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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027342/study-on-nutritional-monitoring-of-persian-malnourished-school-students-a-check-on-reproducibility-and-validity-of-questionnaire
#1
Mahkameh Ashourpour, Mohammad-Hossein Kaveh, Musa Salehi, Hamid-Reza Tabatabaee, Maryam Taghdir
AIM: To develop a nutritional screening tool and examine its reliability and validity in elementary school children with malnutrition based on PRECEDE-PROCEED model, in Shiraz, Iran. METHODS: A questionnaire was designed and its reproducibility was analysed via test-retest design among students with malnutrition. The students were in the fourth to sixth grades. Validity was assessed using face validity, content validity, construct validity, item difficulty and item discrimination...
October 13, 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024562/health-maintenance-practices-and-healthcare-experiences-among-international-university-students
#2
Suzanne Martin, Jane Dyer
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: While over a million international students attend U.S. universities, there is little information to guide providers on their care. Differences in language and health beliefs can lead to misunderstandings and poor outcomes. The purpose of this study was to describe the health practices and healthcare experiences of international students before and after they move to the United States to carve out specific quality improvement activities at a student health center...
October 12, 2017: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023233/compa%C3%A3-eros-high-school-students-mentor-middle-school-students-to-address-obesity-among-hispanic-adolescents
#3
Katherine R Arlinghaus, Jennette P Moreno, Layton Reesor, Daphne C Hernandez, Craig A Johnston
INTRODUCTION: Promotoras, Hispanic community health workers, are frequently employed to promote health behavioral change with culturally bound Hispanic lifestyle behaviors. Peer health mentors have been used in schools to promote healthy nutrition and physical activity behaviors among students. This study investigates the efficacy of combining these 2 approaches by training high school health mentors, called compañeros, to engage Hispanic middle school students in a school-based obesity intervention as a strategy to promote and sustain reductions in standardized body mass index (zBMI)...
October 12, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991894/sanitation-hookworm-anemia-stunting-and-wasting-in-primary-school-children-in-southern-ethiopia-baseline-results-from-a-study-in-30-schools
#4
Jack E T Grimes, Gemechu Tadesse, Iain A Gardiner, Elodie Yard, Yonas Wuletaw, Michael R Templeton, Wendy E Harrison, Lesley J Drake
BACKGROUND: Inadequate nutrition; neglected topical diseases; and insufficient water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) are interrelated problems in schools in low-income countries, but are not routinely tackled together. A recent three-year longitudinal study investigated integrated school health and nutrition approaches in 30 government primary schools in southern Ethiopia. Here, we report on baseline associations between sanitation, hookworm infection, anemia, stunting, and wasting. METHODS: In each school, the Schistosoma mansoni, S...
October 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989577/creating-a-school-nutrition-environment-index-and-pilot-testing-it-in-elementary-and-middle-schools-in-urban-south-korea
#5
Sohyun Park, Kwang-Il Kwon, Soon Ju Kweon, Youfa Wang, Joel Gittelsohn
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The role of a school's nutrition environment in explaining students' eating behaviors and weight status has not been examined in an Asian setting. The purpose of this study was to create a school nutrition environment index and to pilot test the index in elementary and middle schools in urban South Korea. SUBJECTS/METHODS: This study used a mixed-methods approach. Environment assessment tools were developed based on formative research, which comprised literature reviews, in-depth interviews, and focus group discussions...
October 2017: Nutrition Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980034/effect-of-the-route-of-nutrition-and-l-alanyl-l-glutamine-supplementation-in-amino-acids-concentration-in-trauma-patients
#6
J M Raurich, J A Llompart-Pou, A García-de-Lorenzo, A Buño Soto, P Marsé, G Frontera, J Pérez-Bárcena
PURPOSE: Our purpose was to assess the amino acids' (AAs) profile in trauma patients and to assess the effect of the route of nutrition and the exogenous ALA-GLN dipeptide supplementation on plasma AAs' concentration. METHODS: This is a secondary analysis of a previous randomized controlled trial. On day 1 and day 6 after trauma, plasma concentration of 25 AAs was measured using reverse phase high-performance liquid chromatography. Results were analyzed in relation to the route of nutrition and supplementation of ALA-GLN dipeptide...
October 4, 2017: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978317/effects-of-cyclic-parenteral-nutrition-on-parenteral-associated-liver-dysfunction-parameters
#7
Jose J Arenas Villafranca, Miriam Nieto Guindo, Elena Álvaro Sanz, Manuela Moreno Santamaria, Marga Garrido Siles, Jimena Abilés
INTRODUCTION: One of the most common complications of parenteral nutrition (PN) is liver dysfunction (LD). Therapeutic approaches for LD include, among others, administering cyclic parenteral nutrition (cPN), allowing some hours for metabolic rest. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of cPN in treating PN-associated LD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective observational study was carried out at the Costa del Sol Hospital in Spain between 2013 and 2014...
October 4, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977181/actions-of-the-school-health-program-and-school-meals-in-the-prevention-of-childhood-overweight-experience-in-the-municipality-of-itapevi-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-state-brazil-2014
#8
Mariangela da Silva Alves Batista, Lenise Mondini, Patrícia Constante Jaime
OBJECTIVE: to describe the experience in the municipality of Itapevi-SP, Brazil, within the framework of School Health Program and school meals related to overweight prevention. METHODS: this cross-sectional study comprised 21 public schools of the first cycle of Primary School who adhered to the School Health Program; the diagnoses, based on 2014 data, included the students' nutritional status, qualitative analysis of school meals, and inclusion of themes related to nutrition and physical activities in curricular and extracurricular activities...
July 2017: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977127/prevalence-of-genu-valgum-in-public-elementary-schools-in-the-city-of-santos-sp-brazil
#9
Maria Célia Cunha Ciaccia, Camila Nazareth Pinto, Fernanda da Costa Golfieri, Tales Ferreira Machado, Lívia Lopes Lozano, João Marcel Sanseverino Silva, Vera Esteves Vagnozzi Rullo
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence of genu valgum and associated factors in elementary school students. METHODS: Cross-sectional study, carried out in 2015, with 1,050 children and adolescents enrolled in an elementary school in Santos, Southeast Brazil. Misalignment of the knee was assessed by intermalleolar distance, considering ≥8 cm or <8 cm. Inter-examiners reliability was measured by Kappa coefficient, resulting in 0.94. Nutritional status was evaluated according to the World Health Organization 2006 references...
September 21, 2017: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975667/development-of-a-nutrition-knowledge-questionnaire-for-young-endurance-athletes-and-their-coaches
#10
Maria Heikkilä, Raisa Valve, Mikko Lehtovirta, Mikael Fogelholm
Both athletes and coaches should have adequate nutrition knowledge in order to understand the importance of diet on athletic performance, recovery and health. Nutrition knowledge can be assessed reliably only by validated knowledge questionnaires. The aim of the present study was to develop a reliable and valid questionnaire for assessing the nutrition knowledge of young endurance athletes and their coaches. The questionnaire was developed with an expert panel and pilot tested by athletes, coaches and students...
October 4, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973644/is-an-iranian-health-promoting-school-status-associated-with-improving-school-food-environment-and-snacking-behaviors-in-adolescents
#11
Vahid Yazdi-Feyzabadi, Nasrin Omidvar, Nastaran Keshavarz Mohammadi, Saharnaz Nedjat, Akram Karimi-Shahanjarini, Arash Rashidian
The Iranian Health Promoting Schools (IHPS) program was first piloted and then formally established in Iran in 2011 as a framework to promote healthy environment and behaviors such as proper dietary practice among adolescents. This study examined the role of IHPS in improving the school food environment and snacking behaviors among adolescents. In this cross-sectional study, 1320 eighth grade students from 40 middle schools with IHPS and non-IHPS program were selected using a proportional stratified random sampling method...
August 29, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973179/assessment-of-nutrition-knowledge-and-attitudes-in-preclinical-osteopathic-medical-students
#12
Emily J Hargrove, Darlene E Berryman, Jennifer M Yoder, Elizabeth A Beverly
Background: Nutrition is often overlooked in everyday health care despite the definitive connection between diet and health. Many practicing physicians and medical students feel unqualified to discuss specific dietary recommendations with patients, which may be attributed to inadequate nutrition education during medical school. Objective: To assess the nutrition knowledge of osteopathic medical students and their attitudes regarding the importance of nutrition counseling in their future role as practicing physicians...
October 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971849/cluster-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-consumer-behavior-intervention-to-improve-healthy-food-purchases-from-online-canteens
#13
Tessa Delaney, Rebecca Wyse, Sze Lin Yoong, Rachel Sutherland, John Wiggers, Kylie Ball, Karen Campbell, Chris Rissel, Christophe Lecathelinais, Luke Wolfenden
Background: School canteens represent an opportune setting in which to deliver public health nutrition strategies because of their wide reach and frequent use by children. Online school-canteen ordering systems, where students order and pay for their lunch online, provide an avenue to improve healthy canteen purchases through the application of consumer-behavior strategies that have an impact on purchasing decisions.Objective: We assessed the efficacy of a consumer-behavior intervention implemented in an online school-canteen ordering system in reducing the energy, saturated fat, sugar, and sodium contents of primary student lunch orders...
September 27, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971168/orthorexia-nervosa-tendency-among-students-of-the-department-of-nutrition-and-dietetics-at-a-university-in-istanbul
#14
Betul Karakus, Seyhan Hidiroglu, Nese Keskin, Melda Karavus
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine an orthorexia nervosa scale score for and evaluate orthorexic tendency among students of nutrition and dietetics according to various sociodemographic characteristics. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was carried out in May and June of 2016 among 208 students in the nutrition and dietetics department at a university in Istanbul. After receiving the approval of the university ethics committee, of a total of 300 students, 208 agreed to join the study...
2017: Northern Clinics of Istanbul
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969508/rich-food-biodiversity-amid-low-consumption-of-food-items-in-kilosa-district-tanzania
#15
Julius E Ntwenya, Joyce Kinabo, John Msuya, Peter Mamiro, Delphina Mamiro, Elifuraha Njoghomi, Philip Liwei, Megan Huang
BACKGROUND: Indigenous foods, which contribute largely to the majority of the households' food basket in rural Tanzanian communities, have not been fully characterized or documented. OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to document foods available and consumed in Kilosa District, Tanzania, in an attempt to promote, revive use, and build evidence for sustainable utilization of the rich local biodiversity. METHODS: Data were collected from 307 households in 3 agroecological zones in Kilosa District during the beginning of the rainy season (February-May) and immediately after harvest (September-October)...
January 1, 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963921/cultural-competence-education-for-health-professionals-from-pre-graduation-to-licensure-delivered-using-facebook-twelve-month-follow-up-on-a-randomized-control-trial
#16
Li-Chun Chang, Jong Long Guo, Hui-Ling Lin
BACKGROUND: Cultural competence (CC) training is widely recognized as a crucial component of the professional development of healthcare providers. There is no study on the effect of Facebook (FB) as a strategy to promote continual learning to enhance CC among students in health professions. OBJECTIVES: To test the effects of cultural competence education using FB as a delivery platform on knowledge, awareness, self-efficacy, and skill related to CC in health students from pre-graduation to licensed professional stages...
September 20, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956801/surveillance-of-childhood-overweight-comparison-of-okkio-alla-salute-survey-and-general-paediatrics-data-in-the-province-of-trento
#17
Silvano Piffer, Lucia Bombarda, Riccardo Pertile, Maria Grazia Zuccali
Estimates of childhood overweight and obesity for the Province of Trento provided by the 2014 "OKkio alla SALUTE" survey (Italian national surveillance system for weight and nutrition in children) were compared with estimates provided by paediatric health forms. The Province of Trento is the only region that makes use of the information gathered through these forms, which are completed by primary care paediatricians as part of the 6-year health evaluation. OKkio alla SALUTE data for children, obtained from students enrolled in the third year of primary school in 2014 (845 children aged 8-9 years), were compared with data collected at the age of 6 for cohorts born in 2006, evaluated in 2012-2013 (3101 subjects)...
July 2017: Annali Dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956798/eating-episode-frequency-and-fruit-and-vegetable-consumption-among-italian-university-students
#18
Andrea Poscia, Adele Anna Teleman, Elena Azzolini, Chiara de Waure, Davide Maged, Andrea Virdis, Walter Ricciardi, Maria Luisa Di Pietro
OBJECTIVE: To analyze breakfast consumption, regularity of meals, fruit and vegetable consumption in the Italian university student population on a national level. DESIGN: Descriptive analysis evaluating data taken from the Sportello Salute Giovani (SSG) questionnaire. PARTICIPANTS: 12 000 university students who self-administered a confidential survey. 8292 questionnaires were analyzed. VARIABLES MEASURED: Age; sex; self-reported economic status; BMI; number of breakfast and portions of vegetables and portions of fruit usually consumed per week; number of eating episodes per day; intended weight loss...
July 2017: Annali Dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953800/perception-of-body-image-in-early-adolescence-an-investigation-in-secondary-schools
#19
Maria Rosaria Juli
INTRODUCTION: The clinical evidence shows that the onset of eating disorders is increasing in the prepubescent phase or even in childhood. Already starting from the prepubescence the certainties related to the body start to unwind and the individual is encouraged to build new ones, based both on the anatomic transformation of his/her own body and on the social expectation according to the identity. The onset of a Eating Disorders is normally between 13 and 25 years, but in the last years we recorded a lowering in the onset threshold to an age between 11 and 13 years, with some earlier cases at 7 years (Franzoni et al...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951812/selected-nutritional-habits-of-teenagers-associated-with-overweight-and-obesity
#20
Magdalena Zalewska, Elżbieta Maciorkowska
INTRODUCTION: A balanced diet is at the heart of healthy growth and development of children and youth, whereas inappropriate eating habits considerably influence the incidence of disorders connected with nutrition, including overweight and obesity. This paper aims at studying nutritional factors of 18-year-old secondary school youth in the urban environment and their effect on the incidence of overweight and obesity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The survey was conducted among 1,999 secondary school students chosen at random...
2017: PeerJ
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