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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914688/systematic-review-of-rheumatic-disease-epidemiology-in-the-indigenous-populations-of-canada-the-united-states-australia-and-new-zealand
#1
REVIEW
Cairistin McDougall, Kelle Hurd, Cheryl Barnabe
OBJECTIVE: Past publications have highlighted an excess rheumatic disease incidence and prevalence in indigenous populations of Canada (First Nations, Inuit, and Métis), and the United States of America (Alaska Native and American Indian). We have updated these reviews and expanded the scope to include New Zealand (Maori) and Australia (Aborigine) indigenous populations. METHODS: We performed a broad search using medical literature databases, indigenous specific online indexes, and government websites to identify publications reporting the incidence and/or prevalence of arthritis conditions (rheumatoid arthritis, spondyloarthropathies, gout, osteoarthritis, systemic autoimmune rheumatic diseases, and juvenile idiopathic arthritis) in the indigenous populations of Canada, America, New Zealand, and Australia...
November 1, 2016: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913907/development-of-a-culturally-informed-child-safety-curriculum-for-american-indian-families
#2
Ryan M Berns, Emily J Tomayko, Kate A Cronin, Ronald J Prince, Tassy Parker, Alexandra K Adams
American Indian (AI) children are disproportionately affected by unintentional injuries, with injury mortality rates approximately 2.3 times higher than the combined rates for all children in the United States. Although multiple risk factors are known to contribute to these increased rates, a comprehensive, culturally informed curriculum that emphasizes child safety is lacking for this population. In response to this need, academic and tribal researchers, tribal community members, tribal wellness staff, and national child safety experts collaborated to develop a novel child safety curriculum...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909347/cancer-among-american-indians-identifying-priority-areas-in-oklahoma
#3
Sydney A Martinez, Amanda E Janitz, Julie Erb-Alvarez, Dana S Mowls, Janis E Campbell, Tom Anderson
BACKGROUND: We describe and compare cancer incidence and mortality among American Indians (AI/ANs) and whites in nine Indian Health Service (IHS) Service Units in Oklahoma. METHODS: Using data from the Oklahoma Central Cancer Registry and the web-based OK2SHARE database, we obtained age-adjusted cancer incidence rates from 1997 to 2012 and cancer mortality rates from 1999 to 2009 for AI/ANs and whites in Oklahoma. We examined differences in primary site, percentage of late stage diagnoses, and trends over time...
July 2016: Journal of the Oklahoma State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906646/a-physical-activity-intervention-and-changes-in-body-mass-index-at-a-middle-school-with-a-large-american-indian-population-oklahoma-2004-2009
#4
June E Eichner, Olakunle A Folorunso, William E Moore
School-based interventions can reach children and adolescents and aid in reducing the prevalence of childhood obesity. A physical education class that engaged middle school students in a daily 1-mile walk or run and other team sports was developed in a rural school in southwestern Oklahoma with a large American Indian population. Body mass index z scores decreased among boys and were stable among girls in the intervention group compared with students who did not participate in the intervention. A daily required walk or run may help to establish a physical activity habit with all of its associated benefits...
December 1, 2016: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905329/recombinant-interferon-alpha-2b-for-ocular-surface-squamous-neoplasia-an-efficient-and-cost-effective-treatment-modality-in-asian-indian-patients
#5
Swathi Kaliki, Swati Singh, Sadiya Iram, Dharani Tripuraneni
PURPOSE: The purpose was to study the efficacy of interferon alpha 2b (INF α2b) in the treatment of ocular surface squamous neoplasia (OSSN) and analyze its cost-effectiveness in India. STUDY DESIGN: This was a retrospective study of thirty patients with OSSN treated with topical INF α2b (1 MIU/cc) ± perilesional INF α2b (5 MIU/cc). RESULTS: The tumor involved cornea (n = 9, 30%), conjunctivo-limbal-corneal surface (n = 19, 63%), or bulbar conjunctiva (n = 2, 7%)...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901290/early-life-trauma-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-allostatic-load-in-a-sample-of-american-indian-adults
#6
Zaneta Thayer, Celestina Barbosa-Leiker, Michael McDonell, Lonnie Nelson, Dedra Buchwald, Spero Manson
OBJECTIVES: Among American Indians, prior research has found associations between early life trauma and the development of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in adulthood. Given the physiological changes associated with PTSD, early life trauma could indirectly contribute to chronic disease risk. However, the impact of early life trauma on adult physical health in this population has not been previously investigated. METHODS: We evaluated associations among early life trauma, PTSD, and 13 physiological biomarkers that index cardiovascular, metabolic, neuroendocrine, anthropometric, and immune function in adulthood by conducting correlation and structural equation modeling path analyses (N = 197)...
November 30, 2016: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893593/trends-in-selected-measures-of-racial-and-ethnic-disparities-in-gonorrhea-and-syphilis-in-the-united-states-1981-2013
#7
Harrell W Chesson, Chirag G Patel, Thomas L Gift, Sevgi O Aral
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to examine selected measures of racial and ethnic disparities in the reported incidence of syphilis and gonorrhea from 1981 to 2013 in the United States. METHODS: For each year, from 1981 to 2013, we calculated values for 5 disparity measures (Gini coefficient, 2 versions of the index of disparity, population attributable proportion, and the black-to-white rate ratio) for 5 racial/ethnic categories (non-Hispanic white, non-Hispanic black, Hispanic, American Indian/Alaska Native, and Asian/Pacific Islander)...
November 2016: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891425/estimation-of-skin-to-subarachnoid-space-depth-an-observational-study
#8
Rajib Hazarika, Dipika Choudhury, Sangeeta Nath, Samit Parua
INTRODUCTION: In a patient, the skin to Subarachnoid Space Depth (SSD) varies considerably at different levels of the spinal cord. It also varies from patient to patient at the same vertebral level as per age, sex and Body Mass Index (BMI). Estimation of the skin to SSD reduces complications related to spinal anaesthesia. AIM: To measure the skin to SSD in the Indian population and to find a formula for predicting this depth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three hundred adult patients belonging to American Society of Anaesthesiologist class I and II, undergoing surgery using spinal anaesthesia in various surgical specialities of Gauhati Medical College were selected by systemic sampling for this prospective, observational study...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890941/five-year-cancer-survival-rates-in-oklahoma-from-1997-to-2008
#9
Janis Campbell, Krupa Gandhi, Anne Pate, Amanda Janitz, Amber Anderson, Robin Kinnard, Kai Ding
INTRODUCTION: This study evaluated the five-year observed survival rates of American Indians/Alaskan Native, African American, and white cancer patients among various demographic characteristics in Oklahoma focusing on lung and bronchus, colon and rectum, female breast, and prostate for the cancer patients diagnosed between 1997 and 2008. METHODS: The five-year observed survival rates were calculated for overall cancer and specific cancer sites, using Kaplan-Meier method with data from the Oklahoma Central Cancer Registry...
July 2016: Journal of the Oklahoma State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888263/a-cbpr-approach-to-finding-community-strengths-and-challenges-to-prevent-youth-suicide-and-substance-abuse
#10
Carrie E Holliday, Melodi Wynne, Janet Katz, Chanel Ford, Celestina Barbosa-Leiker
PURPOSE: To improve health and reduce health disparities, research partnerships with American Indian and Alaska Native communities should build on existing traditions and strengths. The overall goal of this pilot project was to clarify the needs of tribal community members and determine strengths and resources available to the community. DESIGN: Community-based participatory research was the approach used to obtain community input. Data collection methods included, Photovoice (n = 16), digital storytelling (n = 4), and community capacity surveys (n = 128)...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Transcultural Nursing: Official Journal of the Transcultural Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885301/prevalence-and-mortality-of-melanoma-in-oklahoma-among-racial-groups-2000-2008
#11
Jonathan Baldwin, Amanda E Janitz, Julie Erb-Alvarez, Cuyler Snider, Janis E Campbell
INTRODUCTION: This study assessed the period prevalence (2000-2008) and mortality rates of melanoma, in Oklahoma, among different racial/ethnic strata. METHODS: We analyzed incident cases of melanoma from 2000-2008 from the Oklahoma Central Cancer Registry and determined disease duration using Kaplan-Meier survival analysis to calculate period prevalence of melanoma in Oklahoma. Using a series of Chi-Square tests, we compared period prevalence and mortality rates among the racial groups and compared mortality between Oklahoma and the US...
July 2016: Journal of the Oklahoma State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880090/the-differential-impact-of-alcohol-and-interpersonal-violence-on-the-severity-of-violent-traumatic-brain-injuries-among-american-indians
#12
Kristen F Linton, Paul B Perrin
Research shows connections between substance use and traumatic brain injury (TBI), high rates of substance use and interpersonal violence (IPV) in American Indians with TBI, and connections between IPV and TBI. This study assessed the effects of substance use at the time of a violent TBI and possible mediators such as American Indian race on injury severity (injury severity score [ISS]). A secondary data analysis of 3,351 individuals who experienced a TBI due to violence was conducted. American Indians with TBI were more likely to experience IPV (χ(2) = 4...
November 23, 2016: Social Work in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872322/hiv-care-and-treatment-of-american-indians-alaska-natives-with-diagnosed-hiv-infection-27-states-and-the-district-of-columbia-2012
#13
Andrew Mitsch, Aruna Surendera Babu, Dean Seneca, Y Omar Whiteside, Donald Warne
The objective of this study was to measure linkage to care, retention in care, and suppressed viral load (VL) among American Indians/Alaska Natives (AIs/ANs) aged ≥13 years with diagnosed HIV infection. We used national HIV case surveillance data to measure linkage to care, defined as ≥1 CD4 or VL test ≤1 month after HIV diagnosis during 2013; retention in care, defined as ≥2 CD4 or VL tests ≥3 months apart during 2012; and suppressed VL, defined as <200 copies/mL at the most recent VL test during 2012...
November 21, 2016: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872037/internet-based-delivery-of-evidence-based-health-promotion-programs-among-american-indian-and-alaska-native-youth-a-case-study
#14
Christine M Markham, Stephanie Craig Rushing, Cornelia Jessen, Gwenda Gorman, Jennifer Torres, William E Lambert, Alexander V Prokhorov, Leslie Miller, Kelly Allums-Featherston, Robert C Addy, Melissa F Peskin, Ross Shegog
BACKGROUND: American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) youth face multiple health challenges compared to other racial/ethnic groups, which could potentially be ameliorated by the dissemination of evidence-based adolescent health promotion programs. Previous studies have indicated that limited trained personnel, cultural barriers, and geographic isolation may hinder the reach and implementation of evidence-based health promotion programs among AI/AN youth. Although Internet access is variable in AI/AN communities across the United States, it is swiftly and steadily improving, and it may provide a viable strategy to disseminate evidence-based health promotion programs to this underserved population...
November 21, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870759/-please-don-t-just-hang-a-feather-on-a-program-or-put-a-medicine-wheel-on-your-logo-and-think-oh-well-this-will-work-theoretical-perspectives-of-american-indian-and-alaska-native-substance-abuse-prevention-programs
#15
Margaret L Walsh-Buhi
Many current theories guiding substance abuse prevention (SAP) programs stem from Western ideologies, leading to a scarcity of research on theories from, and a disconnect with, Indigenous perspectives. This qualitative research study explored perceptions of theory by SAP researchers (N = 22) working with American Indian and Alaska Native communities. In-depth interviews identified components of Indigenous theoretical perspectives, including cultural elements such as balance, social cohesion, and belonging as being particularly significant and currently absent from many SAP programs...
January 2017: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870638/depressive-symptoms-are-associated-with-leukocyte-telomere-length-in-american-indians-findings-from-the-strong-heart-family-study
#16
Qi Zhao, Yun Zhu, Fawn Yeh, Jue Lin, Elisa T Lee, Shelley A Cole, Darren Calhoun, Jinying Zhao
Patients with depression have an increased risk for many aging-related disorders, but the biological mechanisms underlying this link remain to be determined. Here we examined the association between depressive symptoms and leukocyte telomere length (LTL), a marker of biological aging, among 2,175 American Indians participating in the Strong Heart Family Study. Depressive symptoms were assessed by the Center for Epidemiologic Studies of Depression Scale (CES-D), which was categorized into four levels: none (< 10), mild (10-15), moderate (16 -24), and severe (> 24)...
November 18, 2016: Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870523/leadership-lessons-from-communities-of-color-stewardship-and-collective-action
#17
Juana Bordas
This chapter proposes a multicultural leadership model that reflects practices and principles from Black, Latino, and American Indian communities.
December 2016: New Directions for Student Leadership
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866160/utilizing-talking-circles-as-a-means-of-gathering-american-indian-stories-for-developing-a-nutrition-and-physical-activity-curriculum
#18
Shelly J Brandenburger, Karlys Wells, Suzanne Stluka
This qualitative study used a focus group approach (talking circles) to elicit tribal elder insight on important concepts for the purpose of creating a curriculum to teach tribal youth in South Dakota about nutrition and physical activity in culturally appropriate ways. The focus groups were part of a larger project that is exploring mechanisms for creating culturally relevant nutrition and physical activity education for American Indian youth. A series of "Eat Smart, Play Hard" posters, created by South Dakota State University Extension, served as the starting point for talking circle conversations with tribal elders about teaching nutrition and physical activity to children...
November 18, 2016: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862917/assessing-variation-across-eight-established-east-asian-loci-for-type-2-diabetes-in-american-indians-suggestive-evidence-for-new-sex-specific-diabetes-signals-in-glis3-and-zfand3
#19
Yunhua L Muller, Paolo Piaggi, Peng Chen, Gregory Wiessner, Chidinma Okani, Sayuko Kobes, William C Knowler, Clifton Bogardus, Robert L Hanson, Leslie J Baier
BACKGROUND: Eight new loci for type 2 diabetes (T2D) were identified in an East Asian genome-wide association study meta-analysis. We assess tag SNPs across these loci for associations with T2D in American Indians. METHODS: 435 SNPs which tag (r(2)  ≥ 0.85) common variation across the 8 loci were analyzed for association with T2D (n = 7710), early-onset T2D (n = 1060), body mass index (n = 6839), insulin sensitivity (n = 555) and insulin secretion (n = 298)...
November 8, 2016: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862907/motivations-for-entering-the-doula-profession-perspectives-from-women-of-color
#20
Rachel R Hardeman, Katy B Kozhimannil
INTRODUCTION: The imperative to diversify the health care workforce is evident: increased diversity contributes to the overall health of the nation. Given persistent racial and ethnic disparities in birth outcomes, workforce diversity is particularly urgent in the context of clinical and supportive care during pregnancy and childbirth. The goal of this analysis was to characterize the intentions and motivations of racially and ethnically diverse women who chose to become doulas (maternal support professionals) and to describe their early doula careers, including the experiences that sustain their work...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
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