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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676622/low-to-moderate-arsenic-exposure-and-respiratory-health-in-american-indian-communities
#1
Martha Powers, Tiffany R Sanchez, Maria Grau-Perez, Fawn Yeh, Kevin Francesconi, Walter Goessler, Christine M George, Christopher Heaney, Lyle G Best, Jason Umans, Robert H Brown, Ana Navas-Acien
RATIONALE: Exposure to inorganic arsenic, through drinking naturally-contaminated water, is an established cause of lung cancer. Evidence on the impact of arsenic exposure on lung function, however, is less conclusive. The evidence available, mostly from populations exposed to water arsenic levels >100 μg/L, suggests that arsenic exposure is associated with lower lung function. Prospective studies and studies examining low-to-moderate levels of water arsenic exposure (<50 μg/L) the level relevant for U...
April 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673694/new-phylogenetic-insights-toward-developing-a-natural-generic-classification-of-african-angraecoid-orchids-vandeae-orchidaceae
#2
Murielle Simo-Droissart, Gregory M Plunkett, Vincent Droissart, Molly B Edwards, João N M Farminhão, Vladimir Ječmenica, Tania D'haijère, Porter P Lowry, Bonaventure Sonké, Claire Micheneau, Barbara S Carlsward, Laura Azandi, Simon Verlynde, Olivier J Hardy, Florent Martos, Benny Bytebier, Eberhard Fischer, Tariq Stévart
Despite significant progress made in recent years toward developing an infrafamilial classification of Orchidaceae, our understanding of relationships among and within tribal and subtribal groups of epidendroid orchids remains incomplete. To reassess generic delimitation among one group of these epidendroids, the African angraecoids, phylogenetic relationships were inferred from DNA sequence data from three regions, ITS, matK, and the trnL-trnF intergenic spacer, obtained from a broadly representative sample of taxa...
April 16, 2018: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672243/sovereignty-and-social-justice-how-the-concepts-affect-federal-american-indian-policy-and-american-indian-health
#3
Donalee Unal
The health disparities that are prevalent among American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) communities are connected to the ideology of sovereignty and often ignored in social work and public health literature. Therefore, the purpose of this paper is to examine the health outcomes of American Indians from the time of contact with European settlers to the present through the ideology of sovereignty and federal government AI health policy. The foundation for the health outcomes of AIs and the governmental policies affecting them lie in the ideology of tribal sovereignty...
April 19, 2018: Social Work in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672082/predicting-ptsd-severity-from-experiences-of-trauma-and-heterosexism-in-lesbian-and-bisexual-women-a-longitudinal-study-of-cognitive-mediators
#4
Emily R Dworkin, Amanda K Gilmore, Michele Bedard-Gilligan, Keren Lehavot, Katarína Guttmannova, Debra Kaysen
Sexual minority women (SMW) are at high risk of trauma exposure and, subsequently, the development of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The authors extended a theoretical model explaining the higher risk of mental disorders in minority populations to the maintenance and exacerbation of PTSD symptoms among young adult SMW specifically. This study used observational longitudinal data from a sample of 348 trauma-exposed 18- to 25-year-old individuals assigned female sex at birth who identified as either bisexual (60...
April 2018: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671860/future-directions-in-disseminating-research-findings-to-urban-alaska-native-people
#5
Aliassa L Shane, Charlene R Apok, Michael J Doyle, Vanessa Y Hiratsuka, Denise A Dillard, Karen Caindec
Southcentral Foundation (SCF), a tribal health organization based in Anchorage, Alaska, operates and plans health care services in response to the priorities and tribal values of Alaska Native and American Indian (AN/AI) people, including traditional concepts of wellness, reciprocity, and working in relationship. In an effort to better incorporate AN/AI priorities and values in research dissemination, the SCF Research Department hosted the Alaska Native Health Research Forum (Forum) in May 2016. In this paper, we describe the communication strategies used by the SCF Public Relations Department, which were shared with Forum attendees, describe attendee recommendations for researchers to consider and implement, and then discuss future directions for dissemination...
2018: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671859/community-dissemination-in-a-tribal-health-setting-a-pharmacogenetics-case-study
#6
Julie A Beans, Vanessa Y Hiratsuka, Charlene R Apok, Karen Caindec, Denise A Dillard, Renee F Robinson
Alaska Native and American Indian (AN/AI) people experience a disproportionate burden of health disparities in the United States. Including AN/AI people in pharmacogenetic research offers an avenue to address these health disparities, however the dissemination of pharmacogenetic research results in the community context can be a challenging task. In this paper, we describe a case-study that explores the preferences of AN/AI community members regarding pharmacogenetic research results dissemination. Results were presented as a PowerPoint presentation at the 2016 Alaska Native Health Research Forum (Forum)...
2018: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671857/disseminating-information-on-trauma-screening-brief-intervention-and-referral-to-treatment-in-a-tribal-health-setting-a-case-study
#7
Jaedon P Avey, Vanessa Y Hiratsuka, Lisa G Dirks, Laurie A Moore, Barbara Beach, Douglas K Novins, Karen Caindec, Denise A Dillard
Exposure to trauma is consistently associated with co-occurrence of behavioral health disorders. Primary care settings are opportune places to screen for traumatic experiences and symptoms, as they are often the initial point of care for behavioral health concerns by the Alaska Native and American Indian (AN/AI) population. In this case study, we examine results dissemination activities at the SCF Research Department-hosted 2016 Alaska Native Health Research Forum (Forum) of a pilot study of a trauma-focused screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (T-SBIRT) process for AN/AI adults in primary care...
2018: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671856/alaska-native-health-research-forum-perspectives-on-disseminating-research-findings
#8
Vanessa Y Hiratsuka, Julie A Beans, Lisa G Dirks, Jaedon P Avey, Karen Caindec, Denise A Dillard
In May 2016, Southcentral Foundation (SCF), a regional tribal health corporation based in Anchorage, Alaska convened a half-day health research forum for Alaska Native and American Indian community members to obtain feedback on communication of research findings. Thirty one individuals attended the Forum and 22 completed a pre and post survey. Respondents found the Forum to be a useful method to learn about research projects and their willingness to participate in health research reportedly increased because of the event...
2018: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671855/approach-and-methods-of-the-2016-alaska-native-research-forum
#9
Vanessa Y Hiratsuka, Jaedon P Avey, Julie A Beans, Lisa G Dirks, Karen Caindec, Denise A Dillard
Southcentral Foundation, a tribal health organization serving Alaska Native and American Indian (AN/AI) people in southcentral Alaska, convened the Alaska Native Health Research Forum (Forum) for AN/AI people in May 2016. The purpose of the Forum was to obtain AN/AI community member feedback about sharing health research results. This article describes the funding mechanism that provided resources for the Forum and other factors that were considered when designing the Forum. This is followed by a description of how attendees were invited, the audience response system, and process used to collect quantitative data on participants and qualitative feedback from small group discussions with Forum attendees...
2018: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671854/challenges-in-engaging-and-disseminating-health-research-results-among-alaska-native-and-american-indian-people-in-southcentral-alaska
#10
Denise A Dillard, Karen Caindec, Lisa G Dirks, Vanessa Y Hiratsuka
Alaska Native and American Indian (AN/AI) people have negative research experiences, including lack of timely, respectful, and relevant communication about research findings. Southcentral Foundation (SCF), a tribally owned and operated health care organization in Alaska, has redesigned the health care system, enacted research policies, and established a research department which uses best practices of Community Engaged Research with AN/AI people. Department staff and community members, however, perceive significant limitations in the reach of and satisfaction with ongoing engagement and dissemination efforts...
2018: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664698/alcohol-consumption-and-chronic-liver-disease-mortality-in-new-mexico-and-the-united-states-1999-2013
#11
Laura E Tomedi, Jim Roeber, Michael Landen
OBJECTIVE: Current chronic liver disease (CLD) mortality surveillance methods may not adequately capture data on all causes of CLD mortality. The objective of this study was to calculate and compare CLD death rates in New Mexico and the United States by using both an expanded definition of CLD and estimates of the fractional impact of alcohol on CLD deaths. METHODS: We defined CLD mortality as deaths due to alcoholic liver disease, cirrhosis, viral hepatitis, and other liver conditions...
January 1, 2018: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664190/child-marriage-in-the-united-states-how-common-is-the-practice-and-which-children-are-at-greatest-risk
#12
Alissa Koski, Jody Heymann
CONTEXT: Marriage before the age of 18, commonly referred to as child marriage, is legal under varying conditions across the United States. The prevalence of child marriage among recent cohorts is unknown. METHODS: American Community Survey data for 2010-2014 were used to estimate the average national and state-level proportions of children who had ever been married. Prevalence was calculated by gender, race and ethnicity, and birthplace, and the living arrangements of currently married children were examined...
April 17, 2018: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663909/diagnosing-developmental-defects-of-enamel-pilot-study-of-online-training-and-accuracy
#13
Darya Dabiri, George J Eckert, Yihong Li, Kim Seow, Robert J Schroth, John Warren, J Timothy Wright, Shi Zhao, Margherita Fontana
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess dentists' ability to correctly identify and classify development defects of enamel (DDE). METHODS: The modified DDE (MDDE) index was used to classify enamel defects into two types: (1) enamel hypoplasia-pitted, grooved, or missing enamel; or (2) enamel opacity-translucency of enamel not caused by dental caries or fluorosis (can be either demarcated or diffuse). A panel of six experts selected and scored 36 images using the MDDE, and the consensus score was used as the gold standard score in the evaluation of survey respondents...
March 15, 2018: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661057/are-the-motivational-effects-of-autonomy-supportive-conditions-universal-contrasting-results-among-indians-and-americans
#14
Ritu Tripathi, Daniel Cervone, Krishna Savani
In Western theories of motivation, autonomy is conceived as a universal motivator of human action; enhancing autonomy is expected to increase motivation panculturally. Using a novel online experimental paradigm that afforded a behavioral measure of motivation, we found that, contrary to this prevailing view, autonomy cues affect motivation differently among American and Indian corporate professionals. Autonomy-supportive instructions increased motivation among Americans but decreased motivation among Indians...
April 1, 2018: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656915/substance-use-and-suicide-in-pacific-islander-american-indian-and-multiracial-youth
#15
Andrew M Subica, Li-Tzy Wu
INTRODUCTION: National estimates of U.S. Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander (NHPI), American Indian/Alaskan Native (AIAN), and multiracial adolescent substance use and suicidality are scarce because of their small population sizes. The aim was to estimate the national prevalence of, and disparities in, substance use and suicidality among these understudied adolescents. METHODS: Analyses conducted in 2017 of U.S. adolescents (grades ninth to 12th) from the 1991-2015 Combined National Youth Behavioral Risk Surveys estimated (1) prevalence of lifetime and current (past 30-day) substance use, past 12-month depressed mood, and suicidality by racial group; and (2) AORs for depressed mood and suicidality regressed on current alcohol, cigarette, and marijuana use...
April 12, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628840/lumbar-epidural-depth-using-transverse-ultrasound-scan-and-its-correlation-with-loss-of-resistance-technique-a-prospective-observational-study-in-indian-population
#16
Amit Kumar Chauhan, Rohan Bhatia, Sanjay Agrawal
Background and Objectives: The objective of the present study was to evaluate the skin-epidural space distance as assessed by ultrasonography and conventional loss of resistance (LOR) technique and to find the correlation of epidural depth with body mass index (BMI). Methods: Ninety-eight patients of either sex, American Society of Anesthesiology I/II, BMI <30 kg/m2 requiring lumbar epidural for surgery were enrolled. The epidural space was assessed with a curvilinear ultrasound (US) probe, 2-5 MHz, in the transverse plane at L3-L4 intervertebral space...
April 2018: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628567/comparison-of-upper-lip-bite-test-and-ratio-of-height-to-thyromental-distance-with-other-airway-assessment-tests-for-predicting-difficult-endotracheal-intubation
#17
D Shobha, Maitri Adiga, D Devika Rani, Sudheesh Kannan, S S Nethra
Background and Aims: Unanticipated difficult intubation or the failed intubation in operating room and in emergency department is an imperative source of anesthesia-related patient's mortality. The aim of this study is to compare the predictive value of upper lip bite test (ULBT) and ratio of height to thyromental distance (RHTMD) with other commonly used preoperative airway assessment tests for predicting difficult intubation in Indian population. Materials and Methods: In this prospective, single-blinded observational study, 260 adult patients of either sex, belonging to American Society of Anesthesiologists physical Status I and II undergoing elective surgical procedure under general anesthesia were included in the study...
January 2018: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628562/comparative-study-between-propofol-and-dexmedetomidine-for-conscious-sedation-in-patients-undergoing-outpatient-colonoscopy
#18
Harish Karanth, Sumesh Murali, Reshma Koteshwar, Vasanth Shetty, Karunakara Adappa
Introduction: Colonoscopy is a mildly painful procedure requiring conscious sedation. Though propofol is a widely used anesthetic agent in day-care procedures due to its rapid onset and quick recovery has a drawback of requiring resuscitation maneuvers more often than the conventional methods. Dexmedetomidine, a newly introduced, highly selective α2 -adrenergic receptor agonist possessing hypnotic, sedative, anxiolytic, sympatholytic, and analgesic properties with impressive safety margin, needs to be explored for use in conscious sedation for colonoscopy procedure among South Indian population...
January 2018: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623570/food-security-and-diet-among-american-indians-in-the-midwest
#19
Kelly Berryhill, Jason Hale, Brian Chase, Lauren Clark, Jianghua He, Christine M Daley
The purpose of this study was to determine levels of food security among American Indians (AI) living in the Midwest and possible correlations between food security levels and various health outcomes, diet, and demographic variables. This study used a cross-sectional design to determine health behaviors among AI. Participants (n = 362) were recruited by AI staff through various cultural community events in the Midwest, such as powwows and health fairs. Inclusion criteria included the following: age 18 years or older, self-identify as an AI, and willing to participate in the survey...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623014/genetic-alterations-and-pik3ca-gene-mutations-and-amplifications-analysis-in-cervical-cancer-by-racial-groups-in-the-united-states
#20
Odekunle Florence Femi
Introduction: A number of studies indicated racial differences in cervical cancer outcomes and several factors are associated with it such as stage, comorbidities, treatment pattern, and socioeconomic status. However, the associations of tumor genomic patterns such as phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase catalytic subunit alpha (PIK3CA) gene mutations and amplifications with cervical cancer racial disparities are largely unexplored. Objectives: Therefore, the present investigation aimed to identify genetic alterations (mutations and copy number variations) in cervical cancer and determine whether the PIK3CA gene mutations and amplifications in cervical cancer differ across racial/ethnic groups in the United States...
January 2018: International Journal of Health Sciences
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