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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773497/indications-for-red-cell-transfusions-in-pediatric-patients
#1
REVIEW
Jill M Cholette, Suzie A Noronha, Jerard Seghatchian, Neil Blumberg
Red cell transfusions are amongst the most common therapeutic procedures in seriously ill children, particularly in the inpatient setting. This is despite the fact that there is no evidence base for most clinical settings, with the exception of patients with hemoglobinopathies, particularly thalassemia and sickle cell anemia. Obviously exsanguinating hemorrhage and life threatening anemia are urgent indications for which no other therapeutic approach is currently available. Most transfusions are, however, given prophylactically to prevent the complications of hypoxia or hemodynamic stability, based upon expert opinion and a faith in the oxygen carrying capacity and beneficial hemodynamic properties of transfused red cells...
May 10, 2018: Transfusion and Apheresis Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765932/fluid-overload-and-renal-angina-index-at-admission-are-associated-with-worse-outcomes-in-critically-ill-children
#2
Sidharth K Sethi, Veena Raghunathan, Shilpi Shah, Maninder Dhaliwal, Pranaw Jha, Maneesh Kumar, Sravanthi Paluri, Shyam Bansal, Maroun J Mhanna, Rupesh Raina
Objectives: We investigated the association of fluid overload and oxygenation in critically sick children, and their correlation with various outcomes (duration of ventilation, ICU stay, and mortality). We also assessed whether renal angina index (RAI) at admission can predict mortality or acute kidney injury (AKI) on day 3 after admission. Design and setting: Prospective study, pediatric intensive care in a tertiary hospital. Duration: June 2013-June 2014. Patients: Patients were included if they needed invasive mechanical ventilation for >24 h and had an indwelling arterial catheter...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762868/candidemia-in-children-epidemiology-prevention-and-management
#3
REVIEW
Elpis Mantadakis, Zoe Dorothea Pana, Theoklis Zaoutis
Candidemia is the leading cause of invasive fungal infections in hospitalized children. The highest rates of candidemia have been recorded in neonates and infants <1 year of age. Candidemia is more frequent in neonates and young infants than in adults, and is associated with better clinical outcomes, but higher inpatient costs. Over the last 10 years, a declining trend has been noted in the incidence of pediatric candidemia in the US and elsewhere due to the hospital-wide implementation of central-line insertion and maintenance bundles that emphasize full sterile barrier precautions, chlorhexidine skin preparation during line insertion, meticulous site and tubing care, and daily discussion of catheter necessity...
May 15, 2018: Mycoses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756705/ultrasound-guided-vascular-cannulation-experience-in-critically-ill-pediatric-patients
#4
José M López Álvarez, Olivia Pérez Quevedo, Teresa Ramírez Lorenzo, José M Limiñana Cañal, Juan F Loro Ferrer
INTRODUCTION: Central vascular cannulation in children is a highly complex technique and poses many difficulties. Vascular ultrasound can make this procedure easier. OBJECTIVE: To describe the characteristics of ultrasound-guided vascular cannulation in critically-ill pediatric patients. POPULATION AND METHODS: Outcome measures prospectively recorded were vessels most frequently cannulated, their localization, the measurement of their diameter/depth, the success rate and complications developed, among others...
June 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756499/machine-learning-for-outcome-prediction-in-electroencephalograph-eeg-monitored-children-in-the-intensive-care-unit
#5
Iván Sánchez Fernández, Arnold J Sansevere, Marina Gaínza-Lein, Kush Kapur, Tobias Loddenkemper
The aim of this study was to evaluate the performance of models predicting in-hospital mortality in critically ill children undergoing continuous electroencephalography (cEEG) in the intensive care unit (ICU). We evaluated the performance of machine learning algorithms for predicting mortality in a database of 414 critically ill children undergoing cEEG in the ICU. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) in the test subset was highest for stepwise selection/elimination models (AUC = 0...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754749/comparison-of-oral-and-axillary-temperatures-in-intubated-pediatric-patients
#6
Danielle Wood, Mary Heitschmidt, Louis Fogg
PURPOSE: Accurate body temperature measurement is essential in providing timely care to critically ill patients. Current practice within the Pediatric ICU (PICU) at a Midwestern academic medical center is to obtain axillary temperatures in endotracheally intubated patients. According to research, axillary temperatures have greater variance than other forms of temperature measurement. Research in adult patients show that oral temperature measurement in endotracheally intubated patients is acceptable as the heated gases from the ventilator has no significant effect on measured temperatures...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754433/unsung-heroes-flying-blind-a-metasynthesis-of-parents-experiences-of-caring-for-children-with-special-health-care-needs-at-home
#7
Carina Nygård, Anne Clancy
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To aggregate, synthesize and interpret qualitative research studies of parents' experiences of caring for a child with special health care needs at home. BACKGROUND: Advances in the field of medical and nursing science have ensured better survival rates for children with chronic illnesses. Many of these children have significant special health care needs. Today parents assume a caregiver role, undertaking tasks previously provided by nurses in hospitals...
May 13, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752809/exploring-the-relationship-between-adverse-childhood-experiences-and-oral-health-related-quality-of-life
#8
Faizan Kabani, Kristine Lykens, Hyo Jung Tak
OBJECTIVES: Evidence indicates that adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) have destructive impacts on quality of life, health outcomes, and health-care expenditures. Studies further demonstrate a dose-response relationship between the number of ACEs and risk for experiencing chronic illness, such as oral diseases later in life. Research is scarce on the prioritization of contextualized public health interventions addressing this important threat. METHODS: Cross-sectional data from 2011 to 2012 National Survey of Children's Health (NSCH) provided a nationally representative sample of children in the United States, ages 1-17 for dentate status (n = 61,530)...
May 12, 2018: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751362/low-prevalence-of-palliative-care-and-ethics-consultations-for-children-with-chronic-critical-illness
#9
Renee D Boss, Alison Falck, Naomi Goloff, Nancy Hutton, Alison Miles, Miriam Shapiro, Elliott M Weiss, Pamela K Donohue
Medical advances over the past two decades have increased the numbers of children who survive serious conditions. Mortality from premature birth and genetic syndromes has improved such that more clinicians offer, and more families request, interventions to prolong their child's life. While some interventions promise cure, others result in chronic disease states that require ongoing medical care. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
May 11, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747317/-value-of-procalcitonin-in-predicting-the-severity-and-prognosis-of-neonates-with-septicemia
#10
J Zhang, D Qu, X X Ren, X D Cui, J Fu
Objective: To explore the value of procalcitonin(PCT) in predicting the severity and prognosis of neonates with septicemia. Methods: The clinical data of the hospitalized neonates over the age of 72 hours with double positive blood cultures from December 1st, 2011 to September 30, 2017 at the neonatal intensive care unit of Children's Hospital Affiliated to Capital Institute of Pediatrics was analyzed retrospectively. Results: A total of 75 neonates were included in the study. There was a significant negative correlation between PCT and neonatal critical illness score ( r =-0...
April 24, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744657/transcatheter-intervention-of-coronary-obstructions-in-infants-children-and-young-adults
#11
Ryan Callahan, James E Lock, Pinak B Shah, Audrey C Marshall
This study assesses the characteristics of coronary obstructions that underwent transcatheter intervention in a pediatric catheterization laboratory, the procedural details, and patient outcomes. Acute cardiac failure due to coronary obstructions in children is rare. The role of catheter based intervention is largely unreported. Single center retrospective review between January 2000 and December 2016. Thirty-three patients (median age 2y/o [0-38], weighing 9.6 kg [2.2-91]) underwent 39 transcatheter interventions on 39 lesions, mainly left main coronary (16/39; 39%) and right coronary (9/39; 23%) arteries...
May 9, 2018: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742225/translation-and-cross-cultural-adaptation-of-the-pediatric-confusion-assessment-method-for-the-intensive-care-unit-into-brazilian-portuguese-for-the-detection-of-delirium-in-pediatric-intensive-care-units
#12
Marizete Elisa Molon, Roberta Esteves Vieira de Castro, Flávia Andrea Krepel Foronda, Maria Clara Magalhães-Barbosa, Jaqueline Rodrigues Robaina, Jefferson Pedro Piva, Pedro Celiny Ramos Garcia, Arnaldo Prata-Barbosa, Elie Cheniaux, Heidi A B Smith
OBJECTIVE: To undertake the translation and cross-cultural adaption into Brazilian Portuguese of the Pediatric Confusion Assessment Method for the Intensive Care Unit for the detection of delirium in pediatric intensive care units, including the algorithm and instructions. METHODS: A universalist approach for the translation and cross-cultural adaptation of health measurement instruments was used. A group of pediatric critical care specialists assessed conceptual and item equivalences...
March 2018: Revista Brasileira de Terapia Intensiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741717/influenza-associated-acute-necrotizing-encephalopathy-in-siblings
#13
Ashley Howard, Timothy M Uyeki, Jaime Fergie
Encephalopathy is an important complication associated with influenza, most frequently observed in young children, with a wide range of severity. The most severe category of influenza-associated encephalopathy (IAE) is acute necrotizing encephalopathy (ANE), characterized by high frequency of neurologic sequelae and fatal outcomes. We report two young siblings who developed fever and seizures with altered mental status. Influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 virus infection was identified in upper respiratory tract specimens from both patients, and neuroimaging revealed bilateral inflammatory lesions, consistent with acute necrotizing encephalopathy...
May 4, 2018: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732182/drugs-pharmacokinetics-during-veno-venous-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-in-pediatrics
#14
REVIEW
Matteo Di Nardo, Enno Diederick Wildschut
Data evaluating pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) aspect in the pediatric population are scarce especially regarding the pediatric intensive care unit. Dosing of frequently used drugs (sedatives, analgesics, antibiotics and cardiovascular drugs) are mainly based on non "pediatric intensive care unit (PICU)" patients, and sometimes are translated from adult patients. Among PICU patients, the most complex patients are the ones who are critically ill and are receiving mechanical circulatory/respiratory support for cardiac and/or respiratory failure...
March 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728304/life-after-critical-illness-in-children-toward-an-understanding-of-pediatric-post-intensive-care-syndrome
#15
R Scott Watson, Karen Choong, Gillian Colville, Sheri Crow, Leslie A Dervan, Ramona O Hopkins, Hennie Knoester, Murray M Pollack, Janet Rennick, Martha A Q Curley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 19, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727368/platelet-transfusion-practices-in-critically-ill-children
#16
Marianne E Nellis, Oliver Karam, Elizabeth Mauer, Melissa M Cushing, Peter J Davis, Marie E Steiner, Marisa Tucci, Simon J Stanworth, Philip C Spinella
OBJECTIVES: Little is known about platelet transfusions in pediatric critical illness. We sought to describe the epidemiology, indications, and outcomes of platelet transfusions among critically ill children. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Multicenter (82 PICUs), international (16 countries) from September 2016 to April 2017. PATIENTS: Children ages 3 days to 16 years prescribed a platelet transfusion in the ICU during screening days...
May 4, 2018: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727363/benzodiazepines-and-development-of-delirium-in-critically-ill-children-estimating-the-causal-effect
#17
Kalgi Mody, Savneet Kaur, Elizabeth A Mauer, Linda M Gerber, Bruce M Greenwald, Gabrielle Silver, Chani Traube
OBJECTIVES: Benzodiazepine use may be associated with delirium in critically ill children. However, benzodiazepines remain the first-line sedative choice in PICUs. Objectives were to determine the temporal relationship between administration of benzodiazepines and delirium development, control for time-varying covariates such as mechanical ventilation and opiates, and evaluate the association between dosage of benzodiazepines and subsequent delirium. DESIGN: Retrospective observational study...
May 4, 2018: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727354/applying-machine-learning-to-pediatric-critical-care-data
#18
Jon B Williams, Debjit Ghosh, Randall C Wetzel
OBJECTIVES: To explore whether machine learning applied to pediatric critical care data could discover medically pertinent information, we analyzed clinically collected electronic medical record data, after data extraction and preparation, using k-means clustering. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of electronic medical record ICU data. SETTING: Tertiary Children's Hospital PICU. PATIENTS: Anonymized electronic medical record data from PICU admissions over 10 years...
April 30, 2018: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726823/blood-pressure-measurement-in-critically-ill-children-where-do-we-stand
#19
Pankaj Gupta, Dimple Goel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 15, 2018: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724123/evidence-supporting-clinical-use-of-proportional-assist-ventilation-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-clinical-trials
#20
Bharath Kumar Tirupakuzhi Vijayaraghavan, Shatha Hamed, Aditi Jain, Timothy Chimunda, Irene Telias, Jan O Friedrich, Karen E A Burns
BACKGROUND: While proportional assist ventilation (PAV), generates pressure in proportion to effort without a preselected target, proportional assist ventilation plus (PAV+) measures compliance and resistance, calculates work of breathing, and adjusts support to a preset assistance level. OBJECTIVE: To summarize randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing invasive or noninvasive PAV or PAV+ in critically ill patients. DATA SOURCES: We searched multiple databases to April 2017 without language restrictions and conference proceedings from 5 meetings to identify randomized parallel-group and crossover RCTs that compared invasive or noninvasive PAV or PAV+ to another mode in critically ill adults or children and reported at least 1 clinically important outcome...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
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