keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Smoking and surgery

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812595/compulsive-like-sufentanil-vapor-self-administration-in-the-rat
#1
Janaina Cm Vendruscolo, Brendan J Tunstall, Stephanie A Carmack, Brooke E Schmeichel, Emily G Lowery-Gionta, Maury Cole, Olivier George, Sophia Vandewater, Michael Taffe, George F Koob, Leandro F Vendruscolo
Opioid misuse is at historically high levels in the United States, with inhalation (ie, smoking, and vaping) being one of the most common routes of consumption. We developed and validated a novel preclinical model of opioid self-administration by inhalation that does not require surgery and reliably produces somatic and motivational signs of dependence. Rats were trained to perform an operant response (nosepoke) to receive 10 s of vaporized sufentanil, a potent opioid, in 2 h daily sessions. Rats readily and concentration-dependently self-administered vaporized sufentanil...
August 16, 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808602/high-lumbar-noninstrumented-fusion-rates-using-lamina-autograft-and-nanoss-bone-marrow-aspirate
#2
Nancy E Epstein
BACKGROUND: Patients with marked osteoporosis and/or obesity/morbid obesity and severe multilevel lumbar stenosis and other pathology often undergo multilevel laminectomies with non instrumented posterolateral fusions (PLF). The other pathology may include combinations of degenerative spondylolisthesis/lysis, foraminal/far lateral discs, and/or synovial cysts requiring more extensive facet resections. Presently, spine surgeons often use bone graft expanders to supplement the lamina autograft harvested in the course of laminectomy/decompressions for the PLF mass...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804247/ophthalmology-in-north-america-early-stories-1491-1801
#3
REVIEW
Christopher T Leffler, Stephen G Schwartz, Ricardo D Wainsztein, Adam Pflugrath, Eric Peterson
New World plants, such as tobacco, tomato, and chili, were held to have beneficial effects on the eyes. Indigenous healers rubbed or scraped the eyes or eyelids to treat inflammation, corneal opacities, and even eye irritation from smoke. European settlers used harsh treatments, such as bleeding and blistering, when the eyes were inflamed or had loss of vision with a normal appearance (gutta serena). In New Spain, surgery for corneal opacity was performed in 1601 and cataract couching in 1611. North American physicians knew of contralateral loss of vision after trauma or surgery (sympathetic ophthalmia), which they called "sympathy...
2017: Ophthalmology and Eye Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803172/influence-of-obesity-on-complications-clinical-outcome-and-subsidence-following-anterior-lumbar-interbody-fusion-alif-prospective-observational-study
#4
Kevin Phan, Priya Rogers, Prashanth J Rao, Ralph J Mobbs
BACKGROUND: The complications associated with obesity have been well described for posterior lumbar spinal surgery. However, the influence of obesity on anterior lumbar interbody fusion (ALIF) is not well established. We aimed to compare complication risks, functional outcomes and subsidence rates in normal, overweight and obese patients who underwent ALIF. METHODS: 137 consecutive patients undergoing ALIF surgery from 2012-2014 were prospectively followed. Patients were categorized into 3 groups according to their body mass index (BMI)...
August 9, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800918/the-timing-of-hip-arthroscopy-after-intra-articular-hip-injection-affects-postoperative-infection-risk
#5
Dean Wang, Christopher L Camp, Anil S Ranawat, Struan H Coleman, Bryan T Kelly, Brian C Werner
PURPOSE: To evaluate the association of preoperative intra-articular hip injection with surgical site infection after hip arthroscopy. METHODS: A large administrative database was used to identify all patients undergoing hip arthroscopy from 2007 to 2015 within a single private insurer and from 2005 to 2012 within Medicare in the United States. Those that received an ipsilateral preoperative intra-articular hip injection were identified. The patients were then divided into the following groups based on the interval between preoperative injection and ipsilateral hip arthroscopy: (1) <3 months, (2) 3 to 6 months, and (3) 6 to 12 months...
August 8, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799015/risk-factors-of-pain-in-breast-cancer-survivors-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
Laurence Leysen, David Beckwée, Jo Nijs, Roselien Pas, Thomas Bilterys, Sofie Vermeir, Nele Adriaenssens
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer remains the number 1 lethal malignancy in women. With rising incidence and decreased mortality, the number of breast cancer survivors has increased. Consequently, sequelae, such as pain, are becoming more important. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify risk factors for the development of pain in breast cancer survivors. METHODS: PubMed and Web of Science were systematically screened for studies encompassing risk factors for the development of pain in breast cancer survivors...
August 10, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797982/identification-of-preoperative-and-intraoperative-risk-factors-for-complications-in-the-elderly-undergoing-elective-craniotomy
#7
Stephen J Johans, Jonathan R Garst, Daniel J Burkett, Kurt Grahnke, Brendan Martin, Tarik F Ibrahim, Douglas E Anderson, Vikram C Prabhu
BACKGROUND: Neurosurgical patients are aging as the general population is getting older. METHODS: A retrospective review of patients ≥ 65 years of age who underwent an elective craniotomy from 2007-2015 to identify risk factors for 30-day morbidity/mortality was conducted. Key preoperative variables included age, co-morbidities, and functional status based on the Karnofsky Performance Status (KPS) score and modified Rankin Scale (mRS) score. Outcome variables included long-term care (LTC) complications, neurologic complications, systemic/infectious complications, length of stay (LOS), functional outcomes, and mortality...
August 7, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790295/-perioperative-management-team-in-esophageal-cancer-surgery
#8
Akihiko Okamura, Masayuki Watanabe
Esophagectomy for patients with esophageal cancer is one of the most invasive surgery. Despite advances in surgical techniques and perioperative management, both morbidity and mortality rates after esophagectomy still remains high. Recently, it was suggested that perioperative care bundle is effective for preventing postoperative complications after esophagectomy. Then, we introduced a perioperative multidisciplinary management team, which aimed at systematic perioperative care for patients undergoing esophagectomy...
July 2017: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790286/-intraoperative-prevention-and-postoperative-treatment-of-air-leakage-in-lung-surgery
#9
Masahito Naito, Yukitoshi Satoh
The intraoperative and postoperative air leakages in lung surgery are caused by factors related to patients as well as the surgical technique employed. Prevention and management of air leakage caused by these varied factors are essential for thoracic surgeons. The factors related to patients, such as severe emphysema, smoking history, and insufficient lobulation, should be evaluated before surgery. Although time-consuming, careful and reliable surgical techniques are required. After the lung surgery, management of drain is essential for controlling air leakage...
July 2017: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790283/-postoperative-atelectasis-and-pneumonia-after-general-thoracic-surgery
#10
Yasushi Hoshikawa, Daisuke Tochii
Atelectasis and pneumonia are common postoperative complications occurred in patients undergoing general thoracic surgery. Strategies to reduce the risk of postoperative pulmonary complications including these 2 disorders consist of smoking cessation, optimization of underlying chronic obstructive pulmonary disease( COPD), adequate pain control, intensive oral care, and so on. Preoperative treatments for patients with COPD are the same as those for COPD patients being not about to have surgery, which mainly consist of long-acting bronchodilators and pulmonary rehabilitation...
July 2017: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790002/reduced-impact-of-smoking-status-on-30-day-complication-and-readmission-rates-after-elective-spinal-fusion-%C3%A2-3-levels-for-adult-spine-deformity-a-single-institutional-study-of-839-patients
#11
Aladine A Elsamadicy, Owoicho Adogwa, Amanda Sergesketter, Victoria D Vuong, Emily Lydon, Shay Behrens, Joseph Cheng, Carlos A Bagley, Isaac O Karikari
BACKGROUND: Smoking status has been shown to affect postoperative outcomes after surgery. The aim of this study is to determine if patients' smoking status impacts 30-day complication and re-admission rates after elective complex spinal fusion (≥3 levels). METHODS: The medical records of 839 adult spinal deformity patients undergoing elective complex spinal fusion (≥3 levels) at a major academic institution from 2005 to 2015 were reviewed. We identified 124(14...
August 5, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783541/increasing-frequency-of-non-smoking-lung-cancer-presentation-of-patients-with-early-disease-to-a-tertiary-institution-in-the-uk
#12
Maria Elena Cufari, Chiara Proli, Paulo De Sousa, Hilgardt Raubenheimer, May Al Sahaf, Hema Chavan, Lynn Shedden, Zakiyah Niwaz, Maria Leung, Andrew G Nicholson, Vladimir Anikin, Emma Beddow, Niall McGonigle, Michael E Dusmet, Simon Jordan, George Ladas, Eric Lim
BACKGROUND: Never-smokers with lung cancer often present late as there are no established aetiological risk factors. The aim of the study is to define the frequency over time and characterise clinical features of never-smokers presenting sufficiently early to determine if it is possible to identify patients at risk. METHODS: We retrospectively analysed data from a prospectively collected database of patients who underwent surgery. The frequency was defined as number of never-smokers versus current and ex-smokers by year...
August 3, 2017: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780877/-identification-of-risk-factors-of-multiresistant-infections-on-two-intensive-care-units
#13
Marcell Szabó, Noémi Kanász, Katalin Darvas, János Gál
INTRODUCTION: Intensive care units are favourable environment for infections, many of them are caused by antibiotic resistant bacteria. AIM: Identifying risk factors of ICU-acquired multiresistant infections. METHOD: We performed observational study on two academic intensive care units (a multidisciplinary and a surgical ICU) between 01/09/2014 and 30/11/2015. Patients with a first infection caused by predefined organisms (P. aeruginosa, E...
August 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780223/modifiable-risk-factors-are-common-in-early-revision-hip-and-knee%C3%A2-arthroplasty
#14
James R Kee, Simon C Mears, Paul K Edwards, C Lowry Barnes
BACKGROUND: Obesity, smoking, uncontrolled diabetes, and poor dental health are modifiable risk factors for revision total joint arthroplasty. To protect patients from revision surgery while also reducing cost, some joint arthroplasty practices use these conditions as contraindications until they are improved. However, this practice is variable among joint arthroplasty surgeons. We hypothesize that a relatively high rate of revision arthroplasty patients had modifiable risk factors at the time of primary surgery...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780004/prognostic-factors-for-all-inside-meniscal-repair-an-87-case-series
#15
LoïcLaurendon, Thomas Neri, Frédéric Farizon, Rémi Philippot
INTRODUCTION: Repair is indicated for tears in non-degenerative menisci. The literature reports a 15% failure rate for all-inside repair. The aim of the present study was to determine prognostic factors for failure of all-inside meniscal repair. The study hypothesis was that epidemiological, clinical and surgical factors affect success. MATERIALANDMETHODS: A retrospective study included 87 meniscal repair procedures, with or without anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tear...
August 2, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777387/increased-levels-of-circulating-cd34-cells-in-neovascular-age-related-macular-degeneration-relation-with-clinical-and-oct-features
#16
Caner Kara, Pınar Ç Özdal, Emrullah Beyazyıldız, Nurgül E Özcan, Mehmet Y Teke, Gülden Vural, Faruk Öztürk
PURPOSE: To investigate the levels of circulating CD34+ stem cells in patients with neovascular type age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and its relation with clinical and optical coherence tomography (OCT) findings. METHODS: The study consisted of 55 patients: 28 patients (18 male and 10 female) with neovascular type AMD as a study group and 27 patients (12 male and 15 female) scheduled for cataract surgery as a control group. The level of CD34+ stem cells was measured by flow cytometry...
August 2, 2017: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770963/characteristic-analysis-of-pulmonary-ground-glass-lesions-with-the-help-of-64-slice-ct-technology
#17
Y-G Lv, J-H Bao, D-U Xu, Q-H Yan, Y-J Li, D-L Yuan, J-H Ma
OBJECTIVE: With the help of new technologies like 64-slice spiral CT, including latest AW4.4, 2D nodule comparing and analyzing technology, MPR and 3D technology, MIP technology and the technology of analyzing pulmonary vascular density by the method of perfusion scanning, we performed characteristic analysis of ground-glass opacities (GGO) for the early diagnosis of lung cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We selected 62 patients suspected of lung cancer, whose conventional CT showed that they were patients with GGO...
July 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765254/risk-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-and-its-association-with-cardiovascular-and-noncardiac-vascular-risk-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-population-based-study
#18
Katelynn M Wilton, Eric L Matteson, Cynthia S Crowson
OBJECTIVE: To define the incidence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and determine whether OSA diagnosis predicts future cardiovascular disease (CVD) and noncardiac vascular events. METHODS: Medical information pertaining to RA, OSA, CVD, and vascular diagnoses was extracted from a comprehensive medical record system for a geographically defined population of 813 patients previously diagnosed with RA and 813 age- and sex-matched comparator subjects...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763918/-the-association-between-single-nucleotide-polymorphisms-in-il6-il10-genes-and-the-susceptibility-to-primary-hepatic-carcinoma-in-shunde-district-of-foshan-city
#19
X L Wang, X Ye, X F Yu, H Ding, Q Liu, L Liu, S D Chen
Objective: To investigate the association between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) in cytokine IL6, IL10 genes and the susceptibility to primary hepatic carcinoma(PHC) of Shunde district in Guangdong Province. Methods: Patients from two hospitals in Shunde District of Foshan City were selected from October 2010 to October 2012. Case group inclusion criteria includedprimary liver cancer; local residents of Shunde or living in Shunde for more than 10 years. The control group inclusion criteria included: patients visited ENT, general surgery and physical examination department in the same hospital during the same period; Local residents or living in Shunde for 10 years and above...
August 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761643/a-prospective-randomised-trial-of-isolated-pathogens-of-surgical-site-infections-ssi
#20
Konstantinos Alexiou, Ioannis Drikos, Maria Terzopoulou, Nikolaos Sikalias, Argyrios Ioannidis, Nikolaos Economou
BACKGROUND: Every surgical wound is colonized by bacteria, but only a small percentage displays symptoms of infection. The distribution of pathogens isolated in surgical site infections has not significantly changed over the last decades. Staph. Aureus, Coag(-) Staphylococci, Enterococcus spp and E. Coli are the main strains appearing. In addition, a continuously rising proportion of surgical site infections caused by resistant bacterial species (MRSA, C. Albicans) has been reported...
September 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
keyword
keyword
70945
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"