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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105578/america-s-churning-races-race-and-ethnicity-response-changes-between-census-2000-and-the-2010-census
#1
Carolyn A Liebler, Sonya R Porter, Leticia E Fernandez, James M Noon, Sharon R Ennis
A person's racial or ethnic self-identification can change over time and across contexts, which is a component of population change not usually considered in studies that use race and ethnicity as variables. To facilitate incorporation of this aspect of population change, we show patterns and directions of individual-level race and Hispanic response change throughout the United States and among all federally recognized race/ethnic groups. We use internal U.S. Census Bureau data from the 2000 and 2010 censuses in which responses have been linked at the individual level (N = 162 million)...
January 19, 2017: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103184/using-the-centers-for-disease-control-and-prevention-s-stay-independent-checklist-to-engage-a-community-of-american-indians-and-raise-awareness-about-risk-of-falls-2016
#2
Janet Popp, Debra L Waters, Karen Leekity, Donica Ghahate, Jeanette Bobelu, Ross Tsikewa, Carla J Herman, Vallabh Shah
BACKGROUND: The unintentional death rate from falls is higher among American Indians from the US Southwest than from other regions in the country. The Zuni Pueblo is a geographically isolated, rural American Indian community located in western New Mexico. Education and screening for falls risk is lacking in this community and may be needed to reduce falls and falls-related illness and death. COMMUNITY CONTEXT: Building on a 17-year relationship with the Zuni Health Initiative, meetings were held with Zuni tribal leadership, staff from the Zuni Senior Center and Zuni Home Health Services, members of the Zuni Comprehensive Community Health Center, Indian Health Service, and Zuni community health representatives (CHRs) to discuss elder falls in the community...
January 19, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103073/multilevel-prevention-trial-of-alcohol-use-among-american-indian-and-white-high-school-students-in-the-cherokee-nation
#3
Kelli A Komro, Melvin D Livingston, Alexander C Wagenaar, Terrence K Kominsky, Dallas W Pettigrew, Brady A Garrett
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of a multilevel intervention designed to prevent underage alcohol use among youths living in the Cherokee Nation. METHODS: We randomly assigned 6 communities to a control, Communities Mobilizing for Change on Alcohol (CMCA; a community-organizing intervention targeting alcohol access) only, CONNECT (a school-based universal screening and brief intervention) only, or a combined condition. We collected quarterly surveys 2012-2015 from students starting in 9th and 10th grades and ending in 11th and 12th grades...
January 19, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103070/food-insecurity-and-chronic-diseases-among-american-indians-in-rural-oklahoma-the-thrive-study
#4
Valarie Blue Bird Jernigan, Marianna S Wetherill, Jordan Hearod, Tvli Jacob, Alica L Salvatore, Tamela Cannady, Mandy Grammar, Joy Standridge, Jill Fox, Jennifer Spiegel, AnDina Wiley, Carolyn Noonan, Dedra Buchwald
OBJECTIVES: To examine food insecurity and cardiovascular disease-related health outcomes among American Indians (AIs) in rural Oklahoma. METHODS: We surveyed a cross-sectional sample of 513 AI adults to assess food insecurity domains (i.e., food quality and quantity) and obesity, diabetes, and hypertension. RESULTS: Among AIs surveyed, 56% reported inadequate food quantity and 62% reported inadequate food quality. The unadjusted prevalence of diabetes (28...
January 19, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096744/measuring-the-health-literacy-of-the-upper-midwest
#5
Caitlin J Bakker, Jonathan B Koffel, Nicole R Theis-Mahon
OBJECTIVES: Health literacy-the ability to obtain, process, and understand basic health information-is a major determinant of an individual's overall health and health care utilization. In this project, the authors examined predictors of health literacy levels, including numeracy and graphic literacy, among an adult population in the Upper Midwest. METHODS: The research was conducted at the Minnesota State Fair. Three previously validated scales were used to assess health literacy: Newest Vital Sign, the General Health Numeracy Test, and questions from Galesic and Garcia-Retamero's Graph Literacy Scale...
January 2017: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095722/racial-and-ethnic-differences-in-the-relationship-between-antenatal-stressful-life-events-and-postpartum-depression-among-women-in-the-united-states-does-provider-communication-on-perinatal-depression-minimize-the-risk
#6
Soumyadeep Mukherjee, Kristopher Fennie, Stefany Coxe, Purnima Madhivanan, Mary Jo Trepka
OBJECTIVE: Multi-state population-based studies exploring the racial/ethnic differences in the prevalence and correlates of postpartum depression (PPD), which affects 10-20% of women in the US, are rare. The aim of this study was to examine the racial/ethnic disparities in the relationship between antenatal stressful life events and PPD among US women and to explore whether antenatal health care provider communication on perinatal depression was associated with a lower risk. METHODS: Data from the 2009-2011 Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS) were used...
January 17, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087302/the-long-term-effect-of-bacille-calmette-gu%C3%A3-rin-vaccination-on-tuberculin-skin-testing-a-55-year-follow-up-study
#7
James D Mancuso, Rupal M Mody, Cara H Olsen, Lee H Harrison, Mathuram Santosham, Naomi E Aronson
BACKGROUND: Bacille Calmette-Guérin vaccination (BCG) is known to cause false positive tuberculin skin test (TST) results from cross-reactions to mycobacterial antigens. However, the duration of BCG influence on the TST is poorly characterized. The objective of the study was to assess the long-term effect of BCG vaccination on TST reactivity. METHODS: Data on TST reactivity were prospectively collected during 1935-47 as part of a clinical trial among American Indians / Alaskan Natives and retrospectively thereafter between 1948 and 1998...
January 10, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081061/vital-signs-decrease-in-incidence-of-diabetes-related-end-stage-renal-disease-among-american-indians-alaska-natives-united-states-1996-2013
#8
Ann Bullock, Nilka Ríos Burrows, Andrew S Narva, Karen Sheff, Israel Hora, Akaki Lekiachvili, Hannah Cain, David Espey
BACKGROUND: American Indians and Alaska Natives (AI/AN) have the highest diabetes prevalence among any racial/ethnic group in the United States. Among AI/AN, diabetes accounts for 69% of new cases of end-stage renal disease (ESRD), defined as kidney failure treated with dialysis or transplantation. During 1982-1996, diabetes-related ESRD (ESRD-D) in AI/AN increased substantially and disproportionately compared with other racial/ethnic groups. METHODS: Data from the U...
January 13, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077742/colonization-factors-in-enterotoxigenic-escherichia-coli-strains-in-travelers-to-mexico-guatemala-and-india-compared-with-children-in-houston-texas
#9
Vineetkumar B Kharat, Makhdum Ahmed, Zhi-Dong Jiang, Mark S Riddle, Herbert L DuPont
Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) can be attributed to around 200 million diarrheal episodes and 380,000 deaths in the developing regions. Travelers' diarrhea occurs in 15-40% of travelers to developing regions with ETEC being the most important etiologic agent. This study aims to describe the distribution of enterotoxins and colonization factor (CF) profiles of ETEC isolates from stool samples of adult travelers acquiring diarrhea in Mexico, Guatemala, and India and a group of children with acute diarrhea in Houston, TX, between 2007 and 2012...
January 11, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077202/long-term-care-and-cultural-competence
#10
Jeannette Y Wick, Myroslava Sharabun
The United States has historically been a melting pot of cultures. Today the population has changed because many immigrants are now older than past immigrants, are frequently retired, and have chronic diseases that need careful management. Health care providers need to be culturally competent to deliver effective health care to these diverse populations. Over the years, health care systems and providers have become much more aware of the needs of minority populations. They accommodate language differences and individuals' ingrained beliefs that may affect health care and learn how to ask the questions that will elicit the information they need to treat patients...
January 1, 2017: Consultant Pharmacist: the Journal of the American Society of Consultant Pharmacists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070826/interaction-of-ethnicity-and-h-pylori-infection-in-the-occurrence-of-microscopic-colitis
#11
Amnon Sonnenberg, Kevin O Turner, Robert M Genta
BACKGROUND: Previous studies found that microscopic colitis is inversely associated with Helicobacter pylori infection and that microscopic colitis is characterized by a marked ethnic variation. AIM: The aim of the present study was to test whether an underlying ethnic variation of H. pylori infection is responsible for the ethnic variation of microscopic colitis. METHODS: The Miraca Life Sciences Database is a large national electronic repository of histopathologic records of patients distributed throughout the entire USA...
January 9, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066841/community-based-participatory-research-studies-on-hiv-aids-prevention-2005-2014
#12
Steven S Coughlin
The recent literature on community-based participatory research (CBPR) approaches to preventing HIV infection in diverse communities was systematically reviewed as part of the planning process for a new study. Published HIV prevention studies that employed CBPR methods were identified for the period January 1, 2005 to April 30, 2014 using PubMed databases and MeSH term and keyword searches. A total of 44 studies on CBPR and HIV or AIDS prevention were identified, of which 3 focused on adolescents, 33 on adults, and 8 on both adolescents and adults...
April 2016: Jacobs Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064525/healthy-children-strong-families-2-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-healthy-lifestyle-intervention-for-american-indian-families-designed-using-community-based-approaches
#13
Emily J Tomayko, Ronald J Prince, Kate A Cronin, Tassy Parker, Kyungmann Kim, Vernon M Grant, Judith N Sheche, Alexandra K Adams
Background/Aims Few obesity prevention trials have focused on young children and their families in the home environment, particularly in underserved communities. Healthy Children, Strong Families 2 is a randomized controlled trial of a healthy lifestyle intervention for American Indian children and their families, a group at very high risk of obesity. The study design resulted from our long-standing engagement with American Indian communities, and few collaborations of this type resulting in the development and implementation of a randomized clinical trial have been described...
January 1, 2017: Clinical Trials: Journal of the Society for Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060784/differences-in-clinical-pain-and-experimental-pain-sensitivity-between-asian-americans-and-whites-with-knee-osteoarthritis
#14
Hyochol Ahn, Michael Weaver, Debra E Lyon, Junglyun Kim, Eunyoung Choi, Roland Staud, Roger B Fillingim
OBJECTIVE: Ethnicity has been associated with clinical and experimental pain responses. Whereas ethnic disparities in pain in other minority groups compared with whites are well described, pain in Asian Americans remains poorly understood. The purpose of this study was to characterize differences in clinical pain intensity and experimental pain sensitivity among older Asian American and non-Hispanic white (NHW) participants with knee osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS: Data were collected from 50 Asian Americans ages 45 to 85 (28 Korean, 9 Chinese, 7 Japanese, 5 Filipino, and 1 Indian) and compared with 50 age-matched and sex-matched NHW individuals with symptomatic knee OA pain...
February 2017: Clinical Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055108/impact-of-ethnicity-on-the-outcome-of-men-with-metastatic-hormone-sensitive-prostate-cancer
#15
Brandon Bernard, Vinayak Muralidhar, Yu-Hui Chen, Srikala S Sridhar, Edith P Mitchell, Curtis A Pettaway, Michael A Carducci, Paul L Nguyen, Christopher J Sweeney
BACKGROUND: Prostate cancer (PCa) outcomes are impacted by socioeconomic and biologic factors. Ethnicity plays a role in the former, but little is known about the responsiveness of metastatic PCa to androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) among races. METHODS: The Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) registry was used to identify men who were diagnosed with distant, de novo, metastatic PCa from 2004 to 2012. Patterns of presentation, overall survival (OS), and PCa-specific mortality (PCSM) were determined for each race...
January 5, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050337/race-ethnicity-and-intention-to-quit-cigarette-smoking
#16
Julia N Soulakova, Jinyu Li, Lisa J Crockett
The study examined racial/ethnic differences in smokers' intentions to quit smoking within the next 6 months. The sample included 20,693 current non-occasional smokers in the U.S. who responded to the 2010-2011 Tobacco Use Supplement to the Current Population Survey. The rates of intention to quit within 1 month were significantly higher for non-Hispanic (NH) Black (21%; OR = 1.44, CI = 1.24-1.67) and Hispanic (21%; OR = 1.42, CI = 1.20-1.68) than for the NH Whites (NHW, 15%). The rates of intention to quit within 6 months were significantly higher for NH Blacks (46%; OR = 1...
March 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046108/norovirus-and-sapovirus-epidemiology-and-strain-characteristics-among-navajo-and-apache-infants
#17
Lindsay R Grant, Katherine L O'Brien, Robert C Weatherholtz, Raymond Reid, Novalene Goklish, Mathuram Santosham, Umesh Parashar, Jan Vinjé
Norovirus and sapovirus are important causes of acute gastroenteritis (AGE) among American Indian infants. We investigated the prevalence and molecular epidemiology of norovirus and sapovirus in American Indian infants who have historically experienced a high burden of AGE compared to other US populations. Stool samples were collected from 241 children with AGE (cases) and from 343 infants without AGE (controls) ≤9 months of age from 2002-2004. Cases experienced forceful vomiting and/or 3 or more watery or looser-than-normal stools in 24 hours...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045199/yoga-for-improving-health-related-quality-of-life-mental-health-and-cancer-related-symptoms-in-women-diagnosed-with-breast-cancer
#18
REVIEW
Holger Cramer, Romy Lauche, Petra Klose, Silke Lange, Jost Langhorst, Gustav J Dobos
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is the cancer most frequently diagnosed in women worldwide. Even though survival rates are continually increasing, breast cancer is often associated with long-term psychological distress, chronic pain, fatigue and impaired quality of life. Yoga comprises advice for an ethical lifestyle, spiritual practice, physical activity, breathing exercises and meditation. It is a complementary therapy that is commonly recommended for breast cancer-related impairments and has been shown to improve physical and mental health in people with different cancer types...
January 3, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038389/adherence-to-antiepileptic-drugs-among-diverse-older-americans-on-part-d-medicare
#19
Kendra Piper, Joshua Richman, Edward Faught, Roy Martin, Ellen Funkhouser, Jerzy P Szaflarski, Chen Dai, Lucia Juarez, Maria Pisu
INTRODUCTION: Older minority groups are more likely to have poor AED adherence. We describe adherence to antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) among older Americans with epilepsy. METHODS: In retrospective analyses of 2008-2010 Medicare claims for a 5% random sample of beneficiaries augmented by minority representation, epilepsy cases in 2009 were those with ≥1 claim with ICD-9345.x or ≥2 with 780.3x, and ≥1 AED. New-onset cases had no such claims or AEDs in the year before the 2009 index event...
December 27, 2016: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034609/the-impact-of-a-sexual-and-reproductive-health-intervention-for-american-indian-adolescents-on-predictors-of-condom-use-intention
#20
Lauren Tingey, Rachel Chambers, Summer Rosenstock, Angelita Lee, Novalene Goklish, Francene Larzelere
PURPOSE: American Indian (AI) adolescents experience inequalities in sexual health, in particular, early sexual initiation. Condom use intention is an established predictor of condom use and is an important construct for evaluating interventions among adolescents who are not yet sexually active. This analysis evaluated the impact of Respecting the Circle of Life (RCL), a sexual and reproductive health intervention for AI adolescents, on predictors of condom use intention. METHODS: We utilized a cluster randomized controlled trial design to evaluate RCL among 267 AIs ages 13-19...
December 26, 2016: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
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