keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

pulmonary diseases

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453816/the-incidence-predictive-factors-and-prognosis-of-acute-pulmonary-complications-after-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation
#1
Tetsuro Shimura, Masanori Yamamoto, Ai Kagase, Atsuko Kodama, Seiji Kano, Yutaka Koyama, Norio Tada, Kensuke Takagi, Motoharu Araki, Futoshi Yamanaka, Shinichi Shirai, Yusuke Watanabe, Kentaro Hayashida
OBJECTIVES: Although acute pulmonary complications (APCs), such as the exacerbation of pulmonary disease (PD) or a newly developed pulmonary event, are thought to be catastrophic after invasive therapy, little is known about the occurrence of APCs after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). This study aims to clarify the incidence, predictive factors and impact of APCs on prognosis after TAVI. METHODS: We identified 749 patients who underwent TAVI, using data from the Optimized CathEter vAlvular iNtervention (OCEAN-TAVI) Japanese multicentre registry...
April 26, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453580/-health-related-quality-of-life-in-chilean-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#2
Daniel Collado-Mateo, José C Adsuar, Pedro R Olivares, Miguel Ángel García-Gordillo
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has a relevant impact on health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Short Form 6 dimensions (SF-6D) quality of life tool allows researchers to calculate preference-based utilities using data from SF-12 or SF-36 questionnaires. AIM: To provide normative values of SF-6D derived from SF-12 for Chilean patients with COPD. MATERIAL AND METHODS: SF-6D utility index was calculated using data from the 2009/2010 Chilean National Health Survey...
February 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453578/effects-of-a-mixture-of-chloromethylisothiazolinone-and-methylisothiazolinone-on-peripheral-airway-dysfunction-in-children
#3
Hyun-Ju Cho, Dong-Uk Park, Jisun Yoon, Eun Lee, Song-I Yang, Young-Ho Kim, So-Yeon Lee, Soo-Jong Hong
BACKGROUND: Children who were only exposed to a mixture of chloromethylisothiazolinone (CMIT) and methylisothiazolinone (MIT) as humidifier disinfectant (HD) components were evaluated for humidifier disinfectant-associated lung injury (HDLI) from 2012. This study was to evaluate the pulmonary function using, impulse oscillometry (IOS) for children exposed to a mixture of CMIT/MIT from HD. METHODS: Twenty-four children who were only exposed to a mixture of CMIT/MIT, with no previous underlying disease, were assessed by IOS...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453459/evaluation-of-short-term-and-long-term-efficacy-of-surgical-and-non-surgical-treatment-in-patients-with-early-stage-small-cell-lung-cancer-a-comparative-study
#4
Shi-Zhen Hou, Zi-Ming Cheng, Yu-Bing Wu, Yi Sun, Bing Liu, Mao-Xi Yuan, Xiang-Dong Wang
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to compare surgery with adjuvant chemoradiotherapy versus non-surgical treatments for patients with early-stage small cell lung cancer (SCLC) based on the short-term and long-term efficacy. METHODS: SCLC patients who underwent a pulmonary lobectomy with post-surgical radiotherapy or chemotherapy were assigned to the surgical group. SCLC patients who received radiotherapy or chemotherapy alone were classified into the non-surgical group...
April 21, 2017: Cancer Biomarkers: Section A of Disease Markers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453306/the-association-of-lung-clearance-index-with-copd-and-fev-1-reduction-in-men-born-in-1914
#5
Suneela Zaigham, Per Wollmer, Gunnar Engström
Lung Clearance Index (LCI) provides an overall measurement of ventilation inhomogeneity. This population-based study examines whether LCI predicts pulmonary obstruction and incidence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) events over a long-term follow-up. Multiple breath nitrogen washout and spirometry were performed in 674 men from the cohort "Men born in 1914" at age 55 years. Subjects were classified into quartiles (Q) of LCI and according to LCI above and below upper limit of normal (ULN). Incidence of COPD events (COPD hospitalisations or COPD-related deaths) were monitored over the remaining life span of the men, by linkage with national hospital registers...
April 28, 2017: COPD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449531/ablation-of-atrial-fibrillation-single-shot-techniques-poised-to-dominate-rhythm-control-strategies-the-future-is-here
#6
EDITORIAL
Antonis S Manolis
Over the recent years, the advent of single-shot techniques, such as circular catheter and cryoballoon ablation, has ushered in a new era in the catheter ablation approach and rhythm control strategies of patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). These techniques make it easier to navigate the heart and have the potential to decrease the threshold for, expand the access to, and increase patient and physician acceptance of rhythm-control therapies, that may lead to reduction of the AF disease burden and its socioeconomic impact...
March 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449494/clinical-outcomes-for-multi-and-extensively-drug-resistant-tuberculosis-patients-with-adjunctive-resectional-lung-surgery-in-beijing-china
#7
Yan Ma, Yu Pang, Jian Du, Yuhong Liu, Liang Li, Weiwei Gao
The objective of this study was to assess the performance of adjective resectional lung surgery for multidrug resistant (MDR-) and extensively drug resistant tuberculosis (XDR-TB) patients in Beijing, China. Between October 1992 and October 2012, 21 MDR/XDR patients undergoing pulmonary resection at Beijing Chest Hospital were enrolled in this study. The clinical outcomes of MDR- and XDR-TB patients were analyzed with a 3-year surgical follow-up. Out of 21 patients enrolled in this study, 20 patients (95.2%) had unilateral cavitary disease, and 1 patient (4...
March 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449491/characteristics-and-provision-of-care-of-patients-with-the-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-descriptive-findings-from-the-dacapo-cohort-baseline-and-comparison-with-international-findings
#8
Frank Dodoo-Schittko, Susanne Brandstetter, Magdalena Brandl, Sebastian Blecha, Michael Quintel, Steffen Weber-Carstens, Stefan Kluge, Patrick Meybohm, Caroline Rolfes, Björn Ellger, Friedhelm Bach, Tobias Welte, Thomas Muders, Kathrin Thomann-Hackner, Thomas Bein, Christian Apfelbacher
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the characteristics and real world life circumstances of ARDS (acute respiratory distress syndrome) patient populations. This knowledge is essential for transferring evidence-based therapy into routine healthcare. The aim of this study was to report socio-demographic and clinical characteristics in an unselected population of ARDS patients and to compare these results to findings from other large ARDS cohorts. METHODS: A German based cross-sectional observational study was carried out...
March 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449471/one-year-and-long-term-mortality-in-patients-hospitalized-for-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#9
María-Teresa García-Sanz, Juan-Carlos Cánive-Gómez, Laura Senín-Rial, Jorge Aboal-Viñas, Alejandra Barreiro-García, Eva López-Val, Francisco-Javier González-Barcala
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Identifying potentially-modifiable predictors of mortality could help optimize COPD patient management. The aim of this study is to determine long-term mortality following hospitalization due to acute exacerbations of COPD (AECOPD), as well as AECOPD mortality predictors. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study by reviewing the medical records of all patients admitted with AECOPD in the University Hospital Complex of Santiago de Compostela in 2007 and 2008...
March 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449468/pulmonary-inflammatory-myofibroblastic-tumor-versus-igg4-related-inflammatory-pseudotumor-differential-diagnosis-based-on-a-case-series
#10
Longfei Zhu, Jian Li, Chengwu Liu, Wenshuang Ding, Feng Lin, Chenglin Guo, Lunxu Liu
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor (IMT) has been considered as a synonym for inflammatory pseudotumor (IPT) for a long time. Recent studies have indicated that IMT and IgG4-related IPT are distinct diseases. However, no consensus criteria have been recommended. Here we propose a set of criteria for the differential diagnosis. METHODS: Twenty-six archived IMT and IgG4-related IPT samples were examined for histological characteristics and the expression of IgG, IgG4, SMA and ALK-1...
March 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449462/pulmonary-function-tests-findings-and-their-diagnostic-value-in-patients-with-igg4-related-disease
#11
Lu Cao, Yi-Bing Chen, Da-Hui Zhao, Wen-Fang Shi, Song Meng, Li-Xin Xie
BACKGROUND: IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is an immune-mediated fibroinflammatory disorder that can affect most organs. To date, there have been no detailed assessments of pulmonary function in patients with IgG4-RD. In this study, we investigated pulmonary function in IgG4-RD patients and evaluated the value of pulmonary function tests (PFTs) in diagnosing IgG4-related respiratory disease (IgG4-RRD). METHODS: This was a retrospective study of 17 patients with IgG4-RD...
March 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449186/the-risk-of-lower-gastrointestinal-bleeding-in-low-dose-aspirin-users
#12
W-C Chen, K-H Lin, Y-T Huang, T-J Tsai, W-C Sun, S-K Chuah, D-C Wu, P-I Hsu
BACKGROUND: Aspirin increases the risk of gastrointestinal bleeding. AIM: To investigate the risk of lower gastrointestinal bleeding (LGIB) in aspirin users. METHODS: Low-dose (75-325 mg daily) aspirin users and controls matched by age, gender and enrollment time in a 1:5 ratio were selected from 1 million randomly sampled subjects in the National Health Insurance Research Database of Taiwan. Cox proportional hazard regression models were developed to evaluate the predictors of LGIB with adjustments for age, gender, comorbidities including coronary artery disease, ischaemic stroke, diabetes, hypertension, chronic kidney disease, liver cirrhosis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, dyslipidemia, uncomplicated peptic ulcer disease, history of peptic ulcer bleeding, and concomitant use of clopidogrel, ticlopidine, warfarin, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors, steroids, proton pump inhibitors (PPIs), histamine-2 receptor antagonists (H2RAs), nitrates, alendronate, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and calcium channel blockers...
April 27, 2017: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449098/insights-on-persistent-airway-infection-by-nontypeable-haemophilus-influenzae-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#13
Christian P Ahearn, Mary C Gallo, Timothy F Murphy
Nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi) is the most common bacterial cause of infection of the lower airways in adults with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Infection of the COPD airways causes acute exacerbations, resulting in substantial morbidity and mortality. NTHi has evolved multiple mechanisms to establish infection in the hostile environment of the COPD airways, allowing the pathogen to persist in the airways for months to years. Persistent infection of the COPD airways contributes to chronic airway inflammation that increases symptoms and accelerates the progressive loss of pulmonary function, which is a hallmark of the disease...
April 25, 2017: Pathogens and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449053/fresh-fruit-consumption-and-all-cause-and-cause-specific-mortality-findings-from-the-china-kadoorie-biobank
#14
Huaidong Du, Liming Li, Derrick Bennett, Ling Yang, Yu Guo, Timothy J Key, Zheng Bian, Yiping Chen, Robin G Walters, Iona Y Millwood, Junshi Chen, Junzheng Wang, Xue Zhou, Le Fang, Yijun Li, Xianzhi Li, Rory Collins, Richard Peto, Zhengming Chen
Background: Higher fruit consumption is associated with lower risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Substantial uncertainties remain, however, about the associations of fruit consumption with all-cause mortality and mortality from subtypes of CVD and major non-vascular diseases, especially in China. Methods: In 2004-08, the nationwide China Kadoorie Biobank Study recruited > 0.5 million adults aged 30-79 years from 10 diverse localities in China. Fresh fruit consumption was estimated using an interviewer-administered electronic questionnaire, and mortality data were collected from death registries...
April 24, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449004/minimal-detectable-change-for-balance-measurements-in-patients-with-copd
#15
Wajdi Mkacher, Zouhair Tabka, Yassine Trabelsi
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the reliability and minimal detectable change (MDC) of various outcome measures that are potentially suitable for evaluating postural control in individuals with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). METHODS: This was a test-retest reliability study. Participants with COPD were asked to complete 5 balance assessments, separated by 1 week. The assessments included Timed Up and Go (TUG) Test, Unipodal Stance Test (UST), Tinetti Test, Berg Balance Scale (BBS), and the Activities Balance Confidence (ABC) scale...
May 2017: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448615/emphysema-is-associated-with-thoracic-vertebral-bone-attenuation-on-chest-ct-scan-in-hiv-infected-individuals
#16
Alycia Petraglia, Joseph K Leader, Matthew Gingo, Meghan Fitzpatrick, John Ries, Cathy Kessinger, Lorrie Lucht, Danielle Camp, Alison Morris, Jessica Bon
BACKGROUND: Age-related chronic diseases are prevalent in HIV-infected persons in the antiretroviral therapy (ART) era. Bone mineral density (BMD) loss and emphysema have separately been shown to occur at a younger age and with lesser risk exposure in HIV-infected compared to HIV-uninfected individuals. In non-HIV infected smokers, emphysema has been shown to independently predict low BMD. We hypothesized that emphysema would independently associate with thoracic vertebral bone attenuation, a surrogate for bone mineral density, in HIV-infected individuals...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448542/diminished-plasma-levels-of-common-%C3%AE-chain-cytokines-in-pulmonary-tuberculosis-and-reversal-following-treatment
#17
Nathella Pavan Kumar, Vaithilingam V Banurekha, Dina Nair, Subash Babu
BACKGROUND: The immune response to tuberculosis (TB) is T cell dependent. T cells are the major facilitators of protection and effector functions with CD4+ T cells being the most important players, followed by CD8+ T cells. The common γ-chain cytokines IL-2, IL-7, IL-15, and IL-21 play a vital role in peripheral T cell growth and survival. However, the role of common γ-chain cytokines in pulmonary TB (PTB) is poorly understood. AIM AND METHODS: To examine the association of circulating common γ-chain cytokines with TB disease or infection, we examined the systemic levels of IL-2, IL-7, IL-15, and IL-21 in individuals with PTB, latent TB (LTB) or no TB infection (NTB)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448535/alpha-1-antitrypsin-supplementation-improves-alveolar-macrophages-efferocytosis-and-phagocytosis-following-cigarette-smoke-exposure
#18
Karina A Serban, Daniela N Petrusca, Andrew Mikosz, Christophe Poirier, Angelia D Lockett, Lauren Saint, Matthew J Justice, Homer L Twigg, Michael A Campos, Irina Petrache
Cigarette smoking (CS), the main risk factor for COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) in developed countries, decreases alveolar macrophages (AM) clearance of both apoptotic cells and bacterial pathogens. This global deficit of AM engulfment may explain why active smokers have worse outcomes of COPD exacerbations, episodes characterized by airway infection and inflammation that carry high morbidity and healthcare cost. When administered as intravenous supplementation, the acute phase-reactant alpha-1 antitrypsin (A1AT) reduces the severity of COPD exacerbations in A1AT deficient (AATD) individuals and of bacterial pneumonia in murine models, but the effect of A1AT on AM scavenging functions has not been reported...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448378/a-mixed-method-review-of-tobacco-cessation-for-the-cardiopulmonary-rehabilitation-clinician
#19
Ana Mola, Madeleine M Lloyd, Miguel A Villegas-Pantoja
PURPOSE: To systematically survey the literature, describe the current tobacco science, and perform a mixed method review of randomized control trials of tobacco research in the cardiopulmonary population. METHODS: Mixed method review was conducted on major resource databases. Inclusion criteria were English language with a minimum follow-up of 6 months, published between January 1, 2007, and June 30, 2016; adult smokers ≥18 years of age with cardiovascular and/or pulmonary disease; initiation of subject recruitment from hospital or community; tobacco cessation (TC) as the main aim of the study; biometric validation of smoking status; first-line TC medications; and nonpharmacological treatments...
May 2017: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448239/extranodal-marginal-zone-lymphoma-no-longer-just-a-sidekick
#20
Manali K Kamdar, Sonali M Smith
The Oncology Grand Rounds series is designed to place original reports published in the Journal into clinical context. A case presentation is followed by a description of diagnostic and management challenges, a review of the relevant literature, and a summary of the authors' suggested management approaches. The goal of this series is to help readers better understand how to apply the results of key studies, including those published in Journal of Clinical Oncology, to patients seen in their own clinical practice...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
keyword
keyword
70960
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"