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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232644/past-15-year-trends-in-lifetime-cocaine-use-among-us-high-school-students
#1
Kristin E Schneider, Noa Krawczyk, Ziming Xuan, Renee M Johnson
BACKGROUND: Most recent research on adolescent drug use has focused on alcohol, tobacco, and marijuana. Less is known about the recent epidemiology of adolescent cocaine use, which has serious health consequences. PURPOSE: To describe recent trends in cocaine use by U.S. high school students, and identify differences in lifetime and repeated use across sex and racial/ethnic groups. METHODS: We used data from the national Youth Risk Behavior Surveys (YRBS) from 1999 to 2015...
December 8, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230954/association-between-vitamin-d-receptor-polymorphisms-and-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-in-an-indian-cohort
#2
Harishankar Mahto, Rina Tripathy, Bidyut K Das, Aditya K Panda
AIM: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disorder with various clinical manifestations. Susceptibility to development of SLE has been linked to several factors, such as genetic, environmental and hormonal. Vitamin D appears to have a regulatory role on disease manifestation and activity. Vitamin D exerts its effect through vitamin D receptors (VDR). Several studies have demonstrated an association between VDR polymorphisms and susceptibility to SLE in different populations, although the results are still inconclusive...
December 12, 2017: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229284/primary-care-and-survival-among-american-indian-patients-with-diabetes-in-the-southwest-united-states-evaluation-of-a-cohort-study-at-gallup-indian-medical-center-2009-2016
#3
Caroline King, Sidney Atwood, Chris Brown, Adrianne Katrina Nelson, Mia Lozada, Jennie Wei, Maricruz Merino, Cameron Curley, Olivia Muskett, Samantha Sabo, Vikas Gampa, John Orav, Sonya Shin
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the role of primary care healthcare delivery on survival for American Indian patients with diabetes in the southwest United States. METHODS: Data from patients with diabetes admitted to Gallup Indian Medical Center between 2009 and 2016 were analyzed using a log-rank test and Cox Proportional Hazards analyses. RESULTS: Of the 2661 patients included in analysis, 286 patients died during the study period. Having visited a primary care provider in the year prior to first admission of the study period was protective against all-cause mortality in unadjusted analysis (HR (95% CI)=0...
December 8, 2017: Primary Care Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227238/effects-of-family-conflict-and-anger-on-alcohol-use-among-american-indian-students-mediating-effects-of-outcome-expectancies
#4
Randall C Swaim, Linda R Stanley
OBJECTIVE: Identification of etiologic mechanisms underlying alcohol use among American Indian adolescents is essential because of higher rates of use and earlier initiation. One path links positive outcome expectancies to increased use for reduction of negative affect. This study estimates relationships between two aspects of distress among American Indian high school students-family conflict and anger-and alcohol involvement, and it investigates whether outcome expectancies serve as a mediator between these facets of distress and alcohol use...
January 2018: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226695/racial-disparities-in-health-and-health-behaviors-among-gay-lesbian-bisexual-and-heterosexual-men-and-women-in-the-brfss-sop
#5
Zelma Tuthill, Justin T Denney, Bridget Gorman
OBJECTIVES: Research on sexual minority health lack examinations of how sexual orientation intersects with other identities, including racial/ethnic identity, to shape health outcomes among U.S. adults. This study examines how health status and health behavior varies for gay, lesbian, and bisexual men and women who identify as non-Hispanic white, non-Hispanic black, Latino, Asian/Pacific Islander, and American Indian/Alaskan Native. By examining health and health behaviors within and across sexual minority subgroups, our study reports on race/ethnic, gender, and sexual orientation specific health risks...
December 11, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226016/civic-engagement-and-political-participation-among-american-indians-and-alaska-natives-in-the-us
#6
Kimberly R Huyser, Gabriel R Sanchez, Edward D Vargas
Within the growing literature seeking to understand civic and political engagement among racial and ethnic minorities, our understanding of political behavior among American Indian and Alaska Native's (AI/AN) remains limited. We use the Current Population Survey Civic Engagement and Voting and Registration supplements (2006-2012) to compare AI/AN voter registration, voting, and overall civic engagement to other racial and ethnic groups and to assess whether factors that predict higher levels of civic engagement vary across these populations...
2017: Politics, Groups & Identities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225452/the-effects-of-perceived-racial-ethnic-discrimination-on-substance-use-among-youths-living-in-the-cherokee-nation
#7
Brady A Garrett, Bethany J Livingston, Melvin D Livingston, Kelli A Komro
We examined frequency and intensity of racial/ethnic discrimination and the longitudinal relationship to substance use. The sample included (N = 1,421) American Indian, American Indian and White, and White adolescents. A high frequency of perceived racial discrimination was associated with an increased risk for heavy alcohol use, prescription drug misuse, and other illicit drug use. Experiences of perceived racial discrimination high in intensity were associated with further increased risk of prescription drug misuse and other illicit drug use...
2017: Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225409/school-context-and-american-indian-substance-use
#8
David Eitle, Maggie Thorsen, Tamela McNulty Eitle
The present study extends prior research exploring the role of school contextual factors in predicting individual adolescent substance use by examining how a school's racial composition is associated with American Indian adolescent tobacco and marijuana use. Using a subsample of 523 American Indian students from the restricted use Add Health data, we consider both individual and school contextual factors across 99 schools. Our results suggest that a school's racial composition is associated with individual tobacco and marijuana use among American Indian youth, but in different ways depending upon the substance...
December 2017: Social Science Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225383/assessment-of-risk-and-protection-in-native-american-youth-steps-toward-conducting-culturally-relevant-sustainable-prevention-in-indian-country
#9
Katarina Guttmannova, Melissa J Wheeler, Karl G Hill, Teresa A Evans-Campbell, Lacey A Hartigan, Tiffany M Jones, J David Hawkins, Richard F Catalano
Background: This study constitutes a building block in the cultural adaptation of Communities That Care (CTC), a community-based prevention system that has been found to be effective in reducing youth problem behaviors. Methods: Using the data from the CTC normative survey dataset that consists of more than quarter million youth nationwide, this study examines the reliability and validity of scores derived from the Communities That Care Youth Survey (CTC-YS), one of the primary assessment tools for gathering community data on risk and protective factors related to problem behaviors including substance use...
April 2017: Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221625/population-health-for-ckd-and-diabetes-lessons-from%C3%A2-the-indian-health-service
#10
Andrew Narva
Despite extensive clinical guidelines, innovative efforts to improve care, and well-funded efforts to raise awareness, limited progress has been made in reducing the burden of kidney disease in the United States, and the prevalence continues to increase worldwide. The Indian Health Service and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recently reported a 54% decrease in the incidence of kidney failure among American Indian and Alaska Native people with diabetes. This decrease in end-stage renal disease incidence was associated with a population health approach to diabetes care based in the community and the primary clinical setting...
December 5, 2017: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218919/the-diversity-and-disparity-in-biomedical-informatics-ddbi-workshop
#11
William M Southerland, S Joshua Swamidass, Philip R O Payne, Laura Wiley, ClarLynda Williams-DeVane
The Diversity and Disparity in Biomedical Informatics (DDBI) workshop will be focused on complementary and critical issues concerned with enhancing diversity in the informatics workforce as well as diversity in patient cohorts. According to the National Institute of Minority Health and Health Disparities (NIMHD) at the NIH, diversity refers to the inclusion of the following traditionally underrepresented groups: African Americans/Blacks, Asians (>30 countries), American Indian or Alaska Native, Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, Latino or Hispanic (20 countries)...
2018: Pacific Symposium on Biocomputing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207757/vitamin-d-levels-and-associations-in-indian-patients-with-primary-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome
#12
Pulukool Sandhya, Gowri Mahasampath, Puneet Mashru, Joseph Dian Bondu, Victoria Job, Debashish Danda
Introduction: Vitamin D is a steroid hormone belonging to the class of secosteroids with myriad immune functions and has been implicated in aetiopathogenesis of various autoimmune diseases. Although, there have been various studies showing the association of vitamin D in rheumatoid arthritis and lupus in different populations, there have been limited studies on vitamin D and primary Sjögren's Syndrome (pSS). There are no studies on association of vitamin D and pSS from any tropical country including Indian subcontinent...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205310/stomach-cancer-survival-in-the-united-states-by-race-and-stage-2001-2009-findings-from-the-concord-2-study
#13
Melissa A Jim, Paulo S Pinheiro, Helena Carreira, David K Espey, Charles L Wiggins, Hannah K Weir
BACKGROUND: Stomach cancer was a leading cause of cancer-related deaths early in the 20th century and has steadily declined over the last century in the United States. Although incidence and death rates are now low, stomach cancer remains an important cause of morbidity and mortality in black, Asian and Pacific Islander, and American Indian/Alaska Native populations. METHODS: Data from the CONCORD-2 study were used to analyze stomach cancer survival among males and females aged 15 to 99 years who were diagnosed in 37 states covering 80% of the US population...
December 15, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192581/genetic-influences-on-evening-preference-overlap-with-those-for-bipolar-disorder-in-a-sample-of-mexican-americans-and-american-indians
#14
Whitney E Melroy-Greif, Ian R Gizer, Kirk C Wilhelmsen, Cindy L Ehlers
Diurnal preference (e.g., being an owl or lark) has been associated with several psychiatric disorders including bipolar disorder (BP), major depressive disorder, and substance use disorders. Previous large-scale genome-wide association studies (GWAS) aimed at identifying genetic influences on diurnal preference have exclusively included subjects of European ancestry. This study examined the genetic architecture of diurnal preference in two minority samples: a young adult sample of Mexican Americans (MAs), and a family-based sample of American Indians (AIs)...
December 2017: Twin Research and Human Genetics: the Official Journal of the International Society for Twin Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187399/disparities-in-prostate-lung-breast-and-colorectal-cancer-survival-and-comorbidity-status-among-urban-american-indians-and-alaskan-natives
#15
Marc A Emerson, Matthew P Banegas, Neetu Chawla, Ninah Achacoso, Stacey E Alexeeff, Alyce S Adams, Laurel A Habel
Cancer is the second leading cause of death among American Indians and Alaskan Natives (AIAN), although cancer survival information in this population is limited, particularly among urban AIAN. In this retrospective cohort study, we compared all-cause and prostate, breast, lung, and colorectal cancer-specific mortality among AIAN (n = 582) and non-Hispanic white (NHW; n = 82,696) enrollees of Kaiser Permanente Northern California (KPNC) diagnosed with primary invasive breast, prostate, lung, or colorectal cancer from 1997 to 2015...
December 1, 2017: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186153/the-peer-review-gap-a-longitudinal-case-study-of-gendered-publishing-and-occupational-patterns-in-a-female-rich-discipline-western-north-america-1974-2016
#16
Shannon Tushingham, Tiffany Fulkerson, Katheryn Hill
Researchers have repeatedly demonstrated that women continue to be underrepresented in publication output in the sciences. This is true even in female-rich fields such as archaeology. Since most gender-related publication studies rely on data from peer-reviewed journals, it would be instructive, though challenging, to also track publication output in non-refereed and professional or industry venues, which tend to be more accessible to those working in extra-academic settings. This comparison is important in fields such as archaeology in which the vast majority (approximately 90%) of practitioners in the USA work for private sector cultural resource management firms and federal and state agencies...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182201/-indian-humor-in-medical-knowledge-during-the-16th-and-17th-centuries
#17
Germán Morong R, Víctor Brangier P
During the first Modern Era (15th-17th c.), bodily health and expressions of physiognomy were explained under the doctrine of humors. This doctrine -based on Corpus Hipocraticum-established a close relation between humors (blood, yellow bile, phlegm, and black bile), qualities (dry, moist, warm, and cold) and the elements (water, air, earth, and fire). One of these humors -black bile-, commonly a hallmark of the melancholic temperament, was associated to the complexion and nature of American Indians. This accusation was legitimized by the empirical examination of the physiognomy of a subject that was melancholic, sad and pusillanimous...
July 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178239/communities-mobilizing-for-change-on-alcohol-cmca-secondary-analyses-of-an-rct-showing-effects-of-community-organizing-on-alcohol-acquisition-by-youth-in-the-cherokee-nation
#18
Alexander C Wagenaar, Melvin D Livingston, Dallas W Pettigrew, Terrence K Kominsky, Kelli A Komro
AIMS: We evaluated the effects of a community organizing intervention, Communities Mobilizing for Change on Alcohol (CMCA), on the propensity of retail alcohol outlets to sell alcohol to young buyers without age identification and on alcohol acquisition behaviors of underage youth. DESIGN: Random assignment of community to treatment (n=3) or control (n=2). Student surveys were conducted four times per year for three years; the cohort was in 9th and 10th grades in the 2012-13 academic year...
November 25, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176114/adverse-childhood-experiences-ace-among-american-indians-in-south-dakota-and-associations-with-mental-health-conditions-alcohol-use-and-smoking
#19
Donald Warne, Kristen Dulacki, Margaret Spurlock, Thomas Meath, Melinda M Davis, Bill Wright, K John McConnell
OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) and their association with behavioral health in American Indian (AI) and non-AI populations in South Dakota. METHODS: We included the validated ACE questionnaire in a statewide health survey of 16,001 households. We examined the prevalence of ACEs and behavioral health conditions in AI and non-AI populations and associations between ACEs and behavioral health. RESULTS: Compared with non-AIs, AIs displayed higher prevalence of ACEs including abuse, neglect, and household dysfunction and had a higher total number of ACEs...
2017: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176112/access-to-digital-communication-technology-and-perceptions-of-telemedicine-for-patient-education-among-american-indian-patients-with-diabetes
#20
Kathleen Mathieson, Joan S Leafman, Mark B Horton
INTRODUCTION: Health care access for medically underserved patients managing chronic conditions is challenging. While telemedicine can support patient education and engagement, the "digital divide" may be particularly problematic among the medically underserved. This study evaluated physical access to digital devices, use of e-mail and social media tools, and perceptions of telemedicine among American Indian (AI) patients with diabetes mellitus (DM). METHODS: Survey data were collected from AI patients with DM during teleophthalmology exams...
2017: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
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