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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654646/developing-and-validating-a-scale-to-measure-food-and-nutrition-literacy-fnlit-in-elementary-school-children-in-iran
#1
Aazam Doustmohammadian, Nasrin Omidvar, Nastaran Keshavarz-Mohammadi, Morteza Abdollahi, Maryam Amini, Hassan Eini-Zinab
BACKGROUND: Food and nutrition literacy is an emerging term which is increasingly used in policy and research. Though research in this area is growing, progression is limited by the lack of an accepted method to measure food and nutrition literacy. The aim of this study is to develop a valid and reliable questionnaire to assess food and nutrition literacy in elementary school children in the city of Tehran. METHODS: The study was conducted in three phases. To develop Food and Nutrition Literacy (FNLIT) questionnaire, a comprehensive literature review and a qualitative study were initially performed to identify food and nutrition literacy dimensions and its components...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651393/-a-cross-section-study-on-physical-endurance-level-in-primary-and-middle-school-students-in-china-2014
#2
R Tian, Z H Wang, Y H Dong, Z P Yang, J Ma
Objective: To understand the physical endurance level of primary and middle school students in China in 2014, and identify the factors influencing students'physical endurance. Methods: Data were collected from"National School Student Physical Fitness and Health Surveillance in 2014" , a total of 142 708 primary and middle school students with complete information were included in the analysis. The age, gender and area specific failure rates of endurance running of students were analyzed, the differences were analyzed with χ(2) test, and the factors influencing students' physical endurance were identified with log-binomial regression model...
May 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651392/-analysis-of-hemoglobin-level-and-anemia-prevalence-in-students-aged-7-14-years-in-china-2014
#3
Z G Yang, Z H Wang, J Ma
Objective: To analyze the level of hemoglobin level and the prevalence of anemia in students aged 7-14 years in China. Methods: According to the 2010 Chinese National Surveys on Students'Constitution and Health, 71 130 students who were aged 7, 9, 12 and 14 years and had received hemoglobin test were sampled as the subjects, WHO anemia diagnostic criteria was used to explore the hemoglobin level and the prevalence of anemia. Results: The mean concentrations of hemoglobin were (129.25±11.37) g/L, (131.04±11...
May 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648264/position-of-the-academy-of-nutrition-and-dietetics-interprofessional-education-in-nutrition-as-an-essential-component-of-medical-education
#4
Lisa A Hark, Darwin Deen
It is the position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics that registered dietitian nutritionists (RDNs) should play a significant role in educating medical students, residents, fellows, and physicians in practice. The more physicians learn about the effectiveness of nutrition for the prevention and treatment of noncommunicable diseases, the more likely they are to consult with RDNs and refer patients for medical nutrition therapy. The more interprofessional education that occurs between medical students, other health professional students, and RDNs, the more likely all health care professionals will understand and value the role of the RDN in improving the quality of care provided to patients...
July 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639040/mobile-gastrointestinal-and-endoscopic-surgery-in-rural-ecuador-20%C3%A2-years-experience-of-cinterandes
#5
H T Shalabi, M D Price, S T Shalabi, E B Rodas, A L Vicuña, B Guzhñay, R R Price, E Rodas
INTRODUCTION: Five billion people worldwide do not have timely access to surgical care. Cinterandes is one of the only mobile surgical units in low- and middle-income countries. This paper examines the methodology that Cinterandes uses to deliver mobile surgery. METHODS: Founding and core staff were interviewed, four missions were participated in, and internal documents and records were analysed between 1 May and 1 July 2014. RESULTS: Cinterandes performed 7641 operations over the last 20 years (60% gastrointestinal/laparoscopic), travelling 300,000 km to remote areas of Ecuador...
June 21, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634519/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-heart-failure-in-the-usa-nhanes-2013-2014-epidemiological-follow-up-study
#6
Saketram Komanduri, Yogesh Jadhao, Sai S Guduru, Pramil Cheriyath, Yijin Wert
Background: Heart Failure (HF) is a progressive epidemic associated with considerable morbidity and mortality. Self-reported data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) provides a unique representation of individuals suffering from HF. The purpose of this study is to analyze updated NHANES 2013-2014 data to identify any changes in the prevalence and current risk factors of HF, especially given the novel lifestyles and increased medical awareness of current generations. Methods: NHANES uses a multistage probability sampling design under the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)...
January 2017: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628368/dietitians-perspectives-on-teaching-nutrition-to-medical-students
#7
Emily Burch, Jennifer Crowley, Celia Laur, Sumantra Ray, Lauren Ball
OBJECTIVES: The provision of nutrition care by health professionals can facilitate improved patient nutrition behaviors. Some education institutions include nutrition in their medical curriculum; however, doctors and medical students continue to lack competence in providing nutrition care. Dietitians are increasingly teaching nutrition to medical students, yet evidence on the topic remains anecdotal. It is important to understand the experiences of these dietitians to support improvements in undergraduate medical nutrition education...
June 19, 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628142/-epidemic-status-and-secular-trends-of-malnutrition-among-children-and-adolescents-aged-7-18-years-from-2005-to-2014-in-china
#8
Y H Dong, Z H Wang, Z G Yang, X J Wang, Y J Chen, Z Y Zou, J Ma
OBJECTIVE: To understand and analyze the current situation and secular trends for prevalence of malnutrition among Chinese children and adolescents aged 7-18 years from 2005 to 2014, and to provide important scientific basis for students' nutrition improvement. METHODS: All the subjects aged 7-18 years in both sexes were sampled from 2005, 2010 and 2014 Chinese National Surveys on Students Constitution and Health. According to the new students' health standard of "Screening Standard for Malnutrition of school-age children and adolescents"(WS/T456-2014) in 2014 of China, the nutritional status of children in 31 provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities, excluding Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan province) were analyzed and compared in different ages, genders, regions and provinces from 2005 to 2014...
June 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627843/using-the-headsss-guide-to-teach-students-diagnostic-skills-in-adolescent-health-views-from-students-participating-in-interprofessional-courses
#9
Vanessa Parisi, Léo Meyer De Stadelhofen, Benoit Péchère, Sylvain Steimer, Aude De Watteville, Dagmar M Haller, Carol Navarro, Murielle Szynalski-Morel, Anne Meynard
Over the past few years, an interprofessional team of lecturers in Geneva has developed courses entitled « adolescent health and development ». These courses are open to students in medicine, nursing and nutrition, as well as to other interested health professionals. Using vignettes, students who participated in the courses present their thoughts on the use of the HEADSSS interview guide in the diagnostic approach with adolescents. These optional courses provide an opportunity to explore infrequently taught domains of the curriculum in a creative way...
May 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627192/-excess-weight-in-patients-with-cystic-fibrosis-is-it-always-beneficial
#10
David González Jiménez, Rosana Muñoz-Codoceo, María Garriga-García, Manuel Molina-Arias, Marina Álvarez-Beltrán, Ruth García-Romero, Cecilia Martínez-Costa, Silvia María Meavilla-Olivas, Luis Rodrigo Peña-Quintana, Silvia Gallego Gutiérrez, José Manuel Marugán de Miguelsanz, Lucrecia Suárez Cortina, Esperanza Natividad Castejón Ponce, Rosaura Leis Trabazo, Fayna Martín Cruz, Juan José Díaz Martín, Carlos Bousoño García
INTRODUCTION: The primary objective of this study was to find out the prevalence of overweight and obese status, as well as their association to pulmonary function, total cholesterol and vitamin D in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a multicenter descriptive and cross-sectional study. Twelve Spanish hospitals participated. 451 patients with CF were included. Adults were classified according to body mass index (BMI) and children were classified according to BMI percentiles (WHO tables)...
June 5, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603153/collaborating-with-alaska-native-communities-to-design-a-cultural-food-intervention-to-address-nutrition-transition
#11
Jennifer Nu, Andrea Bersamin
BACKGROUND: To address changing dietary patterns and declining dietary quality in indigenous communities, there is growing interest in implementing interventions that promote nutrient-dense, culturally important foods. OBJECTIVES: To describe formative research and an ongoing collaborative process to design a multilevel nutrition inter vention-Neqa Elicarvigmun or the Fish-to-School (F2S) Program-that reconnects students to their local food system in a remote Yup'ik community in Western Alaska...
2017: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601679/the-rural-school-meal-as-a-site-for-learning-about-food
#12
Irene Torres, Jette Benn
The aim of the article is to contribute to the understanding of the school meal as a site for learning about food, nutrition and the wider determinants of health in three small rural schools of Ecuador. Based on a year-long qualitative fieldwork, the multiple case study associates Vygotsky's sociocultural theory of learning with Noddings' theory of care to analyze the findings. In the study, elements of care in the relationships between children and adults seemed to promote dialogue and, in this way, adults were able to model what is required to care for others and oneself...
June 7, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598454/prevalence-of-malnutrition-in-a-rural-residential-sanskrit-school-in-baglung-nepal
#13
B Amatya, N Shrestha
INTRODUCTION: Under-nutrition is a condition in which there is inadequate consumption, poor absorption or excessive loss of nutrients. Nepal still faces high chronic as well as acute under-nutrition in children. The following study was conducted a Sanskrit school in rural Baglung to find the prevalence of malnutrition among the children which could reflect the nutritional status of the community. METHODS: Out of 60 students admitted to the school, only 43 were present at the time when we collected our data...
January 2017: JNMA; Journal of the Nepal Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593887/type-2-diabetes-in-people-from-culturally-and-linguistically-diverse-backgrounds-perspectives-for-training-and-practice-from-nutritional-therapy-and-dietician-professions
#14
Lily Stojanovska, Bhensri Naemiratch, Vasso Apostolopoulos
OBJECTIVE: To explore the perspectives of nutritional therapy and dietician practitioners, undergraduate students and academics working with people with type 2 diabetes and who are from culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) backgrounds. METHODS: A qualitative study design of in-depth semi-structured one-on-one interviews with a total of 24 participants (8 practitioners, 8 students and 8 academics) in the fields of nutritional therapy and dietetics. Open-ended questions focused on the perspectives and experiences (learning, practice and teaching) of working with people of CALD backgrounds who have type 2 diabetes...
March 1, 2017: Prilozi (Makedonska Akademija Na Naukite i Umetnostite. Oddelenie za Medicinski Nauki)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592973/exploring-the-concern-about-food-allergies-among-secondary-school-and-university-students-in-ontario-canada-a-descriptive-analysis
#15
Shannon E Majowicz, James K H Jung, Sarah M Courtney, Daniel W Harrington
Our objective was to explore the perceived risk of food allergies among students in Ontario, Canada. We analyzed blinding questions ("I am concerned about food allergies"; "food allergies are currently a big threat to my health") from three existing food safety surveys, given to high school and university undergraduate students (n = 3,451) circa February 2015, using descriptive analysis, and explored how concern related to demographics and self-reported cooking ability using linear regression. Overall, high school students were neutral in their concern, although Food and Nutrition students specifically were significantly less concerned (p = 0...
2017: Journal of Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584582/development-of-tailored-nutrition-information-messages-based-on-the-transtheoretical-model-for-smartphone-application-of-an-obesity-prevention-and-management-program-for-elementary-school-students
#16
Ji Eun Lee, Da Eun Lee, Kirang Kim, Jae Eun Shim, Eunju Sung, Jae-Heon Kang, Ji-Yun Hwang
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Easy access to intervention and support for certain behaviors is important for obesity prevention and management. The available technology such as smartphone applications can be used for intervention regarding healthy food choices for obesity prevention and management in elementary-school students. The transtheoretical model (TTM) is comprised of stages and processes of change and can be adopted to tailored education for behavioral change. This study aims to develop TTM-based nutrition contents for mobile applications intended to change eating behaviors related to weight gain in young children...
June 2017: Nutrition Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582806/prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-complications-in-adult-patients-with-short-bowel-syndrome-receiving-long-term-home-parenteral-nutrition
#17
Guohao Wu, Yi Jiang, Xiaoping Zhu, Dayong Jin, Yusong Han, Jun Han, Zhaohan Wu, Zhaoguang Wu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Short bowel syndrome (SBS) is a complicated and challenging disease where home parenteral nutrition (HPN) is widely used. The complications of long-term HPN-dependent in adult patients with SBS are poorly documented. This study was mainly aimed to assess the prevalence and risk factors of HPNassociated complications in adult patients with SBS, especially the catheter-related sepsis and HPN-associated liver/biliary disorders. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: 47 non-malignant adult patients with SBS who received HPN for more than 2 years in our clinical nutrition center were included...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578849/effectiveness-of-training-final-year-undergraduate-nutritionists-in-motivational-interviewing
#18
Trevor N Simper, Jeff D Breckon, Karen Kilner
OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy of a motivational interviewing (MI) training programme on trainee nutritionists. METHODS: A repeated measures design was applied to assess clinician behaviours in a 'helping' conversation. Participants were 32 nutrition students, assessed at baseline and one-month follow-up. RESULTS: The training significantly reduced the use of closed questions and MI non-adherent behaviours (MINA) (P for both=<0.001)...
May 13, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578706/nutritional-status-of-preschool-children-attending-kindergartens-in-kosovo
#19
Agim Rysha, Tahire M Gjergji, Angelika Ploeger
BACKGROUND: There is very limited data on malnutrition of preschool children in Kosovo. The main objective of the study is to provide a nutritional status profile of preschool children attending kindergartens in Kosovo. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of children aged 12-59 months (n = 352 children) and children aged 60-83 months (n = 134) enrolled in public and private kindergartens of Kosovo. Anthropometric measurements used for this study are weight and height of the preschoolers (12-83 months)...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551315/prevalence-of-exercise-addiction-symptomology-and-disordered-eating-in-australian-students-studying-nutrition-and-dietetics
#20
Tetyana Rocks, Fiona Pelly, Gary Slater, Lisa Anne Martin
BACKGROUND: Previous research has reported the existence of disordered eating in students studying nutrition and dietetics. However, the occurrence of exercise addiction, previously linked to disordered eating, is poorly understood in this group. OBJECTIVE: The main objective of this study was to explore the prevalence of self-reported symptoms of exercise addiction and the association with disordered eating in a sample of students studying nutrition and dietetics...
May 25, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
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