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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822514/anthropometric-indicators-as-predictor-of-pre-diabetes-in-indian-adolescents
#1
Umeshwar Pandey, Tanu Midha, Yashwant Kumar Rao, Pravin Katiyar, Pranay Wal, Samarjeet Kaur, Dinesh Singh Martolia
INTRODUCTION: In India, there are approximately 41 million diabetics to date. Impaired glucose tolerance or pre-diabetes may occur as early as adolescence. OBJECTIVE: To find out the cut-off values of body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference to predict pre-diabetes in adolescents in north India. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 526 students aged 17-19 years, in the Institute of Paramedical Sciences, Chatrapati Shahuji Maharaj University, Kanpur...
July 2017: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822511/comparison-of-different-cardiovascular-risk-score-calculators-for-cardiovascular-risk-prediction-and-guideline-recommended-statin-uses
#2
Naveen Garg, Subrat K Muduli, Aditya Kapoor, Satyendra Tewari, Sudeep Kumar, Roopali Khanna, Pravin Kumar Goel
OBJECTIVE: The accuracy of various 10-year cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk calculators in Indians may not be the same as in other populations. Present study was conducted to compare the various calculators for CVD risk assessment and statin eligibility according to different guidelines. METHODS: Consecutive 1110 patients who presented after their first myocardial infarction were included. Their CVD risk was calculated using Framingham Risk score- Coronary heart disease (FRS-CHD), Framingham Risk Score- Cardiovascular Disease (FRS-CVD), QRISK2, Joint British Society risk calculator 3 (JBS3), American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA), atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) and WHO risk charts, assuming that they had presented one day before cardiac event for risk assessment...
July 2017: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820789/suicide-resilience-and-connectedness-across-the-lifespan-lessons-from-american-indian-and-alaska-native-elders
#3
Satya Rao, Dylan Pell, Elizabeth S England-Kennedy
Rates of suicide and associated costs are high and increasing in the United States. From 1999 through 2014, the age-adjusted suicide rate increased 24%, with the pace of increase being greater since 2006. American Indian and Alaska Native persons have significantly lower rates of suicides than other ethnic groups as elders despite experiencing some of the highest rates during adolescence. This article examines literature pertaining to suicide rates in American Indian and Alaska Native communities and proposes a framework for understanding their lower rates of suicide as elders...
October 2017: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819897/teachers-and-parents-perspectives-on-a-curricular-subject-of-religion-and-spirituality-for-indian-schools-a-pilot-study-toward-school-mental-health-program
#4
Parameshwaran Ramakrishnan, Andrew Baccari, Uma Ramachandran, Syed Faiz Ahmed, Harold G Koenig
Religious-spiritual (R/S) education helps medical students cope with caregiving stress and gain skills in interpersonal empathy needed for clinical care. Such R/S education has been introduced into K-12 and college curricula in some developed nations and has been found to positively impact student's mental health. Such a move has not yet been seen in the Indian education system. This paper aimed to examine perspectives of teachers and parents in India on appropriateness, benefits, and challenges of including R/S education into the school curriculum and also to gather their impressions on how a R/S curriculum might promote students' health...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817863/prevention-detection-and-management-of-diabetes-in-south-dakota
#5
Amy L Hogue, Mark K Huntington
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is increasing in prevalence nationwide and in South Dakota, with an especially high prevalence in its American Indian population. Screening is not recommended for type 1 DM, but is for type 2 DM and pre-diabetes in certain populations. Fasting glucose, two-hour glucose tolerance test, or hemoglobin A1c are appropriate screening options. Treatment can include diabetic self-management education programs and medications. In addition to glycemic control, other cardiovascular risk factors must be reduced in these patients and specific testing and consultations should be performed to detect complications such as nephropathy or retinopathy...
2017: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816487/associations-between-bullying-involvement-protective-factors-and-mental-health-among-american-indian-youth
#6
Kari Gloppen, Barbara McMorris, Amy Gower, Marla Eisenberg
Bullying involvement as a victim or perpetrator is associated with depression and suicidality, and American Indian (AI) youth experience a disproportionately high rate of these mental health issues. This study assessed whether AI young people involved in bullying were more likely to experience negative mental health problems than AI youth who were not involved in bullying, and identified protective factors that might support this particularly vulnerable population. Data come from 1,409 8th, 9th, and 11th Grade AI students who completed the 2013 Minnesota Student Survey...
August 17, 2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815635/associations-between-genomic-variants-in-alcohol-dehydrogenase-adh-genes-and-alcohol-symptomatology-in-american-indians-and-european-americans-distinctions-and-convergence
#7
Q Peng, Ian R Gizer, K C Wilhelmsen, C L Ehlers
BACKGROUND: Higher rates of alcohol use disorders (AUD) have been observed in some Native American (NA) populations than other ethnic groups such as Euro-Americans (EA) in the U.S. Previous studies have shown that variation in the alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) genes may affect the risk for development of AUD, and that the prevalence of these variants differs depending on the ancestral origins of a population. METHODS: In the present study, we assessed sequencing variants in the ADH genomic region (ADH1-7) and tested for their associations with AUD phenotypes in two independent populations: an American Indian (AI) community sample and an EA cohort from the San Francisco Family Alcohol Study...
August 16, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814958/does-survival-vary-for-breast-cancer-patients-in-the-united-states-a-study-from-six-randomly-selected-states
#8
Hafiz M R Khan, Lisaann S Gittner, Abhilash Perisetti, Anshul Saxena, Aamrin Rafiq, Kemesha Gabbidon, Sarah Mende, Maria Lyuksyutova
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women. Disparities in some characteristics of breast cancer patients and their survival data for six randomly selected states in the US were examined. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A probability random sampling method was used to select the records of 2,000 patients from each of six randomly selected states. Demographic and disease characteristics were extracted from the Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) database...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812287/racial-discrimination-and-mental-health-in-the-usa-testing-the-reverse-racism-hypothesis
#9
Bongki Woo
OBJECTIVE: The present study examined whether the health disadvantages consequent of racial discrimination experienced by four racial/ethnic minority groups are equivalent with that of the dominant racial group. METHOD: Data was derived from the 2013 National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions. Logistic regression and heterogeneous choice models were used to test the moderating role of race/ethnicity in regards to the associations between racial discrimination and ten DSM-V diagnoses...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811091/pregravid-hypertension-may-have-different-secondary-sex-ratio-effects-in-different-races-in-the-united-states
#10
Victor Grech
BACKGROUND: Males are born in excess of females and the ratio is expressed as M/F (male/female births=secondary sex ratio, also known as secondary sex ratio). This is expected to approximate 1.048. Racial M/F disparities are known. A recent study in China showed that pregravid systolic hypertension is higher in women who delivered a boy than in those who had a girl. This study was carried out in order to identify the effect of pregravid hypertension in the United States on M/F by race...
August 9, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805413/suicide-among-american-indian-alaska-native-military-service-members-and-veterans
#11
Victoria M O'Keefe, Greg M Reger
Many American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) communities experience high suicide rates. However, there is little discussion in epidemiological and empirical literature about suicide-related outcomes among AI/AN military service members or veterans. This article briefly reviews the literature on AI/AN suicide and discusses what is known about Native military service member and veteran suicide mortality and self-directed violence. Recent studies suggest high suicide death rates among AI/AN military service members and veterans...
August 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805411/rural-american-indian-and-alaska-native-veterans-telemental-health-a-model-of-culturally-centered-care
#12
Cynthia W Goss, W J Buck Richardson, Nancy Dailey, Byron Bair, Herbert Nagamoto, Spero M Manson, Jay H Shore
American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) veterans living in rural areas have unique health care needs and face numerous barriers to accessing health care services. Among these needs is a disproportionate prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder and other mental illnesses. Since 2001, 14 rural communities have partnered with the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs and the Centers for American Indian and Alaska Native Health at the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus to extend telemental health clinics to American Indian veterans...
August 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805410/american-akicita-indigenous-american-warriors-and-military-service
#13
J Douglas McDonald
Indigenous Americans (i.e., Native/American Indians, AK natives, Pacific Islanders) have consistently volunteered for military service at greater rates than any other ethnic group, including the majority culture, since the early days of the country. This article is an introduction to the special section which includes a number of outstanding papers that provide an innovative and compelling effort to overcome the challenges of casualties from war and render effective and culturally informed care. These manuscripts describe culturally appropriate considerations of suicide (O'Keefe), family involvement and access to care (Whealin), and telehealth for treatment of rural Native veterans (Goss)...
August 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800894/examining-unanswered-questions-about-the-home-environment-and-childhood-obesity-disparities-using-an-incremental-mixed-methods-longitudinal-study-design-the-family-matters-study
#14
Jerica M Berge, Amanda Trofholz, Allan Tate, Maureen Beebe, Angela Fertig, Michael Miner, Scott Crow, Kathleen A Culhane-Pera, Shannon Pergament, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer
There are disparities in the prevalence of childhood obesity for children from low-income and minority households. Mixed-methods studies that examine home environments in an in-depth manner are needed to identify potential mechanisms driving childhood obesity disparities that have not been examined in prior research. The Family Matters study aims to identify risk and protective factors for childhood obesity in low-income and minority households through a two-phased incremental, mixed-methods, and longitudinal approach...
August 8, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800188/care-in-the-context-of-a-chronic-epidemic-caring-for-diabetes-in-chicago-s-native-community
#15
Margaret Pollak
American Indians have some of the highest rates of diabetes worldwide, and they are disproportionately affected by the secondary complications of the disease. While most research on Native populations focuses on reservations, this study investigates diabetes care in Chicago's Native community. People living with diabetes manage blood sugar levels to prevent the development of secondary complications. As with many diabetics, the majority of their health care work is completed outside of the biomedical setting...
August 11, 2017: Medical Anthropology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776843/self-efficacy-about-sexual-risk-protective-behaviors-intervention-impact-trajectories-among-american-indian-youth
#16
Christina M Mitchell, Carol E Kaufman, Nancy Rumbaugh Whitesell, Janette Beals, Ellen M Keane
For adolescents, normative development encompasses learning to negotiate challenges of sexual situations; of special importance are skills to prevent early pregnancy, HIV, and other sexually transmitted diseases. Disparities in sexual risk among American Indian youth point to the importance of intervening to attenuate this risk. This study explored the impact of Circle of Life (COL), an HIV prevention intervention based on social cognitive theory, on trajectories of self-efficacy (refusing sex, avoiding sexual situations) among 635 students from 13 middle schools on one American Indian reservation...
September 2017: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771557/low-moderate-urine-arsenic-and-biomarkers-of-thrombosis-and-inflammation-in-the-strong-heart-study
#17
Katherine A Moon, Ana Navas-Acien, Maria Grau-Pérez, Kevin A Francesconi, Walter Goessler, Eliseo Guallar, Jason G Umans, Lyle G Best, Jonathan D Newman
The underlying pathology of arsenic-related cardiovascular disease (CVD) is unknown. Few studies have evaluated pathways through thrombosis and inflammation for arsenic-related CVD, especially at low-moderate arsenic exposure levels (<100 μg/L in drinking water). We evaluated the association of chronic low-moderate arsenic exposure, measured as the sum of inorganic and methylated arsenic species in urine (ΣAs), with plasma biomarkers of thrombosis and inflammation in American Indian adults (45-74 years) in the Strong Heart Study...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767397/clinicopathological-characteristics-and-survival-outcomes-of-invasive-lobular-carcinoma-in-different-races
#18
Li-Yuan Yang, Li-Peng Yang, Biao Zhu
To investigate the clinicopathological characteristics and to determine whether there is a differential effect of race and examine survival outcomes according to race, 18,295 breast invasive lobular carcinoma (ILC) patients were identified in the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Result (SEER) database, which includes White patients (n=15,936), Black patients (n=1,451) and patients of other races (including American Indians/Alaskan Natives and Asian/Pacific Islanders) (n=908). The Black ILC patients presented a higher rate of advanced histological grades and American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) stages, a higher rate of lymph node (LN) involvement and a lower rate of progesterone receptors (PR)-positivity than the White patients and other races...
July 19, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764202/antimicrobial-effect-of-leaves-of-phyllanthus-niruri-and-solanum-nigrum-on-caries-causing-bacteria-an-in-vitro-study
#19
J Sunitha, Swathy Krishna, R Ananthalakshmi, J Sathiya Jeeva, As Smiline Girija, Nadeem Jeddy
INTRODUCTION: Solanum nigrum and Phyllanthus niruri are common herbs which are indigeneous to India. Solanum nigrum commonly called 'manathakkali Keerai' in Tamil, forms an indispensable part of South Indian diet. Phyllanthus niruri (keezhanelli in Tamil) is a widely used medicinal plant, the leaves of which have been used extensively in Ayurveda and native medicine to cure various liver ailments. The herbs Solanumnigrum and Phyllanthus niruri have been found to be effective against numerous enteropathogens in various in vitro studies...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763383/addressing-data-inequities-in-american-indian-communities-through-an-environmental-public-health-tracking-pilot-project
#20
Samantha Lucas-Pipkorn, Ashley Tuomi
National and state surveillance systems identify American Indians/Alaska Natives inconsistently and often inaccurately within their data sets. Consequently, communities may not be represented with data at the level of geography needed. Collecting and presenting environmental and health-related data to the public are done by state Tracking Networks. Great Lakes Inter-Tribal Epidemiology Center (GLITEC) conducted a groundbreaking 2014 Tribal Environmental Health Tracking pilot project that engaged tribes, an urban Indian community, 3 state health departments, a Tribal Epidemiology Center (TEC), and a federal agency...
September 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
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