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Forefoot surgery

Jen-Ta Shih, Chun-Lin Kuo, Tsu-Te Yeh, Hsain-Chung Shen, Ru-Yu Pan, Chia-Chun Wu
BACKGROUND: The ideal treatment for comminuted intraarticular calcaneal fractures is still debated. Open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) is the most popular surgical procedure; however, wound complications, implant choice, and infection remain major concerns. This study aimed to demonstrate the results of an innovative, minimally invasive surgical procedure, namely, a closed reduction technique using large-diameter Steinmann pins and percutaneous calcaneoplasty using injectable calcium sulfate cement (MIIG X3, Wright Medical Technology, Inc...
March 9, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Irene Pulido-Valdeolivas, David Gómez-Andrés, Juan Andrés Martín-Gonzalo, Irene Rodríguez-Andonaegui, Javier López-López, Samuel Ignacio Pascual-Pascual, Estrella Rausell
The Hereditary Spastic Paraplegias (HSP) are a group of heterogeneous disorders with a wide spectrum of underlying neural pathology, and hence HSP patients express a variety of gait abnormalities. Classification of these phenotypes may help in monitoring disease progression and personalizing therapies. This is currently managed by measuring values of some kinematic and spatio-temporal parameters at certain moments during the gait cycle, either in the doctor´s surgery room or after very precise measurements produced by instrumental gait analysis (IGA)...
2018: PloS One
Thomas Bartels, Kay Brehme, Martin Pyschik, Stephan Schulze, Karl-Stefan Delank, Georg Fieseler, Kevin G Laudner, Souhail Hermassi, René Schwesig
There are currently no longitudinal data describing the pre- and postoperative postural regulation and stability of patients with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) damage. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate postural regulation and stability prior to and during rehabilitation following surgery of the ACL. Fifty-four physically active subjects (age: 30.5±10.9 years, 29 male subjects) were examined with the Interactive Balance System pre-, 6, and at 12 weeks following surgical reconstruction of the ACL using a hamstring tendon graft...
February 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
Muhammad Asif, Sultan N Qasim, Sudhir Kannan, Maneesh Bhatia
Fusion of the first metatarsophalangeal joint (MTPJ) is the reference standard surgery for significant hallux rigidus. A number of different techniques for first MTPJ fusion have been reported. We describe our technique of first MTPJ fusion using cup and cone reamers for joint surface preparation and 2 crossed cannulated screws for fixation. To the best of our knowledge, this is the single largest series using this technique. The present study reports on a single-surgeon, consecutive series of 166 consecutive cases in 147 patients who had undergone first MTPJ fusion...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Uğur Şaylı, Elif Çiğdem Altunok, Melih Güven, Budak Akman, Jnev Biros, Ayşe Şaylı
OBJECTIVE: This survey was designed to evaluate the prevalence estimations of HV, bunionette, hammertoe as well as their relations to shoe wearing and also familial tendency, in Turkey. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Two thousand six hundred sixty two volunteers (1615 females and 1047 males) with a mean age of 34.15 ± 14.23 (range; 18 to 96) years were asked to answer the predetermined questionnaire between January and June, 2016. Hallux valgus, hammertoe and bunionette images were provided as references and every adult participant without any known forefoot problems or past forefoot surgery history was asked to rate his/her foot and to respond the questions about family history and shoe wearing habits...
February 19, 2018: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
R Simões, C Alves, L Tavares, I Balacó, P Sá Cardoso, T Pu Ling, G Matos
Purpose: The overriding fifth toe is a congenital triplane deformity that may cause aesthetic and functional concerns in children and adolescents. This study aims to evaluate the results obtained when using Butler's arthroplasty to treat this forefoot deformity. Methods: We performed a retrospective study, including all patients undergoing Butler's arthroplasty from January 1995 to December 2012. Clinical records were reviewed to determine age at date of surgery, gender, laterality, preoperative symptoms, success of deformity correction, postoperative pain, scarring, need for adapted shoe, rates of complications and recurrence...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Children's Orthopaedics
Michael Seungcheol Kang, Il-Yeong Hwang, Soo-Sung Park
BACKGROUND: Selective soft tissue release (SSTR), which includes a combination of abductor hallucis, tibialis posterior, and Achilles lengthening, has been used in patients with recurrent clubfoot deformity after Ponseti treatment. The aim of this study was to investigate the prognostic factors for recurrence of clubfoot deformity after SSTR. METHODS: Consecutive patients with idiopathic clubfoot and residual or recurrent deformity after Ponseti treatment underwent SSTR between 2005 and 2013...
February 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle International
T W Nystad, A M Fenstad, O Furnes, B T Fevang
OBJECTIVES: To investigate how patient characteristics, time of diagnosis, and treatment affect the need for orthopaedic surgery in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHOD: We reviewed the medical history of 1544 patients diagnosed with RA at Haukeland University Hospital in Bergen, Norway, from 1972 to 2009, of whom 1010 (mean age 57 years, 69% women) were included in the present study. Relevant orthopaedic procedures were obtained from the Norwegian Arthoplasty Register and the hospital's administrative patient records...
February 15, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology
Masahiro Horita, Keiichiro Nishida, Kenzo Hashizume, Yoshihisa Nasu, Kenta Saiga, Ryuichi Nakahara, Takahiro Machida, Hideki Ohashi, Toshifumi Ozaki
BACKGROUND: We investigated the clinical outcomes of resection and joint-preserving arthroplasty for forefoot deformities in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. METHODS: Sixteen feet of 14 women (average age, 67.1 years; range, 53-82) underwent resection arthroplasty of the metatarsal head (resection group), and 18 feet of 15 women (average age, 61.3 years; range, 40-73) underwent a metatarsophalangeal joint-preserving procedure with shortening oblique metatarsal osteotomies of the lesser toes (joint preservation group)...
February 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle International
John Wright, A Luke MacNeill, D Joshua Mayich
BACKGROUND: A recent case series suggested that surgery with wide-awake local anesthesia is tolerated well by most foot and ankle patients. However, patients were assessed retrospectively and there was no comparison group to show the relative efficacy of this approach. The present study was conducted to address these concerns. METHODS: Perioperative pain and anxiety were assessed in 40 patients receiving forefoot surgery using either wide-awake local anesthesia or general anesthesia...
November 6, 2017: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
R Brown, P Akimau, J Hsuan, T Williams
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the current standards of Fellowship training in Foot and Ankle Surgery Fellowship in the UK. METHODS: Thirteen UK post-FRCS (Tr&Orth) or equivalent Fellows completed a questionnaire detailing their outpatient, surgical, teaching and research experience, along with documenting their supervision and terms of employment. RESULTS: A Fellow attended a mean of 2.5 (0.5-4) clinics and 3.84 (2-7) theatre sessions per week...
June 10, 2017: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Joost C Schrier, Noel L Keijsers, Giovanni A Matricali, Cees C P M Verheyen, Jan Willem K Louwerens
BACKGROUND: Despite impressive results of the pharmacological management of rheumatoid arthritis, still certain patients suffer from rheumatoid forefoot problems. Surgical treatment of these forefoot deformities can be an option. In literature no high-quality studies on this topic can be found. The goal of present study is to compare the results of a metatarsal head (MTH) resecting technique with a MTH preserving technique in the operative treatment of severe rheumatoid forefoot deformity...
August 10, 2017: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Mario Herrera-Perez, Mariano De Prado-Serrano, María José Gutiérrez-Morales, Juan Boluda-Mengod, José Luis Pais-Brito
BACKGROUND: Akin osteotomy is a well-known surgical procedure in forefoot surgery. When performing percutaneously, we have found a lot of delayed unions on follow up X-rays. The objective of this study was to assess the incidence of delayed union when performing a percutaneous Akin osteotomy. METHODS: We report a series of 26 cases who underwent minimally invasive (percutaneous) Akin osteotomy. The mean follow-up duration was 17.6 (range 12 to 24) months. We analys-24) months...
April 24, 2017: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Uğur Şaylı, Budak Akman, Altuğ Tanrıöver, Çiğdem Kaspar, Melih Güven, Turhan Özler
BACKGROUND: Intrinsically stable diaphyseal osteotomy gained popularity in recent years for symptomatic hallux valgus deformities. In this study, Scarf osteotomy results, in surgical management of moderate to severe hallux valgus, are presented. METHODS AND PATIENTS: Study group consisted of 40 feet of 32 (28 females, four males) patients surgically managed by Scarf osteotomy between September 2009 and 2011, with a mean age of 52,98 (range, 31-75) years at the time of surgery...
May 29, 2017: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
James Gwosdz, Lattisha Bilbrew, Daniel Jupiter, Vinod Panchbhavi
BACKGROUND: Ankle blocks are used in the ambulatory surgery setting to control postoperative pain, which is often worst in the first 24 hours after surgery. We conducted a trial to determine whether the timing of ankle block administration in relation to ankle tourniquet inflation has an effect on perceived pain and narcotic consumption. METHODS: A prospective randomized study was conducted between August 2015 and January 2016. Patients were assigned to three groups...
January 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle Specialist
Seung Don Yoo, Hee Sang Kim, Jong Ha Lee, Dong Hwan Yun, Dong Hwan Kim, Jinmann Chon, Seung Ah Lee, Yoo Jin Han, Yun Soo Soh, Yong Kim, Seonyoung Han, Woojin Lee, Young Rok Han
Objective: To investigate the differences in biomechanical parameters measured by gait analysis systems between healthy subjects and subjects with plantar fasciitis (PF), and to compare biomechanical parameters between 'normal, barefooted' gait and arch building gait in the participants. Methods: The researchers evaluated 15 subjects (30 feet) with bilateral foot pain and 15 subjects (15 feet) with unilateral foot pain who had a clinical diagnosis of PF. Additionally, 17 subjects (34 feet) who had no heel pain were recruited...
December 2017: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
Kar Hao Teoh, Kartik Hariharan
BACKGROUND: Different osteotomies have been proposed for the treatment of bunionette deformity. Minimally invasive surgery is now increasingly popular for a variety of forefoot conditions. The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcome following fifth minimally invasive distal metatarsal metaphyseal osteotomy (DMMO) for bunionette deformity. METHODS: Nineteen patients (21 feet) who had symptomatic bunionette deformity and failed conservative treatment between 2014 and 2016 were included in this retrospective study...
January 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle International
Sabine Krenn, Sascha Albers, Peter Bock, Clemens Mansfield, Michel Chraim, Hans-Joerg Trnka
BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive surgery has a shorter surgical time, and in this study we focus on minimally invasive distal metatarsal metaphyseal osteotomy (DMMO). The operation seems to be less complex but requires a high learning curve. We report on our first patients to underline the need for extensive training and great awareness for the risks in the early learning stages. METHODS: We evaluated 27 patients (mean age = 60.9 years) with a mean follow-up time of 7...
January 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle Specialist
Javier Aragón-Sánchez, Benjamin A Lipsky
Diabetic foot osteomyelitis (DFO) has long been considered a complex infection that is both difficult to diagnose and treat, and is associated with a high rate of relapse and limb loss. Areas covered: DFO can usually be diagnosed by a combination of clinical evaluation, serum inflammatory markers and plain X-ray. When the results of these procedures are negative or contradictory, advanced imaging tests or bone biopsy may be necessary. Staphylococcus aureus remains the most frequent microorganism isolated from bone specimens, but infection is often polymicrobial...
January 2018: Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy
Shrish Patil, G H Hanumantharaya, Suresh P Desai, Madhumati Nidoni
Introduction: Several diseases affect the forefoot bones. Relative dimensions of the forefoot bones are important considerations for preoperative and postoperative assessment of surgeries. The choice of a particular surgery over another can also be made if the surgeon knows the length to which a bone needs to be lengthened or shortened in comparison to other bones of the forefoot. Aim: To measure the dimensions of the metatarsals and phalanges on standardized radiographs and to determine possible correlations amongst them...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
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