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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052176/factors-associated-with-american-indian-mental-health-service-use-in-comparison-with-white-older-adults
#1
Heehyul Moon, Yeon-Shim Lee, Soonhee Roh, Catherine E Burnette
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to identify the factors that impact mental health service use among American Indian (AI) older adults living in South Dakota compared to their White counterparts. DESIGN AND METHODS: Using a cross-sectional design with 735 participants (n = 502 Whites, n = 233 AIs), we used ordinal regressions to analyze the extent to which predisposing, need, and enabling/hindering factors predicted the level of mental health service utilization...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051673/local-tidal-regime-dictates-plasticity-of-expression-of-locomotor-activity-rhythms-of-american-horseshoe-crabs-limulus-polyphemus
#2
Rebecca L Anderson, Winsor H Watson, Christopher C Chabot
While horseshoe crabs Limulus polyphemus from regions with two daily tides express endogenous circatidal (~ 12.4 h) activity rhythms, much less is known about locomotor rhythm expression in horseshoe crabs from other tidal regimes. This study investigated whether horseshoe crabs (1) always express activity rhythms consistent with their natural tides, and (2) can alter activity rhythm expression in response to novel tide cycles. Activity rhythms of animals from environments with two daily tides (Gulf of Maine, 43°6' N/70°52' W, and Massachusetts, 41°32' N/70°40'W), one dominant daily tide (Apalachee Bay, Florida, 29°58' N/84°20' W), and microtides (Indian River Lagoon, Florida, 28°5' N/80°35' W) were recorded in 2011-2013 during three artificial tide conditions: no tides, a 12...
April 2017: Marine Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050233/clinicopathological-characteristics-and-survival-outcomes-of-male-breast-cancer-according-to-race-a-seer-population-based-study
#3
He-Fen Sun, Yang Zhao, Shui-Ping Gao, Liang-Dong Li, Wen-Yan Fu, Hong-Lin Jiang, Meng-Ting Chen, Li-Peng Yang, Wei Jin
To investigate the clinicopathological characteristics and survival outcomes of breast cancer in the male population, 8,607 cases of patients were identified in the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database, including white males (n = 7122), black males (n = 1111), and other males (American Indian/AK Native, Asian/Pacific Islander) (n = 374). Black male breast cancer patients were more likely to be in stages II-IV and have more advanced tumors. The rate of lymph node (LN) involvement at diagnosis was higher in black men than in whites and others...
September 19, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045274/recruiting-american-indian-alaska-native-students-to-medical-school-a-multi-institutional-alliance-in-the-u-s-southwest
#4
Marlene P Ballejos, Polly Olsen, Tanisha Price-Johnson, Cindy Garcia, Tassy Parker, Robert E Sapién, Valerie Romero-Leggott
PROBLEM: Despite national efforts to diversify the physician workforce, American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) individuals have the least representation of all major racial and ethnic groups. Limited resources at state medical schools present institution-level recruitment challenges. Unified efforts to engage AI/AN students in premedical education activities are needed. APPROACH: The medical schools at the Universities of Arizona (Phoenix and Tucson), Colorado, New Mexico, and Utah identified a collective need to increase student diversity, particularly with regard to AI/AN students...
October 17, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040920/ancestry-prediction-in-singapore-population-samples-using-the-illumina-forenseq-kit
#5
Anantharaman Ramani, Yongxun Wong, Si Zhen Tan, Bing Hong Shue, Christopher Syn
The ability to predict bio-geographic ancestry can be valuable to generate investigative leads towards solving crimes. Ancestry informative marker (AIM) sets include large numbers of SNPs to predict an ancestral population. Massively parallel sequencing has enabled forensic laboratories to genotype a large number of such markers in a single assay. Illumina's ForenSeq DNA Signature Kit includes the ancestry informative SNPs reported by Kidd et al. In this study, the ancestry prediction capabilities of the ForenSeq kit through sequencing on the MiSeq FGx were evaluated in 1030 unrelated Singapore population samples of Chinese, Malay and Indian origin...
August 15, 2017: Forensic Science International. Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040824/perceived-harm-as-a-mediator-of-the-relationship-between-social-norms-and-marijuana-use-and-related-consequences-among-american-indian-youth
#6
Mark A Prince, Randall C Swaim, Linda R Stanley, Bradley T Conner
BACKGROUND: American Indian (AI) youth are at increased risk for marijuana use with marijuana use rates on or near reservations 1.6-4.8 times higher compared to non-AI youth in the same regions (Stanley et al., 2014). One outcome of the changing social and legal acceptance of marijuana is a decrease in perceived risk among adolescents. It is unknown whether these changes in perceptions of marijuana-related harm will presage higher rates of use among AI youth. Perceptions of others use (i...
October 12, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033727/ultrasound-assessment-of-cranial-spread-during-caudal-blockade-in-children-effect-of-different-volumes-of-local-anesthetic
#7
Chandni Sinha, Amarjeet Kumar, Shalini Sharma, Akhilesh Kumar Singh, Somak Majumdar, Ajeet Kumar, Nishant Sahay, Bindey Kumar, U K Bhadani
BACKGROUND: Ultrasound-guided caudal block injection is a simple, safe, and effective method of anesthesia/analgesia in pediatric patients. The volume of caudal drug required has always been a matter of debate. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This present prospective, randomized, double-blinded study aimed to measure extent of the cranial spread of caudally administered levobupivacaine in Indian children by means of real-time ultrasonography. Ninety American Society of Anesthesiologists I/II children scheduled for urogenital surgeries were enrolled in this trial...
October 2017: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031637/molecular-epidemiology-of-multi-and-extensively-drug-resistant-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-in-ireland-2001-2014
#8
E Roycroft, R F O'Toole, M M Fitzgibbon, L Montgomery, M O'Meara, P Downes, S Jackson, J O'Donnell, I F Laurenson, A M McLaughlin, J Keane, T R Rogers
OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of this work was to examine the acquisition and spread of multi-drug resistant (MDR) tuberculosis (TB) in Ireland. METHODS: All available Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTBC) isolates (n = 42), from MDR-TB cases diagnosed in Ireland between 2001 and 2014, were analysed using phenotypic drug-susceptibility testing, Mycobacterial-Interspersed-Repetitive-Units Variable-Number Tandem-Repeat (MIRU-VNTR) genotyping, and whole-genome sequencing (WGS)...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023818/commentary-on-montag-et%C3%A2-al-2017-the-importance-of-cbpr-in-fasd-prevention-with-american-indian-communities
#9
Jessica D Hanson, Tess L Weber
Prenatal alcohol consumption is a public health concern due to potential lifelong physical and cognitive effects in offspring, often presenting in the form of fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) or other fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD). FASD is the continuum of lifelong outcomes in those born prenatally exposed to alcohol and includes a diagnosis of fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS), which is diagnosed through facial abnormalities, growth retardation, and delayed brain growth (Hoyme et al., 2016), as well as secondary disabilities such as conduct disorders, mental illness, and psychosocial functioning...
October 10, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021119/a-pilot-randomized-trial-of-motivational-interviewing-compared-to-psycho-education-for-reducing-and-preventing-underage-drinking-in-american-indian-adolescents
#10
David A Gilder, Jennifer R Geisler, Juan A Luna, Daniel Calac, Peter M Monti, Nichea S Spillane, Juliet P Lee, Roland S Moore, Cindy L Ehlers
Underage drinking is an important public health issue for American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) adolescents, as it is for U. S. teens of all ethnicities. One of the demonstrated risk factors for the development of alcohol use disorders in AI/AN is early age of initiation of drinking. To address this issue a randomized trial to assess the efficacy of Motivational Interviewing (MI) compared to Psycho-Education (PE) to reduce and prevent underage drinking in AI/AN youth was developed and implemented. Sixty-nine youth received MI or PE and 87% were assessed at follow-up...
November 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017956/burden-of-pneumonia-associated-hospitalizations-united-states-2001-2014
#11
Brandon H Hayes, Dana L Haberling, Jordan Kennedy, Jay K Varma, Alicia M Fry, Neil M Vora
BACKGROUND: The epidemiology of pneumonia has likely evolved in recent years, reflecting an aging population, changes in population immunity, and socioeconomic disparities. METHODS: Using the National (Nationwide) Inpatient Sample (NIS), estimated numbers and rates of pneumonia-associated hospitalizations for 2001-2014 were calculated. A pneumonia-associated hospitalization was defined as one in which the discharge record listed a principal diagnosis of pneumonia or a secondary diagnosis of pneumonia if the principal diagnosis was respiratory failure or sepsis...
October 7, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983479/cross-jurisdictional-sharing-for-emergency-management-related-public-health-exploring-the-experiences-of-tribes-and-counties-in-california
#12
Maureen A Wimsatt
Each American Indian tribe is unique in several ways, including in its relationships with local governments and risk for emergencies. Cross-jurisdictional sharing (CJS) arrangements are encouraged between tribes and counties for emergency management-related population health, but researchers have not yet explored CJS experiences of tribes and counties for emergency management. This investigation used collaboration theory and a CJS spectrum framework to assess the scope and prevalence of tribe-county CJS arrangements for emergency management in California as well as preconditions to CJS...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981481/suicide-trends-among-and-within-urbanization-levels-by-sex-race-ethnicity-age-group-and-mechanism-of-death-united-states-2001-2015
#13
Asha Z Ivey-Stephenson, Alex E Crosby, Shane P D Jack, Tadesse Haileyesus, Marcie-Jo Kresnow-Sedacca
PROBLEM/CONDITION: Suicide is a public health problem and one of the top 10 leading causes of death in the United States. Substantial geographic variations in suicide rates exist, with suicides in rural areas occurring at much higher rates than those occurring in more urban areas. Understanding demographic trends and mechanisms of death among and within urbanization levels is important to developing and targeting future prevention efforts. REPORTING PERIOD: 2001-2015...
October 6, 2017: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978325/how-participants-report-their-health-status-cognitive-interviews-of-self-rated-health-across-race-ethnicity-gender-age-and-educational-attainment
#14
Dana Garbarski, Jennifer Dykema, Kenneth D Croes, Dorothy F Edwards
BACKGROUND: Self-rated health (SRH) is widely used to measure subjective health. Yet it is unclear what underlies health ratings, with implications for understanding the validity of SRH overall and across sociodemographic characteristics. We analyze participants' explanations of how they formulated their SRH answer in addition to which health factors they considered and examine group differences in these processes. METHODS: Cognitive interviews were conducted with 64 participants in a convenience quota sample crossing dimensions of race/ethnicity (white, Latino, black, American Indian), gender, age, and education...
October 4, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972843/a-cultural-psychology-of-agency-morality-motivation-and-reciprocity
#15
Joan G Miller, Namrata Goyal, Matthew Wice
We highlight the need to culturally broaden psychological theories of social development in providing an overview of our programs of cross-cultural research on interpersonal morality, motivation, and reciprocity. Our research demonstrates that whereas Americans tend to treat interpersonal morality as a matter of personal choice, Indians tend to treat it as a role-related duty. Furthermore, Americans associate greater satisfaction with acting autonomously than with acting to fulfill social expectations, whereas Indians associate high levels of satisfaction with both types of cases...
September 2017: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972651/breast-cancer-statistics-2017-racial-disparity-in-mortality-by-state
#16
Carol E DeSantis, Jiemin Ma, Ann Goding Sauer, Lisa A Newman, Ahmedin Jemal
In this article, the American Cancer Society provides an overview of female breast cancer statistics in the United States, including data on incidence, mortality, survival, and screening. Approximately 252,710 new cases of invasive breast cancer and 40,610 breast cancer deaths are expected to occur among US women in 2017. From 2005 to 2014, overall breast cancer incidence rates increased among Asian/Pacific Islander (1.7% per year), non-Hispanic black (NHB) (0.4% per year), and Hispanic (0.3% per year) women but were stable in non-Hispanic white (NHW) and American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) women...
October 3, 2017: CA: a Cancer Journal for Clinicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969613/diabetes-prevention-among-american-indians-the-role-of-self-efficacy-risk-perception-numeracy-and-cultural-identity
#17
Vanessa W Simonds, Adam Omidpanah, Dedra Buchwald
BACKGROUND: According to the Risk Perception Attitude (RPA) framework, classifying people according to their perceptions of disease risk and their self-efficacy beliefs allows us to predict their likelihood for engaging in preventive behaviors. Health interventions can then be targeted according to RPA group. We applied the framework to type 2 diabetes prevention behaviors among American Indians and expanded it to include culture and numeracy. METHODS: Using a cross-sectional study design, we surveyed a sample of Northern Plains American Indians in a reservation community setting on self-reported perceptions of diabetes risk, objective diabetes risk, self-efficacy, engagement in healthy behaviors, knowledge of diabetes risk factors, and covariates including demographics, numeracy, and cultural identity...
October 2, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969241/screening-mammography-a-pilot-study-on-its-pertinence-in-indian-population-by-means-of-a-camp
#18
Joish Upendra Kumar, Vivek Sreekanth, Harikiran R Reddy, Aishwarya B Sridhar, Niveditha Kodali, Anitha S Prabhu
INTRODUCTION: Breast cancer incidence and related mortality is increasing in Indian women. Indian ladies hesitate to seek medical care for breast related issues. Screening mammography, proved to effectively reduce mortality, has been deemed not feasible in Indian context due to cost considerations. The suggested alternatives have not been proven to improve mortality rates. AIM: To find the relevance of screening mammography camp among Indian women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A week long screening mammography camp was organized in a tertiary care hospital...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968886/global-ethnic-and-geographic-differences-in-the-clinical-presentations-of-anti-neutrophil-cytoplasm-antibody-associated-vasculitis
#19
Fiona A Pearce, Anthea Craven, Peter A Merkel, Raashid A Luqmani, Richard A Watts
Objectives: There are few data on clinical profiles of ANCA-associated vasculitis (AAV) in different ethnic populations. The aim of this study was to examine the differences in the ANCA type and clinical features of AAV between populations using the Diagnostic and Classification Criteria in Vasculitis Study (DCVAS) dataset. Methods: The DCVAS is an international, multicentre, observational study recruiting in 133 sites. Eight ethnic categories were analysed: Northern European, Caucasian American, Southern European, Middle Eastern/Turkish, Chinese, Japanese, Indian subcontinent and other...
August 10, 2017: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963803/resting-metabolic-rate-of-indian-junior-soccer-players-testing-agreement-between-measured-versus-selected-predictive-equations
#20
Keren Susan Cherian, Faaiza Shahkar, Ashok Sainoji, Nagalla Balakrishna, Venkata Ramana Yagnambhatt
OBJECTIVES: Owing to a dearth of research related to Resting Metabolic Rate (RMR) among adolescent athletes in India, our study aimed to document RMR among junior soccer players (JSP) and to identify suitable RMR predictive models for JSP from nine existing equations. METHODS: Forty Indian JSP (Boys = 21, Girls = 19) representing the under-12 and under-16 age categories were assessed for body composition (skinfold technique) and RMR (oxycon mobile). Two-way ANOVA and ANCOVA were used to examine the differences across age and sex...
September 30, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
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