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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207685/trends-in-postpartum-depressive-symptoms-27-states-2004-2008-and-2012
#1
Jean Y Ko, Karilynn M Rockhill, Van T Tong, Brian Morrow, Sherry L Farr
Postpartum depression is common and associated with adverse infant and maternal outcomes (e.g., lower breastfeeding initiation and duration and poor maternal and infant bonding) (1-3). A developmental Healthy People 2020 objective is to decrease the proportion of women delivering a live birth who experience postpartum depressive symptoms (PDS).* To provide a baseline for this objective, CDC sought to describe self-reported PDS overall, by reporting state, and by selected sociodemographic factors, using 2004, 2008, and 2012 data from the Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS)...
February 17, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205236/trends-in-us-minority-red-blood-cell-unit-donations
#2
Mark H Yazer, Meghan Delaney, Marc Germain, Matthew S Karafin, Merlyn Sayers, Ralph Vassallo, Alyssa Ziman, Beth Shaz
BACKGROUND: To provide the appropriately diverse blood supply necessary to support alloimmunized and chronically transfused patients, minority donation recruitment programs have been implemented. This study investigated temporal changes in minority red blood cell (RBC) donation patterns in the United States. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Data on donor race and ethnicity from 2006 through 2015, including the number of unique donors, collections, RBCs successfully donated, and average annual number of RBC donations per donor (donor fraction), were collected from eight US blood collectors...
February 16, 2017: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198537/racial-discrimination-associated-with-higher-diastolic-blood-pressure-in-a-sample-of-american-indian-adults
#3
Zaneta M Thayer, Irene V Blair, Dedra S Buchwald, Spero M Manson
OBJECTIVES: Hypertension prevalence is high among American Indians (AIs). AIs experience a substantial burden of interpersonal racial discrimination, which in other populations has been associated with higher blood pressure. The purpose of this study is to understand whether racial discrimination experiences are associated with higher blood pressure in AIs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used the Everyday Discrimination Scale to evaluate the relationship between discrimination and measured blood pressure among 77 AIs from two reservation communities in the Northern Plains...
February 15, 2017: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198156/prevalence-of-secondary-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome-in-indian-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-single-center-study
#4
Krishna Santosh, Varun Dhir, Surjit Singh, Ashwani Sood, Amit Gupta, Aman Sharma, Shefali Sharma
AIM: To assess the prevalence of secondary Sjögren's syndrome (sSS) and its association with joint damage in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) from northern India. METHODS: Patients included had RA, fulfilling the 1987 American College of Rheumatology criteria, with disease duration of more than 1 year. They were administered a sicca questionnaire that included six questions from subjective criteria of American European Consensus Group (AECG) criteria. Those who answered affirmatively to at least one question underwent Schirmer I test (ocular function) and salivary scintigraphy (salivary gland involvement)...
February 15, 2017: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195349/risk-of-end-stage-liver-disease-hepatocellular-carcinoma-and-liver-related-death-by-fibrosis-stage-in-the-hepatitis-c-alaska-cohort
#5
Dana Jt Bruden, Brian J McMahon, Lisa Townshend-Bulson, Prabhu Gounder, Jim Gove, Julia Plotnik, Chriss Homan, Annette Hewitt, Youssef Barbour, Philip R Spradling, Brenna C Simons, Susan McArdle, Michael Bruce
Long-term prospective studies of the outcomes associated with HCV infection are rare and critical for assessing the potential impact of HCV treatment. Using liver biopsy as a start point, we looked at development of end stage liver disease (ESLD), hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and liver-related death (LRD) according to fibrosis stage, among a cohort of American Indian/Alaska Native persons in Alaska. Persons were classified as having no/mild (Ishak=0,1), moderate (Ishak=2), or severe (Ishak=3,4) fibrosis or cirrhosis (Ishak=5,6)...
February 13, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191801/evaluation-of-clinicopathological-findings-on-255-cases-of-inoperable-locally-advanced-breast-carcinoma-a-tertiary-care-experience
#6
Shah Naveed, Hasina Quari, Ghanish Panjawani, Ankit Shah, B B Panday
INTRODUCTION: Breast cancer is the second most common cancer in the Indian female population. LABC and metastatic breast cancer are the most common stages at presentation in most low-resource countries. Although the incidence of LABC has decreased significantly in countries with enhanced resources thanks to widespread education and screening programs, it remains a daily encounter for surgeons and oncologists in low-resource countries. Neoadjuvant therapy has been studied widely for the treatment of LABC and is followed by locoregional therapy...
September 2016: Gulf Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190954/prevalence-of-pre-pregnancy-obesity-2011-2014
#7
Laura Gregor, Patrick L Remington, Sara Lindberg, Deborah Ehrenthal
IMPORTANCE: Obesity before and during pregnancy increases risk among mothers for poor health outcomes, such as diabetes, high blood pressure, and cardiovascular disease. OBJECTIVE: To describe trends in pre-pregnancy obesity rates among women in Wisconsin. METHODS: Cross-sectional data from Wisconsin birth certificates were analyzed. Prevalence of pre-pregnancy obesity (defined as body mass index = 30) among Wisconsin women who gave birth from 2011 through 2014 was compared across demographic and geographic dimensions...
November 2016: WMJ: Official Publication of the State Medical Society of Wisconsin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181923/variation-in-cyp2a6-and-nicotine-metabolism-among-two-american-indian-tribal-groups-differing-in-smoking-patterns-and-risk-for-tobacco-related-cancer
#8
Julie-Anne Tanner, Jeffrey A Henderson, Dedra Buchwald, Barbara V Howard, Patricia Nez Henderson, Rachel F Tyndale
OBJECTIVE: The Northern Plains (NP) and Southwest (SW) American Indian populations differ in their smoking patterns and lung cancer incidence. We aimed to compare CYP2A6 genetic variation and CYP2A6 enzyme activity (representative of the rate of nicotine metabolism) between the two tribal populations as these have previously been associated with differences in smoking, quitting, and lung cancer risk. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: American Indians (N=636) were recruited from two different tribal populations (NP in South Dakota, SW in Arizona) as part of a study carried out as part of the Collaborative to Improve Native Cancer Outcomes P50 Project...
February 8, 2017: Pharmacogenetics and Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178916/development-of-an-interdisciplinary-pre-matriculation-program-designed-to-promote-medical-students-self-efficacy
#9
Anna Wirta Kosobuski, Abigail Whitney, Andrew Skildum, Amy Prunuske
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: A four-week interdisciplinary pre-matriculation program for Native American and rural medical students was created and its impact on students' transition to medical school was assessed. The program extends the goals of many pre-matriculation programs by aiming to increase not only students' understanding of basic science knowledge, but also to build student self-efficacy through practice with medical school curricular elements while developing their academic support networks...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177511/feasibility-of-implementing-the-all-nations-breath-of-life-culturally-tailored-smoking-cessation-program-for-american-indians-in-multi-tribal-urban-communities
#10
Christine Makosky Daley, Sean M Daley, Christina M Pacheco, T Edward Smith, Myrietta Talawyma, Charlotte McCloskey, Won S Choi, Niaman Nazir, Melissa K Filippi, Dona McKinney, Jordyn Gunville, K Allen Greiner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 8, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176298/what-does-the-u-s-medicare-administrative-claims-database-tell-us-about-initial-antiepileptic-drug-treatment-for-older-adults-with-new-onset-epilepsy
#11
Roy C Martin, Edward Faught, Jerzy P Szaflarski, Joshua Richman, Ellen Funkhouser, Kendra Piper, Lucia Juarez, Chen Dai, Maria Pisu
OBJECTIVE: Disparities in epilepsy treatment are not uncommon; therefore, we examined population-based estimates of initial antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) in new-onset epilepsy among racial/ethnic minority groups of older US Medicare beneficiaries. METHODS: We conducted retrospective analyses of 2008-2010 Medicare administrative claims for a 5% random sample of beneficiaries augmented for minority representation. New-onset epilepsy cases in 2009 had ≥1 International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision (ICD-9) 345...
February 7, 2017: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174069/survival-after-dementia-diagnosis-in-five-racial-ethnic-groups
#12
Elizabeth R Mayeda, M Maria Glymour, Charles P Quesenberry, Julene K Johnson, Eliseo J Pérez-Stable, Rachel A Whitmer
INTRODUCTION: Information on anticipated survival time after dementia diagnosis among racially/ethnically diverse patients is needed to plan for care and evaluate disparities. METHODS: Dementia-free health care members aged ≥64 years were followed (1/1/2000-12/31/2013) for dementia diagnosis and subsequent survival (n = 23,032 Asian American; n = 18,778 African American; n = 21,000 Latino; n = 4543 American Indian/Alaska Native; n = 206,490 white). Kaplan-Meier curves were estimated for survival after dementia diagnosis by race/ethnicity...
February 4, 2017: Alzheimer's & Dementia: the Journal of the Alzheimer's Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173632/impact-of-the-choices-intervention-in-preventing-alcohol-exposed-pregnancies-in-american-indian-women
#13
Jessica D Hanson, Morgan E Nelson, Jamie L Jensen, Amy Willman, Jacque Jacobs-Knight, Karen Ingersoll
BACKGROUND: Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) comprise a continuum of lifelong outcomes in those born prenatally exposed to alcohol. Although studies have shown no differences in rates by race, FASD is of particular concern for American Indian communities. One tribally-run prevention program is the Oglala Sioux Tribe (OST) CHOICES Program, which is modeled after the evidence-based CHOICES program that was focused on preconceptional prevention of alcohol-exposed pregnancy (AEP) by reducing risky drinking in women at-risk for pregnancy and/or preventing unintended pregnancy...
February 7, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166298/estimation-of-chronic-kidney-disease-incidence-from-prevalence-and-mortality-data-in-american-indians-with-type-2-diabetes
#14
Pavithra Vijayakumar, Annika Hoyer, Robert G Nelson, Ralph Brinks, Meda E Pavkov
The objective was to estimate chronic kidney disease (CKD) incidence rates from prevalence and mortality data, and compare the estimates with observed (true) incidence rates in a well-characterized population with diabetes. Pima Indians aged 20 years and older with type 2 diabetes were followed from 1982 through 2007. CKD was defined by estimated GFR (eGFR) <60 ml/min/1.72 m2 or albumin-to-creatinine ratio (ACR) ≥30 mg/g. True CKD incidence and mortality rates were computed for the whole study period, and prevalence for the intervals 1982-1994 and 1995-2007...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165673/a-preliminary-survey-of-professionalism-teaching-practices-in-anatomy-education-among-indian-medical-colleges
#15
Ilavenil Karunakaran, Ponniah Thirumalaikolundusubramanian, Sheela Das Nalinakumari
Professionalism and ethics have gained widespread recognition as competencies to be fulfilled, taught, and assessed within medical education. The role of the anatomy course in developed nations has evolved over time and now encompasses multiple domains, including knowledge, skills, and the inculcation of professionalism and ethics. The Medical Council of India recently recommended the integration of professionalism teaching in undergraduate medical curricula. The authors investigated whether the initial orientation lectures and instructions given by faculty at the outset of undergraduate medical anatomy courses throughout India served a "hidden curriculum" regarding professionalism practices, and whether these orientation messages could serve as an early exposure to medical professionalism and ethics for medical students...
February 6, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161383/association-of-depressive-symptomology-and-psychological-trauma-with-diabetes-control-among-older-american-indian-women-does-social-support-matter
#16
R Turner Goins, Carolyn Noonan, Kelly Gonzales, Blythe Winchester, Vickie L Bradley
AIMS: Among older American Indian women with type 2 diabetes (T2DM), we examined the association between mental health and T2DM control and if social support modifies the association. METHODS: Survey data were linked to T2DM medical record information. Mental health measures were the Center for Epidemiologic Studies - Depression Scale and the National Anxiety Disorders Screening Day instrument. T2DM control was all HbA1c values taken post mental health measures...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159195/influence-of-left-ventricular-stroke-volume-on-incident-heart-failure-in-a-population-with-preserved-ejection-fraction-from-the-strong-heart-study
#17
Marina De Marco, Eva Gerdts, Costantino Mancusi, Mary J Roman, Mai Tone Lønnebakken, Elisa T Lee, Barbara V Howard, Richard B Devereux, Giovanni de Simone
At a given level of left ventricular (LV) systolic function, LV pump performance (assessed by stroke index [SVi]) may differ, depending on LV size. We evaluated whether low SVi may be considered a marker of risk for incident congestive heart failure (HF), independent of LV geometry and systolic function, assessed by ejection fraction (EF) or midwall fractional shortening (MFS), in a large population-based sample with normal EF. Clinical and echocardiographic data from the second Strong Heart Study (SHS) examination, including 2,885 American Indians (59 ± 8 years; 63% women) with normal EF (EF ≥51% in men and EF ≥55% in women) and without prevalent HF or significant valve disease, were analyzed...
January 5, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150395/accuracy-of-dental-age-in-nonadults-a-comparison-of-two-methods-for-age-estimation-using-radiographs-of-developing-teeth
#18
Sierra A Santana, Jonathan D Bethard, Tara L Moore
This research tests the accuracy of two methods for age estimation, Cameriere's European formula and AlQahtani's London Atlas, on a multi-population American sample. Digitized radiographs of 360 European American, Hispanic, and American Indian children aged 6-17 years were analyzed. The accuracy of these methods was assessed using the mean and absolute mean difference of the residuals. Results indicate that Cameriere's European formula underestimated age for both sexes, with a mean difference of -1.19 years for girls and -1...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144762/identifying-and-reducing-disparities-in-mental-health-outcomes-among-american-indians-and-alaskan-natives-using-public-health-mental-healthcare-and-legal-perspectives
#19
Hannah E Payne, Michalyn Steele, Jennie L Bingham, Chantel D Sloan
The purpose of this paper was to investigate disparities in mental healthcare delivery in American Indian/Alaska Native populations from three perspectives: public health, legal policy and mental healthcare and provide evidence-based recommendations toward reducing those disparities. Data on mental health funding to tribes were obtained from the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. As a result of analysis of these data, vital statistics and current literature, we propose three recommendations to reduce mental health disparities...
January 31, 2017: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139345/effect-of-different-methods-of-accounting-for-antihypertensive-treatment-when-assessing-the-relationship-between-diabetes-or-obesity-and-systolic-blood-pressure
#20
Stephanie K Tanamas, Robert L Hanson, Robert G Nelson, William C Knowler
BACKGROUND: Underlying blood pressure is that observed in the absence of antihypertensive treatment or, among those treated, the estimate of that which would be observed without treatment. This study aims to examine the relationships between diabetes or obesity and underlying systolic blood pressure adjusted for antihypertensive treatment by several methods. METHODS: Data from two population studies were analyzed-an American Indian community in Arizona and the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
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