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Forefoot surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904728/reconstruction-of-postburn-contracture-of-the-forefoot-using-the-anterolateral-thigh-flap
#1
Sang Hyun Lee, Sung Jin An, Nu Ri Kim, Um Ji Kim, Jeung Il Kim
BACKGROUND: Severe forefoot deformities, particularly those involving the dorsum of the foot, cause inconvenience in daily activities of living including moderate pain on the dorsal aspect of the contracted foot while walking and difficulty in wearing nonsupportive shoes due to toe contractures. This paper presents clinical results of reconstruction of severe forefoot deformity using the anterolateral thigh (ALT) free flap. METHODS: Severe forefoot deformities were reconstructed using ALT flaps in 7 patients (8 cases) between March 2012 and December 2015...
December 2016: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881742/association-of-abnormal-metatarsal-parabola-with-second-metatarsophalangeal-joint-plantar-plate-pathology
#2
Adam E Fleischer, Erin E Klein, Maheen Ahmad, Shivang Shah, Fernanda Catena, Lowell Scott Weil, Lowell Weil
BACKGROUND: Plantar plate pathology is common, yet it is unclear whether, and to what extent, the length of the second metatarsal contributes to this problem. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective case-control (1:2) study to examine radiographic risk factors for plantar plate tears. One hundred patients (age 55.7 ± 12.3 years) with plantar plate injuries and 200 healthy controls (age 56.3 ± 11.3 years) were included. Cases were defined as patients with nonacute, isolated, plantar plate pathology of the second metatarsophalangeal joint confirmed by intraoperative inspection at a single foot and ankle specialty practice from June 1, 2007, to January 31, 2014...
November 22, 2016: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871423/the-science-behind-surgical-innovations-of-the-forefoot
#3
REVIEW
Judith F Baumhauer, Michele Marcolongo
One of the areas of foot and ankle surgery that has had particular attention over the last 5 years has been forefoot surgery. Common procedures include correction of the lessor metatarsophalangeal joints and hammertoe deformities, specifically metatarsal shortening osteotomies and proximal interphalangeal joint fusions. The goals of these surgeries are to improve patient function and allow patients to fit into shoes more comfortably in metatarsal shortening and hammertoe.
December 2016: Foot and Ankle Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852647/plantar-plate-repair-for-lesser-metatarsophalangeal-joint-instability
#4
Wesley W Flint, David M Macias, James R Jastifer, Jesse F Doty, Christopher B Hirose, Michael J Coughlin
BACKGROUND: Lesser metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint instability is a common cause of forefoot pain. Advances in operative technique and instrumentation have made it possible to anatomically treat plantar plate tears through a dorsal approach. Our goal was to evaluate the subjective, functional, and radiographic outcomes of plantar plate repair (PPR) from a dorsal approach. METHODS: A prospective case series was performed evaluating the results of PPR in 97 feet with 138 plantar plate tears...
November 15, 2016: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846766/comparison-of-a-self-administered-foot-evaluation-questionnaire-safe-q-between-joint-preserving-arthroplasty-and-resection-replacement-arthroplasty-in-forefoot-surgery-for-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#5
Kosuke Ebina, Makoto Hirao, Jun Hashimoto, Akihide Nampei, Kenrin Shi, Tetsuya Tomita, Kazuma Futai, Yasuo Kunugiza, Takaaki Noguchi, Hideki Yoshikawa
OBJECTIVES: To clarify the difference of patient-based outcome between joint-preserving arthroplasty and resection-replacement arthroplasty in forefoot surgery for patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: A total of 63 feet of 49 RA patients who underwent forefoot surgery were asked to answer pre-operative and post-operative self-administered foot evaluation questionnaire (SAFE-Q). Patients were treated with either (1) metatarsal head resection-replacement arthroplasty (28 feet, post-operative mean age 63...
November 16, 2016: Modern Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846395/mid-term-functional-outcome-of-a-total-arthroplasty-of-the-first-metatarsophalangeal-joint
#6
Corina Nüesch, Annegret Mündermann, Monika Horisberger
BACKGROUND: Arthroplasty of the first metatarsophalangeal joint is an alternative treatment option for end-stage hallux rigidus to the current gold standard of arthrodesis. The aim of this study was to investigate the mid-term functional outcome of an anatomically shaped prosthesis for the first metatarsophalangeal joint using pedobarography. METHODS: Ten patients (12 affected feet; age at surgery: 62.1 (SD: 7.2) years) were investigated preoperatively and 52 (SD: 3) months postoperatively using pedobarography (EMED, novel GmbH, Munich, Germany)...
November 10, 2016: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27682288/pedobarographic-measurements-after-repair-of-achilles-tendon-by-minimal-invasive-surgery
#7
H Ozkan, T Ege, K Koca, N Can, Y Yurttas, S Tunay
The aim of the current study was to assess the changes of plantar foot pressures with pedobarography in -patients with Achilles tendon repair by minimally -invasive surgical technique. This retrospective study consisted of 15 consecutive patients who were treated for acute Achilles' tendon repair with minimally invasive technique in our clinic in a two year period between 2010 and 2012. All patients were male. The mean age was 28.7 years (24-42) and the mean follow-up time was 2.3 years (1.5- 3). All patients had sports related Achilles' tendon rupture and all had undergone surgery in 24-48 hours...
August 2016: Acta Orthopaedica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27672017/effectiveness-of-headless-bioabsorbable-screws-for-fixation-of-the-scarf-osteotomy
#8
Jin Su Kim, Hun Ki Cho, Ki Won Young, Sang Young Lee, Ji Soo Kim, Kyoungtae Lee
BACKGROUND: Scarf osteotomy has been used in hallux valgus surgery due to its large fixation surface for screws and low postoperative complications. However, screws may cause skin irritation from their head, which may require an additional surgical procedure to remove. METHODS: This study included 115 patients (106 females and 9 males, 115 feet) who underwent hallux valgus correction with a scarf osteotomy using bioabsorbable screws between September 2010 and September 2012...
November 2016: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27664166/percutaneous-triple-and-double-osteotomies-for-the-treatment-of-hallux-valgus
#9
Rodrigo Díaz Fernández
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous surgery to correct deformities of the forefoot presents the advantages of using a minimal incision, which involves less soft tissue damage and less risk of wound complications. For severe deformities, percutaneous techniques have not been proven as effective. We propose a technique for the treatment of severe hallux valgus. METHODS: In a sample of 52 feet operated on 48 patients, we performed a double percutaneous osteotomy (closure proximal osteotomy and a distal Akin) or triple when a Reverdin-Isham osteotomy was added...
September 23, 2016: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27650108/the-3-step-pyramid-insole-treatment-concept-for-idiopathic-toe-walking
#10
David Pomarino, Juliana Ramírez-Llamas, Stephan Martin, Andrea Pomarino
: The idiopathic toe walking (ITW) gait pattern is characterized in children for walking since the beginning on their first steps on the forefoot; however, these children are able to support their whole foot on the ground. ITW can only be diagnosed in the absence of any orthopaedic or neurological condition known to cause tiptoe walking. The aim of this article is to review other references and provide an outline of the different treatment options, including the 3-step-pyramid insole treatment concept for children with ITW...
September 19, 2016: Foot & Ankle Specialist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27637412/-congenital-malformations-of-the-forefoot
#11
B Salazard, C Philandrianos, A Gaudeuille
Malformations and deformations of the forefoot are a frequent reason for consultation. The most frequent malformations viewed at birth are syndactylies (second web space), clinodactylies (quintus varus, halllux), polydactylies (hallux, fifth toe). The macrodactylies, hypoplasia, amniotic bands are rare. The management of these defects requires knowledge of surgery adult foot, plastic surgery and especially collaboration with physiotherapists, podiatrists and orthotists. The fast growth of the foot the first year and the development of walking at one year require to start early the treatment of deformations and to anticipate the evolution of malformations...
October 2016: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27627777/-charcot-arthropathy-and-diabetic-foot
#12
E López-Gavito, P Parra-Téllez, J Vázquez-Escamilla
Diabetes mellitus is a major chronic degenerative disease, which currently is taking on alarming proportions in the population of our country. Neuropathic arthropathy is one of the most interesting degenerative joint disorders and increasingly common within the orthopedic pathology. It is defined as a progressive degenerative arthropathy, chronic and affecting one or more peripheral joints, and develops as a result of the lack of sensory perception normal in the innervation of joints. As a result the joints of the feet are subjected to trauma and repetitive injury causing a neurotraumatic effect with progressive damage to the joints of the hindfoot, midfoot and forefoot...
January 2016: Acta Ortopédica Mexicana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27474886/qualitative-analysis-of-foot-intersegment-coordination-in-the-sagittal-plane-following-surgery-for-end-stage-ankle-osteoarthrosis
#13
Swati Chopra, Julien Favre, Xavier Crevoisier
Today, ankle joint kinematic assessment gives important information regarding the intersegment range of motion. It does not, however, provide information regarding coordination between the segments. This study aimed to determine whether or not intersegment coordination can provide valuable, otherwise missed information in relation to kinematic alterations of the ankle joint. The study consisted of 40 participants, including 12 total ankle replacement (TAR) patients, 12 ankle arthrodesis (AA) patients, and 16 controls...
July 30, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27376022/footwear-modification-following-hallux-valgus-surgery-the-all-or-none-phenomenon
#14
Cal Robinson, Abhijit Bhosale, Anand Pillai
AIM: To define footwear outcomes following hallux valgus surgery, focusing on patient return to comfortable and heeled footwear and patterns of post-operative footwear selection. METHODS: Surgical intervention is indicated for symptomatic cases of hallux valgus unresponsive to conservative methods, with favourable reported outcomes. The return to various types of footwear post-operatively is reflective of the degree of correction achieved, and corresponds to patient satisfaction...
June 26, 2016: World Journal of Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27358264/categorization-and-surgical-management-of-posttraumatic-midfoot-malunion
#15
Chun-Guang Li, Guang-Rong Yu, Yun-Feng Yang, Bing Li
OBJECTIVE: To assess a classification system for midfoot injury that was based on the characteristics of the foot malunion and to evaluate the suggested treatment strategies. METHODS: This retrospective review of data from patients with posttraumatic midfoot malunion categorized each foot deformity into one of three types based on the foot arch and then separated these categories into one of three subtypes based on the forefoot deformity. According to the types of malunion, fascio-cutaneous flap, osteotomy, joint arthrodesis or realignment was used to correct the deformity...
August 2016: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27316448/partial-weight-bearing-of-the-tibia
#16
Bergita Ganse, Peng-Fei Yang, Jenny Gardlo, Peter Gauger, Andreas Kriechbaumer, Hans-Christoph Pape, Timmo Koy, Lars-Peter Müller, Jörn Rittweger
INTRODUCTION: Partial weight bearing is part of treatment schemes in orthopedic surgery and traumatology. The aim of the present study was to explore to what degree ground reaction forces during partial weight bearing of the lower leg are related to given instructions and to tibia deformation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Tibia deformation (torsion, medio-lateral and anterio-posterior bending) was measured for rear foot and forefoot loading, 10kg, 20kg and half body weight instructions compared to full loading in five healthy male subjects using the "Optical Segment Tracking" approach, a motion-capturing based method that uses monocortically fixed bone screws...
August 2016: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27310027/association-between-preoperative-pain-intensity-of-mtp-joint-callosities-of-the-lesser-toes-and-fore-mid-hindfoot-deformities-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-cases
#17
Makoto Hirao, Kosuke Ebina, Kenrin Shi, Tetsuya Tomita, Takaaki Noguchi, Hideki Tsuboi, Jun Hashimoto, Hideki Yoshikawa
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether preoperative pain intensity in callosities of the lesser toe metatarsopharangeal (MTP) joint was associated with the grade of fore-mid-hindfoot deformities, because rheumatoid arthritis (RA) foot deformity includes the whole part of foot, and curiously differences between cases in the pain intensity of MTP joint callosities are often observed. METHODS: We evaluated 24 feet that had undergone forefoot surgery [August, 2014 - December, 2015] for painful lesser toe MTP joint deformity (callosities) in RA cases...
June 16, 2016: Modern Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27294973/anatomical-basis-and-design-of-the-distally-based-lateral-dorsal-cutaneous-neuro-lateral-plantar-venofasciocutaneous-flap-pedicled-with-the-lateral-plantar-artery-perforator-of-the-fifth-metatarsal-bone-a-cadaveric-dissection
#18
Tianquan Wang, Jian Lin, Dajiang Song, Heping Zheng, Chunlin Hou, Lei Li, Zedong Wu
BACKGROUND: Detailed investigation of the vasculature of the lateral aspect of the foot has rarely been presented. However, harvesting the flap in this area to cover defects of the foot and hand is highly important. Repair of soft-tissue defects at the forefoot remains a challenge in reconstructive surgery. This study explores the characteristics of the distal-based lateral dorsal cutaneous neuro-lateral plantar venofasciocutaneous flap pedicled with the lateral plantar artery perforator of the fifth metatarsal bone to establish a repair procedure for ulcers or defects in the forefoot region...
June 13, 2016: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27279527/biomechanical-consequences-of-adding-plantar-fascia-release-to-metatarsal-osteotomies-changes-in-forefoot-plantar-pressures
#19
Umur Aydogan, Evan P Roush, Blake E Moore, Seth H Andrews, Gregory S Lewis
Destruction of the normal metatarsal arch by a long metatarsal is often a cause for metatarsalgia. When surgery is warranted, distal oblique or proximal dorsiflexion osteotomies of the long metatarsal bones are commonly used. The plantar fascia has anatomical connection to all metatarsal heads. There is controversial scientific evidence on the effect of plantar fascia release on forefoot biomechanics. In this cadaveric biomechanical study, we hypothesized that plantar fascia release would augment the plantar metatarsal pressure decreasing effects of two common second metatarsal osteotomy techniques...
June 9, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27276809/-effectiveness-of-repairing-or-reconstructing-defects-of-forefoot
#20
Zhihao Wang, Yingjie Ding, Zhiping Yu, Xiaoke Wang, Guofei Xing, Haibo Cong
METHODS: Between February 2006 and February 2013, 57 patients with defects of the forefoot were treated. There were 41 males and 16 females with an average age of 38.9 years (range, 19-68 years). The disease causes included motor vehicles crush injury in 28 cases, crashing injury in 17 cases, and machine extrusion injury in 12 cases. The left side was involved in 25 cases and the right side in 32 cases, with a mean disease duration of 4.7 hours (range, 0.5-75.0 hours). Defect located at the 1st metatarsus in 9 cases, at the 5th metatarsus in 8 cases, at the 1st and the 2nd metatarsus in 16 cases, at the 4th and 5th metatarsus in 11 cases, at multiple metatarsus and the forefoot in 13 cases...
February 2016: Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery
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