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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087497/developing-nutrition-label-reading-skills-a-web-based-practice-approach
#1
Lisa M Soederberg Miller, Laurel A Beckett, Jacqueline J Bergman, Machelle D Wilson, Elizabeth A Applegate, Tanja N Gibson
BACKGROUND: Nutrition labels offer the information needed to follow Dietary Guidelines for Americans, yet many individuals use labels infrequently or ineffectively due to limited comprehension and the effort required to use them. OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to develop and test a Web-based label-reading training tool to improve individuals' ability to use labels to select more healthful foods. We were particularly interested in determining whether practice can lead to increased accuracy using labels as well as decreased effort, together reflecting greater efficiency...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077151/multi-strategic-intervention-to-enhance-implementation-of-healthy-canteen-policy-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#2
Luke Wolfenden, Nicole Nathan, Lisa M Janssen, John Wiggers, Kathryn Reilly, Tessa Delaney, Christopher M Williams, Colin Bell, Rebecca Wyse, Rachel Sutherland, Libby Campbell, Christophe Lecathelinais, Chris Oldmeadow, Megan Freund, Sze Lin Yoong
BACKGROUND: Internationally, governments have implemented school-based nutrition policies to restrict the availability of unhealthy foods from sale. The aim of the trial was to assess the effectiveness of a multi-strategic intervention to increase implementation of a state-wide healthy canteen policy. The impact of the intervention on the energy, total fat, and sodium of children's canteen purchases and on schools' canteen revenue was also assessed. METHODS: Australian primary schools with a canteen were randomised to receive a 12-14-month, multi-strategic intervention or to a no intervention control group...
January 11, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076921/classroom-nutrition-education-combined-with-fruit-and-vegetable-taste-testing-improves-children-s-dietary-intake
#3
Abby Gold, Mary Larson, Jared Tucker, Michelle Strang
BACKGROUND: We tested the effectiveness of the Go Wild With Fruits and Veggies! (GWWFV) Extension curriculum on increasing fruit and vegetable (FV) intake of third graders. METHODS: An intervention study was used testing self-reported FV intake pre/post GWWFV. Recruited schools were randomized to control (12 schools, N = 369, third grade children) or intervention (14 schools, N = 378, third grade children). Measures included items from a validated FV food frequency survey...
February 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074059/school-environment-and-policies-child-eating-behavior-and-overweight-obesity-in-urban-china-the-childhood-obesity-study-in-china-mega-cities
#4
P Jia, M Li, H Xue, L Lu, F Xu, Y Wang
OBJECTIVES: Childhood obesity is rising rapidly in China, especially in urban areas. Knowledge about how school environment and policies (SEP) may have contributed to the epidemic remains limited. We examined SEP and their associations with students' eating behaviors and overweight/obesity in urban China. METHODS: Data were collected from 1648 students (plus their parents and schools) in 16 primary and middle schools (4 schools/per city) in four mega-cities across China: Beijing, Shanghai, Nanjing, and Xi'an...
January 11, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073739/the-associations-among-individual-factors-ehealth-literacy-and-health-promoting-lifestyles-among-college-students
#5
Shu-Ching Yang, Yi-Fang Luo, Chia-Hsun Chiang
BACKGROUND: eHealth literacy is gaining importance for maintaining and promoting health. Studies have found that individuals with high eHealth literacy are more likely to adopt healthy eating, exercise, and sleep behaviors. In addition, previous studies have shown that various individual factors (eg, frequency of seeking information on health issues, degree of health concern, frequency of eating organic food, and students' college major) are associated with eHealth literacy and health-promoting lifestyles...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073622/cost-of-children-s-healthy-vs-unhealthy-snacks-does-not-differ-at-convenience-stores
#6
Robin S DeWeese, Punam Ohri-Vachaspati
OBJECTIVE: This study compared the prices of unhealthy (chips) and healthy (ready-to-eat fruit) snacks that students are likely to purchase from corner stores. METHODS: Snacks were purchased from 325 New Jersey corner stores; chip prices were compared with fruit prices overall and by store sales volume and block group characteristics. RESULTS: Prices did not differ significantly between chips and fruit in the overall sample in which both items were available (n = 104) (chips: $0...
January 7, 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073617/district-policies-and-practices-vary-in-their-association-with-adolescents-consumption-of-milk-and-100-fruit-juice
#7
Sarah A Sliwa, Gabrielle F Miller, Nancy D Brener, Sohyun Park, Caitlin L Merlo
PURPOSE: Researchers previously examined the relationship between school beverage policies and sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption. This study addressed a research gap by examining cross-sectional associations between district-level policies and practices and U.S. high school students' consumption of milk and 100% fruit juice. METHODS: Data from the 2012 School Health Policies and Practices Study and 2013 Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System were linked for 12 large urban school districts...
January 7, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073166/low-sugar-nutrition-policies-and-dental-caries-a-study-of-primary-schools-in-south-auckland
#8
Simon Thornley, Roger Marshall, Gary Reynolds, Pauline Koopu, Gerhard Sundborn, Grant Schofield
AIM: The study assessed whether a healthy food policy implemented in one school, Yendarra Primary, situated in a socio-economically deprived area of South Auckland, had improved student oral health by comparing dental caries levels with students of similar schools in the same region with no such policy. METHODS: Records of caries of the primary and adult teeth were obtained between 2007 and 2014 for children attending Yendarra, and were compared to those of eight other public schools in the area, with a similar demographic profile...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060439/factors-associated-with-unexpected-admissions-and-mortality-among-low-functioning-older-patients-receiving-home-medical-care
#9
Hiroyuki Umegaki, Atushi Asai, Shigeru Kanda, Keiko Maeda, Takuya Shimojima, Hideki Nomura, Masafumi Kuzuya
AIM: The need for and availability of home medical care for elderly patients with limitations in terms of access to medical facilities has been increasing. We investigated the association between low function, malnutrition, dementia and multicomorbidity with patient prognosis, focusing on unexpected hospital admissions and mortality in elderly non-cancer patients receiving home care. METHODS: The study included 124 Japanese patients receiving home medical care in the form of regular visits from doctors and nurses for physical and/or mental disability...
January 6, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058977/the-shrinking-of-formalized-nutrition-education-in-health-professions-curricula-and-postgraduate-training
#10
Gordon S Sacks
The quantity of formalized nutrition education is shrinking in curricula of health professions, such as physicians, nurses, dietitians, and pharmacists. The current nutrition education being taught in U.S. schools of healthcare professionals does not appropriately prepare students for identification of patients at nutrition risk or management of undernourished hospitalized patients with specialized nutrition therapies. In U.S. schools of pharmacy, parenteral nutrition is considered a highly specialized and advanced practice so little time is devoted to this area and more attention is focused on chronic disease state management (ie, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and congestive heart failure)...
January 1, 2017: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053924/association-between-periodontal-condition-and-nutritional-status-of-brazilian-adolescents-a-population-based-study
#11
Alessandro L Cavalcanti, Ianny A Ramos, Andreia M R Cardoso, Liege Helena F Fernandes, Amanda S Aragão, Fábio G Santos, Yêska P C Aguiar, Danielle F Carvalho, Carla C M Medeiros, Renata De S C Soares, Ricardo D Castro
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a serious problem of public health and affects all socio-economic groups, irrespective of age, sex or ethnicity. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between periodontal condition and nutritional status of adolescents. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study using a probability cluster sampling, and the sample was defined by statistical criterion, consisting of 559 students aged 15-19 yr enrolled in public schools of adolescents of Campina Grande, PB, Brazil in 2012...
December 2016: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050995/anaemia-in-adolescent-girls-an-intervention-of-diet-editing-and-counselling
#12
Andezhath K Susheela, Rashmi Gupta, Nisith K Mondal
BACKGROUND: Though a major public health problem of nutritional anaemia in schoolchildren is being addressed by iron supplementation and/or fortified food, they continue to be anaemic. We aimed to study the effect of fluoride consumption on haemoglobin levels and whether elimination of fluoride from the diet would correct anaemia in children. METHODS: Two hundred and fifty adolescent girls, 10-17 years of age, from a government senior secondary girls school in East Delhi, participated in the programme...
July 2016: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050501/assessment-of-dental-nutrition-knowledge-among-nutrition-dietetics-students
#13
Salil Bapat, Kailash Asawa, Nagesh Bhat, Mridula Tak, Vivek V Gupta, Pulkit Chaturvedi, Hemasha Daryani, Kushal Shinde
INTRODUCTION: Diet and nutrition plays an important role in signifying the health of an individual. Oral health is the most important aspect of the body when it comes to food intake and its health benefits. It is important for the nutrition/dietetics students to be aware of the health modalities related to oral aspect. AIM: The aim of the present study was to assess knowledge towards the effect of diet and nutrition on oral health among nutrition/dietetics students of Udaipur city, Rajasthan, India...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049276/comparison-of-the-nutrient-based-standards-for-school-lunches-among-south-korea-japan-and-taiwan
#14
Meeyoung Kim, Satoko Abe, Chengyu Zhang, Soyoung Kim, Jiyu Choi, Emely Hernandez, Miho Nozue, Jihyun Yoon
Nutritional standards are important guidelines for providing students with nutritionally-balanced school meals. This study compared nutrient-based school lunch standards regulated by South Korea, Japan, and Taiwan. The data were collected from relevant literature and websites of each country during September 2014. The number of classification groups of target students was 8, 5, and 5 for South Korea, Japan, and Taiwan, respectively. Gender was considered across all age groups in South Korea but only for high school students in Taiwan...
January 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032042/dental-fluorosis-fluoride-in-urine-and-nutritional-status-in-adolescent-students-living-in-the-rural-areas-of-guanajuato-mexico
#15
Aguilar-Díaz Fatima Del Carmen, de la Fuente-Hernández Javier, Cintra-Viveiro Cristina Aline
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess urine fluoride concentration, nutritional status, and dental fluorosis in adolescent students living in the rural areas of Guanajuato, Mexico. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted including participants aged 11-20 years. The presence and severity of dental fluorosis was registered according to the Thylstrup and Fejerskov index (TFI) criteria. Anthropometric measures were also recorded. Urine sample of the first morning spot was recollected to assess urine fluoride concentration by using the potentiometric method with an ion-selective electrode...
November 2016: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027671/nutrition-status-of-primary-school-students-in-two-rural-regions-of-guinea-bissau
#16
Edward Saltzman, Nina Schlossman, Carrie A Brown, Ionela Balan, Paul Fuss, Payal Batra, Augusto Braima de Sa, Mary Kyla Shea, William M Pruzensky, Carlito Bale, Susan B Roberts
BACKGROUND: The nutrition status of primary schoolchildren in Africa has received relatively little attention in comparison to that of younger children. We surveyed primary school students in Guinea-Bissau, a nation that is among the poorest in the world. OBJECTIVE: Anthropometry and prevalence of anemia and vitamin A deficiency were assessed in schoolchildren participating in International Partnership for Human Development's school feeding program in 2 regions of Guinea-Bissau...
January 1, 2016: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027636/a-social-cognitive-theory-based-programme-for-eating-patterns-and-sedentary-activity-among-overweight-adolescents-in-makassar-south-sulawesi-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#17
Healthy Hidayanty, Saptawati Bardosono, Helda Khusun, Rita Damayanti, Risatianti Kolopaking
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Social cognitive theory provides the opportunity for program development to enhance healthy personal behvioural characteristics. We devised study to employ social cognitive theory to reduce snacking habits and sedentary activity among overweight adolescents . METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Eight junior high schools in Makassar city were randomly assigned as intervention and control schools. A total of 238 overweight students aged 11-15 years (BMI z-score >=1 SD, according to a 2007 report from the WHO) were recruited...
December 2016: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026708/beverages-and-snacks-available-in-vending-machines-from-a-subset-of-ontario-secondary-schools-do-offerings-align-with-provincial-nutrition-standards
#18
Taryn Orava, Steve Manske, Rhona Hanning
OBJECTIVES: As part of an evaluation of Ontario's School Food and Beverage Policy (P/PM 150) in a populous Ontario region, this research aimed to: 1) identify, describe and categorize beverages and snacks available for purchase in secondary school vending machines according to P/PM 150 standards; and 2) compare the number and percentage of beverages and snacks within P/PM 150 categories (Sell Most, Sell Less, Not Permitted) from Time I (2012/2013) to Time II (2014). METHODS: Representatives from consenting secondary schools assisted researchers in completing a Food Environmental Scan checklist in Times I and II...
December 27, 2016: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024831/impact-of-a-comprehensive-intervention-to-families-with-teenage-sons-with-overweight-and-obesity-in-a-primary-care-setting-a-case-report
#19
Alma Delia Laguna-Alcaraz, Oliva Mejía-Rodríguez, Ana Luisa Rendón-Paredes, Rafael Villa-Barajas, Ramón Paniagua
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity in adolescence is a public health problem and a risk factor for chronic noncommunicable diseases. To prevent further diseases, preventive interventions are needed, including educational programmes, addressed in a primary care setting, that include the whole family. The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of a comprehensive intervention, targeting families with teenage sons with overweight and obesity, in the lifestyle, cardiovascular risk factors and metabolic syndrome in a primary care setting...
December 19, 2016: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017910/nutrition-knowledge-and-mediterranean-diet-adherence-in-the-southeast-united-states-validation-of-a-field-based-survey-instrument
#20
Mary Rose Bottcher, Patricia Z Marincic, Katie L Nahay, Brittany E Baerlocher, Amy W Willis, Jieun Park, Philippe Gaillard, Michael W Greene
The Mediterranean diet (MD) can reduce chronic disease risk and is a recommended diet for prevention and management of diabetes. Adherence to the MD in the southeast United States where obesity and diabetes are highly prevalent is unknown. The purpose of the present study was to: 1) construct a survey instrument relevant to the general population integrating both MD related nutrition knowledge and adherence questions from previously validated instruments, and 2) assess MD related nutrition knowledge and adherence in a sample population in the southest United States...
December 22, 2016: Appetite
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