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Forefoot surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880602/osteoid-osteoma-at-the-proximal-diaphysis-of-the-fifth-metatarsal
#1
Muhammet Baybars Ataoglu, Ali Kh Ali, Mustafa Ozer, Hüseyin Nevzat Topcu, Mehmet Cetinkaya, Gamze Kulduk
The foot is rarely the focus of osteoid osteoma, and only a few of those cases are related to the fifth metatarsal. The present case demonstrates that atypical symptoms with suspicious findings on plain radiographs that are not associated with trauma must be analyzed carefully to determine the nature of the lesion and perform the precise treatment to obtain and sustain the cure. A 29-year-old man presented to the outpatient clinic with a 2-year history of chronic pain in the lateral aspect of his left forefoot...
July 2017: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867667/long-term-effects-of-orthoses-use-on-the-changes-of-foot-and-ankle-joint-motions-of-spastic-cp-children
#2
Xue-Cheng Liu, David Embrey, Channing Tassone, Kim Zvara, Brenna Brandsma, Roger Lyon, Karin Goodfriend, Sergey Tarima, John Thometz
BACKGROUND: Orthoses are commonly prescribed to children with cerebral palsy (CP) in order to provide foot correction and to improve ambulatory function. Immediate effects of ankle foot orthosis (AFOs) have been investigated, but long term kinematic effects are lacking clinical evidence. OBJECTIVE: To determine changes in pediatric patients with Cerebral Palsy's 3D ankle and foot segment motion between initial, and follow up visits (18 month average time differences) in both barefoot gait and gait with their ankle foot orthotic (AFO)...
August 31, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866453/ponseti-method-is-superior-to-surgical-treatment-in-clubfoot-long-term-randomized-prospective-trial
#3
Martin Švehlík, Ulrike Floh, Gerhardt Steinwender, Matthias Sperl, Michael Novak, Tanja Kraus
Treatment of idiopathic clubfoot has shifted from extensive surgical release to conservative Ponseti method; however, randomized prospective trials to compare both methods are lacking. The goal of this study was to compare the long-term results of Ponseti method with those of surgery in terms of morphology, function, X-rays, overall health and gait. In 2001, a single center, prospective, randomized, and controlled trial with a parallel design was started. Twenty-four feet of 15 patients were randomly assigned to two groups: 12 feet each to a Ponseti and surgical group...
August 11, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861633/efficacy-of-pedobarographic-analysis-to-evaluate-proximal-medial-gastrocnemius-recession-in-patients-with-gastrocnemius-tightness-and-metatarsalgia
#4
Gustavo Vinagre, Matías Alfonso, Sebastián Cruz-Morande, Miguel Hernández, Carlos Villas
PURPOSE: Proximal medial gastrocnemius recession (PMGR) is a surgical procedure performed in patients with gastrocnemius tightness (GT). The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of pedobarographic analysis on PMGR in patients with GT and metatarsalgia. METHODS: This prospective study included 52 patients diagnosed with GT treated surgically with PMGR and 49 non-operated upon patients (control group). A total of 55 PMGRs (three bilateral) were performed as an isolated or combined procedure in the treatment group...
August 31, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828066/inferior-results-with-unilateral-compared-with-bilateral-brace-in-ponseti-treated-clubfeet
#5
C Sætersdal, J M Fevang, L B Engesæter
PURPOSE: The Ponseti method for treating clubfoot was introduced in Norway in 2003, and a cohort of children has been followed for 8 to 11 years. In a previous study, we found good results after follow-up of two to five years, with 3% rate of extensive surgery (posterior release or posteromedial release). During 8 to 11 years of follow-up, the rate of extensive surgery increased to 11%. The children had been treated with a bilateral brace or a unilateral brace. In this multicentre study we aimed to compare these two post-corrective treatment methods...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Children's Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767168/the-possibility-of-free-tissue-transfer-as-a-nutrient-flap-for-critical-ischemic-foot-a-case-report
#6
Kentaro Tanaka, Kimihiro Igari, Mitsuhiro Kishino, Satoshi Usami, Tsutomu Homma, Takahiro Toyofuku, Yoshinori Inoue, Mutsumi Okazaki
Microsurgical procedure of free tissue transfer in critical limb ischemia patients with large ulceration has already been established. The nutrient flap concept was that transferred tissue functioned not only to cover the skin defect but also as a supplementary blood supply to the ischemic lower leg. This report showed the justification for this concept, which was rarely discussed. A 58-year-old male patient with progressive forefoot gangrene caused by arteriosclerosis obliterans was presented. The distal bypass procedure was performed as revascularization surgery, and a latissimus dorsi (LD) myocutaneous flap was transplanted to cover ulceration...
August 2, 2017: Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741328/-short-term-results-of-weils-osteotomy-in-patients-with-propulsive-metatarsalgia
#7
J C Hernández-Martínez, J Vázquez-Escamilla, M Coronado-Puente
INTRODUCTION: Metatarsalgia is the most common reason for consultation in orthopedic pathology of the foot. The key to its treatment lies in the correct determination of the symptoms, which are biological, morphological and mechanical alterations responsible for pain. Weil´s osteotomy is commonly used for multiple forefoot pathologies, including metatarsalgias. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We included patients with first-line failure syndrome and associated mechanical metatarsalgia-producing deformities...
January 2017: Acta Ortopédica Mexicana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688712/cotton-osteotomy-in-flatfoot-reconstruction-a-review-of-consecutive-cases
#8
Troy J Boffeli, Katherine R Schnell
The Cotton osteotomy or opening wedge medial cuneiform osteotomy is a useful adjunctive flatfoot reconstructive procedure that is commonly performed; however, the outcomes are rarely reported owing to the adjunctive nature of the procedure. The Cotton procedure is relatively quick to perform and effectively corrects forefoot varus deformity after rearfoot fusion or osteotomy to achieve a rectus forefoot to rearfoot relationship. Proper patient selection is critical because the preoperative findings of medial column joint instability, concomitant hallux valgus deformity, or degenerative joint disease of the medial column might be better treated by arthrodesis of the naviculocuneiform or first tarsometatarsal joints...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682674/free-flap-transfer-for-coverage-of-transmetatarsal-amputation-stump-to-preserve-residual-foot-length
#9
Hyung Min Hahn, Kwang Sik Jeong, Myong Chul Park, Dong Ha Park, Il Jae Lee
Surgical management of soft-tissue defects of the forefoot and midfoot caused by trauma or diabetic complications can be challenging because locoregional tissue is insufficient to provide adequate flap. This deficiency necessitates higher-level amputations, such as Chopart or even transtibial amputation, resulting in far more debilitating functional outcomes than are seen with partial foot amputation. The purpose of this study was to examine the surgical outcomes after transmetatarsal amputation and a free-flap transfer to preserve foot length...
March 2017: International Journal of Lower Extremity Wounds
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682673/osteoclasis-for-the-treatment-of-recalcitrant-diabetic-forefoot-ulceration-a-case-study
#10
Colin Graney, Jakob C Thorud, Douglas Murdoch
Recurrence after diabetic foot ulceration is a common occurrence after healing. Curative surgery has been suggested to reduce the incidence of recurrent ulcerations. Osteoclasis is a simple procedure used to fracture the metatarsal head in attempt to reduce pressure under the affected metatarsal without transferring excessive pressure to adjacent metatarsals. We present a case study of a 65-year-old diabetic male with multiple attempts to heal and maintain a healed ulceration who underwent an osteoclasis procedure...
March 2017: International Journal of Lower Extremity Wounds
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663624/the-effect-of-preemptive-ankle-block-using-ropivacaine-and-dexamethasone-on-postoperative-analgesia-in-foot-surgery
#11
Ashraf Elsayed Alzeftawy, Nabil Aly Elsheikh
BACKGROUND: Peripheral nerve blocks have become an increasingly popular form of anesthesia. Preemptive analgesia reduces central sensitization, postoperative pain, and analgesic consumption. Different additive has been used to prolong regional blockade and improve postoperative analgesia. AIM: This study was conducted to evaluate whether preemptive ankle block using combination of ropivacaine and dexamethasone would succeed in improving the postoperative analgesia after foot surgery in patients receiving general anesthesia...
April 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587575/comparison-of-multisegmental-foot-and-ankle-motion-between-total-ankle-replacement-and-ankle-arthrodesis-in-adults
#12
Sang Gyo Seo, Eo Jin Kim, Doo Jae Lee, Kee Jeong Bae, Kyoung Min Lee, Dong Yeon Lee
BACKGROUND: Total ankle replacement (TAR) and ankle arthrodesis (AA) are usually performed for severe ankle arthritis. We compared postoperative foot segmental motion during gait in patients treated with TAR and AA. METHODS: Gait analysis was performed in 17 and 7 patients undergoing TAR and AA, respectively. Subjects were evaluated using a 3-dimensional multisegmental foot model with 15 markers. Temporal gait parameters were calculated. The maximum and minimum values and the differences in hallux, forefoot, hindfoot, and arch in 3 planes (sagittal, coronal, transverse) were compared between the 2 groups...
May 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587475/management-of-severe-equinovalgus-in-patients-with-cerebral-palsy-by-naviculectomy-in-combination-with-midfoot-arthrodesis
#13
Chakravarthy U Dussa, Leonhard Döderlein, Raimund Forst, H Böhm, Albert Fujak
BACKGROUND: Equinovalgus deformity is the second most common deformity in cerebral palsy and may be flexible or rigid. Several operative methods from joint sparing to arthrodesis have been described with varying success rates. The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of naviculectomy in combination with midfoot arthrodesis (talo-cuneiform and calcaneocuboid arthrodesis) in the correction of a rigid equinovalgus foot deformity in cerebral palsy. METHODS: Forty-eight rigid equinovalgus feet were operated upon in 30 patients from 2008 to 2013...
June 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580056/a-pictorial-review-of-reconstructive-foot-and-ankle-surgery-elective-lesser-forefoot-procedures
#14
REVIEW
Andrew J Meyr, Laura Sansosti, Sayed Ali
This pictorial review focuses on basic procedures performed within the field of podiatric surgery, specifically for elective procedures of the lesser forefoot including the correction of hammertoes and lesser metatarsal deformities. Our goal is to demonstrate objective radiographic parameters that surgeons utilize to initially define the deformity, lead to procedure selection and judge post-operative outcomes. We hope that radiologists will employ this information to improve their assessment of post-operative radiographs following reconstructive foot surgeries...
November 2016: Journal of Radiology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549283/the-use-of-foot-pumps-compression-devices-in-the-perioperative-management-of-ankle-fractures-systematic-review-of-the-current-literature
#15
REVIEW
Rachel Clarkson, Samer S S Mahmoud, Amar Rangan, William Eardley, Paul Baker
BACKGROUND: Ankle fractures account for 9% of all fractures seen in the United Kingdom. 15,000 of these fractures undergo operative fixation each year. Soft tissue swelling impacts on timing of fixation due to fears of infection and wound dehiscence. The use of arterio-venous foot pumps (AVFP) is increasing in this population although the evidence for their efficacy is unclear. In order to address this, we present an overview of the evidence for AVFP device use following ankle fracture...
June 2017: Foot
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536215/sesamoid-osteonecrosis-treated-with-radial-extracorporeal-shock-wave-therapy
#16
Dawn Thompson, Nikos Malliaropoulos, Nat Padhiar
Sesamoid osteonecrosis is a disabling condition resulting in severe forefoot pain, for which there are limited treatment options. We present a 52-year-old man with 1-year history of pain, aggravated by walking and playing tennis. On examination, pain was localised to plantar aspect of the first metatarsophalangeal joint. Imaging revealed evolving end-stage avascular necrosis of lateral sesamoid with early secondary degenerative changes. Previous exhaustive conservative treatment had been unsuccessful in alleviating his pain...
May 22, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523314/health-related-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-hallux-valgus
#17
Lavinia Maria Hogea, Bogdan Gheorghe Hogea, Laura Alexandra Nussbaum, Mirela Loredana Grigoraş, Bogdan Corneliu Andor, Codrina Mihaela Levai, Ana Cristina Bredicean
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: No deformity of the forefoot occurs more frequently than hallux valgus (HV), which is considered to be medial deviation of the first metatarsal and lateral deviation and rotation of the hallux, either with or without medial soft tissue enlargement of the metatarsal head. The HV deformity can lead to painful motion of the joint or difficulty in daily joint activity that often requires surgical correction. The aims of this study were to investigate the levels of foot pain and quality of life of patients with HV before and after surgery...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506125/hemoglobin-a1c-as-a-predictor-of-postoperative-infection-following-elective-forefoot-surgery
#18
Jourdan M Cancienne, Minton T Cooper, Kevin A Laroche, Dirk W Verheul, Brian C Werner
BACKGROUND: There remains little evidence to support a perioperative hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) level that could serve as a threshold for a significantly increased risk of postoperative surgical site infection (SSI) following forefoot surgery. METHODS: A national database was queried for patients who underwent elective forefoot surgery with diabetes. Patients with a perioperative HbA1c level within 3 months of surgery were identified and stratified based on HbA1c level in 0...
August 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464751/minimally-important-change-measurement-error-and-responsiveness-for-the-self-reported-foot-and-ankle-score
#19
Maria C Cöster, Anna Nilsdotter, Lars Brudin, Ann Bremander
Background and purpose - Patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) are increasingly used to evaluate results in orthopedic surgery. To enhance good responsiveness with a PROM, the minimally important change (MIC) should be established. MIC reflects the smallest measured change in score that is perceived as being relevant by the patients. We assessed MIC for the Self-reported Foot and Ankle Score (SEFAS) used in Swedish national registries. Patients and methods - Patients with forefoot disorders (n = 83) or hindfoot/ankle disorders (n = 80) completed the SEFAS before surgery and 6 months after surgery...
June 2017: Acta Orthopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399654/long-term-outcomes-following-syme-s-amputation
#20
Elissa S Finkler, Daniel A Marchwiany, Adam P Schiff, Michael S Pinzur
BACKGROUND: The metabolic cost of walking after Syme's ankle disarticulation amputation is minimally more than that for nonamputation. The ability to end weightbearing makes prosthetic fitting relatively simple, and very few patients require extensive rehabilitation or placement in a skilled nursing or rehabilitation facility. In spite of these potential benefits, there is a paucity of objective information on the actual long-term outcomes. METHODS: Fifty-one patients were identified who underwent single-stage Syme's ankle disarticulation amputation with excision of the lateral and medial malleoli by a single surgeon during a 23-year period...
July 2017: Foot & Ankle International
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