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student nutrition

Luis María Béjar, Óscar Adrián Reyes, María Dolores García-Perea
BACKGROUND: One of the greatest challenges in nutritional epidemiology is improving upon traditional self-reporting methods for the assessment of habitual dietary intake. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the relative validity of a new method known as the current-day dietary recall (or current-day recall), based on a smartphone app called 12-hour dietary recall, for determining the habitual intake of a series of key food and drink groups using a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) and four dietary records as reference methods...
June 15, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
Jennifer L Saylor, Christina J Calamaro, Thomas Hardie, Michelle Ness, Janice Selekman
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Communication about risk factors for diabetes between nurse practitioners and college students may not be occurring as the prevalence of Type 2 diabetes increases. The purpose of this secondary analysis was to evaluate if college students are being told of their risk for diabetes based on known risk factors of weight, sleep, and depressive symptoms. METHODS: Descriptive, cross-sectional study was completed using National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2011-2012...
June 4, 2018: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
Titi Yang, Qian Zhang, Qian Gan, Xiaoqi Hu, Suying Chang, Wenhua Zhao
The "Nutrition Campus "pilot program is based on findings from"Nutritional status and intervention strategy study for urban primary and secondary students". The "Campus nutrition education strategy study in urban primary and secondary students"in Shunyi, Beijing was launched in the first place as a leading part of the pilot program. A total of 12 primary and secondary schools from 8 pilot districts/counties of 8 provinces/cities are involved in the program to prevent and control child malnutrition in all kinds...
September 2017: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
Chao Song, Haijun Guo, Weiyan Gong, Yan Zhang, Caicui Ding, Ganyu Feng, Ailing Liu
OBJECTIVE: To describe the status of sedentary activities of the Chinese pupils in the leisure time, and to provide basic information for developing intervention strategies. METHODS: Utilizing the data of 2010-2012 China National Nutrition and Health Surveillance, using the multi-stage stratified cluster randomization sampling method, a total of 39 242 pupils on sedentary activities including watching TV, using computer, playing computer games, reading and doing homework, was analyzed...
September 2017: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
Ran Zhao, Hui Pan, Qian Gan, Peipei Xu, Li Li, Xiaoqi Hu, Shuang Lin, Tingting Wang, Qian Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of two years'nutrition intervention with eggs and milk on the body composition of rural primary school students in Tianyang County, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. METHODS: Four intervention schools and four control schools were selected randomly from Tianyang County of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. Both intervention schools and control schools were similar in socialeconomic level, teaching standards, and school size. A total of 672 students(380students in the intervention group and 292 students in the control group)were recruited from the 2nd to the 4th Grade in primary school...
March 2018: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
Dana L Hawthorne, Lisa J Neilson, Lesley A Macaskill, Jonathan M H Luk, Erica J Horner, Colleen A Parks, Marina I Salvadori, Jamie A Seabrook, Paula D N Dworatzek
PURPOSE: Parents influence the foods their children consume and often provide proxy reports of this intake. One way parents exert this influence is by providing home-packed lunches. This study compared parental reports of foods packed in children's lunches with what was actually packed and identified parental barriers and facilitators to packing lunches. METHODS: Grade 3 and 4 student-parent dyads (n = 321) in 19 elementary schools in Ontario participated. Parental reports and actual packed lunch contents were collected via self-administered surveys and direct observation, respectively...
June 12, 2018: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
Michelle Lambert, Paola Chivers, Fiona Farringdon
ISSUE ADDRESSED: University students generally make independent decisions regarding food choices. Current research about knowledge of Australian Dietary Guidelines (ADG), sources of nutrition information and influences on food choices for this group is scarce. METHODS: Qualitative data was collected from gender separated focus groups comprising four female (n=31) and four male (n=18) to identify: knowledge of ADG, sources of nutrition information; factors that influence food choices; perceived relevant nutrition messages and how best to deliver them...
June 11, 2018: Health Promotion Journal of Australia
Claudia Marotta, Carlo Giaquinto, Francesco Di Gennaro, Kajal D Chhaganlal, Annalisa Saracino, Jorge Moiane, Guido Maringhini, Damiano Pizzol, Giovanni Putoto, Laura Monno, Alessandra Casuccio, Francesco Vitale, Walter Mazzucco
BACKGROUND: In 2013, Mozambique implemented task-shifting (TS) from clinical officers to maternal and child nurses to improve care for HIV positive children < 5 years old. A retrospective, pre-post intervention study was designed to evaluate effectiveness of a new pathway of care in a sample of Beira District Local Health Facilities (LHFs), the primary, local, community healthcare services. METHODS: The study was conducted by accessing registries of At Risk Children Clinics (ARCCs) and HIV Health Services...
June 7, 2018: BMC Public Health
Kyoungjin Lee, Hyangkyu Lee, Jeongok Park, Sun Ha Jee
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine sex differences in factors associated with metabolic syndrome in Korean adults without diabetes mellitus. Study design: Cross-sectional design. Methods: The dataset of Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 2010 to 2013 was used. Among a total of 33552 adults aged ≥30, subjects who (i) were diagnosed or had been treated for diabetes mellitus, (ii) had a fasting blood glucose level of 126 mg/dL or higher or (iii) had a glycosylated haemoglobin level of 6...
June 5, 2018: Family Practice
A Miyawaki, J S Lee, Y Kobayashi
Background: Japan has experienced a low prevalence of childhood obesity. The Japanese nationwide school lunch program is suggested to have helped this phenomenon, but it has not been proven. Methods: From official statistics, we combined annual data for 2006-15 about the prefecture-level school lunch coverage rate for public junior high school students and the prefecture-level nutritional indicators calculated by randomly selected age-sex groups of 13-15-year olds: the percentage of overweight, obese or underweight children, who are 20% heavier, 30% heavier or 20% lighter than the standard weight by sex, age and height; and mean body weight (kg) or height (cm)...
June 5, 2018: Journal of Public Health
Walid El Ansari, Derrick Ssewanyana, Christiane Stock
Background: Limited research has explored clustering of lifestyle behavioral risk factors (BRFs) among university students. This study aimed to explore clustering of BRFs, composition of clusters, and the association of the clusters with self-rated health and perceived academic performance. Method: We assessed (BRFs), namely tobacco smoking, physical inactivity, alcohol consumption, illicit drug use, unhealthy nutrition, and inadequate sleep, using a self-administered general Student Health Survey among 3,706 undergraduates at seven UK universities...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
Jennifer L Mansfield, Dennis A Savaiano
BACKGROUND: The Healthy, Huger-Free Kids Act (HHFKA) presents challenges for foodservice directors (FSDs) in sourcing and preparing foods that meet nutrition standards. Concurrently, community health coalition members (CHCs) are engaging schools through community and school nutrition initiatives. We hypothesized significant differences in perceptions between FSDs and CHCs related to implementation of HHFKA such that FSDs would perceive greater foodservice challenges, while CHCs would be more supportive of community nutrition initiatives...
July 2018: Journal of School Health
Neha Rathi, Lynn Riddell, Anthony Worsley
School-based nutrition promotion is critical to the development of healthy eating habits in adolescents. Unfortunately, most Indian secondary schools do not support healthy eating among adolescents. Therefore, this study was designed to understand the perspectives of teachers and parents regarding the potential barriers to nutrition promotion in Indian secondary schools. Thirty-two teachers and 280 parents from five private English-speaking secondary schools in Kolkata, India took part in a cross-sectional survey...
June 1, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Kathleen Bauer, Yeon Bai
To improve the cultural competency of 34 students participating in graduate nutrition counseling classes, the Campinha-Bacote Model of Cultural Competence in the Delivery of Health Care Services was used to design, implement, and evaluate counseling classes. Each assignment and activity addressed one or more of the five constructs of the model, i.e., knowledge, skill, desire, encounters, and awareness. A repeated measure ANOVA evaluated pre- and post-test cultural competence scores (Inventory for Assessing the Process of Cultural Competence among Healthcare Professionals)...
June 1, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
Dominique J Monlezun, Lyn Dart, Anne Vanbeber, Peggy Smith-Barbaro, Vanessa Costilla, Charlotte Samuel, Carol A Terregino, Emine Ercikan Abali, Beth Dollinger, Nicole Baumgartner, Nicholas Kramer, Alex Seelochan, Sabira Taher, Mark Deutchman, Meredith Evans, Robert B Ellis, Sonia Oyola, Geeta Maker-Clark, Tomi Dreibelbis, Isadore Budnick, David Tran, Nicole DeValle, Rachel Shepard, Erika Chow, Christine Petrin, Alexander Razavi, Casey McGowan, Austin Grant, Mackenzie Bird, Connor Carry, Glynis McGowan, Colleen McCullough, Casey M Berman, Kerri Dotson, Tianhua Niu, Leah Sarris, Timothy S Harlan, On Behalf Of The Chop Co-Investigators
Background: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) annually claims more lives and costs more dollars than any other disease globally amid widening health disparities, despite the known significant reductions in this burden by low cost dietary changes. The world's first medical school-based teaching kitchen therefore launched CHOP-Medical Students as the largest known multisite cohort study of hands-on cooking and nutrition education versus traditional curriculum for medical students. Methods: This analysis provides a novel integration of artificial intelligence-based machine learning (ML) with causal inference statistics...
2018: BioMed Research International
Abdullah Ahmed Al-Alimi, Salem Bashanfer, Mohammed Abdo Morish
Background: Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) is one of the most common types of nutritional anemia in the worldwide and considered a major public health problem in developing countries especially in Yemen. Therefore, this cross-sectional study was conducted to determine the prevalence and risk factors of IDA among apparently healthy Yemeni students at Hodeida University. Method: Five hundred blood samples (326 males and 174 females) were collected randomly from medical students at Hodeida University...
2018: Anemia
Ana Lívia de Oliveira, Ana Paula Boroni Moreira, Michele Pereira Netto, Isabel Cristina Gonçalves Leite
Little is known about the nutritional status and dietary habits of persons with an intestinal stoma, and no specific dietary guidelines have been established. A cross-sectional study was conducted among patients of a Stoma Patient Health Care Service in Juiz de Fora, Brazil, to compare the nutritional status of persons with an ileostomy or colostomy and to evaluate which foods are avoided most frequently and why. Anthropometric measurements (weight, height, arm circumference, and triceps and subscapular skinfold thickness) and body fat were assessed...
May 2018: Ostomy/wound Management
Paul Glewwe, Sofya Krutikova, Caine Rolleston
This paper examines - for two developing countries, Vietnam and Peru - whether disadvantaged children learn less than advantaged children when both types of children are enrolled in the same school. This is done by estimating education production functions that contain two school fixed effects for each school, one for advantaged children and one for disadvantaged children. The paper examines six different definitions of advantage, based on household wealth, cognitive skills at age 5, gender, ethnicity (Peru only), maternal education, and nutritional status...
July 2017: Economic Development and Cultural Change
W L Cheah, J Majorie Ensayan, H Helmy, C T Chang
Introduction: The present study aimed to determine the prevalence of hypertension and its association with nutritional status (body mass index, body fat percentage, and visceral fat) among students in a public university in Sarawak, Malaysia. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study among undergraduate students aged 18 years old and above. Anthropometric measurements, such as weight, height, body composition, and blood pressure measurements, were collected. Hypertension was defined as equal or more than 140/90 mmHg...
2018: Malaysian Family Physician
Anita Bielawska, Katarzyna Tomczyk, Brygida Adamek, Barbara Rybus-Kalinowska, Jakub Warakomski, Beata Łabuz-Roszak
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: In recent years, interests on dietary and health food have grown considerably. Nutritional knowledge and eating habits determined in the youth have an impact on the health condition in adulthood. The aim: To evaluate the eating habits in the population of young people from Silesian province. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: The anonymous questionnaire survey was conducted in the group of high school students aged 17-21 years coming from Silesian province, randomly chosen from high schools in Ruda Slaska...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
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