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Smoking and surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087973/granulomas-in-mesenteric-lymph-nodes-in-crohn-s-disease-patients-with-ileocolic-resection-are-areassociated-with-younger-age-and-transmural-inflammation
#1
Xingwen Sun, Lisi Yuan, Yi Li, Bo Shen, Hao Xie, Xiuli Liu
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Mesenteric lymph nodes were usually removed during bowel resection surgery for Crohn's disease (CD). Mesenteric lymph node (MLN) granuloma predicted postoperative disease recurrence in patients with CD after ileocolic resection (ICR). This study was aimed to identify factors associated with MLN granulomas in a cohort of CD patients underwent ICR. METHODS: The study group consisted of 18 patients with CD who underwent the index ICR between 2004 and 2012 and had MLN granulomas...
January 14, 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078816/smoking-and-orthopaedic-surgery-does-the-evidence-support-rationing-of-care
#2
Kunal Kulkarni, St John Karssiens, Holly Massie, Hemant Pandit
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 12, 2017: Musculoskeletal Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074374/can-we-predict-the-perioperative-pulmonary-complications-before-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-original-research
#3
Nurhan Atilla, Huseyin Arpag, Fulsen Bozkus, Hasan Kahraman, Emrah Cengiz, Ertan Bulbuloglu, Semi Atilla
BACKGROUND: The increasing prevalence of obesity in worldwide is one of the most serious chronic public health problems and is considered to be a global epidemic. Bariatric surgical procedures have also been applied more often with increased prevalence of obesity. As a result, the incidence of surgical complications has increased. Preoperative evaluation is quite important for these patients. AIMS: The aim of our study is to determine the predictors of perioperative pulmonary complications of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy...
January 10, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073631/-assessing-motivation-to-smoking-cessation-in-hospitalized-patients
#4
Juana María Sepúlveda-Sánchez, José Carlos Canca-Sánchez, Francisco Rivas-Ruiz, Mónica Martín-García, Celia Lorente Márquez, Eva María Timonet-Andreu
AIM: To assess motivation to quit smoking in patients admitted to an acute care hospital, determine predictors of readiness to change, and identify a risk group that requires targeted motivational interviewing. METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive study. A retrospective study was performed on the medical records of 248 patients aged >18 years with smoking habits admitted to the medical and surgery units of a district hospital between May 2014 and April 2015...
January 7, 2017: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071959/tenfold-risk-increase-of-major-cardiovascular-events-after-high-limb-amputation-with-non-compliance-for-secondary-prevention-measures
#5
Evgeniya V Shalaeva, Hugo Saner, Bakhtiyor B Janabaev, Aleksandra V Shalaeva
Background The aim of the study was to evaluate the impact of compliance with lifestyle recommendations and medication on 1-year prevention of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) after trans-femoral amputation (TFA). Methods In this prospective single-center interventional cohort study, 179 consecutive T2D patients with symptomatic coronary artery disease (CAD) underwent 1-year follow-up examination after TFA in 2013. Lower limb and coronary artery CT angiography were provided before surgery; physical examination and laboratory tests were performed at baseline and every month after TFA for 1 year...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068753/retrospective-matched-pair-cohort-study-on-effect-of-bisegmental-fenestration-versus-hemilaminectomy-for-bisegmental-spinal-canal-stenosis-at-l3-l4-and-l4-l5
#6
Julia Schüppel, Friedrich Weber
Background The main symptoms of degenerative lumbar spinal canal stenosis are progressive back pain, spinal claudication, and, occasionally, sensory and motor deficits. Impairments particularly occur during walking, standing, and sitting. Thus social and vocational activities are increasingly restricted, causing considerable suffering for patients. Surgical therapies are superior to conservative ones. This article studies the outcome of 2-level fenestration versus hemilaminectomy for bisegmental spinal stenosis decompression...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part A, Central European Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067102/preoperative-modifiable-risk-factors-in-colorectal-surgery-an-observational-cohort-study-identifying-the-possible-value-of-prehabilitation
#7
Stefanus van Rooijen, Francesco Carli, Susanne O Dalton, Christoffer Johansen, Jeanne Dieleman, Rudi Roumen, Gerrit Slooter
BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the second most prevalent type of cancer in the world. Surgery is the most common therapeutic intervention, and associated with 20-40% reduction in physiological and functional capacity. Postoperative complications occur in up to 50% of patients resulting in higher mortality rates and greater hospital costs. The number and severity of complications is closely related to patients' preoperative performance status. The aim of this study was to identify the most important preoperative modifiable risk factors that could be part of a multimodal prehabilitation program...
January 9, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066665/pleural-tenting-as-an-effective-adjunct-in-patients-with-pneumothorax-secondary-to-emphysema-evaluated-with-computed-tomography-scan
#8
Chao-Chun Chang, Ying-Yuan Chen, Jia-Ming Chang, Yau-Lin Tseng, Chia-Ying Lin, Ming-Tsung Chuang, Yi-Ting Yen
BACKGROUND: The efficacy of thoracoscopic blebectomy and pleurodesis for secondary spontaneous pneumothorax (SSP) is often attenuated by diffuse emphysematous parenchyma. In this study, we reviewed our surgical results of pleural tenting and its association with preoperative chest computed tomography (CT) in patients with SSP. METHODS: From September 2005 to December 2014, there were 96 surgeries on 84 patients with SSP due to pulmonary emphysema. The data was collected on age, sex, smoking status, preoperative chest CT scan image, surgical procedure, blood loss, operative time, duration of tube thoracostomy, and hospital stay...
October 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066521/interventions-to-manage-residual-limb-ulceration-due-to-prosthetic-use-in-individuals-with-lower-extremity-amputation-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#9
M Jason Highsmith, Jason T Kahle, Tyler D Klenow, Casey R Andrews, Katherine L Lewis, Rachel C Bradley, Jessica M Ward, John J Orriola, James T Highsmith
Patients with lower extremity amputation (LEA) experience 65% more dermatologic issues than non-amputees, and skin problems are experienced by ≈75% of LEA patients who use prostheses. Continuously referring LEA patients to a dermatologist for every stump related skin condition may be impractical. Thus, physical rehabilitation professionals should be prepared to recognize and manage common non-emergent skin conditions in this population. The purpose of this study was to determine the quantity, quality, and strength of available evidence supporting treatment methods for prosthesis-related residual limb (RL) ulcers...
September 2016: Technology and Innovation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061518/breast-reconstruction-in-elderly-patients-risk-factors-clinical-outcomes-and-aesthetic-results
#10
Rosaria Laporta, Sorotos Michail, Longo Benedetto, Santanelli di Pompeo Fabio
Background Correlation among age, clinical, and aesthetic outcomes in implant-based and autologous breast reconstructions was investigated. Methods Between 2004 and 2014, a retrospective study was performed on patients who underwent reconstruction following mastectomy. Patients were divided in group A (< 50 years), group B (≥ 50-59 years), group C (≥ 60-69 years), and group D (≥ 70 years). Demographics, comorbidities, American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) class, and length of stay were assessed using chi-square and Kruskal-Wallis H analysis considering p ≤ 0...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060361/preoperative-clinical-features-of-reactivated-of-graves-orbitopathy-after-orbital-decompression
#11
Y J Woo, J W Kim, J S Yoon
PurposeTo investigate the incidence and preoperative clinical features of reactivated Graves' orbitopathy (GO) after orbital decompression.MethodsThis study included patients with GO who underwent orbital decompression for disfiguring proptosis and not compressive optic neuropathy and received postoperative follow-up care for more than 12 months. Patients who experienced active inflammatory signs within 6 months of decompression were excluded from analysis. The demographic characteristics, ophthalmic manifestations, and biochemical parameters of the patients were analyzed for association with reactivation of GO by logistic regression analysis...
January 6, 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055965/selected-patients-can-benefit-more-from-the-management-of-etoposide-and-platinum-based-chemotherapy-and-thoracic-irradiation-a-retrospective-analysis-of-707-small-cell-lung-cancer-patients
#12
Shoubo Cao, Shi Jin, Jing Shen, Jingyan Cao, Hua Zhang, Qingwei Meng, Chunyan Wang, Aiqi Zhang, Pei Zhang, Yan Yu
The management of small cell lung cancer (SCLC) has reached a plateau. Etoposide and platinum-based chemotherapy plus thoracic irradiation remain the standard treatment strategy for SCLC. Our study aims to assess the potential prognostic factors of patients treated with etoposide and platinum-based chemotherapy and explore which group of patients can benefit more from standard treatment strategies. On univariate analysis, age>65 years, male patients, KPS (Karnofsky Performance Status)≤80 points, positive smoking history, anemia, lymphocyte counts≤1...
December 31, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052083/pregnancy-outcomes-after-treatment-for-cervical-cancer-precursor-lesions-an-observational-study
#13
Sheila Weinmann, Allison Naleway, Geeta Swamy, Girishanthy Krishnarajah, Bhakti Arondekar, Jovelle Fernandez, Evan Myers
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether surgical procedures involving the uterine cervix were associated with pregnancy outcomes, including preterm birth, low birth weight, cesarean delivery and pregnancy loss. DESIGN: Population-based observational study nested in retrospective matched cohort. SETTING: Kaiser Permanente Northwest integrated health plan in Oregon/Washington, U.S.A. POPULATION: Female health plan members age 14-53 years with documented pregnancies from 1998-2009...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051217/changes-of-crohn-s-disease-phenotype-over-time
#14
Afef Ouaz, Monia Fekih, Asma Labidi, Nadia Ben Mustapha, Meriem Serghini, Lilia Zouiten, Jalel Boubaker, Azza Filali
Background - Crohn's disease is a clinically heterogeneous condition. Our aim was to identify the phenotype evolution of Crohn's disease over time according to the Montreal Classification and to precise predictive factors of the need for immunosuppressant treatment or surgery. Methods - We included Crohn's disease patients who were followed up for at least 5 years. We excluded patients who were lost to follow up before five. Patients were classified according to the Montreal classification for phenotype at diagnosis and five years later...
June 2016: La Tunisie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045829/the-effect-of-smoking-on-facial-fat-grafting-surgery
#15
Burhan Özalp, Çağri Çakmakoğlu
Facial fat grafting has been increasingly performed to create a more youthful face. Cigarette smoking might have potential harmful effects on fat graft survival. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of cigarette smoking on facial lipofilling.Eighteen smoker patients (13 females and 5 males) with a mean age of 37.4 years (range: 21-53 years) who underwent facial lipofilling were enrolled in this retrospective study. The patients were followed up for an average of 19.3 months (range: 14-32 months)...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041950/association-of-body-mass-index-with-the-pattern-of-surgically-treated-ankle-fractures-using-two-different-classification-systems
#16
Knut Stavem, Markus G Naumann, Ulf Sigurdsen, Stein Erik Utvåg
The present retrospective cohort study assessed the association of body mass index (BMI) with the pattern of ankle fractures using 2 classifications systems. Of the 1011 consecutive patients who underwent surgery for ankle fractures in 2 hospitals from January 2009 to December 2011, 837 had a classifiable fracture according to 1 of 2 classification systems and complete information available for covariates. The association of BMI, adjusted for age, sex, corticosteroid use, diabetes, and smoking status with having a more proximal fibula fracture (Weber class A to C) and an increasing number of malleoli involved (uni-, bi-, or trimalleolar) was assessed using multivariable ordered logistic regression analysis...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033299/factors-predicting-venous-thromboembolism-after-spine-surgery
#17
Tao Wang, Si-Dong Yang, Wen-Zheng Huang, Feng-Yu Liu, Hui Wang, Wen-Yuan Ding
BACKGROUND: A meta-analysis was performed to explore predicted factors of venous thromboembolism (VTE) after surgery in the treatment for spine degeneration diseases. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Many scholars have focused on VTE after spine surgery, but as for the risk factors of VTE have not reached a consensus. METHODS: An extensive search of literature, "spine or spinal," "degeneration," "after surgery or postoperation," and "venous thromboembolism" as key words, was performed in PubMed/MEDLINE, Embase, the Cochrane library, CNKI, and WANFANG databases...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032549/size-capacity-mismatch-in-the-lung-a-novel-predictor-for-complications-after-lung-cancer-surgery
#18
Junichi Murakami, Kazuhiro Ueda, Masataro Hayashi, Taiga Kobayashi, Yoshie Kunihiro, Kimikazu Hamano
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to make a combined pulmonary functional and anatomical assessment using spirometry and computed tomography (CT) to clarify the best predictor for cardiopulmonary complications after thoracoscopic major lung resection for cancer. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed our prospective database of 304 patients undergoing thoracoscopic major lung resection for cancer. The total lung volume (TLV) was measured preoperatively using deep-inspiratory CT by summing the voxels representing -600 to -1024 Hounsfield units...
August 19, 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029320/pulmonary-infiltrates-in-a-patient-with-advanced-melanoma
#19
Charles A Powell
The Oncology Grand Rounds series is designed to place original reports published in the Journal into clinical context. A case presentation is followed by a description of diagnostic and management challenges, a review of the relevant literature, and a summary of the authors' suggested management approaches. The goal of this series is to help readers better understand how to apply the results of key studies, including those published in Journal of Clinical Oncology, to patients seen in their own clinical practice...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027419/a-retrospective-cohort-study-of-the-influence-of-lifestyle-factors-on-survival-of-patients-undergoing-surgery-for-colorectal-cancer
#20
Dayna Alexander, Gwen M Allardice, Susan J Moug, David S Morrison
AIM: Several modifiable and non-modifiable health related behaviours are associated with the incidence of Colorectal Cancer (CRC), but there is little research on their association with survival. The project aimed to investigate possible relationships between modifiable behavioural factors and outcomes on a study cohort of CRC patients undergoing potentially curative surgery. METHOD: A retrospective cohort study was carried out of patients diagnosed with non-metastatic CRC undergoing elective curative surgery (January 2011 - December 2012), residing in the NHS Greater Glasgow & Clyde (NHSGGC) area, UK...
December 27, 2016: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
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