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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422409/validation-of-the-japanese-version-of-the-fremantle-back-awareness-questionnaire-in-patients-with-low-back-pain
#1
Tomokiko Nishigami, Akira Mibu, Katsuyoshi Tanaka, Yuh Yamashita, Michele Eisemann Shimizu, Bennedict Wand, Mark J Catley, Tasha R Stanton, G Lorimer Moseley
BACKGROUND: There is a growing interest in the role of disturbed body perception in people with persistent pain problems such as chronic low back pain (CLBP). A questionnaire, the Fremantle Back Awareness Questionnaire (FreBAQ), was recently developed as a simple and quick way of assessing disturbed perceptual awareness of the back in people with CLBP and appears to have acceptable psychometric properties. The aim of the present study was to develop a Japanese version of the FreBAQ (FreBAQ-J) and evaluate its psychometric properties in a sample of Japanese people with low back pain (LBP)...
April 18, 2017: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420353/the-influence-of-fatigue-and-chronic-low-back-pain-on-muscle-recruitment-patterns-following-an-unexpected-external-perturbation
#2
Júlia Jubany, Lieven Danneels, Rosa Angulo-Barroso
BACKGROUND: Chronic low back pain (CLBP) has been associated with altered trunk muscle responses as well as increased muscle fatigability. CLBP patients and fatigued healthy subjects could experience similar neuromuscular strategies to attempt to protect the spine. The current study examined muscle activation differences between healthy and CLBP subjects following a perturbation. In addition, the possible role of muscle fatigue was evaluated by investigating the healthy control subjects in a non-fatigued and a fatigued condition...
April 19, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413219/contemporary-biopsychosocial-exercise-prescription-for-chronic-low-back-pain-questioning-core-stability-programs-and-considering-context
#3
Peter Stilwell, Katherine Harman
This commentary explores the importance of considering the biopsychosocial model and contextual factors when prescribing exercise. Diverse exercise programs for patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP) produce similar outcomes, without one specific exercise protocol demonstrating clear superiority. One clear barrier to positive outcomes is poor exercise adherence. We suggest that there are certain common contextual factors present in all exercise prescription scenarios that may impact adherence and health-related outcomes...
March 2017: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395983/effects-of-holding-an-external-load-on-the-standing-balance-of-older-and-younger-adults-with-and-without-chronic-low-back-pain
#4
Leonardo Shigaki, Edgar Ramos Vieira, André Wilson de Oliveira Gil, Cynthia Gobbi Alves Araújo, Mariana Zingari Carmargo, Leandro Amaral Sturion, Marcio Roǵerio de Oliveira, Rubens A da Silva
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of holding an external load on the standing balance of younger and older adults with and without chronic low back pain (CLBP). METHODS: Twenty participants with and 20 without CLBP participated in the study. Each group contained 10 younger (50% men) and 10 older adults (50% men). Participants were instructed to look straight ahead while standing on a force platform during two 120-second trials with and without holding an external load (10% of body mass)...
April 8, 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382810/the-predictive-value-of-subsets-of-the-%C3%A3-rebro-musculoskeletal-pain-screening-questionnaire-for-return-to-work-in-chronic-low-back-pain
#5
Emmanuelle Opsommer, Gilles Rivier, Geert Crombez, Roger Hilfiker
BACKGROUND: Studies have shown that positive recovery expectations are associated with positive health outcomes in patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP) such as return to work (RTW) and the time to RTW. AIM: To compare the predictive value for RTW in CLBP using different subsets of the Örebro Musculoskeletal Pain Screening Questionnaire (ÖMPSQ). DESIGN: Longitudinal cohort study. SETTING: Rehabilitation center...
April 4, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379056/a-randomized-trial-to-determine-the-duration-of-analgesia-following-a-15-and-a-30-minute-application-of-acupuncture-like-tens-on-patients-with-chronic-low-back-pain
#6
Yannick Tousignant-Laflamme, Claudia Laroche, Christine Beaulieu, Ann-Julie Bouchard, Sabrina Boucher, Mélanie Michaud-Létourneau
BACKGROUND: Acupuncture-like TENS (AL-TENS) has been shown to produce prolonged pain relief, but no study has yet investigated its duration on a population suffering from chronic low back pain (CLPB). OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to quantify the duration and magnitude of analgesia induced by a 15- or 30-minute application of AL-TENS. METHODOLOGY: We recruited a sample of 11 participants presenting with CLBP and conducted a randomized, crossover study, where participants were given AL-TENS for 15 and 30 minutes on two separate occasions...
April 5, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376851/chronic-low-back-pain-patients-use-of-level-of-knowledge-of-and-perceived-benefits-of-complementary-medicine-a-cross-sectional-study-at-an-academic-pain-center
#7
Julie Dubois, Emmanuelle Scala, Mohamed Faouzi, Isabelle Decosterd, Bernard Burnand, Pierre-Yves Rodondi
BACKGROUND: Chronic pain patients often use complementary medicine (CM) to alleviate their pain; however, little is known about the use of CM by chronic low back pain (cLBP) patients. We investigated the frequency of use of CM by cLBP patients, the perceived effects of these therapies, patients' knowledge regarding CM, and patient-physician communication regarding CM. METHOD: A cross-sectional survey was conducted from November 2014 to February 2015. A questionnaire was distributed by physicians to 238 consecutive patients consulting for cLBP at the Pain Center of Lausanne University Hospital, Switzerland...
April 4, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365848/attenuation-of-cortical-activity-triggering-descending-pain-inhibition-in-chronic-low-back-pain-patients-a-functional-magnetic-resonance-imaging-study
#8
Yohei Matsuo, Jiro Kurata, Miho Sekiguchi, Katsuhiro Yoshida, Takuya Nikaido, Shin-Ichi Konno
PURPOSE: A considerable portion of chronic low back pain (cLBP) patients lack anatomical abnormality, resist conventional therapeutic interventions, and their symptoms are often complicated with psychological and social factors. Such patients have been reported to show cerebral abnormalities both in anatomy and function by neuroimaging studies. Here we examined differences in cerebral reactivity to a simulated low back pain stimulus between cLBP patients and healthy controls by functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), and their behavioral correlates from a psychophysical questionnaire...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340111/assessment-of-patient-reported-outcome-instruments-to-assess-chronic-low-back-pain
#9
Abhilasha Ramasamy, Mona L Martin, Steven I Blum, Hiltrud Liedgens, Charles Argoff, Rainer Freynhagen, Mark Wallace, Kelly P McCarrier, Donald M Bushnell, Noël V Hatley, Donald L Patrick
Objective. : To identify patient-reported outcome (PRO) instruments that assess chronic low back pain (cLBP) symptoms (specifically pain qualities) and/or impacts for potential use in cLBP clinical trials to demonstrate treatment benefit and support labeling claims. Design. : Literature review of existing PRO measures. Methods. : Publications detailing existing PRO measures for cLBP were identified, reviewed, and summarized. As recommended by the US Food & Drug Administration (FDA) PRO development guidance, standard measurement characteristics were reviewed, including development history, psychometric properties (validity and reliability), ability to detect change, and interpretation of observed changes...
March 6, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332372/efficacy-and-safety-of-different-aceclofenac-treatments-for-chronic-lower-back-pain-prospective-randomized-single-center-open-label-clinical-trials
#10
Jae Ho Yang, Kyung Soo Suk, Byung Ho Lee, Woo Chul Jung, Young Mi Kang, Ji Hye Kim, Hak Sun Kim, Hwan Mo Lee, Seong Hwan Moon
PURPOSE: Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are a mainstay for medical treatment of chronic lower back pain (CLBP). Increased dose intervals for medication have been associated with increased patient adherence to prescriptions. The purpose of this clinical trial was to compare the efficacy and safety of a once daily dose of aceclofenac controlled release (CR) and a twice daily dose of aceclofenac for CLBP management. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective, randomized, single center, open-label clinical trial was performed to compare the efficacy and safety of aceclofenac CR (200 mg once daily) to aceclofenac dose (100 mg twice daily)...
May 2017: Yonsei Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291378/magnetic-resonance-spectroscopic-analysis-of-multifidus-muscles-lipid-content-and-association-with-spinopelvic-malalignment-in-chronic-low-back-pain
#11
Izaya Ogon, Tsuneo Takebayashi, Hiroyuki Takashima, Tomonori Morita, Mitsunori Yoshimoto, Yoshinori Terashima, Toshihiko Yamashita
OBJECTIVE: To analyze intramyocellular lipids (IMCLs) and extramyocellular lipids (EMCLs) of the multifidus muscle (Mm) using MR spectroscopy in chronic low back pain (CLBP) and control groups and to identify correlations with spinopelvic alignment. METHODS: 40 patients (16 males, 24 females; mean age, 62.9 ± 1.9 years) whose visual analogue scale scores were >30 mm for CLBP were included. Furthermore, 40 control participants matched with the CLBP group subjects by sample size, gender and age (17 males, 23 females; mean age, 65...
May 2017: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277866/treatment-for-chronic-low-back-pain-the-focus-should-change-to-multimodal-management-that-reflects-the-underlying-pain-mechanisms
#12
Gerhard Müller-Schwefe, Bart Morlion, Karsten Ahlbeck, Eli Alon, Stefano Coaccioli, Flaminia Coluzzi, Frank Huygen, Wolfgang Jaksch, Eija Kalso, Magdalena Kocot-Kępska, Hans-Georg Kress, Ana Cristina Mangas, Cesar Margarit Ferri, Philippe Mavrocordatos, Andrew Nicolaou, Concepción Pérez Hernández, Joseph Pergolizzi, Michael Schäfer, Patrick Sichère
Chronic low back pain: Chronic pain is the most common cause for people to utilize healthcare resources and has a considerable impact upon patients' lives. The most prevalent chronic pain condition is chronic low back pain (CLBP). CLBP may be nociceptive or neuropathic, or may incorporate both components. The presence of a neuropathic component is associated with more intense pain of longer duration, and a higher prevalence of co-morbidities. However, many physicians' knowledge of chronic pain mechanisms is currently limited and there are no universally accepted treatment guidelines, so the condition is not particularly well managed...
March 22, 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248895/the-quebec-serve-protect-low-back-pain-study-a-web-based-cross-sectional-investigation-of-prevalence-and-functional-impact-among-police-officers
#13
Nabiha Benyamina Douma, Charles Côté, Anaïs Lacasse
STUDY DESIGN: . Web-based cross-sectional study. OBJECTIVE: Describe the prevalence and the burden of low back pain (LBP) and chronic low back pain (CLBP) amongQuebec police officers. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Police officers have work-related factors associated with LBP, but chronicity and impacts of this condition have been little exploredamong this population. METHODS: Between May and October 2014, a web-based cross-sectional study was conducted among police officers working in the province of Quebec (Canada)...
February 28, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242487/the-likelihood-of-reaching-substantial-clinical-benefit-following-an-interlaminar-dynamic-spacer-for-chronic-low-back-pain-a-clinical-and-radiological-analysis-of-a-prospective-cohort
#14
Junseok Bae, Shih Min Lee, Sang-Ho Lee, Sang-Ha Shin, Ho-Jin Kim, Kyung-Hwan Kim
PURPOSE: Chronic low back pain (CLBP) often causes disabling pain that impairs a patient's quality of life. Surgical treatment is recommended for patients who do not respond to conservative treatments lasting more than six months. The purpose of this study is to present results after the use of an interlaminar dynamic spacer for CLBP. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We enrolled consecutive patients with CLBP irresponsive to more than six months of conservative treatment into the present study...
February 24, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240912/domain-targeted-metabolomics-delineates-the-heterocycle-assembly-steps-of-colibactin-biosynthesis
#15
Eric P Trautman, Alan R Healy, Emilee E Shine, Seth B Herzon, Jason M Crawford
Modular polyketide synthases (PKSs) and nonribosomal peptide synthetases (NRPSs) comprise giant multidomain enzymes responsible for the "assembly line" biosynthesis of many genetically encoded small molecules. Site-directed mutagenesis, protein biochemical, and structural studies have focused on elucidating the catalytic mechanisms of individual multidomain proteins and protein domains within these megasynthases. However, probing their functions at the cellular level typically has invoked the complete deletion (or overexpression) of multidomain-encoding genes or combinations of genes and comparing those mutants with a control pathway...
March 10, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207662/expression-of-mirna-124a-in-cd4-cells-reflects-response-to-a-multidisciplinary-treatment-program-in-patients-with-chronic-low-back-pain
#16
Benjamin Luchting, Jens Heyn, Ludwig Christian Hinske, Shahnaz Christina Azad
STUDY DESIGN: A prospective evaluation of microRNA (miRNA) expression in patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP). OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether pain- and T cell-related miRNAs are differentially expressed in CLBP when compared with healthy volunteers and whether these miRNAs may distinguish between responders and nonresponders to a multidisciplinary treatment program. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: CLBP is a common health problem worldwide...
February 15, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186946/gabapentinoids-for-chronic-low-back-pain-a-protocol-for-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#17
Harsha Shanthanna, Ian Gilron, Lehana Thabane, Philip J Devereaux, Mohit Bhandari, Rizq AlAmri, Manikandan Rajarathinam, Sriganesh Kamath
INTRODUCTION: Chronic low back pain (CLBP) is a common condition and causes significant pain, distress and disability across the world. It is multifactorial in aetiology and is challenging to manage. Although the underlying mechanism of pain is predominantly non-specific, many argue that there is a substantial neuropathic pain element. Neuropathic pain is more severe, with significant disability. Gabapentinoids, including gabapentin and pregabalin, have proven efficacy in some neuropathic pain conditions...
November 10, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167168/effects-of-a-16-week-pilates-exercises-training-program-for-isometric-trunk-extension-and-flexion-strength
#18
Irina Kliziene, Saule Sipaviciene, Jovita Vilkiene, Audrone Astrauskiene, Gintautas Cibulskas, Sarunas Klizas, Ginas Cizauskas
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of Pilates exercises designed to improve isometric trunk extension and flexion strength of muscles in women with chronic low back pain (cLBP). PARTICIPANTS: Female volunteers with cLBP were divided into an experimental group (EG; n = 27) and a control group (CG; n = 27). INTERVENTION: Pilates exercises were performed twice per week by the EG; the duration of each session was 60 min. The program lasted for 16 weeks; thus patients underwent a total of 32 exercise sessions...
January 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160750/repetitive-peripheral-magnetic-neurostimulation-of-multifidus-muscles-combined-with-motor-training-influences-spine-motor-control-and-chronic-low-back-pain
#19
Hugo Massé-Alarie, Louis-David Beaulieu, Richard Preuss, Cyril Schneider
OBJECTIVE: The study tested whether combining repetitive peripheral magnetic stimulation (RPMS) and motor training of the superficial multifidus muscle (MF) better improved the corticomotor control of spine than training alone in chronic low back pain (CLBP). METHODS: Twenty-one participants with CLBP were randomly allocated to [RPMS+training] and [Sham+training] groups for three sessions (S1-S3) over a week where MF was stimulated before training (volitional contraction)...
March 2017: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144457/alexander-technique-training-coupled-with-an-integrative-model-of-behavioral-prediction-in-teachers-with-low-back-pain
#20
Tahereh Kamalikhah, Mohammad Ali Morowatisharifabad, Farid Rezaei-Moghaddam, Mohammad Ghasemi, Mohammad Gholami-Fesharaki, Salma Goklani
BACKGROUND: Individuals suffering from chronic low back pain (CLBP) experience major physical, social, and occupational disruptions. Strong evidence confirms the effectiveness of Alexander technique (AT) training for CLBP. OBJECTIVES: The present study applied an integrative model (IM) of behavioral prediction for improvement of AT training. METHODS: This was a quasi-experimental study of female teachers with nonspecific LBP in southern Tehran in 2014...
September 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
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