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Forefoot surgery

H Ozkan, T Ege, K Koca, N Can, Y Yurttas, S Tunay
The aim of the current study was to assess the changes of plantar foot pressures with pedobarography in -patients with Achilles tendon repair by minimally -invasive surgical technique. This retrospective study consisted of 15 consecutive patients who were treated for acute Achilles' tendon repair with minimally invasive technique in our clinic in a two year period between 2010 and 2012. All patients were male. The mean age was 28.7 years (24-42) and the mean follow-up time was 2.3 years (1.5- 3). All patients had sports related Achilles' tendon rupture and all had undergone surgery in 24-48 hours...
August 2016: Acta Orthopaedica Belgica
Jin Su Kim, Hun Ki Cho, Ki Won Young, Sang Young Lee, Ji Soo Kim, Kyoungtae Lee
BACKGROUND: Scarf osteotomy has been used in hallux valgus surgery due to its large fixation surface for screws and low postoperative complications. However, screws may cause skin irritation from their head, which may require an additional surgical procedure to remove. METHODS: This study included 115 patients (106 females and 9 males, 115 feet) who underwent hallux valgus correction with a scarf osteotomy using bioabsorbable screws between September 2010 and September 2012...
September 25, 2016: Foot & Ankle International
Rodrigo Díaz Fernández
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous surgery to correct deformities of the forefoot presents the advantages of using a minimal incision, which involves less soft tissue damage and less risk of wound complications. For severe deformities, percutaneous techniques have not been proven as effective. We propose a technique for the treatment of severe hallux valgus. METHODS: In a sample of 52 feet operated on 48 patients, we performed a double percutaneous osteotomy (closure proximal osteotomy and a distal Akin) or triple when a Reverdin-Isham osteotomy was added...
September 23, 2016: Foot & Ankle International
David Pomarino, Juliana Ramírez-Llamas, Stephan Martin, Andrea Pomarino
: The idiopathic toe walking (ITW) gait pattern is characterized in children for walking since the beginning on their first steps on the forefoot; however, these children are able to support their whole foot on the ground. ITW can only be diagnosed in the absence of any orthopaedic or neurological condition known to cause tiptoe walking. The aim of this article is to review other references and provide an outline of the different treatment options, including the 3-step-pyramid insole treatment concept for children with ITW...
September 19, 2016: Foot & Ankle Specialist
B Salazard, C Philandrianos, A Gaudeuille
Malformations and deformations of the forefoot are a frequent reason for consultation. The most frequent malformations viewed at birth are syndactylies (second web space), clinodactylies (quintus varus, halllux), polydactylies (hallux, fifth toe). The macrodactylies, hypoplasia, amniotic bands are rare. The management of these defects requires knowledge of surgery adult foot, plastic surgery and especially collaboration with physiotherapists, podiatrists and orthotists. The fast growth of the foot the first year and the development of walking at one year require to start early the treatment of deformations and to anticipate the evolution of malformations...
October 2016: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
E López-Gavito, P Parra-Téllez, J Vázquez-Escamilla
Diabetes mellitus is a major chronic degenerative disease, which currently is taking on alarming proportions in the population of our country. Neuropathic arthropathy is one of the most interesting degenerative joint disorders and increasingly common within the orthopedic pathology. It is defined as a progressive degenerative arthropathy, chronic and affecting one or more peripheral joints, and develops as a result of the lack of sensory perception normal in the innervation of joints. As a result the joints of the feet are subjected to trauma and repetitive injury causing a neurotraumatic effect with progressive damage to the joints of the hindfoot, midfoot and forefoot...
January 2016: Acta Ortopédica Mexicana
Swati Chopra, Julien Favre, Xavier Crevoisier
Today, ankle joint kinematic assessment gives important information regarding the intersegment range of motion. It does not, however, provide information regarding coordination between the segments. This study aimed to determine whether or not intersegment coordination can provide valuable, otherwise missed information in relation to kinematic alterations of the ankle joint. The study consisted of 40 participants, including 12 total ankle replacement (TAR) patients, 12 ankle arthrodesis (AA) patients, and 16 controls...
July 30, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
Cal Robinson, Abhijit Bhosale, Anand Pillai
AIM: To define footwear outcomes following hallux valgus surgery, focusing on patient return to comfortable and heeled footwear and patterns of post-operative footwear selection. METHODS: Surgical intervention is indicated for symptomatic cases of hallux valgus unresponsive to conservative methods, with favourable reported outcomes. The return to various types of footwear post-operatively is reflective of the degree of correction achieved, and corresponds to patient satisfaction...
June 26, 2016: World Journal of Methodology
Chun-Guang Li, Guang-Rong Yu, Yun-Feng Yang, Bing Li
OBJECTIVE: To assess a classification system for midfoot injury that was based on the characteristics of the foot malunion and to evaluate the suggested treatment strategies. METHODS: This retrospective review of data from patients with posttraumatic midfoot malunion categorized each foot deformity into one of three types based on the foot arch and then separated these categories into one of three subtypes based on the forefoot deformity. According to the types of malunion, fascio-cutaneous flap, osteotomy, joint arthrodesis or realignment was used to correct the deformity...
August 2016: Journal of International Medical Research
Bergita Ganse, Peng-Fei Yang, Jenny Gardlo, Peter Gauger, Andreas Kriechbaumer, Hans-Christoph Pape, Timmo Koy, Lars-Peter Müller, Jörn Rittweger
INTRODUCTION: Partial weight bearing is part of treatment schemes in orthopedic surgery and traumatology. The aim of the present study was to explore to what degree ground reaction forces during partial weight bearing of the lower leg are related to given instructions and to tibia deformation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Tibia deformation (torsion, medio-lateral and anterio-posterior bending) was measured for rear foot and forefoot loading, 10kg, 20kg and half body weight instructions compared to full loading in five healthy male subjects using the "Optical Segment Tracking" approach, a motion-capturing based method that uses monocortically fixed bone screws...
August 2016: Injury
Makoto Hirao, Kosuke Ebina, Kenrin Shi, Tetsuya Tomita, Takaaki Noguchi, Hideki Tsuboi, Jun Hashimoto, Hideki Yoshikawa
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether preoperative pain intensity in callosities of the lesser toe metatarsopharangeal (MTP) joint was associated with the grade of fore-mid-hindfoot deformities, because rheumatoid arthritis (RA) foot deformity includes the whole part of foot, and curiously differences between cases in the pain intensity of MTP joint callosities are often observed. METHODS: We evaluated 24 feet that had undergone forefoot surgery [August, 2014 - December, 2015] for painful lesser toe MTP joint deformity (callosities) in RA cases...
June 16, 2016: Modern Rheumatology
Tianquan Wang, Jian Lin, Dajiang Song, Heping Zheng, Chunlin Hou, Lei Li, Zedong Wu
BACKGROUND: Detailed investigation of the vasculature of the lateral aspect of the foot has rarely been presented. However, harvesting the flap in this area to cover defects of the foot and hand is highly important. Repair of soft-tissue defects at the forefoot remains a challenge in reconstructive surgery. This study explores the characteristics of the distal-based lateral dorsal cutaneous neuro-lateral plantar venofasciocutaneous flap pedicled with the lateral plantar artery perforator of the fifth metatarsal bone to establish a repair procedure for ulcers or defects in the forefoot region...
June 13, 2016: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
Umur Aydogan, Evan P Roush, Blake E Moore, Seth H Andrews, Gregory S Lewis
Destruction of the normal metatarsal arch by a long metatarsal is often a cause for metatarsalgia. When surgery is warranted, distal oblique or proximal dorsiflexion osteotomies of the long metatarsal bones are commonly used. The plantar fascia has anatomical connection to all metatarsal heads. There is controversial scientific evidence on the effect of plantar fascia release on forefoot biomechanics. In this cadaveric biomechanical study, we hypothesized that plantar fascia release would augment the plantar metatarsal pressure decreasing effects of two common second metatarsal osteotomy techniques...
June 9, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
Zhihao Wang, Yingjie Ding, Zhiping Yu, Xiaoke Wang, Guofei Xing, Haibo Cong
METHODS: Between February 2006 and February 2013, 57 patients with defects of the forefoot were treated. There were 41 males and 16 females with an average age of 38.9 years (range, 19-68 years). The disease causes included motor vehicles crush injury in 28 cases, crashing injury in 17 cases, and machine extrusion injury in 12 cases. The left side was involved in 25 cases and the right side in 32 cases, with a mean disease duration of 4.7 hours (range, 0.5-75.0 hours). Defect located at the 1st metatarsus in 9 cases, at the 5th metatarsus in 8 cases, at the 1st and the 2nd metatarsus in 16 cases, at the 4th and 5th metatarsus in 11 cases, at multiple metatarsus and the forefoot in 13 cases...
February 2016: Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery
Tristan Meusnier, Prikesht Mukish
Study groups have been formed in France to advance the use of minimally invasive surgery. These techniques are becoming more frequently used and the technique nuances are continuing to evolve. The objective of this article was to advance the awareness of the current trends in minimally invasive surgery for common diseases of the forefoot. The percutaneous surgery at the forefoot is less developed at this time, but also will be discussed.
June 2016: Foot and Ankle Clinics
C Biehl, M Eckhard, G Szalay, C Heiss
OBJECTIVE: The treatment strategy for diabetic foot syndrome must take into account protective sensibility of the foot, open wounds, infection status, and the rules of septic bone surgery. Interventions are classified as elective, prophylactic, curative, or emergency. Amputations in the forefoot and midfoot region are performed as ray amputations (including metatarsal), which can often be carried out as "inner" amputations. Gentle tissue treatment mandatory because of greater risk of revision with re-amputation compared to classical amputation...
October 2016: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
R Ballas, P Edouard, R Philippot, F Farizon, F Delangle, N Peyrot
AIMS: The purpose of this study was to analyse the biomechanics of walking, through the ground reaction forces (GRF) measured, after first metatarsal osteotomy or metatarsophalangeal joint (MTP) arthrodesis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 19 patients underwent a Scarf osteotomy (50.3 years, standard deviation (sd) 12.3) and 18 underwent an arthrodesis (56.2 years, sd 6.5). Clinical and radiographical data as well as the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) scores were determined...
May 2016: Bone & Joint Journal
Fusakazu Sawachika, Hirokazu Uemura, Sakurako Katsuura-Kamano, Miwa Yamaguchi, Tirani Bahari, Keisuke Miki, Satoshi Todo, Masayuki Inoo, Ikuko Onishi, Noriyuki Kurata, Kokichi Arisawa
The purpose of this study was to investigate the changes in foot function, disease activity, and disability in patients with RA after resection arthroplasty of the forefoot (arthroplasty). Arthroplasty was performed on 11 patients with RA. All study patients underwent clinical assessment to measure disease activity (Disease Activity Score in 28 Joints-C-reactive protein, DAS28-CRP), disability (Health Assessment Questionnaire-Disability Index, HAQ-DI) and foot function (Foot Function Index, FFI) at the following stages: preoperatively and 1, 3, and 12 months after surgery...
2016: Journal of Medical Investigation: JMI
Nicolas Bocahut, Anne-Laure Simon, Keyvan Mazda, Brice Ilharreborde, Philippe Souchet
PURPOSE: Two conservative techniques for clubfoot treatment are still being debated and depend upon the institution's expertise. For >40 years, the current institution has been a pioneer in the development of the physiotherapy method; however, some severe deformities remain resistant to this method which causes pain, sprains, and difficulties wearing shoes. Therefore, a surgical approach was developed simultaneously for the treatment of these residual or recurring clubfeet. The procedure reproduces the same chronological steps by performing forefoot derotation before correcting hindfoot equinus...
April 2016: Journal of Children's Orthopaedics
José Valero, José Gallart, David González, Javier Deus, Manuel Lahoz
We present the case of a patient with a glomus tumor that was atypical because of its large size and histologic characteristics. It was located in the dorsal-distal zone of the fifth ray of the left foot and was associated with a neuroma under the fifth metatarsal head. Although the pain (of a neurologic type) was attributed to the neuroma, the unknown nature and evolution of the dorsal lesion (glomus tumor) made surgical treatment necessary. Surgery, together with compensating treatment of the functional alterations of the patient's feet (pronation of the subastragalar joint, supination of the forefoot, and fifth metatarsal overload syndrome), resolved the case...
March 2016: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
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