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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439385/effects-of-tailored-health-education-program-on-overweight-elementary-school-students-obesity-related-lifestyle-a-school-based-interventional-study
#1
Sharareh Haghani, Hossein Shahnazi, Akbar Hassanzadeh
OBJECTIVES: Overweight and obesity are regarded as one of the most serious health and nutrition issues worldwide. This is immediately recognizable in both children and adolescents. In this study, we aimed to determine the effects of tailored education on lifestyle modification in elementary school students in Isfahan. METHODS: In a quasi-experimental study, two elementary schools in Isfahan District 3, Iran, were randomly selected to determine the intervention and comparison groups...
March 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429902/validity-and-practicability-of-smartphone-based-photographic-food-records-for-estimating-energy-and-nutrient-intake
#2
Kaimeng Kong, Lulu Zhang, Lisu Huang, Yexuan Tao
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Image-assisted dietary assessment methods are frequently used to record individual eating habits. This study tested the validity of a smartphone-based photographic food recording approach by comparing the results obtained with those of a weighed food record. We also assessed the practicality of the method by using it to measure the energy and nutrient intake of college students. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: The experiment was implemented in two phases, each lasting 2 weeks...
May 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426360/pharmaceutical-cognitive-enhancement-in-greek-university-students-differences-between-users-and-non-users-in-social-cognitive-variables-burnout-and-engagement
#3
Lambros Lazuras, Antonia Ypsilanti, Efthymios Lamprou, Christos Kontogiorgis
Pharmaceutical cognitive enhancement (PCE) represents the non-medical use of prescribed medication for the improvement of cognitive functioning and academic performance. Although there are some studies about PCE prevalence, it is less clear how users and non-users of PCE substances differ with respect to their positive and negative student experiences (e.g. academic burnout and engagement with studies) and in social cognitive variables that relate to decision-making and self-regulation of PCE use. The present study assessed whether students with different experiences of PCE substance use displayed differences in academic burnout, study engagement, and social cognitive variables relevant to PCE use...
June 7, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421806/diet-and-liver-apoptosis-in-rats-a-particular-metabolic-pathway
#4
Maria Emilia Lopes Monteiro, Analucia Rampazzo Xavier, Vilma Blondet Azeredo
INTRODUCTION: Various studies have indicated an association between modifi cation in dietary macronutrient composition and liver apoptosis. OBJECTIVE: To explain how changes in metabolic pathways associated with a high-protein, high-fat, and low-carbohydrate diet causes liver apoptosis. METHODS: Two groups of rats were compared. An experimental diet group (n = 8) using a high-protein (59.46%), high-fat (31.77%), and low-carbohydrate (8.77%) diet versus a control one (n = 9) with American Institute of Nutrition (AIN)-93-M diet...
March 30, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420546/facilitating-fresh-state-laws-supporting-school-gardens-are-associated-with-use-of-garden-grown-produce-in-school-nutrition-services-programs
#5
Lindsey Turner, Julien Leider, Elizabeth Piekarz, Rebecca M Schermbeck, Caitlin Merlo, Nancy Brener, Jamie F Chriqui
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether state laws are associated with the presence of school gardens and the use of garden-grown produce in school nutrition services programs. DESIGN: Nationally representative data from the School Health Policies and Practices Study 2014 were combined with objectively coded state law data regarding school gardens. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Outcomes were: (1) the presence of a school garden at each school (n = 419 schools), and (2) the use of garden-grown items in the school nutrition services program...
April 15, 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420409/assessing-the-status-of-iodine-deficiency-disorder-idd-and-associated-factors-in-wolaita-and-dawro-zones-school-adolescents-southern-ethiopia
#6
Shimelash Bitew Workie, Yemane Gebremariam Abebe, Amha Admasie Gelaye, Tefera Chane Mekonen
BACKGROUND: Iodine deficiency is the major preventable cause of irreversible mental retardation in the world. Ethiopia is a country with high prevalence of iodine deficiency disorders which continue to affect a large number of the country's population. The aim of the study was to assess the prevalence of iodine deficiency disorder in Wolaita and Dawuro zones. METHODS: A descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted in high school and preparatory students in Wolaita and Dawuro zones between April and May 2012...
April 18, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420116/construct-validity-of-an-obesity-risk-screening-tool-in-two-age-groups
#7
Karissa L Peyer, Greg J Welk
Home environment influences child health, but the impact varies as children move into adolescence. The Family Nutrition and Physical Activity (FNPA) screening tool has been used to evaluate home environments, but studies have not compared the utility of the tool in different age groups. The purpose of this study was to examine the efficacy of the FNPA tool in first and tenth grade samples. Parents of first grade (n = 250) and tenth grade (n = 99) students completed the FNPA and results were linked to body mass index (BMI) data...
April 14, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416500/cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-of-a-consumer-behaviour-intervention-to-improve-healthy-food-purchases-from-online-canteens-study-protocol
#8
Tessa Delaney, Rebecca Wyse, Sze Lin Yoong, Rachel Sutherland, John Wiggers, Kylie Ball, Karen Campbell, Chris Rissel, Luke Wolfenden
INTRODUCTION: School canteens represent an opportune setting in which to deliver public health nutrition strategies given their wide reach, and frequent use by children. Online school canteen ordering systems, where students order and pay for their lunch online, provide an avenue to improve healthy canteen purchases through the application of consumer behaviour strategies that impact on purchasing decisions. The aim of this study is to assess the efficacy of a consumer behaviour intervention implemented in an online school canteen ordering system in reducing the kilojoule, saturated fat, sugar and sodium content of primary student lunch orders...
April 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406472/lunch-salad-bars-in-new-orleans-middle-and-high-schools-student-intake-of-fruit-and-vegetables
#9
Carolyn C Johnson, Leann Myers, Adrienne R Mundorf, Keelia O'Malley, Lori Andersen Spruance, Diane M Harris
The school lunch salad bar (SB) is a recommended food environmental strategy to increase access to, and consumption of fruit and vegetables (F/V). In a study to examine use of school lunch SBs, middle and high school students provided data via the Automated Self-Administered 24-h dietary recall (24HDR) tool for kids (ASA24-Kids-2012), a web-based data collection platform. Kilocalories were computed, food groups were assigned and F/V sources were obtained. Students (n = 718) from 12 schools with SBs and nine schools without SBs were approximately 87% African American, over 64% female and most were 7th and 8th graders...
April 13, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403664/milk-options-observation-moo-a-mixed-methods-study-of-chocolate-milk-removal-on-beverage-consumption-and-student-staff-behaviors-in-a-rural-elementary-school
#10
Melinda M Davis, Margaret Spurlock, Katrina Ramsey, Jamie Smith, Beth Ann Beamer, Susan Aromaa, Paul B McGinnis
Providing flavored milk in school lunches is controversial, with conflicting evidence on its impact on nutritional intake versus added sugar consumption and excess weight gain. Nonindustry-sponsored studies using individual-level analyses are needed. Therefore, we conducted this mixed-methods study of flavored milk removal at a rural primary school between May and June 2012. We measured beverage selection/consumption pre- and post-chocolate milk removal and collected observation field notes. We used linear and logistic mixed models to assess beverage waste and identified themes in staff and student reactions...
January 1, 2017: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402217/the-dash-pilot-project-developing-community-based-nutrition-education-for-older-adults
#11
Jan M Ivery, Liza Benton, Ashley Harrison, Melissa Paul, Marielysse Cortés
Nutrition-related chronic health conditions among older adults are a growing concern. Thus, it is important to develop nutrition interventions designed to prevent chronic conditions from occurring and/or progressing. As part of the current study, education nutrition education materials were created for use in Georgia senior centers by graduate nutrition students at Georgia State University. After the nutrition education class, focus groups were conducted with participants (n = 62) to obtain feedback on the content and suggestions on how to improve the class for future groups...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397944/prevalence-of-vitamin-d-deficiency-and-its-associated-factors-in-three-regions-of-saudi-arabia
#12
Ibrahim M Kaddam, Adnan M Al-Shaikh, Bahaa A Abaalkhail, Khalid S Asseri, Yousef M Al-Saleh, Ali A Al-Qarni, Ahmed M Al-Shuaibi, Waleed G Tamimi, Abdelmoneim M Mukhtar
To measure prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in Saudi Arabia, unveil the life style, nutritional habits and status, as well as identify the potential risk factors. Method: A school-based survey targeting Saudi school students and employees was conducted during the  period from 2013 to 2014 using multistage cluster random sample in Central, Western and Eastern regions. The prevalence of vitamin D deficiency and difference between various population subgroups were calculated. Logistic regression analysis was used to determine the predictors of potential risk factors...
April 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395461/-analysis-of-the-epidemiological-characteristics-of-metabolic-syndrome-among-10-16-adolescents-in-7-provinces-in-china-2012
#13
Z H Wang, Z Y Zou, S Wang, Y H Dong, Z G Yang, Z P Yang, X J Wang, J Ma
Objective: To investigate the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MS) among children and adolescents aged 10-16 years old in 7 provinces in China. Methods: Using the method of stratified cluster random sampling, 93 primary and secondary schools were selected from Guangdong, Hunan, Liaoning, Shanghai, Chongqing, Tianjin, and Ningxia provinces in China. A total of 9 296 students aged 10-16 years old with complete physical and biochemical parameters were selected as the subjects of the present study from above 93 primary and secondary schools...
April 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395460/-the-endemic-distribution-and-related-factors-of-elevated-blood-pressure-among-chinese-children-and-adolescents-aged-7-18-years-in-2014
#14
Z Y Zou, Y H Dong, J Ma
Objective: To investigate the endemic distribution and related factors of elevated blood pressure in Chinese children and adolescents aged 7 to 18 years old. Methods: A total of 214 354 students aged 7 to 18 years old with data integrity of height, weight, and blood pressure were selected from Chinese National Survey on Students Constitution and Health in 2014, including 31 provinces (with the exception of Hong Kong, Macao, and Taiwan) in China. The criterion of elevated blood pressure was defined by the diagnosis and treatment guideline of high blood pressure in US children and adolescent...
April 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392918/body-dissatisfaction-excessive-exercise-and-weight-change-strategies-used-by-first-year-undergraduate-students-comparing-health-and-physical-education-and-other-education-students
#15
Zali Yager, Tonia Gray, Christina Curry, Siân A McLean
BACKGROUND: Health and Physical Education (HPE) teachers are known to be under social-, personal-, and employment-related pressure to be and appear physically fit, and to use dangerous dieting and weight control practices. This is problematic due to the influence this may have on their own health and the potential to model these attitudes and behaviours to their future students. METHODS: In this paper, we compare the body image, dieting, disordered eating, and exercise behaviours of first year, HPE, and non-HPE, teacher education students...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390403/farm-fresh-foods-for-healthy-kids-f3hk-an-innovative-community-supported-agriculture-intervention-to-prevent-childhood-obesity-in-low-income-families-and-strengthen-local-agricultural-economies
#16
Rebecca A Seguin, Emily H Morgan, Karla L Hanson, Alice S Ammerman, Stephanie B Jilcott Pitts, Jane Kolodinsky, Marilyn Sitaker, Florence A Becot, Leah M Connor, Jennifer A Garner, Jared T McGuirt
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity persists in the United States and is associated with serious health problems. Higher rates of obesity among children from disadvantaged households may be, in part, attributable to disparities in access to healthy foods such as fruits and vegetables. Community supported agriculture can improve access to and consumption of fresh produce, but the upfront payment structure, logistical barriers, and unfamiliarity with produce items may inhibit participation by low-income families...
April 8, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388931/development-and-validation-of-an-arabic-questionnaire-to-assess-psychosocial-determinants-of-eating-behavior-among-adolescents-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Leila Itani, Hanadi Chatila, Hani Dimassi, Fikrat El Sahn
BACKGROUND: There is a scarcity of studies that evaluate the psychosocial determinants of eating behavior among adolescents in the Eastern Mediterranean region. The availability of such data is limited by the lack of valid culturally appropriate tools. The current study aims to develop and validate an Arabic questionnaire that measures psychosocial determinants of eating behavior among adolescents. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out to validate a five-scale questionnaire developed to measure nutrition-related knowledge, attitude, practices, and self-efficacy and social norms...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386386/prevalence-and-determinants-of-sufficient-fruit-and-vegetable-consumption-among-primary-school-children-in-nakhon-pathom-thailand
#18
Seo Ah Hong, Noppawan Piaseu
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Low consumption of fruit and vegetable is frequently viewed as an important contributor to obesity risk. With increasing childhood obesity and relatively low fruit and vegetable consumption among Thai children, there is a need to identify the determinants of the intake to promote fruit and vegetable consumption effectively. SUBJECTS/METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted at two conveniently selected primary schools in Nakhon Pathom...
April 2017: Nutrition Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382666/improving-school-experiences-for-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes
#19
Saori S Kise, Amanda Hopkins, Sandra Burke
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus (diabetes) is one of the most common metabolic diseases in children worldwide and the incidence of type 1 diabetes (T1D) is growing. T1D is complicated to manage and adolescents with diabetes face unique, age-specific challenges. The purpose of this article is to discuss ways in which schools can create a positive environment and improve the experiences and outcomes for adolescents with T1D. METHODS: The Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) and PubMed databases were searched and yielded a total of 27 articles that were used in this integrative literature review...
May 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381419/environmental-and-nutrition-impact-of-achieving-new-school-food-plan-recommendations-in-the-primary-school-meals-sector-in-england
#20
Kremlin Wickramasinghe, Mike Rayner, Michael Goldacre, Nick Townsend, Peter Scarborough
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this modelling study was to estimate the expected changes in the nutritional quality and greenhouse gas emissions (GHGEs) of primary school meals due to the adoption of new mandatory food-based standards for school meals. SETTING: Nationally representative random sample of 136 primary schools in England was selected for the Primary School Food Survey (PSFS) with 50% response rate. PARTICIPANTS: A sample of 6690 primary students from PSFS who consumed school meals...
April 5, 2017: BMJ Open
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