unclear in CLBP populations. Therefore, this review aimed to identify MRI brain changes and examine their potential relationship with emotional and cognitive processes in CLBP. METHOD: A systematic search was conducted in 5 databases...
July 17, 2017: Clinical Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719508/is-the-organisation-of-the-primary-motor-cortex-in-low-back-pain-related-to-pain-movement-and-or-sensation
#5
Edith Elgueta-Cancino, Siobhan Schabrun, Paul Hodges
Primary motor cortex (M1) organisation differs between individuals with and without chronic low back pain (CLBP), in parallel with motor and sensory impairments. This study investigated whether movement behaviour and tactile/pain sensation are related to M1 organisation in CLBP. Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) was used to map the M1 representation of the erector spinae and multifidus muscles in 20 participants with and without CLBP. Cortical organisation was quantified by: map volume; center of gravity (CoG); number of peaks; and primary and secondary peak location...
July 17, 2017: Clinical Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716466/chronic-low-back-pain-patients-walk-with-locally-altered-spinal-kinematics
#6
Guillaume Christe, François Kade, Brigitte M Jolles, Julien Favre
Various studies have reported alterations of spinal kinematics in patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP) during gait. However, while recent findings stressed the importance of multi-segment analysis, most of prior gait studies modelled the lumbar spine as one segment, when it was not the entire trunk that was considered as a single segment. Therefore, there is a need for comprehensive multi-segment research that could improve our understanding of CLBP pathomechanism and thus possibly contribute to better care for CLBP...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694702/the-economic-and-humanistic-costs-of-chronic-lower-back-pain-in-japan
#7
William Montgomery, Masayo Sato, Yasuo Nagasaka, Jeffrey Vietri
BACKGROUND: Few data are available that provide estimates of the economic impact of chronic lower back pain (CLBP) in Japan. The current study estimated the patient burden and the direct and indirect medical costs associated with CLBP in Japan using data from a large cross-sectional patient survey. CLBP was hypothesized to be associated with a considerable burden of illness and a large economic impact. METHODS: Study participants completed the Japan National Health and Wellness Survey in 2014, which included measures of health-related quality of life (HRQoL), work impairment, impairment to daily activities, and healthcare service use...
2017: ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research: CEOR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684921/cross-cultural-adaptation-of-the-german-pain-solutions-questionnaire-an-instrument-to-measure-assimilative-and-accommodative-coping-in-response-to-chronic-pain
#8
Robert Sielski, Julia Anna Glombiewski, Winfried Rief, Geert Crombez, Antonia Barke
According to the dual process model of coping, assimilative or accommodative strategies can be applied to deal with aversive life situations. In people with chronic pain, the tenacious focus on achieving analgesia is often referred to as assimilative coping and associated with more disability and catastrophic thinking. In contrast, accommodative coping (accepting one's pain and setting new goals) appears to have beneficial effects. To assess how people with chronic pain use these different coping strategies, questionnaires measuring these concepts are needed...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674128/predictors-for-future-activity-limitation-in-women-with-chronic-low-back-pain-consulting-primary-care-a-2-year-prospective-longitudinal-cohort-study
#9
Lena Nordeman, Lena Thorselius, Ronny Gunnarsson, Kaisa Mannerkorpi
OBJECTIVES: To assess if body function, activity, participation, health-related quality of life and lifestyle behavioural factors can predict activity limitation in women with chronic low back pain (CLBP) in primary healthcare (PHC) 2 years later. DESIGN: A 2-year prospective longitudinal cohort study within PHC. SETTINGS: PHC in southwestern Sweden. PARTICIPANTS: The cohort comprised 130 women with CLBP attending PHC at baseline 2004-2005 and were reassessed after 2 years...
July 2, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672127/local-dynamic-stability-of-the-spine-and-its-coordinated-lower-joints-during-repetitive-lifting-effects-of-fatigue-and-chronic-low-back-pain
#10
Naser Asgari, Mohammad Ali Sanjari, Ali Esteki
The nonlinear Lyapunov exponent (LyE) has been proven effective for evaluating the local stability of human movement and exploring the effects of load, speed and direction of individuals with and without nonspecific chronic low back pain (CLBP). The purpose of this study was to examine spinal and lower joint stability and response to fatigue of individuals with and without CLBP while performing lifting-lowering movements. Fourteen healthy individuals and 14 patients with nonspecific CLBP were recruited to perform lifting movement repeatedly while holding two equally-sized dumbbells in their hands...
June 30, 2017: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667363/which-patient-reported-factors-predict-referral-to-spinal-surgery-a-cohort-study-among-4987-chronic-low-back-pain-patients
#11
Johanna M van Dongen, Miranda L van Hooff, Maarten Spruit, Marinus de Kleuver, Raymond W J G Ostelo
PURPOSE: It is unknown which chronic low back pain (CLBP) patients are typically referred to spinal surgery. The present study, therefore, aimed to explore which patient-reported factors are predictive of spinal surgery referral among CLBP patients. METHODS: CLBP patients were consecutively recruited from a Dutch orthopedic hospital specialized in spine care (n = 4987). The outcome of this study was referral to spinal surgery (yes/no), and was assessed using hospital records...
June 30, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658044/the-modified-low-back-pain-disability-questionnaire-reliability-validity-and-responsiveness-of-a-dutch-language-version
#12
Lenie Denteneer, Gaetane Stassijns, Steven Truijen, Willem De Herthogh, Jill Meirte, Kristiaan Deckers, Ulrike Van Daele
STUDY DESIGN: Cross sectional study OBJECTIVE.: The goal of this study is to translate the English version of the Modified Low Back Pain Disability Questionnaire (MDQ) into a Dutch version and investigate its clinimetric properties for patients with nonspecific chronic low back pain (CLBP). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Fritz et al (2001) developed a modified version of the Oswestry Disability Questionnaire (ODI) to assess functional status and named it the MDQ. In this version, a question regarding employment and homemaking ability was substituted for the question related to sex life...
June 27, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637605/-i-need-to-do-another-course-italian-physiotherapists-knowledge-and-beliefs-when-assessing-psychosocial-factors-in-patients-presenting-with-chronic-low-back-pain
#13
Giacomo Zangoni, Oliver P Thomson
OBJECTIVES: Psychosocial factors play an important role in the development and subsequent recovery of individuals suffering from chronic low back pain (CLBP). The study explored physiotherapists' personal beliefs and knowledge about the biopsychosocial model and the different ways they assess and manage psychosocial factors in patients presenting with CLBP. METHODS: Qualitative research design using semi-structured interviews and a constructivist grounded theory approach to data collection and analysis...
February 2017: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637600/distinguishing-between-nociceptive-and-neuropathic-components-in-chronic-low-back-pain-using-behavioural-evaluation-and-sensory-examination
#14
N Spahr, D Hodkinson, K Jolly, S Williams, M Howard, M Thacker
BACKGROUND: Diagnosis of chronic low back pain (CLBP) is traditionally predicated on identifying underlying pathological or anatomical causes, with treatment outcomes modest at best. Alternately, it is suggested that identification of underlying pain mechanisms with treatments targeted towards specific pain phenotypes may yield more success. Differentiation between nociceptive and neuropathic components of CLBP is problematic; evidence suggests that clinicians fail to identify a significant neuropathic component in many CLBP patients...
February 2017: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631003/yoga-physical-therapy-or-education-for-chronic-low-back-pain-a-randomized-noninferiority-trial
#15
Robert B Saper, Chelsey Lemaster, Anthony Delitto, Karen J Sherman, Patricia M Herman, Ekaterina Sadikova, Joel Stevans, Julia E Keosaian, Christian J Cerrada, Alexandra L Femia, Eric J Roseen, Paula Gardiner, Katherine Gergen Barnett, Carol Faulkner, Janice Weinberg
Background: Yoga is effective for mild to moderate chronic low back pain (cLBP), but its comparative effectiveness with physical therapy (PT) is unknown. Moreover, little is known about yoga's effectiveness in underserved patients with more severe functional disability and pain. Objective: To determine whether yoga is noninferior to PT for cLBP. Design: 12-week, single-blind, 3-group randomized noninferiority trial and subsequent 40-week maintenance phase...
July 18, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623950/work-outcome-in-yet-undiagnosed-patients-with-non-radiographic-axial-spondyloarthritis-and-ankylosing-spondylitis-results-of-a-cross-sectional-study-among-patients-with-chronic-low-back-pain
#16
Lonneke van Hoeven, Annelies E R C H Boonen, Johanna M W Hazes, Angelique E A M Weel
BACKGROUND: To understand the impact of yet undiagnosed non-radiographic axial spondyloarthritis (nr-axSpA) and ankylosing spondylitis (AS) on work outcomes in a cohort of patients with long-lasting chronic low back pain (CLBP). METHODS: Data were used from a primary care CLBP cohort that was established to understand the prevalence of nr-axSpA and AS. Clinical characteristics comprised measures of back pain (visual analogue scale), inflammation (C-reactive protein) and physical functioning (Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire (RMDQ))...
June 17, 2017: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615967/assessment-of-direct-analgesic-effect-of-duloxetine-for-chronic-low-back-pain-post-hoc-path-analysis-of-double-blind-placebo-controlled-studies
#17
Hiroyuki Enomoto, Shinji Fujikoshi, Jumpei Funai, Nao Sasaki, Michael H Ossipov, Toshinaga Tsuji, Levent Alev, Takahiro Ushida
BACKGROUND: Comorbid depression and depressive symptoms are common in patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP). Duloxetine is clinically effective in major depressive disorder and several chronic pain states, including CLBP. The objective of this post hoc meta-analysis was to assess direct and indirect analgesic efficacy of duloxetine for patients with CLBP in previous clinical trials. METHODS: Post hoc path analyses were conducted of 3 randomized, double-blind, clinical studies of patients receiving duloxetine or placebo for CLBP...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537422/mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-program-on-chronic-low-back-pain-a-study-investigating-the-impact-on-endocrine-physical-and-psychologic-functioning
#18
Rita B Ardito, Piero Stanley Pirro, Tania S Re, Isabella Bonapace, Valentino Menardo, Emanuela Bruno, Laura Gianotti
OBJECTIVE: To explore the impact of the Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) program on pain severity and endocrine, physical, and psychologic functioning in patients with chronic low-back pain (CLBP). METHODS: A total of 28 participants were enrolled in the study between January and June 2014; 17 participants were sequentially sampled for an 8-week MBSR program, and 11 were placed on a waitlist control group. Pain severity, quality of life (QOL), global psychologic functioning, and depression were assessed at baseline, at the end of treatment, and 4-5 months post-treatment for both groups...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535553/differences-in-pain-processing-between-patients-with-chronic-low-back-pain-recurrent-low-back-pain-and-fibromyalgia
#19
Dorien Goubert, Lieven Danneels, Thomas Graven-Nielsen, Filip Descheemaeker, Mira Meeus
BACKGROUND: The impairment in musculoskeletal structures in patients with low back pain (LBP) is often disproportionate to their complaint. Therefore, the need arises for exploration of alternative mechanisms contributing to the origin and maintenance of non-specific LBP. The recent focus has been on central nervous system phenomena in LBP and the pathophysiological mechanisms underlying the various symptoms and characteristics of chronic pain. Knowledge concerning changes in pain processing in LBP remains ambiguous, partly due to the diversity in the LBP population...
May 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532872/comparing-aquastretch-with-supervised-land-based-stretching-for-chronic-lower-back-pain
#20
Lynda G Keane
OBJECTIVE: Chronic Lower Back Pain (CLBP) is a major health problem affecting 70-85% of the population in the UK. AquaStretch, a new form of assisted stretching in water, is compared with supervised land based stretching (LBS) for subjects with CLBP looking at pain reduction, kinesiophobia and disability. METHOD: 29 subjects were randomly allocated into three groups, LBS (N = 10), AquaStretch (N = 10) and Control (N = 9). Modified Oswestry Low Back Pain Questionnaire (MOLBPQ) and Tampa Scale of Kinesiophobia (TSK) questionnaires were completed in weeks 1, 6, and 12...
April 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
keyword
keyword
70966
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"