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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328262/haemodialysis-nutritional-disorders-and-hypoglycaemia-in-critical-care
#1
Jeiel Carlos Lamonica Crespo, Vanessa Rossato Gomes, Ricardo Luís Barbosa, Katia Grillo Padilha, Silvia Regina Secoli
This study aimed to determine hypoglycemia incidence and associated factors in critically ill patients. It looked at a retrospective cohort with 106 critically ill adult patients with 48 hours of glycaemic control and 72 hours of follow up. The dependent variable, hypoglycaemia (≤70 mg/dl), was assessed with respect to independent variables: age, diet, insulin, catecholamines, haemodialysis, nursing workload and the Simplified Acute Physiology Score. Statistical analysis was performed using Student's t-test, Fisher's exact test and logistic regression at 5% significance level...
March 9, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328235/breakfast-skipping-anxiety-exercise-and-soda-consumption-are-associated-with-diet-quality-in-mexican-college-students
#2
Laura Hall, Luz María Tejada-Tayabas, Joel Monárrez-Espino
ABSTEACT Despite the reported poor dietary habits and risk of weight gain in college students, they remain understudied in Mexico. Mexican college students are in a rapidly changing economic environment; a shift from a traditional, homemade cuisine to a diet more heavily influenced by an industrialized culture seems to be occurring, potentially affecting the quality of their dietary intake. A health and nutrition survey was conducted among 450 Mexican college students to study the relationship between sociodemographic factors and diet quality...
March 22, 2017: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321138/student-preparation-for-pgy1-residency-training-by-us-colleges-of-pharmacy-survey-of-the-residency-program-director-perspective
#3
Alyssa B Mutz, Jacob Beyer, Whitney L Dickson, Irina Gutman, Filiz Yucebay, Marcie Lepkowsky, Juliana Chan, Kristen Carter, Christopher L Shaffer, Patrick D Fuller
Purpose: To evaluate current residents' level of preparation by US colleges of pharmacy for postgraduate year 1 (PGY1) residency training from the perspective of residency program directors (RPDs). Methods: RPDs were asked in an electronic survey questionnaire to rate PGY1 pharmacy residents' abilities in 4 domains: communication, clinical knowledge, interpersonal/time-management skills, and professionalism/leadership. Results: One hundred ninety-seven RPDs of the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists (ASHP)-accredited PGY1 programs completed the survey...
February 2017: Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303707/assessment-of-nutritional-habits-and-preferences-among-secondary-school-students
#4
Paulina Duma-Kocan, Barbara Barud, Elżbieta Głodek, Marian Gil
Background: Appropriate nutrition is one of the most important factors affecting the proper development of man, nutritional status and maintaining good health. Adolescence is a period of development of skills of self-determination and self-realization, also in the case of nutrition. Children and school-age youth are the group most vulnerable to the effects of incorrect nutrition. The way of nutrition during this period determines psychophysical and emotional development, effectiveness in learning process and has influence on health in adulthood...
2017: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303698/dietary-habits-of-wroclaw-medical-university-students-poland
#5
Rafał Ilow, Bożena Regulska-Ilow, Dorota Różańska
Background: The World Health Organization considers an unhealthy diet to be related to the risk of cardiovascular diseases development. Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate dietary habits among Wroclaw Medical University students with a view towards the nutritional risk factors for cardiovascular diseases. Material and Methods: The study was conducted between the years 2004-2012. The study group consisted of 892 women and 276 men...
2017: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296364/-decreased-anthropometric-indicators-of-adiposity-in-school-children-as-an-indicator-of-the-nutritional-transition-in-mexico
#6
Laura Leticia Salazar-Preciado, Alfredo Larrosa-Haro, Clío Chávez-Palencia, Elizabeth Lizárraga-Corona
BACKGROUND: The aim of this paper was to estimate the adiposity trend in children from a public elementary school in Guadalajara, Mexico, between 2007 and 2011. METHODS: Comparative study of two samples taken transversely in 1432 schoolchildren aged 6-12 years. Z-score of BMI and anthropometric indicators of arm adiposity (triceps skinfold, fat area and arm fat index) were calculated. Reference standards of the 2007-WHO and Frisancho were used. Analysis: Chi-square and Student t test...
March 2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289306/teaching-research-skills-to-student-pharmacists-in-one-semester-an-applied-research-elective
#7
Alexandra Perez, Silvia Rabionet, Barry Bleidt
Objectives. To implement and assess the effectiveness of a 15-week applied research elective that introduced students to secondary database analysis in clinical pharmacy. Design. In small groups, students learned, planned, developed and completed a secondary database study to answer an original research question. During one semester, they completed a basic research proposal and Institutional Review Board application, created and analyzed a National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) sample dataset, and reported the results in an abstract and poster presentation...
February 25, 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282472/physical-activity-participation-and-nutrition-and-physical-activity-knowledge-in-university-dance-students
#8
Katherine Hanna, Anne Hanley, Avril Huddy, Michael McDonald, Fiona Willer
OBJECTIVE: To assess participation in physical activity and knowledge of general nutrition and current public health messages about the health benefits of physical activity in university dance students, and to investigate differences between first-year and later-year students and between students in dance and dance performance course groups. METHODS: This cross-sectional study recruited 67 participants from dance undergraduate degrees in a university in Australia...
March 2017: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275976/healthy-eating-for-life-english-as-a-second-language-curriculum-applying-the-re-aim-framework-to-evaluate-a-nutrition-education-intervention-targeting-cancer-risk-reduction
#9
J L Martinez, L R Duncan, S E Rivers, M C Bertoli, A E Latimer-Cheung, P Salovey
Medically underserved US immigrants are at an increased risk for death from preventable or curable cancers due to economic, cultural, and/or linguistic barriers to medical care. The purpose of this study was to describe the evaluation of the pilot study of the Healthy Eating for Life (HE4L) English as a second language curriculum. The Reach, Effectiveness Adoption, Implementation, Maintenance (RE-AIM) model was used to design a mixed-methods approach to the evaluation of the HE4L curriculum. Successful implementation was dependent upon enthusiastic teacher and manager support of the curriculum, teachers' ability to flexibly apply the curriculum to meet student needs, and researcher provision of curriculum workbooks...
March 8, 2017: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274694/-cafeterias-service-and-health-promotion-in-the-school-context
#10
Francisca M García-Padilla, Angustias González-Rodríguez
OBJECTIVE: To assess the Secondary Schools (IES) cafeterias of Andalusia as services to promote healthy eating among students as well as to check the adequacy of the food supply to the Law on Food Security and Spanish Nutrition, and the knowledge of this law by the school managers. DESIGN: Observational descriptive transversal study. LOCATION: IES of Andalusia's eight provinces. PARTICIPANTS: Cafeteria services. Stratified random sample with proportional allocation by province and size of habitat of 95 Andalusian IES with+10% error and confidence level (NC) 95...
March 5, 2017: Atencion Primaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272248/awareness-of-food-nutritive-value-and-eating-practices-among-nigerian-bank-workers-implications-for-nutritional-counseling-and-education
#11
Ngozi M Eze, Felicia O Maduabum, Nkechi G Onyeke, Ngozi J Anyaegunam, Chinwe A Ayogu, Bibian Amaka Ezeanwu, Chiedu Eseadi
Adequate nutrition is an important aspect of a healthy lifestyle for all individuals, including bank staff. The objective of this study was to investigate the awareness of food nutritive value and eating practices among bank workers in Lagos State, Nigeria.The study adopted a cross-sectional descriptive survey design. A purposive sample of 250 bank workers took part in the study. Means and Student t tests were employed for data analysis.Results showed that bank workers were aware of the nutritive value of foods, and that eating practices commonly adopted included skipping breakfast, eating breakfast at work, buying food at work from the bank canteen, eating in between meals, buying snacks as lunch, and consuming soft drinks daily, among others...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271459/differences-in-eating-and-body-related-attitudes-beliefs-and-behaviors-among-female-graduate-students-in-nutrition-and-dietetics-and-naturopathic-medicine-a-pilot-study
#12
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264459/a-cross-sectional-study-of-the-prevalence-of-metabolic-syndrome-and-associated-factors-in-colombian-collegiate-students-the-fuprecol-adults-study
#13
Javier Martínez-Torres, Jorge Enrique Correa-Bautista, Katherine González-Ruíz, Andrés Vivas, Héctor Reynaldo Triana-Reina, Daniel Humberto Prieto-Benavidez, Hugo Alejandro Carrillo, Jeison Alexander Ramos-Sepúlveda, Emilio Villa-González, Antonio García-Hermoso, Robinson Ramírez-Vélez
Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is one of the major public health problems worldwide. The objective of the present study is to investigate the prevalence and the associated variables of MetS in Colombian collegiate students. This cross-sectional study included a total of 890 (52% women) healthy collegiate students (21.3 ± 3.2 years old). The prevalence of MetS was determined by the definition provided by the International Diabetes Federation (IDF). We further examined associations between the prevalence of MetS and related factors, such as age, gender, anthropometric and body composition, weight status, and nutrition profile...
February 27, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261383/malnutrition-negatively-impacts-the-quality-of-life-of-patients-with-cirrhosis-an-observational-study
#14
Gabriela Rojas-Loureiro, Alfredo Servín-Caamaño, Elizabeth Pérez-Reyes, Luis Servín-Abad, Fátima Higuera-de la Tijera
AIM: To verify how malnutrition is related to health-related quality of life (HRQL) impairment in patients with cirrhosis. METHODS: Data was retrospectively abstracted from medical records and obtained by direct interview. We included patients with cirrhosis from any etiology, evaluated at the Liver Clinic from Gastroenterology Department in a tertiary healthcare center, from June 2014 to June 2016. Child-Pugh score, data about complications, and demographic, clinical and anthropometric characteristics of patients were obtained...
February 18, 2017: World Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257107/micronutrient-fortified%C3%A2-milk%C3%A2-and%C3%A2-academic%C3%A2-performance%C3%A2-among%C3%A2-chinese%C3%A2-middle%C3%A2-school%C3%A2-students-%C3%A2-a%C3%A2-cluster-randomized%C3%A2-controlled%C3%A2-trial
#15
Xiaoqin Wang, Zhaozhao Hui, Xiaoling Dai, Paul D Terry, Yue Zhang, Mei Ma, Mingxu Wang, Fu Deng, Wei Gu, Shuangyan Lei, Ling Li, Mingyue Ma, Bin Zhang
Many children suffer from nutritional deficiencies that may negatively affect their academic performance. This cluster-randomized controlled trial aimed to test the effects of micronutrient-fortified milk in Chinese students. Participants received either micronutrient-fortified (n = 177) or unfortified (n = 183) milk for six months. Academic performance, motivation, and learning strategies were estimated by end-of-term tests and the Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire. Blood samples were analyzed for micronutrients...
March 2, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244771/risk-of-malnutrition-of-hospitalized-children-in-a-university-public-hospital
#16
Nelly Carolina Muñoz-Esparza, Edgar Manuel Vásquez-Garibay, Enrique Romero-Velarde, Rogelio Troyo-Sanromán
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to demonstrate that the duration of hospitalization has a significant effect on the nutritional status of children treated in a university hospital. METHODS: A longitudinal study was conducted during 2014, with a non-random sampling site concentration in children from birth to 19 years who were admitted to the hospital in the past 24 hours and who met the inclusion criteria and had signed informed consent. Upon entering, at 7 days, and at discharge, anthropometric indices, including weight/age, height/age, weight/height, BMI/age, head circumference/age, triceps and subscapular skin folds, and fat percentage, were obtained...
February 1, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242313/eating-behaviour-among-nutrition-students-and-social-desirability-as-a-confounder
#17
Dóris Freitas, Bruno Mpm Oliveira, Flora Correia, Sílvia Pinhão, Rui Poínhos
INTRODUCTION: The study of eating behaviour should consider the presence of potential sources of bias, including social desirability. This is particularly relevant among students of Nutrition Sciences, since they have a higher risk of eating disorders. OBJECTIVE: To analyse the effect of social desirability in the assessment of eating behaviour dimensions among nutrition students. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we analysed data from 149 students of Nutrition Sciences...
February 27, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239539/metabolic-syndrome-s-risk-factors-and-its-association-with-nutritional-status-in-schoolchildren
#18
Fabiana Costa Teixeira, Flavia Erika Felix Pereira, Avany Fernandes Pereira, Beatriz Gonçalves Ribeiro
The metabolic risk factors (RF) to the diagnosis of metabolic syndrome (MetS) have been evidenced at early ages, including children. The aim of the present study was to identify the prevalence of RF to the diagnosis of MetS and its association with nutritional status of schoolchildren from 6 to 10 years old. A cross-sectional study was carried out in 505 students of municipal schools in Macae, Brazil, conducted from 2013 to 2014. The RF evaluated were: blood pressure (mm Hg), triglycerides (mmol/L), HDL-cholesterol (mmol/L) fasting glucose (mmol/L) and waist circumference (cm)...
June 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238892/attitudes-toward-health-and-taste-of-food-among-women-with-bulimia-nervosa-and-women-of-a-non-clinical-sample
#19
Priscila Koritar, Sonia Tucunduva Philippi, Marle Dos Santos Alvarenga
Taste preferences and health concerns play important roles in determining eating attitudes, thus influencing food choices. Disordered eating attitudes are common among women, and can lead to the development and maintenance of eating disorders (ED). Attitudes toward health and taste of food among ED patients and its comparison with non-clinical women are not well known, and this knowledge could improve eating interventions. In this study, we compared taste preferences and health concerns in 27 women with diagnosis of bulimia nervosa (BN) and 216 women of a non-clinical sample...
February 24, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230779/validity-and-reliability-of-general-nutrition-knowledge-questionnaire-for-adults-in-uganda
#20
Richard Bukenya, Abhiya Ahmed, Jeanette M Andrade, Diana S Grigsby-Toussaint, John Muyonga, Juan E Andrade
This study sought to develop and validate a general nutrition knowledge questionnaire (GNKQ) for Ugandan adults. The initial draft consisted of 133 items on five constructs associated with nutrition knowledge; expert recommendations (16 items), food groups (70 items), selecting food (10 items), nutrition and disease relationship (23 items), and food fortification in Uganda (14 items). The questionnaire validity was evaluated in three studies. For the content validity (study 1), a panel of five content matter nutrition experts reviewed the GNKQ draft before and after face validity...
February 21, 2017: Nutrients
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