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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677480/effect-of-healthy-and-unhealthy-habits-on-obesity-a-multicentric-study
#1
Mirta Crovetto, Macarena Valladares, Valentina Espinoza, Francisco Mena, Gloria Oñate, Macarena Fernandez, Samuel Durán-Agüero
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to characterize and compare eating patterns of university students in Chile, by sex and body weight, body mass index, and nutritional status. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study. University students (n = 1454) of Chile were evaluated. A self-assessment survey was used to evaluate healthy eating habits using a questionnaire with values between 1 (do not consume) and 5 (consume) for a total of 9 to 45 points (higher values represent better eating habits)...
February 19, 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672181/pilates-physical-activity-and-diet-survey-an-italian-self-administered-questionnaire-evaluating-diet-habits-of-gym-goers-validation-process
#2
Vincenza Gianfredi, Daniele Nucci, Francesco Ceccarelli, Milena Villarini, Massimo Moretti
PILATES study aims are to assess the main characteristics related to food habits, diet behaviors, and nutrition knowledge and how and where gym-goers get information on dietary supplementation. We present evidence for the reliability, feasibility, and construct validity of the PILATES questionnaire. Cohen's kappa statistic (k) for dichotomous variables was used to assess the agreement between the two administrations (interrater agreement). The nutrient composition and energy of food were derived from the Food Composition Database for Epidemiological Studies in Italy (Banca Dati di Composizione degli Alimenti per Studi Epidemiologici in Italia - BDA)...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670754/student-experiences-with-traffic-light-labels-at-college-cafeterias-a-mixed-methods-study
#3
M W Seward, J P Block, A Chatterjee
Objective: To assess student perceptions of traffic-light labels (TLLs) in college cafeterias. Design: Cross-sectional, mixed-methods study. Setting: One northeastern US college. Participants: A total of 1,294 survey respondents; 57 focus group participants. Interventions: Seven-week traffic-light labelling (green = 'nutrient-rich', yellow = 'less nutrient-rich', red = 'more nutrient-rich choice in green or yellow') intervention at two college cafeterias...
April 2018: Obesity Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668008/the-secular-trend-and-network-effects-on-height-of-male-japanese-students-from-1955-to-2015
#4
Dominik Bents, Detlef Groth, Takashi Satake
Introduction : Body height is influenced by biological factors such as genetics, nutrition and health, but also by the social network, and environmental and economical factors. During centuries, the Japanese society has developed on islands. This setting provides ideal natural conditions for studying the influence of social networks on human height. Material and methods : We investigated body height of male Japanese students aged 17.5 years obtained in 47 prefectures, from the Japanese school health survey of the years 1955, 1975, 1995, and 2015...
April 18, 2018: Anthropologischer Anzeiger; Bericht über die Biologisch-anthropologische Literatur
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661442/weight-gain-and-acute-rejection-in-patients-submitted-to-pulmonary-transplantation-a-retrospective-cohort-of-10-years
#5
I Carvalho Araújo, L Proença Vieira, A C di Creddo Alves, M Naoyuki Samano, R H de Oliveira Braga Teixeira
OBJECTIVE: Acute rejection is one of the most common complications after pulmonary transplantation. The aim of this work was to verify the association of nutritional status and weight gain with acute rejection in the recipient during the 1st year after pulmonary transplantation. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study with patients submitted to pulmonary transplantation at a pulmonary transplantation center in the state of São Paulo. Data on sex, age, underlying disease, type of transplantation, and presence, degree, and frequency of rejection according to the transbronchial biopsy results were collected, along with body mass index (BMI) and weight variation over the course of 1 year...
April 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658946/association-between-overweight-and-obesity-with-school-performance-in-secondary-students-in-merida-mexico
#6
Juan Carlos Salazar-Rendón, Nina Méndez, Hugo Azcorra
Background: Some studies have found a negative relationship between obesity and school performance in scholars. However, this topic has not been studied in depth in Mexico. The aim of this study was to analyze the association between overweight and obesity with school performance in secondary school students from Merida. Methods: Weight and height were measured, and body mass index was calculated in a sample of 566 secondary students in Merida. Nutritional status was classified in normal weight (-2-<+1 standard deviation [SD]), overweight (+1-<2 SD) and obesity (> + 2 SD) according to the World Health Organization criteria...
2018: Boletín Médico del Hospital Infantil de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629032/comparison-of-body-image-perception-nutrition-knowledge-dietary-attitudes-and-dietary-habits-between-korean-and-mongolian-college-students
#7
Zolzaya Erdenebileg, So Hyun Park, Kyung Ja Chang
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: College students are in transition from adolescence to adulthood, and it has been reported that they show poor dietary habits. This study was conducted to compare body image perception, nutrition knowledge, dietary attitudes, dietary habits, and health-related lifestyles between Korean college students (KCS) and Mongolian college students (MCS). SUBJECTS/METHODS: Subjects were 314 KCS and 280 MCS. The data includes results of self-administered questionnaires; statistical analysis was performed using the SPSS 23...
April 2018: Nutrition Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617489/longitudinal-study-on-the-lifestyle-and-health-of-university-students-eleseu-design-methodological-procedures-and-preliminary-results
#8
Patrícia Simone Nogueira, Márcia Gonçalves Ferreira, Paulo Rogério Melo Rodrigues, Ana Paula Muraro, Lídia Pitaluga Pereira, Rosangela Alves Pereira
Admission to a university may cause significant changes in the pattern of exposure to health risks. The aim of this paper is to describe the study design and methodological procedures adopted in the Longitudinal Study on the Lifestyle and Health of University Students (ELESEU). This study examines a dynamic cohort of full-time students at a public university in the State of Mato Grosso, Brazil. This research, which started in 2015, will have four years of follow-up and is scheduled to end in 2018. A self-administered questionnaire is applied, containing questions regarding demographic and socioeconomic characteristics, and information on health conditions and risk factors such as lifestyle, perceived stress, symptoms of depression, body image, risk behaviors for eating disorders, self-assessment of health and diet quality, and other issues related to nutrition and health...
March 29, 2018: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614009/nutrition-labelling-use-and-higher-adherence-to-mediterranean-diet-results-from-the-disa-umh-study
#9
Eva María Navarrete-Muñoz, Laura Torres-Collado, Desirée Valera-Gran, Sandra Gonzalez-Palacios, Laura María Compañ-Gabucio, Sergio Hernández-Sánchez, Manuela García-de-la-Hera
The aim of this study was to identify determinants of the nutrition labelling (NL) use and explore its association with the adherence to Mediterranean Diet (MD) in Spanish health university students. We performed a cross-sectional analysis of the baseline data from 1026 university students aged 17-35 years enrolled in the DiSA-UMH (Dieta, Salud y Antropometría-Universidad Miguel Hernández) cohort study. Students were asked about their NL use by the following question: "Do you usually read the nutrition labelling of packaged foods?" (No, Yes)...
April 3, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599102/assessment-of-dietary-intake-in-spanish-university-students-of-health-sciences
#10
María Correa-Rodríguez, Gabriela Pocovi, Jacqueline Schmidt-RioValle, Emilio González-Jiménez, Blanca Rueda-Medina
INTRODUCTION: Nutritional intake during early ages has been associated to disease onset later in life. This study aimed to assess dietary intake in Spanish university students of health sciences as compared to national recommended dietary intakes (DRIs). METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted including 585 university students of health sciences aged 18-25 years. Dietary intake was assessed using a 72-h diet recall. A control group was selected from Spanish National Dietary Intake Survey (ENIDE) data...
March 26, 2018: Endocrinología, Diabetes y Nutrición
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589693/-impact-of-dissemination-of-a-diet-and-physical-activity-pamphlet-to-8th-grade-students-in-france
#11
Hélène Mathiot, Angélique Nugier, Viêt Nguyen-Thanh
INTRODUCTION: "J'aime manger, j'aime bouger, le guide nutrition pour les adolescents", ("I love to eat and move, the nutrition pamphlet for teenagers"), which is one of the eight information guides of the French Nutritional and Health Programme, is distributed annually by Santé publique France, the national public health agency, to 8th grade students by their biology teachers. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of this dissemination plan and the way 8th grade students and biology teachers perceive the pamphlet...
January 2018: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588824/the-status-and-predictors-of-hypertension-preventive-nutritional-behaviors-in-adolescents-based-on-the-constructs-of-the-theory-of-planned-behavior
#12
Mohammad Matlabi, Reza Esmaeili, Mahdi Moshki, Afsaneh Ranaei, Alireza Haji, Rahele Mehrabi
Background: Malnutrition is an important factor affecting hypertensive incidence. Since the unhealthiest nutritional behaviors are rooted in childhood attitudes and experiences, applying educational interventions to these age groups will be most useful in the formation of preventive nutritional behaviors. Objective: To determine the predictive power of the TPB on hypertension in junior high-school students. Methods: The present cross-sectional study was conducted on 160 junior high-school students in Kashmar, Iran in academic year commencing 2-13-2014, selected through random sampling...
January 2018: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587455/role-of-nutrition-in-alcoholic-liver-disease-summary-of-the-symposium-at-the-esbra-2017-congress
#13
Kusum K Kharbanda, Martin J J Ronis, Colin T Shearn, Dennis R Petersen, Samir Zakhari, Dennis R Warner, Ariel E Feldstein, Craig J McClain, Irina A Kirpich
The symposium, "Role of Nutrition in Alcoholic Liver Disease", was held at the European Society for Biomedical Research on Alcoholism Congress on 9 October 2017 in Crete, Greece. The goal of the symposium was to highlight recent advances and developments in the field of alcohol and nutrition. The symposium was focused on experimental and clinical aspects in relation to the role of different types of dietary nutrients and malnutrition in the pathogenesis of alcoholic liver disease (ALD). The following is a summary of key research presented at this session...
March 26, 2018: Biomolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582950/-hadassah-medical-organization-a-pioneer-in-population-health
#14
REVIEW
Ronit Calderon-Margalit, Hagai Levine, Avi Israeli, Ora Paltiel
Population health is a term encompassing "the health outcomes of a group of individuals, including the distribution of such outcomes within the group." Only recently have hospitals viewed themselves as focal points for promoting health in a community, involving themselves with population health. Hadassah Medical Organization (HMO), however, has been in the business of population health since its founding. Its early programs, promoting and delivering nutritional support, maternal-child health and other services to the Yishuv's inhabitants, showed that the HMO defined its community broadly...
March 2018: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575854/differences-in-physical-activity-and-nutritionand-silhouette-related-behaviours-in-male-and-female-students-in-selected-european-countries
#15
Barbara Bergier, Józef Bergier, Ewelina Niźnikowska, Ján Junger, Ferdinand Salonna, Pongrác Ács, Karel Frömel
INTRODUCTION: As indicated by the WHO, lifestyle plays a unique role in human health, which in turn is determined to a great extent by physical activity and nutrition. It must be borne in mind that physical activity should be systematic and regulated by an age-appropriate exercise intensity. All this indicates that learning about students' lifestyle, with a particular focus on physical activity is vital as it these young people who aspire to the role of the future elites. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study is to evaluate the level of physical activity, nutrition- and silhouette-related behaviours of male and female students to assess the relationships between these variables in students from the Visegrad Group countries...
March 14, 2018: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562625/looking-through-the-keyhole-exploring-realities-and-possibilities-for-school-breakfast-programs-in-rural-western-australia
#16
Simon O Ichumar, Emma E Dahlberg, Ellen B Paynter, Fiona M C Lucey, Miranda R Chester, Lennelle Papertalk, Sandra C Thompson
OBJECTIVE: To assess the school breakfast program (SBP) in two schools with high Aboriginal student populations in rural Western Australia, their contribution to holistic support, nutritional health education and possibilities for improvement. METHODS: The operations and functioning of one regional and one remote SBP were assessed by stakeholder inquiry related to process and challenges, observations and documentary review. An intervention to increase health education, social interaction and learning about nutrition and food origins implemented in one school was assessed...
March 17, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553811/mediterranean-diet-in-a-sicilian-student-population-second-part-breakfast-and-its-nutritional-profile
#17
Daniela Metro, Mattia Papa, Luigi Manasseri, Teresa Gervasi, Luca Campone, Vito Pellizzeri, Roberta Tardugno, Giacomo Dugo
Breakfast habits affect the nutritional status and health of people, in particular children and adolescents. This is the second part a previous study about the adherence to the Mediterranean diet in a Sicilian (Italy) student population. The investigation analysed both normal weight and overweight subjects in order to understand how eating habits, number of meals and daily calorie intakes could affect their body mass indexes (BMI). The aim of this second part was to analyse the breakfast nutritional profiles of this student population...
March 19, 2018: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549071/exploring-digital-health-use-and-opinions-of-university-students-field-survey-study
#18
Ilaria Montagni, Tanguy Cariou, Tiphaine Feuillet, Emmanuel Langlois, Christophe Tzourio
BACKGROUND: During university, students face some potentially serious health risks, and their lifestyle can have a direct effect on health and health behaviors later in life. Concurrently, university students are digital natives having easy access to the internet and new technologies. Digital health interventions offer promising new opportunities for health promotion, disease prevention, and care in this specific population. The description of the current use of and opinions on digital health among university students can inform future digital health strategies and interventions within university settings...
March 15, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29548789/building-healthy-communities-a-comprehensive-school-health-program-to-prevent-obesity-in-elementary-schools
#19
Erin E Centeio, Nate McCaughtry, E Whitney G Moore, Noel Kulik, Alex Garn, Jeffrey Martin, Bo Shen, Cheryl L Somers, Mariane Fahlman
Obesity among children is highly prevalent and can lead to risk factors for chronic disease in adulthood. Key organizations have called on schools to play a larger role by increasing children's physical activity and nutrition by adopting an overall culture of health. This study examined the impact of a socioecological theory driven school-wide nutrition and physical activity intervention on 5th graders' central adiposity and obesity level. In 2015-2016, in the Midwest region of U.S., four treatment and two control schools, including 628 (377 treatment) 5th grade children participated in an eight-month intervention...
March 13, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543497/queering-educational-practices-in-dietetics-training-a-critical-review-of-lgbtq-inclusion-strategies
#20
Phillip Joy, Matthew Numer
Lesbian, gay, bisexual, trans, and queer people (LGBTQ) have unique concerns regarding their nutritional health while experiencing disparities within the Canadian healthcare system. Dietetic training programs often do not provide adequate knowledge or skills to students to be competent in meeting the needs of this population. Drawing from literature from other health programs, this paper outlines key strategies to the integration of LGBTQ curriculum into dietetic training programs. LGBTQ training can help students gain cultural competencies, knowledge and understanding of the LGBTQ communities, and the nutritional concerns within them...
March 15, 2018: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
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